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The pyramids in Egypt may be one of the most recognizable historical architectural structures on Earth. One of the locations in which these pyramids are located is Giza. In Giza, one can find the Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramid. The Great Pyramid is considered to be one of the best-preserved Seven onders of the Ancient orld. Despite its is grandeur and its location, the Great Pyramid is unlike other pyramids that are located in the Giza necropolis.
The Great Pyramid, also called the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops, is the largest of the three great pyramids that is found in Giza. Originally, the Great Pyramid was about 480 feet high and composed of about 2.3 million stone blocks; each block weighs between 2.5 to 15 tons each and "had to be cut, transported, fashioned, and laid into place by hand" (National Geographic; Parker). Historically,…
Lohner, Franz and Zuberbuhler, Teresa. "Building the Great Pyramid." 20067. Web. 20
National Geographic. "Great Pyramid." Egypt: Secrets of the Ancient World. Web. 20 September
"According to Redford, pharaohs traditionally began building their pyramids as soon as they took the throne. The pharaoh would first establish a committee composed of an overseer of construction, a chief engineer and an architect. The pyramids were usually placed on the western side of the Nile because the pharaoh's soul was meant to join with the sun disc during its descent before continuing with the sun in its eternal round. Added Redford, the two deciding factors when choosing a building site were its orientation to the western horizon where the sun set and the proximity to Memphis, the central city of ancient Egypt" (Science Daily). The entire process was thought out to complete a journey that would extend beyond life.
Most historical experts believe ramps were the mode of building the pyramids up. Donald Redford agrees with the prevailing thought that ramps were used to build pyramids. These ramps…
Brier, Bob. "How to Build a Pyramid." Archaeology. 2007. 60.3. March 03-2011. Web.
EBSCO Resource Database.
National Geographic: "Pyramids." March 03-2011. Web.
" The Evening Standard (London, England), October 7, 2005, 37 http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=5011236624
"WELCOME TO BLING TOWN! Stupendous Skyscrapers, Mountains of Money and a Surreal Sense of Style - Veteran Reporter MICHAEL BUERK Is Dazzled by Dubai Arabia's City of Excess" The Daily Mail (London, England), February 10, 2007, 62 http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=5019361201
http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506319?Charles Green, Sutton Hoo: The Excavation of a Royal Ship-Burial (London: Merlin Press, 1963), 127, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506319
http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=54339630?William H Stiebing, Ancient Astronauts, Cosmic Collisions, and Other Popular Theories about Man's Past (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1984), 131, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=54339630
http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506293?Charles Green, Sutton Hoo: The Excavation of a Royal Ship-Burial (London: Merlin Press, 1963), 101, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506293
http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=103063549?A R David, The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of Pharaoh's Workforce (New York: Routledge, 1996), 104, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=103063549
http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=5011236624?"Touching the Void; Skyscrapers Are Brash Symbols of Money and Masculinity; No Wonder Developers, Architects and Mayors Are Eager to Erect Them But with the Minerva Building…
. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=110182873?Abdalla Abdelaziz Attia, "Cities Spanning the Millennia: Cairo/Alexandria," in Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat: Cities in the Third Millennium (New York: Spon Press, 2001), 284, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=110182873 .
. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5027182576?Cecilia Tortajada, "Challenges and Realities of Water Management of Megacities: The Case of Mexico City Metropolitan Area," Journal of International Affairs 61, no. 2 (2008), http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5027182576 .
. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5021336786?Michael E. Long, "Presidential Temples: How Memorials and Libraries Shape Public Memory," Presidential Studies Quarterly 37, no. 1 (2007), http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5021336786 .
While the pyramids at Giza are the most recognizable, they represent the culmination of architectural developments in Egypt occurring during the Fourth Dynasty. The progenitor of the pyramid was the mastaba, basically a mound with a subterranean chamber containing the sarcophagus of the dead elite. The mastaba also contained a small chapel, a “false door,” and burial shaft leading to the underground burial chamber (Carr, 2014). Around 2780 BCE, Djoser’s architect Imhotep became the first to stack mastabas one on top of the other to form a step pyramid located in Saqqara. The Step Pyramid of Djoser is located near Memphis, on the West Bank of the Nile River, and literally raised the bar for Egyptian regal burial sites. Whereas prior burial mounds were relatively humble in comparison, the step pyramid was a far more grandiose memorial to kings and other members of the Egyptian aristocracy. Thus setting a precedent,…
Carr, J. (2014). Ancient Egypt: evolution of the great pyramids. Wired Cosmos. http://wiredcosmos.com/2014/02/11/ancient-egypt-evolution-of-the-great-pyramids/
“The Egyptian Pyramid,” (n.d.). Smithsonian. https://www.si.edu/spotlight/ancient-egypt/pyramid
Vanderzwet, P. (n.d.). The evolution of the Egyptian pyramid. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/pyramidevolution.htm
The people believed firmly that after death the soul of a man would only live happy if the body received a very special treatment to preserve it from corruption.
For this reason they perfectioned the process of embalming, that transformed the corpses into mummies that were placed in sarcophagus, protected from the exterior elements, such as heat, air and humidity, that might decompose the body. The sarcophagus was decorated according to the social status of the deceased.
In the tomb were stored various objects that they believed he might need in the next life. Animals were also embalmed to serve as companions during the journey to the next world. There was also a papyrus were there were written all the good qualities and deeds of the person, so he could be fairly judged by Osiris, the god of the nether world, in the court of the dead.
During their early…
Verner, Miroslav. The Pyramids: The Mystery, Culture, and Science of Egypt's Great Monuments. New York: Grove Press, 2002
Egypt, secrets of an ancient world." National Geographic 2007, 7 Oct. 2007. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/pyramids/pyramids.html
Rigby, Mark T. "Egyptian pyramids" RIGBY'S WORLD of EGYPT. 2007 7 Oct. 2007. http://homepage.powerup.com.au/~ancient/pyra1.htm
Earthly life was merely an episode on the way to eternity" Miroslav, 2002, p 30
The fact of the matter that people place power and belief in the pyramid itself proclaiming that the pyramid itself is a cure all for their problems
The impossibility to either prove or deny many of these instances of miracle does misplaces the causality of their happening. Mystery contributes to the human mind's desperate attempt to make sense of things that have no logical or obvious cause. Perhaps this is the case in many worshippers of the pyramid. The previous arguments suggesting that power of the pyramid is in fact real and causes humans to react in special or abnormal ways confuses the situation about casualty and result.
Blanket statements that either support or deny the use of pyramid power will both most likely be incomplete and unmoving. Scientific experiment demands that these effects be both repeatable and with certain cause. This is very difficult due to both the esoteric…
"Pyramid Power Theory; Where it Started." Pyramid Power Theory. Viewed on 1 April 2013. Retrieved from http://pyramidpowertheory.wordpress.com/pyramid-power-theory-where - it-started/
Robinson,,C. (2012). Pyramids Over Us All. Scientific Daily, 21 Mar 2011.
Toth, Max. Pyramid Power.1985, Destiny Books.
University of Texas. "Pyramid and Crystal Myths, Powers and Pseudoscience." Viewed on 1 April 2013. Retrieved from https://webspace.utexas.edu/cokerwr/www/index.html/pyracrystal.shtml
Pyramid of Intervention
hat is the purpose of the Pyramid of Intervention?
For students that are struggling in their quest to learn, there are a number of interventions available through various educational channels. One of those interventions is the "Pyramid of Intervention" (POI), and according to professors with the University of South Florida, this pyramid is designed for children who need additional intervention to ensure their continuing development as learners. "A tiered intervention model is an excellent fit with the presumption" -- in the very important period of early childhood -- "that young children…" should be given learning opportunities that take place in the natural environment and in "inclusive settings" in order to meet their needs (Fox, et al., 2009).
