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Father Peter A Crisis of
Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48203157
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On the June 23rd, thanksgiving mass alone, over 600 people attended. Since hearing of Father Peter's departure, the Holy Cross Church has been inundated with calls from concerned and disappointed parishioners on the subject of who will replace him.

The community is disturbed because of the need for continuity between current and past policies. Father Peter has done so much work to help Holy Cross, but his mission is far from accomplished. Holy Cross is at a loss to understand why the transfer occurred at this time, given how many years of service Father Peter has committed to this specific location. While we understand the need for cost-saving and consolidation, the 'at risk' nature of the population served by the Church and its increasing numbers suggests that this is not the right time for such a move.

It must be stressed that the desire for Father Peter to remain in…

Old Testament Prophets
Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64205973
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Pastor Timothy (2013) points out, "The prophets spoke volumes on idolatry, social injustice, and religious ritualism." These are three of the most important topics in the Hebrew Bible. Idolatry was a primary concern for the God of the Hebrew Bible. From the time of the Exodus, when God offers Moses the Ten Commandments and states outright, "You shall have no other gods before me," God and the Prophets understood that idolatry was a major challenge to overcome. During the time in which the Hebrew Bible was written, idolatry and paganism remained common. It took great effort on the part of the Prophets to steer people away from false idols and to the one true God. Isaiah tries to frighten people away from creating idols, saying that craftsmen who make idols should be ashamed of themselves. "They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things…


Bible (KJV)

Bible (NIV)

Pastor Timothy (2013). The prophets. Retrieved online:

Ethics and Church in Today's
Words: 4911 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13276603
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Their primary duty is that of guiding the spiritual and religious aspects of the lives of their community members. They should give the highest priority to their duties towards the community including church service, counseling and other ceremonial functions required by their profession. As part of their professional and ethical duties, pastors are also required to show an interest in community development and increase their participation in community activities. This has become a necessity in modern culture because people expect institutions to take an interest and an active role in the community development efforts. Institutions cannot expect to benefit from the resources of the society and not give back. This is why business organizations, universities and even political parties make community development a part of their organization's commitment to the society and the people they serve. eligious institutions like the church are also expected to follow this example. The pastor,…


Arnold, W.V. (1982). Introduction to Pastoral Care. Westminster John Knox Press.

Bush, J.E. (2006). Gentle Shepherding: Pastoral Ethics and Leadership. Chalice Press.

Gula, R.M. (1996). Ethics in Pastoral Ministry. Paulist Press.

Hewart-Mills, D. (2011). Pastoral Ministry. Xulon Press.

Holy Cross Church in Times
Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 54461632
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People of the parish won't know the difference." But the parishioners will know the difference if they wake up one morning and their church is closed; which many fear will be their fate.

If that happens many parishioners feel they would be lost without their church. Theresa Henry stated "I would be devastated if they closed this church. I found solitude coming here, it's helped me through hard times." Before anyone should panic however, Father Peter was quick to comment on the potential closing of Holy Cross Church stating "There's an ongoing planning process, it would be foolish to close down Holy Cross." He also attempted to raise moods by telling parishioners that there would be no decision any time soon and that a final decision won't be made for at least "two years."

Parishioners at Holy Cross Church in Times Square can read the writing on the wall and…

Frank Norris A Controversial Yet
Words: 1455 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73612815
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(J. Frank Norris -- Everything on).

Norris' Controversial Side

Norris admits to a lot of behavior that he may not have been able to get away with in today's politically correct climate. Admittedly, in the 1930's, Norris campaigned vehemently against Al Smith, a Catholic, whom was running for President. Norris used his power to wage a campaign against him so as to protect the other candidate whom was a member of the Klu Klux Klan, a known white supremicist. Additionally, Norris advocated in favor of placing people on trial for allegedly supporting communism or taking part in communist activities. In fact, he adamantly wrote to the anti-American committee and volunteered to testify against members of the Southern Baptist Convention. On many occasion, Norris openly praised Joe McCarthy for his anti-communist work. Moreover, Norris' own friends have stated that Norris always loved a fight; and, Norris himself admits that at first…

Works Cited

"J. Frank Norris - Everything on J. Frank Norris (information, Latest News, Articles,...)." - Historical Events, Latest News, News Archives. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. .

"J. Frank Norris." Enriching the Mind, Inspiring the Heart. Arlington Baptist College. Web. 12 Apr. 2010. .

"J. Frank Norris." Enriching the Mind, Inspiring the Heart. Arlington Baptist College. Web. 12 Apr. 2010. .

"J. Frank Norris." Expert Archive Questions. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. .

Persona Christi an Analysis of the Priesthood
Words: 5507 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24012181
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Persona Christi

An Analysis of the Priesthood "in persona Christi" and "in nominee ecclesiae"

The questions that surround the functions of the priesthood and the diaconate today appear to be part and parcel of the greater uncertainty that surrounds ancient Church customs. This paper will attempt to analyze the meanings of the phrases "in persona Christi" and "in nomine ecclesiae" as they have reflected the functions of the ministers of the Church both in the past and in today. The conclusion of this research is that while the traditional Church maintained a clear definition (and reverent propriety regarding the mystery of the priestly aspect), today's Church is less sure of the role and function of the minister in relation to Church hierarchy and Church laity.

In Persona Christi

Historical Background: the Vestments

Pius XII's (1947) encyclical Mediator Dei describes for us the aspect of the priest in relation to Jesus…

Staley, V. (1894). The Catholic Religion. London, UK: Mowbray.

Tanner, N.P., ed. (1990). Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils. London: Sheed

and Ward.

Personality Analysis Life History Like Most People
Words: 1267 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42476373
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Personality Analysis

Life History

Like most people, I have experienced ups and downs, highs and lows. The major upheavals in my life have revealed some of the core personality traits that have been with me since childhood. I believe that crisis and stress challenge us, and also bring to light our true selves. However, I also believe strongly in the power of each person to change. I used to have anger management problems and other emotional issues, just like most people. Mainly these problems were related to my not having in place a set of established coping mechanisms in my life. Part of this is related to the culture and upbringing, and part also to personality traits. Yet after I was divorced from a husband of 22 years, it was a shock. I did not feel like myself because my emotions were getting the best of me. Knowing this, I…


Collins, W.A., Maccoby, E.E., Steinberg, L. & Hetherington, E. (2000). Contemporary research on parenting. American Psychologist 55(2): 218-232.

