World and the Rwandan Genocide Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

Rwandan Genocide is the greatest massacre of human beings since Holocaust since most of the victims were murdered using machetes and would have known their murderers. While the war was mainly fueled by the ethnic tensions between Hutus and Tutsis, it escalated into genocide because the world turned their back on Rwanda. There are several arguments demonstrating this claim including the failure by the United Nations to offer protection and decision to withdraw its troops. Secondly, the decision by the United Nations to restrict its engagement with Rwanda to the Arusha Accord contributed to the genocide by promoting inaction. Thirdly, the UN and the international community failed to initiate peace enforcement efforts and interventions at a time when Rwanda needed help. The escalation of the ethnic war between Hutus and Tutsis into a genocide that lasted for 100 days was partly fueled by the fact that the world turned their back on Rwanda.

Dallaire and the Rwandan Genocide

One of the arguments in support of the claim that the world turned their back on Rwanda was the decision by the UN to remove its troops despite being capable of offering protection. According to Cahill (2013), the world turned their back on Rwandan and the United Nations decided to remove its main body of Blue Helmets (p.110). Actually, the United Nations could have utilized its troops to offer protection of schools, churches, hospitals, and other social amenity areas where Tutsis were seeking for refuge during the massacre. Even though this organization could have acknowledged the Rwandan Patriotic Front as the legal Rwandan government, it could have stopped its link with RPF that orchestrated the genocide.

The failure by the UN to provide protection and eventual withdrawal of the troops can be attributed to Romeo Dallaire's failure to report the rising ethnic war between Hutus and Tutsis. The emergence of the Rwandan Genocide is largely attributed to plans by Hutus to attack Tutsis after taking over the government. While Dallaire knew about these plans, he did not provide adequate reports to the UN that would have provoked the organization to carry out necessary preventive actions. Actually, Dallaire was informed about shipment of weapons by Hutu elite and regarding the plan to attack as well as knowing the origin of those weapons. Dallaire had several meetings with the leader of the Hutu-led military and learnt of their plans to take over the government and kill Tutsis (Mackenzie, 2008, p.16). However, he did not take necessary measures to avert the coming war and commanded his troops to fire only if fired upon.

Secondly, the decision by the United Nations to limit its engagement with Rwanda to the Arusha Accord was a demonstration of how the world turned its back on Rwanda during the genocide. Romeo Dallaire's mission in Rwanda was to evaluate a peace agreement between the Hutus and Tutsis, which were two warring ethnic groups (Shiffman, 2008). He was the commander of the UN Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR), which was to evaluate the border between Uganda and Rwanda to ensure no military help was being…

Sources Used in Document:


Cahill, K.M. (2013). Preventive diplomacy: stopping wars before they start. New York, NY:


Gigliotti, S. (2007). Genocide Yet Again: Scenes of Rwanda and Ethical Witness in the Human

Rights Memoir. Australian Journal of Politics and History, 53(1), 84-95.

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