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Methodologies and Research Methods Used in School Advisory Systems
Words: 3715 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 47796924
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Ethics comprises of an intricate set of principles, morals and institutional outlines that standardize scientific activity. Educational and social researchers face complex challenges occasionally, when they encounter the conflict of their legal and moral responsibility towards protection of their participants on one hand, and maintaining the standards, criteria of quality and significance of research on the other hand. Although, the research design or findings does not always restrained or deteriorated by ethical principles. At times, ethics are supportive in enhancing the quality of research, while some other times it's not. Additionally, researchers "bear a special responsibility for protecting the interests of vulnerable groups throughout the research process" (Tangen, 2014, p. 678).

At all times, educational practitioners have realized the weighed down value of education and that the quality of education rests on ethical standards. The consciousness of educational researchers regarding the ethical dimensions of their research is increasing day by…


Abed, M. G. (2014-2015). A Consideration to Two Main Ethical Issues in Educational Research, And How May These Be Addressed. i-manager's Journal on Educational Psychology, 8(3),1-14.

Comer, S. K. (2009). The Ethics of Conducting Educational Research on Your Own Students. Journal of Nursing Law, 13(4), 100-105. doi: 10.1891/1073-7472.13.4.100

Dooly, D. L. (2013). Academic Achievement in Arkansas High Schools Based on the Implementation Level of a Teacher Advisory Program. Retrieved 1 July 2016 from 

ESRC. (2015). ESRC Framework for Research Ethics. Retrieved 1 July 2016 from

Applying Troubleshooting Methodologies Component 1
Words: 1783 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60821060
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Analysis of esults:

The Disk Cleanup Tool should be part of normal maintenance on computers. The buildup of obsolete files overtime can cause degradation of your computer. After running disk clean up unneeded files were deleted which gave improved system performance.

Troubleshooting Tool 3: Virus scans

Tool Overview:

Having an up-to-date anti-virus software is an integral part of keeping your computer running smoothly. Simple steps should be taken to ensure your anti-virus is running properly. Ensure definitions are up-to-date by running live update regularly and have scheduled virus scans.

Tool Usage:

The following steps overview how to use Symantec Endpoint Protection:

1. Select Start (All Programs (Symantec Endpoint Protection (Symantec Endpoint Protection.

2. The status of "Your computer is protected." Should be displayed. If it is not, take the listed actions on screen to turn on protection. Select the "Live Update" button on the left-side of the screen.



Anonymous. (August 3, 2011). How to make a computer faster: 6 ways to speed up your PC. Retrieved from

Broida, Rick. (April 15, 2009). Disable Vista's Scheduled Disk-Defragmenting. Retrieved 

Mitchell, Bradley. (May 13, 2010). Can't Connect to the Internet? Retrieved from 

O'Donnell, Bob. (January 1, 2005). PC Hardware Troubleshooting Tips. Retrieved from

Multiple Value Methodologies Businesses Competing in the
Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4775350
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Multiple Value Methodologies

usinesses competing in the information age can no longer be measured in the short run by the traditional financial accounting model. This model developed for the Increasingly, companies must use multiple valuation methodologies to appropriately assess their IT investments. Traditional quantitative measures help companies get a grip on hard dollar figures, but don't allow the integration of measures derived from strategy such as customer, internal business process, learning and growth perspectives (Phadnis). In the endeavor to incorporate strategy, qualitative methodologies complement quantitative methodologies to capture the whole picture.

Two very common quantitative valuation methodologies include Economic Value Added (EVA) and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) (Mayor, 2002). EVA equals net operating profit minus appropriate capital charges. y assessing a charge for the use of capital, EVA encourages managers to monitor assets as well as income, and keeps them aware of the trade-offs between the two. EVA considers…


Isfahani, K. (2004, June). Narrowing the search. Darwin Magazine. Retrieved February 22, 2005 from 

Mayor, T. (2002, July 15). A buyer's guide to IT value methodologies. CIO Magazine. Retrieved February 22, 2005 from 

Phadnis, S. The balanced score card. Retrieved February 22, 2005 from

Goals Although Quantitative Methodologies Are
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 94007992
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Although every research setting will be unique in some fashion, there are some generalities involved in content analysis that can be followed by novice researchers. For example, according to Riffe, Lacy and Fico (2005), "Usually, but not always, content analysis involves drawing representative samples of content. The data collected in a quantitative content analysis are then usually analyzed to describe what are typical patterns or characteristics, or to identify important relationships among the variables measured" (p. 2).

