Government Take To Protect Children Term Paper

Length: 10 pages Sources: 8 Subject: Children Type: Term Paper Paper: #39439117 Related Topics: Child Prostitution, Pornography, Government Agencies, Government
Excerpt from Term Paper :

This is largely due to the global nature of the phenomenon as the Internet is indeed the trademark of interdependence and globalization. The relations and connections it facilitates allow people around the world to come together in all sorts of activities, and, inevitably, pornography is one of them. Therefore, this type of complexity demanded a thorough response from the part of the authorities both at global and at the national level.

From a global perspective, the phenomenon is dealt with by numerous international organizations. On the one hand, the United Nations has been promoting concerted action in this field through the Economic and Social Council that supervises the activities of the Human Rights Council. Its annual reports on the state of children around the world have improved the visibility of child pornography as a contemporary problem. From this point-of-view, the Council monitories the evolution of national states and its elaboration of reports represents the final result of this systematic control. Thus, child pornography is addressed in a wide context and the conclusions reached make it possible for the organization, through its specialized organs and agencies, to advise and guide states to take the necessary actions to improve their record in the field.

In order to make the connection between the global level and the national one in terms of action activity, the commission for Human Rights authorizes the elaboration of these reports on the one hand, and of action guidelines on the other. Therefore, in 2005, the institution reported on the overall implications of child pornography, but it does so only based on information provided by the national governments. This comes to prove the importance of the interdependent ratio between the Commission and the national states. At the same time however, this relationship relies on the goodwill and good faith of the states involved, as some countries may ponder between sending or not accurate, reliable and true information over to the Commission for it to draft its report. Despite this impediment, this system involving both resources with authority at the global level and information and infrastructure at the national one represents the result of the complementarities needed to face up to such a transnational phenomenon.

Another important institution that places child pornography as head of the list of modern evils, and one that has tried to take action for preventing its spread while acknowledging the role the Internet plays, is Child Net International. According to its own status, Child Net is a nonprofit organization "working with others to "help make the Internet a great and safe place for children." (Child Net International, 2004) it promotes a similar action guide as the rest of the international organizations is by placing great importance on cooperation at the supranational level, counting on the support of the nation states directly involved. Still, it does not exclude the participation of any party interested in joining the global cause against child pornography on the Internet, thus, "Child Net International's mission is to work in partnership with others around the world." (Child Net, 2004)

In their attempt to influence the evolution of the phenomenon, they have established a series of guidelines and action plans that are meant to set the working areas both for the organization and for the cooperation with the other parties involved. Thus, it considers it important to focus on the instruction of children in the proper use of the Internet's resources; also, the organization tries to play a role in "Helping children and young people acquire new "net literacy" skills and giving advice to industry, organizations, parents, teachers, and care takers about Internet and mobile safety."(Child Net, 2004) Thus, they emphasize the need for proper educational training and an adequate use of the resources available on the virtual net. Finally, the third important area of action is represented by the initiative to directly address the issue of online child exploitation as well as elaborating and influencing policies in the matter.

Overall, it can be said that international organizations, be they a result of intergovernmental participation or nonprofit institutions, all see cooperation among states and every party willing to get involved as the most important element in the strategy designed to tackle child pornography and its spread on the legislation on child pornography. This legal vacuum leaves a dangerous gap that exposes children to the risk of abuse, further increased by the impunity factor." (UN Economic and Social Council, 2004, 2) Child pornography presented on the Internet bares different masks, which vary from merely possessing pornographic material on one's personal computer to actually being engaged in activities meant to encourage or promote pornographic behavior. The wide range of actions that must be covered by the national legislation has made the latter become inadequate for the challenges facing our society from this point-of-view. For instance, while the possession of pornographic material, in any form of shape, is punishable by law, and therefore considered to be a crime, other means of Internet interaction such as grooming, or luring, that is "online enticement of children for sexual acts," is yet to be properly addressed by the criminal system. (UN Economic and Social Council, 2004) From this point-of-view, additional legislative measures should by taken by the states in order to address the evolving practices of those engaged in child pornography on the internet.

In addition, another important step states must make for a better control over the phenomenon is the improvement of the criminal legal system that would somehow exclude the treatment of children as criminals and consider them as victims of those practicing pornography. It has been common practice for children who are involved in such act to be considered for criminal charges for having, knowingly or otherwise, be part of Internet pornography. However, this is psychologically unfair, especially taking into account the emotional stress they are faced with both during the actual activities and afterwards, as part of a criminal trial. This is why it is important to bear in mind the vulnerable capacity of the child and to ensure that the legal system treats him as a victim, and not as a criminal.

