Child Pornography Essays (Examples)

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Child Porn on the Internet

Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57625717



The Internet offers a virtual shopping mall for pedophiles. The predator usually begins by chatting at first, then attempts to break down the child's inhibitions by introducing sexual content into their online conversations and may even send pornographic images. This is extremely dangerous because when a child sees images of other children engaged in sexual activities, they believe that this is acceptable behavior, thus making it easier for the predator to take advantage of the child. Parents must monitor their child's online activities.

AOL, Yahoo Inc., Microsoft Corp., EarthLink Inc. And United Online Inc. have joined forces to build a database of child-pornography images and develop other tools to help network operators and law enforcement better prevent distribution of the images.

orks Cited

Jesdanun, Anick. "Internet Providers to Combat Child Porn" AP Online. June 27, 2006.

Retrieved January 29, 2007 from HighBeam Research Library.

The National Center for Missing and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Jesdanun, Anick. "Internet Providers to Combat Child Porn" AP Online. June 27, 2006.

Retrieved January 29, 2007 from HighBeam Research Library.

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Retrieved January 29, 2007 from http://www.missingkids.com/

Warburton, Richard. "Internet pornucopia." The Birmingham Post (England).
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Child Porn Online The Pedophiles'

Words: 2918 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51795008

("Supreme Court ejects..." 2002) More constitutional problems have been encountered in the law's battle against child pornography as a federal court in September 2004 outlawed a Pennsylvania State law that required internet service providers (ISPs) to block websites containing child pornography. The Court considered the technology used in the blocking of such sites as clumsy that could cause "massive suppression" of constitutionally protected speech.

Apart from conducting a legal "balancing act" between the protection of children from sexual exploitation against the protection of free speech and free thought by the law makers, the campaign against child porn on the Internet is also hampered by its "borderless" characteristics. In order to counter differences in porn laws of different countries that prevented prosecution of child porn offenders, the United Nations General Assembly adopted an Optional Protocol on the ights of the Child, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography…… [Read More]

References

FAQ on Child Pornography on the Internet." (2004). Antichildporn.org (ACPO). Retrieved on February 7, 2005 at  http://www.antichildporn.org/faq-on-cp.htm 

Internet Crimes against Children." (2001). U.S. Department of Justice. Updated December 28, 2004. Retrieved on February 7, 2005 at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/publications/bulletins/internet_2_2001/welcome.html

Kid Porn Easier to Get and Share." (2002). Protecting Children Online: CBS News. June 25, 2002. Retrieved on February 7, 2005 at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/06/25/eveningnews/main513313.shtml

Magid, Larry. (2002). "Net users can help fight child porn." Mercury News. March 21, 2002. Retrieved on February 7, 2005 at http://www.pcanswer.com/articles/sjm_childporn.htm
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Child Luring Via the Internet

Words: 1321 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99055635

The man allegedly asked the "child" to have sex with him and to meet him at the Burger King on Beretania Street, where police arrested him at 8:10 A.M. Similarly, a 31-year-old Waianae man convicted of using the Internet to arrange a sexual encounter with a minor has been ordered to spend 30 days in jail and five years on probation. The pedophile's girlfriend admitted that he went online looking for a 13-year-old girl to chat with him (Barayuga, 2004).

Keeping children safe on the Internet is everyone's job. Parents need to monitor and stay in close touch with their kids as they explore the Internet. Teachers should help students use the Internet appropriately and safely. Community groups, including libraries, should help educate the public about safe surfing (Montgomery, 2000).

The anonymity the Internet provides to pedophiles is of great concern to law enforcement (Oswell, 1999). Since it requires a…… [Read More]

References

1. Balkin, J.M. (1996) Media Filters, The V-Chip, and the Foundations of Broadcast Regulation, Duke Law Journal 45:1133

2. Barayuga, D. (2004) Man Gets Probation, Jail for Net Sex Offense. Honolulu Star-Bulletin staff and wire, July, p. A4

3. Dobeus, Jonathan (1998) Rating Internet Content and the Spectre of Government Regulation, John Marshall Journal of Computer & Information Law, 16:625

4. Dolick, H. (1999). Library Staff to Study Internet Filter Issue. The CalgaryHerald, October 28, p. B8.
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Child Protection States of Japan

Words: 3482 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69519954

Therefore, although the current analysis took into consideration three of the most important countries in the world, they do not lack the problems facing each country because everywhere in the world there are poor areas and low income families who will abuse their children, will abandon them, and even torture them according to their own religious or personal beliefs. Taking these aspects into consideration, it is important to consider the three different child protection policies applied in Japan, Switzerland, and Germany in order to see the extent in which the economic development is related to the child protection policy.

Japan is well-known for the way in which the family ties and connections are mirrored in the society. More precisely, it is rather well-known the fact that in general the Japanese family is committed to their own beings and the relations that establish at the level of the family members are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

BBC. Merkel in child protection plea. 2007. 7 April 2008. http://newsvote.bbc.co.uk/mpapps/pagetools/print/news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7166094.stm

Clemons, Steven. "Koizumi Needs Fiscal Shot to Ring Round the World, New America Foundation. Daily Yomiuri." New American Foundation. 2002. 7 Apr 2008. http://www.newamerica.net/publications/articles/2002/koizumi_needs_fiscal_shot_to_ring_round_the_world

Deutche Welle. German Standard of Living in Decline. 2004. 7 April 2008. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,1305105,00.html

Goodman, Roger. Children of the Japanese State: The Changing Role of Child Protection Institutions in Contemporary Japan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
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Pornography and censorship

Words: 1645 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47164333

ideals of pornography and how many writers are discussing the new bill about to be passed by the Senate to allow for civil prosecution of those who publish said material, and from those who have been abused through what they believe is a result of pornography. Discussing the views of rving as he places his ideals to the front and argues against such bills in the name of freedom.

Bibliography cites sources

Pornography and censorship: how to blame the third person from a man's crimes

Pornography has been around for centuries, ever since man and woman has been able to fully enjoy the opposite and indeed in many ways the same sex, yet this form of pornography has through out the centuries been given different names, for instance art and literature (Stevenson 2001 and Bailey 2000).

Pornography enters man's most intimate regions and fantasies, as they bring forth a plethora…… [Read More]

Irving and refs as provided by student re

Stevenson J.H (2001) the history of Pornography [online] accessed at http://www.tranquileye.com/historyofporn/

Strossen, N (1995) Defending Pornography: Free Speech, Sex and the Fight for Women's Rights [online] accessed at http://forms.aclu.org/Store/Store.cfm?ID=78&c=3
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Government Take to Protect Children

Words: 3373 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39439117

This is largely due to the global nature of the phenomenon as the Internet is indeed the trademark of interdependence and globalization. The relations and connections it facilitates allow people around the world to come together in all sorts of activities, and, inevitably, pornography is one of them. Therefore, this type of complexity demanded a thorough response from the part of the authorities both at global and at the national level.

From a global perspective, the phenomenon is dealt with by numerous international organizations. On the one hand, the United Nations has been promoting concerted action in this field through the Economic and Social Council that supervises the activities of the Human ights Council. Its annual reports on the state of children around the world have improved the visibility of child pornography as a contemporary problem. From this point-of-view, the Council monitories the evolution of national states and its elaboration…… [Read More]

References

Child Net International. (2004) Retrieved 14 March 2007, at http://www.childnet-int.org/

Council of Europe. (2001). Convention on cybercrime. Retrieved 14 March 2007, at http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Treaties/Html/185.htm

Interpol.(2006) Crimes against children. Retrieved 14 March 2007, from www.interpol.int/Public/Children/Default.asp

Livingstone, S., Bober, M. (2004) UK Children Go Online, Economic and Social Research Council. Retrieved 14 March 2007, from www.children-go-online.net
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Parent and Child Relationship

Words: 1045 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16061256

Dynamism Between Parents and Children

Of diverse interaction people have over the course of lifetime, the relationship between parent and child is the most important. Children's growth and development is greatly dependent relatively on the parental bond which exists between them. This bond provides the child with the framework on how they outlook themselves and the people around them. The tie will also determine how well they relate with their peers and the environment their whole lifespan. However the tie between the parents and children can be affected because of parents physical or mental state which may keep him or her to from avoiding relationship with their children. Illness, depression, disorders, alcoholism and drugs addiction are also some of the factors the can make to difficult for the child and parent to relate with each other effectively. According to Cathy Meyer (2011), divorce and conflict can disrupt the growth of…… [Read More]

References

Amy Black 2011 Authoritative, Authoritarian and Permissive Parenting Types Retrieved April

26. 2011 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/614981/authoritative_authoritarian_and_permissive.html

Baby Care Help2011 Exploring Different Types of Parenting Styles Retrieved April 26. 2011

From http://www.babycarehelp.com/parenting.htm
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Scope of Child Sex Tourism and the Pertinent Laws

Words: 2503 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71139954

international sex tourism has been a worldwide curse for a long time, the last few decades witnessed great surge in its practice as the effects of globalization, poverty and consumerism spread while advancement in internet caused an increase in travel opportunities. The racist fantasies and unusual interest in sexual activities in the developing countries along with poor law enforcement have made way for sex tourism. Though some may have exaggerated the magnitude of this immoral industry, more than one million children are trapped inside this trade every year (Vrancken and Chetty, 2009).