Narrative analysis. This research methodology considers the narrative stories provided by narrators as representing their authentic social reality (Etherington, 2004). According to Etherington, "Narrative analysis views life as constructed and experienced through the telling and re-telling of the story, and the analysis is the creation of a coherent and resonant story" (2004, p. 81). Narrative analyses is not intended to identify commonalties or conceptual themes among narrative accounts, but rather relies on the…

Correlational research. This type of research identifies and evaluates the natural relationship that exists between different variables. According to Groat and Wang, "This characteristic means that it is particularly appropriate in circumstances when variables either cannot be manipulated for practical reasons or should not be manipulated for ethical reasons" (2003, p. 244).

Developmental designs. This type of research is used to measure changes that occur over lengthy periods of time (Developmental research, 2012). For example, a developmental design would be suitable for analyzing the differences in academic and social development in low-income vs. high-income neighborhoods. This research design is most common when working with children as subjects and can be undertaken using several methods: longitudinal, cross sectional, and cross sequential (Developmental research, 2012).

Survey research. Survey research collects data from a large number of respondents in an attempt to gain a better understanding about this sample as a whole (Grinnel & Unrau, 2005). According to Grinnel and Unrau, "It is essential, therefore, that survey research procedures produce data that is accurate, reliable, and representative so that findings can be generalized from a sample to the larger population or to different research situations" (p. 272). One of the main strengths of survey research concerns its flexibility for data-gathering purposes. De Vaus (2002) notes that, "A survey is not just a particular technique of collecting information: questionnaires are widely used but other techniques, such as structured and in-depth interviews, observation, content analysis and so forth, can also be used in survey research. The distinguishing features of surveys are the form of the data and the method of analysis" (p. 3). This main strength, though, is offset somewhat by the constraints that are inherent in the approach, but these constraints are frequently related to

Job Evaluation Methodologies Are Techniques or Systems
Words: 441 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50427247
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job evaluation methodologies are techniques or systems used to evaluate jobs against universal factors and sub-factors. During this process, the job content is examined against the identified factors and then represented as a point or numeric value. This is followed by comparing the pre-determined pay structure of grades to identify the most suitable pay range assignment. Following the evaluation of a set of jobs in an organization, the unique interpretation of the levels of the factors in the organization and requirements for jobs becomes very crucial. The results of point factor job evaluation methodologies are determined through the use of factor comparison. Actually, one of the most powerful measures for conducting job evaluation is combining point-factor techniques with factor-comparison approaches (Henderson, 2006, p.2008).

There are several point factor job evaluation systems such as Lott's Point Method, Benge's Factor Comparison, NEMA Method, Hay's Profile Method, and Factor Evaluation System. While these…


Henderson, R.I. (2006). Compensation management in a knowledge-based world (10th ed.).

Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Wagoner, L. (n.d.). Job Evaluation Two Point-Factor Methods. Retrieved from University of Houston website:

Job Analysis Methodologies the Changingminds org
Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 80182651
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In this way, all three methods of job analysis can integrate in order to provide an objective as well as global overview of the job being analyzed.

When analyzing the Packagers job, all three methods will then be used in an integrated way. Because of the size of the company, interviews and questionnaires have been considered as unviable. It would simply take too much time and effort to administer and analyze questionnaires. Interviews in turn would impose upon the work time of workers, and would not be sufficiently accurate to be of value to the analysis.

In order to assemble the information and complete the analysis in a timely manner, it was decided to delegate the self-reporting tasks to team managers. Each team manager will provide a self-report of his or her own, together with gathering self-reports from subordinates. These will then be consolidated and provided to the HR Manager.…

Sources Job Analysis. 2010. Job Analysis: Overview. 2010. 

McNamara, Carter. Employee Task and Job Analysis. Free Management Library, 2008. 

U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Job Analysis Tools. 2010.

Types of Evaluation Designs and 2 Types of Methodologies
Words: 2229 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35627993
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criminal procedure and the idiosyncrasies of criminal practice vary widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction" (Jaros, 2010, p. 445). If what Jaros states is true, then it is probably true as well that evaluating the different circumstances surrounding the commission of crime is also widely diverse in its practice. There are a number of methodologies that are used in various research including studies relating to the study of criminal justice and different aspects of that arena; two of the more commonly used methodologies employ quantitative and qualitative methods of research.