Moreover, there has been a need for a particular intervention that addresses the social and behavioral issues young learners go through, and Fox explains that there is a "…substantial body…
Fox, L, Carta, J., Strain, P., Dunlap, G., and Hemmeter, M.L. (2009). Response to Intervention
And the Pyramid Model. University of South Florida / Technical Assistance Center on Social
Emotional Intervention. Retrieved September 18, 2013, from http://nhcebis.seresc.net .
Howery, K., McClellan, T., and Pederson-Bayus, K. (2013). "Reaching Every Student" with a Pyramid of Intervention Approach: One District's Journey. Canadian Journal of Education,
For that reason, I was looking for alternatives and it was good to see that government has included protein-rich peanut butte as one of the alternatives to meat.
The pyramid has been approved by many but also criticized by some. Though the basic structure is one that nutritionists wouldn't be arguing about but critique has focused on category classifications. In the bread category for example, why haven't the whole grain and high fiber been stressed? White bread is not the same as whole grain bread and since Pyramid was all about healthy eating, it should have mentioned whole grain bread instead of just any kind of bread.
Similarly some people wonder where do most food fall. If you go for apple pie for example, would that be classified as sweet dessert or fruit since it contains apples. People are also uncertain about portion sizes and what size is recommended for…
New Food Guide Pyramid. http://www.mypyramid.gov
" (Isaac, et al., 2002)
Isaac et al. (2002) states that within the first phase is three distinct Work Packages as follows: (1) WP1: Development of a conceptual framework and model of human error in ATM; (2) WP2: Development of a methodology (a taxonomy and an associated method of use) based on WP1 for analyzing errors and their causes in ATM incidents and preparation of user guidance material. The review is stated to include the following information sources: (1) human error taxonomies; (2) general psychological models of human performance and error; (3) approaches from other industries; (4) Models of ATM controller performance; and (4) consideration of current future controller task and behavior requirements. (Isaac, et al., 2002) it is stated that the Human Error in ATM taxonomy is inclusive of the following: (1) Human action, behavior, functions and performance; (2) Human error; (3) Framework; (4) Conceptual framework; (5) model; (6)…
Ananyan, Sergei, and Goodfellow, Michael (2004) New Capabilities of PolyAnalysts Text and Data Mining Applied to the STEADES Data at the International Air Transport Association (IATA) http://www.flightsafety.org/gain/IATA_data_mining_report.pdf
Frontline Management (2008) the Knowledge Exchange. Manage Performance and Knowledge. Online available at http://marcbowles.com/courses/frontline/fmd18/fmd18a.htm
While this idea might work very well for most students, there are always students that do not do well with standard instruction and these students are going to need a different type of instructional attitude so that they can succeed. Of course, this does not mean that everything should be changed based on just one or two students in a classroom, but only that the literacy pyramid might not work as well as expected on a broad scale for each and every student.
Students today appear to have more needs than students in the past did, or perhaps it is simply that they are making their needs known more easily or that teachers and others that work in the education profession are becoming more aware of what the students really need from the instruction and interaction that they receive. This is important for both the students and the teachers, because…
adhering to pollution or labor standards). Ethical standards are myriad but some examples can be paying a fair wage, competing fairly, and ensuring that the company does not market a harmful product. Philanthropic refers to the organization's obligations with respect to charity - for example donating some of its revenues to charitable causes, or becoming involved in large charity runs or other significant events.
4. The major social environment factors in business criticism are affluence, education and awareness. Affluence buys the means and the time to criticize. Education provides the basis for understanding the impacts of business. Awareness is taking the time to learn about the issues and apply the education to the cues in the world, reaching conclusions with regards to business activities. Each of these factors supports one another. Education and affluence are correlated, but more importantly the two provide people with the capacity to criticize business. Impoverished…
Thus, spatially, the peacemaking pyramid solution to criminal justice functions as thus: the base of the pyramid is nonviolence, followed by social justice, inclusion, correct means, ascertainable criteria, and on its top categorical imperatives for the system as a whole. But note what a great responsibility this places upon members of the community, whether they be criminals or not, to engage in nonviolent means in what may be a violent society. hile the model may be admirable in its stress upon dialogue, negotiation, and above all conflict resolution, it seems to have little role for the need of victims to seek justice, or of higher government institutions to be involved at lower levels of the process.
Fuller, John. (2001) Criminal Justice: A Peacemaking: Perspective. New York: Allyn…
Fuller, John. (2001) Criminal Justice: A Peacemaking: Perspective. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
ecord the suggested serving numbers to give quantitative values to the categories you will build your diet around.
The diet will be built around eating more fruits and vegetables in comparison to other categories. The most notable include: carbohydrates, fast, dairy / proteins and sweets. At the same time, it is imperative to engage in some form of daily exercise lasting from 30 to 60 minutes. The different serving sizes are: unlimited amounts of fruits / vegetables, 4 to 8 servings of carbohydrates, 3 to 7 servings of protein / dairy, 3 to 5 servings of fat and under 75 calories of sweets. ("Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid," 2014)
In Blackboard in your assignment text box, list the pyramid categories in this order: Vegetables, Fruits, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats and Sweets (also listing your serving numbers beside each category).
Vegetables: unlimited with a minimum of 4 servings daily.
Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid. (2014). Mayo Clinic.org. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/multimedia/mayo-clinic-healthy-weight-pyramid/img-20008111
Holly Bible New International Version. (2007). Lebanon, TN: The Gideon's.
According to the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE), "accreditation is a nongovernmental process conducted by representatives of postsecondary institutions and professional groups. As conducted in the United States, accreditation focuses on the quality of institutions of higher and professional education and on the quality of educational programs within institutions" (Standards of accreditation for post-baccalaureate nurse residency programs, 2008, CCNE). Accreditation is a source of objective evidence from an outside entity that a program meets certain quality and content standards. This is essential for both students and patients. Students make a considerable financial and time investment in their education and need to expect that they can emerge with real skills as well as a diploma upon graduation. They do not have to tools to vet a program before they are accepted. Patients have a right to expect that the nurses who oversee them graduated from high-quality programs. Accreditation serves…
Maslow's hierarchy of needs. (2014). R.N. Retrieved from:
Q4. "The strongest predictor of nurse job dissatisfaction and intent to leave a job is stress in the practice environment" (Paris & Tehaar 2011). Not only is Maslow's hierarchy of needs extremely useful for nurses to better understand their patients: it is also useful for nurses to better understand themselves. Burnout is very common in the nursing profession because nurses do not attend to their own, personal needs. The nurse must recognize that she has physiological and safety needs that must be addressed before accessing the higher needs of social and personal fulfillment on the hierarchy. It is vital that nurses engage in appropriate self-care, ensuring that they get adequate enough healthy food and sleep to be able to treat their patients in a compassionate manner. It is also important that healthcare organizations address the human needs of nurses and do not ignore the need for nurses to take care of their mental and physical health.
inverted pyramid approach for the research, beginning with broad concepts and general themes and increasingly focusing on how rubbish is being used to generate value and reduce the need for new raw materials in commercial societies. The general outline used to collect the relevant data for the essay is as follows:
This section was used to provide an overview of the topic under consideration and provide the reader with an idea concerning what would follow.
This section was used to deliver a review of the relevant literature following the inverted pyramid approach described above.
Finally, this section was used to summarize the research and provide a recapitulation of important findings that emerged from the relevant literature.
The Value of ubbish in a Consumer Society
The adage that "one man's trash is another man's treasure" has never been more relevant than today. Around the world, developed and emerging nations alike…
Curlee, T.R., Schexnayder, S.M., Vogt, D.P., Wolfe, A.K., Kelsay, M.P. & Feldman, D.L.
(1999). Waste-to-energy in the United States: A social and economic assessment.
Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
George, R.M. (1998). Burning down the house: Recycling domesticity. Boulder, CO: Westview
Marketing to the Bottom of the Pyramid
Ethical issues: 7
Social Issues: 7
Market Opportunity: 8
Value for underprivileged: 8
The underdeveloped countries are becoming major emerging markets with a huge potential based on the large populations. The large corporations operating in developed markets also expand in international markets. The multinational companies operating in under developed and developing countries also look for opportunities in the market through a different approach. The key question that needs to be answered is that these markets have different dynamics in terms on consumer preferences, geographical locations, and income at the disposal of a large number of inhabitants. The businesses including major multinational corporations also look for opportunities in establishing their reach and appeal to the locals that are under privileged and in some cases the bottom of the pyramid (BOP) market segment. These underprovided populations not only live under the poverty line but they…
Chikweche, T., & Fletcher, R. (2012). Revisiting the marketing mix at the bottom of pyramid (BOP): from theoretical considerations to practical realities. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 29(7), 507-520.
Kacou, E. (2010). Entrepreneurial Solutions for Prosperity in BoP Markets: Strategies for Business and Economic Transformation. USA: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Kahn, K.B. (2011). Product planning essentials. USA: ME Sharpe.
Rangan, V.K., Quelch, J.A., Herrero, G., & Barton, B. (Eds.). (2007).Business solutions for the global poor: Creating social and economic value. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
John Wooden's Pyramid Of Success In Business
"Wooden has been called the greatest college coach in history thanks to a long list of accomplishments, including a record 10 NCAA Men's Basketball Championship titles. But for him, it's not about the number of wins and losses: It's about how the game is played," says Kristen Edelhauser of Entrepreneur (Edelhauser, 2007, 1). He was truly one of the greatest coaches that ever lived, not only for his victories but also for his stance on leadership within the competitive sport. His design for successful leadership comes from his pyramid of success, which was tinkered with over generations of his experience in the coaching world. Yet, today this pyramid can live on within the business context, as parts of it can be used in order to create the greatest success within modern business aspects.
John Wooden's Pyramid of Success includes 15 steps…
Adler, Lou. (2005). Recruiting and John Wooden's pyramid of success. ERE. Web. http://www.ere.net/2005/12/02/recruiting-and-john-woodens-pyramid-of-success/
Coach John Wooden. (2013). Wooden on leadership. Pyramid. Web. http://www.coachwooden.com/pyramidpdf.pdf
Edelhauser, Kristen. (2007). John Wooden's pyramid still standing. Entrepreneur. Web. http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/176282
Norwood, Robyn. (2010). John Wooden's pyramid stands the test of time. Los Angeles Times. Web. http://articles.latimes.com/2010/jun/13/sports/la-sp-wooden-pyramid-20100613-21
This labor force was effective, unified, and provided a strong centralized state. The pyramids acted not as slave pits, but as political, religious, social, and economic focuses for the people. Laborers believed their own eternity would be won through their service, and although their choices of work and location were based on socioeconomic factors, these individuals were free citizens of the state (David, a.R., 58).
In addition to the peasant labor, there were professional craftsmen and architects whose skills were required for the more finely detailed and skilled areas of the pyramid. These individuals had their own housing area within the barracks, and were treated to slightly nicer conditions than those of the slaves. They were also, some believed paid wages in exchange for their skills, since such skills were learned and honed only through repetition and higher learning, as opposed to the unskilled labor of the peasant force. These…
Baines, J. "Ancient Egypt Timeline." Ancient History: Egyptians. BBC. 10 Nov. 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/timeline.shtml .
Brier, B.A & Hobbs, H. Life of the Ancient Egyptians. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.
Brunes, T. "Introduction: The Historical Background." Journal of the Southwest. 48.4 (2006): 331-332.
David, a.R. The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of Pharaoh's Workforce. New York: Routledge, 1996.
Old Kingdom Egypt
Egypt is known for its cultural and intellectual developments, because the Egyptians were focused on the afterlife. This paper will discuss the religious and cultural role of the pyramids. Funerals were very important to old kingdom Egypt and its conception of immortality. Immortality was the most important goal in the life of an Egyptian, whether they were rich or poor. Old kingdom Egypt began around 2686 BC, when King Menes united lower and upper Egypt and ran unbroken for nearly 3000 years (Koeller, 1999). It was generally run by approximately 30 family dynasties (Underwood, 2004). During this time, many pyramids were built for the rulers when they died. Although the pyramids were spectacular feats of architecture, they were also built for cultural and religious reasons. It was believed that the rulers of old kingdom Egypt were god-kings, and they would ascend from the pyramid after death and…
Koeller, David W. (1999). Old Kingdom Egypt. http://campus.northpark.edu/history/Web Chron/Africa/OldKingdom.html
Lamb, Annette, & Johnson, Larry. (2003). The topic: Ancient Egypt. http://www.42explore2.com/egypt.htm
Tangen, Turid. (1996). Pyramid building begins. http://campus.northpark.edu/history/Web Chron/Africa/Pyramids.html
The Great Egyptian Pyramid (2004). http://www.geocities.com/TheTropics/7210/pyramid.htm
Exploration - Populations
Population pyramids symbolize graphically the age/gender arrangement of a population. Basically is shows how many men and women of a given age or age group are present in the population. They are detailed kinds of histograms, in which the male population is displayed on the left side of the graph, and the female population on the right; the youngest are the base of the pyramid, and the oldest are at its top. The very oldest are generally absent from the representation of the pyramid because it is unfeasible to depict this open-ended interval that includes a few of the oldest-old. Percentages are figured using both sexes combined or the total population as the denominator. A lot can be read from population pyramids as they can trace the history of a populace, as well as project its prospect. In particular, one can deduce the likelihood of population…
Malcom, C. (2012). Types of Population Pyramids. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/list_6370548_types-population-pyramids.html
Population Pyramids. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://healthandrights.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/demography/population_pyramids.html
Population Pyramids 2. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.martinsclass.com/aphug/population-pyramids-2/
BoP Strategy: Advantages and Disadvantages
The expression 'Bottom of the Pyramid' (BoP) is commonly used to refer to the poor; those people who live on no more than two dollars per day (ivera-Santos & ufin, 2012). A pyramid can be used to capture the world's wealth distribution and income-generation capacity, as shown;
Tier 1 Purchasing power parity (U.S. $) Populations in millions
Kacou, E., 2011. Entrepreneurial Solutions for Prosperity in BoP Markets. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
London, T. And Hart, S.L., 2010. Next Generation Business Strategies for the Base of the Pyramid: New Approaches for Building Mutual Value. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: FT Press.
London, T., Hart, S.L. And Kacou, E., 2011. Business Strategies for the Bottom of the Pyramid (Collection). Upper saddle River, New Jersey: FT Press.
Prahalad, C.K., 2009. The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, Revised and Updated 5th Anniversary Edition: Eradicating Poverty through Profits. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: FT Press.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in this article discusses the fact that corporate responsibility is fledgling in protecting employees at Ealing Hospital. The case discusses instances when professionals lost their jobs when stepping forward to report others fur unethical conduct. There is evidence that the hospital has covered up several instances of fraud and attempted to remove those that reported wrongdoing. The Health Secretary, Stephen Dorrell has reported that an investigation will be conducted to review the actions against whistleblowers (Lakhani, 2011).
There are many health colleagues who have come to the aid of those facing unemployment and blacklisting as a result of stepping up. These health professionals are adamant in getting compensation and protection through NHS or the Strategic Health Alliance for histleblowers. That is health professionals willing to put themselves on the line to protect patients and expose gross neglect and waste of taxpayers money (Lakhani, 2011). One…
A.B. Carroll. A Three-dimensional conceptual model of corporate social performance,' Academy of Management Review, Vol. 4, 1979: pp. 497-505.
Hohnen, Paul. 'Corporate social responsibility: an implementation guide for business'. 2007. International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Lakhani, Nina. 'Hung out to dry: scandal of the nhs whistleblowers'.
NHS Corporate Social esponsibility Practice
In a contemporary business environment, organizations are struggling with the new roles to meet the needs of present generation without compromising the needs of future generation. Within a business environment, stakeholders are calling upon corporate organizations to implement operations that will meet the societal values and the natural environment. Organizations are also being called upon to apply principles of corpo-rate social responsibility (CS) in the business operations. Corpo-rate social responsibility (CS) is the process where corporate organizations demonstrate the inclusion of social responsibility and environmental concerns in their business activities. (D'Amato, Henderson, & Henderson, 2009). It is no longer acceptable for a firm to conduct business without demonstrating societal concern.
