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1036). Citing a host of adverse climactic circumstances and other negative phenomena that impacts the coastal zone, as well as historical incidents where large-scale casualties occurred in these regions, they provide a hypothetical- argument for the need for resilience of citizens of these coastal regions. They go on to demonstrate how, given today's expanded global connection, tragedy can more intensively impact wider swathes and lead to exacerbated damage, and, on the other hand, how condensed and unified human agency (on multiple NGO and governmental levels) can enhance resilience. Their argument is built on empirical evidence (the 2004 case history of the Asian tsunami) as well as research on planning for and adapting to storms and climactic changes in coastal zones and on small islands, and they proceed in an inferential, closely reasoned manner. In regards to the 2004 Asian tsunami, effective and instinctive positive response encouraged socio-ecologial resilience to the…
Adgar, W.N. et al. (2005). Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters, Science, 309, 1036
There are two primary biological mechanisms that determine the growth and suspension of species: natality (birth) on the one hand, and mortality (death), on the other. Amongst humans, other factors may intervene in their natality factor and these include economics, migration, physical upkeep, and social forces of various sorts (Pearl, (1927). This is due to the fact that humans have a rational capacity that other organisms lack, hence humans can, using secondary factors, generally manufacture and design their own rate of growth, as well as engage in reproductive decision-making and in general decisions that lead to sustaining or annihilating their species. To that end, they can decide (which they have done at times) to annihilate one or other subcategories of their species, as well as to destroy themselves. Other animals, on the other hand, act in an instinctive manner, and lacking this rational choice-making ability, follow a more…
Cunningham, W.P., & Cunningham, M.A.(2009). Principals of Environmental Science: Inquiry & Applications (5th ed.) USA: McGraw Hill.
Pearl, R., (1927). The growth of populations. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 2, 532
Rosen, F. (2003). Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill. USA: Routledge.
Human Population in El Paso
Population Explosion in El Paso and Juarez
Globalization is well in full force. The increasing population explosions in El Paso and Juarez Mexico show that international business and economic developments are encouraging people from the interior of Mexico to flood into border towns and eventually into the United States. What has resulted, however, is chaos partly because the two towns do not have proper legislation or budgeting to deal collaboratively on this shared population problem.
The population of both towns is exceeding their capabilities. According to the research, "The Juarez-El Paso population of 2 million makes up the largest border community anywhere in the world, expanding more than 5% a year," (Padgett 2001 p 1). This growth is unmatched in other American and Mexican cities. The two cities together had a population of two million in 2000 (Casey 2006). That number is estimated to explode…
Associated Press. (2011). Cuidad Juarez residents flee Mexico's 'dying city.' Fox News. Web. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2011/01/02/ciudad-juarez-residents-flee-mexicos-dying-city/
Casey, Maureen. (2006). Juarez / El Paso selected facts. Labor-Religion Coalition. Web. http://www.labor-religion.org/ip-elpaso-juarez-facts.htm
Cave, Damien. (2011). Bridging a gap between fear and peace. New York Times. Web. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/world/americas/15juarez.html
Padgett, Tim. (2001). Two countries, one city: El Paso and Juarez only seem separate. TIME Magazine. Web.
The developed countries hence experience higher survivorship for most age groups resulting in a balanced and healthy reproductive structure. The age distribution needs to complement or mirror the high survivorship ratio as the extinction of even one age group is very much possible with a single unforeseen natural event (egon et al. 2006).
To illustrate the importance of a balanced age structure, consider this example. A huge carnival targeted for the age group 20-35 has been designed and thousands of tickets and invites have already been distributed and accepted. The carnival is showcasing some of the biggest icons in the world of music and education and hence attracts not only students, but educators as well, not just from the public and private sector, but due to the musical influence, it even attracts those in the age group who are not part of the education sector. Now imagine, a natural disaster…
Begon, M.; Townsend, C.R.; Harper, J.L. (2006). Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems (4th ed.). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4051-1117-1. http://books.google.com/?id=Lsf1lkYKoHEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=ecology&cd=1#v=onepage&q
Campbell, N.A., Reece, J.B. (2002). Chapter 52: Population Ecology. AP Biology Chapter 52 Population Ecology Outine.
Hanski, I.; Gaggiotti, O.E., eds (2004). Ecology, genetics and evolution of metapopulations. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press. Accessed on October 18, 2010 from: http://books.google.com/?id=EP8TAQAAIAAJ&q=ecology,+genetics,+and+evolution+of+metapopulations&dq=ecology,+genetics,+and+evolution+of+metapopulations&cd=1
Johnson, J.B.; Omland, K.S. (2004). "Model selection in ecology and evolution.." Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19 (2): 101 -- 108. Accessed on October 18, 2010 from: http://www.usm.maine.edu/bio/courses/bio621/model_selection.pdf
Human Innovation and Consumption
Through the centuries, human beings have consistently found new ways to produce and consume material resources. Today, with the world population at an unprecedented high, consumption of resources continues as an equally accelerated rate. However, despite this mass consumption, human beings today are making great strides in the way resources are renewed. Today, human beings are as innovative as ever before, inventing new production methods to meet humanity's habits and along with changing the way that the world consumes its resources. While humanity appears to have taken a turn towards the preservation and respect of resources, much remains to be done in order to successfully sustain the global population.
As so many of us have come to understand, the larger the human population is means the greater environmental impact this population will have on our planet. With more people come an increased demand for food, fuel,…
Humans constantly innovating ways produce consume material resources. Write a paper addressing issue: Give specific examples (2) production (2) consumption habits humans related material resources. These discussed Chapter Two Contemporary Environmental Issues, includes production types consumer goods consumption environmental resources.
Give specific examples of at least two (2) production and two (2) consumption habits humans have related to material resources
Perhaps the first, most notable shift in human production habits over the course of history was the development of an agricultural lifestyle, versus a hunter-gatherer lifestyle (54). In terms of living in harmony with nature, hunter-gathering had certain advantages. Human beings could not take more from the planet than they needed for an extended period of time. Human tribes were mobile, so they could not store food for long. With agriculture, tribes were assured of a more steady supply of sustenance. They did not have to wait long periods of…
Chapter 2: Human Population Dynamics. Contemporary Environmental Issues.
It is not startling that some remarkable variation exists between the great apes as well as humans with regard to mental capabilities. Humans possess a lot higher intricate types of verbal communications compared to any other primates. Humans are the sole animal to make and apply symbols as a way to communicate with each other. Humans also have diverse as well as complex forms of social organizations compared to that of the other nonhuman primates. The most unique characteristic of humans lies in human mental capability to build novel ideas as well as intricate technologies. This has been considered to be important in the fight for endurance. (O'Neil 2007)
Further, the relatively negligible structural variations among humans and apes are generally an outcome of regular bipedalism observed in human beings. Quite a number of alterations in human bodies were linked to the growth of this type of locomotion. As opposed…
Berg, Kate; Bonham, Vence; Boyer, Joy; Brody, Larry; Brooks, Lisa; Collins, Francis;
Guttmacher, Alan; McEwen, Jean; Muenke, Max; Olson, Steve; Wang, Vivian Ota; Rodriguez, Laura Lyman; Vydelingum, Nadarajen; Warshauer-Baker, Esther. 2005, 'The Use of Racial, Ethnic, and Ancestral Categories in Human Genetics Research', American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 77, no. 4, pp: 519-532.
Bethesda, MD. 2006, 'Present-Day Non-Human Primates May Be Linchpin in Evolution of Language' Terra Daily. 25 Jul., p. 4
British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, 2007, the Zero option, Available at http://www.buav.org/campaigns/primates/zerooption.html
These restoration efforts affect natural wetlands that have been destroyed by mankind and then proposed to become urbanized.
Although the impact on the climate by humans has had several negative impacts, such impacts have the potential to be stopped and even reversed. Research clearly indicates that recent technological advances can be used in these cases as a valuable tool in determining whether natural processes can be restored, or whether other options, such as urbanization, are ideal. Finally, future studies and advancements in technology will pave the way for a brighter future in restoring and repairing our injured climate.
AGU. (2003). Human Impacts on Climate. Retrieved November 5, 2007, at http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/policy/climate_change_position.html.
Carter & urgess Quarterly. (2001). Getting the Lay of the Land. Carter & urgess Quarterly, vol
University of Georgia. (2006). SREL Research: Remediation & Restoration. Retrieved November 2, 2007 at http://www.uga.edu/srel/research-restoration.htm.
