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Compassion Fatigue refers to the potential emotional, spiritual and physical exhaustion experienced by the helping professionals out of repeated exposure to the client's emotional pain. Compassion Fatigue is capable of impacting professional or personal life of a caregiver with symptoms like difficulty in concentrating, emotional distancing or numbness, intrusive imagery, irritability, exhaustion as well as loss of hope. It has even been termed as "the cost of caring" because it can easily affect professionals in any field who happen to come in contact with persons who have been affected by emotional pain or trauma (Compassion Fatigue Awareness Project, 2012). Counselors experiencing compassion fatigue are capable of noticing that they are not emotionally available to themselves or to other important people in their lives.
Described as acknowledgement of another's suffering, compassion tends to be accompanied by expression of a desire of easing or ending the suffering, it forms…
Adams, R., Boscarino, J., & Figley, C. (2006). Compassion fatigue and psychological distress among social workers: A validation study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(1), 103-108.
Compassion Fatigue Awareness Project, (2012). What is Compassion Fatigue?
Hooper, C., et al. (2010). Compassion satisfaction, Burnout, and Compassion Fatigue Among
At its most extreme, the type of technology that is most distancing is the type of automated voice phone system that is the first point of contact for many patients between themselves and their insurance companies. I have witnessed patients waiting to discover if a procedure is covered, if a doctor is in-network, or an answer as to what laboratory their blood work should be sent. Other technologies, like electronic recordkeeping can be helpful, but can also distance the nurse from the patient if it is used as a substitute for thorough face-to-face interviews. And some technologies can bring nurse and patient closer together, like those that facilitate efficiency or enable the patient to contact a healthcare provider while being cared for at home.
One of the reasons I have chosen a career in nursing is that I do not feel comfortable making a living behind a computer, and not…
Simpson, Roy. (2001, January). "Compassion meets the computer age." Nursing Management.
For example, a hospice nurse who experiences debilitating loss and grief at every death would be just as hampered in the performance of her duties as a hospice nurse who was unable to empathize with her patients and their families.
Likewise, it is important to realize that some of the technical aspects of nursing education may actually not encourage compassion in nurses. One of a nurse's critical skills is being able to evaluate the severity of a condition or of a patient's presenting symptoms. Therefore, a well-trained nurse might be very confident that a patient's symptoms do not indicate a serious problem, even if the patient is experiencing stress and fear. This may result in behavior towards the patient that the patient perceives as somehow being callous or lacking compassion. What this demonstrates is that empathy is impacted by education. Student values can change as the result of both formal…
Davison, N., & Williams, K. (2009). Compassion in nursing 1: Defining, identifying, and measuring this essential quality. Nursing Times, 105, 36.
Johnson, M. (2008). Can compassion be taught? Nursing Standard, 23(11)19-21.
Compassion Fatigue Among Nurses
Many professionals in the nursing field enter this field with the view of helping others through offering empathetic care for patients with various kinds of conditions including physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual care needs. Therefore, this profession can be regarded as a hard physical, emotional, and spiritual work that can also be very satisfying and rewarding. Given the nature of the nursing profession and practice, these professionals are increasingly likely to suffer from burnout or compassion fatigue. This paper explores compassion fatigue among nurses in light of the demands of providing care to patients with varying health care needs such as physical, emotional, spiritual, and psychological needs. The examination includes a literature review on the topic, analysis of evidence, implications of practice, and recommendations and conclusions.
Wisniewski (2013) describes the nursing profession as a hard physical, spiritual, and emotional work that is also very…
Braunschneider, H. (2013). Preventing and Managing Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Nursing. ESSAI, 11(11), 14-18.
Boyle, D.A. (2011, January). Countering Compassion Fatigue: A Requisite Nursing Agenda. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 16(1). Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/ OJIN/TableofContents/Vol-16-2011/No1-Jan-2011/Countering-Compassion-Fatigue.html
"Compassion Fatigue." (2014). ENA Topic Brief. Retrieved from Emergency Nurses Association
-- Institute for Quality, Safety & Injury Prevention website: http://nursing.ouhsc.edu/Research/documents/EBP/Compassion-Fatigue.pdf
In this instance, I realized that I was not acting sincerely, and I consider faking compassion far worse than acting without it in such a circumstance. hile the fact that I already possessed empathy and responsibility aided in my acting compassionately, at certain times throughout the day, I didn't feel like my true self.
In my mind, there are no costs to behaving compassionately, as I saw nothing but benefits from my Day of Compassion. Some researchers have found that acting with compassion and altruism not only reduces stress, but can have positive health effects on an individual such as the suppression of disease activity and the activation of immune responses (Sternberg, 4). In understanding this, it's clear to see that we as human beings are wired to act compassionately, and can only benefit from doing so. Further, the individuals with whom I interacted seemed to notice my compassion in…
Sternberg, Esther. "Approaches to Defining Mechanisms by which Altruistic Love
Affects Health," Web. Retrieved from: http://www.unlimitedloveinstitute.org/publications/pdf/whitepapers/Mechanisms_Altruistic [Accessed on 15 November 2011].
Young-Mason, Jeanine. "Understanding Suffering and Compassion," in Cross Currents,
51(3): pp. 347-359. Fall 2011. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Prevent Compassion Fatigue
Compassion fatigue has been referred to as "the cost of caring" for others in several fields of work -- notably healthcare, social work and other professions in which empathy and hands-on human assistance can lead to something close to burnout. Compassion fatigue is described as a "…stress response that emerges suddenly and without warning and includes a sense of helplessness, isolation and confusion" (Slocum-Gori, 2011, p. 173). The difference between compassion fatigue and burnout is that a person who is experiencing compassion fatigue can "…still care and be involved" with clients -- albeit in a way that is somewhat "compromises" (Slocum-Gori, 173). But on the other hand, a professional suffering from burnout is in danger of becoming ineffective; and burnout can happen in any profession, while compassion fatigue relates specifically to those in the helping profession.
Area 2: My Personal Self-Care Plan
The literature on compassion fatigue…
Ruysschaert, Nicole. (2009). (Self) Hypnosis in the Prevention of Burnout and Compassion
Fatigue for Caregivers: Theory and Induction. Contemporary Hypnosis, 26(3), 159-172.
Slocum-Gori, Suzanne, Hemsworth, David, Chan, Winnie WY, Carson, Anna, and Kazanjian,
Arminee. (2011). Understanding Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue and Burnout: A survey of the hospice palliative care workforce. Palliative Medicine (27(2),
Caregiver Burnout and Compassion Fatigue
Caregiver Compassion Fatigue
Those who care for others as part of their professional duties must understand the nature of caregiver fatigue and the basics of caring for oneself. Generally, the focus of a caregiver remains on the care recipient to such a degree that personal limitations are ignored and self-care principles are shunted to the background. Caregivers rarely have realistic expectations about the long-term impact of caregiving, and invariably consider themselves up to the challenge. The immediacy of caregiving tends to obfuscate considerations about self-care and the end result is that caregivers tend not to develop a long-term plan for their own health and care. Simple issues such as pacing oneself seem unreasonable or impossible to attain in the stressful environment of caregiving.
Warning signs of compassion fatigue. It is normal for people who are engaged in long-term care of others to experience stress and…
Bush, N.J. (2009). Compassion fatigue: Are you at risk? Oncology Nursing Forum, 36 (1).
Chen, C.K., Lin, C., Want, S., and Hou, T. (2009, September). A study of job stress, stress coping strategies, and job satisfaction for nurses working in middle-level hospital operating rooms. Journal of Nursing Research, 17 (3).
Ekedahl, M. And Wengstrom, Y. (2008). Coping processes in a multidisciplinary healthcare team: A comparison of nurses in cancer care and hospital chaplains. European Journal of Cancer Care, 17, 42-48.