The 1904 Paris Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic (1904 Agreement), the first of its kind, aimed at protecting female children and others who were forced to go abroad for sex trade. It operated through border watching, supervising agencies and repatriating or employing the girls (Vrancken and Chetty, 2009). Then other national and international laws…… [Read More]

References

African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. (2009). African charter on the rights and welfare of the child: in George, B.P. And Panko, T.R. (2011). Child sex tourism: Facilitating conditions, legal remedies, and other interventions. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 6:2, 134 -- 143.

Banse, R., Schmidt, A.F., & Clarbour, J. (2010). Indirect measures of sexual interest in child sex offenders: in George, B.P. And Panko, T.R. (2011). Child sex tourism: Facilitating conditions, legal remedies, and other interventions. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 6:2, 134 -- 143.

Debabrata, R. (1998). When police act as pimps: Glimpses into child prostitution in India: in George, B.P. And Panko, T.R. (2011). Child sex tourism: Facilitating conditions, legal remedies, and other interventions. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 6:2, 134 -- 143.

Fraley, A. (2005). Child sex tourism legislation under the protect act: Does it really protect: in George, B.P. And Panko, T.R. (2011). Child sex tourism: Facilitating conditions, legal remedies, and other interventions. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 6:2, 134 -- 143.
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Child Abuse and Sexuality

Words: 1971 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95661372

Childhood Sexual Abuse

Exordium

Claims that homosexuality can be caused by child sexual abuse (CSA) are controversial. These claims have been made by a number of researchers, and have weak links to data that may support them (Brady, 2008). In short, it is very difficult to determine if there is actually a link between CSA and homosexuality. It is important not only to further study whether there is a true link between CSA and homosexuality that goes beyond coincidence, but to also study what can be done to prevent CSA, regardless of whether it has the potential to lead to homosexuality in later life. One of the ways to do this is through policy changes through agencies that typically work with CSA and related issues, such as the Department of Children and Family Services.

Narratio

The idea that CSA causes homosexuality is not a new one. Much of the argument…… [Read More]

References

Brady, S. "The Impact of Sexual Abuse on Sexual Identity Formation in Gay Men." Journal Of

Child Sexual Abuse 17.3-4 (2008)

Hunter, Sally V. "Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse as a Life-Long Process: Implications For

Health Professionals." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy 32.2 (2011)
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Where in the United States Has Highest Amounts of Child Sexual Trafficking and Why

Words: 2062 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10808247

Child Sex Trafficking

Human Trafficking is occurring all around the world and also in the United States. This is not just a crime that is committed in other countries. There have been cases reported by the authorities in every single state. Those victimized are at every age from adults to young children of both genders. Based on federal reporting it is estimated that the number of persons exploited sexually for money or trafficked are in the thousands (DOJ, 2007). Some are brought into the U.S. from other countries and the number of citizens that are trafficked in the U.S. are unknown officially. The primary sex crimes being includes child exploitation, prostitution, and pornography (Keane, 2006).

The age range of children involved in sexual trafficking is as early as 12 years old. Those of school age that do not live with their biological parents are often targeted. Children are often targeted…… [Read More]

References

Carr, B. (2009). Sex trafficking: an American problem too. CNN. Nov 25. TBS.

Department of Justice DOJ (2005). Report on state human rights. Retrieved April 20, 2012 from http://www.humantrafficking.org/countries/united_states_of_america

Eisenmenger, L. (2011). Sex trafficking in the U.S., What really goes on. Retrieved April 20, 2012 from  http://goodmenproject.com/ethics-values/child-sex-trafficking-in-the-usa-what-really-goes-on/ 

Freyd, J.J, Putnam, F.W, Lyon, T.D, BeckerBlease, K. A, Cheit, R.E, Siegel, N.B, and Pezdek, K. (2005). The science of child sexual abuse. Science, pp. 501.
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How Sexual Child Abuse Can Effect the Child's Psychological Development

Words: 2187 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25023031

Sexual Child Abuse

Child sexual abuse involves a broad range of sexual behaviors that take place between a child and an older person. These sexual behaviors are planned to erotically stir the older person, commonly without concern for the consequences, choices, or outcome of the behavior upon the child. efinite conducts that are sexually offensive frequently involve bodily contact, such as in the state of sexual kissing, touching, fondling of genitals, and oral, anal, or vaginal contact. Nevertheless, behaviors might be sexually abusive even if they do not entail contact, such as in the case of genital exposure, verbal force for sex, and sexual abuse for purposes of prostitution or pornography.

For efinitions propose four main types of child abuse (physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and child neglect), but seldom if ever does one form of abuse happen alone. The suggestion in itself is illogical. Physical abuse and sexual…… [Read More]

Diagnostic and Treatment Guidelines on Mental Health Effects of Family Violence. American Medical Association Web Site.

McClendon, Patricia D. November (1991). MSSW candidate. Incest/sexual abuse of children. Internet. p.23. Available:  http://www.clinicalsocialwork.com/incest.html 

National Association of Social Worker News. (1997, February). States eye domestic abuse welfare option. NASW News, Volume 42, #7, pp11.
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Understanding the Connection Between Child Abuse and Anti-Social Behavior

Words: 6698 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75798499

Abused children develop antisocial behavior that persists through three continuous generations. Such behavior grows out of angry, aggressive parenting and an overall negative home environment, perpetuated by sibling collusion, economic and biological factors. These children exhibit this in preschool by committing at least one antisocial behavior each day in class. As dysfunctional adolescents, their romantic lives and eventual marriages also fail. African-American children suffer from the affliction than Caucasian children. The current level of knowledge and efforts requires effective and efficient mechanisms at home, in school and the community in the crucial formative childhood years.

Understanding the Connection between Child Abuse and the Development of Antisocial Behavior

Abused children eventually become problem adults who are a burden to society.

ecent studies reveal the significance of parenting in the cross-generational transmission of aggressive or problem behavior up to three continuous generations. Stable evidence has long recognized and documented the negative effects…… [Read More]

References

Ary, D.V., Duncan, T.E., Biglan, A., Mitzler, C., & Smolkowski, K (April

1999). Development of Adolescent Problem Behavior. Journal of Abnormal

Child Psychology. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation. Retrieved from the Web July 17, 2004. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0902/is_2_27/ai_55208541

2. Ballard, S. (August 18, 2003).How Your Relationships Affect Your Child. Jet.
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Protecting Children Online Like Any

Words: 789 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75990392

Imposing a sort of "rating system" on the Internet interferes with the freedom of expression. Such software could also violate a youth's right to a wide variety of information (Reilly 2001).

Finally, many critics question the effectiveness of such filtering technologies.

Some charge that filtering technologies have a tendency to "overblock" sites. In high schools, for example, some children complain increased difficulty in conducting research on topics like breast cancer and safe sex. Another reported difficulty conducting a search on the term "Mars exploration," because the letters formed the forbidden term "sex." These difficulties interfere with the intent of sharing information over the Internet (Reilly 2001).

Overriding concerns

Critics do have valid concerns, and were able to articulate these all the way to the Supreme Court. The Court, however, rightly ruled that filtering technology remains an effective solution to keeping children away from violent, pornographic or otherwise dangerous content. The…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Reilly, Rob. 2001. "Government Efforts to Protect Children from Online Pornography Are Ineffective."

