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Microsoft Windows File Systems: Comparison and Contrast
The standard versions of Windows use three types of file systems: FAT, exFAT, and NTFS. Windows 8 server also uses eFS. The 8 server (Windows Server 2012) is the only version that uses that type of file system, as the other versions of Windows are not able to boot from that type of file system at all. In order to better understand these file systems, it is very important to compare and contrast what they have to offer. Since the eFS files are only used by Windows 8 server, they will be discussed first. Then the information can move on toward the more commonly used files within the Windows system.
eFS is a file type used only for Windows 8 server. It stands for esilient File System, and was designed to be for file servers only (ussinovich, Solomon, & Ionescu, 2009). It is…
Carrier, B. (2005). File System Forensic Analysis. NY: Addison-Wesley.
Custer, H. (1994). Inside the Windows NT File System. CA: Microsoft Press.
Giampaolo, D. (1999) (PDF). Practical File System Design with the Be File System. NY: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
McCoy, K. (1990). VMS File System Internals. VAX-VMS Series. NY: Digital Press.
The AD MMC even permits multi-selection and editing of user objects, which is a potential reclaimed from the NT user Manager days. Among the greatest changes in the MMC is the Saved Queries. Saved Queries permit the user to build XML-based queries into your AD users & Computers MMC and refresh them periodically to achieve the updated results. This gives the capability to really build custom views and reports on the directory objects based on certain norms which one can give. For instance, a search query can be made for all the users with a certain description, or all the computers that have a certain OS version or build number.
Together with the potential to pick up the search criteria from a pull-down menu of attributes to every object, as 'Saved Queries' basically builds an XML file to each query, it even permits us to edit or write down our…
IDC White Paper: Windows Server 2003. [online]. January, 2005. Available at http://download.microsoft.com/download/1/9/b/19b06fe3-3293-4cfe-8db3-80541918ec92/IDCReport.pdf. Accessed 18 June, 2005
Introducing the Windows Server 2003 Operating Systems. [online]. 24 July, 2002. Available at http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/evaluation/overview/family.mspxAccessed 8 June, 2005
Microsoft Certified Windows Server 2003: 10 Benefits. [online]. Available at http://www.evron.com/microsoft/Server2003_top10.asp . Accessed 18 June, 2005
Saharon, Yossi. Professor Windows-May 2003, Can You Fix the Past? Active Directory Can.
0 of the Windows.NET Development Framework.
From the standpoint of Microsoft Windows Vista being suitable as an enterprise desktop, the inclusion of highly differentiated security features and the reliance on the security development lifecycle will be quickly tested and evaluated by CIOs looking for the increased productivity that Windows Vista claims to provide in conjunction with Microsoft Office applications, for example. For those enterprises with a geographically diverse workforce, the inclusion of these new security features will be aligned with their unmet needs today. Microsoft has learned well from previous generations of their operating systems when it comes to enterprise deployment, by including modularization of components including multilingual support, inclusion of Windows Imaging, and Nondestructive Imaging, and the ability of system administrators to complete unattended installations. This has been a long-standing requirement from enterprise users.
Windows Vista's long development cycle is attributable to the decision by Microsoft executives to…
Document your plan in an Executive Summary.
As confidentiality is a critical issue in Human esource (H) records, the installation of these systems will require more intensive pre-definition of parameters of the Windows Vista Business edition as well. The same technique used in the accounting scenario of "ghosting" will also be used to ensure accuracy and consistency of the disk image of operating system and applications are defined and then mass produced across all other systems on the H network and departments. The specific Vista features of online collaboration and support for secured SharePoint connections will also be used as H often works outside their organization with outside agencies and departments. Having secured communication will be critical for staying in compliance to regulations on the use of employee records. There will also be support for role-based access throughout Windows Vista as well, coordinated with each department manager or director. These…
Hong, G., Dean, P., Yang, W., Tu, Y., & Xue, D.. (2010). Optimal concurrent product design and process planning based on the requirements of individual customers in one-of-a-kind production. International Journal of Production Research, 48(21), 6341.
Microsoft has provided legacy API support in the latest WinHEC-delivered kit of the Microsoft Windows Vista Developer's SDK to ensure upward and backward compatibility. Having a more streamlined kernel is also going to give the user interface greater speed and ability to respond to more complex imaging tasks. As a result, Microsoft is planning to have Tablet PC technology and touch-screen support on all versions of Windows 7 in addition to support for role-based access and authentication, a key feature enterprise accounts have wanted. The Windows 7 operating system will also support more advanced TCP/IP variations than Windows Vista, with a HomeGroup command that allows laptops to connect with shared data at corporate offices. It is evident that Microsoft intends for Windows 7 to be an enterprise-ready operating system for large businesses that have standardized on their operating system for the last decade or longer. Windows 7 will also support…
Yardena Arar (2008, December). Microsoft Sets the Stage for Windows 7. PC World, 26(12), 16-18. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry database. (Document ID: 1602259561).
Tom Spring (2008, December). Leaner Windows 7 Will Let You Add Features a la Carte. PC World, 26(12), 18. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry database. (Document ID: 1602259571).
Comparing Microsoft Windows 7 and Windows Vista
Microsoft and runs on Microsoft Windows and Apple's Mac O X operating system. The current versions are Microsoft PP 2011 for Mac and Microsoft PP 2010 for Windows. Originally designed for Macintosh and called "Presenter," Dennis Austin and Thomas Rudkin of Forethought, Inc. created the original version with the name changed to "PowerPoint" in 1987. Microsoft bought "Forethought" in that same year, and developed the program (Atkinson, 2009).
It was PP 1997 that introduced the significant changes in the program with its transition to a non-linear, movie-like style from one page to the next, using the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) language that allowed users to achieve this process without need for learning programming (Atkinson, 2009). PP 2000 introduced the clipboard that could hold multiple objects at once, as well as the Office Assistant icon whose presence was later configured to be less intrusive.
Microsoft Office manufactures a number of…
Atkinson, M. (19 August 2009). The problem with PowerPoint. BBC News. Retrieved on January 23, 2011 from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/8207849.stm .
Microsoft. Retrieved on January 23, 2011 from: http://www.microsoft.com/en/us/default.aspx
PowerPoint 2010. Retrieved on January 23, 2011 from: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/powerpoint/
Window Security Implementation
NextGard Technologies specializes in the network consulting services for small, medium and large organizations inside and outside the United States. Currently, NextGard has approximately 250,000 employees in 5 countries and the company corporate headquarter is located at Phoenix, AZ. However, the company decides to secure and upgrade its current network to enhance organization efficiencies. Currently, the company has 5 district offices at the following locations:
New York City, New York,
Los Angeles, California,
At the district offices, employees have a combination of mobile computers, desktops computers, and wireless devices. Moreover, the company has the mix of computers operating with the Window 7, Window Vista, Window XP and Window 2000. The company also has Window Active Directory located at the Phoenix office and the Phoenix office has two proxy servers to provide Internet access control and Web cache services for the…
Bruce, S.(2005). Crypto-Gram Newsletter. Counterpane Internet Security, Inc.
Mike, N. ( 2008). Windows 7 Unveiled Today at PDC 2008. Windows Team Blog. Microsoft.
Popa, B. (2013). Windows 8.1 Build 9600 Compiled, RTM Still on Its Way." Softpedia. SoftNews.
Scarfone, K. & Hoffman, P. (2009). Guidelines on Firewalls and Firewall Policy. National Institute of Standards and Technology .
Dominance of Microsoft Windows
The Problem and What Steps have been taken to Address the Situation
The basic problems with the computer are: that is slow to boot up and it takes longer to surf the Internet. Sometimes, there is a syntax 404 error box that will pop up when visiting the different websites. This is problematic, because it means that the computer is: becoming slower and is taking longer performing basic functions. The different steps that were taken include: removing programs that were not in use, conducting a scan of the anti-virus software and defragmenting the hard drive of the computer.
What Sites did you to when looking for Help?
The different websites that were visited during the process of trying to troubleshoot the problems with the computer include: PC Pit Stop, Tek -- Tips, Answers that Work and the Microsoft help center. These various sites were selected, because…
Answers that Work. (2011). Answers that Work. Retrieved from: http://www.answersthatwork.com/
Pit Stop PC. (2011). Pit Stop PC. Retrieved from: http://www.pcpitstop.com/
Select a Solution Product. (2011). Microsoft. Retrieved from: http://support.microsoft.com/select/?target=hub
Tek -- Tips. (2011). Tek -- Tips. Retrieved from: http://www.tek-tips.com/
Creating a State-of-the-Art Microsoft Windows-Based Software Application
Through Leadership and Teamwork
Developing new enterprise software applications that are built on the Microsoft Windows operating system requires an intensive level of commitment, communication, collaboration and shared task ownership across all team members today. Every member of the group today has a unique role to play in creating the best possible enterprise software application running on the Microsoft Windows platform. In order for this ambitious project of creating a state-of-the-art enterprise application to succeed however, the team needs to concentrate on making each of their unique strengths deliver value daily to the fulfillment of this ambitious objective. This plan defines how to create greater levels of team motivation, satisfaction and performance, while also addressing the differences in attitudes, emotions, personalities and values. All of these factors taken together are a strong catalyst for the accomplishment of challenging, complex goals leading…
Ammeter, A.P., & Dukerich, J.M. (2002). Leadership, team building, and team member characteristics in high performance project teams. Engineering Management Journal, 14(4), 3-10.