The objective of this report is to evaluate the current Corporate Social esponsibility practice of National Health Service (NHS). The report uses Carroll's pyramid models to demonstrate the effectiveness of NHS Corporate Social esponsibility practice,…
Bowie, N.E. (1999). Business Ethics and Normative Theories. Black well Publishing. UK.
Burton, B.K., Farh, J.L. & Hegarty, W.H. (2000). Comparison of a Cross-Cultural Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation: Hong Kong vs. United States Students. Teaching Business Ethics, 4(2):151-167.
Carroll, A.B. (1999). Evolution of a Definitional Construct of Corporate social responsibility Business and Society, 38(3): 268-295.
D'Amato, A. Henderson, S. & Henderson, S.(2009).Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Business. CCL Press. USA.
Intuit's New CEO: Steve Bennett
In many ways, Intuit was a classic entrepreneurial success story. Seventeen years after its founding, the company reached $1 billion in sales, was solidly profitable, and its stock price was 40 times FY 2000 earnings. Evaluate the state of Intuit's development prior to Bennett's arrival in early 2000 using the frameworks described in Models of Organizational Growth and Evolution (stages of organizational growth; pyramid of organizational development, the eight hurdles model). What hurdles have they successfully cleared? Where have they stumbled?
Evaluation of the state of Intuit prior to the arrival of Steve Bennett can be in the form of the organizational development and evolution models. This would determine the level or degree of success in relation to the strategies and objectives of the company. The first model to apply in the examination of the situation of Intuit within the economy is the stages of…
Blythe, J., & Zimmerman, A.S. (2005). Business-to-business marketing management: A global perspective. London: Thomson Learning.
Bonham, S.S. (2008). Actionable strategies through integrated performance, process, project, and risk management. Boston: Artech House.
Bygrave, W.D., & Zacharakis, A. (2011). Entrepreneurship. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Mosley, D.C., Pietri, P.H., & Mosley, D.C. (2011). Supervisory management: The art of inspiring, empowering, and developing people. Mason, Ohio: South-Western, Cengage
However, fruit juices, consumed in moderation, can be a healthy addition to a diet, as long as they are not consumed in lieu of actually eating any whole fruits.
My nutritional analysis revealed that I am not eating a balanced diet. I am consuming too much protein and too little fiber, issues that plague the diets of many Americans. To remedy these problems, I need to increase my intake of fruits, vegetables, and grain products, while reducing my intake of meat products. In addition, because my intake of milk products was also low, I need to look at how to increase my milk intake without increasing protein intake.
Here is the food displayed for jjohn90 on 9/10/2008
Select your serving sizes and specify how many servings you consumed for each. When you are done, click Save & Analyze to save your food entry information and to analyze your food…
Any company that is a leader in an industry knows that what they sell had better be both quality and innovative in order to compete within their designated industry. iordan Manufacturing is no different. iordan has long been a company that offers both quality and innovative products in the plastic molding and parts industry. It also has a strong internal structure that works harmoniously with the objectives of the company. Despite iordan's position as a leader in their industry, the company does face some internal challenges, which work against their company objectives. This paper will look at these areas that require improvement, including finance and accounting, training budget, shipping and receiving, human resources, and the new pyramid bottle cap design for The Taylor Group. The paper will utilize the Issue, ule, Analysis and Conclusion (IAC) method in each distinct area.
Finance and Accounting
Issue: One of the chief…
Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility: Technologies: RFID / What is RFID?.
Retrieved on 19 April 2011:
The importance of the decision requires that the information to be analyzed is relevant, complex, and up-to-date. The company can also analyze the experience of competitors in countries like Kenya and Afghanistan. The success of M-Pesa and M-Paisa in these countries recommends destinations like Sudan for an investment in the base of the pyramid countries.
The next step is represented by determining what course of action the company will implement in Sudan. It is recommended that the company's strategy in addressing the Sudanese market is a flexible one. This is intended to help the company resolve the problems that are likely to emerge in an unpredictable market like Sudan.
However, there are several different approaches that can be implemented by the company. The selection must be made by the company's owners and shareholders in collaboration with the departments managers that collected and analyzed the information required for making the decision…
1. Talbot, D. (2009). Nokia Bets on Mobile Payment. Technology Review. Retrieved October 23, 2010 from http://www.technologyreview.com/communications/22379/?nlid=1917&a=f .
Globalization and Social/Human Injustices
Human slavery/sex trafficking
The menace of slavery and trafficking for purpose of sexual exploitation is a menace that greatly neglected or not talked about by the high and mighty yet it is a problem that ravages families on a daily basis. Across the globe, there are people who benefit from the modern day slavery and there are countries that act as source, most of them being the underdeveloped nations where poverty is high and unemployment is also significantly high. These two factors when combined, often push affected families to willingly or otherwise let go of their daughters into the forced labor or sex slavery in more developed nations. The women and children are the most affected groups in the slavery business since they are the most vulnerable in the society. Against the common belief that slavery is obsolete, the opening up of more borders and easy…
Buchholz T.G., (2007). New Ideas from Dead Economists. An Introduction't Modern Economic Thought. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://www.docdroid.net/miuc/newideas-deadeconomists.pdf.html
French H.W., (2013). The Not-So-Great Professor: Jeffrey Sachs' Incredible Failure to Eradicate Poverty in Africa. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://www.psmag.com/navigation/books-and-culture/smart-guy-jeffrey-sachs-nina-munk-idealist-poverty-failure-africa-65348/
Gates Foundation, (2012). Theo Sowa: We Need the Voices of African Women-TEDxChange. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfIQgPb7pQs
ForaTv, (2008). Muhammad Yunus: The Social Business Model. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0C3XQ3BTd4o
Redbox has built its success based on a sound business model, but has jeopardized this success by implementing business practices that upset its suppliers, such as selling new release DVDs for as little as $7 two weeks after release (RedOrbit, 2009). ithout the financial strength to battle the upset suppliers, Redbox has been forced to make concessions that remove some of its competitive advantages in the marketplace. This highlights the importance of building good channel relations in an industry where your suppliers provide the product that your customers really want.
The Internet strategy of Redbox is another area where the company is both strong and weak. Its reservation system is a source of strength, providing a service that customers find valuable. However, the fact that Redbox is well behind Netflix in movie streaming does not bode well for the company's future. Redbox, therefore, is a company that has some…
"Building Trust." In possession of the author.
Fritz, B. (2011). Shares of Redbox parent plunge 27% on earnings warning. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 10, 2011 from http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jan/15/business/la-fi-ct-redbox-20110115
Newman, J. (2011). Redbox readies streaming Netflix rival, but why? PC World. Retrieved April 10, 2011 from http://www.pcworld.com/article/219983/redbox_readies_streaming_netflix_rival_but_why.html
Pearson, S. & Milford, P. (2009). Coinstar's Redbox sues Warner unit over video terms. Bloomberg. Retrieved April 10, 2011 from http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=apskdfBT_Zms
Both the government and the company failed to ensure that employees suffer as least as possible for the company's difficulties. This means that ethical responsibilities towards employees were not put into practice. Although Carroll rates ethical responsibilities on the third line of the CS pyramid, it is not appropriate to rate economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic responsibilities with different importance. Each of them should be treated with the same importance, developing a strategy that manages to address each type of responsibility. Carroll's view on CS, mainly referring to the pyramid he developed, is considered by some as a limited approach (Visser, 2005).
3. In the MG over case, it is obvious that the government was surpassed by the situation and by the private players involved in this business. The government was unable to help the company maintain its activity and most of its employees, and this was admitted by the…
1. Carroll, a. (1991). The Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility: Toward the Moral Management of Organizational Stakeholders. Business Horizons. Retrieved February 10, 2010 from http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/dunnweb/rprnts.pyramidofcsr.pdf .