The quantitative methodology is used by researchers who are seeking to quantify certain areas of study or the results of such studies. Quantifying involves numbers, percentages and numerically evaluated data. One of the benefits that can be derived when using quantitative evaluation is that such a method provides numerical data for comparative studies. Comparative studies show specific numbers calculated from participant…


Behavioral Sciences and the Law (2006) online accessed at Wiley Inter-Science on November 11, 2010, at

Bhola, H.S. (1990) Evaluating 'literacy for development' projects, programs and campaigns: Evaluation planning, design and implementation, and utilization of evaluation results. UNESCO Institute for Education, xii

Bonta, J.; Wallace-Capretta, S.; Rooney, J.; McAnoy, K.; (2002) An outcome evaluation of a restorative justice alternative to incarceration, Contemporary Justice Review, Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp. 319-338

Chaiken, J.M. & Chaiken, M.R.; (1982) Varieties of criminal behavior, Santa Monica: Rand Publishers

Mixed Method Qualitative Quantitative Mixed Methodologies Quantitative
Words: 728 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 50233499
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Mixed Method

Qualitative, quantitative, mixed methodologies

Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methodology research

Quantitative methodologies tend to be data-driven in nature. The presumption of the correct 'way of knowing' in quantitative research is positivistic in nature. It is assumed there is an objective, concrete truth that can be learned through empirical observation and the careful construction of an experiment. Quantitative methods of research often use the scientific method or quasi-scientific methods of study design. The researcher has a clear idea of the phenomenon he or she is attempting to study. The researcher's primary tools include questionnaires, objective measurements and other methods of gathering statistical results. Often there is a control group to see if the results are statistically significant in nature. The study is carefully designed before the research takes place to isolate specific variables of inquiry and its focus of study is narrow, rather than broad. The types of knowledge…


Neill, James. (2007). Qualitative vs. quantitative research. Retrieved:

The qualitative vs. quantitative debate. (2012). Writing at CSU. Retrieved:

Introduction to Research Methodologies
Words: 1102 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83884595
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represented by different methodologies, describing the purpose of every methodology and providing an example of a research problem for every methodology. The ideas that will be discussed in this paper include exemplifying what encompasses a research problem and also making comparisons and contrasts between qualitative research and quantitative research with respect to their strengths and weaknesses.


Experimental esearch

Correlational Study

Grounded Theory



Quantitative Study

Quantitative Study

Qualitative Study

Qualitative study

Qualitative study

To enable the researcher manipulate one variable while measuring other variables and therefore making it possible to examine cause and effect of research problems

To measure the relationship or correlation that exists between two variables

To question and interrogate a massive group of people regarding their philosophies and standpoints on a certain phenomenon

To develop a theory or theoretical model where none exists in the literature in relation to the sample

To describe and interpret…


Bryman, A. (2007). The Research Question in Social Research: What is its Role?" International Journal of Social Research Methodology 10: 5-20.

Choy, L. T. (2014). The strengths and weaknesses of research methodology: Comparison and complimentary between qualitative and quantitative approaches. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19(4), 99-104.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. (2008). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. Sage.

Teaching Methodologies Has Been Increasingly
Words: 1474 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41835124
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This is when learning comprehension will decrease. As a result, these concepts should be used to create a foundation for everyone. (McLoughlin, 2005, pp. 125 -- 129)

This means that the ideas presented in a traditional format should be augmented with the PBL method. This will build upon the foundation that was established and it will help students to use these concepts on their own. It is at this point that the total amounts of learning comprehension will increase dramatically. Once this happens, is when the student will be able to recall these ideas at different times throughout the course of their lives.

Evidence of this can be seen with research conducted by Dobbs (2008). She determined that effectively integrating different traditional and PBL methods will help to improve learning comprehension. This is because these approaches are presenting these ideas to students in a various formats. (Dobbs, 2008, pp. 9…


What is Project-Based Learning. (2012). PBL Online. Retrieved from: 

World Education Report. (1998). UNESCO. Retrieved from: 

Dobbs, V. (2008). Comparing Student Achievement. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Press.

Jin, D. (2011). Advances in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer.