Espeland, K.E. (2006, July / August). Overcoming burnout: How to revitalize your career. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 37 (4).
Universal Compassion" by Natalia Ginzburg
eading Natalia Ginzburg's essay "Universal Compassion," I felt her dismay. In today's society the victimizer always has an excuse for his actions. It seems as if no one wants to accept responsibility for his or her actions. Everyone is a victim.
Personally, I am weary of the lack of personal accountability that is rampant in the world today. It's almost as if from infancy we learn to blame our errors on someone else. For example, my eight-year-old daughter Jazmine, can give me a million reasons why her homework is not complete. As I listen patiently, I visualize the adult she could become and I inevitably become furious. The scenario, which I see in my mind's eye, is bleak. I see an extraordinarily beautiful woman letting go of life's great prospects escape her because she's too busy making excuses. As I reel myself back to the…
statue "The Bodhisattva of Compassion (Guanyin) Seated in Royal Ease," from China, 1000-1100, a gazer is first struck by the what might be termed the 'royalty' of the piece. In other words, the sculpture is extremely ornate yet lifelike in its quality. The construction and the Mahayana Buddhist religious ideation behind the work stress the removal of the deity from human nature, yet its compelling interest in human nature. It is created from Polychromed ood, and has a shining, almost painted appearance that gives its skin an almost human texture. It stands approximately 95 x 65 inches (241.3 cm) and was created in the Shanxi Province during the Liao Dynasty (A.D. 907-1125).
The statue specifically depicts the Bodhisattva Guanyin, the Chinese Buddhist deity of compassion and mercy, seating on a crag of rock, as if she were seated on a mountain, high above the gazer's eye level. However, Guanyin does…
Photograph of the statue available at http://www.nelson-atkins.org/collections/asia )
Buddhism: History and Diversity of a Great Tradition." The Philadelphia Museum of Art. Exhibition Catalogue.
Saunders, Dale. Buddhism: an Outline of its Origins. Toiko, Charles Tuttle, 1964
The Buddhist Religion: A Historical Introduction (fourth edition) by R.H. Robinson & W.L. Johnson (Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1997).
Pauperism was avoided by demanding that anyone able-bodied and mentally competent would be engaged in work, and if there was truly no paying job available for them they would still perform other manual labor for the charity organization in exchange for food and other necessities. No one, then would become a lifelong pauper, but would instead be able to eventually pull themselves out of poverty and again begin contributing fully to the community they were a part of. "Welfare" in the modern conception of the term would have been considered absolutely immoral, not to mention ill advised for purely practical and pragmatic. Not only was it not government's job to provide assistance for the needy, as the government was generally expected to refrain from engaging in moral and spiritual issues, but the providing of un-refereed cash assistance to individuals regardless of their ability to work for indefinite periods of time…
Fatigue and Compassion as Functions of Ethical Nursing
The American Nursing Association's Scope and Standards of Practice are designed to provide a blueprint for preempting and addressing the various challenges, pitfalls and procedurals norms of the profession. These help to draw a professional, ethical and practical connection that offers a basic outline for that which is expected of the registered nurse. Indeed, it is of critical benefit to the nursing professional and to the patient community that there exist some clearly elaborated set of ethical standards that pertains directly to sometimes difficult to identify challenges such as bedside manner and fatigue. The American Nursing Association (ANA) provides just such standards, and these function to significantly aid in the decision-making, workplace culture and treatment processes undertaken by nurse professionals.
Ethical orientation is an important feature of a nursing team, particularly as it impacts the morale of nurses and the treatment…
AIPPG. (2010). Betty Neuman's System Model. Nursing Theories.
American Nursing Association (ANA). (2004). Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice. Nursingbooks.
Canadian Nursing: The equirements of Quality Nursing Care
Critical Success Factors in Nursing
In order to become a good nurse, one must have a good education, experience, and compassion. Not one of these factors is more important than the other; rather a good nurse must demonstrate competency in all three in order to influence patient outcomes in a positive manner and be successful in the nursing field.
Nurses within the Canadian health care system are traditionally responsible for carrying out many different functions at one time. Nurses are typically in the unique position of providing quality patient care on a one to one basis. Their interaction with patients is generally much more intimate than that of physicians, and patients often find themselves turning to their nursing care provider for guidance and support. Thus it is critical that a nurse not only have the ability to provide sound medical advice and…
Al-Almaei, S., Albar, A.A., Hanif, M. & Mangoud, A."In comparison: A study of the competence of nurses and physicians in primary care practice." International Journal of Public Administration, 23(4):461
Campbell, D., Cascio, R., Clark, M., Rains, A. & Sandor, M.K. "Evaluating
critical thinking skills in a scenario-based community health course." Journal of Community Health Nursing, 15(1), 1998: 21.
Peternelj-Taylor, C.A. & Yonge, O. "Exploring boundaries in the nurse-client relationship: Professional roles and responsibilities." Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 29(2), 2003: 55
Ethical Compassion in Nursing
hat personal, cultural, and spiritual values contribute to your worldview and philosophy of nursing? How do these values shape or influence your nursing practice?
The role played by the nurse professional is highly consequential to the health outcomes experiences by patients. This means that the nursing profession must be highly regulated by clearly defined and positively reinforced ethical provisions. These provisions are given by the ANA Nursing Code of Ethics and, in my personal experiences, are imperative as a way of dictating how we, as professionals, are expected to engage patients, required to relate to colleagues and trained to respect human dignity. This connection between ethicality and treatment quality contributes both to my personal worldview and to the broader field of nursing. ith specific reference to my experiences in the NICU and maternity wards, this connection takes on particular importance. Here, quality outcomes mean sound,…
Allen, D.E., & Vitale-Nolen, R.A. (2005). Patient care delivery model improves nurse job satisfaction. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 36(6), 277-282.
ANA. (2004). The Nurses Code of Ethics. The Center for Ethics and Human Rights.
Richards, Reverend, former member of the senior staff of the Episcopal Bishop, also expressed concerns regarding Nouwen. Richards questioned whether Nouwen as the "wounded healer" encouraged "a kind of displayed vulnerability and a disincentive to growth that does not serve the priest or the church well."
In the final years of his life, Nouwen, admitted publically that he was a homosexual and "ministered" to others, not out of his strengths, but out of his own wounds.
In the essay, he co-authored with Donald P. McNeill and Douglas a. Morrison, Compassion: A Reflection on Christian Life, Nouwen wrote that compassionate people go directly to those who are suffering most and lives with them there. Compassion, Nouwen stressed, does not comprise a "bending toward the under privileged from a privileged position; & #8230;not a reaching out from on high to those… less fortunate below; & #8230; not a gesture of sympathy…
"About Henri Nouwen." HenriNouwen.org. Available at, ?
Cloud, David. "Henri Nouwen," Available at, http://www.wayoflife.org/files/54e57520d9bdb070befbdd992cbae139-313.html . Internet. Accessed 27 February 2010.
LaNoue, Deirdre. The spiritual legacy of Henri Nouwen. New York, NY: Continuum International Publishing Group Inc. 2000.
