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Career Counseling -- Systems Theory
The Case of Alex: Applying Systems Theory
The work and personal life challenges that Alex is facing can be explained through various lenses; however, in this particular case, systems theory as applied in the multicultural environment context will be most useful to develop possible interventions that will help Alex re-establish his career in a new social environment (North Carolina).
Systems theory, as defined in Arthur and McMahon's (2005) study, is a "theoretical foundation that accounts for systems of influence on people's career development, including individual, social, and environmental/societal contexts" (p. 208). An important insight into this theoretical framework is that it accounts for both the whole system and the sum of its parts -- that is, its approach is both general and specific or macro and micro in perspectives. Analysis is done two-way: an event is explained through its "parts" or components, and eventually, a…… [Read More]
No matter how intelligent a person is and how successful he can be, there are many reasons for him to choose a career not really worthy of his talents. This can be due to the conception that some races do not succeed in a certain field. Similarly some women might want to become a space technician but not really take it up believing that women are not welcomed there or that it is a male dominant occupation. Cook, Heppner, and O'Brien (2002) note: "occupational success can be largely attributable to individual merit has never applied to everyone because of pervasive and powerful contextual barriers" (p. 294).
In order to have the required competencies to deal with a diverse population as a career counselor, Fouad and Bingham and some others suggest a culturally appropriate framework. They maintain that this framework must include:
Maintaining a relationship which is considered appropriate by the…… [Read More]
From the list of personal dimensions of development produced by the Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (Arredondo et al., 1996), gender is the dimension most neglected or ignored, in spite of the fact that gender intersects with all other dimensions across cultures (see Hansen, Gama, & Harkins, 2002).
Whether internal or external, one major weakness is the need to motivate more counselor educators to value career counseling and to be excited enough to learn contemporary approaches and methods, including qualitative methods of research (Gama, 1992). The approved position paper of the NCDA/ACES Commission on Preparing Counselors for Career Development in the 21st Century offers several recommendations available to counselor educators and practitioners (Hansen & Associates, 2001). The position paper, the joint effort of 12 career counseling leaders and counselor educators, can be found on the NCDA Web site at www.ncda.org.Founded in 1998, the commission is continuing its work, developing…… [Read More]
Sixth, I look at Alex's vocational personality. I do this by looking at her stories through with Holland's IASEC hexagon. Using this tool I see that she most resembles the Enterprising type (Holland's Theory of Career Choice and You, 2009). She likes to be a leader, act with enthusiasm and enjoys being the center of attention.
In Alex's case it appears that her choice of becoming an attorney and possibly getting into the political arena at some point would be a good fit for her. She posses the required characteristics that are necessary for a person to be a good attorney. She is outgoing and enjoys being in the spotlight. She is not afraid of social situations and sees herself as a strong person. These are all qualities that a person must have to practice law.
Savickas, Mark L. (2005). The Theory and Practice of Career Construction. In Steven…… [Read More]
RT, in his mid-30s, has worked for the services sector in the past 7 years as a Business Development manager. He is currently out of work because the agency he used to work for 'folded up' when it was badly hit by the economic recession in 2008. He has tried setting up a small business right after his resignation, but he has not managed to improve his company's financial status in the next two years, and just this year, he also finally closed his business. RT is known for his easygoing personality and ability to maintain long-term relationships with people he has met or worked with.
onsidering that RT's strongest asset is his personality, he could take advantage of this characteristic and help him 'launch' his career again, either as an employee or owner of a business that truly reflects his passion and expertise. It might be that RT's enthusiasm…… [Read More]
Career Counseling and Multicultural Students in School-to-ork Transition
Good career counseling always takes place within a cultural context, which is true regardless of ethnicity. Current theoretical models may not be adequate to explain the career behavior of racial and ethnic minorities. Vocational assessment has to be culturally sensitive, and only culturally appropriate tools should be used in vocational assessment.
The goal of career counseling is to help clients make career choices that are culturally appropriate, rather than to try to have all clients make the same choices.
Today, with the changes in the balance of ethnic representations in the United States, and a greater recognition of the changing needs of racial and ethnic minority members, it is generally agreed that counselors must be competent to work with a diverse population and effectively deliver vocational counseling services to racial and ethnic minorities.
Thesis - Culture is a critical variable in career…… [Read More]
Career Counseling Workshop for a Hispanic Population
Two-Day Career Counseling Workshop for All School District Hispanic Students!
Aaronson Auditorium, 9:00 A.M. -- 3:00 P.M., January 5 and 6, 2015
Bottled water, soft drinks and doughnuts will be available
Identify and assess your skills, interests, and abilities
Identify potential career opportunities
Establish career and education goals
Monday, January 5, 2015
Welcome and orientation by Mr. Jackson, vice principal
Overview and importance of career counseling and its goals by Ms. Leslie,
Self-assessment: Using the Briggs-Meyer self-assessment and developing an inventory of interests, values and skills, part one, by Mrs. West, career counselor
11:30 -- 12:30 P.M.
Lunch -- school cafeteria
12:30 -- 1:30 P.M.
Self-assessment: Developing an inventory of interests, values and skills, part two, by Mrs. West, career counselor
1:30 -- 2:15 P.M.
Career exploration:…… [Read More]
Next challenge would be to help Alex work his way from socializing within his family towards the next immediate support group he has, potential or existing. This method of socially networking himself to his family and community would increase the "number of fortuitous encounters," which could increase his chances of knowing and taking advantage of new work opportunities.