The proper way for dealing with child pornography on the internet, as stated before, is represented by the joint action of different segments of the society, be it state authorities or the civil society. This is why programs supporting the cooperation between the state and the NGOs present in a certain country are benefic and could influence the current state of affairs concerning pornography. A relevant example is Brazil's initiative to improve the cooperation between the state authorities and national and international organizations in order to deal with the alarming situation present in the country. The plan involved the Government, the civil society and the private sector as well, thus it was a joint action that benefited from the financial and public support of all the important actors in Brazil. (UN Economic and Social Council, 2004)

The actions taken by the United States can be considered to have been relatively successful, at least from the point-of-view of the United Nations. This is obvious in the recent additional reports presented before the organization in which the United States is indeed accused of violating women's rights, but not of endangering the safety of minors or promoting pornographic behavior on the internet. (UN Economic and Social Council, 2006, 38) This could be the result of the series of measures taken at the level of the federal organizational chart and most importantly the FBI's Innocent Images National Initiative. It is a program designed with a double aim, on the one hand, it sets to "identify, investigate, and prosecute sexual offenders who use the Internet and other online services to sexually exploit children; and (b) to identify and protect child victims." (UN Economic and Social Council, 2004, 17) Their actions include undercover operations led by special agents who access suspected sexual predators and ultimately catch them in the act.

Another important segment of the strategy to prevent the spread of child pornography on the internet is the Internet Crimes against Children Task Force established by the Justice Department. Its main goal is to offer the logistical and financial support to local and state governments to implement actions and measures meant to deal with cyber-enticement and…

Sources Used in Documents:


Child Net International. (2004) Retrieved 14 March 2007, at

Council of Europe. (2001). Convention on cybercrime. Retrieved 14 March 2007, at

Interpol.(2006) Crimes against children. Retrieved 14 March 2007, from

Livingstone, S., Bober, M. (2004) UK Children Go Online, Economic and Social Research Council. Retrieved 14 March 2007, from
MAPI. La Pornographie Infantile sur Internet. Retrieved 14 March 2007, at
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. (2000) Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution, and child pornography. Retrieved 13 March, 2007, at
Williams, N. (n.d.)the Contribution of Hotlines to Combating Child Pornography on the Internet. Retrieved 14 March 2007, at
UN Economic and Social Council. (2004). Rights of the child. Retrieved 14 March 2007, at
UN Economic and Social Council.2006. Rights of the child. Addendum: Communications to and from Governments. Retrieved 14 March 2007, at
UN Economic and Social Council. (2003). Rights of the child. Retrieved 14 March 2007

Cite this Document:

"Government Take To Protect Children" (2007, March 14) Retrieved December 7, 2021, from

"Government Take To Protect Children" 14 March 2007. Web.7 December. 2021. <>

"Government Take To Protect Children", 14 March 2007, Accessed.7 December. 2021,

Related Documents
Child Prostitution in Asia Forcing Children Into
Words: 2841 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 37754613

Child Prostitution in Asia Forcing children into adult roles can lead to a destructive adulthood. This has been proven empirically and is beyond the realm of ethnocentrism. Physical and emotional abuse of children can destroy someone. Even worse is the type of abuse that is characterized by sexual activity and sexual interaction with children. Forcing a child to commit sexual acts before they are physically or mentally mature enough to handle

How Texas Family Code Laws Protect Children
Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 14223130

Texas Within the law protects children according to chapter 262 of Texas family code by removing the child from the home if the government official believes the child is in danger. They can remove the child from the home without a court order " A governmental entity with an interest in the child may file a suit affecting the parent-child relationship requesting an order or take possession of a child without

Child Abuse You Are an
Words: 3295 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 29002862

First, briefly define the Resiliency Model. Then, using this video as your case study: What concepts from the Resiliency Model can you identify that were illustrated in their stories? Describe and explain. Considerations include: Did you hear any recurring themes mentioned by more than one of these young adults? What did they describe as being most valuable to them during their foster care experiences? Consider some of their recommendations:

Children, Especially Teenagers, Are at
Words: 1762 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 38124496

Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 16(4): 99-114. Barrett, David & Melrose, Margaret (2012). Courting Controversy -- Children Sexually Abused Through Prostitution -- Are They Everybody's Distant Relatives but Nobody's Children? Child and Family Law Quarterly, 15(4): 371-382. McCabe, Kimberly (2007). The Role of Internet Service Providers in Cases of Child Pornography and Child Prostitution. Social Science Computer Review, 26(2): 247-251. Streetlight USA (2012). The Issue. Accessed 18 July 2012 at U.S. Department

Children Act 1989
Words: 2359 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 20522907

Though some have called for the abolition of the substitute parent juvenile justice system, Gardner argues that the punitive model need not result in such an abolition or in the reincorporation of the juvenile justice system into the adult system (Gardner 1987, pp. 129-151). The earlier American system was based on similar concerns raised more recently about the UK system and was also based on a view of protecting children.

Children's Safety on the Internet
Words: 4143 Length: 15 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 97494937

" However surprisingly, there have been arguments for pornography and have stated that it encourages experimentation with new media and any act to censor it would go against the First Amendment which has not only intellectual, moral, political, and artistic value, but practical and economic value as well. It is believed that the First Amendment supports accepting adults, unrestrained by censorship, to search for innovative ways to use new media and