De Meuse, K.,P., & Liebowitz, S.J. (1981). An empirical analysis of team-building research. Group & Organization Studies, 6(3), 357-357.
Ramsey, R.D., EdD. (2010). Are You Missing out on the power of Purpose? SuperVision, 71(10), 19-21.
Swanson, J.W. (1997). Building a successful team through collaboration. Nursing Management, 28(5), 71-3.
This translates into the use of system cache as part of the memory allocation algorithms inherent in the VA memory space approach to managing memory in Vista. In addition, memory manager now relies on kernel page tables that are loaded at system initiation and allocated on demand. This saves a significant amount of system resources including a minimum of 1.5MB on Intel x86-based systems and up to 3MB on PAE-based systems. The resource savings are exponential when applied to 64-bit systems, where up to 2.5GB of memory can be saved through this approach to memory management. Microsoft also continued this approach to the definition of the boot sequence on systems with large registries, predominantly found on 32-bit based Intel systems. The options on this specific Memory Managers include turning on or off the option of using a 3GB switch, which is essential for larger systems used for multipath network configurations.…
Danny Bradbury. "Microsoft's new window on security. " Computers & Security
25.6 (2006) 405. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 9 May. 2008 www.proquest.com
Christopher Breen. "Which Windows? " Macworld 1 May 2007: 49. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 9 May. 2008. www.proquest.com
Reid Goldsborough. "Windows Vista: What to Do? " Tech Directions 66.8 (2007): 14-15. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 9 May. 2008 www.proquest.com.
Physical vs. Digital Products -- Physical products are those that can be touched, felt, have physical presence, must be produced, warehoused, packaged, shipped and purchased. However, physical products are most certainly not limited to brick and mortar stores. The Internet has opened up an entirely new world for commerce online -- in both physical and virtual worlds with e-Commerce. E-Commerce is the buying and selling of products and services over electronic means, usually the Internet. As Internet usage grows, so does trade conducted electronically, allowing for a number of improvements and innovations that follow suit. Most economists see e-commerce as a market segment that leads to intensive price competition and consumers armed with greater knowledge. In two particular industries, e-commerce has actually changed the way the market works on those industries, causing the brick and mortar versions to fade away. In fact, larger e-commerce firms like Amazon.com, use…
Microsoft's Seventh Seal. (October 23, 2009). The Economist. Cited from: http://www.economist.com/node/14732175
Physical Product vs. Digital Product -- Pros and Cons. (September 17, 2010). Online Business Watch. Retrieved from: http://www.onlinebusinesswatch.com/online-business-from-home/physical-product-vs.-digital-product-pros-cons.html
The Click and the Dead. (July 1, 2010). The Economist: Retrieved from:
ecover Easily from Problems Caused by System or Application Changes
If something goes wrong with your computer, you can easily remove and roll back any system or application changes without losing files and other valuable information.
Join a Network or Domain
Windows XP Professional is designed to work with Windows Server networks and includes capabilities for both small office networks with up to 10 PCs and Windows Server-based networks.
Work with the Tools you need, to get things done
Choose from the widest range of software, hardware, and services designed to work together seamlessly including support for many older applications designed for earlier versions of Windows.
Key features of Windows XP Professional and the benefits from using it over the existing operating system
This feature is the easy way to collaborate in real time through text, voice, or video with better performance and higher quality.
Information about Windows XP. (2003). Retrieved March 25, 2005, from St. Norbert College
Microsoft Windows XP Professional. (2005). Retrieved March 25, 2005, from Amazon.com, Inc. http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00005MOTH/104-9
Windows XP Professional Features. (2004). Retrieved March 25, 2005, from Microsoft Corporation http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/evaluation/features.mspx
indows ME vs. indows 2000 Professional
indows Millennium Edition (ME) and indows 2000 Professional are desktop operating systems (OS) that were released in the year 2000 by Microsoft Corporation, the unveiling of indows 200 Professional preceding that of indows ME by a few months. Both operating systems were improvements on the existing indows software at the time, i.e., the indows 2000 Professional was a follow-up on the indows NT 4.0 and the indows ME was the successor of indows 98 Second Edition (SE). They are still two of the most important operating systems for indows users, although targeted at different categories of users. hile the indows 200 Professional is generally meant for the corporate and business institutions, the features of indows ME suit the home and general computer users. In this paper we will discuss the main features of the two operating systems in order to compare the two. hile…
Mendelson, Edward. "Windows Me: It's All About Me." PC Magazine. September 1, 2000. November 23, 2002. http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,4149,10453,00.asp
Gottesman, Ben. The Best of 2000 - Software. Microsoft Windows 2000. PC Magazine. January 2, 2001. November 23, 2002. http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,4149,10451,00.asp
Ten Reasons to Move." November 18, 2002. Microsoft Windows Operating System. November 23, 2002. http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/professional/evaluation/whyupgrade/default.asp
Kennedy, Patrick, Steven Kirk and Ken Nordhauser. "Windows 2000 Professional vs. Windows Me." August 2000. Vectors Dell Highlight. November 23, 2002. http://www.dell.com/us/en/gen/topics/vectors_2000-w2kvsme.htm
icrosoft Office is the most popular comprehensive bundle of productivity applications in the world. It contains word publishing, spreadsheet, presentation, e-mail, and database software and is most often used with the icrosoft Windows operating system. It can also be used with the Apple acintosh. The icrosoft Office suite enjoys almost universal worldwide familiarity. The most recent version of S Office is Office XP, which is designed specifically to be compatible with the Windows XP environment.
Functionally, Sun StarOffice is very similar to icrosoft Office. The chief difference is that it is written using open source code and may be altered by programmers to match their specifications. It is the most popular system for Linux and Unix-based computers and utilizes an XTL-based interface. It is considered an 'alternative' to the Windows system because it is popular with developers, who often criticize icrosoft for the fact that the source code is unavailable…
Microsoft Powerpoint allows the user to design presentations that use graphics and visual effects. It is often used in with data that has been created in Excel. Microsoft Access is a database project that allows the user to enter and manage data and sort according to fields. Its chief limitation is that it is meant for one user to operate at a time. StarOffice Impress has essentially similar features, but uses the Macromedia Flash format to present its documents. Sun Microsystems pioneered Java Internet application technology and most computers have the capability of reading flash documents.
Datasheet: StarOffice 7 Data Sheet. http://wwws.sun.com/software/star/staroffice/ds/STAROFS7RETAIL_90903.pdf
Microsoft Office XP: Office Home. http://www.microsoft.com/office
Microsoft Anti-Trust Case
Microsoft was charged with using its position as an industry leader in computer software to force buyers to buy products that were bundled with Internet Explorer. The claim was considered a breach of anti-trust laws which declared that a company cannot package two products together based on one's popularity or market position with the consumer (U.S. v. Microsoft, 2002-2006). Microsoft has denied such claims that they took an unfair advantage of the market and consumer in order to strengthen an already dominant position in the industry (Hemphill, 2004). Especially in the case of the product coming from a company that has domination over the software industry such as Microsoft.
The Internet Explorer browser was not sold but given as a free product with the purchase of the Operating System by Microsoft. This is done by many companies throughout the industry. However when Microsoft applied this marketing principle,…
Brick, R. (2001). U.S. appeals court overturns Microsoft anti-trust ruling . Retrieved June
16, 2011 from http://www. nytimes. com/2001/06/28/business/28WIRE-SOFT. html
Goldman, D. (2010). iPhone anti-trust law goes to class action. Retrieved June 16, 2011
from http://money. cnn. com/2010/07/12/technology/apple_att_lawsuit/index. htm
It also offered a relatively faster booting experience than its predecessors. This OS was widely accepted and became the standard OS for workstations in the industry and the personal computers at home. For indows Vista, although it was earlier stated that it would be much more reliable and secure than any other previous versions of indows, it was not well received by the it professionals and the industry for the reason that it was not stable and cost much more than indows XP and has a higher minimum hardware requirements.
indows XP Hardware Considerations typical personal computer with a minimum processor of 233 MHz, 64 MB of RAM and a hard disk of at least 1.5 GB can run the basic applications included in the indows XP operating system. Users of old indows operating systems such as the indows 98 and indows Me don't have to upgrade their hardware to…
Poque, David., Zacker Craig., Zacker, L.J. Windows XP Pro: The Missing Manual. Sebastopol: Pogue Press/O'Reilly and Associates, Inc., 2003
Simpson, Alan. Windows XP Bible, Second Edition. Indianapolis: Wiley Publishing Inc., 2005
Welsh, Kate Shoup and Chase, Kate J. Microsoft Vista Visual Encyclopedia. New Jersey: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2007
The main advantage of a system without GUI is higher reliability, resulted by fewer working components, as each of them may crash the whole system. For example Windows platforms cannot work because of a corrupted display driver, which is impossible in Linux configuration without GUI. Another advantage of Linux is ability to create scenarios for a number of administrating tasks and running them in command mode. Because of the difficulties with describing mouse-clicks in command files, windows administrators often have to look for analogies in command mode in order to solve tasks, which are easily solved by standard GUI network tools.