Innately Superior Rather Some Methodologies May Be
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96955548
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innately superior: rather some methodologies may be more appropriate to certain types of research questions than others. The quantitative approach is fundamentally deductive, often using the scientific method of posing a specific hypothesis, amassing a large amount of data in which there are experimental and control groups, and then reaching a conclusion based upon controlling the variables involved in the study. In contrast, qualitative research is inductive and reaches conclusions based upon observed, specific evidence. There is no hypothesis to test. Rather than attempt to limit the variables that could affect the final results, usually the population under study is limited instead to allow for increased scrutiny. The variables under study may change.

Quantitative research is usually numerical in design and is based in statistical analysis. Although it may use questionnaires, qualitative research is based upon interviews and observations. Often these observations are participatory in nature, as the researcher becomes…

First Response:

The following will provide a comparison of qualitative and quantitative research approaches. In the exploration of qualitative research the following characteristics are observed relating to the use of theory. The use of theory varies within qualitative designs (Creswell, 2009). In certain qualitative studies the researcher will generate a theory as the product of their research (Creswell, 2009). Qualitative studies also utilize theory as a lens in which to view a question (Creswell, 2009).When using theory as a lens, these views shape the research question, how data is collected, and provide structure for the summarized need for change (Creswell, 2009). The third way theory is utilized within qualitative research is through the use of an inductive process (Creswell, 2009). This process involves broad themes being gathered and then the researcher developing patterns through examination of collected data. Once these patterns are established the researcher compares findings with existing literature (Creswell, 2009). Overall, in qualitative research, theory can be used as an attempt to explain attitudes and behaviors while it also has the ability to possess variables and hypothesis (Creswell, 2009).

In contrast, quantitative research attempts to test theories in an attempt to answer questions (Creswell, 2009). Historical precedent exists within quantitative research which dictates the definition of a theory as a scientific explanation (Creswell, 2009). Under this definition, a theory examines an interrelated set of variables which are formed into a hypothesis in an attempt to determine a relationship

Using ABC and TCA Methodologies to Protect the Environment
Words: 2369 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 99874860
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Environmental Science

Environmental Accounting DQ

Activity-based costing refers to costing methodologies identifying activities within organizations and assigning relevant costs to each activity against resources. The advisories are presented to all services and products based on the actual consumption of the items. The model assigns exclusive overhead costs to various direct costs in comparison with conventional costing. The ABC plan allows companies to have a sound estimate of cost elements for different products, services, and activities. The element helps in informing the company's decision for purposes of identifying and eliminating the services and products that are unprofitable while lowering prices for the overpriced service and product portfolio.


The application of random percentages in allocation of costs allows ABC to identify the cause and effect elements in objectively assigning costs. With the sequence of activities identified, the extensive costs for activities are attributed to various products to the scope in which…

Strengths and Weaknesses of Methodologies
Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88068047
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Recommended during latter phases of research projects.

Recommended during earlier phases of research projects.

Projects in different areas are not linear in approach.

All aspects of the study are carefully designed before data is collected.

The design emerges as the study unfolds.

The study of a drug interaction in x population is different than a study of language variation in y population.

Researcher uses tools, such as questionnaires or equipment to collect numerical data.

Researcher is the data-gathering instrument.

Sometimes subjectivity is at risk.

Data is in the form of numbers and statistics.

Data is in the form of words, pictures or objects.

Audience and style needs.

Objective -- seeks precise measurement & analysis of target concepts, e.g., uses surveys, questionnaires etc.

Subjective - individuals' interpretation of events is important, e.g., uses participant observation, in-depth interviews etc.

Both important to tell the entire story -- both sides of the picture.…

Education research can benefit from the quantitative paradigm precisely because it is so often a subjective field. Teachers and lecturers tend to take a subjective approach when working with their students. This is logical, as any field where human beings are involved will necessarily be subjective. However, the field of education should particularly be standardized, because it focuses on preparing the labor force of the future (Thomas, 1998). Future employers would therefore wish for a particular standard in their employees. This standard should be quantified. This quantification process can be achieved by applying quantitative research principles in education. The general subjectivity of the field can therefore be balanced by a more standardized logical approach. Logical facts discovered by these methods can then be used as a basis for personalized, subjective, and individual teaching approaches that each teacher considers appropriate for his or her classroom. The correlational approach involves the consideration of data to determine the degree to which two or more quantifiable variables relate to each other (Johnson, 2001).