Compassion Fatigue Evaluation
The term caregiver has a number of meanings in contemporary medical jargon. It can be the unpaid family member of someone requiring acute care, it can be a certified medical worker, or it can be someone in the social services field that either supervises care or is actually hands on. The person receiving care may be in the hospital, hospice, a nursing facility, or even at home. The quality and quantity of care changes, too, based on the circumstances of the individual. Most caregivers in the United States tend to be female (60-75%), and there are about 50 million people directly involved in the field, with 30% aged 65 of older. It is also interesting to note that "free" caregiving services provide over $300 billion in aid, more than twice as much as is actually spent on homecare and nursing home services in total (Selected Caregiver Statistics,…
Caregiving Statistics. (2010, February). Retrieved from National Family Caregivers Association: http://www.thefamilycaregiver.org/who_are_family_caregivers/care_giving_statstics.cfm
Selected Caregiver Statistics. Retrieved from Circlecenterads.info: http://www.circlecenterads.info/documents/FCAPrint_SelectedCaregiv...pdf
Baranowsky, A. (2008). Compassionate Fatigue Specialist Test. Retrieved from: Retrieved from: www.psychink.com.
Compassion Fatique Awareness Project. (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.compassionfatigue.org/pages/compassionfatigue.html
Compassion Fatigue and Secondary Trauma
It is now six months after the attack on the nuclear power facility and low level radiation release. The critical incident stress management plan has been an affect and long-term intervention strategies are now in place. However, it is now time to consider the effects of long-term stress from managing those that have stress related to the critical incident. This research will consider the effects of compassion fatigue on staff and secondary stress on those who have to treat first responders and in their families.
Symptoms of Secondary Trauma Among Family Members and Staff
The issue of secondary trauma among family members was addressed previously in the overall critical incident stress management plan. Family members were offered services when requested by them. At the time of the incident, supervisors were requested to schedule workers on rotating shifts with adequate time off for rest and stress…
Figley, C. (1995). Compassion Fatigue: Coping with Secondary Traumatic Stress. Routledge,
Clair, M. (2006, August). The Relationship between Critical Incidents, Hostility, and PTSD
Symptoms in Police Officers. Retrieved from http://idea.library.drexel.edu/bitstream/1860/1118/1/Clair_Mary.pdf
The author of this report has been asked to take and assess two surveys. Once getting the results of the surveys, the author is to answer several questions. The first question asks the author how the author would deal with compassion fatigue if and when it rears its head. The second question asks how these reactions and other things lead to one's improvement (or regression) in terms of spiritual growth. While most people want to be compassionate towards those in need, there are people that game the system, live self-destructive lives and otherwise end up where they are due to their own choices and vices.
When it comes to the inventory portrayed in the first part of the assignment, the author of this report did quite well. That being said, there were a few questions that the author could not give a positive response for. When…
Donaldson, D. (2015). Overcoming Compassion Fatigue. RELEVANT Magazine.
Retrieved 19 April 2015, from http://www.relevantmagazine.com/reject-apathy/worldview/features/26062-overcoming-compassion-fatigue
Zigarelli, M. (2015). Overcoming Compassion Fatigue | Christianity 9 to 5.
Christianity9to5.org. Retrieved 19 April 2015, from http://www.christianity9to5.org/overcoming-compassion-fatigue/
Compassion and Ethics in Healthcare
Do you agree with Mark's decision not to tell Annie about the seriousness of her illness?
Often, families tend to ask physicians to withhold a serious or terminal prognosis or diagnosis from the patient. In this case, Mark's motive is laudable; he wants to spare Annie the possibly harmful experience of hearing the painful or difficult facts. However, this fear seems to be unfounded. For instance, the physician's thoughtful discussion with Mark, reassuring him that the disclosure will be conducted in a sensitive manner, could help allay this concern (Ozawa-De et al. 146). Nevertheless, in this scenario, Mark has revealed to the physician that disclosure of the diagnosis might cause real and predictable harm; hence withholding is appropriate.
Should the physician have spoken to Annie as to the seriousness of her illness?
I believe that the physician has the right to withhold information about the…
Ozawa-De Silva, Brendan R. et al. Compassion and Ethics: Scientific And Practical Approaches To The Cultivation Of Compassion As A Foundation For Ethical Subjectivity And Well-Being. Journal of Healthcare, Science and the Humanities, 2012, Volume II (1): 145-161
Wendy J. Austin. The Incommensurability of Nursing as a Practice and the Customer Service Model: An Evolutionary Threat to the Discipline. Nursing Philosophy, 2011, vol. 12(3): 158-166
Moreover, it is unclear whether Jim has attempted to reestablish any meaningful contact with his children; rather, his entire focus has been on becoming a better person. While there is certainly nothing wrong with that goal in and of itself (it is, after all, a universal human quality), he appears to have pursued this goal to the total exclusion of making any substantive reparations to his family. Finally, it is interesting that Jim somehow feels compelled to tell others -- including potential employers -- about his criminal past and his current status in treatment, as if this ongoing commitment to all-out honesty somehow absolves him from a deceptive and duplicitous history, or at least helps to explain it (which it does if one is interested). According to Jim, "Entering into society again was very difficult. I had lost my business, my friends and was now divorced. After leaving jail, I…
Black's law dictionary. (1991). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Bryant, J.K. (2009, June). School counselors and child abuse reporting. Professional School
Counseling, 12(5), 130-132.
Bryant, J. & Milsom, a. (2005, October). Child abuse reporting by school counselors.
The two surveys taken for this assignment both hone in on what can lead to a "running out" of compassion as well as burnout in general. Indeed, people's emotional and compassion reservoirs can only hold so much. Further, if those reservoirs are tapped too much for too long, they become exhausted and this leads to emotional exhaustion and burnout. When it comes to the quizzes themselves, the spiritual and emotional maturity quiz was indeed the more fascinating and intricate, at least in the perception of the author of this response. The six principles identified as part of the wider model as well as the level of maturity that can be had for each part of the model are very well-designed and crafted. Indeed, all facets of our maturity are on a sliding scale that ranges from infant to adolescence and it should be the goal of every person,…
In Ethics for a New Millennium, His Holiness the Dalai Lama discusses ethics from a universal perspective that transcends both religion and the jargon of scholastic philosophy. The study guide that accompanies Ethics for a New Millennium states, "with the growing secularization and globalization of society, we must find a way that transcends religion to establish consensus as to what constitutes positive and negative conduct, what is right and wrong and what is appropriate and inappropriate," (Los Altos Study Group 2). The Dalai Lama opens Ethics for a New Millennium with a general discourse about the nature of ethics, and the goal of ethics. For the Dalai Lama, the goal of ethics is relatively simple: to maximize happiness for all people. However, the Dalai Lama is not a utilitarian The Dalai Lama combines the traditionally utilitarian view that ethics serve the greatest good for the greatest number, with…
His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Ethics for the New Millennium. New York: Hudson, 1999.
Los Altos Study Group. "Study Guide for Ethics for the New Millennium. Retrieved online: http://www.dalailamafoundation.org/dlf/en/documents/enm-study-guide-2007-09-07.pdf
This discussion provides an in-depth analysis of the whole situation about Christian counseling. Through the book, Anderson has been able to come up with themes that could come in handy in counseling. Throughout the text, there is general agreement that Christianity is particularly noteworthy in seeking the way forward in the counseling of individuals. Spiritual warfare is one such theme that no single Christian counselor should ignore. An individual is disturbed spiritually, and this is the reason that prompts for prayers. In accordance to the scriptures, prayers are the role of an individual. The obligation of praying is left to the counselor and the individual. Anderson also argues of the seeking of a holistic approach in the treatment of a person. There are different reasons that lead an individual to the edge and force them to seek for counseling. Therefore, the counselor should try to use a method…
Anderson, N.T. (2003). Discipleship counseling. Ventura, Calif: Regal.
Bailey, P.T. (2008). Spiritual warfare: Defeating the forces of darkness. Longwood, Fla.: Xulon
Malony, H.N., & Augsburger, D.W. (2007). Christian counseling: An introduction. Nashville:
university is, as Fr. Lawton believes, a sacred place where you find "your imagination, develop your skills, and enrich your compassion," then it has an enormous task in the world as we know it today. In the world as we know it today, the very term sacred is on the endangered species list. And yet, sacred is perhaps the underpinning of it all.