U.S. Department of Commerce. (2007). National Geodetic…
AGU. (2003). Human Impacts on Climate. Retrieved November 5, 2007, at http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/policy/climate_change_position.html .
Carter & Burgess Quarterly. (2001). Getting the Lay of the Land. Carter & Burgess Quarterly, vol
University of Georgia. (2006). SREL Research: Remediation & Restoration. Retrieved November 2, 2007 at http://www.uga.edu/srel/research-restoration.htm .
U.S. Department of Commerce. (2007). National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved November 1, 2007, at http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/ .
This bill was sent to the U.S. Senate and set for vote mirroring a bill previously passed by the House during the Summer of 2003 which failed to pass the Senate because of vehement disagreement that was even "within the parties over the prohibition of therapeutic cloning.(National Legislation Concerning Human and Reproductive Cloning, 2004; paraphrased) As of the date of the report on legislation eight U.S. states had passed laws that explicitly prohibited reproductive cloning using human embryos and another five U.S. states have placed a prohibition on cloning for any purpose whatsoever with 22 other U.S. states introducing bills outlawing the reproductive cloning of humans. (Ibid; paraphrased) Patenting laws for genetics allow inventors to patent genetics but only specific genetic factors may be patented and inventors are required to:
1) Identify novel genetic sequences;
2) Specify the sequence's product, 3) Specify how the product functions in nature --i.e. its…
O'Connor, Sean M. (nd) Intellectual Property Rights and Stem Cell Research: Who Owns the Medical Breakthroughs?
Kadereit, Suzanne & Hines, Pamela J. (nd) Overview of Stem Cell Research New England Law Journal 2005 Mar 28. Online available at http://www.nesl.edu/lawrev/vol39/3/13%20Kadereit%20Final.pdf .
Chadwick, Ruth et al. (2004)HUGO Ethics Committee Statement of Stem Cells (2004) November
Legal Protection of Digital Information (2006) Chapter 5: Software-Based Inventions Online available at:. http://digital-law-online.info/lpdi1.0/treatise63.html
Human esource Management
HM (Human esource Management) is the advancement and management of workers of an organization. It includes recruitment processes, representation and classification of positions at work. For these to be accomplished, laws governing human capital should be followed, and appropriate strategies should be kept in place including paying attention to the employees. Good Management of human capital, determines the success of many organizations
Action training for supervisors
Disciplinary training is a case for supervisors with multiple employees, which requires laws; this will prevent employees from taking advantage of their positions or employers causing difficulties in the workplace. The law requires that the employer complies with labor laws, which include approval of agreement, between the employer, supervisor and employee while working together. They are required to identify various laws like how to handle employers, their complaints at the work place while providing safety at work. The law requires that…
Inc, B. a. (2010). 5 Tips for Holding HR Policies That Hold. New York: Bussines and Legal Reports In.
Lastroner, R.A. (2001). The Nonprofit Managers Resource Director. New York: John Willis and Sons.
Shannon, K. (2011). The Complete Guide to Successfill Planning Event. Atlanta: Atlantic Publishing Company.
Human esources and Functional Illiteracy
Public Administration Human esources esearch Study Design
Public Sector Human esource Policy and Functional Illiteracy
Public Sector Human esource Policy and Functional Illiteracy
Anderson and icks (1993) examined the role of illiteracy in determining worker status within the public sector, in part because it had not been done before. They were interested in understanding how worker stratification was determined, after scholars had raised the possibility of a worker caste system within government agencies. This issue is still relevant today, given the increasingly diverse workforce both ethnically and linguistically. This report will analyze the research methods used by Anderson and icks (1993) and summarize their findings
The sample studied by Anderson and icks (1993) were human resource professionals currently engaged in managing employees in the public sector. A 41-item questionnaire was used to determine the 'functional literacy' that these managers were noticing on the job,…
Anderson, Claire J. And Ricks, Betty Roper. (1993). Illiteracy -- The neglected enemy in public service. Public Personnel Management, 22(1), 137-152.
History Channel. (2013). Great migration. History.com. Retrieved 13 Feb. 2013 from http://www.history.com/topics/great-migration .
Human esources & Change: The Internal evenue Service
Tax season is upon Americans. Every working American knows that when dealing with tax issues, which at some point, every working American does, interactions with the Internal evenue Service are inevitable and often profoundly displeasing. Citizens make feel powerless against the institution of the IS because it is a part of the federal government. Citizens may feel they have to put up with the treatment and negligence of the IS and that organization will not be held accountable. It is untrue. In 1998, a piece of legislation was passed as response to charges brought upon the IS by a Senate Finance Committee. Therefore, the paper finds the IS an organization ripe for change in regards to Human esources. The paper will propose a change in the IS and hypothesize the implications as well as the implementation of such a change.…
Henning, B. (1999) Reforming the IRS: The Effectiveness of the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998. Marquette Law Review, 82(405), 405 -- 427.
Thompson, J.R. (2006) The Federal Civil Service: The Demise of an Institution. Public Administration Review, 66(4), 496 -- 503.
Human esource Standards and Staffing
The times when there was high vacancy rate in both public and private hospitals and clinics across the United State have come and gone, but the shortage of nurses is evidence. However according to 2002 report by the workforce commission of America Hospital Association, nursing shortage is reflects fundamental changes in population demographic. It shows clearly the demands of staffing in nursing professional (Mark W. Stanton, 2010). Therefore, what is staffing? And what are great challenges to staffing and requirement when doing staffing?
Staffing can be defined as the method of determining and providing the acceptable number and mix nursing personnel to produce a desired level of acre to meet the patients demand (Mike. ichard, 2009). It's purposely to provide the nursing unit with an appropriate and an acceptable number of workers in each unit to perform the nursing task as required. The unit requires…
Florence. Nightingale, (2010). International Council of Nurses
Krista Sheehan (2009) Ethical Standards of Nursing Education
Andragogy Nursing Education
International Human esource Management
International Business H: Vital and Pivotal
During the 20th century, the human resources (H) function has become quite skilled at managing human capital which is frequently defined as the skills, knowledge and experience of individual workers within a company. Human resources management has never been more vital to organizations than it is today as more and more businesses are going global. For globalizing companies, experienced, informed and effective Human esource people skills are becoming a strategic asset. In order to maximize the competitive potential of employees across global markets many multinational companies will need to revise their H policies and programs.
Table of Contents
Background and Significance
Discussion and Implications
During the 20th century, the human resources (H) function has become quite skilled at managing human capital which is frequently defined as the skills, knowledge and experience of individual workers within…
Adeleye, Ifedapo. (2011). Theorizing the diffusion of International Human Resource
Practices:Towards an Integrated Conceptual Approach. International Journal of Business andManagement, 6(12), 254-269.
Baughn, C. Christopher, Neupert, Kent E., Anh, Phan Thi Thuc, and Hang, Ngo Thi
Minh.(2011). Social capital and human resource management in international joint ventures inVietnam: a perspective from a transitional economy. The International
Human esponse to Physical Structure:
Environmental psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on explaining human behavior in relation to the physical environment. In this case, the physical environment basically incorporates plants, animals, and material objects that have a significant impact on behavior at various levels. However, this branch of psychology does not focus on the interactional procedures among people as emphasized on other branches of psychology. In analyzing human behavior, it adopts a systems approach that has become the main approach in modern science.
Impact of Physical Structure on Human Behavior:
According to various theories, the physical environment or structure affects human behavior at various levels with instant behavior acting as a function of settings with which it happens (Matthew, n.d.). The individual personality traits of people within a specified country are largely influenced by the nature and type of physical environment that these individuals are subject to…
Goode, J.P. (n.d.). 'The Human Response to the Physical Environment.' The Elementary School
Teacher, 4(5), pp. 271-282. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/992499.pdf?acceptTC=true
"Importance of Sustainable Architecture in 21st Century." (2010, June 21). Architecture Student
Chronicles. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.architecture-student.com/sustainable-design/importance-of-sustainable-architecture-in-21st-century/
Human esource Management
Although there have been many recent developments in the area of human resources and their management, the concept of managing people in the workplace is not a new one. In fact, according to Ogunyomi, Shadare, and Chidi (2011, p.19-20), the concept has evolved over more than a century, starting with the concept of scientific management created and promoted by Frederick Winslow Taylor at the turn of the 20th century during the height of the Industrial evolution. Since the world of business was dynamic, even from the start of large-scale business and organization, the concept of human resource management has also evolved over time to respond to the dynamic business world.