Jussim, L. (2012). Social Perception and Social Reality. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lalande, Kathleen M.; Bonanno, George A. (2011). Retrospective memory bias for the frequency of potentially traumatic events: A prospective study. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Vol 3(2), Jun 2011, 165-170.

Lewkowitz, D.J. (2011). The biological implausibility of the nature-nurture dichotomy and what it means for the study of infancy. Infancy 16(4): 331-367.

Messiah Kaiser Walter C The
Words: 1741 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 31704351
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For a pastor preparing a sermon, this work might be inspiring, despite of its occasional linguistic difficulty, in addressing the idea of fulfillment of promise and prophesy, as well as the many roles played by Christ throughout history, in body and in spirit -- king, leader, star, prophet, amongst others. A lay reader with a specific interest in Christ's role as a prophet might enjoy reading this book, as might a Christian therapist with an interest in how a single figure can play multiple roles, shift and remain the same throughout history -- an analogy, one could say with an individual human being in the context of his or her own life, where we all play many roles in the context of our lives.

In conclusion, although a profoundly imperfect and perhaps too short text for the subject it tackles, for readers with an interest in the theological viewpoint of…

Is Reparative Therapy for Homosexuals Possible and Ethical
Words: 886 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46317732
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eparative Therapy for Homosexuals

The issue of homosexuality needs to be a major controversy within the social environment. All across the world people are still struggling with the idea that they may or may not be, homosexual, especially within the context of society that tends to look down and discriminate against individuals based on sexual orientation. In the light of this controversy, there are some therapeutic methods which have been created and regarded by many within conservative or religious institution as being effective in helping remold one's sexual identity. Also known as reparative therapies, these are psychological or other style implementations of therapeutic methods designed at rewiring one's sexual identity. Still, the majority of psychologists and professionals view these therapies as more harmful than beneficial; this makes it crucial for pastor therapist to help guide potentially concerned individuals towards more productive use of therapeutic models that would focus on self-acceptance…


Herek, Gregory M. (2012). APA council of representatives passes resolution on so-called reparative therapy. Resolution 97. Web. 

National Committee on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues. (2000). Reparative and conversion therapies for lesbians and gay men. National Association of Social Workers. Web. 

Schumacher-Matos, Edward. (2012). The furor over gay conversion therapy. NPR. Web.

Policies and Procedures for Interactive Training for
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16081920
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Policies and Procedures for Interactive Training for Pastors

Policies and Procedures for Interactive Training

a) What is the relationship between formal training and none formal training?

Training in both cases is based on certain principals (religious) that guide the person facilitating the training program. However, while formal training is primarily based on biblical teaching, informal training involves general references to everyday experiences in life.

b) What is the relationship connecting availability of training programs and instructors in formal training?

The basis of training programs both formal and informal is to provide knowledge that facilitates a certain activity within the given institution. Availability of training program mainly concerns the educative session that are introduced alongside the main course in an institution. Such training is formal, but act as an added advantage to the learners as it provide extra lessons to higher performance in the respective field. Hence, instructors in the formal…

Interfaith in Recent Year There
Words: 1189 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 93492493
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The article explains that many evangelicals believe that fasting in the same fashion as Muslims, undermines Christianity. They assert that such associations actually blur the lines between the faiths.

However, leaders of the Christian movement towards having such relationships with other faiths disagree with the aforementioned assertion. According to Brian McLaren, one of the Christian leaders of the interfaith movement, explains that the reason for fasting is not to become Muslim. Instead he asserts that "we are deeply committed Christians. But as Christians, we want to come close to our Muslim neighbors and to share this important part of life with them." The goal is to join Muslims in the observance as "a God-honoring expression of peace, fellowship and neighborliness (Gorski, 2009)."

McLaren started the movement because he believed that many Americans began to develop an anti-muslim ideology as a result of the terrorist attacks of 2001. He believed that…

Works Cited

Ariarajah S.W. Religious Diversity and Interfaith Relations in a Global Age. Retrieved December 12, 2009 from; http: / / _chaplaincy/Geoff_papers/ariarajah.PDF

Gorski, E. (2009) Muslims find new Ramadan fast partners: Christians. Retrieved December 12, 2009 from;

Hell Granted Differences Exist Between
Words: 1663 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92697372
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As noted, this is an interesting book. However, an introduction to the subject as well as concluding remarks by Crockett would have been helpful. The reader is left in limbo at the end without any concluding comments. The introduction could have provided more information as a foundation of Christianity and the notion of hell and perhaps even how other religions view this. In addition to these four perspectives, there are other Christian views on hell and they could have been noted here. For example, universalism is the theological doctrine that all souls will ultimately be saved and that there are no torments of hell.

Other books recommended on the topic of hell include:

Hell and Immortality Compiled by Doug Peitz, Baraboo and La Crosse, WI Worldwide Church of God Pastor

The History of Hell, by Alice K. Turner, Harcourt Brace Publishers, 1993.

Universalism and the Doctrine of Hell, edited by…

References Cited;

David Burge. Four Views on Hell review. Retrieved February 9, 2008. 

Crockett, W. (1992) Four Views on Hell. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Skeptical Christian. Four Views on Hell. Retrieved February 9, 2008

Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament
Words: 2254 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 38383828
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Jesus through the Old Testament

Christopher J.H. Wright's Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament is a book written to connect the two halves of scripture, in a way that helps Christians better understand that "…it is Jesus that gives meaning and validity to the events of Israel's Old Testament history."[footnoteRef:0] Wright is an Old Testament scholar -- an Ulsterman whose own parents had been Presbyterian missionaries in razil, although he would convert and become ordained in the Anglican church, and now resides in London where he directs an international ministry. His academic background is in historical study of the Old Testament, and his first full-length book was a study of economic ethics in the Old Testament. (He confesses endearingly, but unnecessarily, in the present work that he feels much less at ease with the New Testament as a scholar.) Knowing Jesus through the Old Testament is his second work, first…


Alexander, Paul. "Book Review: Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament." IX Marks,,,PTID314526_CHID598026_CIID2438290,00.html  (accessed 15 April 2011).

David Murray, "Jesus never read the New Testament." The Gospel Coalition,  / (accessed 15 April 2011).

O'Collins, Gerald and Jones, Michael Keenan. Jesus Our Preist: A Christian Approach to the Priesthood of Christ. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Wright, Christopher J.H. 1992. Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press.