Remote administration of Windows NT server is considered to be rather complicated. Even though that it was adjusted for remote administration by such components as rcmd.exe (Remote Command Service) in combination with regini and regedit applications, nevertheless remote administration remains to be quite different from local analogue. Linux and…
Microsoft's Critical Decisions
The most critical decisions the company has is in regard to its search and advertising business, specifically how to compete against Google's AdWords success and the OEM relationships that Google is increasingly creating across enterprise, medium and small businesses. As a result, the critical decisions Microsoft has are first in its pursuit of selling OEM accounts its search engine technology followed by the re-vamping and more focused strategies regarding online advertising. Secondly, the major decisions on product direction in terms of licensed vs. SaaS need to be more clearly determined and decisions of which products to keep on this SaaS, or as the company calls it, Dynamics, platform also need to be decided on. Third, the pricing models for enterprise products need a major re-vamping and re-writing to make Microsoft easier to do business with at an enterprise level. Fourth, strategies for countering the threat of open…
Bear Stearns (2007) - Bearn Stearns Equity Research. John DiFucci. November 22, 2006.
Bear Stearns Research. New York, NY.
Credit Suisse (2007) - Microsoft Corporation. Jason Maynard. April 26, 2007. Credit Suisse First Research. New York, NY.
PacificCrest (2007) - Microsoft Corporation Morning Research Note. May 29, 2007. PacifiCrest Research. Bernard Barnicle and Matthew Coss.
(an in-depth look at MI and Instrumentation)
After this is achieved, a 'ManagementPath is created, wherein it will be bound to the MI class or the '_ namespace class'. The third step is the creation of the 'ManagementClass' object that is achieved by using the scope as well as the path objects that have already been created, or by creating the ManagementClass object and then directly passing along the path specified as '//. / root: namespace.' The MI class allows the user to avail of an entire list of all class instances for that particular class by calling 'GetInstnaces ()'. hen this is a _namespace, then this will be the list of all child namespaces. After this step, the paths and the names of all the namespaces are added together to form the 'tree view'. Since the ManagementClass and ManagementObject classes utilize unmanaged COM objects, 'Dispose' will be used to…
An in-depth look at WMI and Instrumentation: part 11." Retrieved at http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/Code/2004/Sept/WMIPart2.asp . Accessed on 22 November, 2004
Introduction to Windows Scripting Technologies" Retrieved at http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/2000/server/scriptguide/en-us/sagsas_overview.mspxAccessed on 22 November, 2004
Microsoft Windows Management Instrumentation, advantages to Developers." (September 1998) Retrieved at http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/dnwmi/html/msdn_wmiadvantages.asp. Accessed on 22 November, 2004
Microsoft Windows 2000 Scripting Guide." (2004) Retrieved at http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/2000/server/scriptguide/en-us/sagsas_overview.mspxAccessed on 22 November, 2004
Microsoft Visio to Create an Organizational Chart
Defined Purpose and Audience
This project is a fundamental guide for using Microsoft Visio to create an organizational chart. It is designed for first-time users and people who have limited time, as it focuses most often commonly used features. This guide shows the users how to use Microsoft Visio without relying on technical jargon, by providing simple explanations and lists of numbered steps that tell the user which keys to press and which options to select.
Many related publications can be accessed to learn more about creating an organizational chart using Visio. These include:
Microsoft's official page for their Visio software.
Visimation, a company that helps other companies use Visio. http://www.vnunet.com/Products/1112160" Vnunet.com's consumer review of Visio 2000.
2000 allsoftware.com's consumer review of Visio 2000 Enterprise Edition. http://www.design-drawing.com/visio/visio2k.htm" Design-drawing.com's consumer review of Visio 2000 Technical Edition.
Visio 2000: The Official Guide
Menus -- Located at the top of the screen above the toolbars or by right clicking.
Toolbars -- Found at the top of the screen and contain tool buttons for quick execution of actions.
Status bar -- Located at the bottom of the screen. Theseprovide useful information for creating a drawing
Accelerator keys -- These are not seen on the screen, but provide an efficient way of executing actions.
Microsoft Bong and Google Using TheFour Ps of Marketing
Comparing Microsoft Bing and Google Using the Marketing Mix
Google's dominance of the search market globally continues despite the aggressive launch in 2009 of Bing, a new search engine, by Microsoft. To date, Google is still the most preferred search engine globally, with a commanding market share lead (Grensing-Pophal, 2012). Both of these search engines are financed through advertising revenues, with Google's AdWords being the most profitable online advertising platform globally today as well. Microsoft's Bing advertising strategies have gravitated towards paid search and more traditional forms of online business models (Grensing-Pophal, 2012). These have been somewhat successful in raising the profitability of the Online Division of Microsoft, known as one of the least profitable in the entire company (Vance, 2012). Google on the other hand continues to be one of the most consistently profitable businesses in the high technology sector,…
Cho, K. (2009). Powering the Google Engine: Innovation is key. Fountainebleau, France, Fountainebleau:
Goi, C.L. (2009). A review of marketing mix: 4Ps or more? International Journal of Marketing Studies, 1(1), 2-15.
Grensing-Pophal, L. (2012). The impact of apps on search. EContent, 35(4), 6-7,10
Iyer, B., & Davenport, T.H. (2008, Reverse engineering Googles' innovation machine. Harvard Business Review, 86, 58-68.
Microsoft's strategies relating to leadership. First, an overview of the company will be provided, followed by a discussion of the company's leadership strategies. These strategies will be assessed as to their effectiveness, and compared to leading theories of effective management.
An Overview of Microsoft
Today, Microsoft is one of the world's largest businesses, and the world's largest and most influential software company (Wired News). The company's products have an extensive impact on both the personal and business world, and are seen in almost every office in North America.
Financially, Microsoft is a giant. Its founder, Bill Gates, was the richest man in the world in 2003, with a staggering estimated personal wealth of $40.7 billion dollars. He has been rated the richest man in the world for seven of the past eight years, and was ranked number two in 1997 (Wikipedia).
Microsoft's product range is varied, but focuses almost exclusively…
Apple vs. Microsoft
Apple Incorporation is a California-based multinational company established by Steve ozniak and Steve Jobs on April1, 1976. By the time the company shifted focus from computers to IT, its business coverage had expanded to include computers (laptops and desktop personal computers (PCs), iPod, iPhone, servers), mobile hardware, and software (Mac operating systemX, iork and iLife suites), in addition to web-based services (MobileMe). Apple, for around 35 years, rose to its peak, then deteriorated dismally, and finally scaled back up the ladder to grab hold of the status of leading Technology Corporation of the world. Apple's most influential persona has been Steve Jobs, its former CEO and co-founder (GRIFFITH 119).
Microsoft Corp. is another multinational company, founded in 1975 by Paul Allen and Bill Gates, and ruling the computer technology world; the ashington-based company develops an array of software, online services, gaming hardware, etc. However, the core business…
Bajarin, Tim. "The Real Difference between Microsoft and Apple." PC Magazine (2014): 44-46. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Griffith, Eric. "Take A Bigger Bite Out Of Apple Music." PC Magazine (2015): 119-123. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
HACHMAN, MARK. "For Microsoft, The Only Way Out Of Its Big Windows Phone Mess Is To Follow Apple." PC World 33.8 (2015): 14-19. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Pullen, John Patrick. "Microsoft Band Vs. Apple Watch Vs. Jawbone Up Vs. Fitbit Surge." Time.Com (2014): N.PAG. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Analyzing Microsoft's Current and Future Strategic Vision
Like many successful technology companies, Microsoft over time had become complacent and too willing to believe their own technologies could continually fuel new organic revenue growth. Analysts have often pointed out that Microsoft's transition from a provider of personal productivity applications to delivering enterprise-class solutions to many of the Fortune 500 failed initially to create a scalable, stable platform for continual growth (Cusumano, 16). Today Microsoft has a new CEO who often speaks of the company's mobile first, cloud first strategy. CEO Satya Nadella's agenda mirrors the foundational elements of the five forces that shape industry competition as conceptualized by Michael Porter's models and analysis (Porter, et.al.). Microsoft needed to completely revamp their enterprise strategy, rethink their mission and vision statements, and also sharpen their unique value proposition to concentrate more fully on the emergent group of enterprise customers they had…
Anderson, Jamie, and Robin Wood. "Seven Management Lessons from Microsoft." Business Strategy Review 13.3 (2002): 28-33.