There are any number of vaguely similar definitions of sacred in any number of dictionaries. The one that I think applies best here is this one:
regarded with the same respect and reverence accorded holy things; venerated; hallowed. (Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language)
Universities were, in the early days, almost monastic in that there was total dedication of the professors and those being professed to -- the students -- to what they were learning. And what they were learning was, first and foremost, how…
As to my "negative characteristics": I do indeed get frustrated when my children forget their manners and behave poorly; I have a habit of losing track of time occasionally when I'm deeply involved in a project; as indicated earlier, I trust people too soon; I have a tendency to do things perfectly the first time, which can cause stress; and five, I become very intense when I see that something needs to be done around the house immediately.
In order to make positives out of my negatives, I believe in the Chinese ideogram that says obstacle and challenge are really the same thing - it's all in how you approach the problem. I work hard to keep my moods in a positive flow, and although we humans are sometimes the product of our emotions, professionals strive to control emotions and see life in its full perspective.
As to motivation, I…
According to the South Carolina Nurse Practice Act, the practice of nursing includes "the provision of services for compensation," and the use of "nursing judgment." Nursing judgment is clearly defined as "the logical and systematic cognitive process of identifying pertinent information and evaluating data in the clinical context in order to produce informed decisions." The South Carolina Nurse Practice Act is lengthier than either of the other two definitions provided here. It deals directly with practical and mundane matters related to the profession such as monetary reward for the practice of nursing; the different classes of nurses, "commensurate with the educational preparation," and other official areas of interest: "Nursing practice occurs in the state in which the recipient of nursing services is located." While this definition lacks the inclusion of terms like "compassion," nurses must be firmly grounded in the practical matters of the profession as outlined by the Nurse…
Stuntzner's (2014) study on the concept of "self-compasision" as a component in rehabilitation counseling and the study by Hartley, Johnston and Tarvydas (2015), which focuses on the use of social media advocacy in rehabilitation counseling both examine ways that rehabilitation counseling can be improved through the implementation of different variables. This paper will critique and compare the two studies and show how their findings can be used to help rehabilitation counselors better their own profession in the field.
Stuntzner's (2014) article is based on a literature review of the concept of "self-compassion" as a construct so as to determine how this idea might be applied to rehabilitation counseling to help reduce "negative thoughts, feelings, and outcomes while also promoting positive ones" (p. 37). Stuntzner's findings indicate that self-compassion is a concept that can be more clearly defined and utilized by counselors to assist in the healing of persons with disabilities.…
Hartley, M., Johnston, S., Tarvydas, V. (2015). The ethics and practice of social media advocacy in rehabilitation counseling. Journal of Rehabilitation, 81(1): 42-51.
Stuntzner, S. (2014). Compassion and self-compassion: Exploration of utility as potential components of the rehabilitation counseling profession. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 45(1): 37-44.
The main concern in virtue ethics becomes about a person's moral character. When people choose to develop their moral character, better virtues will be created, and thus there will be more people acting in virtuous ways in all aspects of their lives -- and this includes how they treat all animals.
One example to be considered when thinking about how a person with a strong sense of virtue might behave is to counter it with how a person with a strong sense of duty might behave. From a duty sense, if one were a livestock farmer, he or she might believe that his or her duty lies in what is best for the people because, after all, the job is about raising livestock for slaughter, which will then become food for people. Therefore, the first duty would be to humans and the second duty to animals (Panaman 20008) (which may…
Garner, R. (2005). Animal ethics. Cambridge: Polity.
Gruen, L. (2011). Ethics and animals: An introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press;
Hursthouse, R. (2000). Ethics, humans and other animals: An introduction with readings. New York: Routledge.
King's Speech and What's Eating Gilbert Grape.
A central theme in life which is reflected in many films is the value of relationships and particularly of family and friends. This theme expands on the way in which the help of family and friends assist in overcoming obstacles in life. It is a perennial favorite in literature and movies and forms the foundations of many works of art. Support and encouragement from others also often leads to an increase in the sense of self-efficacy, or a belief in oneself which provide the impetus and strength to overcome problems and obstacles in life.
This theme of support of friends and family and the way that this support assists an individual in overcoming hurdles and setbacks in life is clearly seen in these two films. However, as will be discussed, a comparison of the two films suggests a number of differences that can…
Unwin, G. ( Producer), & Tom Hooper ( Director) ( 2010).The King's Speech. [Motion
picture] United Kingdom: The Weinstein Company
Blomquist, A. ( Producer), & Hallstrom, H. ( Director) ( 1993). What's Eating Gilbert
Grape (Motion Picture). United Sates: Paramount Pictures.
271-272). This section claims that fathers tend to invest more in terms of time and money to their newborn baby boys than girls. When seen in the light of the patriarchal paradigm, I suppose it could be understood that more value is attached to baby boys than girls. Nonetheless, I find it surprising from my own point-of-view, since I would have thought that all children are equally important in their parents' eyes.
Another surprising thing is that women do not ascribe more importance to either baby boys or girls, but give either the same time and attention. Another surprising fact is however that an unmarried mother is more likely to marry the father of the unborn child when it is a boy. This could be connected to the fact that an older male figure in a child's life is seen as more important for boys than for girls. I suppose…
Resources have provided me with friendships and acquaintances across the human spectrum. As result, my best friend, colleagues, and supervisors are homosexuals.
I believe my professional background has contributed a great amount to the fact that I can see human beings for their inner qualities such as integrity and ethics. These are issues that manifest themselves across the human spectrum, regardless of sexual orientation, race, class, or gender. If any person manifests a solid set of values and integrity, I respect them on this basis. Surely this is better than jumping to generalized conclusions as a result of differences in orientation or appearance. I have learned to believe that everyone is truly equal, and entitled to the rights guaranteed by our constitution.
The messages internalized during my growing years steered me somewhat towards a prejudicial view, especially regarding gay people. I received no message regarding homosexuality from my parents, since they never discussed the issue with me.
They did however teach us to respect women. The older children and peers I grew up with furthermore provided only one-sided, stereotypical views of gay people. Gay bashing was a common practice, including name-calling. All my friends, including me, had anti-gay sentiments, and made no secret of this. I grew up in a neighborhood where my friends were mostly male, and I was in strong competition with both my friends and my brothers to show off my masculinity. I played baseball, football and basketball, and enjoyed hunting and fishing. Having grown up in this environment, I maintained my prejudicial perceptions until I attended college.
College life provided me with a new set of peers, friends, and a new perspective regarding gay people. I met people from across the human spectrum, and realized that there was no single "right" way to do or view things. I am therefore proud to say that I am able to change my views when I see that these are no longer necessary.
This might or might not mean that a business owner would adhere to generally accepted laws and codes. I do not think that I would like to live in such a world, since contradictions might too easily arise. Instead, I would add an extra element to the categorical imperative suggested by Kant.
