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The analysis was done in pairs, of healthy and preeclamptic placentas and by gestatational stage. In accordance with the standards set by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists the placentas were grouped as "normal," "mild preeclampsia" and "severe preeclampsia," on the basis of recorded blood pressure of their mothers. There were certain well defined controls and parameters also placed like making sure those patients with diabetic and other disease histories that might affect blood pressure were not included in the experiment, the purpose was to study the causative agent of preeclampsia alone. The records showed that the significant amount of HtrA1 is present in the placental tissues of women with severe preeclampsia. In the light of this latest discovery it is hoped that this might lead to some sort of predictive test, which hitherto before did not exist for the early determination of preeclampsia. It is expected that this…… [Read More]
Mayo Clinic's Marketing
Mayo Clinic is a health care provider that is renowned for its provision of health care services to a huge number of customers with different health issues. This health care provider has continued to experience tremendous growth and success at a time when the health industry, especially hospitals, is facing significant pressure to reduce costs and enhance the quality of services. Most hospitals have responded to this pressure through consolidating their operations in order to ensure they operate more efficiently and provide cheaper care. However, Mayo Clinic has not consolidated but developed plans to expand its reach throughout the world. One of the crucial measures that have contributed to its recent success and acts as the cornerstone of its radical plan is effective marketing.
Direct Impact of Marketing for Mayo Clinic
As previously mentioned, the success and profitability of Mayo Clinic at a time when the health…… [Read More]
They are beginning to make better use of nurse and nurse practitioners as they are being integrated into the teams. They also have a lot of physician assistants that are being used in a lot of different areas. Turnover is very low. it's abnormal for people to leave and when they do, many wind up coming back. That fact that people stay so long is significant to the success of the organization (Mahar, 2008).
Do they have an advantage?
The Mayo Clinic has one tremendous advantage that makes them so successful in the marketplace. This advantage is the fact that they are customer focused for high quality. Quality has the potential to give organizations in viable industries a competitive edge against their competition. By aiming to be the best in the category of experience, Mayo competes with a customer-focused, high-quality approach (Nelson, 10).
Quality often becomes a rubric for products…… [Read More]
Provide a brief description of the facility or organization.
The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit health organization and research group based in ochester, Minnesota. It is the first and largest nonprofit entity that employs more than 3,800 doctors / scientists and 59,000 allied staff members. They specialize in treating some of the most difficult cases through tertiary care solutions. It spends over $500 million a year to help patients to alleviate suffering. They have facilities located in Minnesota, Florida and Arizona. Each one of them is serving the needs of stakeholders and helps them to achieve critical objectives in the process. This has resulted in them becoming an important provider to assist patients and alleviate suffering. ("About Mayo Clinic," 2014)
Describe your research method
The research method is focused on utilizing the mixed method approach. This is when there is a focus on different sources to understand the…… [Read More]
Background of the Organization
Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization headquartered in Rochester, Minnesota, USA. The organization was founded in 1864 by William Worrall Mayo, William James Mayo, Charles Horace Mayo, Augustus Stinchfield, Christopher Graham, Henry Stanley Plummer, Melvin Millet, Star Judd, and Donald Balfour. Mayo Clinic is focused on offering integrated clinical practice, research, and education (Swensen, Gorringe, Caviness, & Peters, 2016). Currently, the organization employs 65,000 employees of these about 6,600 are physicians and scientists and the rest make up administrative and allied health staff. Mayo Clinic operates the Mayo Clinic Health System that comprises more than 70 hospitals and clinics that are located across Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin. The Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science is also operated by Mayo Clinic. It is a nonprofit college that is dedicated to training medical and allied health professionals.
Mayo Clinic specializes in treating difficult cases through destination medicine…… [Read More]
Positioning and Differentiation eview: Mayo Clinic and Cleveland Clinic
In an increasingly competitive business environment, organizations must carefully differentiate and position themselves to remain ahead of the competition. Differentiation basically entails incorporating unique features into a product with the aim of portraying it to the intended market as different from what competitors offer (Berkowitz, 2016). For consumers to perceive a product or brand as different from the competition, an organization must strategically position the product or brand addressing the consumer using a well-crafted positioning strategy (Berkowitz, 2016). Positioning and differentiation are particularly crucial in the healthcare industry. Even as healthcare consumers become ever more proactive, healthcare organizations must aggressively differentiate themselves with a robust and consistent brand position (Berkowitz, 2016). Two healthcare organizations whose success in the ever-changing marketplace can largely be attributed to effective differentiation and positioning are Mayo Clinic and Cleveland Clinic, two of the top hospitals in…… [Read More]
Mayo Clinic is a healthcare organization that has grown into a giant company in the frontiers of medicine since it was founded in 1880 by a father and his two sons. The growth and development of this organization is attributed to its role as a pioneer of many advances in the segments of new treatments, approaches to organizing physicians, and new clinical records. Mayo Clinic has also grown because of playing a crucial role in physician education, research, and publication of clinical research. As a result, this organization has earned a desirable reputation among major stakeholders in the health care system such as doctors and patients. However, the tremendous growth of Mayo Clinic has been accompanied with the realization of the need to nurture the brand. This realization has contributed to the organization's investments in marketing and strategic thinking in marketing through finding prospective partners and ensuring they contribute positively…… [Read More]
Mayo Clinic Strategic Marketing
Determine the key characteristics of the users of the products and/or services of the health care provider you selected
The key characteristics of the users of the products and services of Mayo Clinic encompasses those individuals reliant on what treatment option is most suited and best for them. Another characteristic is the need to have a better understanding of their diagnosis, to gain more knowledge about preventing illnesses and to be able to take charge of their health. The characteristics of the users encompass those that seek the highest quality of health care and medical assessment and treatment that is not only timely, but also effective.
