Refugees Essays (Examples)

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Germanys Refugee Crisis and Populist Movements

Words: 1665 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31990986

Rise of Populist Movements and Large Numbers of Refugees in Germany

Germany has witnessed a significant increase in the number of asylum seekers migrating into the country in the recent past. As of 2016, the number of refugees seeking asylum in Germany was more than 700,000, which represented a huge increase from the less than 100,000 refugees who asylum in the country in 2006. The huge numbers of refugees seeking asylum in Germany has come at a time when Europe is facing a refugee crisis. According to Postelnicescu (2016), Europe is currently facing a refugee crisis that has generated concerns on whether it should maintain its core democratic values and freedoms or maintain freedom and justice. The increase in the number of refugees seeking asylum in Europe including Germany is attributable to the prevalence of terrorism, which is a global security concern. Moreover, this increase is attributable to the current…… [Read More]

References

Amann et al. (2015, December 11). The Rise of Germany’s New Right. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/refugee-crisis-drives-rise-of-new-right-wing-in-germany-a-1067384.html

Fischer, S. (2016, September 5). The Rise of the Populists – A Problem for Merkel and Germany. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/rise-of-populist-afd-a-problem-for-merkel-and-germany-a-1110954.html

Leonard, M. (2016, March 5). The Germany Crisis: Angela Merkel, Refugees and the Rise of the Right. New Statesman. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/uk/2016/03/germany-crisis-angela-merkel-refugees-and-rise-right

Postelnicescu, C. (2016, May). Europe’s New Identity: The Refugee Crisis and the Rise of Nationalism. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 12(2), 203-209.

 


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Trauma and Resilience of the Karen Population

Words: 3165 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76641619

Social Problem and Personal Statement
Part 1: Trauma and Resilience of the Karen Population
Traumatic and stressful experiences usually characterize migration and resettlement processes. Immigrants may experience pre-migration trauma in their home countries and trauma during and their migration (Goodman et al., 2017). Immigrants are at a more significant risk for pre-migration exposure to violence making them susceptible to trauma- and war- connected mental health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychological distress (Arnetz et al., 2013). In the recent years, the resilience concept as a protective factor against the trauma-related psychological disorder development has garnered growing consideration. The Karen population from Burma that has settled in Saint Paul, Minnesota has found sources of resilience to help them get through the hardships (Voigt, 2016). This paper highlights the essentiality of acknowledging the resilience of refugees and the need for social workers to have a better understanding of the…… [Read More]

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Refugee or an Immigrant Is

Words: 980 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31355166



As a social worker, you should understand some of rights a refugee has under the law of the land and the international refugees' laws. For instance, under Article 33 of the Convention elating to the Status of efugees, it spells out clearly that a refugee is supposed not to be returned to his/her mother country where his/her life or freedom may be at risk on account of his/her religion, race, political opinion and nationality. Such are the fundamental laws which a social worker must be keen when handling a refugee (Capps, 2004).

Boundary issues

Boundary issues can sometimes be a difficult subject. One of the roles of a social worker is to work with other stakeholders to ensure that all immigrant found within the borders of a country are taken care of. A social worker has the mandate to recommend to the immigration officers for deportation and can also stop…… [Read More]

References

National Association of Social Workers. (2009). Immigrants and Refugees. In Social work speaks (8 ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Capps, R., & Passel, J. (2004). Describing immigrant communities. Retrieved January 31, 2012, from www.fcd-us.org/usr_doc/DescribingImmigrant Communitites.pdf

Balgopal, P.R. (2000). Social work practice with immigrants and refugees. New York: Columbia University Press.
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Global Refugee Regime Seems to Be Veering

Words: 10399 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23350149

Global Refugee Regime eems to Be Veering Away From Traditional Rules

As the threat of war looms large, the situation of those displaced because of violence and fights is becoming the focal point of talks amidst humanitarian groups. Many wrote about the situation in Afghanistan. The last many years have brought about quite a lot of enormous "refugee movements and humanitarian emergencies." More than 50 million people have been displaced by conflicts, war and other disasters and things may get worse.