De Waal's theory adds a dimension to Kant's categorical imperative. He claims that even animals have a culture of compassion and reciprocity, which is echoed in the human race. According to this theory, the rational mind is not the sole element in human decision making, but emotions such as empathy and compassion also play a role. One might therefore modify the maxim by saying I would maximize my profits within reasonable limits of empathy and reciprocity. In other words, as a business owner, I would empathize with the financial plight of my workers by paying them according to…
De Waal, F 2006, 'The animal roots of human morality', New Scientist, 192, 2573, pp. 60-61,
Kant, Immanuel. The Categorical Imperative
Choosing to pursue a higher education was a simple decision for me. I have never been a person to sit back while the world passed me by; I have always been an active participant in life. Throughout my school career, I have strongly believed that it is through education that change for the better can be brought to the world. I have witnessed teachers in all fields make such a different for their students because of the power of knowledge and education. This line of thinking often leads people into fields of study such as the sciences, where research may be conducted to better understand our physical world, or the humanities, where through thought and analysis we may find new ways to interpret and contribute to society. However, I chose a different path, but it remains one that may improve many lives. We live in a world which is…
Attarian, John. "Russell Kirk's Economics of the Permanent Things." The Freeman. April 1996, Vol. 46, No. 4. Reprinted by Liberty Haven. http://www.libertyhaven.com/thinkers/russellkirk/russellkirk.html
Marshall, Alfred. Principles of Economics. Prometheus Books, 1997.
Sarasvanthy, Saras. "Entrepreneurship as Economics with Imagination." Business Ethics Quarterly Special Issue on Ethics and Entrepreneurship. University of Washington School of Business. http://www.darden.virginia.edu/batten/pdf/WP0011.pdf
(d) etribution serves towards a constructive purpose of -- as Braithwhite calls it -- 'restorative shame' rather than 'stigmatizing shame'
In 1988, John Braithwaite published "Crime, shame, and eintegration" where he introduced his idea of restorative shaming (Braithwaite, 1997). The conventional criminal justice stigmatizes the individual in that it not only makes him a pariah of society thereby making it harder to reform himself, but also crushes his esteem, causing others to deride and shun him, accordingly often making him react in a reinforcing manner. Seeing himself as 'offender' and finding it extremely difficult to readjust and gain acceptance in society, the offender may be compelled to return to crime as way of livelihood to support himself and as a way of gaining the prestige and status that he m ay need and that he may, otherwise, not gain.
estorative justice, on the other hand, helps offender atone for his…
Acorn, a. (2004). Compulsory compassion: a critique of restorative justice Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press
Braithwaite, J. (1989) Crime, shame, and Reintegration New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Christie, N. (1977), Conflicts as Property, British Journal of Criminology, 17: 1-15.
Correctional Service of Canada. [Online] Retrieved from:
Thus Mary loves Tyrone, as when she says, "That was in the winter of senior year. Then in the spring something happened to me. Yes, I remember. I fell in love with James Tyrone and was so happy for a time," in the final act. But Mary and Tyrone's sameness as two people both keeps them together but creates mechanisms, such as addiction, that keep them apart.
This connection through denial, love, and addiction is also seen between mother and sons. At one point, Mary is seen, like Jamie, refilling the liquor bottle with water to keep the level the same. The family 'trick' keeps up appearances for both characters. This sameness in protective mechanisms of addiction seems both touching as well as tragic -- both child and mother protecting one another from one another's knowledge, through the same 'hiding' behavior, as if heredity creates both the hideous and debilitating…
Britannica. "Biography Eugene O'Neil." 2003. EONEILL on the web. http://www.eoneill.com/biography.htm [3 Mar 2005]
O'Neill, Eugene. "Long Day's Journey into Night." Yale University Press, 2002
Shafter, Yvonne. "Review of Long Day's Journey into Night." Plymouth Theatre, New York, New York, May 6-August 31, 2003 production. Review retrieved on O'Neill Website. http://www.eoneill.com/reviews/index.htm .[3 Mar 2005]
Jefferson Davis Views Towards Slavery
Jefferson Davis was the president of the confederation of America during the civil war when some states of the South threatened to form a separate State of America. He served as president from 1861 to 1865.[footnoteRef:1] [1: Spartacus Educational. Jefferson Davis. n.d. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASdavisJ.htm (accessed April 1, 2012).]
Jefferson Davis is famous for his controversial role during the war and his proslavery stance which is viewed in a negative light today. Although is views were led by good intentions on his behalf and his quest to protect the blacks from any oppression, it the ideology that drove these actions that have been controversial throughout history. His politeness, compassion and generosity towards his slaves and the black community in general were driven from the view that the blacks were an uncivilized community and that they needed to be tamed through slavery. In that respect he did not…
DeLombard, Jeanine Mary. "African-American Cultures of Print." In Cultures of Print, by David D. Hall, 360. Boston: University of Massuchusetts, 1996.
Fleming, Walter L. "Jefferson Davis, the Negroes and the Negro Problem." The Sewanee Review 16, no. 4 (October 1908): 407-427.
Gundaker, Grey. "Africans Americans, Print, and Practice." In An Extensive Republic: Print, Culture, and Society in the New Nation, 1790-1840, by Robert A. Gross and Mary Kelley, 483-495. North Carolina: UNC Press Books, 2010.
Spartacus Educational. Jefferson Davis. n.d. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASdavisJ.htm (accessed April 1, 2012).
WESLEY J. SMITH'S
TRUTH BOUT SSISTNCE"
Wesley J. Smith's analysis of euthanasia and assisted suicide is logically flawed in several ways. First, rather than discussing the main arguments supporting the idea in principle, Smith attacks the most extreme scenarios imaginable, and presents unethical and completely unconscionable applications of assisted suicide to which even its staunchest proponents object as strongly as do those opposed to it.
Likewise, his concern that the concept of duly appointed surrogates of patients no longer capable of expressing their wishes will send ethicist down the "slippery slope" leading to euthanizing "lzheimer's patients, mentally retarded people and, perhaps, children" is reminiscent of Tom Swift's " Modest Proposal." The only difference is that Swift's ridiculous proposal was intentionally satirical, whereas
Smith's hysterical concern that "an HMO doctor [might recommend] suicide as the best 'treatment'... [because] the doctor could be fired or lose bonus income for providing...too much care…
Another central element of the flawed reasoning underlying the initial expectation of a correlation between active listening and happy marriages was illustrated by Howard Markman, a psychologist at the University of Denver, and author of Fighting for your Marriage (1994). According to Markman, when active listening does succeed, it is simply because it often works as a method of "help[ing] couples disrupt the negative patterns that predict divorce." On the other hand, it is not technique commonly used by untroubled couples.
In light of the fact that the initial assumption of the value of active listening in marital therapy, in the first place, was based on flawed reasoning, it hardly supports any specific logical conclusion deriving from the failure of that particular hypothesis.
Similarly, the mere fact that a more emotionally involved and communicative husband is predictive of happier marriages (and marriages that are more likely to be salvaged in marital therapy) hardly suggests that the solution to marital problems is simply for husbands to "give in to" their wives and do whatever their wives say.
It is evident that, individuals who are exposed to life-threatening events are at high risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as a result, critical incident stress debriefing does not necessarily reduce incidence of PTSD (Lewis, 2002). Due to societal costs of chronic PSTD, the mental health care professional manages to develop an early method for interventions (egel, 2010). Psychological stress debriefing was mainly designed to prevent and mitigate emotional distress among individuals (egel, 2010). In summary, the paper will discuss on how critical incident stress debriefing does not reduce the incidenceof post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as, discussing whether preventing an officer from developing PTSD should be the measure of success for a critical incident stress debriefing.
According to egel (2010), Psychological briefing refers to a brief crisis intervention, which is administered to a person during the days of traumatic event. Psychological stress debriefing is significant because…
Lewis, G. (2002). Post-crisis stress debriefings. Behavioral Health Management, 22, 4.
Regel, S. (2010). Psychological debriefing -- does it work? Health Care Counseling & Psychotherapy Journal, 10(2), 14-18.