Today, human resource management is an integral part of any company's business strategy. It ensures not only effective recruitment and retention, but also the effective functioning of the company in general, and its adaptability to a dynamic…
Chan, A. (2004, Dec. 28). The Challenges of Human Resource Management. Retrieved from: http://www.webpronews.com/the-challenges-of-human-resource-management-2004-12
The Daily Recruiter (2011, Jan. 3). Emerging Trends of Talent Management and Challenges of HRM. Retrieved from: http://www.thedailyrecruiter.com/the-daily-recruiter-blog/emerging-trends-f-talent-management-nd-challenges-f-hrm.html
Du Plessis, A.J., Beaver, B., and Nel, P.S. (2006, Spring). Closing the Gap Between Current Capabilities and future Requirements in Human Resource Management in New Zealand: Some Empirical Evidence. Journal of Global Business and Technology. Vol. 2, No. 1. Retrieved from: http://www.gbata.com/docs/jgbat/v2n1/v2n1p4.pdf
Garg, A., Sharma, A. And Pandey, M.R. (2010, July-Dec.). Emerging Trends of Human Resource Management (With Special Focus on Information Technology Industry). Lachoo Management Journal, Vol. 1. Retrieved from: http://www.lachoomemorial.org/lmj/vol1/lmj8.pdf
Off the job training is implemented in a location different from the actual place of employment. The more common methods of off the job training include the day releases (through which the employees take the day off work to engage in the training program), distance learning, block release courses, sandwich courses or self-study. The main advantages of this method are that the quality of the results is increased, as the commitment is also higher. Additionally, the trainees come to capitalize on the expertise of various specialists and can become more knowledgeable and confident employees. Still, despite these advantages, off the job training is not suitable for diversity efforts at the Police Departments; it is costly and it induces the loss of work (Tutor2U).
Last, the behavioral methods of training include processes such as games and simulations, behavior modeling efforts, business games, case studies, equipment stimulators or role plays (Training and…
Oskamp, S., 2000, Reducing prejudice and discrimination, Routledge
Homan, M.S., 2010, Promoting community change: making it happen in the real world, 5th edition, Cengage Learning
Nkomo, S.M., Fotter, M.D., McAfee, R.B., 2010, Human resource management applications, 7th edition, Cengage Learning
People management -- types and methods of training at work, Tutor2U, http://tutor2u.net/business/gcse/people_training_types.htmlast accessed on June 6, 2012
human resources management Conduct a series specific case studies companies, countries, approach issue human resource management development. Specific comparative analysis made practices U.S. countries.
Human resource management -- the case of McDonald's and Wal-Mart's HM practices in Europe, Asia and the United States of America
The role of human resources management has changed dramatically throughout the past recent decades. Once the people operating the machineries and blindly implementing the decisions made by the managers, the employees have gradually metamorphosed into the most valuable organizational assets. They are the ones who put together their knowledge to create intellectual capital and support the employers in attaining their objectives.
The modern day staff members create value for the organization and represent it in all aspects of the business dimensions and the interactions with other categories of stakeholders -- customers, business partners, the general public, governmental and non-governmental institutions and so on. And this…
Aras, G., Crowther, D., 2010, A handbook of corporate governance and social responsibility, Gower Publishing Ltd.
Berrone, P., Global compensation. Foundations and perspectives, IESE Business School, http://iese.academia.edu/berrone/Books/101418/Global_compensation._Foundations_and_perspectives last accessed on November 24, 2011
Dessler, G., Expanding into China? What foreign employers should know about human resource management in China today, All Business, http://www.allbusiness.com/management/3967622-1.html last accessed on November 24, 2011
Hawkins, G., 2004, How to find work that works for people with Asperger syndrome: the ultimate guide for getting people with Asperger syndrome into the workplace (and keeping them there!), Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Another psychological approach studied the physical basis for emotion. LeDoux (1995, p. 209+) noted, "Scientists concerned with human nature have not been able to reach a consensus about what emotion is and what place emotion should have in a theory of mind and behavior." He proposed, however, that "findings about the neural basis of emotion might also suggest new insights into the functional organization of emotion that were not apparent from psychological findings alone. The brain, in other words, can constrain and inform our ideas about the nature of emotion." This would seem to play into any discussion of genetics vs. culture as emotion is viewed, accurately or not, as a construct of societal norms in large part. Because fear is a common part of human life, LeDoux uses it to investigate his theories. "The expression of fear is conserved to a large extent across human cultures and at least…
Moore, J. (2002). Some thoughts on the relation between behavior analysis and behavioral neuroscience. The Psychological Record, 52(3), 261+. Retrieved November 19, 2004, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com .
Suh, Eunkook M. 2002. Cultural influences on personality. Annual Review of Psychology;
Retrieved November 19, 2004 from Highbeam database, http://www.highbeam.com .
Experts in the field caution both job seekers and employing organisations that online social and professional networks should be incorporated as adjunctive measures on both ends and not relied upon exclusively or instead of certain aspects of traditional recruitment, hiring, and job searching. Finally, the other obvious implication of the growing use of social networking sites (in particular) for this purpose is that one must become more careful than many have been in the past in terms of what information one posts in the vast public Internet forum to which prospective employers now share ready access.
"Professional sites net members in recession." Recruiter. 2009. HighBeam Research.
(January 4, 2011). http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-207095054.html
According to representatives of the most popular professional online network, LinkedIn, the firm has experienced a dramatic increase in use and popularity among job seekers since the onset of the current economic recession. Specifically, in the UK, LinkedIn has experienced…
Tatham, Helen. "Executive Recruitment: Virtual Hiring Ventures - Give Me the Job or...; Guns? Nudity? This is not executive interviewing as we know it. But in virtual reality, the boundaries are very different "New Zealand Management Journal. 2009. HighBeam Research. (January 4, 2011).
Frank and Taylor (2004) warn that motivating employees is highly dependent on their specific wants and needs. An accounting firm that mostly hires conservative, serious-minded employees who value efficiency above all else are not likely to be motivated by the offer of a life coach or a concierge. They would probably be much more motivated by a good 401k plan. However, that does not mean that all types of organizations cannot get creative with their benefits.
The key is to creating an effective and creative employee benefit strategy is talk to the employees and find out what they really want. According to Gajewski (2005) it is critically important to modify "the corporate culture to balance employee needs and desires with organizational objectives" (p. 4). Therefore, if companies can change the corporate culture in such as way that satisfies both management and employees, then they would be remiss not to do…
Alsop, R. (2008) The 'Trophy Kids' go to work. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122455219391652725.html
Are They Really Ready To Work? Employers Perspective On The Basic Knowledge And Applied Skills Of New Entrant To The 21st Century U.S. Workforce. 2006. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/documents/FINAL_REPORT_PDF09-29-06.pdf
Avery, D.R., & McKay, P.F. (2006). Target practice: An organizational impression management approach to attracting minority and female job applicants. Personnel Psychology, 59, 157-187.
Birdi, K., Clegg, C.W., Patterson, M.A., Robinson, A., Stride, C.B., Wall, T.D., & Wood, S.J. (2008). The impact of human resource and operational management practices on company productivity: A longitudinal study. Personnel Psychology, 61, 467-501.
The first consideration is that employees may be reluctant to reveal their innermost feelings about the company for fear that they will be punished for their responses. For this reason, it is imperative that employees are assured of absolute anonymity. This will also encourage honest answers and be the most likely to result in discovering the root causes of the problem. Employees will be able to respond anonymously by dropping their folded responses into a box by human resources.
Those that feel good about their job may be more eager to respond to a survey than those that are unhappy. A voluntary response would be more likely to result in a biased sample population. It is important that the sample is representative of the entire plant, rather than a small, select group. Therefore, employees will be told that the survey is mandatory. Although, there will be no real way to…
Gibson, S. (2004). Social Learning (Cognitive) Theory and Implications for Human Resource Development. Advances in Developing Human Resources. 6 (2): 193-210.
Manta Company Intelligence.(2008)Cardington Yutaka Technologies, Inc. (CYT). Retrieved May 28, 2008 at http://www.manta.com/comsite5/bin/manta_tt_page.pl?page=uecp_help_sidebar&mf=coms2/dnbcompany_cc305sq
Zimmerman, M. (2007). Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic value. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved May 28, 2008 at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/value-intrinsic-extrinsic
Human esources Management - Maintaining a Competitive Edge in the Corporate Marketplace
Change continues to reshape the workplace. Today's H professional is called upon to help the organization retain its competitive edge in the marketplace. Along with representing the best interests of employees, H professionals assume the role of strategic partner, administrative expert, and change agent. H assumes a critical role in promoting the vision and shaping the focus of the company. H professionals must be skilled and knowledgeable business partners, able to wear many hats while demonstrating their own competencies in communication and decision-making skills. (Aghazadeh, 1999)
Today, H departments face many challenges. Some are conventional and continuing concerns.