Off the Books
Words: 1803 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52130618
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Crime can be socially constructed. Both On the un and Off the Books highlight the ways crime can be socially constructed, through erroneous models of deviance, through labeling, and through inequitable access to social, cultural, economic, and political power. Moreover, the socially constructed types of crime emerge often as a product of anomie: the negation of the norms of the dominant culture due to the strength of the subculture. Deviant subcultures, or at least those labeled as deviant, exhibit signs of anomie. They often have their own internal, self-generated, self-regulating set of moral codes and norms. A prime example of the ways deviant subcultures generate their own internal set of norms is in fictive and real tales of mafia life, in movies, books, and television. The creation of mafia, gangs, and other types of organized crime reflects sociological theories of crime rooted in conflict theory, strain theory, and anomie. In…


Anderson, Elijah. "The Iconic Ghetto." The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science July 2012 vol. 642 no. 1 8-24

Venkatesh, Sudhir Alladi. Off the Books: The Underground Economy of the Urban Poor. Harvard University Press, 2006.

Zelizer, Viviana. "The Real Economy." Qualitative Sociology 2008(31): 189-193.

Non-Denominational Religions the New Facility
Words: 2495 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49473265
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" Therefore, the Second Coming and the Rapture are coincidental events, both of which have to do with Christ returning to Earth. The Rapture specifically refers to what happens to human beings. Once Christ returns, the "thousand-year reign" on Earth begins. According to the FFM website, "Jesus Christ will one day return to bring believers home to Heaven and will reign with them over the Earth for 1,000 years." The thousand-year reign has scriptural origin, and is also called the Millennial Reign of Jesus. A "new heaven and earth," ostensibly a holier and happier one, will result from the Second Coming.

Speaking in tongues is a phenomenon that occasionally accompanies the baptism rite. Many Protestant and evangelical groups encourage speaking in tongues as proof of one's salvation during baptism (Robinson 2005). More formally known as "glossolalia," speaking in tongues is considered to be a supernatural manifestation of the glory of…

Works Cited

'History." Faith Fellowship<>.

Interview material.

"Our Beliefs." <>.

Robinson, B.A. (2005). "Comparing the Beliefs of Roman Catholics and Conservative Protestants." Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance: Religious< >.

Integrating Faith in Business the Objective of
Words: 1615 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69609830
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Integrating Faith in usiness

The objective of this work is to describe how it is to work with difficult bosses and to discuss the discoveries made in this present course relating to this specific issue specifically emphasizing iblical principles. This work in writing will deliberate through research and reflection about how the Christian Scriptures and faith relate to the issue of a difficult boss and ways that one can live out the choices and changes in order to work with the difficult boss.

The work of Cohen (2012) addresses what it is like to work with a difficult boss and examines the various types of difficult bosses that exist. Included in these are the following types of difficult bosses: (1) the micromanager; (2) the incompetent; (3) the sabotage; and (4) others. (Cohen, 2012) The micromanager type boss is described as the type of boss that "often believes he's doing the…


Mark, Pastor (nd) How to Work For a Difficult Boss Col. 3:22-25. Hope Fellowship. Retrieved from: 

Cohen, Julie (2012) Dealing with a Difficult Boss. Evan Carmichael. Retrieved from:

Robinson Darrell W 1997 Total Church Life
Words: 2340 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 41445345
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Robinson, Darrell W. (1997). Total church Life: How to be a first century church in a 21st century world. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Homan. The writer provides a summary of chapters two through twelve and then discusses what classification this book fits into. The writer completes the work with a one page reflection about the author's viewpoints with three leaders named who would agree with the author's views.

Info: 1. summarize the content of each chapter in one half page. Take only chapters 2 through 12

classify the book as to type and specialized field of study and critique it as if you were submitting a book review for a major journal - one and a half pages.

write a one-page reflective (judge, critique, assess) paper synthesizing the author's views with those of others in the field. Highlight three other leading thinkers in this discipine with whom this author can…

As a Christian reader of this book I found it to be extremely uplifting. As I went through the chapters and applied the author's suggestions in theory in several different settings it was easy to see that it can work. Robinson has taken away the hustle the bustle and the need to put on airs that has locked many churches into a vicious cycle lately, and it replaced it with the bottom line in the work of the Lord. This author has provided me and others with the ability to go back to basics and use this book as a foundational blueprint for success within a congregation. I believe if one takes this book and refuses to deviate from the step-by-step process that it provides the reader in the organization of a church and the growth of the congregation.


Robinson, Darrell W. (1997). Total church Life: How to be a first century church in a 21st century world. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Homan publishers.

U S Relations With Latin America and the Caribbean
Words: 1283 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 47086817
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US Foreign Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean

Pastor, .A. & Long, T. (2010). The Cold War and its Aftermath in the Americas: The Search

for a Synthetic Interpretation of U.S. Policy. Latin American esearch eview, 45(3), 261-273.

Pastor and Long conducted a search of synthetic interpretation of the United States foreign policy in Latin America and the Caribbean in the aftermath of the Cold War through examining existing literature of U.S. foreign policy in the Americas. This search was carried out on the premise that some scholars have focused on understanding U.S. foreign policy and inter-American relations in the aftermath of the Cold War. This analysis is carried out on the premise that numerous books and review essays have been developed to examine the Americas in the post-Cold War era and current or future issues in the inter-American agenda. The focus of this article is to examine how…


Pastor, R.A. & Long, T. (2010). The Cold War and its Aftermath in the Americas: The Search

for a Synthetic Interpretation of U.S. Policy. Latin American Research Review, 45(3), 261-273.

James C Peterson's Why Don't
Words: 1853 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 66318525
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Doing and Living the Peterson Approach

Getting young people in Sunday School to create their own 'talker-listener' cards in their own words in the language of their age group might be an ideal craft activity -- and could become a helpful and healthy exercise for individuals undergoing couples therapy who are in conflict. Even difficult boardroom meetings could benefit from the creation of such cards, as could interfaith dialogues. On an everyday, personal level, simply mentally keeping the approach in mind can be helpful, even when dealing with people who do not play by the rules of the talker and listener approach. A good speaker must always listen, to have an idea of what is moving the other speaker, even if that individual is operating on an emotional rather than a meaningful level of conscious dialogue. Keeping interruptions at a minimum, asking questions, avoiding labeling or generalizing, and trying to…

Ears Are Blasted Daily by the Drumbeat
Words: 2037 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9156008
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ears are blasted daily by the drumbeat of environmental forewarnings. The seas are rising. The glaciers are melting. Don't drive -- take the bus. Recycle. Turn off the lights. Adjust that thermostat. Save the polar bears! Reduce your carbon footprint!