Outsourcing Compassion: Debriefing Trauma Patients. (2013). Outsourcing Compassion: Debriefing Trauma Patients. Retrieved December 13, 2013, from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4842962
Tapping into Young Children's Spirituality, Temperament, and Self-Control
Years ago, when school systems actually permitted religious instruction, children were able to tap into their own spiritual sides, and were able to process their feelings about their emotions and their concerns about the world against a more nuanced and detailed spiritual backdrop. This allowed them to have a clearer sense about moral values, feeling obedient vs. disobedient, engaging in respect, honesty, truth and communicating their feelings with compassion. By allowing students to have some sort of spiritual education, educators were ensuring that they would be able to more confidently shape these children into good people who were well-rounded and who had a clearer understanding of how to behave in the world, along with stronger values of what matters most to them. Parents have to offer their children the following aspects of care and education: building confidence, self-esteem and self-worth, nurturing their…
Flanagan, K.S., & Loveall, R. (2012). The spiritual craft of forgiveness: Its need and potential in children. Journal of Psychology & Christianity, 3(1), 3-15.
Karlsen, M.L., Coyle, A., & Williams, E. (2013). "they never listen": towards a grounded theory of the role played by trusted adults in the spiritual lives of children. Mental Health,
Religion & Culture, 17(3), 297-312.
Roehlkepartain, E.C. (2006). The handbook of spiritual development in childhood and adolescence. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
A uniquely firm and strong message, James 5:1-6 also lends itself to misinterpretation. As Pilch points out, “James does not really denounce wealth as such,” but rather, “condemns the injustice and inhumanity that so frequently accompany it,” (p. 367). James refers to atonement for labor exploitation, for example, and for unbridled greed at the expense of others. It is fully possible to preach compassion, tolerance, and inclusivity while also warning against the pitfalls of materialism. Pilch also shows how the James passage denounces social status and advocates for a true Christian community.
The Pope’s writings reflect the balanced perspective related to gospel readings that can be reinterpreted as harbingers of their era. Pope Francis speaks of our living in a “turning point in history,” marked by tremendous income and status disparities (p. 38). As much material and technological progress that has been made, the vast majority of the earth’s inhabitants…
Both men's appearance are said to repel the young, yet they attempt to safeguard their 'just' reputations -- Blindy even says directly that he earned his nickname in his infamous fight: "you seen me earn it" (495). Blindy says that Willie Sawyer's castrating him, although not blinding him was 'too much' during his final fight, as if bargaining with fate.
Eventually, some compassionate individual steps in to defend the reputation of the old men. In "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" the older waiter takes the old man's side when the younger waiter casts aspersions on the old man's lack of sexual prowess -- because, it is implied that he also lives alone in similar depression and isolation. Frank the bartender tells the story of Blindy's final fight. This is essential given that even if they men believe their fates are 'just' in some fashion, they are haunted by incomplete business in…
I also support the rights of grandparents to see their grandchildren, regardless of the relationship that is held between the child's parents. It can be difficult for a mother or father who is clearly estranged from the other parent to allow his or her child to see that other parent's parents. However, many times the grandparents have had nothing to do with the breakup of the family, and they have a good relationship with their grandchildren. Because of that, they should not be cut from the lives of their grandchildren just because the parents were not able to remain together. There can be extenuating circumstances, of course, but each case should be weighed on its own merits, instead of automatically cutting grandparents out of the lives of grandchildren and not providing them with any legal recourse for that when the parents of their grandchild decide not to remain together.
Ethics Leadership Analysis
One of the biggest advantages of globalization is that many different companies are able to receive cheap labor to produce a wide variety of products that are sold at numerous retail stores in the United States. However, an ugly facet to what has been happening, is that there are a number of different sweat shops in a host of regions around the world and in some cases within the U.S. itself. Evidence of this can be seen with an investigation that was conducted by the Department of Labor. They found that over half of the companies they were looking at, were breaking numerous labor laws by operating 10,000 of these kinds of facilities illegally inside the nation. At the same time, they discovered that a variety of governments around the world were encouraging these kinds of factories. (Elliot, 2009)
In the case of Kathie Lee Gifford, her…
Youth and Labor. (2011). Department of Labor. Retrieved from: http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/youthlabor/
Elliot, J. (2009). Santa's Little Sweat Shop. Albimonitor. Retrieved from: http://www.albionmonitor.com/sweatshop/ss-intro.html
Farrell, O. (2009). Business Ethics. Mason, OH: South Western.
National Labor Committee. (2000). Children Found Sewing Clothes for Wal Mart. Harvard Law School. Retrieved from: http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/lwp/NLC_childlabor.html
The Dangers of a Self-Aware, Big, Human Brains in Galapagos
Kurt Vonnegut is always concerned with humanity's satisfaction with itself. Many of Vonnegut's books center around how humans believe they are the most divine creations in the universe and act from that presumption as well. The arrogance is crippling. This is a main theme in his novel, Galapagos. Yes, the end of the world may be an event that is out of humanity's control, but more than likely, humans are going to contribute to their own destruction and have no one to blame but themselves. He values humility, compassion, and what it is to be humane, to have humane thoughts, and perform humane actions. Kurt Vonnegut writes to tell us that if humans do not become less selfish and more selfless as a species, it will be their doom. This is true for the novel Galapagos. People who lack…
Vonnegut, Kurt. Galapagos. Delacorte Press/Seymour Lawrence, NY, NY, 1985.
If all people followed these teachings, many of the social evils in the society such as stealing from each other, killing, mugging, rape, revenge, jealousy, etc. Molloy, 2009.
Therefore, religion is extremely important since it guides our day-to-day lives. eligion is also an important source of law as evidenced in sharia law and Canon law which is commonly used in the determination of cases and also in development of Public law.
One important thing that should be kept in mind is that every person is different and that they give varying relevance to religion. The importance of religion can be evaluated in how a person lives their life. As always, the actions of the individual should be evaluated and not their words. As the old English adage goes, "actions speak louder than words."
Flood, G. (2012). The Importance of eligion: Meaning and Action in Our Strange World. New York,…
Flood, G. (2012). The Importance of Religion: Meaning and Action in Our Strange World. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Hyman, C., & Handal, P.J. (2006). Definitions and Evaluation of Religion and Spirituality Items by Religious Professionals: A Pilot Study. Journal of Religion and Health, 45(2), 264-282.
Iii, N.J.D. (2002). A Sinner among the Saints: Confessions of a Sociologist of Culture and Religion. Sociological Forum, 17(1), 1-19.
Marks, L. (2006). Religion and Family Relational Health: An Overview and Conceptual Model. Journal of Religion and Health, 45(4), 603-618.
Life and Death: The Life Support Dilemma by Kenneth E. Schemmer M.D
Kenneth Schemmer in his thorough, thought provoking book brings to life the controversial subject of the life support issue. For years, many all over the country have pondered, "What if a person were in some kind of an accident and the physicians told them that they were not going to make it?" And all that he or she could do is just lie there in extreme pain waiting for their life to the end. Or even worse case scenario what if they happened to end up completely brain dead? These debated questions are taken on by Dr. Schemmer in making his point that life support decisions may not necessarily be the decision of the family, the doctor or the patient but by a higher being that gives life and takes life. Schemmer uses these controversial questions in his…
Court backs right to die | terminally ill have right to refuse medical life support. (1984, Dec 28). The San Diego Union, pp. A.1-1.
Ackerman, T. (2005, Mar 27). Life support battle shifts / A decade ago, patients families had to press for 'right to die. Houston Chronicle, pp. 1-B.1.
Allen, P. (2000, Oct 07). Right to die upheld despite new euro law, doctors can end life support rules judge. Daily Mail, pp. 33-33.
Dolan, M. (2001, Aug 10). Justices deal setback to right-to-die movement; health: State court bans removal of life support from conscious patients whose wishes are not clear. Los Angeles Times, pp. A.1-A.1.