James Torr, ed. Current Controversies Series. San Diego: Greenhaven Press

Teens, Technology, and Drugs: An Inside Look; How Technology Is Hooking Teens Up With Drugs." 2006. PR Newswire. July 18.
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Ancient Child -- Scott Momaday

Words: 1718 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96955006

In this excerpt, her mature medicine woman attitude shows clearly that she has grown up. That doesn't mean that she isn't attracted sexually to Set, but there is a reverence now and an appreciation for his needs that perhaps readers didn't see previously. And on page 297 the desire that Set feels for Grey is a sweeter, more casual lead-in to sexual foreplay. "Their hands slipped over their bodies, describing desire, but yet discreetly." They both have grown by now.

As for the characters' achievement of modern American Indian identity, the way it interfaces the history of the Old est (to wit, Billy the Kid) with modern tends to bring the fictional aspect of the book into a brighter spotlight than Native American cultural reality. Grey's character, in particular, reveals some truth about medicine and how Indians understand that medicine comes to them. And as Karen allace writes in her…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coltelli, Laura. Winged Words: American Indian Writers Speak. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Momaday, Scott N. The Ancient Child. New York: Doubleday, 1989.

Wallace, Karen L, and Schmitt, Deborah A. "Liminality and Myth in Native American

Fiction: Ceremony and The Ancient Child." Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol.
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Marked Increase in the Number

Words: 4769 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52782524

I also predicted that the difference in heterosocial competence between child molesters and non-sex-offenders would be significantly larger than the difference between rapists and non-sex-offenders. This hypothesis was also supported (Dreznick, 2003,pg 170)."

The researcher also hypothesized that the variation in heterosocial competence amongst child molesters and nonincarcerated non-sex-offenders would be considerably larger than the variation amongst child molesters and incarcerated non-sex-offenders (Dreznick, 2003). The findings of the meta-analysis were consistent with this hypothesis.

The author of this meta-analysis concluded that because child molesters have significant problems with heterosocial skills social skills training may assist in the treatment of these individuals. However the author points out that the treatment of heterosocial skills is only one component of an overall treatment program. Other components of a treatment program may include anger management and increasing empathy for the children that are victimized (Dreznick, 2003).

Additionally the author points out certain limitations of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Denov, M.S. (2003). The Myth of Innocence: Sexual Scripts and the Recognition of Child Sexual Abuse by Female Perpetrators. The Journal of Sex Research, 40(3), 303+.

In this work Denov argues that the traditional sexual scripts for women prevent society from viewing women as sexual predators. The author uses existing research concerning female predators to prove this assertion. The author concludes that female child molesters exist on a much larger scale than has been generally accepted.

Dreznick, M.T. (2003). Heterosocial Competence of Rapists and Child Molesters: A Meta-Analysis. The Journal of Sex Research, 40(2), 170+.

In this meta-analysis the author investigates the correlation between heterosocial competence and child molestation. The author combined the results of several existing studies to illustrate this correlation. Dreznick found that a lack of heterosocial competence contribute to the decision to molest children.
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Ashcroft v Free Speech Coalition

Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78074156

Writing in dissent, Chief Justice ehnquist argued that the CPPA was merely a natural extension of Ferber, and the new law seemed intended to be used only to prosecute those individuals distributing materials known to use real children.

Holding: Court's reasoning and policy implications:

Justice Anthony Kennedy, writing for the majority, found in favor of the Free Speech Coalition, and affirmed the judgment of the Court of Appeals to strike down the relevant statutes. Critical to Kennedy's decision was the government's radical reformulation of the obscenity standard in Miller. To be banned under the CPPA standard, the materials in question "need not appeal to the prurient interest. Any depiction of sexually explicit activity, no matter how it is presented, is proscribed," even though there was no clear physical threat to a child, according to the Ferber standard. The government was suppressing lawful speech (speech not using children to produce sexual…… [Read More]

Reference

Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition. (2002). University of Cornell. Retrieved March 14, 2010.

http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/00-795.ZO.html
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Childhood Intimacy Problems Serve as

Words: 6896 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66414076

Other determining factors influencing long-term affects of abuse to a child include:

Whether the child's mother is supportive and child can confide in her.

Whether the child's experiences success at school

Whether the child has nurturing relationships with peers. (Ibid.)

Childhood intimacy problems and sexual abuse, interacting with family background, contribute the child's developing self-esteem and sense or "world" mastery being disrupted. These deficits, in turn, increase the probability of a child experiencing psychological problems later in his/her adult. These developmental deficits may lead to social and personal vulnerabilities later in life, and consequently contribute to the risk of mental health problems developing and/or increasing. (Ibid.)

Sexual Abuse "Signs"

Effects of early sexual abuse, which include childhood intimacy problems, last well into a person's adulthood and effect their relationships, family and work. Individual symptomatology tends to be reflected into the following four areas:

1. "Damaged goods: Low self-esteem, depression, self-destructiveness…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams. Noah.

Profile: Sexual predators solicit children on the Internet," All Things Considered (NPR), June 19, 2001.

BETTER ANSWER to SEXUAL PREDATORS.(Editorial)(Editorial)," Seattle Post Intelligencer (Seattle, WA), June 15, 1997.

Bolen, Rebecca M.. "Child sexual abuse: prevention or promotion?," Social Work, April 1, 2003.
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From Concealing to Confronting Sex Abuse

Words: 1582 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50701770

Concealing to Confronting Sex Abuse

It is one thing to consider child sexual abuse from the perspective of the criminal offender. Sexual abuse almost certainly qualifies as an anti-social behavior that is transmitted from generation to generation. Although this issue was not discussed in any of the articles, there is simply far too much evidence that child sexual abusers are very likely to have, themselves, been abused as children to ignore the idea that this behavior is transmitted from generation to generation, abuser to victim. In fact, child sexual offenders seem to have a modified version of the subculture of violence, but the subculture is actually one of sexual violence towards children. In this isolated culture, the sexual victimization of children is normalized. That explains the prevalence of child pornography and groups like NAMBLA. In fact, the offender may minimize the damage that he experienced at the hands of his…… [Read More]

References

Condon, P. (2010, December 7). "Top Catholic educator concealed abuse knowledge."

Associated Press.

Phillips, N. (2010, July 14). "Whatever happened at Father Cooper's Cabin in 1971, the archdiocese isn't responsible." Riverfront Times.

Rodgers, A. (2010, August 2). "Episcopal leaders take steps to deal with abusive clergy."
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Mental Health Ethics

Words: 2831 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98623571

Given this priest is able to coax and created situations where boys are with him alone is even worse. In short, the counselor in this situation has no choice but to step in and say/do something.

To make a final decision, it would normally be wise to do some information gathering and to truly find out for sure whether or not this man has offended or not. However, the only real way to do that is to prod the priest even more and/or to ask the children and/or parents what is going on, if anything, and that would probably not be the best idea, at least in the latter case. Any querying of children would have to be done with the full knowledge and consent of the parents, and this is true both ethically and legally, and even if such permission was not garnered it would get back to them…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brown, Francesca, and Mark R. Kebbell. "Policing Indecent Images of Children. What Are the Critical Issues Surrounding Police Risk Assessment?." Sexual Abuse in

Australia & New Zealand 5.1 (2013): 52-59. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 5

Apr. 2014.

DeYoung, Mary. "The World According to NAMBLA: Accounting for Deviance." Journal
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Validating the Effectiveness of Participation in a

Words: 7348 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2865324

Validating the Effectiveness of Participation in a Time-Sensitive Closed Therapeutic Group for Preschool Aged Children Allegedly Sexually Abused

This paper will review existing research on allegedly sexually abused preschool aged children. The traumatic psychological effects of the abuse including low self-esteem, poor peer relationships, behavior problems, cognitive functioning and physical/mental health will also be evaluated.

The author notes the paucity of available material on sexually abused children. Very little therefore is known of the effectiveness of psychotherapy to assist in the treatment of the problems of this particular group of abused children - a population of 40 selected children with a mean age of 45, with their parents (either father or mother) and/or caregivers attending sessions in another session hall at the same time the children are undergoing therapy.

This proposed study will therefore focus on how mental health services are provided to preschool children with ages ranging between 4…… [Read More]

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Cyberpredator Is Someone Who Uses

Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91333532



Second, the Internet allows access to the world and therefore a pedophile can pray on a victim that lives 1000 miles away just as easily as if the intended victim were next door. Technology virtually obliterates geographic distance. A cyberpredator can in fact be more alluring for a disenchanted youth by offering a plane ticket to some exotic location. The enticement of being independent might cause some naive adolescents to travel to meet the cyberpredator, or the cyberpredator can also arrange to fly long distances to meet the intended victim in person.