Baker, Sunny. "What Every Business Should Learn From Microsoft." The Journal of business strategy 19.5 (1998): 36-41.
Choi, Chong Ju, et al. "Increasing Returns and Marketing Strategy in the Twenty-First Century: Nokia vs. Microsoft vs. Linux." The Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing 22.5 (2007): 295-301.
Cusumano, Michael A. "What Road Ahead for Microsoft the Company?" Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 50.2 (2007): 15-8.
Windows XP was introduced as a major upgrade to Windows 98 and Widows Millennium. After Microsoft released MS-DOS in the 1980's it developed its revolutionary operating system -- Windows. Newer versions of this operating system were developed over the years, including the release of Windows NT (New Technology) which was aimed at business users and computer servers. After various incarnations of the Windows OS, including Windows 95, 98 and the much criticized Windows Millennium, the XP system was released October 25, 2001
Technically Windows XP has much in common with the characteristics and architecture of Windows 2000. In essence XP was developed to'bridge the two architectures (NT and Windows 9x -- or DOS) into one common operating system." Windows 2000 was based on Windows NT technology; while Millennium (ME) was developed from Windows 9x technology. The NT operating system was much more reliable than the other previous versions of Windows…
DOMINICQUICK2004. June 8, 2005. http://www.dooyoo.co.uk/operating-systems/microsoft-windows-xp-professional-edition/435755/
Lanyon P. Microsoft Windows XP. 2001. Accessed June 11, 2005. http://www.onepc.net/index.php?view=docs& doc_id=97
Lewis B.K. NTFS vs. FAT 32 2. 2002. Accessed June 11, 2005. http://www.spcug.org/reviews/bl0203.htm
The Old and the Improved. June 10, 2005. http://www.onepc.net/index.php?view=docs& doc_id=97& page=3
Microsoft holds a competitive advantage in the computer software industry with both its innovative and functional products. For the past decade Microsoft and its office suite products have held a substantial 94% market share. In addition to being the most prevalent software product offering in the market, more than 500 million individuals worldwide use the product (1). In an effort to maintain this market share, Microsoft continually and consistently upgrades its product offerings to meet growing consumer demand. Most notably, this has come in the form of Windows XP, Windows 2003, and Linux. With these new iterations come very distinct similarities and differences between the individual products.
To begin, the most obvious difference between this operating software is the user interface. With user interface enhancements Microsoft XP intends to streamline the consumer experience. This has been accomplished primarily through the use of shortcut keys within all three iterations. With the…
1) "Daily Test." Microsoft Market Share. Web. 06 June 1987. .
2) "Linux vs. Windows (a Comparison)." Michael Horowitz - Personal Web Site. Web. 12 June 2011. .
3) "Comparison of Windows and Linux." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 June 2011. .
Windows XP is the latest and most obust of the family of all windows opeating systems that ae popula with PC uses woldwide. Windows XP comes in two editions namely the home edition and the pofessional edition to cate to the vaying needs of the espective class of uses. One of the main poblems with the pevious vesions (9x) of windows opeating systems was that they wee pone to fequent system cashes. Micosoft, the develope and makete of the Windows opeating systems, addessed this poblem by designing Windows NT based on a new technology that inceased the stability and minimized system beakdown. Howeve, this stability was compomised by the lack of compatibility, as NT was selective about the hadwae. Micosoft late developed and eleased windows XP as an opeating system fo both the desktop as well as the seve systems. XP has the compatibility of the ealie Windows 9X vesions…
reference: Windows XP Professional," McGraw Hill Publishers, 2003.
Microsoft Corporation, "Memory Management Enhancements," Accessed on March 26th 2004, http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/appendix/hh/appendix/enhancements5_3oc3.asp
Andrew Binstock, "Performance Enhancements in Windows® XP," Accessed on March 27th 2004, http://windowsxp.devx.com/articles/perfen/default.asp
6) "Andrew S. Tanenbaum, "Modern Operating Systems," Prentice Hall, 1992
Microsoft in India and China
Microsoft: Strategy in India and China
Microsoft's Strategy in China
Although the Chinese Trademark Law is now largely in conformity with the TRIPs Agreement, the benefits of protection may not be realized for some time. At ground level there is a general culture of acceptance of counterfeit goods, partly because it makes previously unobtainable foreign goods affordable and partly because there is a lack of interest in enforcing IP rights that are largely owned by foreign companies. In this environment, counterfeiting will always seem attractive as it allows those involved to access an already existing market with low entry costs. In the meantime, however, foreign entities could take an active role in furthering the protection of their rights.
Licensing of IP rights to Chinese nationals and establishing joint ventures would be advantageous. The foreign party would have the benefit of local assistance in navigating legal…
Butterton, G., 'Pirates, dragons and U.S. intellectual property rights in China: problems and prospects of Chinese enforcement' (2008) 38 Arizona Law Review 1100.
Leung, M. 1999. 'Counterfeit Beanie Babies: customs to the rescue', The China Business Review, p. 18.
USTR, 2006. Executive Office of the President, USTR Announces Results of Special 301 Annual Review, Official Press Release.
Xinbin. Yang 2008. "Laser Disc Industry:"Opening Up Golden Road. Jingji ribao (Economic Daily) (April 2): 1. In FBIS-CHI, as "China: Article on Laser Disc Industry."
This occurs when a server happens to receive more connection requests that are incomplete and that it cannot possibly handle. This kind of attack's source code were released in 2006 by 2600 and Phracks two well-known underground hacker magazines. The second threat is IP Spoofing which is an attack which involves the impersonation of a legitimate host user at the IP layer. The third one is sequence number attack. The third one is TCP session hijacking. The third threat is denial of service attacks Security strategies to address various threats that are addressed by IPSec that users who use unsecured TCP/IP face
In order to ensure that users of unsecured TCP/IP don't fall victims to the threats outlined above, the following strategies must be employed;
Countering SYN Flooding:
The ISPs that are responsible for the IP packets must block the non-internal addresses that are responsible for the flooding. The attacker…
CEEnet (2000)Applications of IPSec
Ferguson, B Poulton, D and Barrett, D (2004). MCSA/MCSE 70-299 Exam Cram 2:
Implementing and Administering Security in a Windows 2003 Network
Further diversification is also recommended. Given the pace of change in the industry, the reliance on PC operating platforms and office software packages must be reduced. The risk of an entirely new technological paradigm emerging is high, so Microsoft must therefore diversify its revenue streams in order to defend against this threat. Overall, Microsoft's strategic thrust is strong and its operating results fantastic. The company must guard against major non-strategic threats such as technological change or acute damage from financial scandal. If Microsoft deals with these two issues effectively, the will remain in good position to continue to build their revenues in the coming years.
Financial and operating unit information from Reuters. Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/companyProfile?symbol=MSFT.O
No author. (2004) Microsoft Corporation. Funding Universe Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Microsoft-Corporation-Company-History.html
Microsoft 2008 Annual Report. (2008). Microsoft. Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.microsoft.com/msft/reports/ar08/index.html
No author. (2006). Microsoft's Multiple…
Financial and operating unit information from Reuters. Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/companyProfile?symbol=MSFT.O
No author. (2004) Microsoft Corporation. Funding Universe Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Microsoft-Corporation-Company-History.html
Microsoft 2008 Annual Report. (2008). Microsoft. Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.microsoft.com/msft/reports/ar08/index.html
No author. (2006). Microsoft's Multiple Challenges: Is Its Size a Benefit or a Burden? Wharton School of Business. Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1478
Microsoft is a company that was found to be in violation of antitrust laws by both the U.S. Justice Department and the European Commissions. The reason behind such a finding, is that Microsoft acted in a manner that was found to be overly aggressive in regards to its operating systems and software. As the Weil and McMillan article wrote that it was "alleged that Microsoft harmed Netscape's browser business through anticompetitive practices related to the Windows operating system" (Weil, McMillan, 2003) while the United States vs. Microsoft article went even further by stating "critics contend that Microsoft used monopolistic business practices and anti-competitive strategies including refusal to deal and lying, put unreasonable restrictions in the use of its software and used misrepresentative marketing tactics" (United States, 2002, 2006).