Nothing against carbon, or ecologists, or polar bears, but while society focuses on reducing carbon footprints, why aren't more folks out there creating footprints for God? ho is marching through the pain and the rain and the snow to rekindle faith that God will intercede in broken lives, and will help repair the world's environmental problems if we just put one foot in front of the other in a march towards Christian truth?

hy have we been waiting for inspiration as to what we should do in this troubled world? Are not seeing that global warming and rising sea levels are sending us warning that we need to trust God's…

Works Cited

Faris, Stephan. (2008). Craig Sorley. Time. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from .

Sorley, Craig. (2011). Christ, Creation Stewardship, and Missions: How Discipleship into a Biblical Worldview on Environmental Stewardship Can Transform People and Their Land.

International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 35(3), 137-143.

Srokosz, M.A. (2008). God's Story and the Earth's story: Grounding our concern for the Environment in the biblical meta-narrative. Science & Christian Belief, 20(2), 163-175.

African-American Gay and Lesbianism
Words: 2532 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79292626
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lack Church and Homosexuality

There are plenty of reasons why the black church refuses to accept homosexuality amongst its patrons. The African-American people have been one of the most oppressed races in America. They felt separate from the rest of the Americans due to the color of their skin. The African-American community has struggled with a lot of racism. In order to allow their society to survive and remain united they turned to prayer. The church was their salvation and helped them deal with oppression and racism. It was a sacred ground for them to heal their pain and regain their respect.

lack Church and their opposition

The black church knows that homosexuality rips the social fabric apart. They feel that gay people are not able to reproduce. They feel it's a threat to the survival of society and can also bring innocent children into the fold. It is a…


1. Black Pastors Bridle at Gay Marriage, Christine McCarthy McMorris, Religion in the news, 2004

2. Religious gays press case for equal rights, Joe Crea, Washington Blade, November, 2004

3. The failure of the black church, Rev. Renee McCoy, Black Light, 2004

4. Hostility rules amongst black congregations, Atlanta journal and constitution, 2003

Visiting an African Methodist Episcopal
Words: 1097 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31103651
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The pastor spoke about the right place to find Jesus. He was gesturing dramatically with every point he made. He said if a person is looking for Jesus, that person shouldn't look to the White House in Washington, D.C., and that person shouldn't look in governor's mansions in any state. With he emphasis he made, with each strong point, certain members of the audience said "Amen" loudly, or "Oh Yes Jesus!" -- and some would clap hands together just once with each special phrase he spoke. Some stood up and raised their hands up high. I couldn't understand every word he spoke because his voice rose and fell so quickly and his accent was from the Deep South.

But it was fascinating sitting in a back pew watching, listening, and even clapping my hands when the audience was responding to something dramatic or particularly poignant that he spoke. Some of…

Camera Down Documentaries When to
Words: 2724 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61076155
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It would appear as though the work of a journalist, though, should not be allowed to supersede the duty to help others. A moral duty is in place for that type of activity, even if legal ramifications are not significant.

Those who spend their time behind the camera may see the world in a different way than others. If that is truly the case, these individuals may not be "wired" to put down the camera and help. Without their cameras, they may freeze and render themselves completely unhelpful. Whether this would be the case would have to be studied, but it is entirely possible and some people actually do freeze up and struggle with their emotions and abilities when they are faced with a crisis situation. In that case, these individuals may not actually be able to help even if they put their cameras down. One thing all documentarians should…


Cinders. (2008). Kevin Carter: The consequences of photojournalism. FanPop. Retrieved from 

Hallowell, Billy. (2012).Should This Photojournalist Have Intervened Sooner to Save the Life of a Dying Snake-Handling Pastor? The Blaze. Retrieved from 

Henningham, J. (1996). Australian journalists' professional and ethical values. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 73(1): 206-218.

Rogers, T. (2012). When should journalists help those in need at disaster scenes? Retrieved from

Ro Vargo Vargo & Vargo 2005 P
Words: 2301 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37149374
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o Vargo" (Vargo, & Vargo, 2005, p 27) that focuses on the life story of a young girl called o whose parent enrolls in a regular tradition school from kindergarten through college. The girl had some intellectual disability because she could not communicate properly with people. Despite her disability, her parent showered her a parental care and brought her up in a way they would have done if o were a normal child. The parent made an effort to ensure that o developed excellent psychological and educational developments. To assist o enjoying positive educational development, o's parents enrolled her in a kindergarten school, and showered her love to assist o enhancing positive psychological development.

Theoretical Framework

Overview of the whole issue reveals that o's story is consistence with a developmental pathway of socio-cultural theory. Socio-cultural theory is an emerging theory that reveals the importance of the society to an individual…


Algozzine, B., Harris, M., Mutua, K., Obiakor, F., & Rotatori, A. (2012).Making inclusion work in the general education classrooms. Education & Treatment of Children, 35(3), 477-490. Retrieved from Document URL 

Khudorenko, E.A. (2011). Problems of the education and inclusion of people with disabilities.Russian Education & Society, 53(12), 82-91.

Parritz, R.H., & Troy, M.F. (2014). Disorders of childhood: Development and psychopathology (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Polat, F. (2011). Inclusion in education: A step towards social justice. International Journal of Educational Development, 31(1), 50-58. doi:10.1016/j.ijedudev.2010.06.009

Christian Leader
Words: 1558 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 80501179
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Malphurs, Aubrey. Advanced Strategic Planning: A new model for Church and Ministry Leaders ISBN-13:978-0801014550

In the latest edition of Malphurs's book Advanced Strategic Planning, the author remains consistently committed to the goal of helping ministers develop the most effective and successful ministries possible. Strategic planning refers to the large and diverse checklist of activities relevant during the development of a new ministry or during major structural or thematic changes to existing ones. Without a strategy or a roadmap, notes Malphurs, many churches are doomed to failure. The author walks the reader through the process of strategic planning from the pre-planning and visionary stages through to the pragmatic and logistical issues like fundraising and financial management, through the necessity for ongoing assessment. Although the book would be strengthened with additional sections on risk and crisis management, Malphurs does a good job with the material.