Their primary duty is that of guiding the spiritual and religious aspects of the lives of their community members. They should give the highest priority to their duties towards the community including church service, counseling and other ceremonial functions required by their profession. As part of their professional and ethical duties, pastors are also required to show an interest in community development and increase their participation in community activities. This has become a necessity in modern culture because people expect institutions to take an interest and an active role in the community development efforts. Institutions cannot expect to benefit from the resources of the society and not give back. This is why business organizations, universities and even political parties make community development a part of their organization's commitment to the society and the people they serve. eligious institutions like the church are also expected to follow this example. The pastor,…
Arnold, W.V. (1982). Introduction to Pastoral Care. Westminster John Knox Press.
Bush, J.E. (2006). Gentle Shepherding: Pastoral Ethics and Leadership. Chalice Press.
Gula, R.M. (1996). Ethics in Pastoral Ministry. Paulist Press.
Hewart-Mills, D. (2011). Pastoral Ministry. Xulon Press.
There, I visited a children's hospital where all of the AIDS patients were under eight years old. When I asked how it was possible that such a large population of the afflicted were children, I was informed that their mothers were largely drug users and prostitutes. After the dissolution of communism, and the breakup of the Soviet Union, many persons were driven to desperate means to survive. Society and the formerly state-controlled healthcare system that provided some minimal guarantees of protection care and counseled preventative strategies to prevent infection. All of these had all broken down simultaneously in the 1990s. As if the plight of these children were not a great enough tragedy, the gifts and medical supplies brought to these unfortunate children had to be torn and opened so that they would not be stolen and sold by the staff to enrich themselves. This is a further example of…
A section of commentators have taken issue with the manner in which the federal government denied suspected terrorist the due process of law as stipulated under the constitution. The government even commissioned the establishment of a torture chamber in Guantanamo Bay. This amounts to gross violation of human rights and civil liberties. There is another clause in the patriot act dubbed "enhanced surveillance procedures," which allows federal authorities to gather foreign intelligence by breaching firewalls of 'terrorist nations.' This controversial foreign policy clause damaged the relationship between America and the Middle East.
A section of scholars argues that key players in the oil industry manipulated the United States to wage war against Afghanistan. According to an article published on the BBC World Service in December 2007, the execution of Saddam Hussein was unwarranted. Political scientists reckon that a cartel of multinational oil companies wanted to control the oil in…
Van Bergen, J. (2003) "In the Absence of Democracy: The Designation and Material Support Provisions of the Anti-Terrorism Laws." Cardozo Pub. [?] Law Policy & Ethics Journal 2 (2003): 107.
Luca, B (2004). American foreign policy and global governance, in A. Gobbicchi (ed.), Globalization, armed conflicts and security (Rubbettino/CEMISS, Roma) 112-127
Fawcett, L. (2009) International Relations of the Middle East (2nd ed.) Oxford University Press
Wishing to Pursue Graduate Study
Dr. Paul Farmer of Partners in Health was asked in an interview if he knew at a young age what he wanted to do or if it was an idea that evolved over time. He replied: "You can…grow into what you want to do…grow into your aspirations." I took that to mean that personal experiences can open our eyes to possibilities and that small successes can focus our attention on goals that once seemed too lofty. I have learned the importance of taking one step at a time and striving to excel in every stage before reaching for the next level. Like a rock climber, I have also learned to visualize my next handhold -- and picture myself achieving that goal even as I reach for it.
Despite some difficult life circumstances, I have been graced by my origins and my experiences as an immigrant.…
SPIRITUALITY IN YOUNG CHILDREN'S TEMPERAMENT AND SELF-CONTROL
The work of Roehlkeparta (2006) reports that the church congregation has an influence that is both direct and indirect upon the young person's development spiritually variously in their contact with the young person. Included int these contacts are religious education, service projects, youth groups and in contacts that also "extend to include the congregations engagement with families, intergenerational engagement and broader community involvement through the congregations public leadership, service, and action on behalf of children, adolescents and others in society." (Roehlkeparta, 2006, p.329) The congregation is also reported to play a role "in young people's spiritual nurture by building the capacity and sense of responsibility among everyone in the congregation to be attentive to nurturing the spiritual lives of children and adolescents..." ( Roehlkeparta, 2006, p. 329) This study contributes to the present study in the statement of the expectations that adults have…
Giesenberg, A. (2007) The Phenomenon of Preschool Children's Spirituality. Retrieved from: eprints.qut.edu.au/16519/?
Fowler, J. (1981). Stages of faith: The psychology of human development and the quest for meaning. Blackburn: Dove Communications.
Gottlieb, E. (2006). Development of religious thinking. Religious Education, 101(2), 242-260.
Roehlkepartain, EC (2006) The Handbook of Spiritual Development in Childhood and Adolescence. SAGE. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=PshgZRO 6 LfkC&dq=Roehlkepartain,+ E.+C.+(2006).+The+handbook+of+spiritual+developm ent+in+childhood+and+adolescence.&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Loma Linda University are particularly attractive and meaningful to you and why you have chosen to apply for advanced education.
I have been in search of an excellent academic program with top quality faculty that also suits my interests, aptitudes, and preferences in geographic locale. Loma Linda University meets all my needs. I grew up in Southern California, and wish to remain here during the course of my education because being close to family and friends is important to me. Loma Linda also supports a multicultural environment, and because I am of mixed heritage, I will feel most comfortable on this campus. I speak English, Spanish, and Chinese and look forward to interacting both with other students as well as faculty members during the pursuit of my advanced degree in health sciences. In fact, it was Loma Linda's commitment to a robust health sciences department that become the primary reason…
The most striking difference of this painting is the extensive use of gold leaf. A matured use of shadow and detail can be seen in this tangka, indicating a later, more developed art form. It lacks the detail to symmetry found in the other two examples as well. This piece provides an excellent contrast to the earlier two Tangka that were examined. it's attention to shading, clear outlines, and accents in gold may indicate the Menris school of the 1500s (Tibetanartschool.com).
Tangka paintings are an important part of Tibetian life. Many regional differences exist in the painting styles and techniques that are employed in the paintings. It might be noted that Tangkas in western Tibet take on a Chinese flavor. Tangkas of the religious nature are divided into three major portions. They are the top, middle and lower portions of the painting, representing the heaven, earth and underworld (U-wayttours.com).…
Asianart.com. Desire and Devotion: Art From India, Nepal, and Tibet in the John and Berthe
Ford Collection. < http://www.asianart.com/exhibitions/desire/tara.html > Accessed
November 23, 2010.
Rumsey, D. Green Tara.
An even more recent case of piracy, which occurred when a cruise ship was captured off the coast of Somalia, suggests the violence of piracy. Armed security personnel on the cruise ship traded fire with the pirates, who fled. Though no one was hurt, trading gunshots at sea was probably not what the passengers of the cruise ship had in mind when they signed up for the vacation (infield). It would not be surprising if the passengers and crew of the ship were forever scared by this frightening experience. These two incidents show that piracy today is not the piracy of literature; instead, it is a dangerous crime for both perpetrator and victim.
Thus, while pirates have traditionally been the beloved characters of adventures and children's novels, they no longer amuse and entertain us. Instead, they commit crimes that result in death and ruined lives. Because of this, Vandergrift wonders…
Winfield, Nicole. "Italy cruise ship fires on Somali pirates." Google News. 26 April
2009. The Associated Press. 26 April 2009.
In this short news article, the author describes Somali Pirates' attempt to take an Italian cruise ship, which carried around 1500 passengers and crew. The attempt was thwarted when the cruise ship's security guards fired on the pirates. No one was hurt.