Attract, retain and motivate employees;
Ensure legal and regulatory compliance;
Manage the human side of technological change.
Perhaps, most critically today however, progressive H departments are charged with adding value to the corporation as they seek to:
Aghazadeh, Seyed-Mahmoud (1999). Human Resource Management: Issues and challenges in the new millennium. Management Research News, 22(12) 19-32.
Ashbaugh, Sam and Rowan Miranda (2002). Technology for Human Resources Management: Seven Questions and Answers. Public Personnel Management, (31) 7.
Ball, Sarah (2002, Sept). How technology can make you look good. Employee Benefits, S9-11.
Barro, Tom. A Tangled Web of Partnerships. Retrieved Feb. 21, 2003 at http://www.astd.org/CMS/templates/index.html?template_id=1&articleid=23780
In that regard, Human Resources managers have discovered that online networks can help establish unity among employees working much too remotely from other employees to establish any kind of rapport or shared corporate culture through traditional means. Another advantage of this use of online social networks has been their ability to facilitate greater connections among and between groups of employees from different places of origin, backgrounds, and age.
There are also risks associated with the use of existing social networks such as MySpace and FaceBook that HR managers have also had to consider. Specifically, they do present the possible risk of leaking of proprietary information; they can result in damaging statements by firm employees with legal liability on the part of the company; and they can expose valued employees to being "poached" by external recruiters known as "head hunters." Consequently, some companies have embraced the concept of incorporating online social…
Individuals who are sexually harassed at work experience stress. It is now more common knowledge that stress manifests itself physically in our bodies. Thus, persons who are sexually harassed may have aches, pains, headaches, muscle tensions, digestive problems, and actually, a very large array of physical symptoms that stem from additional stress experienced at work. The relationships of those who are sexually harassed suffer as well. People who are sexually harassed suffer from diminished self-esteem and perhaps also depression. These people withdraw and avoid social gatherings, withdraw from their friends and families, and participate less in group activities, including work meetings. The lack of physical and social contact can cause further psychological and emotional damage to a person who is already suffering. (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Workplace Violence and Harassment: a European Picture, Chapter 5)
The organisation where the harassment took place will suffer as well.…
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. Workplace Violence and Harassment: a European Picture. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2010.
European Commission, Directorate General for Employment, Industry Relations, and Social Affairs. Sexual harassment in the workplace in the European Union. Publications of Employment and Social Affairs, The Netherlands, 1998.
Loutfi, Martha Fetherolf Ed. Women, Gender, and Work. International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland, 2001.
On the other hand however, it gives rise to an exclusive attitude and a multiple layer style of development and economic evolution because there will always be countries that fail to keep up with innovative technology, high tech research and revolutionary concepts which stand at the basis of today's creative industries. This is why the population in least developed countries does not consider globalization as being benefic for the improvement in their standard of living.
All in all, it can be said that the success and nature of a process is totally dependent of the perspective which is under analysis. Concerning stem cell research, arguments coming from the medical point-of-view favor the continuing of the research while those embracing the religious and ethical perspective strongly disagree. Similarly, depending on the point-of-view, globalization can be seen as both an inclusive and an exclusive process.
Holland, Suzanne, Karen Lebacqz, and Laurie…
Holland, Suzanne, Karen Lebacqz, and Laurie Zoloth (Editor). The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy (Basic Bioethics). Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001.
IMF. Globalization: Threat or Opportunity? 2000. 17 September 2006. http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/ib/2000/041200.htm#II
National Academy of Sciences. Potential U.S. Patient Populations for Stem Cell-Based Therapies. 2000. 17 September 2006. http://www4.nationalacademies.org/onpi/webextra.nsf/44bf87db309563a0852566f2006d63bb/e5d8fdf14955556185256ac3000711c6?OpenDocument
Reaves, Jessica. "The Great Debate over Stem Cell Research." July 11, 2001. TIME. 2001. 17 September 2006. http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,167245,00.html
In the meantime, we have not sufficiently developed alternate energy technologies. In the last few decades, nations that were too poor to benefit from the Industrial evolution have begun dramatically increasing their consumption of fossil fuels as larger proportions of their populations become able to afford modern conveniences. As a result, societies in China (in particular) are now experiencing the exact same problems once experienced by European industrial cities immediately after the Industrial evolution (Poiman & Poiman, 2007).
Meanwhile, in the First-World nations, production and consumption habits in relation to other byproducts of fossil fuels have been exploited to produce a wide variety of goods made from plastics and other petroleum-based products (Poiman & Poiman, 2007). A consumption-oriented mentality has generated incredible volumes of trash that, because if its petroleum-based composition, is not biodegradable. Modern consumer goods, and even the packaging materials used to ship them, contain large amounts of…
Attfield, R. (2003). Environmental Ethics: An Overview for the Twenty-First Century.
Cambridge, UK: Polity.
Poiman, L.P. And Poiman, P. (2007). Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application. Florence, KY: Wadsworth-Cengage.
Human esource Management at the Ford Motor Company
The Ford Motor Company is one of the largest economic entities at the global level, with sales and operations across the entire globe. The organization is reputable as the first company to make automobiles accessible to the people through the usage of the production and assembly line. In more recent times, Ford is recognized as one of the largest employers in the United States and a global leader of the automotive industry.
During 2008, the company was hit by the internationalized economic crisis, which raised new financial concerns, but also exacerbated the problems already existent within the firm. For decades, Ford had invested in large size and luxurious vehicles as an emblem of American consumerism. Throughout the past recent years however, the preferences of consumers have changed to reflect the shifting international price of oil and environmental concerns. More and more smaller…
Cascio, J.W., Bodreau, J.W. (2010). Investing in people: financial impact of human resource initiatives. 2nd edition. FT Press.
Price, A. (2011). Human resource management. 4th edition. Cengage Learning.
Randhawa, G. (2007). Human resource management. Atlantic Publishers & Dist.
(2012). A timeline of Ford Motor Company. NPR. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5168769 accessed on December 12, 2012
Note that the figure given in the above source corresponds with the figure of Russian military dead in Table one, which further adds validity to that table.
With regard to Germany, there are a number of disparate figures and tables. The figures given from intensive research of actual wartime and administrative documents are as follows:
Total Wehrmacht Losses, September 1, 1939-January 31, 1945: Eastern Front 1,105,987
Scandinavia 16,639 - Southwest 50,481 Southeast 19,235 - West 107,042 - Navy 48,904 - Air Forces 138,596. Total Wehrmacht 1,810,061 in the West Since D-Day (June 6, 1944), German Armed Forces Lost: Army 66,321 Air Force 11,066 Additional Total Deaths 2,001,399.
Using these monthly rates, the total Wehrmacht toll reached 2,150,000, of which 1,960,000 were killed in action.
The following extract shows the detailed way in which this information was gathered.
The German army, all through the war, maintained a monthly…
Chambers, John Whiteclay and David Culbert, eds. World War II, Film, and History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=24132278
Divine, Robert a., ed. Causes and Consequences of World War II. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1969.
World War II in Ukraine. Accessed November 15, 2004. http://www.infoukes.com/history/ww2/page-29.html www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=37750012
Lighting, temperature and other environmental factors were indistinguishable among the rooms.
Subjects in T1 were allowed to play with toys for forty-five minutes before the vocabulary lesson began. Subjects in T2 and T3 were given forty-five minutes to complete their puzzles.
At the beginning of the actual treatment, subjects in T2 and T3 were encouraged to ask for assistance if they needed any.
T2 subjects were given positive feedback from researchers even when negative feedback was warranted, such as being unable to complete the easy puzzle in forty-five minutes. Researchers were instructed to say encouraging, affirmative things to subjects even when subjects were having no problems with the puzzles, such as "You're making fine progress!" "Good job!" "I know you can do it!" "That's looking great!" And so forth. Further, researchers were instructed to make these comments loudly enough for them to be overheard by the most distant subject.
Comparative Analysis of Human Trafficking in the United States with the orld
Specialized Field Project
Human Trafficking is a very serious issue that affects every country around the world. Human Trafficking is also known as "Sex Trafficking," or "Modern Day Slavery," which reflects the primary reasons people are bought and sold today -- sex trade and involuntary labor. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines sex trafficking as
"the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for a commercial sex act, is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age."