The strengths of the Malphurs book…

Environment: Toulmin Model Argument

To be environmental or not may not be a difficult question for Christian people, then again, for others it might be. However, when it comes to Christians and the Environment, the question is, should Christians be worried about the ecosystem? Spending time in the bible can clearly show Christians that they need to accept the obligation to be more active in caring for the environment for the reason that it is God's creation. If people believe, as Christians that they are God's workers, they should not have any part in helping destroying the earth. Any utilization of earth's resources need to upkeep the sustainability of such assets. If this is done would be to act in revolt against the objective of God in design and in a very real sense walk in insincerity in regards to the environment. With that said, this paper will argue specific…


Attfield, R. (2003). "Christian Attitudes to Nature.." Journal of the History of Ideas, 44(3), 369-86.

Berry, T. (2009.). The Christian Future and the Fate of the Earth. . New York City: Orbis.

Bianchi, E. C. (2009, March 8). The Ten Commandments of Ecological Spirituality. Retrieved from 

Gebara, I. (1999.). Longing for Running Water: Ecofeminism and Liberation. . Minneapolis, MN: Fortress.

Redemptive Role of the Black
Words: 2354 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 72409999
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44). She affiliated with the African Methodist Church (AME), preaching from New York State to Ohio and down South as well. She published her autobiography in 1849 and received "strong resistance and biting criticism," according to Frances Smith Foster (1993). "Lee used her alleged inferiority to emphasize the power of her message and in so doing, she…implies an authority superior to those whom she addresses" (Foster, p. 57). Indeed, Lee used the New Testament assertion that "the last shall be first" and in her autobiography she said she was an example of God's "ability to use even 'a poor coloured female instrument' to convert sinners…" (Foster, p. 57).

Another worthy source utilized for this paper is Dr. Edward R. Crowther, Professor of History at Adams State College in Colorado. Crowther published an article in the Journal of Negro History explaining how African-Americans got away from the white man's church after…

Works Cited

Blount, Brian K. (2005). Can I Get a Witness? Reading Revelation Through African-American

Culture. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press.

Clayton, Obie. (1995). The Churches and Social Change: Accommodation, Moderation, or Protest. Daedalus, 124(1), 101-119).

Collier-Thomas, Bettye. (1998). Daughters of Thunder: Black Women Preachers and Their

Reformation and Renaissance Thinkers' Criticism
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8003963
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Luther's thought incited anti-Roman sentiment and thought initially in his native Germany. He strongly influenced sympathetic local princes to confiscate church lands and property and to redistribute these. He urged for the end of the practice of granting indulgences. Through his work, 95 Theses, he questioned the worth and truthfulness of indulgences. The Roman Catholic Church "granted" indulgences to absolve one's sin from a "treasury of merits" of the Church. Luther could not accept the clergy's ability to absolve sin and that it was something, which could be bought. He held that there was no biblical basis for indulgences and that the ible should be the sole basis and center of Christian theology. Outside of the ible, the clergy had no sure and valid foundation for their interpretations (Hermansen).

The foremost Reformation figure after Luther and Huldreich Zwingli, a Swiss pastor, was John Calvin, a French Protestant theologian (Microsoft Encarta…


Hermansen, Joel. The European Renaissance and Reformation. AP World History:

Appleton Area School District, 2009. Retrieved on June 5, 2009 from

Microsoft Encarta. Reformation. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia: Microsoft

Corporation, 2009. Retrieved on June 5, 2009 from

Positive Classroom Climate
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Positive Classroom Environment

One of the most important jobs facing a teacher is the job of creating a classroom with a positive climate. It can be a challenging task, but children learn best when they feel safe and secure in their school environment (rownell & Walther-Thomas, 2001).

Experts recommend a variety of approaches. One of the things that affects a classroom negatively is punishment for infractions of behavior. Teachers often have an arsenal of options for punishment including time out, removing privileges, or suspension (rownell & Walther-Thomas, 2001). However, although punishment reacts to behavior problems, by itself it cannot teach the student a better way to act. ecause of this, educational experts recommend taking steps to prevent behavior problems so they don't have to be dealt with (rownell & Walther-Thomas, 2001).

Suggestions for behavior management include taking a wider view of discipline than simply a rule of rules and consequences.…

Berkley, Leonard G.; Keyes, Barbara J., and Longhurst, James E. 2001. "Bully-Proofing: What One District Learned about Improving School Climate. Reclaiming Children and Youth: 9.

Brownell, Mary T., and Walther-Thomas, Mary T. 2001. "Stephen W. Smith: Strategies for Building a Positive Classroom Environment by Preventing Behavior Problems. Intervention in School & Clinic: 37.

Pastor, Peggy. 2002. Classroom Practice: School Discipline and the Character of Our Schools. Phi Delta Kappan: 83.

Black Church the Redemptive Role
Words: 16899 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 2523902
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It will use historical evidence to examine the role of the church is a spiritual entity. It will examine the role of the church as a political entity throughout changing political landscapes. It will explore the role of the church as a social service provider with regards to the importance of this role in helping black people to redeem themselves in light of historical cultural atrocities that they have faced.

esearch Questions

In order to examine that topics of interest un this research study the following research questions be addressed.

1. How has the black church served as redemptive force in helping the black people to heal?

2. What factors served as a redemptive force in helping the image of black people in the black church to improve?

3. How has a black church helped black communities to regain and maintain their self-sufficiency?

4. How has the black church served…


Primary Sources

Aaron. (1845), the Light and Truth of Slavery. Aaron's History: Electronic Edition. Retrieved June 19, 2010 from 

Adams, John Quincy. (1872). Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams. Retrieved June 19,

2010 from

Aryan Nation Although Not the
Words: 2442 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 97141798
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The Aryan Nations Web site describes edfearin as "an individual of cunning mind, violent tendencies and radical outlook who aided in the evolution of the Aryan Nations worldview as the organization moved into a future which was very different than that perhaps originally envisioned by the Aryan activists of past generations."

Aryan Nations as a Terrorist Organization

Setbacks since the 1990s has largely left the Aryan Nations a "shadow of its former self," (Hoffman 2006, 110). However small its membership might be relative to the population as a whole, the Aryan Nations remains a formidable force. The organization's Web site indicates a slight ideological change, towards more radical and violent approaches to creating a constant state of "revolution" to dismantle the current social and political order (Aryan Nations). The Aryan Nations remains committed to racial purification but "it is prerequisite and indeed necessary that 'the System' be disrupted and broken…


Al-Khattar, Aref M. 2003. Religion and Terrorism; An Interfaith Perspective. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Aryan Nations. / (Accessed Nov 11, 2009).