It is this author's belief that it does not matter if a company is 'capitalistic' or not, most companies would not have…
Aguilar, J.; Prato, F.; Bravo, C.; Rivas, F.; (2009) A multi-agent system for the management of abnormal situations in an artificially gas-lifted well, Applied Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 23, Issue 5, pp. 406 -- 426
United States v. Microsoft, (2002, 2006) Retrieved from http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/cases/ms_index.html
Weil, N., & McMillan, R. (2003, May 29). AOL, Microsoft settle Netscape suit. PCWorld. Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/news/article/0,aid,110930,00.asp
Cross-functional teams hold the key in smooth integration of the different aspects of development. There is an urgent need to achieve better coordination between the different development groups involved in a particular project. Therefore, more focus will be placed on reengineering and reducing disjointed functioning within the project group. Microsoft's marketing approach has so far relied on an extensive pre-launch campaign. Over the years there have been several instances where the company has failed to deliver it products as agreed upon in their marketing manifestos. The WinFS technology, for example, was left off the Windows Vista (previously codenamed Longhorn) project completely, while it was the core of the longhorn project when it was initially planned. WinFS represented "the next-generation storage platform for Windows (that) manages data for organizing, searching and sharing." [Martin Lamonica, 2003] Without, this important component, the release of the windows Vista operating system would definitely lack the…
1) Greene, Jay. (2004 September 13). "When Microsoft Can't Do Windows."
Business Week. 3899. P.44. Available Online at, http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/04_37/b3899051_mz011.htm
2) Martin Lamonica, "Microsoft Unpacks Details of Longhorn Storage," Accessed
5th Nov 2005, Available online at, http://news.com.com/2100-1016_3-5090584.html
icrosoft Case Summary
Vaporware is the term we use for a product that is pre-announced even though it is nowhere near completion. icrosoft is one good example of how firms pre-announce products to stifle competition and to stay in the news. In 1991, when most of us had no idea that icrosoft was planning to launch an advanced version of its old operating system Windows 3.1, the company came out with an announcement that took most rivals and users by surprise. icrosoft announced that it was working on a new operating system called Chicago whose beta version would be launched somewhere in 1992 while the final version would appear in December 1993. 1992 came and went without any news of Chicago coming into the market and this was a major setback for users who had been eagerly awaiting the release of this new operating system. It was only later that…
Microsoft Case Summary
Vaporware is the term we use for a product that is pre-announced even though it is nowhere near completion. Microsoft is one good example of how firms pre-announce products to stifle competition and to stay in the news. In 1991, when most of us had no idea that Microsoft was planning to launch an advanced version of its old operating system Windows 3.1, the company came out with an announcement that took most rivals and users by surprise. Microsoft announced that it was working on a new operating system called Chicago whose beta version would be launched somewhere in 1992 while the final version would appear in December 1993. 1992 came and went without any news of Chicago coming into the market and this was a major setback for users who had been eagerly awaiting the release of this new operating system. It was only later that people learned that even the specs of the product, which had to be completed by Oct 1991, had yet to be given final touches by the end of 1992. Since the specs took so long to be finalized, Microsoft rescheduled the release date and this time, announced that shipping of the product would begin by the end of 1994. However to cut a long story short, no beta or final version of Chicago appeared in 1994 and by this time, users had almost given up hope of ever seeing the product and thus Chicago became a vaporware. The year 1995 finally saw the release of Chicago but it had been renamed as Windows 1995. Many believe that Microsoft deliberately pre-announced the product so it could crush its competitors' hopes of making use of Microsoft's absence from the market. MS knew that IBM was working on its new operating system, which could significantly reduce the sales of Chicago if it were released after OS 2.2 and for this reason it kept pre-announcing the product. Some are of the view that what Microsoft did was similar to what IBM used to do in its heydays. When IBM was at its peak, it would adopt this strategy of pre-announcing since it enjoyed a favorable position in the market and knew customers would wait for its product instead of jumping at a new rival product. Microsoft followed the same strategy because now it enjoys an enviable position in the market and can easily dictate the rules.
The questions focused on whether or not the company had migrated from Windows XP Professional to Windows 7 Pro, and if they had not, what their timeframes were for making the transition. Factors that led to the company transitioning from Windows XP Pro to Windows 7 Pro were captured as part of the research instrument, which was a survey. An initial sample of 500 small businesses was contacted and 487 met the criterion to be included in the sample. Manufacturing, computers, financial, education and transportation industries were the most represented in the sample of small businesses. 73% of respondents mentioned that they were only somewhat satisfied with Windows XP Pro. Cost, while not a primary consideration, was a factor in all decisions to migrate to Windows 7 Pro from Windows XP Pro. The Internet was used 67% of the time for information and technical magazines, 22%. The conclusion is that…
Although one cannot make a good case for asserting that any one component in and of itself constitutes a monopolistic practice (see, for example how the operating system's prices have remained low in the following graphs), as part of a greater plan to dominate the market, there certainly is a solid case. Although the penalty for Microsoft as a monopoly is hardly extreme, it will certainly serve as a model to both avoid, and watch out for in the future.
Table retrieved at http://www.gsm.uci.edu/~mckenzie/mantra.pdf
Bill Gates, the Economist, 6/13/98
Ralph Nader and James Love, Computerorld, 11/9/98
Economics Resource Center. "Policy Debate. Is Microsoft a Monopoly? http://www.swlearning.com/economics/policy_debates/microsoft.html
Economics Resource Center. "Policy Debate. Is Microsoft a Monopoly? http://www.swlearning.com/economics/policy_debates/microsoft.html
McKenzie, Richard. "Microsoft: The Monopoly Mantra." http://www.gsm.uci.edu/~mckenzie/mantra.pdf
http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/mi/microsoft.html#the%20monopoly%20question zdnet. "Microsoft to Reveal indows Code. http://news.zdnet.com/2100-3513_22-948381.html
Branyencyclopedia.com. "Microsoft Anti-trust Case." 2004. eb site. Retrieved on September 30, 2004 http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/mi/microsoft_antitrust_case.html…
Branyencyclopedia.com. "Microsoft Anti-trust Case." 2004. Web site. Retrieved on September 30, 2004 http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/mi/microsoft_antitrust_case.html
Branyencyclopedia.com. "The Monopoly Question." 2004. Retrieved on September 30, 2004 http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/mi/microsoft.html#the%20monopoly%20question
Economics Resource Center. "Policy Debate. Is Microsoft a Monopoly?" Web page. Retrieved on September 30, 2004 http://www.swlearning.com/economics/policy_debates/microsoft.html
Liebowitz, Stan. "Microsoft Monopoly and Consumer Harm. 2001. Retrieved on September 30, 2004 http://www.utdallas.edu/~liebowit/book/msmonopoly.html
Calculating the Window of Vulnerability for SMB
The report identifies the security breach within a small Microsoft workgroup LAN (Local Area Network). Within the group membership, the primary work group contains list of users within the Active Directory infrastructure which exists on the SMB server and confines on the LAN structure. The security breach is in violation of the integrity, confidentiality, availability of the security principles. (Zegzhda, Zegzhda, Kalinin, 2005). The security hole was caused by the accessibility of an unauthorized user and was detected by the server manufacturer the previous day. Meanwhile, it would take approximately 3 days before the security patch is made available. Additionally, LAN administrator will need at least minimum of one week to download, test and install the patch.
Calculating the Window of Vulnerability for SMB
The following timeline is used to calculate the Window of Vulnerability (WoV) of SMB security breach. To do…
Arbaugh, W.A. Fithen, W.L. & McHugh, J. (2000).Windows of Vulnerability: A Case Study Analysis. Computer IEEE.
Zegzhda, P.D. Zegzhda D.P. Kalinin, M.O. (2005). Detection vulnerabilities within the configurations of MS windows operating system. Computer network security. 3685: 339-351.
Comparing Microsoft Access, SQL, IBM DB2 and Oracle databases is presented in this analysis, taking into account the key features of ACID Compliance, Data partitioning, interface options, referential integrity, operating systems supported, and support for transactions and Unicode. Each of these factors is initially defined followed by a table comparing them across the database types.
Definition of Comparison Factors
At their most fundamental level, all databases have support for relational data models and the ability to index data through the use of a wide variety of taxonomies or organizational structures (Basumallick, Wong, 1996). elational Database Management Systems (DBMS) however all have the ability to manage transactions with the greatest efficiency given the design of these systems to support multiple transactions at once, running concurrently from each other. The characteristic of an operating system being able to manage thousands of concurrent transactions at the same time is often referred…
Basumallick, Swagato, & Wong, Johnny SK. (1996). Design and implementation of a distributed database system. The Journal of Systems and Software, 34(1), 21.
Tony Politano. (2008). Structured and Unstructured: The What, Why and How of Convergence. DM Review, 18(6), 20.
Stonebraker, M.. (2010). In Search of Database Consistency. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(10), 8.
he only observation that could be made here is that one would expect a larger proportion of the total expenses to be allocated to research and development, given the fact that this is such an important part of Microsoft's activity and essential in order to obtain a competitive advantage on the market.
Asset and Capital Structure
Cash and cash equivalents
otal fixed assets
he asset structure at Microsoft reflects some of the particularities in the industry, notably the fact that the inventory levels tend to be quite low, as compared to the other assets. his means that the I industry is not one supporting production on stock. At the same time, the value of the total fixed assets is significantly high, which can be partly explained by the size of the company and the investments in land, buildings and equipment.
