Doyle ( 2003) states that the educator has an obligation to identify and provide adequate attention to those with special needs and at the same time not deal with these children in a prejudicial way.
Doyle uses the example of students who may have autism, which is a disorder related to special learning need. In order to reduce the possibility of any bias and prejudice the following steps are advised, among others.
It is of the utmost importance to identify and support students in the autism spectrum and students with other special learning needs as early as possible. Do not allow children who may have special needs to go from one grade to another without a professional team assessing the student for eligibility for services and supports. "Waiting" is NOT an effective, educational practice. Although the process of referral can be cumbersome, it is well worth it when it identifies needs that can be met during the educational life of the child. (Doyle, 2003)
The above is a good example of the attention that the teacher should provide to the special need student. It also stresses the importance of teacher's perceptions and the way that the teacher can be instrumental in providing a more equable and unprejudiced learning environment for the special need student.
The problem of unfair or prejudiced treatment of the disadvantaged and special needs student is one that requires the sensitivity and responsible perception of both the teacher and the educational community in order to remedy this cultural inequality. That a serious situation exists in terms of cultural inequalities is evidenced by the following comment on ableism. "Like racism and sexism, ableism is embedded within our society at a root level and combating it requires ongoing education about how a person's uniqueness can counteract cultural myths about people with disabilities" ( Fierros, 2006). An attitude that is not acceptable and which requires urgent attention is the view that is still prevalent in sectors of contemporary society that persons with disabilities are "…tolerated but not allowed to participate fully in society"( Obiakor, 2010, p. 112).
Feirros asks the cardinal question with regard to this subject: "The question, of course, is how to do that -- how to combat fear and ignorance about perceived differences?" ( Fierros, 2006). As...
A large part of the answer to the question put forward by Fierros lies in the attitudes and perceptions of the teacher in the classroom and the extent to which he or she can redress and possibly eradicate cultural inequalities among special need students.
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(the Shame of the Nation: Separate and Unequal by Nathan Glazer. The New York Times. September 25, 2005) In the work entitled: "Kozol Discusses "Shame of a Nation" During Hauben Lecture" the author, Brian Whitson states: "The proportion of black students attending public segregated schools is at its highest since the death of civil rights activists Martin Luther King, Jr. is the news related by Kozol to a "...sold out
More importantly, our appreciative and participatory stance with our co-researchers has allowed us to witness and learn about the cutting edge of leadership work in such a way that is and feels qualitatively different from other research traditions we have used in the past, because it is built on valuing. Even though it is challenging at times (Ospina et al. 2002), our inquiry space is enhanced by our collaboration
" According to Patton (1998) the overrepresentation of African-American children in special education programs that are intended for students that have serious emotional or behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, and mental disabilities has continued to be a problem even though many researchers have recognized the problems that have occurred as a result of such overrepresentation. In fact there is exhaustive amounts of literature that explains the "causal factors that range from failure
Thus, the relation between students is imperative for determining such disorders (Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 2007). As with the previous two categories, this is seen as incredibly subjective in the idea that no medical diagnosis or visible physical symptoms are needed to be placed within the category. Stratification. Stratification is essentially the ranking of individuals within a hierarchy based on the structures present in a functioning society. Sullivan and
Treatment of Cancer Cultural and Ethnical Related Beliefs in the Treatment of Cancer Healthcare disparities among cultural or ethnic lines have been shown to not be as totally unbalanced burdens from disease, disability or death. Particular populations or groups when compared to the majority of the population are at an obvious disadvantage but not as wide a gap as they would have you believe. "Racial or ethnic differences in the quality of health
African-American Children in Special Education Programs The large amount of minority children, specifically African-American children, who have ended up in special education programs for students who have learning disabilities, behavioral disabilities, emotional disabilities, or mental disabilities, has remained a very strong reality even though it has been recognized for more than 20 years (Townsend, Thomas, Witty, & Lee, 1996). After looking at many of these patterns and how often they