Borgeson, Kevin, and Valeri, Robin. 2009. Terrorism in America. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. "Aryan Nation."  (Accessed Nov 11, 2009).

Edmund Spenser the Social Critique
Words: 5349 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 62051431
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Still, his union with a woman also of common birth leaves us to reflect that in all likelihood, Spenser himself would enter the court after an upbringing of modestly. This denotes the distinction of Spenser as a critique of reigning structures of authority in his time and place. This also helps to introduce our discussion to the historical context into which he deposited his first important work of poetry.


The choice of language in the poem is a curious one, at least insofar as it can be regarded as somewhat misleading of the work's time of origin. Its composition in 1579 and the poet's declared affection for and indebtedness to the works of Geoffrey Chaucer are facts submerged beneath the linguistic affectations which Spenser felt were necessary to carry the pastoral form. (Bear, 1) Indeed, the prologue which is composed by an otherwise anonymous writer signing as E.K., provides…

Works Cited:

Bear, R.S. (2006). Introduction to Edmund Spenser's the Shephearde's Calendar. The University of Oregon.

Hales, J.W. (2004). The Project Gutenberg EBook of a Biography of Edmund Spenser. Project Gutenberg.

Hamilton, a.C. (1990). The Spenser Encyclopedia. University of Toronto Press.

NNDB. (2008). Edmund Spenser. Soylent Communications. Online at

Visiting Lakewood Church the Place
Words: 1028 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14201307
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In addition, simply from observation, there were people from a vast array of lifestyles present. One way that was obvious was in the attire that people were wearing. Some were dressed in conservative clothing, while a few people were dressed in clothing that could almost be labeled "provocative." In addition, there was a couple who were clearly bikers. There were worshippers of all ages present, though the majority of people seemed to be middle-age or younger.

I can not even begin to estimate how many worshippers were present, but the former stadium was almost full to capacity, which means that there had to have been tens of thousands of worshippers there.

Like many worship services, the service began with music. However, there was no mere choir singing at Lakewood; although a choir did sing, the day also featured a performance by a Christian-music band and a singer whom appeared somewhat…

Russian Mennonites The Writer Explores
Words: 2196 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70709415
Read Full Paper  ❯ aligned themselves with the Octobrist Party because of its guarantee of religious freedoms and freedom of the press for minority groups (the ussian Mennonites ("

Each village generally had its own congregation that was independent of the other ussian Mennonite congregations.

They all agreed on fundamental Mennonite beliefs such as believer's baptism, nonresistance and avoidance of oaths (the ussian Mennonites ( of Flemish congregations read sermons from a book while seated at a table. Frisian pastors stood while delivering the sermon (the ussian Mennonites ("

Pastors of each church were simply members that the congregation agreed to have lead them in their faith and were not paid for their services, which meant they were usually wealthy landowners that did not have to work for a living. They had a significant amount of influence over members of their community, much in the same way today's pastors and rabbis have influence…


Menno Lite: (accessed 3-28-07)

Baptists and Mennonites in Russia (accessed 3-28-07)

Domestic Violence in General and
Words: 2217 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4645116
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(Domestic Violence: Why Does it Happen? And How Can it Be Stopped) pastor or a priest may try and approach a domestic violence issue from a religious perspective, as these are primary for any religious person. The importance of dealing with the concerns for shelter, safety, intervention and treatment may have only secondary consideration. The view may be that once these people set things right with God things will become fine. This view discounts the fact that the other domestic issues are also important. Domestic violence is complicated and potentially dangerous and these ordinary concerns represent immediate and crucial needs. eligious concerns of a priest or pastor could become stumbling blocks or utility resources, when dealing with domestic violence as these concerns are at the core of many people's lives. The results will depend on how these are utilized. (a Commentary on eligious Issues in Family Violence)

In domestic violence…


Davidson, Bob. Domestic Violence: Why Does it Happen? And How Can it Be Stopped. Retrieved at Accessed on 11/27/2004

Domestic Violence. Adopted 36/3 Council 22/23 February 1994. Appendix 3 Council Meeting 22/23. February 1994. Retrieved at  on 11/27/2004

Domestic Violence: An Overview. Facts of Domestic Violence on Children and Teenagers. Mental Health Journal. Retrieved at . Accessed on 11/27/2004

Domestic Violence Fact Sheet. Retrieved at . Accessed on 11/27/2004

Person Account of Attending an
Words: 1398 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85657574
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While I stood with the other parishioners at this church everyone began to clap, snap and rock back and forth to the best church music I have ever heard. Through my African-American studies in college I knew that the music was a combination of hymns and slave songs that have carried over in the faith for more than 200 years., closed my eyes and imagined being a slave and singing those songs outloud and proud 200 years ago while my masters looked on in amazement at the fact I would not bow down. It sent chills up my arms and for a minute was overcome with emotion.

The music was loud and long and it created a mindset that God is all powerful and the light of life. While the church I attended regularly also believed this it did not send the message out in loud screaming songs of praise…

Human Service Agency and Report
Words: 1350 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81559646
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As noted, the agency provides a wide variety of services and programs. They service women and young children in the greater Henry County, GA area. The agency provides counseling for pregnant women, but it also provides support to those mothers who choose to keep and raise their children. They provide everything from baby formula and diapers to maternity clothing, baby clothing, car seats, and cribs to needy families and mothers. It is a full-service organization in that caseworkers are assigned to clients and can advise them throughout the pregnancy and beyond. PC also has counseling available for young mothers who choose to give their babies up for adoption. They also provide links to further educational information, and will counsel young women if they choose to have an abortion, too. They will not perform the abortion, however. They also provide ultrasounds for patients.

Funding is always a challenge in any community…


Author not Available. (2005). Pregnancy resource center of Henry County (PRC). Retrieved from the PRC Web site: Sept. 2005.

Editors. (2005). Choosing abortion. Retrieved from the Planned Parenthood Web site:  Sept. 2005.