Once Alex is familiar on the needs and gaps in the construction industry in North Carolina, it is recommended that he first start out his career in North Carolina by doing small-time contracts/projects. At this point, working on a project basis would be more helpful for Alex as he gets a feel of his 'return' to the construction industry and be able to adjust gradually to the requirements of the job as a contractor. Given Alex's personality's strengths and weakness, particularly his high sense of responsibility and love for autonomy, it is…… [Read More]
hen a client reports, during a counseling session, that he or she is unable to master a specific domain of behavior, the counselor should focus on the causes of these perceptions in the client's background experiences" and examine how a lack of skills and unsubstantiated perceptions of a lack of self-efficacy are holding the client back (Betz 2004:4). Using "The Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale...can be used to assess a person's beliefs concerning her or his capabilities to take the steps in career decision making" (Betz 2004:5).
Ideally, treating issues related to a lack of self-efficacy requires a two-pronged approach. Firstly, the counselor must help the client unburden him or herself of specific concepts of a lack of self-efficacy related to career skills and goals -- but there also must be a more general component of raising the client's self-esteem and efficacy that is essential to fully realize the individual's maximum…… [Read More]
A high school counselor advising a highly motivated student about preparing to apply to college may need to provide advice about narrowing down an appropriate list of colleges, help the student manage the stress and time pressures of the application process, and determine how best to market the student to a school -- in short, primarily fulfilling the supporting and delegating functions of Step Two. The same counselor dealing with an unmotivated student might have to work with the student first to find out why and if he or she wants to go to college at all and actively motivate the student to take constructive steps in planning his or her life outside of high school in ways similar to the author's behavior with his class of at-risk youths.
While with the highly motivated student, the counselor might seem overly directive if he or she pressed the student with many…… [Read More]
Unlike with Emerich's book, I found that many times I would expect the "happy thought" solution to conflict generated in the story, but get realism instead. ut even though that unrealistic approach does not seem to be present, Decker deals with the real pressures and conflicts of office life, particularly in a "changing workplace." The conversations are real; the pressures are real; the conflicts are real; the language is real; and all of the personalities seem real to me.
Decker does also seem to teach some lessons in this book through his characters and the circumstances they go through. One of the more important ones, it seems to me, is that he shows how opportunity as well as challenge and obstacles can come from changes in an organization. And though these were specifically related to a corporate takeover, to me, Decker's message was broader than just that context. He also…… [Read More]
CAEE COUNSELLING MODELS- A STUDY OF HOLLAND'S THEOY
Holland's approach to career development
The greatest contribution Holland made and his most popular work has to do with his theory (Holland, 1959, 1966b, 1973, 1985, 1997c) of work environments and vocational personalities. The idea that most people have close resemblance with a combination of six different personality types is the theory's core foundation. The personalities are Investigative, ealistic, Artistic, Social, Conventional, Enterprising (commonly known with the acronym IASEC). Each of these personality types is characterized by a collection on interests, beliefs, preferred activities, abilities, characteristics, and values. A Holland system (usually the first three IASEC types the person has more resemblance for) can be produced based on analyses, though Holland (1997c) made the recommendation of making use of the class ordering of the six different types to make a description of the individuals. In the same way, job environments can be…… [Read More]
human existence, work has been a critical factor in social organization and development. Even cultures such as the Greek and Roman civilizations had a complex occupational structure. The diversity and complexity of occupations have, naturally, evolved along with the more advanced technological society. The Industrial Revolution accelerated employment specialization and, more recently, the computer and its offshoots have produced huge growth in the number and types of jobs available. More than ever, individuals need support from professionals in making career decisions based on such factors as skills, interests and strengths/disabilities. Career counseling, or assisting a person with a career choice or change, involves a number of different factors such as establishing a rapport, assessing the nature of the problem, goal setting and intervention (Brown 16).
A number of theories have been suggested to help people with their career choice and development. One of these is Krumboltz's Social Learning Theory. Based…… [Read More]
Another important part of the article that affects the career development process is assessment tools. A major portion of career development depends on the assessment tools and tests the counselor uses to assess their clients. A thorough knowledge of these tools and what they hope to accomplish is vital for every career development professional. The authors note, "Numerous themes are evident in the review of the assessment literature. Many instruments are being developed in different languages for more effective cross-cultural evaluation as well as a more global understanding of career constructs and their application" (Patton & McIlveen, 2009). The article also stresses the importance of career development in childhood, and how to assess the needs of children to help them form their future goals and objectives.
Ultimately, the authors believe that the career development process is rapidly evolving, and that counselors must keep up with those changes. They write, "New…… [Read More]
individual from childhood, and they are biological, socio-cultural, psychological, and life-cycle in nature. Counselors are expected to have a full understanding of all the biological forces and psychological developments that lead to maturity. This includes certain things like the genes of the individual, hormones, nutrition, and several other biological factors. The sole concern of the biological forces is the body and its development processes. They equally need to have a full understanding of all the psychological forces involved, which are normally a group of related thoughts, emotions, as well as behavioral development that lead to maturity, personality development, learning, and choices. They are also expected to understand all the socio-cultural forces such as ideas, values, and all beliefs that influence maturity. Examples of such forces include habits, morals, and practices (Kowalczyk, n.d).