Analyze the competitive environment of the health care provider you selected and recommend a course of action for strategic marketing success
The main competitors of Mayo Clinic include Allina Health System Company, John Hopkins Medicine International and Gundersen Lutheran, Inc.…… [Read More]
Mayo Clinic organization based in ochester, Minnesota, with campuses there as well as in Scottsdale and Phoenix, Arizona, and Jacksonville, Florida. Founded by Dr. William Mayo and his family in the 19th century, the hospital has grown to become one among an elite community of health care providers in the nation (Fye, 2010). Not only is it an efficient medical non-profit organization, but it is also described by Fortune as one of the best companies to work for in the U.S. (Fortune, 2011).
The Mayo Clinic Health System has several other locations in a variety of states throughout the U.S., making it one of the most visible and valuable health care providers in the nation, distinguished among peers; and as a teaching hospital it boasts a strong influence in the medical academic field, with its regional locations consistently ranking among the best, such as the Arizona campus, ranked best in…… [Read More]
A major part and linchpin of any medical and/or research firm is the financial management aspects of the organization. Financial management of any major medical outfit would be overseen by the officers of the treasury and finance departments. They would, by extension, also direct the financial activities of the clinic. The activities completed would include bookkeeping, investing, and developing projects. The depth and breadth of these operations would touch upon a number of important things such as the methods of funding to be used, research issues, quality control, ethics, accreditation, awards, regulation, marketing, strategic management choices, branding and involvement with the employees and community. All of the above applies to the organization that is being focused on in this report, that being the Mayo Clinic. While all businesses and organizations have to focus on financial matters of some degree or form, the complexities and intricacy of the Mayo…… [Read More]
Health Care Analysis: Marketing at Mayo Clinic
Marketing activities and processes play an instrumental role in the success of an organization (Kotler, Shalowitz & Stevens, 2011). This observation is particularly true for Mayo Clinic, one of the largest nonprofit healthcare organizations in the U.S. and whose history dates back more than 150 years ago (Mayo Clinic, n.d.). This paper explores the importance of marketing to the success of the organization. this paper pays specific attention to the 4Ps of marketing, the relationship between the organization's marketing and its partnerships, the value of those partnerships, as well as its target market.
4 Ps of Marketing
The 4Ps of marketing essentially explain the four major elements that constitute the focus of marketing. The first element is Product, which considers the nature of the product or service and the customer need it fulfills (Kotler, Shalowitz & Stevens, 2011). Mayo Clinic provides a wide…… [Read More]
For a nurse seeking information about a patient, the website may be a good starting point, although it should be added that the material is not technical and is not specifically designed for nurses. Its best use for medical professionals might be a way to describe difficult information in fairly simple terms that are not 'dumbed down' and is medically accurate without being arcane.
Authorship: The Mayo Clinic
The publishing body: Mayo Foundation for Education and Research
Point-of-view or bias: General, medically-established knowledge as disseminated through peer-reviewed literature
Referral to and/or knowledge of the literature: Layperson orientation, little direct information about scientific studies or recent innovations in treatment
Accuracy or verifiability of details: Recipient of numerous watchdog group awards for accuracy.
The May Clinic. (2008). Retrieved 10 Nov 2008 at http://www.mayoclinic.com… [Read More]
Website Evaluation: Mayo Clinic
With the preponderance of misleading healthcare information on the Internet, it is important to become a discerning reader with strong science media literacy skills. The Mayo Clinic website has strong search engine optimization and arrives at or close to the top of Google searches for any health-related topic. Therefore, it is important to vet the Mayo Clinic website for strengths, weaknesses, and overall credibility.
The Mayo Clinic is an actual medical group, with clinics, hospitals, and research centers located throughout the United States. It is a credible source, and therefore an authoritative site in general. In a section of the Mayo Clinic website called “About This Site,” the authors (who refer to themselves as the Mayo Clinic Staff) explain their content development policy. Their content development policy effectively clarifies how the articles published on the Mayo Clinic website are written and edited, then developed for the…… [Read More]
Mayo Clinic Dysarthria Website
The title of the Website being reviewed is Dysarthria and its address is http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dysarthria/DS01175. 2. The website is sponsored by the Mayo Clinic, which is a not-for-profit health care entity that provides information to medical professionals, conducts research, and provides patient care, and is written by the Mayo Clinical Staff, a number of medical and research professionals. 3. The Mayo Clinic specializes in treating difficult health issues and is known for its groundbreaking treatments. This center is consistently placed as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. And devotes close to half of its resources to research. 4. While it is a hospital that encourages new patients, there does not seem to be any economic bias within the website itself and is entirely devoted to the presentation of the latest and most up-to-date information concerning the disease Dysarthria. 5. In fact, the website was…… [Read More]
ecord the suggested serving numbers to give quantitative values to the categories you will build your diet around.
The diet will be built around eating more fruits and vegetables in comparison to other categories. The most notable include: carbohydrates, fast, dairy / proteins and sweets. At the same time, it is imperative to engage in some form of daily exercise lasting from 30 to 60 minutes. The different serving sizes are: unlimited amounts of fruits / vegetables, 4 to 8 servings of carbohydrates, 3 to 7 servings of protein / dairy, 3 to 5 servings of fat and under 75 calories of sweets. ("Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid," 2014)
In Blackboard in your assignment text box, list the pyramid categories in this order: Vegetables, Fruits, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats and Sweets (also listing your serving numbers beside each category).
Vegetables: unlimited with a minimum of 4 servings daily.
Fruits: unlimited…… [Read More]
This is one of the reasons why it can be so damaging in relationships; many without a psychological background are not aware that the traits displayed by sufferers of the disorder are indeed the result of the disorder rather than the personality itself.