Third, technology enables long-term and intimate communications that would otherwise not be possible. It would be far more difficult to "groom" children without the Internet except when the pedophile is a member of that child's family or immediate social network without attracting attention. Online grooming can take place over a long period of time, giving the child a…… [Read More]

References

Ohio Attorney General. "Internet Safety and Cyber Predator Awareness." Retrieved April 20, 2007 at http://www.ag.state.oh.us/citizen/isafety/index.asp
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Combat Online Sexual Predators Online

Words: 1882 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88561862

Internet predators seem to have a penchant for engaging adolescents in areas that are able to be monitored for content. The law enforcement via federal grants can track and collect information on a particular IP address to determine precisely what the intent is on that individual and use that as a means to limit his internet activity. A special program can be installed onto the computer of the solicitor to prevent the individual from attempting to contact minors online for sexual engagement. The means to prevent the act is perhaps the best method. Often, these individuals are not dangerous per se' as in a hardened prison criminal. However, by taking precaution, these individuals can be stopped from hurting others, ruining their lives, and subsequently clogging up the laws enforcement throughout the country.

eferences

Attorney general gonzales highlights department efforts to combat sexual abuse and exploitation of children in Massachusetts; unveils…… [Read More]

References

Attorney general gonzales highlights department efforts to combat sexual abuse and exploitation of children in Massachusetts; unveils new series of PSAs to educate teenage girls about online dangers (2007). . United States, New York: PR Newswire Association LLC. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/453822940?accountid=13044 

Bremer, J., & Bersein, E.V. (2000). Computers in psychiatry today. Academic Psychiatry, 24(3), 168-168. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/196517498?accountid=13044 

Case law developments. (2010). Mental and Physical Disability Law Reporter, 34(6), 827-827-984. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/840369002?accountid=13044

FBI licenses image search solutions from ADF solutions to combat child pornography (2006). . United States, New York: Business Wire. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/445173785?accountid=13044
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Social Networking Has in the Last Couple

Words: 3108 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28704254

social networking has in the last couple of years stirred a lot of debate among politician and scholars alike. The level of risks and benefits associated with social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace especially to children and teenagers has elicited a mixed reaction among the debating parties. In this paper we present a systematic analysis of the implications of social networking sites for both children and teenagers with a sharp focus on Facebook. We also focus on the benefits as well as the issue surrounding the use of social networking sites by use of relevant illustrations. Overall, we evaluate how the use of computer technology has impacted the society in general and education in particular.

Definition of Social Networking

Several scholars have attempted to define the concept of social networking and its components. Boyd & Ellison (2007) define social networking sites as special web-based services that are…… [Read More]

References

Berkshire District Attorney. Sexting. Pittsfield, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts; 2010.

Availableonline at: www.mass.gov/?pageID_ berterminal&L_3&L0_Home&L1_Crime_Awareness_%26_Prevention&L2_Parents_

%26_Youth&sid_Dber&b_terminalcontent&f_parents_youth_sexting&csid_Dber. Accessed onApril 5, 2011

Tynes, BM (2007),Internet Safety Gone Wild? Sacrificing the Educational and Psychosocial
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Media Representations of Youth

Words: 2578 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34450014

Images of Youth

Media Representations of Young Australians

Any minority group is bound to have its own image, and its own problems. The difficulties faced by ethnic, racial, and religious minorities are well-known, but there is another group that is equally disadvantaged, but that is really even considered among the minority population. Across Australia, young people -- in particular secondary school students -- constitute a distinct minority group that is frequently maligned and exploited. Media accounts give little thought to smearing all children as irresponsible, drug-ridden, delinquents. Few media outlets bother also to consider the ways in which youthful employees are exploited through overwork, low pay, and substandard job conditions. Yet this special minority group is one of Australia's largest. Its members belong to every other racial, ethnic, and religious group. Its members are the future of us all. hen will the media begin to honestly explore the real predicament…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brannen, Julia, and Margaret O'brien. Children in Families: Research and Policy. London: Falmer Press, 1996.

Burgmann, Verity. Power, Profit, and Protest: Australian Social Movements and Globalisation / . Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 2003.

Cowdery, Nicholas. Getting Justice Wrong: Myths, Media and Crime / . St. Leonards, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 2001.

Cox, Katherine E. "The Inevitability of Nimble Fingers? Law, Development and Child Labor." Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 32.1 (1999): 115..
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Know Why the Caged Bird Sings One

Words: 807 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84792362

Know hy the Caged Bird Sings

One of the lasting moments in Maya Angelou's I Know hy the Caged Bird Sings is the explicit rape scene in the novel. In the story, the young narrator is raped by her mother's boyfriend. This moment in the book has been mislabeled as a form of child pornography, but anyone reading the story can testify that this is not a moment told in a way to stimulate in any way. The rape scene is a nightmare and the reader is put directly into the position of the poor, frightened child who cannot comprehend what is happening to her. The theme of the novel in its entirety is presented in these two scenes of violence; childhood is destroyed by adults. A conflict between the adult world and childhood innocence and how the destructive forces of the former forever destroy the latter.

There are two…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Angelou, Maya (2004). I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. New York: Chelsea

"Removing the N Word from Huck Finn: Top 10 Censored Books." (2011) Time.

Vermillion, Mary (1999). "Reembodying the Self: Representations of Rape in Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl and I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings." Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings: a Casebook. Ed. Joanne M. Braxton. New York: Oxford.

n
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Court Opinion United States v

Words: 1054 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68000698

U.S.C. § 48 is not aimed at specific instances of animal cruelty, but specifically at the creation and distribution of depictions of such abuse for the purposes of interstate and/or foreign commerce. This is the act that the appellant was unarguably engaging in when apprehended by law enforcement, and the fact that the law is not aimed at those participating directly in acts of animal cruelty does not in and of itself create a constitutional objection.

The statutes specific mention of interstate commerce renders the appellant's claim that the constitutionality of the statute is in question due to a dependence on state definitions also moot. Not only were the acts depicted in the videos the appellant old to law enforcement agencies unquestionably illegal in all fifty states, but the federal government has a duty to regulate interstate commerce specifically because state definitions and regulations differ. Failing to regulate the interstate…… [Read More]

References

FindLaw (2010a). NEW YORK v. FERBER, 458 U.S. 747 (1982). Accessed 14 January 2010. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=U.S.&vol=458&invol=747

FindLaw (2010b). CHAPLINSKY v. STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, 315 U.S. 568 (1942). Accessed 14 January 2010. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=315&invol=568
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Transnational Crime Has Definitely Evolved Over the

Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47489463

Transnational crime has definitely evolved over the last few generations consistent with the trend of globalization. As information and resources more quickly crosses boarders, so does the potential for criminal acts that also transcend international boundaries. Globalization is a complex phenomenon that is often misunderstood. Part of this trend deals with a movement toward more integrated economic and political systems. Much of the globalization trend has been driven by technological innovations that allow for greater communication, information sharing, travel, which have worked making the Earth a seemingly smaller place in regards to the ability to reach out to other people across the globe. Many argue that consumers around the world benefit from globalization because they gain access to goods that they could not find in their domestically produced markets (Crump, 2006).

However, the trend of globalization has also brought new waves of organized crime that have found new niches for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crump, T. (2006, March 1). The Dutch East Indies Company - The First 100 Years. Retrieved from Gresham College: http://www.gresham.ac.uk/lectures-and-events/the-dutch-east-indies-company-the-first-100-years

NIJ. (2007, November 15). Transnational Organized Crime. Retrieved from Office of Justice Programs: http://www.nij.gov/topics/crime/organized-crime/pages/welcome.aspx

US Deptartment of Justice. (2012, September 6). Third Dreamboard Member Sentenced to Life in Prison for Participating in International Criminal Network Organized to Sexually Exploit Children. Retrieved from U.S. Deptartment of Justice: http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2012/September/12-crm-1085.html
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Law Enforcement and Cyberstalking

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16556885

Cyberstalking

Cyber-Crime in a New Age of Law Enforcement

ith the new introduction of the online sphere, law enforcement today faces unique challenges those previous generations could never even imagined. The internet allows the ability to create an online presence that has virtually no relevance to the real world character of the user. People can now create an online presence with the ability to construct a range of pseudonymity that was never before possible (Gyorgy, 2002). Therefore the person that you think you are communicating with may be a different person altogether.