Choosing a definite career and deciding on your career goal is of utmost importance. It is…… [Read More]
Career planning is one of the most challenging aspects of human development and success. Within the context of career development there are many main theories, yet the theory that best applies to the information for the following client is the developmental-contextual model forwarded by a distinguished group of career development researchers and instructors at Penn State University. The concepts of the career development theory incorporate the concepts of the developmental-contextual model of human development, associating the future success of the individual with both their own personal adolescent development and with the environment (context) in which they live, are educated and eventually develop career goals. It is the marriage of the nature nurture ideas of human developmental theory.
the developmental-contextual approach to career development described here is heavily indebted to the thinking of ichard Lerner regarding developmental contextualism in general (e.g., Lerner, 1978, 1986, in press). Most importantly, in explaining the…… [Read More]
The DVD/Video presentation that was used in the explanation of therapeutic techniques is entitled, "EPPP Strategies & Tips with Dr. Taylor -- Learning Styles: Visual Learners. Dr. Taylor explains the different ways and methods of learning styles by using an example of visual learners.
Impact of Presentation on Educational Experience
Students use various methods when they are learning and internalizing concepts that they have learnt in class. One example of a learning technique is visual learning. From the video presentation, we learn that visual learners are those who understand concepts through visual aids such as illustrations, videos, documentaries, demonstrations and so on. Such learners are able to comprehend whatever they are being taught only when they are able to see using their sense of sight. This proves to be an effective way of learning for them. Therefore, we learn that people internalize information and ideas differently and different…… [Read More]
Career Counseling: Video Lecture Critique
Darryl Cross - Career Guidance Counselling
The video lecture by Darryl Cross offers career guidance counselling to any individual who is unsure of the next move to make for their career or any individual that is not certain as to whether he or she is heading in the right path career-wise. One of the strong suits or most clear points of the video lecture is that if work experience is done well, it can shape and fashion the developing sense of self for any person. Darryl is keen on pointing out that at the present, most people do not do work experience, as it should be at all. One of the clear points delineated is that the adolescence stage is one that encompasses identity, in that individuals ought to find out who they are and what their strengths are. These are not simply subsidiary issues,…… [Read More]
Description of a Specific (Non-Counseling) Occupation
Auditors and accountants are some of the most important employees in organizations. They help supervise operations, pay bills and ensure that taxes are paid correctly and on time. Accountants are also responsible for analyzing financial data of their companies and reporting the results to regulators and concerned government authorities. Some of these reports must also be made available to the company's shareholders. Apart from handling the client's financial data, some of the other job duties that auditors and accountants face in their day-to-day work include: budget analysis, financial planning services, information technology advice and limited financial legal advice. Specialists in the field of accounting or auditing depend on the kind of work they are engaged in. The majority of specialists in this field are employed in government, management, internal auditing and public accounting. The duties of a public accountant are to…… [Read More]
Theory statement used to review the case and the accompanying selection rationale
Career development is a continuous, ongoing process throughout one's life. It is shaped by the experiences that one acquires through the interactions one encounters. These developmental experiences focus on gaining and processing information regarding the self and occupational or even educational processes (Hansen, 1976). The process allows people to understand themselves in the course of relating to the world around them and figure out their role. It constitutes the process of constructing work identity. One's work inevitable turns out to be the person's identity. The school system has a duty to inculcate in our youth such a role and responsibility for their future welfare. Career events are just as significant as the process of human growth and development. This forms a pertinent part of the socialization process.
The Holland theory of vocational types and the development…… [Read More]
The study reveals that stimulation of spinal cord moderates the emotional effect of chronic pain.
A source that may include newspaper, internet or television
esearch findings indicate that patients suffering from chronic pain can moderate their emotional response to such pain with stimulation of the spinal cord.
A team of researchers from the Ohio State Neurological Institute focused their study on some 10 patients that were suffering from severe chronic leg pain. These patients were implanted with a spinal cord stimulator so as to reduce pain. The research is built on earlier findings that hinted on the idea of the neuromatrix pain theory. The theory states that pain varies according to emotional, cognitive and sensory influences. The resting state network of the human brain is called the default mode network or DMN. It has been shown that DMN plays a significant role in the cognitive and emotional aspects…… [Read More]
The most pronounced counseling implication of this study is its support for applying and expanding the comprehensive career counseling model proposed by Bloland and Edwards (1981). Their model focused on helping people improve their quality of life by meeting their psychological needs through a combination of work and leisure activities. Because increases in scores on both the JD and the LSM indicate increases in need satisfaction (Pearson, 1998), the results of the current study suggest that as participants reported more of their needs being met through their jobs and leisure, they experienced higher levels of psychological health.
Given that role overload was the strongest predictor of psychological health for all of the variables measured, it appears that women's perceptions toward and subjective experiences of their roles are more important than the number of roles in predicting overall psychological health and well-being. At the same time, results showed that the…… [Read More]
Part I: Background
A personal career case study combines a personal reflection with scholarly research on career development and motivational theories. During the process of compiling information for the case study, I will present my past educational and career choices, my personality types, and my goals for the future. After a brief introduction, I will discuss my personal and social history, and also the environmental factors that might have influenced my career choices. In the past I have applied different theories of career development to my case, including Holland’s type theory, Krumboltz’s social learning theory, social cognitive career theory, and Super’s career development stages. In this paper, I will focus on Holland’s type theory, which combines personality with career development. Finally, I will synthesize what I learned to better understand my past, present, and future.