The return on assets at Microsoft was 0.24 in 2008, as compared to 0.22 in 2007. As most of the other profitability and asset management figures, the return on assets also shows a better performance in 2008.
Part IV -- Conclusions and Recommendations
Microsoft's results, both in terms of absolute value from the income and cash flow statements and balance sheet and the ratio analysis, show a solid, extremely competitive company, whose results have improved from 2007 to 2008, despite the global economic crisis. Its capacity to retain low levels of inventory, to gradually increase its efficiency in using assets and to bring new products to the market are some of the positive aspects at Microsoft. As a recommendation, the company could consider allocating a larger proportion of its expenses into research and development.
The Partnership between Microsoft and Apple after Microsoft had faced tough anti-trust scrutiny is an example of monopolistic competition. Microsoft and Apple produce products that are not perfect substitutes of each other. In fact, the products are perceived to be different to all other brands products. Microsoft's products include Microsoft Office and the IE products. Apple on the other hand had MAC operating system (Kawamoto, Heskett & icciuti, 1997). Microsoft had to preserve competiveness in the industry to comply with antitrust laws and to ensure that there was no unfair competition in this industry as to limit consumers from making informed choices on what kind of products they should go for and at what prices. Microsoft wanted to develop and ship future versions of its MS Office, internet explorer, and development tools to Macintosh. In the event that Apple did not survive Microsoft would not have kept antitrust charges…
Kawamoto, D., Heskett, B. & Ricciuti, M. (August 6, 1997). Microsoft to invest $150 million in Apple. CNETNews.
Slide Share Inc. (2013). Market Structure. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/Leephen/market-structure-n3
"We have the right to question this situation," Zrihen said in the statement. "The presidency of the EU, which is a central element of the European legislative process, and is supposed to obey the democratic principles, accepts to be sponsored by a private company whose economic interests are directly put into cause by a legislative proposition on the agenda of the Council...Furthermore, knowing that the 'compromise' proposal emanating from the Irish presidency rejects all of the European parliament's first lecture amendments, which corresponds to the demands of Microsoft, there is a feeling of great worry"(Preimesberger, May, 14, 2004).
To conclude with, no one can deny Microsoft's positive impact on Germany, but this mustn't be used as a screen for its reprobatory actions that should be made public by the mass-media according to their gravity.
Ketmann, Steve. "Germany Denies Microsoft an." Wired News. 19 March 2001.
Ketmann, Steve. "MS Denies…
Ketmann, Steve. "Germany Denies Microsoft Ban." Wired News. 19 March 2001.
Ketmann, Steve. "MS Denies Windows 'Spy Key'." Wired News. 3 September 1999.
Peregrano, Rob. "Microsoft Windows: Insecure by Design." Washington Post. 24 September 2003.
Preimesberger, Chris. "Anti-Microsoft protest planned for EP session May 17." News Forge. 14 May 2004.
Microsoft purchased Skype for $8.5 billion (Primack, 2010). This marked the third time in five years that Skype had been sold, first to eBay and then to a private investment group. The company filed for an IPO, but that never came to pass as Microsoft entered the bidding and took over. There have been significant questions from industry observers about the value of Skype to Microsoft, and whether Microsoft overpaid for Skype. Analysts have attempted to determine what Microsoft's plans for Skype are, and whether those plans justify the seemingly high valuation (Bright, 2011). Since the purchase, there have been a number of changes at Skype that have seen Microsoft seek to capture value from the company. One recent change, for example, is the pending launch of conversation ads (McCue, 2012). To better understand this acquisition, the business of Skype and the needs of Microsoft must both be taken into…
Bright, P. (2011). Microsoft buys Skype for $8.5 billion. Why, exactly? Wired Magazine. Retrieved June 15, 2012 from http://www.wired.com/business/2011/05/microsoft-buys-skype-2/
Bright, P. (2011). Why Skype? Microsoft confirms $8.5 billion purchase, clarifies nothing. Ars Technica. Retrieved June 15, 2012 from http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2011/05/microsoft-confirms-85-bn-skype-purchase-clarifies-nothing/
McCue, T. (2012). Skype for Windows and Microsoft launch conversation ads. Forbes. Retrieved June 15, 2012 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/tjmccue/2012/06/13/skype-for-windows-and-microsoft-launch-conversation-ads/
Primack, D. (2010). Yes, Microsoft is buying Skype. CNN Money. Retrieved June 15, 2012 from http://finance.fortune.cnn.com/2011/05/10/yes-microsoft-is-buying-skype/
Additionally, he argued that the best interest of the consumers, as promoted by Gate's organization, was in fact not the core element of new endeavors, as the company had argued, but that whenever a new product or service was being projected, this would be done in order to serve the financial interests of the organization rather than increase customer utility (Kegel, 2006).
In order to better understand why the above mentioned actions were ethical or unethical, it is best to assess them in light of three ethical perspectives. From the standpoint of the utilitarian perspective, the company is able to seek out those actions which maximize its gains, but in doing this, it must remain aware of the needs of others. More specifically, they can work towards their goals as long as these do not impede with the goals of others (Leiss, 1988). From this standpoint, the behavior of Microsoft…
Cooper, C., 1999, Microsoft Antitrust Judgment: Winners and Losers, ZD Net, http://news.zdnet.co.uk/software/0,1000000121,2074984,00.htm last accessed on August 14, 2009
Dale, N.B., Lewis, J., 2004, Computer Science Illuminated, 2nd Edition, Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Hunter, D., 2005, More Microsoft Employees to Get Antitrust Training, HunterStrat, http://www.hunterstrat.com/news/more-microsoft-employees-to-get-antitrust-training / last accessed on August 14, 2009
Kegel, D., 2006, Corporate Ethics, Dan Kegel's Web Hostel, http://www.kegel.com/corporate_ethics.html last accessed on August 14, 2009
return of Microsoft as a software and operating system provider
This paper looks at certain questions as provided in the article "The Beast is Back," which concerns the return of Microsoft as a software and operating system provider.
"The Beast is Back" a.
Why is the demise of the high-flying dot-coms viewed as a good thing for Microsoft?
With the boom of many of the dot.com businesses Microsoft suffered a massive hit in shares, also many of those that worked within the corporation moved to the new companies in search of more money and quick gains. However, as the bottom dropped out of the dot.com market Microsoft saw this as a way back to a secure future that is at the forefront of the new Internet era.
Explain both the old and the new company vision statements.
Microsoft wanted to have computers with their software in every home, something…
What is the WindowsXP and how is it different from OfficeXP?
Windows XP is an operating system and is the latest in the line of system to come Microsoft, it follows on the heels on the old systems of Windows 95,98, 2000 and Me, the XP stands for experience, and is designed to give the user a new experience in the design and concept of a remarkable new software and operating system. Moreover, Office XP is a software product designed to be used mainly with Windows XP however it can be used with other windows operating systems such as Windows Me. Office XP contains many new features such as smart tags and task panes that allow for an increase in productivity
Of the two development platforms, Microsoft's approach to enabling greater programming efficiency is seen in the standardization and validation of quality at the tools level (Miller, 2003). This approach taken by Microsoft to ensure consistency of development tools vs. The widely varying levels of quality for J2EE rapid development platforms is apparent in the scalability and performance of the completed applications. Microsoft's focus on the quality of the programming development tools has given them an advantage in terms of programming efficiency (deJong, 2005).
A strength of the J2EE development platforms is the pervasiveness of the application tools. The strength of the Microsoft .NET platform is the ability to create a consistent user experience throughout all applications (deJong, 2005). While J2EE has many variations in terms of development tools, Microsoft has by far more consistency to the usability goals and navigational areas of an application and Web Services' development.…
Jennifer deJong. (2005, April). J2EE and .NET: So Alike, But Still Very Different. Software Development Times,(124), 29-30.
Bronwyn Huitfeldt, & Michael Middleton. (2001). The assessment of software quality from the user perspective: Evaluation of a GIS implementation. Journal of End User Computing, 13(1), 3-11.
Gerry Miller. (2003). The Web services debate - .NET vs. J2EE. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 46(6), 64-67.
Systems Consideration in HIS
One of the best database systems for SMEs (small and medium sized enterprises) and individuals who want to gather, manage, and disseminate information in a professional manner, is the Microsoft Access. And just as many other applications and software programs in the market, this database program tool has its own advantages and disadvantages. The Microsoft Access is known by many for being one of the top database programs for data managers globally, who would want to report their project data using advanced features and relational databases. Since this program doesn't require the operator to have any complicated or difficult-to-learn computer programming skills, even regular individuals can use it to come up with powerful and highly advanced databases. The advantages of using Microsoft Access database system are:
It is not difficult to install and operate. Microsoft Access database program can, in just a few minutes,…
Learnit. (2013, November 18). Know The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Microsoft Access. Retrieved October 21, 2015, from http://learnitanytime.com/4031/know-the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-microsoft-access-2/
EdgeWave (n.d).The Top Six Risks of Employee Internet Use and How to Stop Them: An Essential Guide for HR and Compliance Managers. Retrieved 25 October 2015 from http://www.edgewave.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/EdgeWave_Top6.pdfLin , J., & Dyer, C. (2010).Data-intensive text processing with Map Reduce. San Rafael: Morgan & Claypool.