Moreover, labor trafficking is defined as
"the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, using force, fraud, or coercion for subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery." (CNHTR, n.d.)…
Wayne, O. & Genelle, B. (2011). Major Principles of Media Law, 2012 Edition, Chapter 10, Cengage Learning.
Wheaton, E. M., Schauer, E. J., & Galli, T. V. (2010). Economics of Human Trafficking. International Migration, 48(4), 114-141. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00592.x
Wyler, L.S. (2013). Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress. Congress Research Service
The current trend in trade agreements has demanded a reevaluation of such change that is likely to remain an aspect of IHM for its entirety. "International law clearly delineates that companies have human rights responsibilities, although some of the specific responsibilities are ambiguous." (Aaronson, 2003, p. 63) Significant lawsuits against U.S., UK and Canadian Multinational organizations has made it clear that if business and government are not willing to police themselves, on issues of universal human rights, such as labor policy and political and social intimidation through the workplace then the international communities will do so independently through amendments and amalgamations to trade agreements.
Scullion reiterates the importance of the issue of International HM in the second edition of Human esource Management: A critical Text, edited by John Story. In this section Scullion elaborates on the ideas that were introduced in the first edition by the same author and editor.…
Aaronson, S.A. (2003, Spring). Courting International Business: What Are the Human Rights Obligations of Global Capitalism?. The International Economy, 17, 63.
Briscoe, D.R., & Schuler, R.S. (2004). International Human Resource Management: Policies & Practices for the Global Enterprise. New York: Routledge.
Caligiuri, P., & Santo, V.D. (2001). Global Competence: What Is it, and Can it Be Developed through Global Assignments?. Human Resource Planning, 24(3), 27.
Scullion, H. (2000) "International Human Resource Management" in Human Resource Management: A Critical Text Second Edition. J. Story editor. Stamford CN: Cengage Learning Business Press. 288-313.
Human esource Function in Business
Strategic Human esource Management guides organizations in constructing a base for strategic company advantage, by developing an efficient organizational design, culture and structure, systems thinking, workforce value proposition, and suitable communication strategy, as well as preparing the company for an evolving landscape, including M&As (Mergers & Acquisitions) and downturns. this discipline includes Corporate social responsibility and sustainability, particularly in connection with company values and the expression of these values in decisions made by the company (Strategic-HM, n.d.).
The term "strategic management" refers to a collection of managerial actions and decisions that guide an organization's performance in the long run. Another way to define the term is: 'maintenance of an organizational vision, updated continuously by external and internal environmental data' (Bratton, & Gold, 2012).
oles in strategic human resource management
Personnel policy must be associated with general as well as specific objectives. Company management…
Bratton, J., & Gold, J. (2012). Human resource management: theory and practice. Palgrave Macmillan
HR STRATEGIES AND PLANNING. (n.d.). Retrieved February 25, 2016, from https://www.ahri.com.au/assist/hr-strategies-and-planning
Human resource management: Course overview (n.d)
Kurt. S. (n.d.). Strategy and organisation of Human Resources. Retrieved February 25, 2016,
All these issues point out to the indubitable fact that the human resource in Taiwan is coming closer to the labor force in the highly developed western economies and that additional efforts will have to be made in order to succeed in the island.
Another human resource issue that is important to be mentioned is given by the different cultural values of Taiwan and the American multinational. Divided by language, religion and customs barriers, Taiwan is closer to the Japanese culture than the American one. This will unavoidably mean that our organization has to hire several human resource specialists to make a transition from the Japanese H issues to the U.S. implementation of human resource policies. Some other issues that have to be understood by our company refer to the decision making process, which is generally done in groups; a decision once made is supported by all individuals, regardless of…
Boje, D., Academic Studying Adidas, Reebok and Nike -- Taiwan, New Mexico State University, College of Business, http://cbae.nmsu.edu/~dboje/nike/taiwan.html last accessed on May 11, 2009
Gross, A., 1996, Human Resource Issues in Taiwan, Pacific Bridge, http://www.pacificbridge.com/publication.asp?id=6 last accessed on May 11, 2009
2009, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2001rank.html last accessed on May 11, 2009
The authors elieve these discriminatory practices are symptomatic of exclusion from organizational culture.
Noting the shortcomings of "diversity without inclusion," the authors sumit a usiness case for inclusion "in which all employees are treated fairly and with civility, have equal access to resources and opportunities, and are ale to contriute fully to their employers' ojectives and thus their own success" (Bendick, Egan, & Lanier, 2010). This approach rejects the notion of matching employees to target populations ased on a single characteristic such as race; rather, the employee's full range of jo-specific skills is assessed and utilized y the company (Shen, Chanda, D'Netto, & Monga, 2009). Finally, this inclusive approach depends on "cultural competence" in which cross-cultural skills are taught and enhanced so employees can effectively work across arriers such as race, ethnicity and gender, rewarding successful cultural competence and sanctioning cultural incompetence (Panaccio & Waxin, 2010). This ideal is accomplished…
b. Tesco's Engagement with Diverse Groups, Use of Inclusion and Diversity Practices as Key Means of Providing Better Customer Service and Whether Tesco's Approach is Strategically Advantageous
Tesco is engaging with Diverse Groups by targeting key categories of discrimination through networks and partnerships. Its networks include: "Out at Tesco" representing people with "different" sexual orientations; "Women in Business" representing and developing women's careers through "training, mentoring and career sponsorship"; "Tesco Asian Network" that holds 2 events per year for Asian networking, sharing and learning about opportunities through career fairs (with additional "inspired" children's nights); and "ABC Network" to attract African, Black British and Caribbean employees, train and develop opportunities to help more black people into senior positions (Business Case Studies LLP, 2013). In addition, Tesco engages with "diversity partners" such as: "Whizz-Kidz" through Tesco's Diversity Council to determine whether there should be a network for disabled employees; "Stonewall," which is a charity striving to achieve equality and safety for gays and lesbians in every aspect of their lives; "Employer Forum on Disability" to help Tesco "do a better job for disabled colleagues" and attract disabled people to work for Tesco; and "Opportunity Now," which is a support group for gender equality in business and tends to focus more on women (Business Case Studies LLP, 2013). In addition to those efforts, Tesco guarantees interviews for disabled people through Whizz-Kids, Remploy and Shaw Trust, as well as a 5-year plan to help young wheelchair users develop adult, workforce, access and socialization skills (Business Case Studies LLP, 2013).
Tesco attempts to provide better customer service through diversity and inclusion by adopting an "all are welcome" strategy in which Tesco seeks out and attracts employees from "underrepresented" groups in the communities in which the company does business (Business Case Studies LLP, 2013). Furthermore, Tesco concentrates on "raising the bar on talent" by taking risks on talent and developing all to "develop new and diverse talent" with clear expectations in the areas of performance and potential (Business Case Studies LLP, 2013). By attracting and developing diverse talented individuals with clear performance and potential expectations, Tesco believes that the company, the employees and the customers will all significantly benefit (Business Case Studies LLP, 2013). By using "the
The basic reason they are able to do so is that they don't have to provide perks and privileges to their workers and have fewer minor or overhead expenditures to take care of. (Edstrom, 1998)
To obtain best results and smooth functioning of any business it is important to understand the business, its achievements and aspirations and let others do the rest. Microsoft Corporation should likewise continue to exploit the advantages of H outsourcing for many reasons that include; it helps in diverting a considerable amount of resources and attention of the management for more pressing and critical issues. (McDonald, 2005) the firm undertaking the outsourced work is usually streamlined and dedicated to the particular field and often has state of the art technology and equipment, which is at times difficult to procure and maintain. Outsourcing is beneficial to both the parties. It causes the circulation of capital from developed…
Jennifer Edstrom; Marlin Eller (1998). Barbarians Led by Bill Gates: Microsoft from inside. N.Y. Holt.
Microsoft Official website http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/inside_ms.mspx
McDonald, SM and Jacobs, TJ (2005) 'Brand Name 'India': The Rise of Outsourcing,' Int. J. Management Practice, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp.152-174.
It deals with inbuilt societal problems that cannot simply be dealt with due to the fact that they are so internalized. They therefore require a restructuring of societal systems -- that is, a transition and this can be done -- according to Rotman and Loorbach (2008) - by looking into the social structure of the problem
Transition management has already come a long way. As Rotman and Loorbach D (2008) observe:
The progress made in practice as well as the theoretical developments shows that modern times require experimental, innovative, multidisciplinary and participative forms of governance like transition management. In line with the underlying philosophy we cannot be certain about this, but transition management seems to be in tune with present societal demands, research and policy.