According to current estimations, about 0.7-1% of the population suffer from the disorder. The onset of narcissism generally occurs either in infancy, adolescence or early adulthood. Medication is rarely used to treat the disorder, unless it manifests with other conditions as well. Narcissism is generally treated with psychotherapy. Although the prognosis for adult narcissism sufferers is poor, talk therapy does help to integrate them into society and to function better within relationships.
Ashmun, Joanna M. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD): How to ecognize a Narcissist. 2000. http://www.halcyon.com/jmashmun/npd/
Mayo Clinic. Narcissistic Personality Disorder. 2009. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/narcissistic-personality-disorder/DS00652
Vaknin, Sam. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) Definition. 2008, Nov. 2. http://www.healthyplace.com/personality-disorders/malignant-self-love/narcissistic-personality-disorder-npd-definition/menu-id-1471/… [Read More]
Mayo Clinic Quality Improvement (QI) Plan
The Quality Improvement Plan laid out here centers on the Mayo Clinic. The healthcare system has an international reputation for providing patient-focused and cooperative medical care for individuals suffering from the most severe illnesses. In addition to maintaining a highly collaborative atmosphere within which physicians, nurses and practitioners work together to resolve medical challenges, the Mayo Clinic is renowned for its innovations in the areas of service delivery and positive treatment outcomes. This is why the focus of a discussion on Quality Improvement has less to do with improving the Mayo Clinic itself than with demonstrating ways of replicating its successes in other healthcare systems.
The goal that drives the Mayo Clinic is drawn from a patient-centered treatment philosophy. The Mayo Clinic strives to incorporate its patients in the process of achieving desired treatment outcomes. The clinic uses feedback from patients…… [Read More]
Managing and Improving Quality
Methodology for implementation of performance measurement
Information technology applications of Mayo Clinic
How benchmarks and milestones are involved in quality
Performance and quality measures are aligned to the Mayo Clinic's mission, vision, and strategic plan
Quality assurance and improvement is incorporated through various techniques. The organizations that is willing to invest in their growth and attain a satisfactory level of consumer satisfaction through quality improvement. The quality measures that are incorporated are also investigated and improved through various methodologies in performance measurement. Technology and learning are basic elements required to improve quality and performance measurement. The BSC model for performance measurement and quality improvement, benchmarking, balanced scorecard, and quality mile stones are discussed below. Mayo clinic is one of the progressive organization providing healthcare facilities to patients. The features of information security are identified as a sector for improvement in Mayo clinic.
Mayo clinic is…… [Read More]
The Mayo Clinic: A Not-for-Profit Organization
The Mayo Clinic In ochester, Minnesota is one of a network of Mayo clinics devoted to providing top-notch care for all patients. The clinic's mission is "to provide the best care to every patient, everyday through integrated clinical practice, education and research" (Mayo Clinic). According to the clinic's 2001 Annual eport, on November 28,2001 the Mayo Clinic in ochester saw its 6 millionth patient.
According to the Mayo Clinic's website at www.mayoclinic.org, the primary value of the clinic is to tend to the needs of the patients. The clinic has a core financial principle of using revenue to service present and future necessities, and not for the creation of wealth. The Mayo Clinic is, therefore, operating as a not-for-profit organization.
The founding members of the Mayo Clinic, Dr. Will and Dr. Charlie Mayo, gave the name and earnings of the clinic over…… [Read More]
Quality Improvement Plan: Implementing and evising
Authority, structure, and organization for the Mayo Clinic
Board of directors
The implementation of quality improvement initiatives require a detailed authority designation, structure, and organization of the compete project. Mayo clinic is known for its quality and technology initiatives. The programs are conceived and implemented using progressive technological approaches. The project management and organizational oversight structures are developed in accordance with the requirements. As a result the coordinated and coherent efforts of the clinic provide an overall governance model for successful project completion. The authority, structure, and organizational roles are discussed in the following sections.
Authority, structure, and organization for the Mayo Clinic:
Board of directors:
Board of directors is responsible for review and approval of the plan. The pros and cons of the plan are discussed in the broad meetings. The financial requirements and capital investment requirements are also elaborated and approved by…… [Read More]
UL and date of your visit
The term searched was Schizophrenia and these two sites came up in rank for 3 searches.
One was Johns Hopkins Medicine http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/epigen/szwhatis.htm, [accessed on March 8, 2013]
The other is Mayo Clinic, http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/schizophrenia/DS00196/DSECTION=symptoms [accessed on March 8, 2013]
The first is a site owned by the Johns Hopkins Medicine Centre and is their own webpage for public relation Purposes. It also is educative to the public with a number of diseases listed. The second is the website of the Mayo Clinic, and is owned by Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and esearch (MFME).
An appraisal of the format in which the material is presented at the site
To evaluate the sites the following criteria were considered from the layman's point-of-view. These criteria have been addressed for both the sites. The criteria are: readability and access complete information, trustworthiness, other links to information, from the…… [Read More]
The Mayo Clinic is one of the most famous hospitals in America, and its name is recognized by over 85% of Americans. The Clinic has several offices, but their most noted one is in Rochester, Minnesota. This particular location is the one most people think of when they hear someone mention the "Mayo Clinic." Their website, Mayoclinic.com, is also extremely popular, and has a great deal of credibility with the public because of the name (Twite, 2002).
