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After viewing each fractal, jot down what it reminds you of. Explore for pattern and similarity to things of a different scale, either larger or smaller. We'll share these ideas at the end of the lesson.
Next, browse other parts of the Fractal of the Day site and view African Fractals:
Make notes of observations that impress you or may be interesting to others.
Discuss and analyze the Fractals of the Day and other web sites students visited. Compile a chart on butcher paper recording student responses to fractals of the day. What conclusions can be drawn from this data? Students respond at the bottom of their paper and turn in their work for teacher comments.
Be aware of fractal possibilities as you go about your normal school and after school activities. It is possible to talk about them mathematically. Come to class tomorrow with your observations.…
Start by stacking six shoeboxes together, with three on top of one another in the back, two more stacked next to them, and the last one in front. This should create a mountain-like foundation to build from. Next, after crumpling newspaper into different sized shapes meant to resemble a mountains rocky texture, glue these to your shoebox foundation. You can paint the assembled mountain brown or grey to look more realistic, with green for trees making a nice touch. Next, carefully cut a cardboard paper towel roll in half to create a slide-like feature, and wedge the slide in between the newspaper crumples to create the waterfall. This can be painted blue to resemble a real waterfalls path through a mountainside, and if you use toilet paper rolls instead of paper towel rolls, you can make the river wind its way down more realistically. After placing a plastic bucket underneath…
Red Fern Grows. Need 7th - 8th grade level. Introduction caputre attention audience a striking statement. Close instroduction a statment lesson learned. Body short consise summary including main points key events.
here the Red Fern Grows
"here the Red Fern Grows" is children's literature that can also appeal to an adult public through the complex feelings that it puts across. This book tells us more about life, honesty, and determination. Even with the fact that one might be inclined to believe that is only meant to address a underage audience, the book contains elements that can seem appealing for a more mature public that is able to understand the protagonist's sentiments and that can identify with him in regard to having flashbacks from childhood. The book puts across feelings related to determination and hard work, given that the main characters in it can virtually be considered role models.
Rawls, Wilson, "Where the Red Fern Grows," Doubleday, 1961.
8th Grade: Readers Cinema
The students will utilize and identify tone that is steady with the sentence type. (Content)
The students will identify words that are being mentioned. (Content)
The students will learn how to be thoughtful of others. (Process)
The objective of this task is to have the students complete a reader's cinema with the class in front of the camera that will film them using video. The video that will be used can be from a regular cell phone or it can be from some kind of a camcorder. Before this takes place, the students will have done no less than four run-throughs as a class performing on the characteristics of eloquence. We have completed workshops that help students recognize words that produce tone and natural breaks in sentences to make sentence flow. For instance, the teacher will have the students to circle particular words in their…
New Vocabulary Terms to review: ethanol, corn stover, hydrolysis, cellulose, hemicellulose, carbohydrates, polysaccharide, starch, saccharide, glucose, enzyme, salivary amylase, cellulose, colorimeter, cuvette, concentration, absorbance, wavelength, nanometer, fermentation, renewable resource, non-renewable resource
National Standards Met:
Science Content Standards: 8-12
CONTENT STANAR A: Science as Inquiry As a result of activities in grades 8-12, all students should develop: 1) Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry, 2) Understandings about scientific inquiry
CONTENT STANAR B: Physical Science As a result of their activities in grades 8-12, all students should develop an understanding of: 1) Structure of atoms, 2) Structures and of properties in matter, 3) Chemical reactions
CONTENT STANAR C: Life Science- 1) understanding of the cell
CONTENT STANAR E: Science and Technology -As a result of their activities in grades 8-12, all students should develop: 1) Abilities of technological design, 2) Understandings about science and technology
CONTENT STANAR F: Science in Personal and…
Design for Degradation - Chemical products should be designed so that at the end of their function they break down into innocuous degradation products and do not persist in the environment.
Real-time analysis for Pollution Prevention - Analytical methodologies need to be further developed to allow for real-time, in-process monitoring and control prior to the formation of hazardous substances (The Twelve Principles of Green Chemistry, 2010).
Teacher Prep: This module focuses on the production of sugar (glucose and maltose) from cornstarch. The lesson is inquiry based, and is well set for inclusion into the curriculum for chemistry, biology (ecology), or basic physical science. The first lesson from this module relates glucose production from cornstarch to ethanol fuel production from corn stover. Another lesson uses a calculator-based colorimeter interface from the Vernier Company to quantify the hydrolysis of starch to sugar by salivary amylase. In this lesson saliva is added to a starch solution containing a couple of drops of iodine. Light initially doesn't pass through this solution. If the absorption decreases after the addition of the saliva, this means more light is passing through and the starch is being hydrolyzed (broken down into maltose and glucose). The third lesson again uses colorimetry but
Teaching Unit for an 8th-Grade Language Arts and Literature Class
Community, District, and School Factors
Learning Goals and Objectives
Pre-Assessments Aligned with Learning Goals and Objectives
Evaluation of Pre- and Post-Assessments
Criteria Used to Measure Student Performance for Learning Goals
Plan for Formative Assessment to Gauge Student Progress
Design for Instruction
Explanation of Selected Activities: No. 1.
How Content Relates to Instructional Goal(s) and b.
How the Activity Stems from Pre-Assessment Information and Instructional Context
Materials and Technology Required to Implement
Plan for Assessment of Student Learning During
and/or Following the Activity
Explanation of Selected Activities: No. 2.
How Content Relates to Instructional Goal(s) and Objective(s)
How the Activity Stems from Pre-Assessment Information and Instructional Context
Materials and Technology Required to Implement
Plan for Assessment of Student Learning During
and/or Following the Activity
Dorn, Charles M., Stanley S. Madeja and F. Robert Sabol. Assessing Expressive Learning: A
Practical Guide for Teacher-Directed, Authentic Assessment in K-12 Visual Arts
Education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004.
Oklahoma Teacher Work Sample Assignment. (2003, March 11). Oklahoma Higher Education.
Going beyond this, Benjamin is talented in many other areas as well, which is testament to his exceptionalism. He was a team leader during the 2009 World Robot Olympiad, representing Taipei City and Taipei County. He demonstrated outstanding leadership and I felt that they took a very creative approach to problem-solving. Although they did not win, I found their effort to be truly special.
He is also a swimmer, and takes the same dedication to that pastime as to all of his other endeavors. He performs all four disciplines -- freestyle, backstroke, butterfly and breaststroke -- which I feel suits his character very well. He is just an incredibly well-rounded young man.
Each year in September we hold what is known as a "Basic Competency Test" for all 8th grade students who are entering high schools here in Taiwan. Benjamin scored 99% on this exam. He has already been accepted…
According to the Kohlberg theory, the post-conventional level is when a person develops social contract orientation and becomes principled. I believe I felt that I owed society an obligation to work and try to make it better, so I sought public welfare work (Fowler, p. 56).
Eventually, a better job opportunity came to me in the form of a state job in the Department of Youth and Family Services, so I decided to leave the school system. I transferred from my city job and was able work in my chosen field. Between working there and at Families Matter, New Jersey, I learned quite a bit. I would spend hours with parents who did not have the skills to help themselves and children who were in crisis. This motivated me even more to finish my bachelor's degree. This experience made me realize how lucky I was to have supportive family and…
Colby, a and Kohlberg, L. (1987). The Measurement of Moral Judgment, Vol 2. Standard Issue Scoring Manual. Cambridge University Press.
Fowler, J.T., Hennesey, T. (ed.) (1976) "Stages in faith: the structural developmental approach," Values and Moral Development. New York: Paulist Press.
Harder, a.F. (2002). The developmental stages of Erik Erikson. Learning Place Online.com. Retrieved August 8, 2007 at http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson.htm .
Kohlberg, Lawrence (1973). "The claim to moral adequacy of a highest stage of moral judgment." Journal of Philosophy. 70: 630-646.