Sylos, M. (2013, September 18). Top five advantages of software as a service (SaaS) - Thoughts on Cloud. Retrieved October 21, 2015, from http://www.thoughtsoncloud.com/2013/09/top-five-advantages-of-software-as-a-service-saas/
Bartz, R. J. (2015). Mobile computing deployment and management: Real world skills for CompTIA Mobility+ certification and beyond.
Microsoft Project Review
Microsoft began development of its project software at the turn of the century (around the year 2000). The original software package ran from MS Dos and had incredibly limited functionality. However, since its introduction, Microsoft Project has come a long way from its original state. Today's versions of MS Project, such as Project 2010, Project 2013, and now even cloud-based Project versions has a rich list of features that are intuitive to most users because are already familiar with the interface. The interface and general GUI feel has the same features and layouts that can be found in the popular MS Office suite.
One of the most interesting features in the newer versions of Project is that users can upload and make changes via a cloud-based project server. This allows users to make changes to items in the scope, schedule, budget, activity durations or any…
Hilti AG. (2013, March 11). Construction Manufacturer Employs Cloud Service to Streamline Project Management. Retrieved from Case Studies: http://www.microsoft.com/casestudies/Microsoft-Project-Online/Hilti-AG/Construction-Manufacturer-Employs-Cloud-Service-to-Streamline-Project-Management/71
Microsoft. (N.d.). Project top features. Retrieved from Project: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/project/project-management-and-ppm-showcase-microsoft-project-FX103802304.aspx
LAUNCH OF MICOSOFT'S ZUNE MP3 PLAYE
Dear Sir/Madam, I analyze development launch Microsoft's Zune MP3 player provide logic product unsuccessful. The paper sections: • Introduction - In section outline purpose paper introduce product concept.
Development and Launch of Microsoft's Zune MP3 Player
This paper discusses the development of Microsoft's Zune MP3 player a digital potable media targeting to rival Apple's iPod market. The application was launched in the market in 2006 and it performance in the market was poor owing to iPod's popularity in the market Wingfield, 2008()
Zune is a product in the digital media owned and branded under Microsoft Corporation used for purposes of storing potable media. The product aimed at creating a platform for social ecosystem around product of Microsoft. The portable media has similar functions as an iPod with streaming for X-box via a Zune software and music, TV, media software and movies under a Windows…
Balmer, J.M.T. (2001). Corporate Identity, Corporate Branding and corporate marketing European Journal of Marketing 34(4), 248-291.
Barnes, B. (2007). "NBC Will Not Renew iTunes Contract",. The New York Times, August 31,.
Holahan, C. (2006). The Method to Microsoft's Zune Madness," Business Week,, 13 November.
Hunger, J.D., & Wheelen, T.L. (2010). Essentials of Strategic Management: Prentice Hall PTR.
Google & Microsoft
Google is the leading search engine in the world, and has used the revenues from this position to both expand on its search capabilities and to enter new businesses as well. Google's main search engine is the world's most-visited website (Alexa.com, 2012). This brand has been expanded both geographically and across multiple product line extensions. The brand is the number one search engine in most major markets, the exception being China where cultural differences and legal troubles have allowed competitor Baidu to become market leader and the world's #5 website. (Li & omack, 2012). Product extensions include Maps, Translate, Scholar, Books, Images, Video and other similar search-related websites. Google also owns Blogger, one of the world's leading blog sites. Additionally, Google has enjoyed strong growth in recent years as the result of its Android mobile operating system. Android has become the world's largest mobile operating system, with…
Alexa.com. (2012). Top sites global. Alexa.com. Retrieved March 6, 2012 from http://www.alexa.com/topsites/global
Choney, S. (2011). Android market share to surpass 40% this year. MSNBC Tech. Retrieved March 6, 2012 from http://www.technolog.msnbc.msn.com/technology/gadgetbox/android-market-share-surpass-40-percent-year-122857
Google 2010 Annual Report. Retrieved March 6, 2012 from http://investor.google.com/pdf/2010_google_annual_report.pdf
Investopedia Staff. (2009). Reading the balance sheet. Investopedia. Retrieved March 6, 2012 from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/031004.asp
Google and Microsoft Financials
Strayer University Assignment 5 Financial management Bus 508 Google, aleader internet information searching, challenged big manes internet technology.Compare contrast Google's business model financial management Micrsoft's, launched Bing
Google and Microsoft financial and business performance
The increase in internet users and technological advancement has made Microsoft and Google record increased number of customers. The success of any company will entirely be dependent on the financial position and financial records it pose. "With intense competition, managers and stakeholders have to develop and adopt strategies that ensure growth in market share and growth in the profits" Foley, 2008.
Google is one of the companies that has recorded growth in performance and increased the number of users within the shortest period. It is also important to note that the company was not adversely affected by the economic recession that hit companies across the globe.
In analyzing the financial performance…
Foley, M.J. (2008). Microsoft 2.0: How Microsoft plans to stay relevant in the post-Gates era. Indianapolis: John Wiley & Sons.
Lowe, J. (2009). Google speaks: Secrets of the world's greatest billionaire entrepreneurs, Sergey Brin and Larry Page. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.
Porter, G.A. (2009). Financial accounting: The impact on decision makers Toronto: Nelson Education.
Rittinghouse, J.W., & Ransome, J.F. (2010). Cloud computing:Implementation, management, and security. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
MSFT Skype V
Microsoft purchased Skype for $8.5 billion, and immediately critics of the deal questioned the value that Skype could bring to Microsoft (Bright, 2011). Skype was plagued with old technology that it did not even develop itself (Ricknas, 2008; Kharif, 2009). The company's 2009 SEC filing revealed that its financial condition was terrible. hile the company has been rapidly increasing its user base, less than 10% of users are paying customers and the rate at which paying customers are growing is slower than the rate at which customers in general are growing. There are two feedback loops that are critical to Skype, one of which is negative and one of which is positive. These feedback loops can be identified through the analysis of the company's business and financial statements.
Making a Case
The key balancing feedback loop at Skype is that which keeps the company unprofitable, and this…
Bellinger, G. (2004) Introduction to systems thinking. Retrieved from http://www.systems-thinking.org/intst/int.htm on 2/20/12.
Bright, P. (2011). Microsoft buys Skype for $8.5 billion. Why, exactly? Wired Magazine. Retrieved June 15, 2012 from http://www.wired.com/business/2011/05/microsoft-buys-skype-2/
Dignan, L. (2011). Skype: Ad revenue provides third revenue stream. ZD Net. Retrieved June 18, 2012 from http://www.zdnet.com/blog/btl/skype-ad-revenue-provides-third-revenue-stream/45769
Kharif, O. (2009). Skype legal settlement clears path for expansion. Business Week. Retrieved June 18, 2012 from http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/nov2009/tc2009116_153601.htm
Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, DB2, and Oracle are four of the most important and widely used database management systems (DBMS) in use in today's information technology field. This paper compares the four DBMS in terms of ten major factors: 1) price, 2) platform compatibility, 3) support services, 4) support for ERP and CRM high-end systems, 5) open or proprietary, 6) Ease of integrating information with other databases 7) support for data requirements for mobile and embedded devices, 8) reputation, 9) stability and backup, 10) recommended users.
All in all, this analysis shows that SQL and other open-source databases are excellent for providing support for medium-load business applications and ebsites. In contrast, proprietary databases like DB2 and Oracle seem to be much better suited to heavy-load business applications (Biggs). Despite this assertion, Microsoft's SQL Server 7.0 marked its aggressive and largely highly effective move towards heavier applications in government, finance,…
Biggs, Maggie. Finding an opening: Open-source databases are worth watching as they near the big time. Infoworld, September 20, 2002.
Darrow, Barbara. Oracle To Slice Price On Standard Edition One, Weighs RAC Bundle. CRN,
2:55 PM EST Fri., Jan. 30, 2004. 08 February 2004.
Microsoft Private Cloud Webinar Synopsis
Flexpod with Microsoft Private Cloud
With technology always continuously adapting, it is important to stay up-to-date and allow your employees to have the best tools available to them. One of the fastest growing trend in IT today is the concept of cloud computing -- a service that allows you to integrate communications and work processes seamlessly. Flexpod with Microsoft Private Cloud is a product that does all the hard work for you. It is a virtual desktop that can be accessed anywhere there is internet, allowing workers in the field and out on assignment never miss anything or loose out because they do not have the full access to all their information they would have while sitting at their desks.