2. Visser, W. (2005). Revisiting Carroll's CSR Pyramid. The University of Nottingham. Retrieved February 10, 2010 from http://www.waynevisser.com/chapter_wvisser_africa_csr_pyramid.pdf.
3. Pichet, E. (2008). Enlightened Shareholder Theory: whose interests should be served by the supporters of Corporate Governance? BEM -- Bordeaux Management School. Retrieved February 10, 2010 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1262879 .
4. Smith, J. (2003). The Shareholders vs. Stakeholders Debate. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved February 10, 2010 from http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/articles/2003/summer/44411/the-shareholders-vs.-stakeholders-debate/ .
The localized supply chains are also critically important for better understanding how market requirements change over time in OP-based regions and nations of the world. The many steps required to create an effective supply chain in a given OP-based region differ drastically from creating one in a more affluent region of the world. The focus on speed and transactions and the ability to increase velocity is the priority in these markets. In OP-based nations the perspective shifts to understanding the dynamics of the market first, and then using these insights to create local competitive advantage. These lessons learned, specifically in the case of SAMiller and others lead to a more effective supply chain formation, management and optimization strategy over the long-term.
Creating and executing effective Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs that serve as market frameworks, defining and executing more effective direct Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) strategies with host nations…
Chattopadhyay, Subho and a.K. Sarkar. 2011. "Market-Driven Innovation for Rural Penetration." IUP Journal of Business Strategy 8 (3): 42-52.
Gouillart, Emily. 2008. "An Interview with C.K. Prahalad." Journal of International Affairs 62 (1): 215-227.
Kennedy, Carol. 2004. "The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid." Director, 36-36.
Prahalad, C.K. 2004. "Why Selling to the Poor Makes for Good Business." Fortune, Nov 15, 70-72.
4. Explain each of Samuel Huntington's 8 cultural paradigms. What does this model for culture and civilization around the world have to do with terrorism? What are the implications for law enforcement if terrorism has deeper roots -- namely, rooted in a clash of civilizations? Also, what are the implications for American foreign policy in terms of our efforts to thwart terrorism?
First, the post-Cold War reorganization of nations causes conflicts between and among the resulting civilizations left after national fracturing. Second, the continued promotion by the West of quasi-Western values and political philosophy on the rest of the world antagonizes non-Western civilizations. Third, the deterioration of economic, military, and political power of the West facilitates increased resistance of other nations, such as in the Far and Middle Eastern societies (i.e. China and Islamic countries) to follow the international order established by the West in previous eras and to combine…
History Of Egypt
Civilization Emerges in the Nile Valley 2-3
The Age of the Pharaohs (3200 CE - 30 CE) 3-4
ritish Colonial Rule (1914-1954) 4-5
Modern Egypt (1954 -- Present Day) 5-6
Conclusion & Suggestions
Egypt has always remained one of the most intriguing areas on the planet, with historians, archaeologists and laymen alike flocking to the country on a steady basis throughout the last two centuries to indulge their curiosity and explore the heart of human civilization. The home of iconic monuments built by the world's first civilizations -- including the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx and a wide assortment of temples and ruins -- Egypt has come to represent the age of humanity's emergence for modern society. The age old cities of Cairo, Alexandria and Luxor have become modernized during the last century, but visitors and residents to Egypt have come to recognize the nation's seemingly…
Fouberg, Erin H.; Murphy, Alexander B. (4 December 2009). Human Geography: People, Place,
and Culture. John Wiley & Sons. p. 91.
Issawi, Charles. (1961). Egypt since 1800: A study in lop-sided development. The Journal of Economic History, 21(1), 1-25.
Janick, J. (2000, October). Ancient Egyptian agriculture and the origins of horticulture.
Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.
2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.
The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.
3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these…
Baker, L. 2002. "Managed care, medical technology, and the well-being of society," viewed 21
February 2011, < http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12055455 >
Carlson, Gail. 2009. "Managed Care Understanding Our Changing Health Care System," viewed
21 February 2011,
ather than propping up "bad blood" and allowing the "illusion" of wealth to continue to be fostered, the Federal eserve should allow the market to flush out the "bad blood" and operate the way it is intended.
In conclusion, the good that the Federal eserve does is to monitor economic policy, encourage maximum employment and long-term stability. The way it does so, however, especially in times of crisis such as the world is currently experiencing is highly criticized by economists who do not support managerial decisions made by Bernanke and others. As on Paul states, the Federal eserve could better itself by putting an end to fractional reserve banking and allowing institutions, which are filled with bad debt, to collapse rather than continuing to prop them up at taxpayers' expense. Doing so only helps bring down the value of the dollar, which it is supposed to protect.
Halloran, M. (2009). Systemic Risks and the Bear Stearns Crisis. The Road Ahead for the Fed. CA: Hoover Institution Press.
Kohn, D. (2009). Monetary Policy in the Financial Crisis. The Road Ahead for the Fed.
CA: Hoover Institution Press.
Mission. (2009). Federal Reserve. Retrieved from http://www.federalreserve.gov/aboutthefed/mission.htm
For Tresemme, for example, the color scheme and general layout of the package is consistent with other Tresemme products and is not specific to the dry shampoo product.
Packaging -- Recommended
Given that the pricing need not change, the package size does not need to change either. The layout and color tone are dictated by the overall branding of Tresemme so are going to be difficult to change. Two aspects of the packaging can change, however. The first is the shape of the package, which should be changed to convey to the consumers that this is a different product from Fresh Start. The second is that the package should have a different name (not Fresh Start) and should impress upon the consumer that it is a new product. The new selling proposition "unique" should also be incorporated into the text of the packaging.
Target Market -- Recommendations
It is recommended…
Amazon.com. (2013). Retrieved April 15, 2013 from http://www.amazon.com/TRESemme-Fresh-Start-Shampoo-Dry/dp/B0037LKIAG/ref=sr_1_2?s=beauty&ie=UTF8&qid=1365976478&sr=1-2&keywords=tresemme+fresh+start
Riley, J. (2012). Brand positioning and market mapping. Tutor2U.net. Retrieved April 19, 2013 from http://www.tutor2u.net/business/marketing/brands_positioning.asp
Product, Branding, and Packaging
Increase Market Share
Additionally, it has been observed that whenever companies implement strategies of CS, they do this not out of individual choice and desire, but as a result of imposed legislations. "All of these decisions are made under the mandatory legal rules embodied in employment and labor law, workplace safety law, environmental law, consumer protection law, and pension law. Such rules, because they often apply to all businesses, are not susceptible to easy evasion through choice of form. As a result, those charged with governing a corporation find their decision tree considerably trimmed and their discretion decidedly diminished by mandatory legal rules enacted in the name of protecting stakeholders" (Winkler, 2005). In other words, the modern day evolutions of corporate social responsibility "caution against a rush to declare the ultimate triumph of shareholder primacy" (Winkler, 2005).
As a direct result of this changing legislation, more companies have commenced corporate social responsibility programs.…
Akerstrom, a., 2009, Corporate governance and social responsibility: Johnson & Johnson, GRIN Verlag, ISBN 364045605X
Boyd, C., 2003, Human resource management and occupational health and safety, Routledge, ISBN 0415265908
Conley, J.M., Williams, C.A., 2005, Engage, embed and embellish: theory vs. practice in the corporate social responsibility movement, Journal of Corporation Law, Vol. 31, No. 1
Greenwald, R., 2005, Wal-Mart: the high costs of low price (documentary available on DVD)
" (p. 164) the army of Charles was defeated in this battle however, it was not destroyed. The total loss of life in this campaign for each side of the battle was astronomical.