Furthermore, people can set up a range of different personalities and have multiple identities online that they can use for a range of malicious activities. For example, it is possible for an elderly man who has perverted tendencies to portray himself as a young school girl on online chat forums. In these arenas there is seldom any verification…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gyorgy, P. (2002). The Tale of Cookies (Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde). Social Research, 239-245.

Jayakumar, A. (2014, March 13). Target looking into response to cybersecurity breach; retail sales rose in Feb. Retrieved from The Washington Post: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/target-looking-into-response-to-cybersecurity-breach-retail-sales-rose-in-feb/2014/03/13/91d16ece-aae8-11e3-af5f-4c56b834c4bf_story.html

TEDGlobal. (2010, July). Julian Assange: Why the world needs WikiLeaks. Retrieved from TED: http://www.ted.com/talks/julian_assange_why_the_world_needs_wikileaks.html

TEDGlobal. (2012, July). Michael Anti: Behind the Great Firewall of China. Retrieved from TED: http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/en/michael_anti_behind_the_great_firewall_of_china.html
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Adults on Secured Online Environments

Words: 12910 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48598250

Next, the researcher will conduct a query of the computer awareness of education administrators, teachers, parents, and students in the New Orleans school district, then evaluation of documented data will provide a research base of the required elements needed to consider while developing a framework that can be used as a guide by educational leaders and parents for the protection of children at school and at home. esearch areas will include law enforcement agencies, various information systems security sites that provide security solutions that can be implemented in schools and in the home, other avenues of research will include interviews with a multitude of technical personnel proficient in hardware, software and network technology utilized for computer security.

Purpose Statement

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide recommendations from experienced practitioners of detailed, hands on instruction or guides that even the computer illiterate parent or senior caregiver can use to…… [Read More]

References

Atkinson, E.N. (1995). Interactive dynamic graphics for exploratory survival analysis. The American Statistician, 49(1), 77.

Barker, C., & Groenne, P. (1996). Advertising on the World Wide Web. [online]. Available: http://www.samkurser.dk/advertising/research.htm[1998, April 6].

Bever, T.G., Smith, M.L., Bengen, B., & Johnson, T.G. (1975). Young viewers' troubling response to TV ads. Harvard Business Review, 54, 109-120.

Cai, X., & Gantz, W. (2000). Online privacy issues associated with Web sites for children. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 44(2), 197.
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Agree With Much of What

Words: 1299 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61853987

" That harm is found when you look closely at the First Amendment's application and meaning, she continues. The person who argues that the First Amendment protection for pornography is justified, she suggests, is actually authorizing males and the establishment of laws to have power over sexuality, and as a result, to basically allow a woman's sexuality to be manipulated and abused.

The abuses that MacKinnon talks about are "unspeakable abuses...the rape, the battery, the sexual harassment, the prostitution and the sexual abuse of children"; only in pornography is "it called something else," she continues. "Sex, sex, sex, sex and sex," respectively. In other words she is angry that rape and battery are just referred to as "sexual" issues, and harassment and prostitution and the abuse of children fall under that broad category too.

This next section from MacKinnon is a bit harsh, and perhaps oversimplified, but she goes on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

MacKinnon, Catharine. (1985). Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech. Harvard Civil Rights/

Civil Liberties law Review.
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Liberal and Conservative Views on

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10029322

But though the distaste might be the same on both sides, the degree and vehemence with which the two sides are opposed to these two ills are quite different. Both the ACLU and the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom appear to be against the practice of prostitution. Especially in areas where it is illegal (i.e. most of the country, but they also protest against police crackdowns on suspected prostitution areas and harsh punishments for convicted prostitutes (ACLU, 2009; NCSF, 2008). The stated conservative view is far more clear cut: both the epublicans for Family Values website and the American Family Association simply contain no reference to it, ignoring the problem completely (FV, 2009; AFA, 2007). Teen pregnancy is more equally frowned upon, though there are drastic differences in the allowable methods of handling and preventing such situations.

Sexual education is a major area of difference,; many conservatives advocate abstinence-only education,…… [Read More]

References

ACLU. (2009). Accessed 6 April 2009. http://www.aclu.org/index.html

American Family Association. (2007). Accessed 6 April 2009.  http://www.afa.net 

National Coalition for Sexual Freedom. (2008). Accessed 6 April 2009. http://www.ncsfreedom.org/index.php

Republicans for Family Values. (2009). Accessed 6 April 2009.  http://republicansforfamilyvalues.com/
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Memorandum Philosophical Issues

Words: 1279 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50109188

Fictitious

Governor's Office

This memorandum is an analysis of the P&E issues raised by proposed legislative changes regarding criminal sexual behavior, as well as so-called "vices" and other related conduct. The purpose of this analysis is to define a coherent set of public policy objectives characterizing all legislative changes supported by the Fictitious State Governor's Office.

Upgrading penal classification of Solicitation/Prostitution misdemeanors and increasing sentences and fines associated with all Solicitation/Prostitution felonies.

This committee does not recommend enacting any of the proposed penal upgrades across the board as set forth. We recommend re-evaluating current "vice" policy regarding violations of existing

Solicitation/Prostitution statutes in order that funds for law enforcement and prosecution efforts be redirected and channeled more specifically toward violations that most affect "quality of life" issues for lawful citizens of Fictitious State.

Analysis:

Both anecdotal evidence and documented statistical information available from the seventeen counties in Nevada where prostitution…… [Read More]

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U S Has Not Signed the U N Convention

Words: 4141 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5125089

U.S. has not Signed the U.N. Convention Treaty on the ights of Children

This paper presents a detailed examination of the Treaty on the United Nations Convention on the ights of Children. The writer explores the treaty and the nations that have signed it. The writer than delves into some of the reasons the United States has not signed it. This paper is written from a legal standpoint therefore there are discussions about jurisdictional issues as well as other legal points of interest. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

Why the U.S. hasn't signed the U.N. Convention treaty on the ights of the Child

Worldwide globalization efforts are moving forward in almost all aspects of society. There are better communications abilities; more integrated business dealings and nations are beginning to embrace the traditions and cultures of those across the ocean. As the walls of difference come down…… [Read More]

Robert Dennis, U.S. should ratify children's treaty., The Dallas Morning News, 12-29-1997, pp 13A.

NICOLE WINFIELD, Associated Press Writer, UN Debates Childrens' Plight in War., AP Online, 08-25-1999.

Author not available, The world's children / / Why won't the U.S. sign their treaty?., Minneapolis Star Tribune, 11-20-1999, pp 26A.
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Innocence and Consequences of Abuse

Words: 1719 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43992991

However, it is implied that Stampler is a sociopath; research has concluded that crimes typically committed by those that have been diagnosed with sociopathy, or psychopathy, include serial murder, mass or spree murder, and/or serial rape.

Stampler's actions were motivated by countless instances of abuse at the hands of his father and documented sexual abuse by the archbishop, which the audience is led to be believe was a trusted member of Stampler's social circle. At the end of the film, it is not Stampler's innocence that is revealed, rather Vail's. Vail's belief system is shaken to the core as he realizes that there are people in the world that are inherently evil; Vail realizes that there are instances in which crimes are committed by bad people, such as Stampler's father, the archbishop, and lastly, by Stampler. Though he must continue to operate under the concept that people are innocent until…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arrigo, Bruce. Criminal Behavior: A Systems Approach. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey:

Pearson Education, 2006. Print.

Hoblit, Gregory, dir. Primal Fear. Paramount Pictures, 2006. Motion Picture.
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Why Censorship Is Viewed as a Positive

Words: 2379 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68200033

Internet Censorship in China, South Africa and the est

Internet censorship in China, South Africa and other countries is something that prohibits real discussion from taking place regarding issues that affect the public. For instance, in China, certain key word searches are automatically filtered out so that users cannot find the information they are seeking. hile Internet censorship may be good from one perspective (in terms of stemming the flow of child pornography, curbing false information, or putting a nation's interests first), it can be viewed as bad from another perspective (in terms of cutting down on the opportunity to inform sides of a dialogue, promoting free exchange of ideas, or discussing why one form of pornography is allowed but not another). This paper will show why Internet censorship can be interpreted in both positive and negative ways depending on the perspective that one adopts (whether one is pro-Statist or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bitso, Constance. "Internet Censorship In South Africa: A Brief Expose Of Negative and Positive Trends." South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 80.1 (2014): 41-51. Academia Search Complete.

