World War II Was Carried Out on Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

World War II was carried out on the home front, how it was presented to the American people and conducted in America. World War II never really touched American shored, but it certainly made a difference in American lives.

On December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed congress and asked them to declare war on Japan after their unprovoked attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7. He called December 7 "a date which will live in infamy," and it brought Americans directly into the war, and their lives changed. As soon as Roosevelt declared war, thousands of patriotic and emotional Americans hurried to enlist and help fight the war. These young people were angry about the Japanese attacks, and they wanted to defend their country. Young men enlisted in the Armed Forces, and young women signed up as nurses, and even pilots, helping to ferry airplanes from one base to another, but never actually in combat.

When so many young people enlisted, there were many open jobs that had to be filled, and the women left at home filled many jobs that had traditionally been held by men. They worked in factories building the ships, planes, and weapons Americans would need to fight in the war. They became known as "Rosie the Riveters," and they were a very famous symbol of how Americans simply dug in and did what they had to do both here at home and on the war fronts. The people at home did not face actual fighting, but they did face many difficulties. There were shortages of food and materials. Many materials had to be recycled into ammunition, weapons, and other defense items, so metals were recycled, and many items disappeared from everyday life, such as butter, rubber, and many other items. "Rationing programs that began with rubber and gasoline soon spread to greatly desired foods, including meats, coffee, and butter. [ ... ] Scrap drives, milkweed pod collections, air raids, blackouts, and numerous Red Cross activities were also part of the day-to-day wartime life ... " (O'Brien and Parsons 3). So, many Americans learned to do without a lot of things during the war, and a lot of…

Sources Used in Document:

References

Daniels, Roger. "10 Bad News from the Good War: Democracy at Home During World War II." The Home-Front War World War II and American Society. Eds. O'Brien, Kenneth Paul and Lynn Hudson Parsons. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995. 157-167.

O'Brien, Kenneth Paul and Lynn Hudson Parsons, eds. The Home-Front War World War II and American Society. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

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