The work of Lieutenant Colonel Herman L. Gilster entitled: "Robert E. Lee and Modern Decision Theory" published in the Air University Review (1972) states in the attle of Chancellorsville, in Virginia in May 1863 involved a battle between the Union Army of the Potomac, headed by Major General Joseph L. Hooker and the Army of Northern Virginia, led by General Robert E. Lee. Specifically stated is:
During the campaign, Lee, with a force approximately half the size of Hooker's, repulsed the North's advance into Virginia and achieved a strategic victory that has been studied by students of military art throughout the world. However, today's critics of the quantitative-oriented decision tools being used by our military services…
Alexander, Bevin (2007) How the South Could Have Won the Civil War. Online available at: www.bevinalexander.com/books/how-the-south-could-have-won.intro.htm.
Bell, Jason (2006) Lost Triumph: Lee's Real Plan at Gettysburg - and why it failed" Army Lawyer 1 Aug 2006. Online available at http://www.encyclopedia.com/printable.aspx?id=1G1:155294558
C.H. Lanza, ed., Napo/eon and Modern War. His Mi/itary Maxims (Harrisburg, PA: Military Service Publishing Co., 1949), Maxim 77. In Ross (1985)
Carhart, Tom (2005) Lost Triumph: Lee's Real Plan at Gettysburg and Why it Failed.
Fertile Crescent could be addressed as both a geographical location and as symbolic terminology. Ultimately, both options unite to refer to the region in the Middle East also identified as the cradle of civilization. Stretching in the shape of an arc from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates, the region encompasses an ancient fertile land which is said to have stood at the basis of man's evolution. Nature's contribution to the evolutionary steps of humanity was rendered indefinite which is why ancient rites sought to prevent and otherwise control the unpredictable forces. Personifying natural phenomenon enabled mankind's link to the divine forces. For the Sumerians, fertility was not ensured by one single god or goddess, rather it came about as a cooperative result of all the forces of nature. Fertility rites often encompassed sexual rituals which were sought to bring about fertility of the land. Sexuality thus was religiously…
The Epic of Gilgamesh, translated by Andrew George (London, New York, Victoria, Toronto, New Delhi, Auckland, Johannesburg: Penguin Books, 1999).
Travelling and Tourism contributes to U.S. Economy
How travelling and tourism contribute to U.S. economy
United States Department of Commerce
Commerce Department Data Show U.S. Travel and Tourism Exports Contributed $87.1 Billion to U.S. Economy in First Six Months of 2013
The official website of the U.S. Department of Commerce takes keen interest in finding who enters the country for the purpose of traveling and tourism and what is the impact of traveling on the economy of the country. The department oversees International Trade Administration. It is found that the international investors contribute multibillions to the economy of country every year. During the month of June this year, the international investors contribute about $14.6 billion. The contribution is increasing every year and from June 2012 to June 2013, the investment increased about 5%. The role of international travelers and tourists is positive on the economy of USA. Only…
Guido, C., and Paolo, F. "The Economics of Tourism Destinations," Springer. (2012).
International Trade Administration. Year-to-date U.S. travel and tourism exports contribute $72.6 billion to the U.S. economy, (2013). Retrieved from: http://trade.gov/press/press-releases/2013/year-to-date-us-travel-and-tourism-exports-contribute-72-billion-to-the-us-economy-071013.asp
Independent. Keeping nine per cent rate good for jobs, tourism and economy, (2013). Retrieved
GE Healthcare (A): Innovating Emerging Markets ead case study titled "GE Healthcare (A): Innovating Emerging Markets" Write a page paper: Determine (2) emerging trends external environment prompted General Electric (GE) Healthcare develop a strategy production marketing a low cost Electroencephalography (EEG) machine bottom pyramid markets (BOP).
GE Healthcare (A): Innovating for emerging markets
India's population of patients with serious heart-related conditions is rapidly expanding: as unfortunate as the statistic that over 80% of heart-related deaths now occur in the developing world may be, from General Electric's perspective this was an opportunity it could capitalize upon. There was clearly a need for new medical devices to screen for and treat these conditions. However, when developing a new low cost electroencephalography (EEG) device, GE was acutely aware of the fact that it would have to adjust its approach to the unique needs of the foreign marketplace it wished to enter: it could…
Singh, J. (2011). GE Healthcare (A): Innovating for emerging markets. INSEAD.
Rather, the Union argues, Washington was ill-informed in its preparations for the campaign. Furthermore, the paper condemns Washington for seeking to force the removal of the Modocs from their native country in which they co-exist successfully with the whites.
Another example of the paper being protective of the military occurs on January 10, 1873, when the army was having little success flushing the Indians out of 'Lava Bed.' The Army cavalry was made to retreat after an attempted advance. The Union described this failed mission in a five sentence article. The last sentence of the article noted that the Army was expecting the arrival of Howitzer guns the following week. The title of the article, did not reference the failed offensive, but instead read was The Modoc War- The Howitzers Coming.
Most of the articles give daily updates as to the war. If there was any combat the previous day,…
"The Modocs: A Blundering War," Sacramento Daily Union, May 12, 1873
"Massacre of Modoc Prisoners," Sacramento Daily Union, June 10, 1873
"The Modocs," Sacramento Daily Union, June 6, 1873
Yaxuna, a city founded during the Middle Preclassic period, around 500 B.C., was a subordinate city. Just because it was a subordinate, however, it was strategically important. Linking the large central cities with the Northern metropolises, in addition to occupying an important position along a central trade route, Yaxuna quickly became pulled back and forth by the struggling major powers (Shuler and Freidel, 1998: 29). Although less powerful than some of its geographically distant peers, Yaxuna was the largest city in the central northern lowlands (Shuler and Freidel, 1998: 30). The city was torn apart at least twice due to trans-peninsula warfare. Although Yazuna did not have diplomatic relations with Chichen Itxa, its powerful neighbor to the far north, it did share diplomatic relationships with several other northernmost cities. Its place in the Mayan world, however, seemed to be dictated by power struggles and warfare, a pawn in the struggle…
Each of these "divine lords" appeared to share the same rank over their kingdoms, but evidence suggests that some cities, those with larger populations, held significant sway over other cities. This information is supported both by the vast degree of centralized projects, such as pyramids and roads, as well as the Mayan language, which clearly makes room for a superior-subordinate type relationship (Martin and Grube, 1995: 42). Large cities were dominating forces in Mayan regional centers, while smaller cities made ties with these forces to create alliances that shared similar enemies. Patterns of warfare in Mayan cities followed these conglomerations of alliances and enemies (Martin and Grube, 1995: 42).
Yaxuna, a city founded during the Middle Preclassic period, around 500 B.C., was a subordinate city. Just because it was a subordinate, however, it was strategically important. Linking the large central cities with the Northern metropolises, in addition to occupying an important position along a central trade route, Yaxuna quickly became pulled back and forth by the struggling major powers (Shuler and Freidel, 1998: 29). Although less powerful than some of its geographically distant peers, Yaxuna was the largest city in the central northern lowlands (Shuler and Freidel, 1998: 30). The city was torn apart at least twice due to trans-peninsula warfare. Although Yazuna did not have diplomatic relations with Chichen Itxa, its powerful neighbor to the far north, it did share diplomatic relationships with several other northernmost cities. Its place in the Mayan world, however, seemed to be dictated by power struggles and warfare, a pawn in the struggle between larger powers (Shuler and Freidel, 1998: 29-30).
While Yaxuna's role in the Mayan world certainly suggested its importance, as well as shedding light on a complex political system, it was, by no means, unique. In Mesopotamia, the city of Mashkan-shapir shared a role similar to Yaxuna's. Like Yaxuna, Mashkan-shapir was politically and geographically in the middle of two warning cities, Isin and Larsa. Although Mashkan-shapir was founded near the third millennium B.C., it was not until 2000, when these power struggles began, that the city gained much importance. Also like Yaxuna, Mashkan-shapir was an important economic center. In fact, after Larsa's victory, Mashkan-shapir kept its position of importance, eventually gaining the status of a second capital city for the region (Stone and Zimansky, 1995: 120). Thus, Yaxuna teaches archeologists and students of history much about power in ancient civilizations. The Mayan power struggles remind students of history that polarity issues between viable hegemons have always existed, even before modern statehood. The existence of areas of Yaxuna and Mashkan-shapir teach students that minor cities and alliances have always been important in these struggles for power.