At the same time: "We are, however, also a long way from realizing a sustainable society, which means that there are ample challenges for the…
Australian Govt (2007)Tackling Wicked Problems. pdf.
BBC How many people can live on planet earth?
Castro (2004) Sustainable Development: Mainstream and Critical Perspectives Organization Environment; 17; 195
Worldwide Population Increase Affect Planet
The world population is a lucrative endeavor that has influential effects on the immediate environment. One of the changing or growing avenues of the planet is that of the enlargement of the human population. Initially, the human population was perceived as a small entity within a vast planet. Nonetheless, the human population has been on the increase over the past centuries. Many lucrative approaches and human activities are part of the changes that have occurred because of the increase in human population in the planet. The avenues of performance within the spectral and planetary stratifications account to the many steps that have been taken by human beings in the environment. The environment is a fragile structure and body that deserves equitable management and security. In order to foster equitable management of the environmental sustainability avenues, there is a need to have a long-range of performances…
Axelrod, R.B., Cooper, C.R., Warriner, A.M., & Kennedy, X.J. (2011). Reading Critically,
Writing Well ninth Ed + Writing and Revising. Bedford/St. Martins
Baer, H.A. (2012). Global capitalism and climate change: The need for an alternative world system. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.
Gilbert, G. (2006). World population: A reference handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-
A 1400-year-old volcanic or other induced "winter" likely spurred the divergence possibly even later than 150,000 years ago, brought about by an explosion of Toba in Sumatra. The elimination of this bottleneck 10, 000 years later allowed another wave of emigration from Africa. Volcanic winter may have succeeded in the reductions of populations to levels low enough for founder effects, genetic drift and local adaptations to produce rapid population differentiation (Ambrose 623 -- 651) .
This new research posits new assumptions about evolutionary rates, anagenesis, gene flow and population stability. Most biological evolution consists of the following two processes: anagenesis and cladogenesis. Anagenesis describes the transformations that occur within a single lineage, that is, as a population develops new characteristics. Cladogenesis, describes the splitting of a single species into two or more groups that later subsequently diverge in their individual traits through the anagenetic process. Gene flow and population stability…
Ambrose, Stephen H. "Late Pleistocene human population bottlenecks, volcanic winter, and differentiation of modern humans." Journal of Human Evolution. 34. (1998): 623 -- 651. Print.
Johanson, Donald. "Origins of Modern Humans: Multiregional or Out of Africa?" Action
Bioscience.org. 2011. Web. 6 May 2011.
Significance of cultural diversity
Theories permit us to determine the world around us coherently and also to act in the world with a reasonable approach. Numerous theories have developed throughout the previous century in western countries that make an effort to clarify how human character evolves, why all of us behave the way we do, what external circumstances encourage us to behave in particular ways, and the way these elements have been connected. A few of these concepts structure their arguments on essential physical as well as social-emotional situations within our very first years of existence; some around the impact involving external influences of our own family members, neighbourhood, as well as culture; a few on the unique learning and also thought procedures; a few on triumphant finalization of precise developmental "activities" at each and every phase throughout lifespan; plus some on the way a healthy-or perhaps unhealthy-sense…
Crandell, T., Crandell, C. And Zanden, J.V. (2011). Human Development. Chapter 2, 10th Ed. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, p. 1-768 .
Daniels, H., Cole, M., & Wertsch, J.V. (Eds.). (2007). The Cambridge companion to Vygotsky. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Eisenstadt, S.N. (1986). The axial age breakthroughs. In S.N. Eisenstadt (ed.), The origins and diversity of axial age civilizations. New York: State University of New York Press, pp. 1 -- 28.
Huntington, S.P. (1996). The clash of civilizations and the remaking of the world order. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Humanity might not have the same effective power over the environment when fossil fuels run out. While this assumption is certainly believable, humans will not doubt reach a point where the greenhouse gas absorbing plants and bodies will no longer be able to keep up with human activity. This will further exacerbate the problem of human-caused global climate change. On the other hand, if humans are able to develop non-fossil fuel alternatives that do not have a negative effect on the environment on a global scale, the warming trend might very well be reversed in a generation or two. Either way, Ruddiman's arguments will likely be proven to be wrong or right, on a long enough timeframe.
ection IV: Opposing Points-of-View
Anthropologists, specifically, disagree with Ruddiman. ince the author himself is not an anthropology professor and admittedly has very little experience in this field, it would only seem natural that…
Allen, Robert, Scott Seaman and John DeLascio. "Emerging Issues: Global Warming Claims and Coverage Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 76 (2009): 12-9. Web. 10 Apr. 2010. .
Bast, Joseph. "Eight Reasons Why 'Global Warming' is a Scam." The Heartland Institute. The Heartlander, Feb. 2003: n.pag. Web. 10 Apr. 2010.
Bert, Ray. Rev. Of Plows, Plagues, & Petroleum: How Humans Took Control of Climate, by William F. Ruddiman. Civil Engineering 78 (2008): 73.
Morgan, Sally. Global Warming. New York: Heinemann, 2009. Print.
nature as human beings has long been debated heatedly throughout human history. Some influential thinkers have seen human nature as essentially "evil" or flawed, while others viewed human nature as basically good. Great estern philosophers like Plato, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, and even notable historical figures like Machiavelli and Thucydides all delved deeply into the problem of human nature. Despite these prolific, influential and varied opinions, the true nature of human beings is far from completely understood. In this light, it may be helpful to look outside of philosophy to determine the basic, underlying nature of human beings. In our modern capitalistic society, the workplace may offer important and practical insights into human nature.
Further, traditional theories of human nature have largely ignored the female in their studies. Certainly, given that almost half of the human population is female, this is a grievous and important oversight. It is perhaps this oversight…
Goodman, Ellen. Being a secretary can be hazardous to your health. 11 December 200. Reproduced online at http://www.isu.edu/~diorcynt/goodmansource.doc
Steinem, Gloria. The Importance of Work.
lan Gewirth and Human Rights
The philosophical concepts of human rights are many and varied. Yet, one of the theories that stands out the most in both approach and application is that of lan Gewirth.
His work demonstrates and ideal that has often been set as a stage for the application of many public issues, from law to psychology. Within the body of his works Gewirth argues that, "...human rights are best defended as necessary prerequisites for individual human beings' exercise of free and rational will." Giving license to the concepts of the right of all humans to act on their own behalf to meet their own needs of happiness through their own free will.
Hence, the value or requiredness of autonomy is not disproved by pointing to conditions whose efficacy stems from a violation of autonomy. The solution to this problem is to maintain or restore autonomy, not acquiesce…
Alan Gewirth, "The Immoral Sense," Criminal Justice Ethics 13.2 (1994), Questia, 22 Apr. 2004 http://www.questia.com /.
Alan Norrie, ed., Closure or Critique: New Directions in Legal Theory (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1993) 22.
THE ROLE OF CULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE EVOLUTION OF HUMANITY
Undestanding the evolution of humanity has been one of the most citical quests fo most individuals in the cuent society. The intesection between envionmental influences and cultue ceates an aea of social inteest with a focus on human evolution. Empiical eseach shows that the society plays a significant ole in shaping the evolution of human beings as evidenced by psychological analysis of human evolution. The extaodinay coopeative natue of human beings aises moe questions on the peceived changes of human behavio and inteaction ove time (Hawkes, Paine, & School, 2006). Among the factos that dive human beings to stive to undestand thei evolution, include paleoanthopology esults that povide unique infomation that povides significant evidence to the aspects of human evolution postulated to have occued millions of yeas ago. Results fom fossil studies such as inceasing bain size and…
references: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12(01), 1 -- 14.
Croll, E., & Parkin, D. (2002). Bush Base, Forest Farm: Culture, Environment, and Development. Routledge.
Darlington, P.J. (1978). Altruism: Its characteristics and evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 75(1), 385 -- 389.
Eagly, A.H., & Wood, W. (1999). The origins of sex differences in human behavior: Evolved dispositions vs. social roles. American Psychologist, 54(6), 408 -- 423.