My name is ____ and I was born and raised in ____. I am…… [Read More]
Theories on Career Counseling
Trait and Factor Theory
Parsons, the theorist who developed the Trait and Factor theory, suggested that vocational support ought to be founded on three elements. Firstly, the individual, his/her personality, interests, abilities, resources, values, and ambitions must be clearly understood. According to Parsons, clinical interviews help glean this information. Secondly, knowledge regarding the sphere of work, including knowledge of each occupation's pros and cons, opportunities, requirements, and compensation ought to be acquired. The third key element is a logical link between the previous two elements. One can make rational decisions with regard to an individual's potential satisfaction within or appropriateness for a vocational post by relating the traits of a person to occupational factors, (Flanigan, 2011).
Parson's theory has remained at the heart of the field of career counseling for a hundred years. The theorist first presented this concept in his work, "Choosing…… [Read More]
It is the role of the career counselor to work with the diverse populations and help guide them to success through building their confidence in their abilities.
Career counseling is a profession in which the counselors have an impact on the national workforce and its direction, though many professional counseling majors in college ignore career counseling as a potential career. As the world continues to diversify and globalize the impact career counselors have on society will continue to expand.
Herr, Edwin (2003)the future of career counseling as an instrument of public policy.(Career Counseling in the Next Decade) Career Development Quarterly
Bysshe, S., Hughes, D., & Bowes, L. (2002). The economic benefits of career guidance. A review of current evidence [Occasional paper]. Derby, England: The University of Derby, the Centre for Guidance Studies.
Herr, E.L. (2000, June). Working in America: The implications for theory and practice of the Fourth…… [Read More]
A Practical Comprehensive Career Counseling Plan for Middle School Students
Thankfully, dreams can change. If we'd all stuck with our first dream, the world would be overrun with cowboys and princesses. – Stephen Colbert
Many young people have a general idea about what they “want to be when they grow up,” but as the epigraph above makes clear, these ideas tend to change over time as they learn more about the world and what types of occupations are available to them. To this end, career counselors can facilitate this process by helping students learn more about their viable career choices depending on their individual preferences and aptitudes. This paper describes a proposed “career day/fair” for middle school students to help them become more knowledgeable concerning their career choices followed by a summary of relevant career counseling contributions by other researchers. Finally, an explanation concerning the importance of addressing career education…… [Read More]
milestones in my career as well as identify principle actions and advice that assisted me in moving forward in my career. People often are not aware of the difficulties that entail being a career counselor. It requires a myriad of skills of which take time to learn and master. The first major milestone I discuss is the utilization of the Myers-Briggs Test. This test not only helped me identify options for people career-wise, but also categorize them in a way that was easy to discuss and examine.
My next major milestone involved the four phases of assessment. It takes time to evaluate and understand where the client is intellectually and emotionally. By assessing things like education level, preferences, it makes it easier to understand where that person can take their career in relation to their current skills or plans for future skill development. Everything takes time to fully grasp and…… [Read More]
applying ethics to the career counseling field, as mandated by the Californian State and national organizations.
Numerous legal and ethical aspects need to be taken into account by professionals in the counseling field. Misunderstanding or unawareness of some ethical standard(s) cannot, by itself, help as a form of defense if charged with behaving unethically. Because of the fairly recent emergence of the 'counseling' concept in Nigeria, counselors have insufficient practical experience with regard to the relationship existing between counseling and the law (Bosede, 2010).
The counseling profession is dedicated to enhancing professional and scientific behavior-related knowledge and individuals' understanding of self and other individuals. It is also devoted to applying this knowledge towards proving individuals', societies' and organizations' conditions. Counselors safeguard and respect human and civil rights as well as the central significance of the freedom of expression and enquiry when it comes to research, publication, and teaching. For instance,…… [Read More]
According to the O-Net Online Summary Report, marriage and family therapists "diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and family systems." A systems approach is integral to the work that marriage and family therapists do, because they view individual psychological issues as inseparable from the greater family and social system. This enables a holistic approach to treatment interventions, and can be a culturally sensitive, culturally competent facet of psychological counseling.
The primary tasks of a marriage and family counselor include the following. First, communications skills are of the utmost importance because one of the central roles of the counselor is to listen and ask appropriate questions at the right time. A marriage and family counselor meets with more than one member of each family, too, making good communications skills a prerequisite of the profession.
Second, diagnoses should be based…… [Read More]
easons for Seeking a Counseling Degree
Goals of Counseling
easons for seeking Counseling Degree
Effective Counseling Skills
Move on with Life
Making a Difference in someone's life
Personality Characteristics for Counseling
Counseling as a Career
Counseling is referred as the relationship between a counselor and an individual in which the counselor helps the individual to achieve a particular goal in the best way that can satisfy an individual. It can also be referred as the methods, techniques and skills which can help an individual to solve and cope with their problems. Counseling is the method through which a counselor can guide an individual to have a clear understanding of his or her attitude by helping the person to explore his or her thoughts, behavior and feelings about a particular situation.
Professional counseling is a technique that enables the…… [Read More]
Counseling and Coaching
Coaching: Case Study
Key Differences Between Coaching and Counseling
In considering the case of Antti Kytolandd it is critical to differentiate his possible mental health needs from those that are strictly work performance issues. As we consider the differences between formal psychological counseling and employment coaching models it is obvious that there are key differences in the approaches and the most useful and correct approach can often be determined by the client's specific needs (Egan, 1998). To that end it's critical to first consider Antti's overall mental health and stability prior to making key decisions regarding how to counsel or coach him.