Allington's Strategies of Designing Research-Based Programs applied to a math classroom
hy can't Johnny -- or Jane, to be politically correct -- read at a grade-appropriate level? Educators have attempted to answer and remedy this question for years. In Chapter 3 of his book hat Really Matters for Struggling Readers: Designing Research-Based Programs (Longman, 2001) Richard Allington attempts to provide, concrete advice to help teachers select age and ability appropriate reading materials for their classroom and suggestions as to how to create an atmosphere conducive to reading progress for all individual students. However, an often equally vexing problem is why students struggle with mathematics -- in other words, why can't Johnny and Jane add?
Specifically, when confronted with a group of 7th and 8th grade students, a grade where students of varying abilities are often still mixed together before being 'tracked' in high school, what strategies should a teacher employ?…
Allington, Richard. (2001) What Really Matters for Struggling Readers: Designing Research-Based Programs. New York: Longman.
Stocks Quest. (2004) Online middle school stock market educational game. Retrieved 28 Jan 2005 at http://investsmart.coe.uga.edu/C001759/stocksquest/mystocks.htm
Overall, the classes were uneven in their approach. In part of the class, they were very traditional and used lecture style. In other parts of the class, they freely allowed participation among students. For example, one teacher, despite the fact that he is more disciplined with the students, uses comparisons when explaining the concepts and refers to book when giving examples on the board. The class is quiet during a short lecture. Afterwards, the notes are left on the board and the students are asked to take notes. A special student lays head on desk and asks no questions and takes no notes. However, the teacher does the first part of the homework together with the students, which is a quasi-Vygotsky approach. He does ask the students in this class more questions individually than the other class and helps this class a lot more on homework, which is also a…
Bransford, John, Brown, Ann, and Cocking, Rodney (Eds). Brain, Mind, Experience and School. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999.
Chang, Kuo-En, Sung, Yao-Ting and Chen, Ine-Dai the effect of concept mapping to enhance text comprehension and summarization. The Journal of Experimental Education (2002). 71.1, 5-23.
Hartman, H. Scaffolding & Cooperative Learning. Human Learning and Instruction (pp. 23-69). New York: City College of City University of New York, 2002.
McKenzie, Jamie. Scaffolding for Success. Beyond Technology, Questioning, Research and the Information Literate School Community. Bloomington, in: Indiana University Press, 2000.
Discussion -- Textbook approach gives a great deal of theory; value of the article is in taking the material and applying it to situations that are relevant to one's current profession and/or understanding different approaches to conflict.
Review -- the Million Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) - the MCMI is a psychological assessment tool that was written to provide information on psychopathology including specifics outlined in the DSM-IV. It is intended for adults over 18 who have at least an 8th grade reading level and who are seeking mental health services. The test was actually developed and standardizes on clinical populations in psychiatric hospitals or individuals with current existing mental health issues. The authors are quite specific about it not being used with the general population or with adolescents, as values will likely not be appropriate for extrapolation (Pearson, 2012).
History -- Published in 1977 by Theodore Millon based on his…
Million, T., et.al. (2006). MCMI-III Manual. Minneapolis, MN: Pearson.
Pearson Educational Services. (2012). The Million Clinical Multiaxial Inventory III.
Retrieved from: http://www.pearsonassessments.com/pai/ca/research/resources/faqs/MCMI-III_FAQs
Widiger, T., et.al. (1985). The MCMI and DSM-III. Journal of Personality Assessment.
general education SDAIE or Sheltered English lesson plan based on the approach described in the course Writing Effective Lesson Plan textbook in a content area of history based on both the California English Language Art Standards and English Language Development standards. This paper states appropriate goals and objectives, objectives, outcomes, rationale, describe content presentation methods, instructional strategies, learning activities, technology, assessment techniques and teaching materials.
The lesson is for an 8th grade class of world history at the ABC School. There are a total of thirty students in the class and their ages range from 13-14 years. According to the information that has been provided by the cooperating teacher there are four are English learners in the class, three are re-designated English learners while two of the students have IEP's, from among these two one has auditory memory issues and the other has ADHD.
Crawford, A.N. (2005). Communicative approaches to second language acquisition: From oral language development into the core curriculum and L2 literacy. In C.F. Leyba (ed.) Schooling and language minority students: A theoretical framework 3rd Edition (pp. 65117). Los Angeles, CA. Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, California State University, Los Angeles.
Cummins, J. (2005). Teaching the language of academic success: A framework for school-based language policies. In C.F. Leyba (ed.) Schooling and language minority students: A theoretical framework 3rd edition (pp. 3-31). Los Angeles, CA. Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, California State University, Los Angeles.
Echevarria, A., Graves, A. (2007). Sheltered content instruction: Teaching English language learners with diverse abilities. Boston, MA. Allyn and Bacon.
Genzuk, M. (2011). Specially designed academic instruction in English (SDAIE) for language minority students. Center for Multilingual, Multicultural Research Digital Papers Series. Center for Multilingual, Multicultural Research, University of Southern California. Retrieved from http://www.usc.edu/dept/education/CMMR/DigitalPapers/SDAIE_Genzuk.pdf
Preventing Dropouts Among Minority Middle School Students
The dropout rate of minority middle school students is rising. This can be contributed to a number of factors that cultivate frustration and develop low self-esteem among minority adolescent students. Middle school students already struggle with self-image issues, but when the added pressure of factors such as low literacy skills, poverty within the home, early pregnancy and low regard for education are also introduced, these students become lost in the system and develop the desire to give up or dropout thus eliminating their opportunity to break the cycle of poverty by becoming educated and obtaining higher level paying employment.
Statement of Significance
The educational sector is under pressure to meet the new federally mandated guidelines of the "No Child Left Behind" legislation. Early childhood education has previously been the focus of the national goal that every child will read by the time they…
Adam, M. (2003). Fighting the latino dropout rate. Education Digest, 6, 23-28.
Banfield, K., Johnson, P, Thomas, P., Thieroff, A. (2002). Defying latino statistics. New York
Amsterdam News, 10, 18.
Benz, M.R., Lindstrom, L., & Yovanoff, P. (2000). "Improving graduation and employment outcomes of students with disabilities: Predictive factors and student perspectives. Exceptional Children, 66(4), 509-529.
eview two separate Internet resources. In a separate document, write two or three paragraphs, per source, evaluating the resource by at least three of the following standards: age-appropriateness, the accuracy of the content, usability of the resource in the classroom, and the accommodation of different learning styles. Cite the resources you evaluated. http://www.scienceu.com/geometry/classroom/buildicosa/index.html
This resource is very good for my lesson plan because it focuses on engaging students in the actual properties of a polygon. It is age appropriate at the 8th grade level for several reasons. First it is a very sophisticated project in that the instructions for constructing this polygon is complex, therefore it takes high cognitive skills in order to build such a project. It is ambitious enough that the entire class is engaged and that at this grade level students will have enough knowledge to be both challenged in its construction while still feeling that they…
Resources section of the template in APA format.
Another lesson to be learned is the importance of reflective thinking, in which teachers and students reflect on their actions (Griffin, 2003). eflective thinking is particularly important as it ensures that people learn from their behavior, and it endows them with heightened self-awareness. For example, through reflective thinking the teachers in each of the critical incidents would understand the importance of using positive reinforcement, which has been shown to alleviate many disciplinary issues (Tulley and Chu, 1995).
Another lesson is that in addition to open communication, there must be collaborative interaction between students and teachers whereby they engage in a continuous and mutually supportive dialogue (Neale et al., 2000). Collaborative interaction resembles open communication, but is grounded in action rather than just dialogue. Implementing collaborative action would ensure that the needs of the intellectually curious students (the student in the United States history class and the one in the 8th…
Griffin, M.L. (2003). Using critical incidents to promote and assess reflective thinking in preservice teachers. Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 4(2), 207-220.
Neale, D.C., et al. (2000). Collaborative critical incident development. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Annual Meeting, 44(37), 598-601.