The Mayo Clinic is an accredited hospital, meaning that it is recognized as conforming to the high standards that are set by the medical community. The Clinic is not without problems, however. All hospitals have some issues that others would like to see resolved. Accreditation committees look for these kinds of problems, and want to know what the hospital is going to do about problems that are found. Failure to correct…… [Read More]
working with a diverse population of Native Americans, Hispanics, and other individuals in the prison systems and public clinics of this country, I have come to two, crucial conclusions. Firstly, that the currently cost-strapped environment of the national health care system cries out for innovative financial and sociological solutions. Secondly, I believe I require further education in the field of public health to accomplish my goals in seeking to remedy the systemic abuses I have personally witnessed in my own, current capacity as a physician's assistant. These two crucial reasons combine and fuse in my desire to pursue a PhD at Walden in the field of public health.
"Physician, heal thyself," goes the famous quotation -- and indeed, I have sought to heal my own gaps of knowledge through continually educating myself in the technical innovations of the medical field and of the current state of public health in America.…… [Read More]
Discuss an academic, professional or extra-curricular activity or accomplishment that has been important to you and that you feel demonstrates your capacity to meet the challenges of returning to school to prepare for a new career in medicine. In framing your response please keep in mind that this essay is not intended as an examination of your desire or decision to pursue a career in Medicine. Do not attempt to prove the depth or sincerity of your motives; do try to give a sense of yourself as an individual by discussing something at which you feel you have been successful.
To be a doctor, one daily must come to grips with success and failure. My endeavors in the medical profession, both as a researcher and dealing with patients, have taught me this lesson all too well. One always succeeds in as a student of medicine and in the…… [Read More]
itz vs. Mayo Clinic
When it comes to purchasing and spending, there are two things that perhaps do not always compare equally and favorably and that would be healthcare and hotels. Luxury hotels like itz Carlson stand out simply because not everyone can or chooses to stay at hotels like itz Carlton whereas everyone will need healthcare at some point. What draws these two firms together is that customer service is the epicenter of what they focus on and they do so in a way that is unique. Even with all of that, there are some clear differences between the two and it comes down to their motivations and why they do what they do. While both firms have impeccable customer service, there is clearly one firm that stands out from the two and it is for more than one reason.
As noted in the introduction, both itz Carlton…… [Read More]
A way to better distribute the information that is being taught in the classrooms is also through the community so that the changes are also effecting the parents to the students, as a change on their part as well would be helpful in the battle against obesity. It would be useful to initially target pamphlets, an informational booth or table at grocery stores, where the foundation of the problem lies. It would be effective if information is given before families go grocery shopping so they are more conscious of the items that they are purchasing. Furthermore, information should also be initially presented on TVs, in newspapers and magazines and other mediums that would likely be used in the more low-key and sedentary setting in order to galvanize individuals to get outside. Once outside, in order to sustain the physical activity, it would be nice to have water and juice at…… [Read More]
Calorie Management Program
The purpose of this report is to break down the goals and create a comprehensive overview of the requested program from the client. This breakdown lists the client's precise desired features and provides guidance on how the interface should be presented. This report will be submitted to the storyboard team for visual flowchart creation as the next actionable step by our company and projections of time and cost to the client.
The Calorie Management project is intended to be a comprehensive solution for tracking calorie balances. Users will be able to enter daily information regarding calorie consumption and exercise to establish a net gain or loss in weight. The goal is to help users achieve their goals by monitoring steady progress through a simple to use interface and interactive features. No actual calculations will be required of users, rather all calculators will be hidden behind the interface…… [Read More]
Spinal vs. General Anesthesia
The outcome of patients after undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate is examined under varying clinical situations to assess whether spinal anesthesia is associated with greater likelihood of positive outcome. Also examined in great detail are the potential for increased morbidity and mortality based on whether patients underwent general or spinal anesthesia during surgery. A large body of evidence indicates that there is no statistically significant difference between patient outcomes regardless of choice of anesthetic technique. This paper concludes that patients should be well educated and informed so they may make the choice most appropriate to their personal situation and comfort level preferences. An equal number of adverse side effects are associated with each anesthetic technique; as such patients should choose the technique that will result in the greatest post-operative satisfaction. The implications for practice suggest that physicians and anesthetists have an obligation to educate and…… [Read More]
Advance Nursing Practice
In order to sustain life, the human body has to have oxygen. When a person cannot breathe, or there is not enough oxygen coming into the body through the act of breathing, it is not possible for life to continue. The respiratory system is what provides the person with the opportunity to breathe and take in oxygen. Carbon dioxide is also expelled that same way. If oxygen is not received, the brain cells will start dying, followed by other cells, organs, and tissues. Addressed here is a case study dealing with the respiratory system, conditions it may face, and how those issues can be treated.
Patient Initials: Unknown Age: 65 yo Sex: Female
Client Complaints: The patient complains of a dry cough that is rarely productive. She has had the cough for two weeks, and for the last two days has also been running a…… [Read More]
Digestion and diabetes: Overview of the process
The digestive process begins even before food is consumed. Looking at or anticipating food causes salivation. Saliva aids digestion, along with chewing. For example, when Jane Doe looks at a plate consisting of a whole wheat turkey sandwich (garnished by vegetables and mayonnaise), potato chips, and apple juice, her body will begin to anticipate eating by secreting digestive juices. The first major involuntary muscular movement for Jane Doe will not occur until she consciously decides to swallow the food in front of her. "Although you are able to start swallowing by choice, once the swallow begins, it becomes involuntary and proceeds under the control of the nerves" (Your digestive system, 2010, NIH). The swallowed food is pushed into the esophagus, the organ that connects the teeth, mouth, and tongue through the throat to the stomach. "At the junction of the esophagus and…… [Read More]
Fletcher, V. (2006). How your birthday can cause allergies. UK News: Northern and Shell Media Publications. Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/206427/How-your-birthday-can-cause-allergies
Jedrychowski W. et al. (2003). Prenatal lead exposure heightens childhood allergies.