The main differences between counseling and coaching lie in the fact that coaching clients are primarily well functioning individuals seeking ways in which to actively participate in the improvement of personal or employment issues. In a psychological counseling model clients may have an underlying mental…… [Read More]
Career counseling is not limited to a particular trade or skill or type of people but includes a wide range of individuals who possess all kinds of skills, passions, and values as well as career motivations. In this paper, we investigate the practical applicability of Super's Developmental Self-Concept Theory-based model for career counseling. This theory or model of counseling encompasses the entire lifespan of an individual and divides it into a number of segments. This paper tries to understand how each of the stages identifies the needs and aspirations of individual clients and sets a benchmark that best suits the needs in every stage. This theory is based on self-concept and hence is applicable at an individual level. The paper also looks into the possible assessment tests for career counseling. Such tests are based on personality or psychology of a client, the interest of that individual and the aptitude of…… [Read More]
As for accommodations when it comes to Ronnie's occupation, it seems as though the employer is already doing well with these. By having Ronnie work a job where he is in charge of some things that he enjoys doing but does not have a lot of contact with customers, there is less of a worry about his having a seizure while on the job, which could confuse or upset customers, or otherwise make them uncomfortable. The other employees that Ronnie works with in his department should be made aware of Ronnie's condition and what to do if he has a seizure so that it causes as little of a disruption as possible and so that Ronnie is safe and cared for. Since he becomes dazed and confused during seizures he could even wander off into the parking lot or do something that might be unsafe. He does not need to…… [Read More]
Counseling professions is one of the most storied and interesting professions in the world. This is due in part to the unique composition of those who inhabit the world. Everyone is unique in their values, heritage, desires, and interests. As such, there is no exact science in regards to counseling. The profession is ever changing with new discoveries or insights occurring every year. It is important therefore, to have counselors possess certain characteristics to better prepare for an erratic and ambiguous world. In it my aim through this document to compare and contrast distinct characteristics that set successful counselors apart from those that are unsuccessful.
Culture is very important in regards to counseling characteristics. Our nation is changing in ways previously thought unimaginable. Each year America becomes more global as an influx of immigrants and migrant workers venture to America with aspirations of a better life. What was once regarded…… [Read More]
Therefore, the first time a colleague spoke about a client in an inappropriate way, I would probably remain silent and standoffish as a way of expressing disapproval. I would avoid eye contact during the conversation and change the subject immediately to discourage a continuation of the topic. Hopefully the colleague would get the hint.
If the other counselor did not get the hint and again referred to his students at inappropriate times, then I would say something to him or her directly. In the most respectful way possible, avoiding insults and accusations, I would tell the colleague that I really didn't think it was appropriate for the divulgence of clients' secrets. I would state clearly that the behavior made me uncomfortable, to personalize the issue and to avoid sounding didactic. I would ask that he or she please refrain from gossiping about clients and remind him or her of the…… [Read More]
(Awe, Portman & Garrett, 2005) Mutual empowerment also includes the kind of encouragement and inspiration that is provided by mentors to other counselors. Mentors can have an enormously positive and regenerative effect on professional counselors and their work, as shown by the study conducted by Sandy Magnuson, Ken Norem, and S. Allen Wilcoxon. Study participants described mentors' input as "validating." They joined professional organizations, or expanded the scope of their work; encounters with others in the same field opened up new horizons. (Magnuson, Wilcoxon & Norem, 2003) Experienced counselors can actively encourage the participation in the counseling profession of people from diverse backgrounds, whose ethnicity, religion, socio-economic background, and life experience match the increasing diversity that is America. (Hill, 2003) Encouragement also comes to those already in the profession who reach out to the community at large, and who advance the mission of counseling, and adhere to the ethics of…… [Read More]
Counseling is described by Kobeisy as the professional form of guidance that is aimed at addressing concerns as well as aid individuals in improving their attitude, coping skills as well as behavior (Kobeisy 1).Counseling can help people, families as well as groups in achieving optimal growth and development for the stages of life in which they go through. Counseling as a profession has many specialties like marriage, grief, and pastoral as well as career. It is worth noting that apart from pastoral counseling, the field of counseling is meant to be a free.This is to imply that the counselor should be open minded while approaching their clients with an attitude that is non-judgmental. They are also not allowed to impose or even direct their clients. The counseling process should therefore help the clients to clearly see their choices, appropriately set their objectives while making the necessary changes in order to…… [Read More]
First Student Placement Experience Expectations
Overall, I am anticipating an extremely positive experience although I am also sure that it will be punctuated with certain doubts, failures, and disappointments. In those instances, I will try to remember that perfection is another type of addiction and that as long as I am making the best and most genuine effort that I can to help my clients, that is the best that I can do. Nevertheless, I expect this experience to be a learning opportunity more than anything else but I hope to accomplish something beneficial for clients during the process.
Allen, K. "Development of an instrument to identify barriers to treatment for addicted women, from their perspective" International Journal of Addictions, Vol. 29, No.
4; (1994):429 -- 444.
Allen, K. "Barriers to treatment for addicted African-American women" Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 87; (1995):751 -- 756.