Tulley, M., & Chu, L.H. (1995). Student teachers and classroom discipline. The Journal of Education Research, 88(3), 164-171.
Watts, M., et al. (1997). Prompting teachers' constructive reflection: Pupils' questions as critical incidents. International Journal of Science Education, 19(9), 1025-1037.
1% greater than the Texas average.
The cost of living in Canyon is 2.6% less than the national average.
The cost of living index is based on a national average of 100.If the region shows a cost of living index that is lower than 100, it means it is living below national standard, and the reverse shows it is living above national standards. Canyon's living standard is 97, which shows that it is living below average national standards. At the same time, however, it is significantly greater than cost of living in Texas in general. Its groceries, its goods, and its transportation are one or more notches higher than Texas in general. Its housing index is considerably higher. Its utilities index is however significantly lower than Texas and certainly than the Nation as a whole. Its health care index is also slightly lower than Texas in general.
Misc. The price…
achievement of African-American students in civilian public schools vs. African-American students in the Depart of Defense (DOD) school system
The methods section of this dissertation provides the rationale for the proposed study based on my hypothesis comparing African-American students in the DOD school system with African-American students in civilian school systems.
It also highlights the key questions that were examined, how the study was conducted and the measuring criteria for analysis. The paper will provide detailed information that should be a sufficient foundation for anyone who wishes to conduct a parallel study.
This portion of the paper will provide an outline of the following:
Purpose - which will define my reason for doing this study
Background Information - will provide information on the level of measurement I have selected, i.e. The SAT scores and information on the Department of Defense (DOD) school system itself
Procedure - outlines the steps that…
Fact Sheet. The National Center for Fair and Open Testing. Cambridge, MA. August 2001.
George A. Clowes. "Defense Dept. Knows How to Operate Good Schools, Too." School Reform News. January 2002.
Defense Department Taps Distance Learning Tools. www.wtonline.com.Volume13, No.22. February
Possible Explanations in Structural Issues within the Educational Experience
The similarity in aptitude early on and the increasing academic achievement gap between black and white students thereafter would seem to suggest that the causes are most likely to be social and institutional. Among the possible factors, black children are less likely to have the benefit of a two-parent home; they are more likely to live in poorer communities with lower quality educational institutions; and they are 30% less likely to change school by their parents' choice. Unfortunately, the types of educational initiatives designed to reduce the education gap have not proven successful and to the extent their data suggest otherwise, it may be by virtue of over-reliance on the issue of "passing" instead of high achievement.
For example, the NCLB approach emphasized reducing the educational achievement gap among races by focusing on achieving proficiency in academic skills considered to be…
As a result, the variables that can be extracted from this information, is that there needs to be a wide variety of solutions made available to educators. At the same time, there must be more support in helping them to reach out to these students. Once this occurs, it will provide the greatest amounts of learning comprehension. This helps to make the Action Research Project more effective by: understanding how this can improve the student's grasp of the materials and what are the underlying weaknesses in using this technology. (Zimmerman, 2009, pp. 3356 -- 3362)
This resource that was written by Freeman (2008) is significant, because it is highlighting how using technology to teach English language learners can improve the overall amounts of learning comprehension. The reason why, is because a host of different ideas are being presented in format that is using the various language skills of the student…
Black, R. (2009). English Language Learners, Fan Communities and 21st Century Skills. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy. 52 (8), 668 -- 697.
Freeman, B. (2008). Creating a Middle School Mathematics Curriculum. Remedial and Special Education. 29 (1), 9 -- 19.
Lopez, O. (2010). The Digital Learning Classroom. Computers and Education. 54 (4), 901 -- 915.
Moore, S. (2009). Uses of Technology in the Instruction of Adult English Language Learners. Centers for Applied Linguistics. 1 -- 4.
Classroom-based reading assessment is the measurement of children's progress in learning reading by using both formal and informal measurement tools.
Classroom assessment collects useful information about what students do and do not know about reading. Teachers can use four different types of assessments to accomplish this.
Leveled books can be used to figure out where exactly a student is in terms of reading level.
Rough observation and measurement can be used to figure out where exactly students are in terms of reading level.
Tests can be administered to find out where students' strengths and weaknesses are.
Collecting samples of a student's work can be instructive in figuring out where a student is in terms of reading level
Determining Student's Reading Level
Teachers must figure out where students are in terms of reading level so that they can progress in their learning…
Finally, efficiency is te fourt area of te evaluation. Efficiency is an important area to consider because it allows students te optimum level of education and understanding witout eiter oversimplifying to te level tat tey lose interest, or overburdening so tat students feel tere is too muc material to cover. Efficiency measures ow muc necessary and unnecessary information is included witin te lesson, and quality materials contain very little unnecessary information. Anoter aspect of efficiency is weter or not a sufficient number of examples and practice problems were included witin te lesson itself. Finally, efficiency implies tat te lessons provided witin te material will actually elp tem in understanding te material.
B) te objective for Mat 8t grade level tat I will pursue is understanding of polygons witin geometry and ow tey function.
ttp://www.scienceu.com/geometry/classroom/buildicosa/index.tml would not ultimately use tis as part of my lesson plan because of several reasons.…
http://www.scienceu.com/geometry/classroom/buildicosa/index.html would not ultimately use this as part of my lesson plan because of several reasons. While the procedures of this project is very unique in that it allows students to interact with the project, it does a poor job of conveying the actual objective of the course material. Since building such a polygon requires a significant amount of time, rather than being a tool to facilitate learning, the building and hands on nature of this project actually becomes the bulk of the educational experience. Thus students have a great time during the construction but do not gain an understanding of the course material. Thus this is an inefficient use of class time and does not meet the design and efficiency standards of the evaluation. http://www.scienceu.com/geometry/articles/tiling/index.html
This following exercise also focuses on the importance of geometric design and formulation of shapes. However, it lacks a specific focus and attempts to teach too much in a given timeperiod. There are many different things to analyze when concerning tiles within geometry therefore this lesson plan is a little too complicated. However, it does allow students to interact with its model and develop an interest in learning more about the geometric problems presented in this analysis. Overall I would recommend this project. http://www.scienceu.com/geometry/activities/tetrapuzzles/index.html
This exercise is the best of the three reviewed because it meets almost all of the criteria of the material evaluation. Not only does it present a simple and clear concept, how a cube is made and the geometric properties of this polygon, but more importantly it does not take a significant amount of time. It emphasizes the point but does not belabor it and thus allows students to understand and interact without making the exercise redundant and too complicated. This will arouse interest, but clearly emphasize the lesson plan.
The most obvious benefit is that participants will approach the use of technology more thoughtfully in their practice -- and potentially change some of their technology-dependent behaviors and resistance to technology.
b. Describe what new information may be learned from this research
The study is designed to explore the barriers and incentives related to the use of technology in the social work practice.
c. Describe incentives to encourage individuals to participate in this research (including monetary or other compensation, thank you gifts, course or other academic credit, lotteries, etc.)
Participants will be sent a thank you gift in the form of a Starbucks gift card.
d. Describe costs (time, monetary or other) for participants in this research
The only expenditure of resources for participants is time.
e. Describe potential harms or discomforts (physical, psychological, social) for participants in this research
o potential harms have been identified for participants in this…
Ethics comprises of an intricate set of principles, morals and institutional outlines that standardize scientific activity. Educational and social researchers face complex challenges occasionally, when they encounter the conflict of their legal and moral responsibility towards protection of their participants on one hand, and maintaining the standards, criteria of quality and significance of research on the other hand. Although, the research design or findings does not always restrained or deteriorated by ethical principles. At times, ethics are supportive in enhancing the quality of research, while some other times it's not. Additionally, researchers "bear a special responsibility for protecting the interests of vulnerable groups throughout the research process" (Tangen, 2014, p. 678).