This relationship is then used as a basis for further quantitative study. This is particularly useful in studies such as those focusing on education, as students' performance can be correlated with other influencing factors such as previous performance throughout the year. This can then be used in order to establish methodologies that would be more effective for future practice.

An advantage of this method is that it forms a good initial basis for further research. It provides the researcher with a sound springboard for further study. It can also produce useful data for retrospective analysis. A good correlation between variables can for

Decision-Making Methodologies
Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81273721
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My taxonomy of decision-making approaches will be based, somewhat loosely, on brain dominance theory combined with what I have seen in my experience. The underlying principle is that people are either analytical or emotional in their decision making. These are the two basic types, but within these there are differences as well. For example, rational decision-making can be purely statistical -- using the numbers to guide the process, or it can be more qualitative-rational. On the emotional side, decision making can be "gut," which is fairly reactive, or it can be based on past performance, so more of a "what has worked before."

In the middle is a hybrid, which relies on a heavy amount of analysis, before the final decision is based more on feel. There might not be a much academic support for this one, but I do it myself all the time. The use of gut…

research methodologies and design
Words: 1175 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15623155
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Mixed methods research design is popular in many research settings because it offers a set of advantages as well as a flexibility that cannot be matched by other available methods. This method combines some of the features from both quantitative and qualitative research methods to create unique methods that can integrate many theoretical or conceptual frameworks. This analysis will use a case study form of a mixed methods approach from studies that were performed in different academic fields to illustrate this form of research. The case study approach is popular in various environments due to the fact that it has more flexibility to explore and explain complex social phenomenon that are difficult to account for in strict quantitative approaches. Furthermore, it also allows room for the social constructivist approach that allows participants some freedom to add information that is relevant to their particular perspective to be added to the data.…

Works Cited

Mayo, J. (2002). Case-based Instruction: A Technique for Increasing Conceptual Application in Introductory Psychology. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 65-74.

O'Connor, B., & Cordova, R. (2010). Learning: The Experiences of Adults Who Work Full-Time While Attending Graduate School Part-Time. Journal of Education for Business, 359-368.

van der Voot, J., Glac, K., & Meijs, L. (2009). ''Managing'' Corporate Community Involvement. Journal of Business Ethics, 311-329.

A Review of Data Collection Methodologies
Words: 918 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57278179
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leadership styles in evidence at Proctor & Gamble and Colgate-Palmolive. The paper will begin with an examination of the different leadership theories. Of particular interest will be surveys that can identify leadership types. When looking at leader-member exchanges, the key for this paper will be to ask both leaders and followers questions to determine what leadership styles are in use at these two companies. The survey technique will be utilized.

There are four different methods of data collection, including questionnaires (surveys), interviews, observations and unobtrusive measures. The questionnaire method for this project has the advantage of being easy to gather and tabulate, and in that way it is relatively inexpensive to gather large amounts of data. This will be important given that the project requires information from many different managers in these two companies. Interviews are more in-depth, which allows for the gathering of richer, more detailed data. Observations can…

Assessing Methodologies
Words: 539 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46444179
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Corporate Finance

ACC = ((E/V) * Re) + [((D/V) * Rd)*(1-T)]

where E = Market value of the company's equity

D = Market value of the company's debt

V = Total Market Value of the company (E + D)

Re = Cost of Equity

Rd = Cost of Debt

T= Tax Rate

In this case, we have the following values for these parameters:

E/V = percentage of equity to finance the project = 60%

D/V = percentage of debt to finance the project = 40%

Re = Cost of Equity = required return by stockholders = 18.36%

Rd = Cost of Debt = required return by debt holders = 10.68%

T= Tax Rate = 36% = 0.36

As such,

ACC = ((0.6) * 0.1836) + [((0.4) * 0.1068)*(1-0.36)] = 0.027 = 2.7%

The firm's weighted average cost of capital is 2.7%.

b. The Net Present Value is calculate according to…

Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC). On the Internet at . Last retrieved on July 22, 2014

Net Present Value. On the Internet at . Last retrieved on July 22, 2014

On the Internet at ?  l "Proposition_II_2" ?

