The fundamental law of the State of Texas is clearly stated out in the Constitution of the State of Texas. This document was officially adopted by the voters of the State in 1876 and has since them been amended in several occasions. In addition, under this constitution, the principles for the operation of state government and legal system have been outlined. The principle of separation of powers has given way to three distinct branches of the government that include the legislature, the executive, and the judicial. The departments are guided by specific constitutional provisions. However, some of the provisions have been perceived as inhibitory to the proper functioning of the State and must be reformed. Therefore, to improve the effectiveness of Texas government, it is necessary for these provisions to be reviewed and necessary reforms adopted.
The legislative department is the dominant branch of the state of Texas as provided by the state constitution of separation of powers.
The structure of the legislature by itself is inhibitory to the effectiveness of popular representation in Texas. The legislature is provided with compensation that is often meager compared to other states. One of the reforms proposed is increasing the pay for legislators. It is evident that lower pay has made the legislators depend on other sources of income in order to sustain themselves, their families, and make up for their campaigning expenditure (Texas Politics, chapter...
In fact, this could explain the reason as to why they engage in lobbying for other jobs contrary to the provision of the constitution that requires them to be dedicated only to their legislative duties (Kraemer, Charldean, and Prindle 34).
Secondly, there also exists a constitutional provision that provides that the legislators have a limited time for their session. Normally, these sessions are expected to be confined just within 140 days in a given year. This limited time for house business has forced the legislators to hurriedly and ineffectively brush through the various bills that are presented on the first day of regular business. For example, in 2010, 394 bills were presented. Such a high number clearly points at the need for extra time session for the legislators. The proposed reforms seek to increase the duration of these sessions (May 16).
Texas constitution provides that the Executive Department shall comprise of a Governor, Secretary of State, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Commissioner of the General Land Office, and Attorney General. The Governor is the Chief Executive Officer of the State. All these officers, with the exception of Secretary of State, shall be elected by voters at the time and place of voting. A governor must at least be 30 years of age. Their compensation in terms of salaries and other allowances is determined by the legislature (May 12).
These provisions limit the powers of the Governor such that he becomes toothless. Most of the…
Women, for example, only gained their right of suffrage in 1920 and Article VI of the Constitution of 1876 only gives "male persons" over the age of 21 who have "resided in Texas for at least one year" the right to vote. Compact Theory: The compact theory holds that the formation of the Union of the United States was through a "compact" of all the States individually and the creation
The Texas Constitution: An Examination and Discussion On the most fundamental level, a constitution is a plan or contract between the government and the people governed. A constitution details the agreed-upon powers, responsibilities and limitations upon all involved parties, while asserting the proper procedure for action. The constitution is the foundation for all basic laws upon which the legal system rests. In the history of the existence of the state of
The complexity of Sam Houston as a man perhaps exemplifies the difficulties in arguing whether the revolution was justified. Houston has become associated with the racism of the Texan's cause, because of his effective defeat of Mexico. But Houston himself lived amongst the Cherokees early in his life and married a Cherokee woman. When he fought for Andrew Jackson as a populist, he warred against the Creeks Indians, although
Texas Business Organization Code In a General Partnership all the partners (100%) must consent to an act which is outside the ordinary course of business of the partnership. Tex. Bus. Org. Code Sec. A152.209. (b) The partnership is held liable for wrongful acts or omissions of a partner in the following circumstances: in the ordinary course of business of the partnership, or with the authority of the partnership. Tex. Bus. Org. Code.
Texas Parole Board The Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles The Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles (herein referred to as the board) is a Texas-based state agency charged with determining "which eligible offenders to release on parole or discretionary mandatory supervision, and under what conditions" (Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles, 2014). The board, moreover, makes decisions concerning parole revocation and issues clemency recommendations to the governor in an attempt to
Texas Governor: An Evaluation of Powers George W. Bush, the 46th governor of the State of Texas, once termed it "the best job in the world" despite the fact that, of the fifty governors in the United States, they hold the least constitutional powers. This limitation of powers came about due to perceived abuses of power by Governor E.J. Davis during Reconstruction, which necessitated the Texas constitution to support a weak