Carr, Madeline. "Internet Freedom, Human Rights and Power." Australian Journal of International Affairs 67.5 (2013): 621-637. Academia Search Complete.

Casavant, L., Robertson, J. "The Evolution of Pornography Law in Canada."

Parliament of Canada, 2015.
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Legal Issues in Family Law

Words: 2033 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37707723

Orthodox Jewish family consists of the mother, father, and four daughters whose home was raided by law enforcement officers on suspicion that the family was engaged in child pornography. Following the raid, naked pictures of young girls was found on one of the cell phones of the parents. Pursuant to a search warrant, the officers recovered computers, cameras, and cell phones and later called a case into ACS child protective services. The ACS caseworker obtained several photographs of the children while naked including one in which a 5-year-old girl sleeping in her bed with her underwear removed and legs spread apart. While the mother admitted to the ACS caseworker that she took that photograph, the case was referred to Kings County Family Court for legal direction and intervention.

Family Law Legal Issues in the Case

As evident in the case, this is an example of a situation involving family law…… [Read More]

References

Bloomberg, M.R. & Bell, W.C. (2003, July). Parents' Guide to New York State Child Abuse and Neglect Laws. Retrieved from New York State Government website:  https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/acs/pdf/stateguide_english.pdf 

Gilmer, G.M. (2014, February 18). Corporal Punishment in New York City: Discipline vs. Abuse. Retrieved December 20, 2016, from http://gilmerlegal.com/lawyer/2014/02/18/ACS-Cases/Corporal-Punishment-in-New-York-City-Discipline-vs.-Abuse_bl11810.htm

HG Experts. (n.d.). Child Pornography Law. Retrieved December 20, 2016, from  https://www.hg.org/child-pornography.html 

Schechter, S.P. (2013). New York family law (3rd ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar, Cengage Learning.
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Sexual Predators

Words: 1069 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88446395

Internet Sex Offenders

Today's technology has allowed for many great advances in society that allow for great benefit and good. The internet and instant communication abilities have provided new landscapes for the human species to evolve and grow. The power of technology must be wielded with temperance and wisdom however due to the always present threat of those who wish to prey and feed off the weakness of other people.

The purpose of this essay is to describe specific strategies that are most effective with sex offenders in the community. This discussion will first discuss the newly formed landscape in which criminal justice professionals find themselves in today and how technology has affected their ability to successfully perform their duties. This discussion will also include ideas about legislation and technology that can be used in the efforts to deter these criminals from committing future sex crimes.

The New Landscape

Sex…… [Read More]

References

Markon, J. (2009). New technology, tight budgets hinder sex-offender monitoring. Washington Post, 23 Nov 2009. Retrieved from  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/11/22/AR2009112202364.html 

Fuchs, E. (2013). 7 Surprising Things That Could Make You a Sex Offender. Business Insider, 9 Oct 2013. Retrieved from  http://www.businessinsider.com/surprising-things-that-could-make-you-a-sex-offender-2013-10 

Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., Mitchell, K.J., & Ybarra, M.L. (2010). Online "predators" and their victims. Psychology of violence, 1, 13-35.

Wortley, R.K., & Smallbone, S. (2006). Child pornography on the internet. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.
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Ashcroft v Free Speech Coalition and Online Gaming

Words: 615 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75533706

Ashcroft

US Supreme Court case Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition

In the case of Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, the Supreme Court presented even more arguments and reasons as to why online child pornography is prohibited. What this case failed to do is define how far the government's censorship can stretch. The controversial question lies in the phrasing from the COPA provisions where terms referring to virtual child pornography were struck out for being too broad (Mota 2002).

This case has proven among the more interesting regarding first amendment rights on the internet. Unlike most rulings by the Supreme Court where the majority of states agree on the ruling, this case came down with most districts agreeing instead with the dissent. Many arguments have now been presented as to why even virtual child pornography is an issue. Namely, the idea that producing child pornography can lead to pedophile behaviors (Mirkin,…… [Read More]

Balkin, Jack (2004). Virtual Liberty: Freedom to Design and Freedom to Play in Virtual Worlds. Virginia Law Review, 90(8), 2043.

Wu, Tim (2003). Network Neutrality, Broadband Discrimination. Telecom and High Tech. Law Review, 2, 141.

Parke, Adrian; Griffths, mark (2004). Why Internet Gambling Prohibition will Ultimately Fail. Gaming Law Review, 8(5), 295-299.
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Looking at Psychology of Violence

Words: 2092 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68888301

MFT Psychology of Violence; A critical Analysis of Child Abuse

A rather disturbing threat growing increasingly in today's society is child abuse. There is no agency that can appropriately and thoroughly address the issue. The development of an independent agency provided with legal mandate, appropriate material and human resources, trained to efficiently tackle legal cases of child abuse is essential. While a clear set of laws exists in relation to child molestation and abuse, physical as well as sexual abuse of children is continually on the rise; governments of many nations report astonishing annual increases in rates of child abuse cases. The American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy reports that around 3 million kids are annually endangered or harmed due to maltreatment; this includes neglect, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and physical abuse. Further, statistics indicate that 30% of child victims end up dying on account of disease, malnutrition, or…… [Read More]

References

AAMFT .(2015) Child Abuse and Neglect, American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, http://www.aamft.org/imis15/AAMFT/Content/Consumer_Updates/Child_Abuse_and_Neglect.aspx {Retrieved; 8/11/2015}

Al-Shail. E, Kattan, H, Aldowaish .A, (2014) The cultural Reinforces of Child Abuse, Intech open, http://www.intechopen.com/books/child-abuse-and-neglect-a-multidimensional-approach/the-cultural-reinforcers-of-child-abuse#article-front {Rwetrieved:8/11/2015}

CDC. (2015) Child Mistreatment: Risk and Protective Factors, Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childmaltreatment/riskprotectivefactors.html [Retrieved; 8/11/2015]

Farley. R, (2008) Understanding and investigating child physical abuse, Police one http://www.policeone.com/police-products/investigation/articles/1689287-Understanding-and-investigating-child-physical-abuse / {Retrieved;8/11/2015}
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Racial Gender Constituency a Fact-Finding Committee Major

Words: 1247 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69675899

racial gender constituency a fact-finding committee major American party choice: My choice marked astrids. This paper introduction conclusion. •******Outside consultant hired party advise inclusive*****

To ensure there is equality in society, the party should ensure that encompasses women in its agenda. The role of women in society cannot be overlooked, and any American party should include them when discussing society matters. Women play an important role and addressing their issues together with other issues is vital for the party's success. Having women in the party's leadership will also ensure that the women agenda is addressed and women will feel represented. Considering the constituency has more women than men, it is vital that the party attracts them to its side. This will not only ensure victory to the party, but will ensure that the party is more inclusive and sensitive to women affairs. Encouraging women to participate within the party affairs…… [Read More]

References

Keremidchieva, Z. (2012). Legislative Reform, the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues, and the Crisis of Women's Political Representation. [Article]. Women & Language, 35(1), 13-38.

Sedgh, G., Bankole, A., Singh, S., & Eilers, M. (2012). Legal Abortion Levels and Trends By Woman's Age at Termination. [Article]. International Perspectives on Sexual & Reproductive Health, 38(3), 143-153. doi: 10.1363/3814312

Women: Still Number Two But Trying Harder. (1975). [Article]. Time, 105(22), 48.
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Human Trafficking Analysis of United States and the World

Words: 10151 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70798817

Human Trafficking:

Comparative Analysis of Human Trafficking in the United States with the orld

Stephanie I.

Specialized Field Project

Human Trafficking is a very serious issue that affects every country around the world. Human Trafficking is also known as "Sex Trafficking," or "Modern Day Slavery," which reflects the primary reasons people are bought and sold today -- sex trade and involuntary labor. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines sex trafficking as

"the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for a commercial sex act, is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age."

Moreover, labor trafficking is defined as

"the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, using force, fraud, or coercion for subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery." (CNHTR, n.d.)…… [Read More]

Wayne, O. & Genelle, B. (2011). Major Principles of Media Law, 2012 Edition, Chapter 10, Cengage Learning.