Beckman, L.…… [Read More]
Frankel (2008) argues that formal on-to-one supervision facilitates positive staff development. . Effective supervision practice promotes professional growth and development. An individual staff needs to interact always with a supervisor to enhance knowledge development. With the shortcoming identified in the supervision practice in various professions and my work place, the paper provides recommendations to enhance supervisory practice.
ecommendations to enhance Supervisory Practice.
Ideal supervisory practice requires good communication. Within a work environment, an organization should make it mandatory for a supervisor to implement effective communication with the supervisees to enhance the professional development.
Moreover, an organization should provide enough time for a supervisor to implement an effective supervisory role. For example, in my place of work, my supervisor always complains of lack of time. This means that my supervisor has been given more jobs that she can cope with, and this has affected her supervisory role. To avoid this issue,…… [Read More]
Indiana Counseling Ethics
The state of Indiana, like all other states, regulates the professionals within their state to ensure that they comply with state law. Ethical requirements are maintained by the state's individual counseling agency; in this case the Indiana Counseling Association. Guidance for licensure is controlled by the state's licensing agency the Indiana Professional Licensing Administration. Through the efforts of these three agencies, professional counselors understand the constraints and requirements of their profession and consumers can understand the protections that they are afforded when they require counseling services. This essay will look at specific requirements, how they are governed, ad who has responsibility for that governance.
Three professions -- mental health counselors, marriage and family counselors, clinical social workers -- are governed by the statutes in Indiana licensure (IPLA, 2008). These three share some of the same responsibilities, but, according to job title, split others. All three…… [Read More]
Longitudinal trajectories for individual participants were used at one level, while a second level included the effects of between-subjects predictors at the higher order. To construct the models, 4,193 observations were used over time, with 3,055 of these conducted ruing community caregiving and 1,148 in the nursing home.
Presentation of Data
Data are presented by means of two figures and three tables. The data appear to be very clearly explicated. The axes in the figures are all clearly marked, and the lines differentiated to indicate the data of concern. The tables clarify the information narrated in the document.
Limitations of Statistical Methods
Limitations include the lack of ethnic diversity in the sample population. Different cultures would respond differently to the burden of care and to counseling intervention. Furthermore, only spouse caregivers were targeted for the research, which limits the application of the data to households where children or other family…… [Read More]
Life can be shattering. Deception, lies, and tremendous heartache can derail the most prodigious, honest, and sincere individual. Devastation can acquiescent a beautiful and wonderful spirit into a horrendous downward spiral to where there appears to be no hope. When our 'bubble' of a world is popped, we often become disoriented, unable to ascertain the fact from fiction, and can then start having negative and harmful thoughts.
Given the circumstances to which I have had to overcome, a tremendous amount of resolve was required, which enabled me to persevere through my darkest moments. Betrayal and heartache can ruin one's perception of what life is about. Indeed, there are many who never enjoy the love or reach a pinnacle of happiness that I've enjoyed. To these individuals, I feel my empathy given my triumphs and set backs will undoubtedly enable a clear perspective, rich with insight to…… [Read More]
She is probably keen on abandoning her family as a form of escapism. Instead of directly confronting the core issues, she would prefer to jump ship and swim to a new shore. The trouble is that once Doris reaches any new shore, her same beliefs and value systems remain a part of who she is. I would aim to change her self-concept, beliefs, and value systems in a way that helped my client.
If Doris has been taught that a woman's role is in the home, and that marriages succeed via submission to the husband, then we have a lot of work to do. Doris does not believe these things and yet she feels trapped by the ideology handed down to her by her parents. This internal conflict raging within Doris is the root cause of many of her problems.
A person-centered approach to therapy will help Doris explore all…… [Read More]
Harry James Potter was born in 1980, the son of James and Lily Potter. Both of Harry's parents died when Harry was an infant. The murder of his parents literally left Harry Potter scarred for life: his lightening bolt-shaped scar is one of his most distinguishing physical features. The orphaned Harry was forced to live with a distant family relative. The relatives are Muggles, and culturally distinct from Harry, who is part wizard.
Harry Potter studies at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Harry is aware that the Dark Lord Voldemort wants to kill him. However, Harry is about to face a serious crisis that will call into question his psychological resilience. The Ministry of Magic has undertaken a massive and coordinated attempt to undermine Harry's credibility. The Ministry's goal is sabotage of Harry's reputation, and his entire career as a wizard. Underlying the motivation of the Ministry…… [Read More]
According to Myers, et al. (1998) A holistic model of wellness exists which ahs been structured into what is termed the "WEL" or the "Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle" for use as a framework in assisting individuals makes lifestyle choices that are healthy and based upon five life tasks and subtasks as defined by the "Wheel of Wellness." Stated is that "the life-tasks of spirituality, self-direction, work and leisure, friendship and love" all are known to interact with various life forces and events that are global in nature. The WEL instrument is comprised of 131 generated items or self-statement requiring a response through utilization of a five-point Likert scale. The "Life Tasks Scales" are stated to be as follows:
1. Spirituality, 2. Self-egulation (includes: sense of worth, sense of control, realistic beliefs, intellectual stimulation, sense of humor, nutrition, exercise, self-care, stress management, gender Identity, and culture identity
4. Leisure…… [Read More]
They are the ones who handle jobs that require expertise. Their job itself is difficult that not everybody can accept the responsibility. With this continuously growing number of addicts and/or substance-abused people, indeed, we need to have more and more credible substance abuse counselors to somehow alleviate this problem.