The cultures shifted from a primarily agrarian economic base to one that used metal as a means to craft practical and ritual objects. In addition to the ritual cauldrons that were emblematic of the Xia dynasty, other uses of advanced metallurgical techniques include the manufacturing of "jue," vessels used to hold a grain alcohol beverage commonly translated as "wine," (Class unit: 12). In fact, bronze objects were cast en masse during the Xia and Shang dynasties (Class unit: 12). Warfare over metals, especially tin and copper, transformed the balance of power in the region (Class unit: 12). Commoners were frequently conscripted for military service during the Shang dynasty ("The Evolution of Complex Societies in China,": 446). Bronze casting allowed Shang rulers to have access to advanced weaponry. Their bronze weapons, their centralized leadership, and their control over a large number of peasant soldiers enabled the Shang to become the first…
The Evolution of Complex Societies in China,"
Abuse of power also adds to the list.
In regard to the remedies that may be used in taking care of unfair prejudice. It is therefore evident that the Companies Act 2006 has several changes that are relevant to the protection of the shareholder. The most relevant parts being sections 994 and 996
Creditor protection is noted by Bachner (2009) as an important element of every company. The changes contained in the Companies Act 2006 are noted to affect the area of creditor protection within the UK companies.
The UK's Department of Business Innovations and Skills (2007) indicated that the UK government via BE had resorted to amending the Companies Act 1985 as well as the one for 2006 in order to reflect the elements of creditor protection of the new Directive. The particular focus was on shifting the burden of proof from the firms to the creditor…
Aguilera, R.V. & Jackson G., (2003).Corporate Governance: Dimensions and Determinants
28 Academy of Management Review 447
Ashfords (2010). Guide to Unfair Prejudice Against Shareholders
The Louvre, an architectural masterpiece, has dominated central Paris since the late 12th century. The original structure was gradually dwarfed as the city grew. The dark fortress of the early days was transformed into the modernized dwelling of Francois I and, later, the sumptuous palace of the Sun King, Louis XIV. My online tour of the Louvre allowed me to take a virtual, self-guided, room-by-room tour of the museum. The web site allows navigation through exhibition rooms and galleries and allows one to contemplate the facades of the museum. The first thing one sees before entering the museum is the garden, a delight during any season of the year. It is the perfect place for a relaxing stroll and it offers a range of activities for visitors.
There are more than ten sections in the museum for different kinds of art from all around the world including…
Marketing Channels and Methods -- the New Svelte Shape of McDonald's
Objectives & Mission Statement
Although McDonald's latest advertising slogan, as proclaimed on its 2005 website, is "I'm lovin' it," (McDonald's Official ebsite, 2005), shareholders in the fast food company have not be equally enamored of its current stock performance and plummeting sales. (The Rogue Investor, 2005) Thus, the objectives of the new McDonald's marketing campaign must be to undo some of the economic and public relations damage done to the company by the negative press generated by the success of Morgan Spurlock's film 'Supersize Me.' Over the course of the year, McDonald's wishes to gain a greater percentage of the revenue of the current fast food market than its most prominent burger-oriented competitors endy's and Burger King. McDonald's also wishes to gain some of the type of positive media as generated by the sandwich chain Subway. The Subway Diet…
Bauman, Valerie. (11 Aug 2005) "People try to lose weight at McDonalds." AP Wire. Accessed on AOL on 22 Aug 2005 at http://aolsvc.news.aol.com/news/article.adp?id=20050811163009990002
Burger King. (2005) Official Website. Retrieved 11 Sept 2005 at http://www.haveityourway.com/
Collins, Luke. (2002) "Chips are down for Burger Giants" MCD: McDonald's Corporation News and Articles. Retrieved 27 Aug 2005 at http://www.licenseenews.com/news/news134.html
Daft, R.L. (1997). Management. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press.
it are very important to avoid any form of misconception when it comes to violence in schools.it is also important to ensure that trust is built between adults and students.it is also necessary to build an interdisciplinary as well as trained threat assessment team (NASP esources, 2013).
There has been an increase in the number of juvenile gangs that are being formed. The gang problem is one which is continuing to grow within the community, it is important to find out the factors which drive juveniles into joining gangs. Joining gangs is consists of both pulls and pushes. The pulls entail the attractiveness of gangs. These include prestige associated with gang membership from friends. The gangs also provide attractive opportunities such as chances of excitement through selling drugs and getting money. Therefore most juveniles end up choosing to join gangs. There is some social .cultural or economic forces…
American Psychological Association. (2013).Warning signs of youth violence. Retrieved June 30, 2013 from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/warning-signs.aspx#
NASP Resources (2013).Threat Assessment: Predicting and Preventing school violence. Retrieved June 30, 2013 from http://www.nasponline.org/resources/factsheets/threatassess_fs.aspx
Hiring and etaining Quality Employees
This is basically going out there for the best in the market, bringing them on board by hiring their services. But again hiring the best is not enough; retaining them is a much bigger task that many find it very difficult. This concept further entails going out in the labor market and recruiting quality employees whose portfolios speak for themselves .This requires one to exercise very rigorous interviews in which the best and not just experienced but result oriented employees get hired and given attractive packages that will not only boost their morale at work but also motivate them to increase their productivity and stay longer in the company. This is a very vital topic to research on because its findings are very important for any company that intends to go beyond borders and break through the international market.
Current esearch on the…
Bridgestar (2009) Flexible Work Arrangements: A Win-Win for Organizations and Employees
Milkovich, Newman & Gerhart. (1999) Compensation: (10th Ed.) Sage: USA
Montelongo, P. (2007). Retaining Quality Employees
Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.
2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.
3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.
4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.
The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…
Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.
Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.
Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.
Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
Staircase ramps which are comprised of steep and narrow steps that lead up one face of the pyramid were more in use at that time with evidence found at the Sinki, Meidum, Giza, Abu Ghurob, and Lisht pyramids respectively (Heizer).
A third ramp variation was the spiral ramp, found in use during the nineteenth dynasty and was, as its name suggests, comprised of a ramp covering all faces of the pyramids leading towards the top. Reversing ramps zigzag up one face of a pyramid at a time and would not be used in the construction of step pyramids, while lastly interior ramps that have been found within the pyramids of Sahura, Nyuserra, Neferifijata, Abusir, and Pepi II (Heizer, Shaw).
Ancient Greek architecture exists mainly in surviving temples that survive in large numbers even today and is tied into Roman and Hellenistic periods which borrowed heavily from the Greeks.…
Ackerman, J.S. "Architectural Practice in the Italian Renaissance." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (1954): 3-11.
Alchermes, Joseph. "Spolia in Roman Cities of the Late Empire: Legislative Rationales and Architectural Reuse." Dumbarton Oaks Paper (1994): 167-178.
Allen, Rob. "Variations of the Arch: Post -- and lintel, Corbelled Arch, Arch, Vault, Cross-Vault Module." 11 August 2009. Civilization Collection. 5 April 2010 .
Anderson, James. "Anachronism in the Roman Architecture of Gaul: The Date of the Maison Carree at Nimes." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (2001): 68-79.
This was done so that the flag would stand out from the flagpole... The bar was also not quite the full width of the flag, so that it was slightly furled to give a 'wave look' to it." (Red Zero, 2003) Other complaints, such as mismatched shadows in the moon-landing photographs also seem to have simpler explanations. While having a photo being faked does seem to simply explain multi-angled shadows, allowing that the rough ground alters the lay of shadows is even simpler. So it would be possible to generally apply Occam's Razor and say that evidence points to the moon landings being real, even though faking the landing would be easier than actually doing it.
Cosnette, D. (2003) the faked Apollo landings. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.ufos-aliens.co.uk/cosmicapollo.html.
Easton, K. (2002) Occam's Razor. Paranormality.com: the a to Z. Of paranormal, supernatural and unusual phenomena. Retrieved September 30, 2004…
Cosnette, D. (2003) the faked Apollo landings. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.ufos-aliens.co.uk/cosmicapollo.html .