Sigma This Chapter Presents Research
Words: 2353 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 1043953
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Unlike primary data that are time-consuming, the secondary data is less time consuming, and a research could collect secondary data to answer the research questions as well as achieving research objectives. Boslaug (2007) argues that the economy is the major advantage of secondary data. Since data have already been collected by another researcher, a researcher does not need to devote his/her resources to collect the data. More importantly, the saving of time is another major advantage of secondary data. Since the data has already been collected and analyzed, the research only needs to collect the data for his or her research study. Boslaug (2007) further points out that secondary data are characterized with the informed expertise, which may not be available with primary data.

Despite the advantages that this research derives from secondary data, there are still disadvantages associated with secondary data. The secondary data may not be suitable to…


Borlaug, S. (2007). Secondary Data Sources for Public Health: A Practical Guide.

Cambridge University Press.UK.

Hox, J.J. & Boeije, H.R. (2010). Data Collection Primary vs. Secondary. Utrecht University. The Nethertland.

Morrell, K. (2010). Quantitative Data Basic Introduction. USA.

EMV in Iranian Banks EMV
Words: 3023 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 37609481
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This is largely due to time and logistical issues involved in conducting the face-to-face interviews. However, this still represents 50% of the entire sample population. Therefore, it is expected that the opinions expressed in the interviews will be a good representation of Iranian banks.

3.5 Data Collection

The primary aim of the study is to identify the challenges that Iranian banks face in the implementation of EMV. This research is divided into two portions. The first part will be the survey questionnaire. The second will be face-to-face interviews. Where possible, the researcher will visit the bank and administer the questionnaire in person. However, is some cases, this will not be possible, either because of the distances that need to be traveled or the schedule of the bank official. In these cases, the questionnaire will be emailed to the participant and they can return it at their convenience. As the sample…


Hall, C. 2009. New study pinpoints risk issues for Hispanic business owners. Houston Business Journal. Friday, May 8, 2009.

"List of Banks in Iran." 2010. Available at: [accessed August 29, 2010].

Sumner, M. 2000. Risk factors in enterprise-wide/ERP projects Journal of Information Technology 15, 317 -- 327

Boomtown Effect Impacted the Ranier
Words: 5482 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 19480819
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While there were students of color in the community, their race was rarely, if ever, a source of conflict. The unfortunate outcome, however is that in being "Color Blind," and believed that everyone is being treated the same. In reality, the outcome does not celebrate the uniqueness of those same ethnic groups. The bigger implication in my work will be the study of the blending of economic classes. Prior to the consolidation of the schools, ainier had numerous rural one to four room schoolhouses. Each school had its own distinct area of the county and each group was resistant to blending with the others. This was an area of generational poverty. Families were land rich and money poor.

In the early 1970's, when Portland General Electric began construction on the Trojan Nuclear Power Plant, there were the beginnings of a local population explosion. The first group to come to…


Bolman, L.G. & Deal, T.E. (2000). Escape from cluelessness: A guide for the organizationally challenged. New York: American Management Association.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. (2004). Surviving your thesis. New York: Routledge.

Dennis, C., & Harris, L. (2002). Marketing the e-business. London: Routledge.

Feagin, J.R., Orum, a.M. & Sjoberg, G. (1991). A case for the case study. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

International Emphasis on Education Including the Study
Words: 1693 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Methodology Chapter Paper #: 74332733
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international emphasis on education, including the study of languages and foreign cultures, is today still very limited and biased, creating a gap between the job skills and competencies acquired during studies and the international component increasingly present in every work environment, where the young graduate will have to travel or relate to foreign clients, suppliers and several stakeholders. De Wit, Jaramillo, and Knight (2005) report that the development of advanced communication, new technology, increased labor mobility, market economy and trade liberalization, increased private investment, decreased support of higher education, and the development of lifelong learning, are all key drivers for universities to have to internationalize their curricula. They also add that on the government side, the only attention given to this need is for educational programs preparing for government departments, and not for business and the industry at large. Therefore, it is evident that with an increasing global environment, the…


Glaser, B.G. And Strauss, A.L., (1967), The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, Chicago: Aldine

Pattameak, J. (2009) EMPLOYERS' EXPECTATIONS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TOURISM Vol. 5 No. 4 June 2009 Pp. 306-321.

Perron, R. (2011) The 8th SMEs in a Global Economy Conference 2011: " Rising to the Global Challenge: Entrepreneurship and SMEs development in Asia " Retrieved from: 

Glaser, B.G. (1978) Advances in The Methodology of Grounded Theory, Sociology Press, Mill Valley, CA.