Block I, Ghoneim. MM 1993. Effects of chronic marijuana use on human cognition. Psychopharmacology 100(1-2):219-228,
Brook JS, Balka EB, Whiteman M. 1999.: The risks for late adolescence of early adolescent marijuana use. Am J. Public Health 89(10):1549-1554
Fisher. Gary, Harrison, T. 2004. Substance Abuse: Information for School Counselors, Social Workers, Therapists, and Counselors (3rd Edition). Allyn and Bacon.
Gruber, AJ, Pope HG, Hudson HI, Yurgelun-Todd D. 2003. Attributes of long-term heavy cannabis users: A case control study. Psychological Medicine 33:1415-1422.
Lehman WE, Simpson DD. 1992. Employee substance abuse and on-the-job behaviors. Journal of Applied Psychology 77(3):309-321.
Marijuana and Health. 2001.…… [Read More]
In the same manner, the ounselor must earn the trust of other people. He must exude a positive aura whih will motivate other people to share what's in their hearts and minds. Other people's trust is hard to earn as it is equally hard to maintain. But if a ounselor knows how to effetively handle eah and every situation where other people' feelings and thoughts is onerned, then the ounselor is on the right trak to enhaning other people's trust on him.
As beoming a ounselor is earned, there are also several learning proesses that go with it. To be able to effetively ommuniate with people, the ounselor must know what are the most affetive things to say. This is where eduation omes in very handy. By having a university degree related to human behavior and/or psyhology oupled with other ourses, the ounselor will surely be able to handle different…… [Read More]
Cases of violent children have become rampant prompting a lot of research and studies directed towards unravelling the reason behind violence, some of which are extreme at such tender ages. The author gives an example of two children who launched a violent attack in their school killing a teacher and four little girls. The motive suggested for one of the child's behavior is that he was jilted by a girl. These two children were only thirteen and eleven years old. This is quite a young age for a child to exhibit such extreme violent behaviors, they were so young yet they killed with a finely honed sense of premeditation. If I was a child psychologist like the author I would definitely be inspired by this event trying to make sure I found out the exact cause of violent behaviors as such in children who are very young. The author…… [Read More]
Finding out the range of client needs and creating a team that can come in and support the client in all of those needs is an essential part of the skill-set of a counselor.
Looking ahead to my five-year goals, I would like to find that my skills have deepened substantially. I believe that it is true that no profession can be fully learned and its skills incorporated solely from studying it or from shadowing others as they perform their jobs. However, I believe that this is especially true of counseling because the best counselors are those who have the most fundamental and broad-based understanding of themselves.
There is no substitute for increasing self-knowledge and insight that does not involved the passage of time. As I pass through my first five years as a counselor I hope to broaden my sense of how people act and react in a range…… [Read More]
Many individuals with disabilities have had little oppotunity fo successful expeience in decision making and, theefoe, lack competence in making decisions (Kosciulek 2004, p.1). A vocational counselo can povide a diffeent view of the disabled peson than that peson may eceive eithe fom fiends and family o ehabilitation counselos -- in the elationship, the vocational counselo is the facilitato of the disabled peson's ambitions, a guide athe than a patenalistic figue. This type of elationship can bette pepae the counseled individual fo the wokplace.
While simply the pocess of vocational counseling can give the disabled peson a sense of empowement, because it affims the counselee's capacity as a 'woke' not just as a 'disabled peson,' the ideal elationship between counselo and advisee is that of a woking elationship. Seeing the client as an adult and as a patne, egadless of the extent of the client's disability, is the ideal mindset…… [Read More]
Ronan must feel welcome and accepted in this setting in order for constructive growth to occur. For this reason, the therapist goes to great lengths to establish a positive rapport with him. This encompasses mutual planning and goal setting. Both determine that behavior shaping is the most feasible and compatible technique to implement. This requires social support, and Ronan finds both his girlfriend and parents equally eager to assist him in his therapy. What's more, his covert receptiveness to treatment enhances therapeutic attempts.
Since success is largely contingent upon the support of family and friends, the therapist encourages Ronan to enlist the aid of his girlfriend and parents. This means engaging their help with specific techniques. All parties are asked to chart the undesired behavior so as to create a more accurate description of the predicament. Then, positive reinforcement should immediately follow the performance of the targeted behavior, in this…… [Read More]
Gushue, Clarke, Pantzer, et al., (2006) examine the application of social cognitive theories to career counseling, reporting that self-efficacy is a pertinent issue in this process. In particular, these authors report that:
Career decision making self-efficacy refers to the degree to which individuals feel confident in their ability to successfully engage in tasks associated with making a career choice and with commitment to a career. It has also been observed that career-related self-efficacy in general may prove to be an important element in formulating a model of career development...(p. 308).
Gushue and coworkers go on to argue that when career self-efficacy is high, individuals are more assertive in the career counseling process. Thus, by developing career self-efficacy, career counselors can effectively improve interactions with clients and facilitate a greater understanding of client needs with respect to career decision making.
Applying this to the larger context of social learning theory, it…… [Read More]
The relevance of counseling as a helping profession cannot be overstated. This is more so the case taking into consideration the role counseling plays towards the facilitation of the development of not only an individual but also a family or even a group.