Foley, R. (1995). The adaptive legacy of human evolution: A search for the environment of evolutionary adaptedness. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, 4(6), 194 -- 203
Human esource Development Initiatives for the Department of Veterans Affairs
As the nation's largest healthcare provider and second-largest federal agency, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is responsible for administering a multi-billion dollar budget in support of the nation's heroic veterans. The VA fulfills its mandate to care for veterans and their families through a nationwide network of medical centers, outpatient facilities, Vet Centers and domiciliaries that provide the entire spectrum of medical, surgical and rehabilitation healthcare services. Given the importance of its mandate and scope of its budget, the VA is well situated to take advantage of a wide range of human resource initiatives that can save money, improve organizational performance and the quality of healthcare provided to the country's veteran population. This study defines five such human resources initiatives and describes how they can be applied to achieve these goals. A summary of the recommendations and their potential…
Anderson, C.H. (1984). Job design: Employee satisfaction and performance in retail stores.
Journal of Small Business Management, 22, 9.
Benevides, A.D. & David, A.A. (2010). Local government wellness programs: A viable option to decrease healthcare costs and improve productivity. Public Personnel Management,
The hope appears to be that deinstitutionalization will lead to human services that are more inclusive and that do not marginalize disadvantaged and minority groups in the same way that centralized institutionalized care did. However, this leads me with the question of who is establishing the standards of care for the smaller groups? Are those standards established locally? If not, then how can the standards possibly reflect the concerns of different subgroups in society. On the other hand, if they are established locally, bias and prejudice can still impact the provision of care, and those local biases and prejudices may not be apparent to any non-local oversight agencies.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2001). Deinstitutionalization: The move towards community-based care. In Australia's Welfare 2001: The Fifth biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (pp.96-139). Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Fine, M. (Year).…
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2001). Deinstitutionalization: The move towards community-based care. In Australia's Welfare 2001: The Fifth biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (pp.96-139). Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Fine, M. (Year). Defining and claiming care. In A caring society? Care and the dilemmas of human services in the twenty first century (pp. 26-51). City: Palgrave McMillan.
Litwak, E. (1985). The theoretical bases for primary-group networks and formal organizations in modern industrial society. In Helping the elderly: The complementary roles of informal networks and formal systems (pp.6-30). New York: Guilford.
Mason, J. & Noble-Spruell, C. (1993). Child protection policy in New South Wales: A critical analysis. In Jan Mason (Ed)., Child welfare policy: Critical Australian perspectives (pp.25-36). Sydney: Hale & Iremonger.
Various types of Non-Government Organizations can play an important role in the protection of human rights. These organizations are impartial and are unrelated to any political or industrial agenda.
China has always been wary of outer interference protecting their sovereignty at all costs thus it must come from inside china the realization that the Chinese people can no longer bear the lack of political freedom. The educated people are increasingly calling for a democratic process and it is only the people that can force the government to give in to their wishes. The economic power of the country will strengthen individuals and hence the political rights will be demanded by the people. It will not be long before the demands of the individuals will have to be addressed by the government of China.
It can be concluded that the internationalization of human rights is on its way in spite of…
Angle, Stephen C. Human Rights and Chinese Thought: A Cross-Cultural Inquiry. Cambridge, England: Cambridge UP, 2002. 30 Apr. 2013.
Foot, Rosemary. "1: Introduction." Rights beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China. By Rosemary Foot. Oxford, England: Oxford UP, 2000. 1-26. Questia. Web. 30 Apr. 2013.
Hashimoto, Hidetoshi. The Prospects for a Regional Human Rights Mechanism in East Asia. New York: Routledge, 2004. Questia. Web. 30 Apr. 2013.
Human esource Management class focus area. Here questions: 1. Your company plans build a manufacturing plant undecided locate .
New manufacturing plant
The opening of a new manufacturing plant in a different location is pegged to a series of uncertainties and risks. In order to minimize these risks, it is necessary for the economic agent to consider a wide array of elements in making the final decision of the location. At this level, a notable role is played by the purpose of the new location. The two more common reasons for opening new manufacturing plants are either a desire to expand production, or a desire to cut costs and as such support profitability.
In the first scenario then, more emphasis in choosing the location would be placed on the identification of a new site that possesses some comparative advantage in the field of manufacturing. This advantage could refer to skilled…
Greenhouse, S. (2011). Union membership in U.S. fell to a 70-year low last year. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/22/business/22union.html?_r=0 accessed on December 19, 2012
Schmidt, P. (2009). Minimum wages and employment -- theory and empirical evidence with a special emphasis on Germany. GRIN Verlag.
(2012). Union membership in the U.S. International Labor Organization. http://www.ilo.org/washington/ilo-and-the-united-states/spot-light-on-the-us-labor-market/union-membership-us/lang -- en/index.htm accessed on December 19, 2012
(2010). The world factbook -- United States. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html accessed on December 19, 2012
Over the last several years, the issue of human trafficking has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because the industry is considered to be a major source of income for organized criminal gangs and other groups with it accounting for $31.6 billion in profits worldwide. Depending the region, these returns will vary with some having greater rewards from: socially acceptable practices, a lack of regulation and the ability of criminal groups to move with impunity in certain regions. The below table is showing, those areas with the highest returns and levels of human trafficking. ("An Introduction to Human Trafficking," 2008) ("Human Trafficking," 2013)
The Profit Margins and Amounts of Human Trafficking
Number of People
49% ($15.1 billion)
% ($9.7 billion)
Latin America and the Caribbean
4.1% ($1.3 billion)
Middle East and North Africa
4.7% ($1.5 billion)
An Introduction to Human Trafficking. (2008). UN. Retrieved from: http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/An_Introduction_to_Human_Trafficking_-_Background_Paper.pdf
Human Trafficking. (2012). IOM. Retrieved from: http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/shared/shared/mainsite/microsites/IDM/workshops/ensuring_protection_070909/human_trafficking_new_directions_for_research.pdf
Human Trafficking. (2013). UN Global Compact. Retrieved from: http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/issues_doc/labour/Forced_labour/HUMAN_TRAFFICKING_-_THE_FACTS_-_final.pdf
Bales, K. (2007). What Predicts Human Trafficking? International Journal of Criminal Justice, 31( 2), pp. 269 -- 279.
ole of Human esources in Organization
ealization of Importance of Human esource
Vision for using Human esources for Organizational Success
ole of H Manager in Workplace Environment Creation and Motivation
Importance of Merritt-based Promotions
ealization of Importance of Human esource
Companies and organizations can gain market leverage and achieve competitive advantages through effective management of its human resource. Thus, it plays a critical role in an organization or a company. Given the cut-throat competition in the global and the local markets as well as the declining importance of the impact of outside forces on stability, organizational effectiveness and development become critically dependent on management of human resources (Mondy, Noe & Gowan, 2005).
Most of the companies in the modern business require to function and develop in a relatively constant volatile environment and market condition. It is important that companies improve continuously for the purpose of creation of a sustainable competitive…
Ang, S. (2006). Personality Correlates of the Four-Factor Model of Cultural Intelligence. Group & Organization Management, 31(1), 100-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1059601105275267
Armstrong, M., & Armstrong, M. (2009). Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. London: Kogan Page.
Camps, J., & Luna-Arocas, R. (2009). High involvement work practices and firm performance. The International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 20(5), 1056-1077. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585190902850273
Edwards, M. (2009). HR, perceived organisational support and organisational identification: an analysis after organisational formation. Human Resource Management Journal, 19(1), 91-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2008.00083.x
population" by Thomas Malthus
Thomas Malthus, in his discussion of the relationship between population increase and food supply in "An essay on the principle of population," proposed that his essay was an attempt to provide an explanation, though a speculative one, of the nature of the growth of human society in terms of its population and food supply. Working on the assumption that "population must always be kept down to the level of the means of subsistence," Malthus tried to bring forth his argument and position that this assumption was an ideal one. In fact, this assumption was proven not applicable with the histories of early societies in the Eastern and Western nations, as what Malthus proves in his discussion, wherein he stated that as the population increases geometrically, food supply increases arithmetically.
In proving his thesis, the author sets out to discuss the basic principles which he had used…
Malthus, T. (1798). "An essay on the principle of population." Available at: http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~stephan/malthus/malthus.0.html.