Easton, K. (2002) Occam's Razor. Paranormality.com: the a to Z. Of paranormal, supernatural and unusual phenomena. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.paranormality.com/occam's_razor.shtml
Kaku, Michio. (1995) Hyperspace: a scientific odyssey through parallel universes, time warps and the tenth dimension. New York: Anchor.
Marrs, J. (1997) Alien agenda: investigating the Extraterrestrial presence among Us. New York: HarperPaperbacks
Whether this is in fact the case will be explored in the next section.
The Case for Mayan Culture
Researchers that do not agree with Haug and others argue that the Mayan culture has continued throughout history and has been passed down to individuals that are still alive today within areas of Central America. There is some agreement regarding this between various researchers that have studied Mayan culture, rituals, and architecture. Certainly, the pyramids that the Mayans built are still around today and can be seen as monuments to the Mayan people and the lives that they lived. While it is impossible to know everything about a people that died out hundreds of years ago, much has been determined about the Mayan culture and lifestyle through a study of artifacts that are still in existence.
What many people do not realize, however, is that what is left of the Mayan…
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20). Distractions, whether a simple as a cell phone or as complex as an interpersonal relationship, not only keep one out of the present, as Wooden argues, but also distance the individual from the team as a whole by dividing the individual's attention (Collins, 2012, p. 22). Though a seemingly minor point, the importance of shutting out distraction is highlighted by Wooden's belief that it is team cohesion which unites and multiplies the individual players' abilities. Furthermore, the ability to stay alert, present, and engaged with the team can serve to alleviate the anxiety that arises from competition, because the individual will better function as a seamless element of the team, rather than a lone actor attempting to force him or herself into the flow of the game (Collins, 2012, p. 22).
Because of Wooden's straightforward style and the way he manages to pair down the findings of peer-reviewed research…
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Hansen, B., Wade, G., & Hamel, T. (2003). Successful coaches' views on motivation and motivational strategies. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 74(8), 44-
The Architecture of the Maya
Deep in the tangled rainforests of Guatemala and the Yucatan, the Maya made some of the greatest contributions to world architecture. Their stone cities complete with temples, palaces, tombs, and ball courts are fitting monuments to the complex, and highly sophisticated civilization that existed in these regions many centuries before the arrival of the Spanish. Mayan priest-astronomers made elaborate calculations to catalog the passage of time. Great warrior kings immortalized themselves and their deeds on stelae, recording for future generations the contributions they had made toward maintaining the cosmic order. The Maya were the only Pre-Columbian people to ever have invented a complete system of writing. Their glyphs, only recently translated, reveal a people concerned above all with the maintenance of a grand cosmic order. It was an order that was based upon cycles of time - the reason for the…
http://www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=91864073"Baldwin, Neil. Legends of the Plumed Serpent: Biography of a Mexican God. New York: PublicAffairs, 1998.
Carter, Milton. Mayan Religion. Unicoi, TN: University of East Tennessee: 26 April 1996 www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=97622794"Gossen, Gary H., ed. South and Meso-American Native Spirituality: From the Cult of the Feathered Serpent to the Theology of Liberation. New York: Crossroad, 1993.
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Inomata, Takeshi, and Houston, Stephen D. Royal Courts of the Ancient Maya. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000. Kowalski, Jeff Karl, ed. Mesoamerican Architecture as a Cultural Symbol. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
elics of the Mexican evolution
There are numerous facets of Mexican culture and civilization represented in the Mexican Teotihuacan monument. An analysis of these different elements indicates that some of the goals of the revolution are embedded within this particular work. It renders various members of Mexican society who have a critical impact on both Mexico's history as well as its future. In this regard, the monument is of immense important to Mexico, because it helps to illustrate some of that country's glorious past -- and alludes to the impact that past could have on both its present and its future.
It is critical to denote that some of the more stark representations of this monument are from Mexico's pre-Hispanic past. Numerous people, some of whom are Mexican, attribute Mexico's present existence to the work that the conquistadores pioneered in this area during their global colonial rampage. There are myriad…
Hearn, K. (2016). Who built the great city of Teotihuacan? http://science.nationalgeographic.com / Retrieved from
It consists a series of successively smaller platforms which lifted to a height of about 64 feet, and was constructed with a solid core of mud-brick covered by a thick skin of burnt-brick to guard it from the forces of nature (Burney). The Ziggurat's corners are oriented to the compass points, with walls sloping slightly inwards (Molleson and Hodgson) .
The Ziggurat of Ur was a component of a temple building complex that serviced the urban center as an administrative hub. Additionally, in terms of spirituality, it was believed to be the site on earth that the moon god Nanna (the patron deity of Ur) had selected to inhabit. Nanna was shown as a wise and unfathomable old man, complete with a flowing beard and four horns in number. A single shrine crowned the summit of the ziggurat (Faiella). This was purportedly the bedchamber of the god, and was occupied…
The other structures of Teotihuacan use the same architectural language in varying forms and to differing scales. Residential buildings stand upon platforms and are arranged around depressed courtyards; palaces follow a pattern of low buildings arranged around columned patios, creating a unified, enclosed form; ceremonial structures use the talus-and-tablero profile and large flat platforms. The earliest period of construction was the most austere, with little decoration, but later structures - from around 300 a.D. - are marked by decorative friezes and other sculpture, and traces of painted decoration.
The architectural influence of Teotihuacan can be seen throughout Central America in the Classic period and later. The economic importance of the city was echoed in its cultural and religious influence, seen in the wide dissemination of the Feathered Serpent, originating with Teotihuacan's Quetzalcoatl, as a symbol of religious and political authority throughout Mesoamerica. The basic form of the Teotihuacan temples,…
Adams, Richard E.W., Ancient Civilizations of the New World (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997)
Headrick, Annabeth, Rex Koontz and Kathryn Reese-Taylor, Landscape and Power in Ancient Mesoamerica (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001).
Kowalski, Jeff Karl, Mesoamerican Architecture as Cultural Symbol (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Kubler, George, the Art and Architecture of Ancient America: the Mexican, Maya and Andean Peoples (London: Penguin, 1962).
In other words, at every seven courses of stone, a layer of reed matting was laid and weep-holes and drainage shafts were placed, thus preserving the ziggurat from water damage.
Eventually the building fell into disrepair. Later, King Nabonidus restored the Ur ziggurat, along with other temples. Stiebing believes this was because he revered his mother's gods (285). Nabonidus claims in the clay cuneiform tablets found in the tower to have rebuilt it on the same foundations and using the same mortar and bricks. Ultimately it must have deteriorated after the Persian defeat by Cyrus in 539 BC.
Construction of Tower of Babylon (ca 600 BC)
While the biblical account of this great structure in Genesis 11 is perhaps legendary, scholars have come to view the "Tower of Babel" mentioned in the text as the ziggurat of the temple of Marduk in Babylon (known as Etemenanki). Expressing the scholarly consensus,…
The below triangle and framework has been in place since the 1940's. It was first put forth in 1943 and was later updated, also by Maslow, a little over a decade later in 1954. The triangle or pyramid is constructed in such a way that the more "basic" and major needs are lower down the chain and the lesser but yet still worthy of mention needs are higher up. Indeed, basic needs, like the first two levels mentioned, are going to go get the most attention from any given person. However, the needs that are higher up the pyramid will get attention as well. The idea is that, to one degree or another, all of the needs on the pyramid influence our motivation or actions to one degree or another.
There are five different needs when it comes to the Maslow hierarchy. They are depicted in picture…
BBC. (2017). Abraham Maslow and the pyramid that beguiled business - BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-23902918
CM. (2017). Maslow's Hierarchy. Changingminds.org. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from http://changingminds.org/explanations/needs/maslow.htm
EPI. (2017). Educational Psychology Interactive: Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Edpsycinteractive.org. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/conation/maslow.html
LT. (2017). MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS. Learning-theories.com. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from https://www.learning-theories.com/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs.html