Counseling as a Distinct Profession: The History and Philosophy of the Profession
Marini and Stebnicki (2008) point out that although counseling as a term made its first appearance (in print) sometimes in the year 1931, the practice of the same had started earlier on. It is important to note that although the roots of counseling as a helping relationship can be traced to the early omanian and Greek times, the actual development of the counseling profession as we know it today largely started taking place in the late 1800s. In the words of Marini and Stebnicki (2008), "the origins of the counseling profession in the…… [Read More]
cross-cultural values and mores to identify the author's interactions with gay, lesbian, and transgendered individuals, Latinas and individuals with disabilities. Further, this paper integrates the case study analyses provided in "Case Studies in Multicultural Counseling and Therapy" and relevant Social Justice Counseling issues to support the discussions. In addition, for each of these three cultures, a discussion concerning what factors should be kept in mind during interfaces with each so that all parties are honored to facilitate work with them as a therapist, colleague, social acquaintance, partner, and neighbor. Finally, an analysis concerning what was especially easy and fun and what was challenging to understand about these cultures given the author's unique worldview is followed by a summary of the research and important findings about these three cultures and cross-cultural values and mores in the conclusion.
eview and Analysis
Gay, Lesbian, and Transgendered Individuals
With growing numbers of states legalizing…… [Read More]
Existential Counseling Case Study
The given case is an adequate account of a life of an individual in an unlikely situation. The case speaks about a thirty eight years old woman Michelle. Life and the given history of Michelle form an impression that she is in a stable situation and has enjoyed a highly satisfying career path. Unlike many other she has a successful married life with her partner Dave and has enjoyed life at its most. The most primitive adjectives that bombards the mind once we consider a successful individual in the western setting are the; professional stability and the emotional stability. It has been for this reason that the case draws the ideology that Michelle is a stable and a successful person in life. Yet the very factor that determines the stability of emotions and thoughts in an individual are the aggregate sum of the normal behaviors exhibited…… [Read More]
Coss Cultual Moes and Values: Middle-Easten Ameicans, South Asian-Ameicans and Native Ameicans
No longe a melting pot but moe like a salad bowl, the United States has always been a land of immigants and its divese demogaphic composition today is a eflection of this pocess. In fact, just one goup, Native Ameicans, can be egaded as being the oiginal inhabitants, but anthopologists ague that even these people likely migated fom othe continents tens of thousands of yeas ago, making them immigants in a sense as well. Thee goups in paticula stand out in the Ameican demogaphic mix as being in need of thoughtful attention in coss-cultual counseling situations, namely Middle-Easten Ameicans, South Asian-Ameicans and Native Ameicans. To detemine what counselos need to know in ode to develop effective inteventions fo membes fom these thee goups, this pape povides a eview of the liteatue, followed by a summay of the eseach…… [Read More]
Sara expresses significant concern regarding finding a job, leaving her family and leaving her friends. While she enjoyed her studies in business she is not exactly sure how she can apply this to her daily life. She is also somewhat ambivalent about wanting to work in the business world, and wonders if she should try to find a position that she would find more emotionally and personally fulfilling. Sara is not involved in a romantic relationship at this time but does have a small but very close circle of friends, all of whom are moving to different places. Sara expresses sadness at the thought of leaving her friends, and concern that she will be able to keep up with them after college is over. She is also concerned that she will not be able to make friends in her new setting. Sara is an intelligent woman who appears to have…… [Read More]
Jasmin is a 21-year-old Asian woman who immigrated to the United States 10 years ago. She is an intelligent college student and she likes to study, although she has been diagnosed with ADHD and dyslexia. She lives together with her parents, young sister and older brother. Jasmin's younger sister is in high school and her brother works at the father's grocery store. Her father has high blood pressure and needs to rest but continues to work at the store. Her mother also worked at father's grocery store.
The patient is taking Concerta. If she skips medication, she cannot concentrate on her studies and finds it difficult to talk to the other students. Her adviser is concerned about her ADHD and her difficult concentration. At the intake and opening the session with Jasmin, the client reported that she felt somewhat depressed, unmotivated, and self-destructive. She added that she felt she…… [Read More]
4, Privacy Information, Limits of Confidentiality
16. Does the site have a waiver that clients must electronically sign or mail in before beginning counseling that specifically states the limits of ensuring confidentiality over the Internet?
Confidentiality: a.4., Limits of Confidentiality; Confidentiality: c., Client Waiver
Source: Shaw & Shaw, 2006, p. 42
Other changes that will undoubtedly influence the types of codes of ethical conduct mandated for counselor in the future will be the enormous demographic shifts taking place in the United States. Indeed, Pack-Brown et al. conclude that nowhere is the change more evident than in the need for cross-cultural awareness on the part of counselors today. According to these authorities, "The recent changes in the professional ethics of American Counseling Association, American Psychological Association, and National Association of Social Workers reflect a growing sensitivity and moral-ethical respectability for the diverse cultural constructions of terms such as mental health and…… [Read More]
counseling profession has experienced a great deal of change, especially during the 1990's. Several of those changes occurred in 1992; these include the changing of the AACD's name to the ACA (American Counseling Association), the adding of counseling as a primary mental health profession into the health care human resource statistics of the Center for Mental Health Services and National Institute of Mental Health, and the writing of the multicultural counseling standards and competencies, which was done by Sue Arredondo and McDavies. Another major change that occurred in the 1990's was the inclusion of counselors as providers for managed health care organizations.
Two of the major trends being faced by counselors in the new century include having to serve an increasing number of clients recovering from violence, crisis situations, and trauma, and helping clients cope with loneliness and isolation. The negative characteristics of the first trend are that crisis situations…… [Read More]