Environmental Health News: Environmental Health Sciences. Retrieved on June 5,
2011 from http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience.prenatal.lead-exposure-heightens-dhildhood-allergies
Schonberger et al. (2005). Prenatal exposure to mite and pet allergens and total serum
IgE at birth in high-risk children. Pediatric Allergy & Immunology: PubMed.
Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18702655
Lin L. et al. (2010). Prenatal allergen & diesel exhaust. Allergy, Asthma, & Clinical
Immunology: Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health. Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://ccceh.hs.columbia.edu/ped-papers/LinAAC12010.pdf
Matthias, W. et al. (2005). Latitude, birth date and allergy. PLosMedicine: Public
Library of Science. Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info.doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.0020794
Pyrhonen, K. et al. (2010). Season of the first semester of pregnancy predicts sensitization to food allergens in childhood: a…… [Read More]
Prior to Launching Technology Initiatives
Over the past seven years, many healthcare organizations, like OUUCH, have begun to transition from the traditional paper-based systems to EH systems. esearch has shown that over a period of time. EH systems can improve quality of care for patients, provide more accurate information, and overall improve safety issues relating to reducing mistakes with patients. In the exploratory study, "Change factors affecting the transition to an… [EH] system in a private physicians' practice: An exploratory study," Aaron D. Spratt, Social Security Administration and Kevin E. Dickson (2008), Southeast Missouri State University, report that the U.S. health care industry reportedly ranks among the world's leading inefficient information enterprises. Although the system needs major changes, the transition process however, creates a high change in the business aspect of an organization. Spratt and Dickson (2008) explain that for an EH system to be successful, doctors must be involved…… [Read More]
narcolepsy and its treatment. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that may have its origins as a neurological disorder. Narcoleptics can fall asleep uncontrollably during the day, and suffer from sleeplessness at night. Often, this disease is undiagnosed and untreated. It usually becomes apparent between the ages of 15 and 25, but it can occur at any time in a person's life. Narcolepsy is a serious illness that requires treatment, but there is no cure. It can be managed with drugs and lifestyle changes.
Normally, a person enters EM (apid Eye Movement) sleep about 90 minutes after falling asleep. This is the deepest form of sleep, and it is when dreams usually occur. During this time, sleepers may experience a loss in muscle tone, sleep paralysis, and especially vivid dreams. In a narcoleptic patient, EM occurs almost immediately after falling asleep, and it can reoccur throughout the day, as well. The…… [Read More]
Care of Patients With Cancer
Diagnosis and Staging of Cancer
Because cancer is a complex disorder that often progresses over long periods of time -- including long periods before an actual diagnosis can be made -- it is very useful to medical practitioners to identify various stages in the progression of the disease. Diagnosis may occur as the result of presenting complaints that cause a patient to seek medical help, or diagnosis may occur when routine check-ups lead to a suspicion by a physician or a laboratory specialist that a more thorough investigation is indicated. Indeed, one of the reasons why certain procedures are included in routine annual physicals is because these tests result in a diagnosis at sufficiently high rates to make them worth conducting. As medical technology advances, the procedures are modified accordingly -- and sometimes the frequency standards for these procedures are modified, as well.
The nomenclature…… [Read More]
(Stress Management Health Center, 2008)
Also stated as methods used for relaxation are: (1) physical activity; (2) doing something one enjoys and (3) body-centered relaxation. (Stress Management Health Center, 2008) ody-centered relaxation may include breathing exercise, progressive muscle relaxation, massage, aromatherapy and Yoga. Also stated to be effective is 'Magnetic Field Therapy' although there is some disagreement about the use of this type of therapy for stress-relief.
III. STRESS PREVENTION
Primary among stress-related coping skills is that of knowing how to avoid potentially stress-producing situations and knowing how to reduce the negative reactions one experiences due to stress. Time management skills are 'key' toward stress avoidance and reduction. For instance, one can save time through task delegations and by setting aside personal time for themselves. Prioritization of tasks according to their importance and management of commitments are also 'key' components of effective stress management. Lifestyle choices also affect ones' ability…… [Read More]
Meanwhile, kidney stones are not a new medical problem, according to the National Kidney & Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (National Institutes of Health). In fact scientists have found evidence of kidney stones "…in a 7,000-year-old Egyptian mummy" (NIH). The NIH explains that the number of patients with kidney stones "has been increasing over the past 30 years" and researchers are not sure why. In the late 1970s, not even 4% of the American population had kidney stones but by the 1990s more than 5% of the population suffered from kidney stones (NIH). Caucasian men are the most likely people to get kidney stones, and from the age of 40 up to 70 men are particularly susceptible to kidney stones (NIH).
Kidney stones can be several shapes, even jagged shaped, which can be more painful than a smooth stone,…… [Read More]
INTENET'S IMPACT ON HEALTH CAE INFOMATION
The Internet's Impact on Health Care Information
The Internet's Impact on Health Care Information
This paper explores some of the best and well-known cites and sites around the world for information and health care. Early in the 21st century, the World Health Organization made its first attempt to rank the quality of health care in approximately 200 countries. (NYT, 2007) The WHO ranked the countries' health care based on factors such as fairness, quality, access, insurance coverage, patient satisfaction, and use of information technology among other factors. (NYT, 2007) According to this research, some of countries in the world that provide the best health care overall are France, Italy, Malta, Japan, and Monaco, among others. (NYT, 2007) As much as the United States of America boasts at being the best in the world at nearly everything, United States health care was not in…… [Read More]
The following is the assessment of AB case, a first time visitor to the writer. The assessment will include checking the pharmacologic treatment, reactions to the drugs in the medicines consumed, advisory healthcare practices and exercises, and non-pharmacologic treatment. More information to be provided if need be.