The many organizations that offer aid to those who are forced to flee from their native lands are trying their level best to reach out and help each one of them. But nations all over seem to be hesitant to take in refugees who do not have any place else to go. What is the solution? How can humanitarian agencies cope with the increasing number of refugees? A book…… [Read More]

Sources

Agamben, Giorgio (1995). We refugees.(Section 2: Issuing Identity) Symposium v49, n2 (Summer):114

Appling, Cathy (1995). United Nations Involvement in Haiti from a Humanitarian Perspective. Current World Leaders 38, 4, Aug, 83-98.

Copeland, Emily (1992). Global refugee policy: an agenda for the 1990s. (Conference Reports) International Migration Review v26, n3 (Fall):992

Deng, Francis M. (1995). Dealing with the Displaced: A Challenge to the International Community. Global Governance 1, 1, winter, 45-57.
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Training Module for a Refugee

Words: 2272 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38266505



Education Standards Addressed

This training will prepare students to become Microsoft Office certified.

Teacher Guide

Student Guide

Objectives

To learn Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Access) at a level proficient enough to become certified.

The instructor will start the students off on the first day with an introductory computer course to familiarize them with the hardware and software. This will be on the first day of training and students will be allowed practice time.

Students will learn to navigate the internet and perform basic searches. The will also be given a subject by the instructor and told to find information on the subject. This will help with research skills.

Information

This training program prepares students to perform clerical duties in an office support position. Emphasis is on using word processing, spreadsheets, presentation software, and databases.

The classes will be instructor led as well as online training. The training will…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AmeriCorps. (n.d.). Retrieved October 20, 2010, from http://www.americorps.gov/

Business Volunteers Unlimited - businessvolunteersunlimited.com. (n.d.). Retrieved November 01, 2010, from http://www.businessvolunteers.org/

Lutheran Refugee Services. (n.d.). Lutheran Family Services of Nebraska. Retrieved November 01, 2010, from http://www.lfsneb.org/community/refugee.asp

Service Learning. (n.d.). International Rescue Committee | the International Rescue Committee goes to crisis zones to rescue and rebuild. We lead refugees from harm to home.
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Impact of Syrian Refugee Crisis on Marketing Arena

Words: 986 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26223237

Strategic management and marketing theory demonstrates that marketing activities are significantly affected by events in the external environment (Mullins & Walker, 2013). For instance, the PESTEL framework shows that business and marketing decisions must be made in consideration of political, economic, social, technological, environment, and legal factors. One event that is increasingly affecting marketing activities is the Syrian refugee crisis, which has resulted in the influx of hundreds of thousands of refugees into Europe (Kleintop & Schwab, 2015). This text considers the implications of the Syrian refugee crisis on the marketing arena. Attention is particularly paid to the impact of the crisis on industries as well as marketing strategy for businesses in Europe.

With the ongoing civil war in Syria, Europe has received the largest number of refugees in decades (Kleintop & Schwab, 2015). Whereas the crisis presents considerable political and security challenges for European governments, it also offers significant…… [Read More]

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VR to'show refugee conditions

Words: 419 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23184711

virtual reality event at a museum. I was really excited to go because I'm always interested in learning more about technological innovation and how it is used in different ways. The new virtual reality technology out there involves the use of multiple cameras that record in all directions and are thus used to create experiences using the captured imagery. The image is thus viewed through the virtual reality goggles.