Germans Post World War 2
Words: 3058 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75882937
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Germans, Post World War 2

Evil, German attitudes through the Twentieth Century, and humanity

The Second World War has had a terrible impact on society as a whole and it is safe to say that it shaped the way that people perceived the idea of being human and of life in general. Michael Hanake's 2009 motion picture The White Ribbon discusses with regard to a series of events happening in a fictional German village during the era leading to the First World War. While the film discusses ideas that apparently have nothing to do with the Second World War or with the National Socialist ideology, an in-depth analysis would make it possible for someone to find parallels between many of the concepts it contains and values promoted in Nazi Germany.


Haneke's film provides viewers with the image of an apparently perfectly organized village in which everyone is well-acquainted with…


Schwab, Gabriele. Haunting Legacies: Violent Histories and Transgenerational Trauma. ( Columbia University Press, 13 Aug 2013)

Dir. Michael Haneke, The White Ribbon. Filmladen (Austria) X Verleih AG (Germany), 2009.

How to Lead With Jesus
Words: 1861 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56164589
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interviewed the pastor of Grace Life Baptist Church in uby Michigan, USA.

Would you say that your congregation (or the people within your particular department or area of ministry) is "Thinking Like Jesus" (i.e. Unity, Humility, Selflessness) as they interact, serve, and minister to/with each other? How specifically do you as a ministry leader teach, cultivate, and maintain "The Mind of Christ" in your area of ministry?

What we preach to the followers is to be like Jesus and to be like the Lord, one has to think like Him. It is not enough to know the right but also to believe that it as a way of life. Like Jesus, we preach that one should think of the heart and hence the sermon: "as he thinks in his heart, so is he." This essentially means that we should live in our hearts and think in the heart and this…


Abner, Kirk. Thinking Like Jesus. [Place of publication not identified]: Tate Pub & Enterprises Ll, 2013.

Barmen, Emily and Mark Chaves. "Lessons For Multisite Nonprofits From The United Church Of Christ." Nonprofit Management Leadership 11, no. 3 (2001): 339-352.

Laing, Mark. "The Missional Church And Leadership: Helping Congregations Develop Leadership Capacity." Mission Studies 28, no. 1 (2011): 142-143.

Miller, Donald. Blue Like Jazz. Nashville: T. Nelson, 2003.

Black Churches and the Struggle for Civil Rights
Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87522345
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Civil ights: The ole of Black Churches

The audience will understand the role that black churches played in the ongoing Civil ights Movement.

In this speech, I will show that black churches -- through methods of advocacy, spiritual leadership and active participation -- play a significant role in the ongoing Civil ights Movement that began in the mid-20th century and clearly continues on into today's times.

Everyone knows of Martin Luther King, Jr., and the important role he played in the Civil ights Movement. But how many people know about or realized that King was one of many black pastors to bring black churches into the Movement, providing leadership, spiritual nourishment, and advocacy to African-Americans struggling for equality? Or that black churches continue today to be part of that ongoing struggle? Just as black churches are making an impact in cities around the country where communities are torn by racial…


African-American Registry. (n.d.). The Black Churches: A Brief History. AARegistry.

Retrieved from 

Calhoun-Brown, A. (2000). Upon this rock: The black church, nonviolence, and the Civil Rights Movement. PS: Political Science and Politics, 33(2): 168-174.

Dagan, D. (2015). Black churches led the Civil Rights Movement. Can they do it again? The Huffington Post. Retrieved from

Niebuhr Reinhold Niebuhr if There
Words: 1456 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30816663
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" (Bains)

World War II had a tremendous impact on einhold Niebuhr and his theological thinking. In light of the actions of Hitler and the Japanese, his "Christian ealism" theory forced him to re-examine many of his previous views on the world. Niebuhr severed all socialist connections after Hitler and Stalin signed a non-aggression pact in 1939 and was a staunch supporter of America's entry into the war. He viewed sin as part of the world, felt it was more important to have justice in the world than universal love, felt the pacifist movement was unable to stop sin in the world, and that power could be balanced by power. He criticized the members of the pacifist movement for using intellectual arguments to respond to real threats. He claimed that the pacifist and non-interventionists "…shrouded the conflict in an ambiguity that operatively established a 'moral equivalency' between Nazism and the…


Bains, David R. "Conduits of Faith: Reinhold Niebuhr's Liturgical Thought." Church

History 73.01 (2004): 168. Print.

Berke, Matthew. "Print Edition | First Things." Home | First Things. 03 Mar. 2000. Web

01 Mar. 2011.

Stanley Andy and Jones Lane
Words: 551 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 97215536
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The book suffes somewhat fom Stanley's immatue witing style, but is edeemed by bevity and decent oganization. Thee ae no gatuitous chats o gaphs, because the paables speak fo themselves. Visual aids would be totally unnecessay in Communicating fo a Change, and would clutte its pages. What Communicating fo a Change lacks in scientific methodology, it makes up fo in doves of pesonal expeience and expeiential wisdom.

Divided into two pats, Communicating fo a Change oganizes content into theoy and pactice. Thus, the authos do not stop at the stoytelling. The main pemise of the book is that thee ae seven impeatives to effective communication. The fist pat of the book outlines the easoning behind the "impeatives" and thei basic ideas. The second pat of the book pesents the pactical methods by which eades can put those impeatives into pactice. Even abstact ideas such as how to engage an audience…

references to external sources related to communication, such as to the classical theories of rhetoric. At the same time, the anecdotal and informal format of Communicating for a Change makes the book a worthwhile addition to any Christian library.

Philosophy of Descartes and Its
Words: 4086 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74645269
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5. Kant's "Copernican Revolution" in philosophy is in his genius use of the positive aspects of Rationalism (Descartes and so on) and Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley and Hume). How can you argue this out with the help of the "Critique of Pure Reason"?

The human experience of negotiating the universe as it seems to be presented to us is one governed by a great many assumptions. Our education of this process, and in particular our capacity to become adept or even talented in various faculties thereto, is created by experience. In experience, we gain the evolving abilities to relate to objects which we can perceive in our world. However, in order to accomplish this, there are any number of beliefs which must be possessed in us that will create a framework wherein such relating can occur. These beliefs -- and the practical, ideological and physiological experiences which are dependent upon them…

Works Cited:

Berkeley, G. (1994). Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. Arete Press, Claremont, CA.

Hume, D. (1738). A Treatise on the Human Nature. Escuela de Filosofia Universidad ARCIS.

Kidd, S.D. (1988). The Intersubjective Heart. Sorbonne.