At all times, educational practitioners have realized the weighed down value of education and that the quality of education rests on ethical standards. The consciousness of educational researchers regarding the ethical dimensions of their research is increasing day by…
Abed, M. G. (2014-2015). A Consideration to Two Main Ethical Issues in Educational Research, And How May These Be Addressed. i-manager's Journal on Educational Psychology, 8(3),1-14.
Comer, S. K. (2009). The Ethics of Conducting Educational Research on Your Own Students. Journal of Nursing Law, 13(4), 100-105. doi: 10.1891/1073-74126.96.36.199
Dooly, D. L. (2013). Academic Achievement in Arkansas High Schools Based on the Implementation Level of a Teacher Advisory Program. Retrieved 1 July 2016 from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/305027410?pq-origsite=summon
ESRC. (2015). ESRC Framework for Research Ethics. Retrieved 1 July 2016 from http://www.esrc.ac.uk/files/funding/guidance-for-applicants/esrc-framework-for-research-ethics-2015/
Chicago Public Schools (CPS) is also referred to as the City of Chicago School District Number 299, for the purposes of funding provisions. In particular, this is the 4th biggest school district in the United States (Chicago Public Schools, 2016). Chicago Public Schools (CPS) is a massive system that consists of primary schools, secondary schools and disability schools restricted to the boundaries of Chicago City. Moreover, this enormous system is the second biggest employer in Chicago. Majority of the schools within the Chicago district, irrespective of what school level it is, have attendance borders confining student admission to within a certain area. A school may possibly choose to enroll students beyond its attendance borders, if there is space in its classrooms or if it has a magnet cluster program (Chicago Public Schools, 2016). In the past school year, Chicago Public Schools' report indicated that its administration included a total of…
Chicago Public Schools. (2016). CPS Stats and Facts. Retrieved 22 February 2016 from: http://www.cps.edu/About_CPS/At-a-glance/Pages/Stats_and_facts.aspx
Chicago Public Schools. (2016). Language and Cultural Education. Retrieved 22 February 2016 from: http://cps.edu/Pages/DualLanguagePrograms.aspx#
DeJong, E. (2011). Foundations for Multilingualism in Education: from Principle to Practices. Caslon Publishing ISBN: 978-1-9340000-06-9.
Diez, V., & Karp, F. (2013). Two-Way Bilingual Education in Boston Public Schools: Required Features, Guidelines and Recommendations.
Exposure to the Arts on Academic Performance
On K-8 Students
The purpose of this work is to research and examine the connection to and effect upon the academic performance of K-8 students who are provided the opportunity to exposure to the arts.
Certainly the connection between violence on television and increased violence among teenagers has been documented as well as other influences in the surrounding environment that influence and impact individuals in the adolescent years. There also must be influences and exposures that affect adolescent aged individuals in a positive manner that assists them in their growth and assists as well through positive influence the academic performance of the adolescent individual. It is the contention of this work in research that exposure to the arts is a positive influence on the academic performance of K-8 students.
The method of research in this work will be through review of relevant…
Fritsche 2004 Vision Report [Online available at: http://www2.milwaukee.k12. wi.us/fritsche/vision04.htm] Retrieved from the Internet 09-10-2005
Art Students Outperform Non-Arts Students: Average Points Better on SAT Scores [Online available at: http://ww3.artsusa.org/pdf/get_involved/advocacy/research/sat.pdf] Retrieved from the Internet 09-10-2005
Catherall (1998) Involvement in the Arts and Success in Secondary School -- The UCLA Imagination Project, Graduate School Education and Information Studies, UCLA, Americans for the Arts Monograph, January, 1998.
YouthARTS Development Project (1990) U.S. Department National Endowment for the Arts, and Americans for the Arts.
Kornienko, O., Santos, C. E., Martin, C. L., & Granger, K. L. (2016). Peer influence on gender identity development in adolescence. Developmental psychology, 52(10), 1578.
I. Statement of the Problem
a. Research Topic
The topic of the research is the impact of peer influence on the development of gender identity amongst adolescents
b. Research Question and Hypothesis
The article investigates peer influence on gender identity through the use of panel data on gender identity and friendship networks gathered from students in the 7th and 8th grade from an ethnically diverse public middle school. The main hypothesis of the study is that adolescents would alter their gender identity self-concepts to become akin to their friends and that such effects would take place even when network selection impacts were controlled. The second hypothesis of the study is that stronger peer influence effects on between-gender dimensions of gender identity than within-gender dimensions of…
School Choice Program
This study aimed to determine the impact of school choice through a comparative study of two private schools, which serve primarily, or exclusively African-American students, and a public school.
Data in student achievement in math and reading and data on student attendance were used to determine the impact of choosing a school. Qualitative data derived from interviews with administrators and faculty as well as classroom observation were used to provide additional insight regarding the intellectual climate of the two private schools and the public school.
The focus of this study was on mathematics and reading in middle school students in both public and private schools in Milwaukee, as well as the focus of reform in the state -- reading in Michigan, writing in Vermont and California. This approach enabled me to adequately address my research questions and prove or disprove my hypotheses.
To begin, I conducted structured…
Brown, Andrew (1995). Organizational Culture. London: Pitman Publishing.
Dianda, Marcella. Corwin, Ronald. (February 1993). What a Voucher Could Buy: A Survey of California's Private Schools. Far West Lab for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, California and Southwest Regional Lab Survey Results.
Fuller, Bruce. (1995). Who Gains, Who Loses from School Choice: A Research Summary. ERIC Document Reproduction Services No. ED385928.
Greene, Jay. Peterson, Paul. Du, Jiangtao. (1997). Effectiveness of School Choice: The Milwaukee Experiment. Occasional Paper 97, Program in Education Policy and Governance Center for American Political Studies, Department of Government, Harvard University.
S. were "proficient in reading and math," Pytel explains. These statistics "loudly states that students entering high school" are simply not prepared, Pytel goes on. Moreover, U.S. students do not fare well on the international educational stage. At a time when globalization has brought much closer linkage between cultures, economies, and countries, American school children are lagging behind. The justification for focusing on strategies to keep children interested in school -- and to help them succeed in school -- is to be found in the fact that U.S. students' average scores are very poor in comparison to other students internationally.
To wit, according to the 2003 data from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) (in cooperation with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD), 15-year-old American students rank 24th out of 38 countries in science. U.S. students rank 12th of 38 countries in reading, and 26th of 38…
American School Counselor Association. (2010). Why Middle School Counselors. Retrieved January 20, 2011, from http://www.schoolcounselor.org/content.asp?contentid=231 .
Barlow, Sally H., Fuhriman, Addie J., and Burlingame, Gary M. (2004). The History of Group
Counseling and Psychotherapy. In J.L. DeLucia-Waack (Ed), Handbook of Group
Counseling and Psychotherapy (pp. 4-18). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
In grade four white males performing "At or Above asic" math skills is stated at 90% while black males were performing at only 59% "At or Above asic" skill levels. White males in the "At or Above Proficient" skills level is stated at 49% with black males in this category stated at a mere 13%.
The following labeled Figure 2 shows the statistical report of NAEP (2005) in relation to achievement differences among African-American and White American males.
NAEP STATISTICAL REPORT: Minority Male Achievement Gaps Relative to White Males, Grade 4, 2005
Source: NAEP STATISTICAL REPORT (2005)
y the time these students reach 8th grade white males "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" totals 76% while only 43% of the African-American males are "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" the negative value in the Achievement Gap of African-American Males as relative to White Males indicates that a lower percentage of…
Henry, Ardail Rashad (2005) Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement in African-American Students with Learning Disabilities. July 2005 School or Education Curriculum and Instruction, Special Education, Williamsburg VA. Online available at http://www.wm.edu/education/599/05Projects/Henry_599.pdf
David, James Earl (2006) Early Schooling and Academic Achievement of African-American Males. Abstract. Sage Publications. Online available at http://uex.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/38/5/515
Babco, Eleanor (2004) Uphill Climb: the Status of African-Americans in Science and Engineering. Making Strides. Online available at http://ehrweb.aaas.org/mge/Reports/Report1/Uphill.html .