AB, an overweight, 52--?year -- ?old, Hispanic, male comes for the first visit to your office for assessment of complaints about tiredness, nocturia x 2 -- ?3, and finding it difficult to do the required paperwork in the office (Masters, 2014). He informs that he is reportedly having diabetes type 2 for about six years when he first experienced same feelings of fatigue and nocturia x 2 -- ?3. The patient informs he has attended infrequent classes on diabetes that emphasized on importance of physical activity and weight loss (Masters, 2014). His was accompanied by his wife to these…… [Read More]
Fibromyalgia is a rather mysterious condition, with no known cause and no known cure. The symptoms of fibromyalgia consist primarily of muscle and joint pain and heightened sensitivity to pain, experienced globally. Secondary symptoms, which are also common in sufferers, include chronic fatigue, cognitive and memory dysfunction, sleep disorders, and mood disorders. Women are far more likely to suffer from fibromyalgia than men, and age of onset is generally between 30 to 50 years. A combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions are recommended, with the latter taking precedence over the former in evidence-based practice. Prognosis is relatively good when the right combination of lifestyle and treatment options is employed.
The cause of fibromyalgia remains a mystery. ecent research reveals the possibility of a genetic marker for pain sensitivity in fibromyalgia patients, in that haplotypes of the COMT gene and genotypes of the Val158Met polymorphism play a key role on…… [Read More]
Identify the Disease
Graves' disease is a disorder of the immune system that results in too many thyroid hormones being produced, a situation that is called hyperthyroidism. Thyroid hormones impact many different body functions, so the " ... signs and symptoms" that are linked to Graves' disease cannot easily be zeroed in on specifically (Mayo Clinic). Anyone can be stricken with Graves' disease but it is far more common among women who haven't reached the age of 40 yet. To summarize, Graves' is actually caused by a "malfunction of disease-fighting immune system," which is, too many thyroid hormones are being produced.
The Mayo Clinic provides a list of signs and symptoms that a person may have Graves' disease. Some of the signs associated with Graves' disease include: being irritable or anxious; a fine tremor in hands or fingers; sensitive to heat and increased perspiration; losing weight though eating…… [Read More]
It is commonly associated with Staphylococcus aureus (2011). "Studies have shown that 20% of all cases are caused by Candida albicans alone, 60% are caused by a combination of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans, and 20% are caused by Staphylococcus aureus alone" (2011).
Angular cheilitis can be found in any age group and can be diagnosed by an "erythematous, fissured area" (DH 2011) are the corners of the mouth. The tissue will appear wrinkled and a "superficial crust may be seen superimposed over the affected area" (2011). Accencuated folds in the corner area of the mouth on older individuals can be a great environment for Candida albicans to thrive (2011).
The reason Candida albicans is often misdiagnosed is because an overgrowth of Candida in the human body can cause more than 100 various symptoms related to Candidiasis, making it practically impossible to pin down (Candida Cure Zone 2011). To get…… [Read More]
Constipation, Hypertension, Seizure
This is the infrequent or difficult bowel evacuation (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012). While there are no strict standard for bowel elimination, it is generally believed that fewer than thrice a week constitutes constipation. Stools are usually hard and dry. Other common symptoms associated constipation include excessive straining during bowel evacuation, a sense of rectal blockage, a sense of incomplete evacuation and the need to perform manual measures to evacuate the bowels. Constipation may be the consequence of insufficient fluid intake or dehydration, inadequate fiber in the diet, foregoing elimination, irritable bowel syndrome, lack of physical activity, illness, abuse of laxatives and certain medical conditions. Those more likely to develop constipation are older adults, those who are sedentary, confined in bed, dehydrated, on low-fiber diet, on certain medications and undergoing chemotherapy. It is more common in women and children. Causes for alarm include fewer…… [Read More]
ood indicates that "everyone has different motivations and aspirations that they wish to achieve in their life. ork-life balance is about adjustments that can be made to working patterns to enable people to combine work with the other facets of their life. Bratton and Gold (2003: 105) de-ne work-life balance as, 'the relationship between the institutional and cultural times and spaces of work and non-work in societies where income is predominantly generated and distributed through labour markets.'" (p. 388) This implicates various aspects of one's working experience, including the manner in which one's responsibility's are balanced with one's personal needs; the degree to which social needs are constructed within the workplace; and the manner in which the employer goes about providing opportunities for attendance of personal needs for employees. This definition is also underscored by the basic assumption that employee morale and work/life balance are inextricable and that, additionally, these…… [Read More]
Thus, a diagnosis of Hepatitis C might not warrant any treatment intervention other than close monitoring of liver function. hen the virus remains in the body, the disease progresses to its chronic phase. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "chronic HCV infection develops in 70% -- 85% of HCV-infected persons." Of chronically infected individuals, 60% -- 70% "have evidence of active liver disease," (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). About 17% of chronically infected individuals will develop cirrhosis and about 2% will develop liver cancer (United States Department of Veteran's Affairs).
Treating chronic Hepatitis C usually entails pharmaceutical intervention. A combination of two antiviral drugs, peginterferon and ribavirin, is currently the most effective treatment intervention. Other methods include administering long-acting (pegylated) interferon by itself; or administering a short-acting version of interferon with ribarvirin (United States Department of Veteran's Affairs). Using these two drugs, peginterferon and ribavirin, the…… [Read More]
foods you shouldn't feed baby. (2008). Parents. Retrieved:
Lack, Evonne. (2011). Ten best foods for babies. Baby Center. Retrieved:
Solid foods: How to get your baby started. (2012). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved:
Your baby's first meals are the one and the only time you will have total control over baby's eating habits: Choose those meals wisely
Introduce solid baby foods safely
List the available in this order with contact information.