I was really impressed by the opening speech of the vent. One of the speakers works for the United Nations. That speaker presented and spoke about some o the things that virtual reality is used for. As an example, one of the image sets used was a refugee camp. In other words, the virtual reality goggles can be used to depict and show what a Syrian girl in a refugee camp and her surroundings would look like. IT is a new…… [Read More]

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Services Provided to Support and

Words: 1753 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10200111

(Allan and afoon, 2008, p.1) Limitations of the program were acknowledged after a study reported findings which state: "...there an awareness of hidden areas of trauma that exist in this population, such as, for instance, an awareness that most humanitarian entrant women (between 80% and 100%) have been the victims of rape and the shame associated with this mitigates against disclosure and dealing with the effects of it." (Allan and afoon, 2008, p.1)

ibliography

Allan, David and afoon, Patrick (2008) Strength to Strength (STS) - a family relationships program for humanitarian entrant families living in Western metropolitan Sydney 24 June 2008. Relationships Australia NSW - Humanitarian Entrants Program. Australian Government - Australian Institute of Family Studies. Online available at http://www.aifs.gov.au/afrc/practice/strength.html

Australian Government Department of Family and Community Services (nd) What we know about achievements of the Early Intervention Parenting Program and Good eginnings Prototypes. Online available at http://www.dest.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/E8EF9E6-975-438-2EA-7967032ADE85/21961/eipp_factsheet.rtf

Gallegos, Danielle,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Allan, David and Bafoon, Patrick (2008) Strength to Strength (STS) - a family relationships program for humanitarian entrant families living in Western metropolitan Sydney 24 June 2008. Relationships Australia NSW - Humanitarian Entrants Program. Australian Government - Australian Institute of Family Studies. Online available at http://www.aifs.gov.au/afrc/practice/strength.html

Australian Government Department of Family and Community Services (nd) What we know about achievements of the Early Intervention Parenting Program and Good Beginnings Prototypes. Online available at http://www.dest.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/E8EFB9E6-9B75-438B-B2EA-7967032ADE85/21961/eipp_factsheet.rtf

Gallegos, Danielle, et al. (2007) Service Provision in the Upper Northern Suburbs for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Communities: A Scoping Study. March 2007. On behalf of the CaLD Interagency Reference Group for the Northern Metropolitan Corridor. Online available at http://www.cscr.murdoch.edu.au/CaLDNorthScopingReport.pdf

Spinks, Harriet (2008) Adult Migrant English Program Budget 2009-09 Social Issues. Parliament of Australia. Parliamentary Library. Online available at http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/RP/BudgetReview/Social_Issues.htm
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Turkey to Address the Needs of the

Words: 1982 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16187352

Turkey to address the needs of the Syrian refugees, thereby facilitating the safety of the refugees while ensuring the health of the local Turkish communities.

United Nations leader Ban Ki-moon has described the Syrian Civil War as having reached "appalling heights of brutality," ("UN predicts huge surge in Syrian refugee numbers: AFP"). According to official United Nations counts, more than 460,000 Syrians have fled Syria to find safety, and those numbers are expected to surge to 700,000 by the beginning of 2013. Most of the refugees have crossed over the border to Turkey and also to Jordan, but many others have gone farther -- to North Africa and Europe. With the crisis having already reached epic proportions, and growing bigger, the time for providing a Christian plan of aid is nigh.

There are many options for assisting the refugees. The most pressing is to help Turkey build enough well stocked…… [Read More]

References

Krajeski, Jenna. "Taking Refuge: The Syrian Revolution in Turkey." World Policy Institute. 2012. Retrieved online:  http://www.worldpolicy.org/journal/summer2012/taking-refuge-syrian-revolution-in-turkey 

Ozey, Ramazan. "Turkey's Land Borders and Border Disputes." Retrieved online: http://www.ramazanozey.net/rozey/icerik/detay.asp?id=4&dil=en

Reynolds, James. "Syrian Refugees Slipping into Turkey." BBC News. Retrieved online:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20433238 

"UN predicts huge surge in Syrian refugee numbers: AFP." Retrieved online: http://www.focus-fen.net/index.php?id=n293725
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The Import of People

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61251853

Syrian Refugees

There is widespread fear among a section of the Americans that a Paris-style attack can happen in the U.S. if the country allows the influx of Syrian refugees and this is the primary basis of the American backlash against the Syrian refugees. There is also a raging debate on the issue and there are both facts as well as assumptions ad presumptions that are being put forward by both the camps -- those who support Syrian refugee intake into the U.S. and those who oppose it.