McMillian, Monique M. (2003-2004) Is No Child Left Behind 'Wise Schooling' for African-American Male Students?" published in the High School Journal - Volume 87, Number 2 in December 2003-January 2004, and on pages 25-33.
(Siziya, Muula, and Rudatsikira, 2007)
The following labeled Figure 1 shows the factors associated with truancy among adolescents in the study conducted and reported in the work of Siziya, Muula, and Rudatsikira (2007)
Factors associated with truancy among adolescents in Swaziland
Factor or (95% CI)*
Schooling (years) to 8 to 11
Most of the times or always
Number of times bullied or 2
Most students kind and helpful
Most of the times
Parents checked homework
Most of the times
Parents understood problems
Most of the times
Most of the times
or (95%CI)* adjusted for all the factors in the model
Siziya et al. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 2007 1:15 doi:10.1186/1753-2000-1-15
Source: Siziya, Muula, and Rudatsikira (2007)
The work of Stanton et al. (2004) entitled: "Randomized Trial of a Parent Intervention" states that while "numerous interventions have been demonstrated…
Cookston, Jeffrey T. (1999) Parental Supervision and Family Structure: Effects on Adolescent Problem Behaviors. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, Vol. 32(1/2) 1999
Stanton, Bonita et al. (2004) Randomized Trial of a Parent Intervention: Parents Can Make a Difference in Long-Term Adolescent Risk Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 158:947-955. Online available at http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/158/10/947
Redd, Zakia; Brooks, Jennifer; and McGarvey, Ayelish (nd) Background for Community-level Work on Educational Adjustment, Achievement and Attainment in Adolescence: Reviewing the Literature on Contributing Factors. Child Trends.
Carter, Rebecca (2000) Parental Involvement With Adolescents' Education: Do Daughters or Sons Get More Help? Journal of Adolescence, Spring 2000. Online available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_137_35/ai_62958274/print
while the parents were asked to complete the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS). This helped the researchers obtain information regarding the behavioral abnormalities, hyperactivity, inattention, ADHD, etc.
Statistical analysis of the gathered information clearly revealed an increase in inattentive behavior (p ? 0.001 for both Internet and console video games) and ADHD (p = 0.018 and 0.020 for console and Internet games, respectively). The researchers also concluded that students who engaged in video gaming for more than an hour showed significantly lower academic performance with (Grade point average (GPA), p = 0.019 and 0.009 for console and Internet games, respectively). The association between the time spent on playing video games and the YIAS (p < 0.001), was clearly evident indicating the development of video game addiction among the subjects who played for more than one hour daily [Philip and Terry, (2006)]. This study shows that children playing video games may…
1) Online Education, 'Video game Statistics' Accessed Mar 26th 2010, available at, http://www.onlineeducation.net/videogame/
2) NIMF, 'Effects of Video game playing on Children', Accessed Mar 26th 2010, available at, http://www.mediafamily.org/facts/facts_effect.shtml
3) Jerald J. Block, M.D., 'Issues for DSM-V: Internet Addiction', Am J. Psychiatry
165:306-307, Mar 2008, Available online at, http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/165/3/306
These include: question/answer, lecture, demonstration, discussion, individual student projects, laboratory, technological activities, and supervised practice. Previous research has demonstrated that the use of informal knowledge, real world settings and opportunities to apply mathematical thinking are effective instruction methods for introductory algebra. For this reason, instructional factors are related to achievement in algebra (p. 102).
When comparing the test scores from Japan and the United States, House and Telese (2008) found a correlations between positive beliefs in the student's mathematical ability and their test scores. Those who believed they could do well in math performed better than those who expressed a negative opinion about their skills, when compared to their peers. In addition, students who worked problems on their own had higher test scores. This supports Silver's (1998) analysis that much of the reason why American students have poorer test scores than their international peers is due to the classroom instructional…
Falco, L., Crethar, H. & Bauman, S. (Apr 2008). "Skill-builders: Improving middle school students' self-beliefs for learning mathematics." Professional School Counseling, 11(4). p. 229-235.
House, D. & Telese, J. (Feb 2008). "Relationships between student and instructional factors and algebra achievement of students in the United States and Japan: An analysis of TIMSS 2003 data." Educational Research & Evaluation, 14(1). p. 101-112.
Silver, E. (Mar 1998). Improving mathematics in middle school. Lessons from TIMSS and related research. Retrieved December 14, 2010, from http://www2.ed.gov/inits/Math/silver.html .
One of the most damaging results of the NCLB program was the way that many schools began focusing on standardized test preparation through drilling instead of on substantive academic subjects (Sonnenblick, 2008). In many states, educators began devoting inappropriate amounts of time to preparing students to perform well on the state-wide tests while neglecting their primary academic purpose of teaching. Unfortunately, the increased attention to reading, writing, and arithmetic necessarily reduced the amount of time available for other subjects; it also increased reliance on passive learning, rote memorization, and testing mechanics (Sonnenblick, 2008).
Meanwhile, the weight of contemporary educational research suggests that the exact opposite approach to education is what is necessary to increase student interest and achievement in school. Namely, the key to improving modern education lies in expanding the range of subject matter and the spectrum of human cognitive intelligence beyond the traditional narrow focus on linguistic intelligence…
Crawford J. (2004). No Child Left Behind: Misguided Approach to School
Accountability for English Language Learners. National Association for Bilingual Education. Retrieved January 24, 2010, from:
Darling-Hammond L. "NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's
The event I will write about took place at a lake near our house. It was summer and I had finished middle school and was heading into high school in the fall. Before describing the incident at the lake, I should explain something about my middle school experiences, because they relate to the incident at the lake.
During middle school I had been shoved on occasion and verbally taunted by a couple bullies in the schoolyard a few times a week. In my 7th grade experience and in my 8th grade experience I had been part of a little group of friends that was the target of these bullies. We were physically threatened and verbally harassed once or twice a week. The students I was in a group with were creative kids, taking part in plays, writing and reciting poetry, and two of my friends were strong Christians and…
The other 48 have their own standards and only 2/3 of them require, according to the 2010 report of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education. This report said that almost 2/3 of high school students do not get enough exercise and more than a third watch TV for at least 3 hours a day. The report recommends students to perform PE or at least an hour each day, 150 minutes a week for elementary-age students, and 225 minutes for middle and high school students. Washington State schools are required 100 minutes of PE per week in the first to 8th grades. However, they are not required daily recess or a report card for each school. It also recommends that PE classes be handled by certified and licensed PE teachers. ut this is not always complied with. In 2010, parents sued the school board for allowing non-certified specialists to…
CDC (2011). Overweight and obesity. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity: National Center for Chronic Disease, Prevention and Health Promotion.
Retrieved on April 13, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/stateprograms/fundedstates/washington.html
-. Strategies and solutions. Retrieved on April 14, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/solutions.html
- (2010). National obesity trends. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System
An effort to improve the quality of education for all students and to ensure that no child is left behind, Massachusetts advocates, parents and educators of the Coalition for Authentic eform in Education (CAE) have proposed, House Bill 3660 for the reform of the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAST) test.
The high rate of high school dropouts and gaps in achievement among cultures and economic levels has suggested an evaluation of Massachusetts current testing system. Massachusetts has experienced a drop-out rate of approximately 10,000 students per year over the last decade with the highest numbers among the Hispanic, African-American, low-income families, students with learning disabilities and language barriers.
This paper will illustrate the effect of high-stake test and student achievement. It will look at the current MCAST, the need for reform and the underlining challenges to provide equal and quality education to for children.
Cantave, Alix Ph.D.; Holmes, Cheryl Ph.D.; and Lewis, Barbara Ph.D., "The Race Gap:
Education of Black Youth in Boston" (2007).