Community Resource #1
Community Resource #2
How to avoid common hazards:
Everyone knows that breastfeeding is the best food for infants, but some parents experience confusion about what is the best, first 'real food' to give their children.
Why the first foods you feed your baby are so important:
Every parent wants their children to get a good start in life: just as with adults, "you are what…… [Read More]
How to deal with hypoglycemia:
What is hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is a condition that occurs when a patient's blood sugar (glucose) is too low. Quite often, the patient will be aware of this condition through symptoms such as feeling faint, agitation or anxiety, sweating, weakness, or headache. Confusion and double vision may also manifest themselves. Technically, any blood sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low (Topiwala 2012). Common causes of hypoglycemia include too much insulin is released into the bloodstream when the patient is an insulin-dependent diabetic.
People with diabetes often suffer hypoglycemia when their condition is not being treated properly, such as when they inject themselves with too much insulin. "Hypoglycemia may also result if, after taking your diabetes medication, you don't eat as much as usual (ingesting less glucose) or you exercise more (using up more glucose) than you normally would" (Hypoglycemia, 2012, Mayo Clinic). Other causes include…… [Read More]
As people age, there are three main types of cognitive changes that can impair or alter cognitive functioning: mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's. All of these syndromes are more severe than the normal decline that is expected with aging, though they do not all reach the severity of dementia. Dementia refers to the "the loss of cognitive functioning- thinking, remembering, and reasoning- and behavior abilities, to such an extent that it interferes with a person's daily life and activities" (NIH, 2013). While there are some similarities between these three conditions, there are also significant differences between the three syndromes. These differences can impact treatment options and also help predict impact on the patient and the family.
MCI is an intermediate stage, which features a more significant cognitive decline than that expected with normal aging, but is not as severe as full-blown dementia. "It can involve problems…… [Read More]
pathophysiology: Testicular torsion
"Testicular torsion occurs when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that brings blood to the scrotum. The reduced blood flow causes sudden and often severe pain and swelling. Testicular torsion is most common between ages 12 and 16, but it can occur at any age, even before birth" (Testicular torsion, 2014, Mayo Clinic). Visually, it presents itself as a testicle which is positioned unusually higher than the opposite testicle. The condition can be extremely dangerous. "If the testicle rotates several times, blood flow to it can be entirely blocked, causing damage more quickly" (Testicular torsion, 2014, Mayo Clinic). Some males have testicles which are more prone to rotation, causing a greater likelihood of manifesting torsion. apid growth of the testes during puberty is a contributing factor, however, and thus the condition may be present even in young males without the genetic tendency for increased rotation of…… [Read More]
Obesity is when a person has an unhealthy amount of body fat. It causes a person to be overweight in all aspects of the body. There is a lot of body fat due to being overweight. It is important for every human being to have some body fat. However too much fat can lead to a lot of health problems. There are a lot of factors which contribute to obesity. Experts believe that the high calorie diets of our time are to blame for majority of the cases. A lot of people eat food such as burgers, nuggets, ice cream, cake, chips, candy and other various types of snacks. These snacks are full of fats and calories. Eating fatty foods contributes to obesity. Obesity is also linked to the genetics of a body. It can occur if a person has obesity in the family.
Fast Food's link to Obesity
People…… [Read More]
The dexamethasone group showed meaningful improvements in several variables. After 48 hours, the women who received dexamethasone has a significantly reduced mean arterial pressure at 115 mm Hg v 94 m Hg, P < 0.05 and mean asparatate aminotransferase level at 100 IU/1 v 50 IU/1; P < 0.05. Their urine output also improved at 60 ml/h v 40 ml/h; P < 0.05 and a mean platelet count at 115-000 v 70 000; P < 0.05. The researchers concluded that their findings supported a high dose corticosteroid treatment of women with the HELLP syndrome. Although three control patients showed infectious complications, there were no statistically significant differences in morbidity.
As part of nursing and medical management, dexamethasone is often given to women with this condition and are between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation at risk of pre-term delivery to accelerate the maturation of fetal lungs (Matchaba and Moodley 2005). While…… [Read More]
608). Hence, Spears is seen as transcending from teen pop star to "vamp." Some of her fans refer to her as "slore" (the combined words "slut" and "whore") because of her move from teen cuteness to adult soft core pornography.
Although it is possible, it doesn't seem likely that Spears suffers from schizophrenia. In his book, Dr. David Barlow lists the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia, and while Spears has shown "grossly disorganized…" behavior, to our knowledge she does not have disorganized speech, delusions or hallucinations. There is nothing in the literature about Spears that indicates she has had autistic issues or psychotic lapses, but again, schizophrenia is a remote possibility (Barlow, et al., 2008).
hat interventions may be appropriate for Spears, given the widespread believe among those close to her and professionals that she has psychological problems?
Does Spears suffer from a bipolar condition? According to Medline Plus (part of…… [Read More]
Studies also indicate that the people of this area are more physically active than most Americans, and they have extensive social support, through large families, that tend to keep people healthier and happier throughout life. While there may be other factors that contribute to the longevity of people who partake in a Mediterranean diet, designing a low-fat, healthy diet based on Mediterranean principles of little red meat, lots of fruits and vegetables, a glass of red wine now and then, and use of "good" fats like olive oil, can lead to a healthier, more active and enjoyable lifestyle. Americans can learn a lot from the Mediterranean lifestyle, if they only take the time to learn about it and make the choice to live healthier, more active lives.