Kline, A. (2009). Kierkegaard, Abraham, and the Nature of Faith. Soren Kierkegaard Biography. Online at

2008 Presidential Elections - Mccain
Words: 2256 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 23414383
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S. such as providing affordable healthcare for all, paid for by raising taxes on the wealthy; making a sincere effort for energy independence, and generating more jobs while investing in renewable energy and conservation (Borosage and Heuvel).

America, after decades of its love relationship with Conservatism, topped by eight years of the disastrous Bush presidency that has left the country on the brink of financial collapse and almost universal dislike, was indeed ready for change. it, therefore, decisively rejected the candidate -- McCain -- who promised more of the same and chose the candidate for change.

as the U.S. In Need for Change?

That there was a need for change in the U.S. is a no-brainer. On the domestic front, the U.S. is facing perhaps the most formidable economic meltdown since the Great Depression of the 1930s. In eight short years, the Bush administration has managed to turn a huge…

Works Cited

Borosage, Robert and Katrina Heuvel. "What Obama Needs for Progressive Reform." The Nation. September 01, 2008. November 17, 2008. 

Grunwald, Michael. "For Obama, Race Remains Elephant in the Room." Time Magazine. Monday, Sep. 15, 2008. November 17, 2008.  

Counseling the Broken Hearted -
Words: 3946 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57065322
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" In the process, one learns to see oneself as strong and resilient, courageous, and empowered. Whether the individual can get up and go on and have a happy life after the loss depends on how the person views self

Is he or she a victim or a survivor? A strong person making spiritual progress or weak and debilitated? Whiting & Bradley (2007) argue that there must be an outcome for every loss. Whether the outcome is "reconciliation" or "vulnerability" or "victimization" depends on successful and positive identity reconstruction.

It used to be believed that the grieving individual had to achieve detachment from the person who had died. This was Freud's theory, that "grieving people need to break free from the deceased, let go of the past and reassert their individualism by charting a new course for life.

A healthy grief experience, according to Freud [was] one in which the…


Anderson, R.A. (2006). Immunity and grief. Townsend Letter: The Examiner of Alternative Medicine, 276, 128.

Briggs, C.A. And Pehrsson, D. (2008). Use of bibliotherapy in the treatment of grief and loss: A guide to current counseling practices. Adultspan Journal, 7 (1), 32-43.

Bush, H.K. (2007). Grief work: After a child dies. The Christian Century, 124 (25), 36-40.

Care of the elderly - bereavement: An essential guide (2006). The Practitioner (June 29), 22-29.

Conflicts in Marital Counseling Although
Words: 5050 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54799142
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You can't simply say you're going to integrate the science of psychotherapy with scripture." Moore argues, "because there are only sciences and theories of psychotherapy that are contradictory and incoherent." The implication that pastoral care and counseling and not and have not been Biblical, Vicki Hollon, executive director of the Wayne Oates Institute in Louisville, insists, was creating a false dichotomy. Hollon contends that Southern officials created the proverbial straw man. "And their movement away from science reveals a lack of faith, or at least a fear that somehow science is outside the realm of God's creation and domain." Some secular counselors encourage clients, including those in marital counseling, to refrain from reading the Bible and to stop going to church if that made them feel worse. Stuart Scott, a former pastor and current professor and convert to biblical counseling, became disillusioned with the answers psychology gives. Scott states he…


Briggs, M.K., & Rayle, a.D. (2005). Incorporating Spirituality into Core Counseling Courses: Ideas for Classroom Application. Counseling and Values, 50(1), 63+. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database: 

The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from: /

Vacc, N.A., Devaney, S.B., & Brendel, J.M. (Eds.). (2003). Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations: Strategies for Practitioners. New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database:

Daniel, R.L. (2003). Chapter 10 Counseling Men. In Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations: Strategies for Practitioners, Vacc, N.A., Devaney, S.B., & Brendel, J.M. (Eds.) (pp. 189-207). New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database:

Umc Ordination Full Membership -
Words: 4249 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18918904
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..if you really want the Christ and truly love him, there is nothing that will prevent his coming and taking up his abode with you provided your love for him manifests..." through loving inner spirit of Christ instead only the outside. One may appear to be a Christian yet the Lordship of Christ in the life of the Christian means that present is love, compassion and forgiveness for others. The Christian loves the 'inner spirit of Christ because to desire only the outside of Christ will not allow Christ true Lordship in our lives. Loving the inner spirit of Christ requires loving the spirit of The spirit of forgiveness." (Lindsey-Weinman, 19?


Humanity tends to only: "...desire the outside of Christ..." (Lindsey-Weinman, 19?

-2000) the Christian loves more than simply an image of Christ as 'Lordship of Christ' does not mean loving the image of Christ in his white…


Article I - God (2007) UMC Online available at 

Article V - of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation. (2007) Online the United Methodist Church available at 

Free Grace: The Sermons of John Wesley (1703-1791) Global Ministries: The United Methodist Church. 2007.

Jones, Rev. Dr. Gregory (nd) the Practice of Ministry and Your Understanding of God, Divine Grace, Humanity, the Lordship of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit dean of Duke Divinity School" FIX

Immigration in the U S There
Words: 1168 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68457631
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Pastor categorizes the last century (ending in the 1980s) as falling into several categories, with regard to immigration policy, which he also notes is open for debate, as it is usually done in public debates in Congress and between the executive branch and congress.

While policy during this period may be categorized in many ways, a Latin American perspective suggests four useful divisions...: Defining Limits, 1875-1921; the Classical Special elationship, 1921-1964; From Special elationship to Global Policy, 1965-1978; and the Special Case -- Illegal Migration.

1984, p. 37)

The shift associated with immigration from, European sources to Latin America, and namely Mexico is well documented and determinant of many social issues, including those designated with the legal immigration sphere as well as those designated illegal, by virtue of the manner in which immigration is done. This was also a shift, in that there had been significant movements during and following…


Borjas, G.J. (2001). Does Immigration Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market. 69.

Briggs, V.M. (1995). Mass Immigration, Free Trade and the Forgotten American Worker. Challenge, 38(3), 37.

Briggs, V.M. (1996). Immigration Policy and the U.S. Economy: An Institutional Perspective. Journal of Economic Issues, 30(2), 371.

DeSipio, L., & De la Garza, R.O. (1998). Making Americans, Remaking America: Immigration and Immigrant Policy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.