Trotter Institute Publications. Paper 1. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from http://scholarworks.umb.edu/trotter_pubs/1
Briefing: The End of MCAS (May 24, 2010).WBJournal. Retrieved February 9, 2011,
Millions of dollars are spent on test-prep manuals, books, computer programs and worksheets (Gluckman, 2002). Static/captive learning can help teachers around the nation prepare their students for standardized testing.
Significance of the Study to Leadership
A principal is the leader of the campus. The challenge for the principal is to know his or her district's mandated curriculum and make sure teachers are able to deliver it (Shipman & Murphy, 2001). As the key decision-maker for the use of time and space, principals must be aware of how the use of time and space affects instruction. Principals need to know how best to use assessment data based on relevant content standards with teachers, school communities. Improved student learning is always the focus of assessment.
ecause of high stakes testing, teachers are always assessing to monitor student progress and plan the scope and sequence of instruction. Principals can work to structure school…
Anglin, Gary J., Vaez, Hossein, and Cunningham, Kathryn L. (nd) Visual Representations and Learning: The Role of Static and Animated Graphics. Visualization and Learning. Online available at: http://www.aect.org/edtech/33.pdf
Arnold, T.C., & Dwyer, F.M. (1975). Realism in visualized instruction. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 40, 369 -- 370.
de Melo, H.T. (1981). Visual self-paced instruction and visual testing in biological science at the secondary level (Doctoral dissertation, Pennsylvania State University, 1980). Dissertation Abstracts International, 41, 4954A.
Dwyer, F.M. (1969). The effect of varying the amount of realistic detail in visual illustrations designed to complement programmed instruction. Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 6, 147 -- 153.
Academic Profile of Home Schooling - a Case Study
Home Schooling vs. Traditional Educational Methods
Home Schooling Methodology
Focus of the Practicum
Area of Inquiry
Home Schooling as an Alternative
Curricula and Materials Used for Home Schooling
The Success of Home Schooling
Conditions for Change
Maryland: A Legal Analysis
State Laws and Regulations - Maryland
Goulart and Travers vs. Calvert County
Home-schooled Kids Find Social Growth"
Home Schoolers in the Trenches"
Home School Academic Advantage Increases Over Time"
Home Schooling." ERIC Digest, Number 95.
The Academic Profile of Home Schoolers
The focus of this applied dissertation proposal is to examine and analyze home school families' academic environment, the institutional materials they use, and to gain an understanding of their academic success.
Prince George's County Public School System is the nineteenth largest school system in the nation with a…
Buchanan, Jim (1984). Home Instruction: A Growing Alternative to Public Schools. Monticello, IL.
Lande, Nancy (2000). Home school Open House: Interviews with 55 Home schooling Families. Bozeman, MT
Waring, Bill and Diane (1999). Emerald Books: A look back on what they learned along the way by veteran home schooling parents of varying approaches.
Edgar Hoover, makes public its continuing investigation into the activities of black nationalist organizations, singling out the Black Panther Party in particular, Hoover viewing the group as a national security threat.
January 05, 1970
Blacks Move Out of Inner Cities: The Bureau of Census statistics show as the quality of life in poverty-stricken urban communities worsens, a continuous stream of middle-class blacks escape to higher-income neighborhoods and suburbs.
February 13, 1970
First Black Member of the New York Stock Exchange: Joseph L. Searles III becomes the first African-American to become a member of the New York Stock Exchange, starting his training as a floor partner with the firm of Newberger, Leob & Company.
June 16, 1970
Gibson Elected Mayor of Newark, New Jersey: Kenneth A. Gibson was elected mayor of Newark, New Jersey on this date. He also became the first Black president of the Conference of U.S. Mayors during…
African-American male unemployment: Robert Carmona. (2007). Congressional Testimony.
Retrieved May 12, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P135839035.html
Algernon Austin. (2008, January 18). What a recession means for black America. EPI Issue Brief
#241. Retrieved May 13, 2009 from http://www.epi.org/publications/entry/ib241/
Learning a language: Gaining fluency in a language to be free
The acquisition of language is never a culturally neutral process. When someone learns his or her first or even a second language, that individual also acquires a status in the eyes of the world, based upon how that language is perceived. The race of the speaker, his or her perceived level of education, gender, and race all interact with the stereotypes that exist in the gazer's mind. In Christine Marin's essay "Spanish Lessons," Marin chronicles how her unsteadiness in Spanish did not initially bother her, given the fact that she grew up in a society that prized whiteness. Gradually, as she grew older and her attitude towards her heritage changed, her lack of fluency in her native tongue became a burden. Similarly, Malcolm X was forced to grapple with his complex relationship with the English language. On one hand,…
She took roll quietly and quickly based on a seating chart. She never turned her back on the class but rather she made eye contact with every student and walked around the room handing out an assignment sheet. She announced that this was a take-home assignment but they should begin working on it in class "right now." As she worked her way around the room to check on each student personally, she never turned her back but always continued looking around, scanning the room for problems. The assignment was to write about "Why the Emancipation Proclamation Changed America." Students raised their hands when they had a question, and they got right to work.
What were the primary differences between the two teachers? The first teacher did not have control over his classroom. Students can tell if a teacher is confident and assured or not, and it was obvious that the…
family tree of the writer. The writer details his family's routes through immigration to America from Germany and the trail of building a new life based on that immigration.
To look at my family today, one might assume that my relatives traveled over on the Mayflower and broke bread at the first Thanksgiving feats, but that is not the case. The true story of my family lies in the success that we have had in acclimating to the wonders of America in only three generations.
My family was among the hundreds of thousands of families that flocked to the states years ago to seek their fortune and begin a new life in the land of opportunity. My father's family hailed from Germany, while my mother's family was of Dutch decent in Holland. When the VonNess family came through Ellis Island from Germany they were prepared to whatever it took to…
Looping on at-isk Children
eview of the Literature
Instruments and Materials
F. Design and Procedures
G. Data Analysis
EFFECTS OF LOOPING ON AT-ISK CHILDEN
This chapter will introduce the educational process of looping, as well as evaluate the benefits that looping can have on students. It will also address the individual needs of at-risk children, and explain how looping effects these children.
Looping, which is also known as multiyear teaching or multiyear placement, occurs when teachers are promoted with their students to the next grade level, staying with the same group of children for two or three years.
For example, in a looping situation, the teacher would teach a class of first grade students and then remain with those students another year as their second grade teacher. At the end of the second grade, the same teacher would return to first grade to teach a new…
Milburn, Dennis (1981). "A Study of Multi-Age or Family Grouped Classrooms." Phi Delta Kappan, 62. 513-514.
Haslinger, John, Patricia Kelly and Leonard O'Hare (1996). "Countering Absenteeism,
Anonymity and Apathy." Educational Leadership, 54. 47.
Hampton, Federick M., Dawne Mumford and Lloyd Bond. "Enhancing Urban
This report is about my visit to the Roberto Clemente Middle School in Paterson, New Jersey. The visit was conducted on April 4th, in the afternoon. It was rainy. Paterson is a densely-populated urban area, and the school is in an urban neighborhood.
The visit was conducted by Dr. Goldman, who indicated that there was some issue that day where the students were scheduled to take a district test called Parcc but the system was down so that test had to be rescheduled.
This school caters to an ethnically diverse community. Dr. Goldman estimated that around 90% of the students speak another language at home, and use English mostly for school. The students are provided with bilingual classes in some case. The area is underprivileged, and most of the students receive a school lunch and breakfast. The school also provides what was termed "full service" for around 75…
For example, do middle school girls have a stronger connection because of the "presence of multiple female models" in elementary and middle school environments? He wonders too if the reason boys' lower feelings of connectedness in his study relate to findings in other studies that boys "suffer more distinct academic declines in the transition to middle school" (p. 106).
hat I liked about this article: I found in my own experience that boys do feel more connected when they begin high school than girls do. Akos suggests that boys may have a less intense concern about social and academic issues entering high school than girls. This was true in my high school experience, and I smiled when I read the data in this section.
hat I learned from this assignment. It was interesting to review the data regarding the difficulties that Latino students have as they enter middle school and…
Akos, Patrick, and Galassi, John P. (2004). Gender and Race as Variables in Psychosocial
Adjustments to Middle and High School. The Journal of Educational Research, 98(2), 102-
CELCAT, though, is just one of dozens of vendos competing in the class scheduling softwae industy as well as many open souces options that ae fee of chage, and the thousands of colleges and univesities that have undetaken the selection pocess have done so lagely without the benefit of a set of best pactices that can be used fo this pupose. As a esult, it is easonable to suggest that many of these educational institutions failed to ealize the full spectum of benefits that can accue to the effective use of class scheduling softwae applications based on an inappopiate selection o intenal factos that constained its implementation and use. Theefoe, it just makes good business sense to identify how these educational institutions can appoach the selection pocess and what factos need to be taken into account in identifying the most appopiate softwae choice.
