Richard Reid, better known as the "shoe bomber" has nearly eight charges held against him. He was arrested as a result of his efforts to demolish a commercial flight using bombs concealed in his shoes. Richard was born in London in 1973. He had a Jamaican father who was in prison for a majority of his childhood. The early separation of his parents reflects family dysfunctionality. Even though he had been educated in one of UK's better schools, the lack of proper family support subjected him to getting involved in several crimes. An interracial background might have resulted in adjustment problems in an environment dominated by whites. He was imprisoned several times, and accepted Islam while at Feltham young offender's institution. On his release Reid became a part in the London based, Brixton Mosque. He made an effort to get involved in mosque proceedings but ended up getting influenced by extremist groups. They took advantage of his vulnerable character and brainwashed him with their line of militant teachings. He is said to have come in association with Zacarias Moussaoui (one of the conspirators of the terrorist attacks on September 11) and Abu Hamza Al-Masri (one of the leaders of the Islamic extremism), both of whom might have planted the seeds of anti-American viewpoints and led him to become a part of Al Qaeda ("Chapter 5: Al-Qaida: Terrorist Selection").
His actions against the west were fuelled by training camps in Afghanistan and anti-American religious groups in Pakistan. He traveled and resided temporarily in several countries such as Egypt, Turkey, Israel, Netherlands and France. This is said to be indicative of a way to get accustomed to breaking the security arrangements in those countries. He boarded a flight from Paris to Miami which got delayed by a day, due to the implementation of additional checks. After managing to board the flight eventually, Reid tried but failed to accomplish his purpose of crashing the flight. He got caught in his act of trying to ignite a fuse connected to the explosives. The dampness imposed on the explosives on account of the damp weather, feet perspiration and delay had caused the fuse to become moist, which made it hard for Reid to set it off immediately. He was tied up by other passengers and taken into custody after an emergency landing at the closest airport. Even though he admitted to his charges, Reid's anti-American defiance was pretty obvious from his lack of remorse and argumentative attitude. He claimed to be a soldier of god working under the orders of Osama Bin Laden. His feelings against the west were triggered by his teachings as a part of Al-Qaeda. His attempt has caused airlines to make their passengers to take their shoes off as a part of the security check ("Chapter 5: Al-Qaida: Terrorist Selection").
Muhammed Atef served Osama Bin Laden as one of the primary lieutenant in charge of...
He is suspected to have played a major role in organizing the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center. The U.S. authorities had a $5 million bounty placed against his capture. Atef was educated in agricultural engineering and temporarily served the Egyptian police. He was connected to the Islamic Jihad group based in Egypt before coming in touch with Laden. This led to the Egyptian court assigning him a 7-year prison term with regards to murder of Anwar Sadat, the Egyptian president in 1981. He met Ayman al-Zawahiri at an Afghan training camp who got him connected to Al Queda by introducing him to Laden. He was a part of meetings held in 1988 discussing the foundation of Al Qaeda and future proceedings. This was where he understood their extremist ideologies and started working full time as one of their central propagandist against the United States. He took over the reigns as Al Qaeda's military chief after Abu al-Banshiri's death. Even though some of his methods were questioned by militants, he received Laden's full support in his actions. This encouraged him further to dedicate his life towards Jihadist activities against the west (Doran, "Somebody Else's Civil War").
His ties with Laden's family strengthened as his daughter tied the marital knot with one of Laden's sons. He has several charges registered against him. He travelled periodically to Somalia for meetings and had to stay undetected while training fighters. He was one of the instigators of 1993 attacks on the American base located in Somalia, causing the death of 18. In 1998 he issued a fatwa to Laden, approved by Afghan scholars on how assaults on American residents could validated. He had been associated with bombing operations in Tanzania and Kenya where attacks on American embassies caused the death of over 200 people. Atef was among the few Al Qaeda representatives who stayed away from the videos revealed on Al Jazeera's network. Known as a man of silent mannerisms, he is said to have conducted the proceedings of some Afghan training camps himself. He considered the westerners as oppressors and was the author of a manual which listed the Jihadist military duties which the trainees were supposed to fulfill. There had been a few controversies regarding his death. According to Taliban representatives, he succumbed to the wounds from U.S. bombings near his Kabul residence. The FBI had been pondering over the possibility of Atef escaping the bombings and faking his death due to the lack of explicit proof (Doran, "Somebody Else's Civil War").
Bajoria, Jayshree. "al-Qaeda (a.k.a. al-Qaida, al-Qa'ida)," cfr.org Web. 30 Dec. 2009. Web. 4 Dec. 2010.
Gillespie, Thomas W. "Finding Osama bin Laden:an Application of Biogeographic Theories and Satellite Imagery." MIT International Review. 17 Feb. 2009
Laden, Omar Bin."Chapter 4: Born the Son of Osama Bin Laden"
"Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri: Idol of the National Unity." The NEFA FOundation. Dec 14, 2009
"Zawahiri tries to clear name, explain strategy." Transnational Security Issues Report. 21 Apr. 2008
"The CIA Interrogation of Abu Zubaydah." Jan. 2003
"ICRC Report on the treatment of…
Al Qaeda is an international terrorist organization, which was formed in August 1988. The word Al Qaeda means 'The Base'. This organization is considered as a top threat for the world super power United States of America. Al Qaeda is responsible for many attacks throughout the world with its extensive and effective networks. This group is responsible for attack like the September 7, 2001 attack on the world trade centre
During the early 1990s, bin Laden insisted that the United States and other foreign troops should withdraw from Saudi Arabia at all costs. bin Laden critized the royal Saudi family publicly for disgracing the sanctity of the birthplace of Islam. With this demand, bin Laden was exiled from Saudi Arabia which would eventually lead to his declaration of jihad in 1996. Al-Qaeda described the United States as an "alliance of
The Department of Homeland Security was created "to develop and coordinate a comprehensive national strategy to strengthen protections against terrorist threats or attacks in the U.S.," according to the Department of State. Ostensibly, the Department will help prevent, prepare for, manage, and recover from future terrorist attacks on American soil. The most visible contribution of the Department of Homeland Security is its much-ridiculed color-coded terrorism alarm system. The Department of
Al Qaeda: Ideology, Goals and Objectives Al Qaeda was literally built as a combination of the hard core of extreme principles, first-rate financial accommodation, and uncluttered deadly force action plan to subdue any obstruction and opposing parties to accomplish the victory of the ideology. Beyond the protection of Osama bin Laden's influential fellow persons of the world, the organization found its perfect environment to grow beyond international reach, and work on
Al Qaeda's Next Major Domestic Attack On The United States The fact that the United States has not experienced a major domestic attack since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 is firm testament to the relentless work by the Western intelligence community in identifying potential threats and preventing them from reaching fruition. In fact, a number of such attempts have been detected and eliminated in recent years, some of which
In general, the operational methods described are elementary to any graduate of a western intelligence organization but not to be underestimated, especially for their effectiveness in the under-developed world. There is some advanced knowledge of weapons and explosives techniques, however, their greatest asset -- and most fearsome characteristic -- is ideology, through which they stand to recruit those who can improve their level of sophistication. As they gain sophistication,