Wheaton, E. M., Schauer, E. J., & Galli, T. V. (2010). Economics of Human Trafficking. International Migration, 48(4), 114-141. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00592.x

Wyler, L.S. (2013). Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress. Congress Research Service
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Sexual Predators Prosecution Too Harsh and Disadvantageous

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19836773

Sexual Predators Prosecution

TOO HARSH AND DISADVANTAGEOUS

Sexual Predators' Prosecution

Sexual predators are persons who sexually victimize other persons (ILGA, 2009). They may be rapists, molesters, peeping toms or sexual deviants. A sexual deviant is convicted for rape, attempted rape, child molestation or abuse, incest, sodomy or indecent sexual assault or exposure. A judge may, however, convict a sexual predator for a crime unrelated to the sexual act. If the offender takes a child from home without parental consent, he may be convicted for kidnapping. As of 2009, 17 States have laws that penalize sexual predators, specifically a sub-class of sexually violent predators or SVP. Of these 17, Illinois adopted and enforces the broadest definition of SVP as sex offenders who victimize persons below 18 years old, regardless of past convictions. The other 16 define SVPs as those who victimize others below 12 years old and who have prior sex…… [Read More]

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Justice Brief

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84801159

shame in teenage sextual relations," Nina Funnell outlines a conceptual criticism of the approach taken by the Commonwealth on matters relating to the laws governing various sex crimes. According to Funnel (2011), there are fundamental problems with the enforcement of certain sex crime laws against minors because they were obviously drafted and enacted mainly to protect minors and not to punish their sexual behaviour. In that regard, Funnell (2011) focuses especially on the issue of the prosecution of teenagers who transmit sexualised photographs of themselves to others as violators of child pornography laws even though those crimes are, essentially, victimless crimes. The author points out that in addition to the nonsensical application of those laws to the class of persons they were originally intended to protect rather than punish, the Commonwealth has exhibited a simultaneous lackadaisical approach to prosecuting sex crimes involving bona fide victims and adult perpetrators, such as…… [Read More]

References

Funnel, N. (2011) There's No Shame in Teenage Sextual Relations, Sydney Morning Herald, 10 September.

Gerrig, R. And P. Zimbardo. (2008). Psychology and Life. Princeton, NJ: Pearson.

Hinds, L. And K. Daly (2001) The War on Sex Offenders: Community Notification in Perspective, ANZ Journal of Criminology, 34(3), 256-276. DOI: 10.1177/000486580103400304

McLoughlin, C. And J. Burgess (2010) Texting, Sexting and Social Networking Among Australian Youth and the Need for Cyber Safety Education, paper available through Australian Catholic University at  http://www.aare.edu.au
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Agency Organization in Which You Worked Include Information

Words: 5237 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72302251

agency/organization in which you worked. Include information on the size of the organization (number of personnel, of what kinds) and the division of labor into units or departments. Obtain an organizational chart, or prepare one yourself, showing the formal structure of the organization.

The organization where I worked from April 24, 2012 to June 29, 2012 was U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Created in 2003, it is the main investigative body of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Investigation. It is a federal law enforcement agency whose main responsibility includes executing the immigration and custom laws of the United States to protect the country and to ensure the public security.

The detailed chart of the structure of the organization is attached in the Appendix A. ICE has a divisional organizational structure. It is headed by the Director who is appointed by the President of U.S. And approved by the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cyber Crimes Center. 2012 June 16 .

Herald, Glenna. U.S. Immigration and Enforcement arrests 44. Chicago Tribune. N.p., 14 June 2012. Web. 19 June 2012. .

Hughes, Gordon, Eugene MacLaughlin and John Muncie. Crime Prevention and Community Safety. Sage Publications, 2002.

ICE Strategic Plan Fiscal Years 2010-2014. Strategic Plan. Washington DC: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2010.
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Fashion Industry Calvin Klein Has

Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99526977



Klein attempted to reverse his image in a 1999 campaign when he portrayed playing child (boys and girls) clad only in CK underwear. Appearing in the New York Post and in prominent magazines, as well as over a huge billboard in Times quare, they were recalled 24 hours later under huge pressure due to the public and experts citing them as pornographic due to their sexualized image of young children, and their high definition on sexual body parts. A Calvin Klein spokesman claimed that these images intended "to capture the same warmth and spontaneity that you find in a family snapshot" (Media Awareness Network). Nonetheless, Klein's reputation had preceded all excuses. His reputation for child pornography was too strong and seems to have become a part of his image.

eemingly Klein needs a miracle in order to repair the company's reputation. On the one hand, however, its notoriety seems only…… [Read More]

Sources

Gaines-Ross, L. Corporate Reputation: 12 Steps to Safeguarding and Recovering Reputation. John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

Media Awareness Network Calvin Klein: A Case Study http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/handouts/ethics/calvin_klein_case_study.cfm
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James Moor What Is Computer

Words: 2011 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20944985

The sheer number and variety of sites where such ostensibly private information is made public can make it impossible for someone to truly get privacy.

What is remarkable is how well Dr. Moor did at predicting the ethical issues that would continue to be part of the Computer evolution. Even if computers are simply exacerbating existing ethical dilemmas, the fact that they are capable of doing so means that they are going to continue to present ethical problems. For example, when Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, slavery was already in existence and used through the American South. That Industrial evolution invention did not create the ethical issue of slavery. However, with the improved ability to process cotton, cotton suddenly became an incredibly profitable crop. The need for cheap labor jumped dramatically, which certainly increased the demand for slave labor. What that example makes clear is that even seemingly helpful…… [Read More]

References

Moor, J. (1985). What is computer ethics? Metaphilosophy, 16(4), 266-275.
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Jon Benet Ramsey Case Study

Words: 9718 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23992552

Witnesses reported the noticeable odor of decay was present and dried mucous on one of her nostrils. The child was dressed in a light colored long-sleeved turtleneck and light-colored pants (similar to pajama bottoms). Her distraught father placed her on the floor by the front door. A white cord was tightly embedded around her neck similar to the string around her wrist. On her neck at the base of her throat was a red circular mark about the size of a quarter (World Law Direct Forums web site).

Based on her own experience Det. Arndt believed the child was dead and that she had been dead for some time. John amsey told Det. Arndt that he had found JonBenet in the wine cellar under a white blanket, that her wrists were tied above her head, and that a piece of duct tape was over her mouth. He pulled the tape…… [Read More]

References

Autopsy photos, Crime Shots True Crime Community web site: http://crimeshots.com

Autopsy report JonBenet Ramsey documents web site. http://www.crimemagazine.com/jonbenetdocs.htm.

Bane, V. (1998). Never ending story. People Weekly, 50 (22) 126-132.

Bardsley, M. (2006). JonBenet Ramsey murder case: An investigative analysis.
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Celibacy and Sexual Deviance by Priest

Words: 2563 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54200333

Celibacy and Sexual Deviance by Priests

Many psychologists have suggested that clergy who take a vow of celibacy are more likely to engage in sexual deviance than clergy who are allowed to marry. Many others argue that this is completely untrue. This research paper aims to examine these points-of-view to either prove or disprove the relationship between celibacy and sexual deviances by priests.

In today's society, the Catholic Church is confronted with two important issues regarding sexuality. The first is the scandal of sexual abuse of children by priests, which is a highly publicized issue that it damaging the reputation of the Catholic Church in the United States. The second is the question of whether priest should take a vow of celibacy and remain unmarried.

In order to fully address this hypothesis, it is important to address these questions but not regard them as two aspects of one problem.

While…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Berry, Jason. Lead Us Not Into Temptation: Catholic Priests and the Sexual Abuse of Children. Doubleday, 1992.

Burkett, Elinor, and Frank Bruni. A Gospel of Shame: Children, Sexual Abuse, and the Catholic Church. Viking, 1993.

Hudson, Dean. Ten Myths About Priestly Pedophilia. Crisis, July, 2001.

Isely, P. Child Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church: A Historical and Contemporary Review. Pastoral Psychology, 1997.
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U S Government Should Not Regulate the Internet

Words: 2199 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86424

U.S. government should not regulate the Internet. One important reason is that it would go against the nations' right to freedom of speech. The government has used a number of reasons to support its quest for regulation, such as protecting children, yet it has ignored the fact that there are other methods to control harmful and illegal material online without hindering the Internet's growth and capabilities.

This paper will show that it would be impossible for any single government or nation to completely regulate the Internet, because by nature, the Internet is resistant to control and regulation.