Oveview of Study
This study used a…
Reporting and Printing
1. Week - shows the timetable of the whole week (days x lessons) for the selected object type. For example, if Teacher is selected, all teachers' timetables are shown on one screen. The X axis will contain the teachers' names and the Y axis the days and the lessons.
2. Day - shows the timetable of one day for the selected object type. For example, if Group is selected, all groups' timetables are shown on one screen for the selected day. The X axis will contain the groups' names and the Y axis the lessons of the day (see graphic below).
3. Personal - shows a personal weekly timetable of the selected object. For example, if Room is selected, shows the timetable of the selected room for the whole week. The X axis contains the day names, and the Y axis the lessons.
Direct Instruction: The Effect on Special Education Students
Direct Instruction Overview
Direct instruction is an increasingly popular and supported education technique that has been utilized for several years. Direct instruction has historically been used as a method of instruction for special education students (Goral, 2001). Many educators have claimed that direct instruction has helped students regardless of their learning capability or any defined learning disabilities (Goral, 2001). Direct instruction is based on the idea that a teacher led classroom that involves active participation and well choreographed lesson plans and learning instruments is a more effective learning environment than a less involved or student led learning situation.
Kozloff (2002) a firm proponent of direct instruction suggests that it provides an effective method for instruction by helping students learn to organize and activate knowledge. Further Kozloff suggests that direct instruction shifts the emphasis of teaching to mastering and acquiring proficiency of tasks…
Allington, R.L. (2001). "Research on reading/learning disability interventions." In A.
Farstrup & S.J. Samuels (Eds.), What research says about reading instruction, 3rd ed. Newark: International Reading Association.
Boyd-Zaharias, J., & Pate-Bain, H. (1998). Teacher aides and student learning: Lessons from Project STAR. Arlington: Educational Research Service.
Beard, L.A. & Harper, C. (2002). Student perceptions of online and campus instruction."
Applying a Literacy Framework to Career Decisions ased on Language Development.
PROPOSAL SECTION 1: ACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
For a while now, a new outlook on literacy, as well as learning processes using which literacy may be acquired, is seen to be emerging. A broad range of educational disciplines has influenced this latest outlook on literacy and its instruction. The perspective is not a collection of old ideas presented under a different name, but instead, denotes a profound move from the traditional text-driven approach to literacy, to one that involves active text transformation (Hiebert, 2014). I am an educator for ELLs (English Language Learners), and I believe the proposed literacy framework will prove immensely valuable in preparing the ELL professionals for future prospects. It can potentially aid my school district and school design a sound career-based plan for the ELL students. The influence on my school will also be very profound;…
Brozek, E., & Duckworth, D. (n.d.). Supporting English Language Learners through Technology. Educator's Voice. Vol. 4. Retrieved from: https://www.nysut.org/~/media/Files/NYSUT/Resources/2011/March/Educators%20Voice%204%20Technology/edvoiceIV_ch2.pdf
Butler, G., Heslup, S., & Kurth, L. (2015). A Ten-Step Process for Developing Teaching Units. ENGLISH TEACHING FORUM. Retrieved from: https://americanenglish.state.gov/files/ae/resource_files/02_etf_53-3_2_butler_heslup_kurth.pdf
Lacina, J. (Winter 2004). Promoting language acquisitions: Technology and English language learners. Childhood Education, 81(2), 113-115.
Rioux, R. (2009). English Language Learners and the Development of the English Language Learner Curriculum. All Regis University Theses.
(Helium Entertainment, 2010)
I have been raised with music around me throughout my life. My family is musically associated. My grandfather used to write simple and intricate pieces. However he does not copyright them. Further my grandmother usually performed. She still sings several songs for several hours and plays piano daily. My dad used to play trumpet for a long time and my mom has tried each instrument that can be imagined including accordion and bagpipes. I dwelled into the game at an early age, performing with my grandmother, learning and playing piano with grandfather, learning about various songs from my mother and always developing upon the notes in the piano. While in 2nd grade most of the students in my class had the opportunity for playing recorder. During 3rd grade I initiated playing cello. Later I moved to New York where to my misfortune, the music department of my…
Enotes. (2010) "Topic: What is the importance of music in your life?" Retrieved 25 August
2010 from http://www.enotes.com/arts/group/discuss/what-importance-music-your-life-79039
Helium Entertainment. (2010) "The importance of music in our lives" Retrieved 25
August 2010 from http://www.helium.com/items/198781-the-importance-of-music-in-our-lives
Private vs. Public Schools
Many parents find themselves caught in a dilemma when trying to decide on which choice of education to take for their children. They ask themselves whether to take their children to private schools or public schools. For a parent to choose the ideal school for their children they always have to take into consideration all the available options. They consider things like the cost of the school, how much time they will invest as a parent, the social impact that the school have on their children based on the specific need of their children as well as the family.
Private schools offer the best option for the parent who is in need of better and quality education for their children. Private schools have a nearly perfect graduation rates which market them a great deal. Their performance is better as compared to the public schools. This is…
Mary Elizabeth, (2012). "Public Schools vs. Private Schools."Accessed May 10, 2012 from http://www.educationbug.org/a/public-schools-vs . -- private-schools.html
Parents For Better Education America (2011). "What Every Parent Should Know About Private Schools vs. Public Schools," ASIN: B004R9QKL8. Binding: Kindle Edition. Accessed May 10, 2012 from http://education.mitrasites.com/public-education-vs.-private-education.html
The Council for American Private Education. (2010). Private School Facts. Accessed May 10, 2012 from http://www.capenet.org/facts.html
The Council for American Private Education. (2003). Academic Performance 2003. Accessed May 10, 2012 from http://www.capenet.org/Outlook/Out9-03.html#Story5
Road to Independence
Independent Living Programs for Juvenile Offenders
Juvenile crime is a major problem in contemporary America. Murder, rape, assault, and crimes against property are a part of everyday life for many teens. Incarceration can both punish and reeducate. The offender learns that antisocial behaviors have consequences. He also learns that there are other ways to deal with his problems, and other ways to make a living. Such attempts at reform are all well and good within the closed world of the juvenile detention center or the sheriff's boot camp, but the day must come when these youths are returned to society. Reintegration into the outside world can be both good and bad for the juvenile offender. For those who return to loving homes, the process can represent the completion of the reform process. However, many teens have no loving homes to which they can go, no caring parents…
Florida Department of Juvenile Justice. (2002). Intervention Program Models. Intervention Services Manual. URL: http://www.djj.state.fl.us/reference/manuals/intervention/ch-model-5.htm
2. HomeBase. (March 23, 2001). Homeless Youth and the Connection to Foster Care.
Homeless Youth. URL:
Uniforms in Catholic Schools
This topic has increased in relevance during this particular time frame since St. Cyril's was recently allowed in the athletic league known as the East Bay Athletic Association (EBAA), in which it regularly encounters other Catholic school teams in friendly sports competition. This fact, and others, has contributed to the stark contrast between St. Cyril's and other Catholic schools which largely takes the form of the fact that the former is one of the only Catholic schools in the East Bay (and certainly within the aforementioned league) to not mandate the wearing of uniforms for its students. Traditionally, the two partisan sides related to this argument are that most of the students want to preserve the status quo and not wear school uniforms, while certain administrators -- including faculty, staff, and a growing number of parents -- are voicing their concern that uniforms should be required.…
Student counselors are can organize a student led drug abuse prevention committee and create awareness among the adolescent children. Study results have confirmed the positive value of such student led programs in preventing the malice of drug abuse. It has also been found that multiyear preventive programs have long lasting positive effects that short-term programs. . Programs such as 'Friendly Persuasion', 'Life skills Training', 'Midwestern Prevention Project' which were implemented in schools had a considerable measure of success in reducing drug abuse and in delaying the onset of drinking.[155-158]. Student counselors have to interact with teachers, social workers, health care professionals and other community-based groups to workout and implement student activity programs that can be run by adolescents.