First, can the research be performed safely on the subject? In some cases, the answer to this question may be no, but the research still be justified, if the possible benefits of the research outweigh the risks to the subjects. In this study, there is no safety danger to the subjects. Second, the researcher must attain informed consent from the research participants. It will be easy to obtain this consent, which can be done in writing, prior to having the subjects participate in the study. Informed consent does not have to describe the nature or purpose of the research, but it does need to inform the subjects of the risks and benefits of the research, any possible dangers, and the subject's ability to opt-out of the research. There are no inherent risks in this project, therefore the subjects will be informed that there are no inherent risks in this project.…
AllPsych. (2003). "Chapter 1: Introduction to research." Research methods. Retrieved November 1, 2011 from AllPsych website: http://allpsych.com/researchmethods/selectingsubjects.html
Tehran's geography makes air pollution worse: the Alborz Mountains at its north side trap the increasing volume of pollutants and lead these to remain and hover over Tehran when the wind is not strong enough to blow them away. Furthermore, Tehran's high altitude makes fuel combustion inefficient and adds to the problem. Its altitude is between 3, 300 and 5,000 feet and it is in this space that the pollutants are trapped since the destruction of orchards and other vegetation especially in northern Tehran in the past decades by rapid development and human activity pressures. These natural and man-made factors together have made Tehran one of the most polluted cities in the world. Air pollution reached critical level in December 1999 when high levels of carbon monoxide and other pollutants filled Tehran for many weeks. Deaths, diseases and skin conditions are attributed to extreme air pollution. Records say that more…
Energy Information Administration. (2002). Iran: Environmental Issues. http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/iranenv.html
2005). Iran. Country Analysis Briefs.
The plan would be the result of the scientific method, through which the impacts and causes of the current environmental problems would be addressed. Additionally, the scientific method would sit at the basis of the future actions to be taken. These would traditionally include:
The search for alternative sources of energy
The search for renewable sources of energy
The creation of an infrastructure which allowed the propagation and populous use of alternative energies
The education of the population to reduce their levels of consumerism to life necessities
The implementation of stricter regulations which punish economic agents who pollute waters or cut the forests in an unsustainable manner
eplant forests, clean waters and support the sustainable life of the endangered species.
At a smaller size and specific level, the alternative and immediate action to be taken is that of reducing the harvesting of krill by commercial fishermen. This would be achieved…
Leonard, A., The story of stuff, http://www.storyofstuff.com / last accessed on October 13, 2010
Naik, A., 2010, Ozone layer and global warming, Buzzle, http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ozone-layer-and-global-warming.html last accessed on October 14, 2010
Antarctic krill conservation project statement of principles and core goals, Antarctic Krill Conservation Project, http://www.krillcount.org/solutions.html last accessed on October 14, 2010
Human Service Programs
In the ongoing attempt to recover human service programs, policymakers, funders, and service providers are progressively acknowledging the position of difficult program evaluations. They want to distinguish what the programs achieve, what they cost, and how they should be functioned to achieve supreme cost-effectiveness. They want to identify which programs work for which areas, and they want suppositions based on proof, rather than impassioned pleas and testimonials. With that said, it is important to understand what are the strengths and weaknesses in the Human Service Programs.
What is Human Services?
Human services are provide assistance aid to citizens that need help in getting or upholding basic human essentials, such as shelter, health and food," to name a few." Social programs also delivers human services, such as psychological requirements, help in distributing with trauma from abuse or sickness as well as complications of disasters, such as climate provoked…
Boessenkool, K. (1997). Back to work: Learning from the Alberta welfare experiment. Commentary - C.D.Howe Institute, (91), 1-1.
Hays, Sharon (2004). Flat broke with children. New York: Oxford University Press.
Holl, J., Kristen, S.S., & Amy, B.S. (2005). Welfare reform and health insurance: Consequences for parents. American Journal of Public Health, 95(2), 279-85.
Vozoris, N., & Tarasuk, V. (2004). The health of Canadians on welfare. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 95(2), 115-20.
Attachment dimensions were found to be related to self-esteem, expressiveness, instrumentality, trust in others, beliefs about human nature and styles of loving" (Collins pg 644).
This topic will discuss how we as individuals can either mock or act in a totally different way than those we communicate with, and how our choice to act in either of those two ways can affect how what we say is perceived.
How all of the above components interact to form our communication skills and the way we communicate with others will provide a foundation for the paper that should prove very viable. The paper will discuss the interactions of our communication relationships including how those relationships are perceived. hether our communication attempts involve relationships, or the methods used to convey what it is we wish to convey will be discussed in a comprehensive and enlightening manner.
By completing the necessary research,…
Collins, Nancy L., Read, Stephen, "Adult Attachment, Working Models, and Relationship Quality Dating Couples" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, April 1990, pp. 644-663
DeVito, Joseph A., The Interpersonal Communication Book, New York: Harper & Row, 1976
Sondell, Katarina, Soderfeldt, Bjorn, Palmgvist, Sigyard, "Underlying Dimensions of Verbal Communication Between Dentists and Patients in Prosthetic Dentistry," Patient Education and Counseling, June, 2003, pp. 157-165
human genetic. There are four references used for this paper.
There are remarkable advancements being made in the field of genetics. It is important to examine whether the material should be transferred between organisms, as well as the effects on food today.
Many people wonder if genetic material should be transferred from one organism to another.
hile benefits have been shown in biotechnology, it is important for scientists to utilize technology carefully and wisely, since "any technology has the potential for being abused, and there is the possibility that genetically engineered 'monsters' could be created with the use of recombinant DNA techniques (Phillips)."
Although gene therapy research is increasing, in a majority of cases it is still too ineffective to be beneficial. Humans should not compete with or alter nature since "gene therapy alters an individual's genetic blueprint, which in time could lead to 'selective breeding' (unknown)."
Conko, Gregory. The benefits of biotech: as the world's population grows, environmental stewardship will require science to find ways to produce more food on less land.
Agriculture). Regulation. (2003): 22 March.
Phillips, G.C., M.A. O'Connell, I.M. Ray, R.G. Cantrell, and C. Sengupta-Gopalan.
The Importance of Plant Biotechnology in the Future Development of Arid
...difficult, if not impossible, to clearly define "sex" because of the diversity of human sexual experiences. For some, sex is vaginal intercourse only. For others, sex includes everything from masturbation to oral sex to nude role-playing games. Because people tend to have multiple sex partners in their lifetime, sex may also mean different things to the very same person.
With regards to oral sex, attitudes have changed tremendously over the years and vary throughout cultures. Saletan points out that historically, oral sex has been perceived of as "not only more intimate than intercourse but also reserved for those who were married," even though now, oral sex is commonplace among people who have casual sex (1). There are not necessarily specific sectors of the population that have strong opinions about oral sex, except that in some societies sex is viewed as only something done to procreate. In those cultures, oral sex…
Human esource Management (business work) Must answer 6 topics questions close outline (Siemens Ohio H. Doc.
Human esource Management at Siemens, Ohio
The practice of human resource management is becoming more and more important within the climate of modern day business agents. And this trend is generally associated with the realization that people are not just the individuals operating the machines, but they are valuable resources, possessing essential intellectual capital. As the business climate turns more and more to services in the detriment of industry and agriculture, the economic agents become forced to invest more in the management of their staffs.
Human resources management is a complex set of techniques and mechanisms by which the economic agents manage the relationship between the firm and its staff members. This relationship is vast and includes not only the collaboration between the parties, but even the periods before and after the employment contract…
Anderson, J.A., 2008, Driving change through diversity and globalization: transformative leadership in the academy, Stylus Publishing LLC
Beardwell, J., Claydon, T., 2007, Human resource management: a contemporary approach, 5th edition, Pearson Education
Clarke, J., White, A., A guide to employment practice in the community and voluntary sector, Combat Poverty Agency
Fisher, R., Ury, W., Patton, B., 1991, Getting to yes: negotiating agreement without giving in, 2nd edition, Houghton Mifflin Hardcourt
Human Psychology Drives Economy
Animal Spirits - How Human Psychology Drives Economy - the Theory ehavioral Economics Particularly work authors Robert Shiller ( Akerlof) Yale Richard Thaler Chicago. Shiller a web.
The essay is based upon behavioral economics and how human behavior or rather psychology act as an economic driver, thou this theory or opinion hasn't been fully accepted by all economist and authors the essay intends to explore more into behavioral theory or economic and at the end give its own conclusion about the topic.
The essay will first introduce the topic of study then look at some of the economic drivers that have been suggested by other authors and economist to understand more on what an economic driver is. After looking at some of the economic drivers that have been laid out, the essay embarks on the sub-topic which is the theory of behavioral economic in a manner…
Ainslie, G. (1992). Picoeconomics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ainslie, G. (1975). "Specious Reward: A Behavioral / Theory of Impulsiveness and Impulse Control." Psychological Bulletin 82 (4): 463 -- 496.
Alkerlof & Shiller (2009) Animal Spirits: How Human psychology drives economy and why it matters for global capitalism
Arrow, Kenneth and Gerard Debreu. (1954). "Existence of a Competitive Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy." Econometrica 22, no. 3 (1954): 265-90.