Cloud computing allows workers to become less tied down, freeing them to do business as they move, and thus keeping up with the ever-changing environment…
Google and Microsoft are competitors in two different businesses, search engines and mobile operating systems. Google is the industry leader in search engines, garnering massive amounts of traffic on its different sites. Google has a number of different search sites (maps, scholar, images, translate) that are in line with its mandate to make information more freely accessible. The company's Android mobile operating system has become a major product for the firm, spurring strong growth in the past few years. Android is licensed by OEM companies (smartphone and tablet makers) to use as an operating system. Much of Google's revenue comes from advertisement sales, which are based on search terms and customer information that has been gathered. The company holds a dominant position in this market.
Microsoft's main business is in the indows operating system and in the company's suite of software. These generate revenues both from OEM…
Investopedia. (2012). Reading the balance sheet. Investopedia. Retrieved March 5, 2012 from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/031004.asp #axzz1oHefP0yK' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Given Microsoft's track record, it certainly appears that pre-announcement of Chicago were an attempt to thwart competition from rival products. Microsoft knows that information technology is one industry that is extremely volatile and highly unpredictable. Here market share increases and decreases with the entry or just an announcement of a new product. For this reason, it was important for the firm to preserve its market share while Chicago was not ready for release. With competitors like IBM keenly observing every move of Microsoft to detect any loopholes in its strategy or product, it was important for Microsoft to make some concrete measures to keep customers interested in forthcoming products of MS because interest in new product was one thing that could stop them from switching loyalties and trying out rival products.
When competition is stiff as we noticed in the case of Microsoft, customers are usually as good…
Anne McCrory Vaporware: It's OK... In Name Only Publication: Computerworld; Date: 01/25/1999;
Dyson, Esther A surfeit of vaporware. (Random Access) (Column) Publication: Forbes; Date: 05/01/1989;
Casselman, Grace Vaporware: vile or valid? (The downside of product pre-announcements) (Special Report) Publication: Computing Canada; Date: 12/19/1991;
Wheat, Andrew The info-baron: Bill Gates and Microsoft. Publication: Multinational Monitor; Date: 05/01/1995
vacant and eye-like windows" of the House of Usher spook the nameless narrator and his sickly childhood friend and title heir, Roderick Usher. Decaying trees and a "black and lurid tarn" dot the sullen landscape that greets the narrator on his approach to the Usher estate. This classic Gothic setting influences the narrator as soon as his horse trots towards the crumbling mansion. Probably familiar with depression, the narrator notices immediately what a profound effect the House of Usher has upon his frightened and weakened spirit. The eerie landscape of Edgar Allen Poe's short story "The Fall of the House of Usher" contributes to characterization.
From the onset of the narrative, the house itself acts as a character; it is humanized and personified by the narrator even before he meets Roderick. Indeed, the narrator is transfixed by the physical nature of the house even before he sets foot inside it…
Deployment and Administration - Windows Server 2012
Deployment and Server Additions
The number of servers required the roles to be combined.
Careful evaluation of present and projected activity considerations helps decide the server configuration. The number of servers required will correspond directly to the amount of functional data handling for the next three to five years. If a growth of 33% is projected, then it would be prudent to use a AM of 16 GB in the physical server. Generally, it is good enough practice to start with a 12 GB AM in a virtual operation computer, and monitor for the need to upgrade as the project and operations expand (Serhad MAKBULOGLU, 2012).
Estimate Memory (example)
Base Operating System ecommended AM (Windows Server 2008)
LSASS internal tasks
Database (Global Catalog)
Cushion for backup to run, administrators to log on without impact…
Davide Costantini. (2015, Septemeber 9). How to configure a Distributed File System (DFS) Namespace. Retrieved from The Solving: http://thesolving.com/storage/how-to-configure-distributed-file-system-dfs-namespace/
Adam Brown. (2013, April 15). Active Directory Domain Naming in the Modern Age. Retrieved from AC Brown's IT World: https://acbrownit.com/2013/04/15/active-directory-domain-naming-in-the-modern-age/
Best Practice Active Directory Design for Managing Windows Networks. (n.d.). Retrieved from Microsoft Developer Network: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb727085.aspx
Dishan Francis. (2015, March 3). Step-by-Step: Setting Up Active Directory Sites, Subnets & Site-Links. Retrieved from Microsoft Technet Blogs: https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/canitpro/2015/03/03/step-by-step-setting-up-active-directory-sites-subnets-site-links/
eBay needs to attack this issue of trust head-on first and make the most of turning around their reputation for accuracy, reliability of transactions, transparency and vetting of buyers and sellers if they are to preserve their reputation.
When all of these factors are taken into account, including the lack of platform focus, the purchase and resale of Skype, the lack of focus on being an exchange over a platform and the lack of trust in their transaction engine, eBay has a full agenda of competitive issues to deal with. Instead of concentrating on the minute details of their auction engine eBay management instead needs to consider how they can scale to be the platform of choice for e-commerce globally and also how they can dominate pricing analysis and pricing recommendations over time. Unless they become strategic they will eventually be acquired.
Bapna, ., Jank, W., & Shmueli, G..…
Bapna, R., Jank, W., & Shmueli, G.. (2008). Consumer Surplus in Online Auctions. Information Systems Research, 19(4), 400-416,516-517.
Bruell, a.. (2010, January). Kijiji gets moms on board in effort to rise above classified competitors. PRweek, 13(1), 51.
Cabral, L., & Hortacsu, a.. (2010). The DYNAMICS of SELLER REPUTATION: EVIDENCE FROM EBAY. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 58(1), 54.
Castelluccio, M.. (2009). eBay Liberates Skype. Strategic Finance, 91(4), 55-56.
The traditional Unix Common Desktop Environment should satisfy long-time Unix users, though most people are likely to find it to be crude and dated. The GNU Network Object Model Environment is a modern desktop environment that strives for simplicity, similar to Mac OS. Gnome has all the features modern users expect in a desktop, though experts may be disappointed by the fact that many decisions are left out of the hands of the user. Experts are more likely to prefer the K. Desktop Environment, which provides a configuration switch for nearly everything that could be done in more than one way. KDE is the most popular desktop environment for Unix.
Windows 2000 offers only the default Windows user interface. The Windows shell is dated in comparison to Gnome or KDE. Though consistency and familiarity are beneficial, Windows lacks user-interface features like multiple window focus models and virtual desktops that are…
Singer, Michael. "Sun Sets Solaris 10 Free." Developer. 15 November 2004. http://www.internetnews.com/dev-news/article.php/3435621
When employees have a high level of ownership regarding an initiative, product or strategy they feel a higher level of control, and commit themselves at a more personal level to its success (Spector 1986). Microsoft's it department, in striving to be a responsive resource to the rest of the company, often relies on these internal reviews of new applications from the company to find new approaches to delivering higher levels of effectiveness throughout the organization. It learns from software development what could potentially assist internal departments to be more effective in their use of systems, software and processes, becoming a more efficient and responsive internal resource in the process.
Microsoft's unique culture is based on the need to be continually innovating new software applications and solutions to an increasingly wide breadth of markets globally. For Microsoft to continually be competitive in both their Human esources and it organizations, the…
French, J.R.P., & Raven, B.H. (1959). The bases of social power. In D. Cartwright (Ed.), Studies in social power (pp. 150-167). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.
Schein, E. (1983). "The Role of the Founder in the Creation of Organizational Culture" MIT Sloan Working Papers. Accessed from the Internet on October 13, 2007 https://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/2039
Spector, Paul (1986) Perceived Control by Employees - a Meta-Analysis of Studies Concerning Autonomy and Participation at Work. Human Relations Volume 39, Number 11 Pages 1005-1016.
ecently, Skype also created a platform for group video, where groups of more than two people could meet with Skype. The company was founded in 2003, with its headquarters in Luxembourg. It is available for free download. Microsoft was founded in 1975 and has since become the world leader in software, services, and solutions for businesses and individual people. It is expected that the acquisition would help both companies to expand their services for the benefit of customers, while also benefiting themselves by expanding their reach across the world.
The potential success of the acquisition depends on a number of uncertainties. The change to cloud-based computing, for example, could result in increased competition. Microsoft's business model may need to change. The company may also face challenges when protecting its property rights or when others claim that Microsoft has violated their property rights. Microsoft could also have security vulnerabilities that could…
Aggarwal, S. (2011, May 10). Skype Acquisition, Many Synergies for Microsoft. Retrieved from: http://blogs.vccircle.com/500/healthy-airhotel-travel-trends-to-benefit-makemytrip/
Daily News and Analysis (2011). Microsoft to Acquire Skype for $8.5 billion. Retrieved from: http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report_microsoft-to-acquire-skype-for-8-5-billion_1541491
Microsoft News Center. (2011, May 10). Microsoft to Acquire Skype. Retrieved from: http://www.microsoft.com/Presspass/press/2011/may11/05-10CorpNewsPR.mspx