4) by providing a positive developmental environment at school the student counselor optimizes the chances of a student succeeding in his overall development. As Pittman states, "Adolescents who are merely problem-free are…
CBASSE, "Community Programs to Promote Youth Development (2002)"
National Academy Press, Available Online at, http://books.nap.edu/books/0309072751/html/R1.html#pagetop
Michael Eisner: A Lesson in Leadership
Men make history, and not the other way around. In periods where there is no leadership, society stands still. Progress occurs when courageous, skillful leaders seize the opportunity to change things for the better.
Harry S. Truman (1884-1972)
In 1964, NBC clerk Michael Eisner made $65 a week. Though he only took one business course in his life, he obviously had a proclivity for business: in 1997, as CEO of Disney, Eisner earned over half a billion dollars. With absolutely no foundation in finance, he averted a Disney takeover when he became chairman in 1984 and by May 1998 he earned over $80 billion for Disney stockholders.
Eisner went to boarding school in Lawrenceville, New Jersey in the 8th grade. "I had always breezed through academically at Allen-Stevenson (my previous school), where I was used to being a leader in…
Capodagli, Bill, et al. (1999). The Disney Way. Hightstown, NJ: McGraw-Hill Publishing.
Connellan, Thomas K. (1997). Inside the Magic Kingdom: Seven Keys to Disney's Success.: Bard Press.
Eisner, Michael, et al. (1998). Work in Progress (1st ed.). New York, NY: Random House.
Fish, Stanley, et al. (1995). Inside the Mouse: Work and Play at Disney World.: Duke University Press.
Nelson and Stage (2007) was to assess the effects of contextually-based multiple meaning (i.e., words with multiple meanings) vocabulary instruction on student vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension. To this end, groups of 3rd and 5th grade students were provided with the standard language arts instruction in isolation (in other words, non-specific treatment) or with contextually-based multiple meaning vocabulary instruction that was contained in the standard language arts instruction that is provided to all students over a 3-month period (Nelson & Stage, 2007). The results of this study showed that the students who were provided with the contextually-based multiple meaning instructions demonstrated statistically and educationally significant improvements in their vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension overall compared to the group of students who received the non-specific treatment (Nelson & Stage, 2007). The results of this study also showed that the demonstrated improvements were most visible in the reading comprehension scores, and those…
Biemiller, A (2003 April). Teaching vocabulary to kindergarten to grade 2 children. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association,
Cunningham, A.E. & Stanovich, E. (1997). Early reading acquisition and its relation to reading experience and ability 10 years later. Developmental Psychology, 33, 934-945.
Graves, M.F. (2004). Teaching prefixes: As good as it gets? In J.F. Baumann & E.J. Kame'enui
Literacy in Secondary School in Ireland
The literacy curriculum in secondary school in Ireland is based on a strategy of language-related lesson modifications, identified by Peregoy and Boyle as good methods of ensuring that differentiation occurs in the classroom. This strategy allows for the use of "visuals, concrete objects, direct experience, and other nonverbal means to convey lesson content" alongside the main lesson taught by the teacher in the classroom (Peregoy, Boyle 86). In my area, this is consistent with what we experienced in school, and differentiation is a huge part of the cycle -- as much of what is centered on literacy is done so with direct relation to experiential learning, the use of visual aids, and the expression of ideas identified in readings via nonverbal means, such as drawings, videos or performance in the classroom. At the same time, there is a notable urgency among literacy leaders and…
Department of Education and Skills Press Release. Education.ie, 2011. Web. 1 June
Gottlieb, M. Assessing English Language Learners. CA: Corwin Press, 2006. Print.
Peregoy, S., Boyle, O. Reading, Writing and Learning. MA: Pearson, 2013.
Problem Statements and Drafts of Goals
Rachel's working hours are taking a toll on her. She is not able to get home in time to check up on the progress of her children. Her work pays poorly at $11 per hour and this does not allow her to have health insurance as the premiums are costly for her. Goal: Obtain greater pay.
Calvin's mannerisms and conducts are worrying. He seems to be losing interest in school yet he is in the 8th grade. There is concern that he might follow the same actions that were undertaken by his older sister Alyssa who dropped out of school at the age of 16 years. Calvin is also involved with bad friends who use foul language. In addition, his last report from school indicated that he was failing. Owing to Rachel's busy schedule, she has not obtained information on his progress…
Moreover, adolescence and young adulthood are periods of both increased anxiety about appearance and social acceptance as well as of greater dependence on the opinions and perceptions of others (Jones, Vigfusdottir, & Lee, 2004). That would seem to suggest that exposure to media images associated with beauty would have the greatest influence on the individual. This proposal is designed to test the relationship between exposure to images and other visual representations associated with physical beauty and the development of self-perception in the individual.
It is hypothesized that self-perception among adolescents and young adults with respect to relative physical attractiveness will vary directly in proportion to their degree of interest in and exposure to media images of beauty. The independent variable will be the exposure of subjects to various forms of media associated with a high degree of emphasis on physical attractiveness. The dependent variable will be the measure of…
Gerrig R. And Zimbardo P. (2008). Psychology and Life. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Henslin JM. (2002). Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach.
Drama, music, and the arts and experiential science learning are fun ways to teach students while avoiding the sense that students are in 'summer school.'
Step 3: Establish mentors for 7th and 8th grades in the high school. Have high-achieving high school students who present strong and realistic role models come to the school, talk about their success, and provide academic and/or emotional support to older middle school students.
Step 4: Providing tutoring assistance on the high school level for standardized tests needed for graduation and the SATs would be valuable. Reinforce the connection between expanded life opportunities and success in school by getting local speakers to come to the school to lecture about their profession, to encourage students to avail themselves of tutoring services. Create internship programs for qualified juniors and seniors within the community. Making students want to succeed in school and come to school in the first…
In addition, the participants were chosen differently between the two groups. The first cohort consisted of students that were chosen by teachers and the second was chosen randomly.
The purpose of this discussion was to examine the role of the mentor in the academic achievement of low-achieving students. The research also focused on History of mentoring, Description of the mentoring process and the relationship between mentoring and student achievement. The research indicates that in most cases studies have found a there is a positive relationship between mentorship and academic achievement. This relationship exists because mentoring provides students with the relationships needed to diminish certain risk factors associates with underachievement.
Black L.L., Medina S., Elisabeth C. Suarez. (2004) Helping Students Help Themselves: Strategies for Successful Mentoring elationships. Counselor Education and Supervision. Volume: 44. Issue: 1.
Candidate Outcome Indicators: Youth Mentoring Program." The Urban Institute.
Freedman, M. (1993). The kindness…
Black L.L., Medina S., Elisabeth C. Suarez. (2004) Helping Students Help Themselves: Strategies for Successful Mentoring Relationships. Counselor Education and Supervision. Volume: 44. Issue: 1.
Candidate Outcome Indicators: Youth Mentoring Program." The Urban Institute.
Freedman, M. (1993). The kindness of strangers: Adult mentors, urban youth, and the new voluntarism. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Miller a. (2002) Mentoring Students & Young People: A Handbook of Effective Practice. Kogan Page: London.