The Internet was created by the defense-related ARPANET project, which was a communications tool for the United States government in the late 1960's linking a decentralized system of computers that could resist a nuclear attack (Copeland, et al.). Today, this tool, which was once viewed as little more than an emergency fallback system,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Clinton: Technology is the answer." 16 July 1997. CNET News.com. Nov. 18, 1998. Retrieved Dec. 2 at http://www.news.com/News/Item/0,4,12492,00.html

Copeland, Johanna. Pinter, Edward, Witmeyer, John. Internet Regulation. Ford Marrin Esposito Witmeyer & Gleser, 2002.

Family-Friendly Internet Access Act of 1997. Thomas - U.S. Congress on the Internet. Nov 18, 1998. Retrieved Dec. 2 at http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z-c105:H.R.1180:

Greenfeld, Karl Taro. "Meet the Napster." Time Oct. 2, 2000, pp. 60-73.
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Department of Censorship the Internet and Schools

Words: 985 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39291110

Censorship, the Internet, and Schools

Describe two implications for schools from the CIPA policy rulings, and two reasons for opposition to the policy

The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) was legislated in the year 2000, obliging public schools and libraries to set up specific technology that restricts internet access to graphic depictions that are indecent, child pornography, or detrimental to minors (Finsness, 2008). One of the implications of these policy rules is that it infringes on intellectual freedom. This is in the sense that it goes against the First Amendment, as intellectual freedom is the right of every person to seek as well as receive information from all perspectives devoid of limitation. Secondly, there is the implication of impacting the capability of students to gain access to information they require for school (Finsness, 2008). Being in a fast-paced technological area and with students having to attain such skills for writing…… [Read More]

References

Batch, K. R. (2014). Fencing Out Knowledge: Impacts of the Children's Internet Protection Act 10 Years Later. American Library Association, Policy Brief No. 5.

Finsness, L. S. (2008). The implications of internet filters in secondary schools (Doctoral dissertation, UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA).

Flowers, B. F., & Rakes, G. C. (2000). Analyses of Acceptable Use Policies Regarding the Internet in Selected K -- 12 Schools. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 32(3), 351-365.

Hu, Q. (2004). To Censor or Not to Censor at the School Library. State University of New York.
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E-Community When an E-Community Consists

Words: 1893 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84534032

"

More studies related to the impact of Internet use in various scenarios; among different age groups; comparing time spent online, this researcher recommends, are needed. Future considerations related to these and other aspects of Internet use are needed to help counter potential negative challenges prior to them evolving into crises.

A group of individuals who share through communication, this researcher concludes, most effectively answers this study's number one (literally and figuratively) research question: What is an e-community? In addition, as this study relates the impact of e-communities, the data/information consequently validates the hypothesis: When an e-community consists of positive components; constructs; consensuses, then the impact this virtual community wields upon its members will consequently prove to be positive.

ibliography

auserman, R. (2003). Child Pornography Online: Myth, Fact, and Social Control. The Journal of Sex Research, 40(2), 219+. Retrieved August 25, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001963434

ritain Online; as TV…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bauserman, R. (2003). Child Pornography Online: Myth, Fact, and Social Control. The Journal of Sex Research, 40(2), 219+. Retrieved August 25, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001963434

Britain Online; as TV Becomes a Turnoff, Families Spend More and More Time Surfing the Net. (2004). 39. Retrieved August 25, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5006643943 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001177709

Haney, S.P. (2000). Pharmaceutical Dispensing in the "Wild West": Advancing Health Care and Protecting Consumers through the Regulation of Online Pharmacies. William and Mary Law Review, 42(2), 575. Retrieved August 25, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001177709 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001161722

Making People Online a Reality. (2000, December 18). New Statesman, 129,. Retrieved August 25, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001161722
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Violent Crimes Mark Goudeau a

Words: 1022 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27835606

Crimes are classified as felonies or misdemeanors. Felony refers to serious crimes such as rape, murder, violent robbery, while misdemeanor refers to lesser crimes such as theft, fraud, or unlawful carrying of weapons.

2. eview the crimes of John Wayne Gacy. Classify his crimes and explain the classification. Examine each component of the classification modeling the examples used in the text. Use what you can find in published articles, interviews, and scholarly information on the web. Make sure to reference your sources.

John Wayne Casey was the notorious serial killer who was guilty of murdering at least thirty three young males between 1972 and 1978 in Chicago. His victims were males aged from twelve to their mid-twenties. His court trials began in 1980 after physical evidences pointed to his guilt and he had admitted to killing over thirty persons and burying them under his house. The prosecutors insisted that Gacy…… [Read More]

References

Bell, R., & Bardsley, M. (n.d.) John Wayne Gacy, Jr. TruTV. Retrieved from: http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/gacy/gacy_1.html

Crime classifications and definitions (n.d.) Retrieved from: http://public.getlegal.com/legal-info-center/types-of-crimes

Description of sex offender criminal offenses (n.d.) the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. Retrieved from: http://www.icjia.state.il.us/public/index.cfm?metaSection=About&metaPage=sotrcdsoco#cp

Hawkins, K. (n.d.). The Baseline Killer. TruTV. Retrieved from:
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Literally Means Acquaintance With Letters

Words: 1198 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32836285

Then I ferret for poetry on the specific subject that boosts me. Generally, I love Tennyson and Emily Dickinson; perhaps I go, as I do in literature, for the relevant and inspiring.

Poems that have had the greatest impact on me include Joaquin Miller's Columbus: particularly the stanza:

What shall I say, brave Admiral, say,

If we sight naught but seas at dawn?"

"Why, you shall say at break of day, 'ail on! sail on! sail on! And on!'"(Derek, 2002, p.134)

Philosophers of literature argue regarding the impact literature may or may not have on the ethical psyche. Tolstoy's 'What is Art?" For instance, maintains that literature has a strong impact and, therefore, one should choose one's readings carefully. Plato asseverated, likewise, recommending literature as part of the diet of the Philosopher king. Ruskin, too, maintained that literature should be employed for the betterment of society, whilst in Confucian thought,…… [Read More]

Sources

Cory, B. (1999). Literature: a crash course. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications

Derek, W. (2002). Selected poems. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Kessler, J.M. (2003). Ashcroft v. free Speech Coalition. Appalachian J, 61-72.
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Media and Other Individuals From

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23301637

In fact, when actual harm seems imminent, the government has more leeway to restrict the speech. Fighting words or words likely to result in harm to an individual fall into this category. The most notorious example is shouting "Fire" in a crowded theater. A more realistic example is the criminalization of terroristic threats.

) in an essay of at least two well-developed paragraphs, explain how laws related to capital punishment have changed since the early 1970s

At the beginning of the 1970s, capital punishment was legal throughout the United States, though execution rates varied tremendously by state. However, in 197, in the case of Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 38 (197), the Supreme Court suspended capital punishment throughout the states. The Court found that capital punishment violated the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. However, it is important to realize that the violation did not come from the…… [Read More]

2) in an essay of at least two well-developed paragraphs, explain how laws related to capital punishment have changed since the early 1970s

At the beginning of the 1970s, capital punishment was legal throughout the United States, though execution rates varied tremendously by state. However, in 1972, in the case of Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238 (1972), the Supreme Court suspended capital punishment throughout the states. The Court found that capital punishment violated the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. However, it is important to realize that the violation did not come from the actual executions, but from the way that the states carried out their capital punishment procedures. Therefore, beginning in 1976, many states retooled their capital punishment laws and, once again, began sentencing defendants to death.

Since 1976, the capital punishment statutes of many states sought to address the Court's concerns that capital punishment was arbitrary. Some states adopted mandatory capital punishment statutes for certain types of murder, though those were later found to be unconstitutional. Other states adopted bifurcated proceedings, where guilt and punishment were established in separate stages. To determine whether or not to impose the death penalty, juries were called upon to consider aggravating and mitigating factors. In 1977, the Court determined that the death penalty violated the Eighth Amendment if imposed for rape, setting the standard that only murder could be a capital offense in state tribunals, though treason, espionage, and certain military crimes may still be capital offenses. There have been various challenges to the means of execution, so that executions must be carried out in as painless and humane manner as possible. The rules surrounding executions remained fairly consistent from the late 1970s until the early 2000s. However, in the early 2000s, two cases placed major restrictions on capital punishment, which brought the United States more into alignment with international humanitarian standards. First, the Court prohibited the execution of mentally retarded individuals. Next, the Court prohibited the execution of those who were minors at the time of commission of the offense. While all of these changes have not eliminated the death penalty and have been based on the premise that state-sanctioned executions are not unconstitutional, they shown an increasing awareness of the human rights issues