Science, Krieglestein says, attempts to explain chaos, and to the extent it cannot, it then ignores it (30). However, science is using the language it has in this moment, to explain chaos. Like the philosophers, Descarte and Kant, science relies upon its investigation in much the same was the philosophers rely upon nature and rationalism to convert chaos to order. That it is the nature, if not the universe, of mankind to gravitate towards order. This is man's obsession with chaos, to turn it into order.
One of the most recognized names in the history of philosophy is Plato. Dante Germino, Eric Voegelin (2000) shed some light on Plato's obsession with chaos and order, or philosophy, writing, "The motives that induced the young man of a well-connected family not to pursue his natural career in the politics of Athens but insteadto become a philosopher, the founder of a school, anda…
Barrow, John D., and Joseph Silk. The Left Hand of Creation: The Origin and Evolution of the Expanding Universe. New York: Basic Books, 1983. Questia. 12 Dec. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100807490 .
The Epic of Gilgamesh. Trans. Maureen Gallery Kovacs. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1989. Questia. 12 Dec. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=49056422 .
Insomuch, I have worked closely with customers on a myriad of issues to ensure their needs were met. Such concern for my constituents has transcended to an elevated level of service for individuals in the healthcare field.
Additional Information for Consideration
Although I may not be a traditional candidate, I have always worked hard to attain my goals. egardless if goals seemed to be unreachable, I have always persevered in the most trying of conditions. Pierce (2003) defines nursing quite well, "Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, the prevention of illness and injury, and the alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response and advocacy in the care of individuals families, communities, and populations. Moreover, nursing addresses the organizational, social, economic, legal, and political factors within the healthcare system and society. These and other factors affect the cost, access, and quality of…
Cafazzo, D. (n.d). Nurses will be charting own futures. The News Tribune, D.1.
Hensick, J. (1996). Guest editorial. Our contract with America: Nursing's social policy statement. Michigan Nurse, 69(5), 3.
Kagan, S.H. (2004). The advanced practice nurse in an aging society. Nurse Practitioner,
For any project, the first step is to inspire people to want to work on the project. There are few more powerful motivators than inspiration. Inspiration breeds creativity, innovation, hard work, determination and other attributes that comprise the more functional elements of leadership. There are a number of different leadership styles, but the most important for getting a grand new project off the ground and building a committed team is inspirational leadership. Inspiration is the process by which the performance in people can be inspired, rather than coerced or motivated (Seidman, 2009). It is believed that inspirational leadership is the most powerful means of getting people into action.
Beyond leadership style, the plan need to be detailed, including areas of concern that may require back-up plans. Planning is essential -- the role of inspiration is to ensure that the people working on the plan give their best effort, and…
ChangingMinds.org. (2011). Servant leadership. ChangingMinds.org. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/servant_leadership.htm
Cherry, K. (2011). Transformational leadership. About.com. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/transformational.htm
Greenleaf, R. (1970). What is servant leadership? Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://www.greenleaf.org/whatissl/index.html
Seidman, D. (2009). The importance of inspirational leadership. Fast Company. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://www.fastcompany.com/blog/dov-seidman/how-why-how-we-do-anything-means-everything/importance-inspirational-leadership
The staff member might coordinate with other staff members to develop group training approaches as well as independent learning approaches.
This is the heart of the development program where training activities are conducted in a designated time frame. Generally all staff involved in this development plan will be required to establish and attain a designated set of objectives within a one year time frame. At the end of this period of time staff will be encouraged to develop new continuing education goals and pursue them relative to their job function. Cross training may also be utilized as a form of professional growth and development for members of the support staff.
The methods used to facilitate learning and development will vary depending on the objectives and goals for training that have been established by the supervisor and staff during the evaluation and planning sessions. Among the considerations will include…
Smith. (2001). "Smith Staff Development Plan." Smith Middle School Planning Team, 25, November 2004: http://www.chccs.k12.nc.us/smith/updates.curriculum/sdplan.htm
Training and Development for Support Personnel." Specific Processes in the Human
Resources Domain, Part III. Pp. 458-464
Customer relationship management (CM) is an essential component of organizational management. The purpose of this discussion is to focus on a CM strategy for United Behavioral Health a subsidiary of United Health Care . . United Behavioral Health is dedicated to presenting customers with high quality, cost-effective, managed mental health and substance abuse services to its customers. The investigation suggests that the company's core values have been successfully implemented into the company's CM Strategy. The current CM strategy utilizes technology to allow customers to voice their opinions. Currently the company's website ubhweb.uhc.com provides a page that offers help to members that are experiencing problems. In addition, it provides customers with "coaches" that can help whenever problems arise. The company's customers are currently divided into three different groups; the employer division, the health plan division and the public sector. We found testimonials of customers who were extremely satisfied with the care…
Your Customers are Speaking To You. Do You Hear Them? 2002. 2 December 2004
Gupta S. Binggeli U., Poomes C.D., CRM in the Air. The McKinsey Quarterly. Page Number: 6+.
Jacobs F.A., Claire Kamm Latham, Choongseop Lee. 1998. The Relationship of Customer Satisfaction to Strategic Decisions. Journal of Managerial Issues. Volume: 10. Issue: 2. Page Number: 165+.
Like Khan, Huxley focused on the sensations of the person (himself) having the mystical experience. During his experience, Huxley felt he had no impairment in his mind or gaze, an intensity of vision without an outer and imposed substance to induce the hallucination, and had a sense that his impetus of motion or will was impaired into a state of stasis (a direct contrast with Khan's focus on the ability of music to provide motion to parallel the nature of the divine). Above all, Huxley called his sense of harmony through visual means mystical because his visual experience eliminated any sense of division inner/outer divide in perception. As he looked at the flower, and Huxley felt he was becoming the flower.
This stands in direct contrast to Kepler's schema of harmony, which is dependant upon perceptions of distinction from outside, as an observer perceives defined opposites. Kepler's definition of harmony…
Another internal factor that affects the O'Connell High School are the customer demands, in which in the school's case, the customers are the students. O'Connell High School satisfies everything that students and their parents would want in an education. Aside from the low tuition fee and quality education that the school offers, it also reinforces learning to students and to anyone who wishes to gain more knowledge through community education. This is done through evening and weekend classes and a variety of non-credit courses. Thus, these positive internal factors of good opportunities given to students, O'Connell High Schools organization behavior is influenced.
estructuring is another internal factor that positively impacts the organizational behavior of the school. Despite of the closing of the school in school year 2003-2004, the school is now back in pursuing its missions and objectives. It has restructured its curriculum, expanding through more educational degrees that are…
O'Connell High School.
Retrieved on September 01, 2005, from Online. Web site: http://www.ochsgalv.com
The UNC Health Care System runs a teaching hospital that publishes its mission statement, statement of core values, and nursing philosophy on the organization's Web site at < http://www.unchealthcare.org/site/Nursing/nurseleadership/visionvalues >. The mission is stated briefly as: "to be a leader in providing compassionate, quality care focusing on the unique needs of patients and their families." Key words in the mission statement include "compassionate," "quality care" and "unique needs." The core values of the UNC Health Care System's nurses include five main elements. Those elements include "My patient," "My team," "My Hospital," "My Community," and "My Profession." Phrasing these five main values in terms of "my" helps the nurse to feel like an integral part of the organization.
Furthermore, the nursing philosophy of the UNC Health Care System is outlined as being a reflection of the vision and values of the organization as a whole. The main principles of…
East Carolina University College of Nursing (2012). Philosophy of the college of nursing. Retrieved online: http://www.nursing.ecu.edu/philosophy.htm
UNC Health Care System (2007). Nursing mission, core values, philosophy. Retrieved online: http://www.unchealthcare.org/site/Nursing/nurseleadership/visionvalues