In conclusion, the Mediterranean diet is a healthy alternative to fast food and microwaved meals that can promote heart health and weight maintenance,…… [Read More]
Although it was once considered a rare disease, Huntington's disease (HD) is now known to be one of several frequently encountered hereditary diseases. It is estimated that 30,000 people in the U.S. have the disease. People affected by HD require extensive care from their families and loved ones, and because of this need, this devastating condition affects a wide circle of people close to those who are ill ("Huntington's Disease"). This widespread affect on so many lives is one reason that promoting HD awareness is so important.
HD is an inherited brain disorder that leads to loss of physical control and mental capacity. Caused by an inherited defect in a single gene, HD is an autosomal dominant disorder, which means that a person needs only one copy of the defective gene to develop the disorder. ith the exception of genes on the sex chromosomes, a person inherits two…… [Read More]
Hello, my friend. I am truly sorry and sympathize as much as I can regarding your traumatic car accident and subsequent spinal injury. I appreciate that you have kept me abreast of your treatment options. Your team of physicians agree that you would be a fine candidate for treatment specifically with stem cells. Most people have heard of stem cells and are aware of the scientific and ethical controversies surrounding them, but not as many people have performed productive research to find out what they really are and what the possible medical applications (and pitfalls) that come with stem cells. I have taken it upon myself to do some research for you, so that you are in a better position to make a more informed decision regarding this option for treatment of your spinal cord injury. In the next couple of pages, I will do my best to…… [Read More]
Mr. H case study
What is the client's most prominent presenting issues (that is, what seems to take priority as being wrong)?
Mr. H has shown a sharp decline in cognitive functioning. He has quit his job without warning and without consulting with his spouse (who is economically as well as emotionally affected by this decision), has shown difficulty remembering basic tasks and words that a man of his education and background should be able to retrieve easily, and is exhibiting signs of disorientation. Despite being an accomplished outdoorsman he has gotten lost while hiking; has difficulty reading; and although he was a science teacher has difficulty doing basic math. He also has trouble performing basic acts of self-care and memory exercises.
Q2. What else do you feel you need to know (or, what might be some areas you may ask about in order to determine what…… [Read More]
Schizoid Personality Disorder Chart
SPD or Schizoid Personality Disorder is a Cluster A personality, which is a group consisting of peculiar and odd personality disorders. SPD is categorized by a prevalent social detachment pattern and a restricted amount of emotions. Due to this, the people affected by SPD are isolated socially and do not seek for relationships that get them close to a person.
Individuals suffering from SPD are mostly reserved and they organize their life so they can avoid social contact. A lot of individuals with SPD do not marry and even live with their parents their whole life. Some other commonly found characteristics of SPD are:
They seek solitary activities and jobs
They do not seek and enjoy relationships with a close bonding
They do not take pleasure in a lot of activities (group)
They do not have any close relatives
They find it difficult to relate…… [Read More]
Down Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that can produce a range of intellectual and physical defects in the individual. Depending on the phenotypic variation, these defects can be more or less severe for some than they are for others (Karmiloff-Smith et al., 2016). It is the most common genetic disorder in the U.S. and the most common cause of learning in young children. It can also lead to other health-related issues and complications such as heart as well as gastrointestinal disorders (Mayo Clinic, 2018). This paper will discuss the pathophysiology of Down Syndrome; the signs, symptoms and complications of the disorder; what current research and evidence-based practices focus on; and the most common treatment and management practices for Down Syndrome.
In all but 5% of cases, Down Syndrome is caused by trisomy 21—i.e., the individual has three chromosome 21 copies (Antonarakis, Lyle, Dermitzakis, Reymond & Deutsch,…… [Read More]
However, what was once a slow journey has recently gathered momentum with the introduction of "more flexible immunosuppression protocols, the ability to individualize surgical options to patient needs, and the dramatic improvement of isolated islet transplantation results." (Allen, p. 3485) esearchers use pancreas transplant options and advanced surgical techniques, but the donor pancreas and surgical complications, as well as the type of immunosuppression affect the outcome of islet transplantation.
The immunosuppressive drugs have significant side effects and long-term effects are still not known. Known side effects of immunosuppressive drugs include mouth sores and gastrointestinal problems, such as stomach upset or diarrhea. Patients also have experienced increased blood cholesterol levels, decreased white blood cell counts, decreased kidney function, and increased susceptibility to bacterial and viral infections. Taking immunosuppressive drugs increases the risk of tumors and cancer as well.
Progress on whole pancreas and beta cell transplantation has been hampered by the…… [Read More]
Eating Disorders and Gender
There are medical conditions which more commonly occur in one gender over another. These conditions can be either mental or physical. Very often, they are both mental and physical conditions. Certain medical situations are extremely severe and can potentially result in serious harm to the body or perhaps even death. There are certain conditions which being with a mental impression, a false belief that has been ingrained within the mind which then manifests itself in the body of the individual. One of the most common and most disturbing types of condition is known as an eating disorder. By this term, it is meant that the patient suffers a mental conditioning which makes them either unwilling or unable to eat in a healthy manner resulting in either over or under eating and malnutrition. Eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia are the result of psychological issues on…… [Read More]
" (Fleming et al., 1994)
B. Genetic Factors
hile environmental factors are shown to increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease there are also specific mutations linked to the development of PD in certain populations. For example it is reported that a study conducted on Parkinson's Disease and hereditary genetic risks of developing this disease states findings that researchers in the study "...found that ethnic Chinese individuals carrying a mutation they indentified in the LRRK2 gene are over two times more likely to develop the disease than non-carriers." (Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, 2004) the study was conducted at Mayo Clinic in 2004. The research team not only discovered the LRRK2 gene and the role it plays in Parkinson's disease but as well discovered "...a number of mutations in LRRK2 a gene that codes for poorly understood protein, leucine-rich repeat kinase." (Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, 2004)
One of the mutations 'G209S…… [Read More]