Using Psychology At Work Research Paper

Length: 2 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Psychology Type: Research Paper Paper: #99677992 Related Topics: Psychoanalytic Theory, Sigmund Freud, Psychodynamic Theories, Psychodynamic Theory
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory

The seminal theorist selected from Chapter 7 of the Morgan (2006) text is Sigmund Freud. Freud was one of the early pioneers of psychoanalytic theory, which is still prevalent today and is associated with a psychodynamic perspective and its presence in contemporary organizations. There is a distinctive way in which psychoanalytic theory -- and many of the concepts advanced by Freud -- can influence functional cultural identity. By extension, there are a number of different ways cultural identity can pertain to a leader's influence on the perception of cultural identity and on organizational (and individual) performance.

Perhaps the core notion of psychoanalytic theory is that a person's past plays a substantial role in his or her present. The clinician utilizing this theory attempts to identify key elements in a person's past that are contributing to myriad manifestations in his or her present life, and change them to both positively impact the present and future behavior of such a person. The goal is to then reconstruct one's personality out of its various components (such as the Id, Superego, and the Ego). This theory also incorporates various elements of psychosexual...



This perspective can influence cultural identity in any number of ways. However, what is most significant about this perspective is that it largely does not account for various sociological and cultural factors -- certainly not to the extent that other theories and theorists do. In fact, the elements of psychoanalytic theory advanced by Freud are predicated on the fact that most people are the same regardless of culture and simply consist of various aspects of personality. As such, the dominant aspect of cultural identity associated with this perspective is a Westernized one with little accountability for other cultures. Thus, the principle influence of this perspective on functional cultural identity is that it reinforces Westernization and, to a lesser extent, Western superiority. Rather, it does not take into account other aspects of culture that theories that are more modern do. It merely adds to the conviction that Western cultural homogeneity reigns, and takes much more precedence in explicating psychodynamic forces than other cultures, and other theories that are more inclusive of other cultures, do.

Within an organizational context, cultural identity is greatly related to the performance of both…

Sources Used in Documents:


Garcia, J.L. (1995). Freud's Psychosexual stage conception: a developmental metaphor for counselors. Journal of Counseling & Development. 73(5), 498-502.

Morgan, G. (2006). Images of organization. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Enron: The smartest guys in the room. (2005). Dir: Gibney, A. Feat: Lay, K., Skilling, J., Fastow, A.

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