There is a school of thought that dismisses the fear among a section of the Americans that Syrian refugee intake can result in a Paris-style attack. The argument put forward in favor of this statement is the process of relocating refugees into America which is very different from how they are allowed into the Europe and elsewhere. According to the State Department,…… [Read More]

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Irish Social Policy the Global Recession Came

Words: 848 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97583897

Irish Social Policy

The global recession came along with many negative effects to may countries in the world. Coupled with the terror attacks, the global fear increased even more and the situation became worse and worse for asylum seekers in the Western countries. Ireland consequently found itself in a situation that made it awkward for the refugees and other asylum seekers who run there for shelter. The asylum seekers and the refugees found themselves deprived of many basic human provisions and rights that every individual should be allowed to enjoy.

Inequalities of Irish policy

The policies in Ireland are very detrimental to the refugees. For instance with introduction of the Direct Provision policy the adult asylum seekers were entitled to an allowance of €19.10 per week, children €9.60 which are way below what the average Irish earns and is barely enough for any tangible provision for an individual leave alone…… [Read More]

References

Integrating Ireland, (2009). Direct Provision. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://www.integratingireland.ie/direct_provision

Justin Frewel, (2010). The Plight of Asylum Seekers in Ireland. Irish Left Review. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from  http://www.irishleftreview.org/2010/02/24/plight-asylum-seekers-ireland/ 

Mikko Lahteenmaki, (2004). Refugee and Migration Policy in the European Union. International Seminar for Experts in the Series Great Debates organized by the Cicero Foundation, Paris. May 10, 2011 from  http://www.cicerofoundation.org/pdf/report_refugee_migration.pdf 

The Referendum Commission (2011). Background Information on the Citizenship Referendum.
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History Politics

Words: 1399 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11089370

Personality Assessment

Albanian refugees from Kosovo'

This paper is a research assignment regarding all aspects facing Albanians from Kosovo.

Over the past, there have been various, significantly dramatic instances during which individuals and whole communities have migrated from their homelands as a result of a particularly crucial issue or predicament, relocating themselves within foreign regions and countries. The degree of immigrants is usually controllable buy the concerned authorities of the country which is being inundated by the immigrants, this, however, being a course of action that is not, usually, as effective as would be desired, as a result of the rate of immigration usually being so significant that by the time the authorities are even aware of the threat posed, the country is already heavily prevalent with immigrants from a particular country. A significant case of this sort of immigration has been that the Albanians of Kosovo were forced to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Conflict in Kosovo (Accessed 2002) @

http://worldroom.tamu.edu/BRkosovo.htm

Schwarz Benjamin; Picking A Good Fight (2000) @

http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/roundtable/goodfight/schwarz1.htm
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Responsibilities of Christians as Regards

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8724428

"he final third are an estimated 10,000 "people group," or 2.1 billion humans, who for reasons of language or geography have never heard about the Christ of Christmas. And reaching them, missionaries say, involves crossing physical, political, and linguistic barriers." hose barriers will not always be gracious, not always be welcoming, but it goes without saying that devoted Christians do, and will continue, to overcome those barriers to touch the lives of other who have yet to experience the inspiration of the Word of God.

Not a Competition

here is not a competition for souls in Christian missionary work. Missionary work does not use people as human pawns on the chessboard of world politics.

Sometimes, it may be difficult for people, and missionaries alike, to understand that. Christians missionaries serve vital roles in places around the world where each day people lose the battle against the natural forces of nature,…… [Read More]

The Sphere Project represents a far more recent attempt at codification. It was established on July 1, 1997 by the Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response (SCHR) and Interaction, with the aim of examining and setting the minimum standards of behavior for those involved in humanitarian responses. The project has involved front line NGOs and the Red Cross and the Red Crescent Movement, interested donor governments, and UN agencies cooperating to develop a set of standards in core areas of human relief."

More Quiet Missionary

There are those who have alleged that the Anglican Church has forgotten its missionary responsibility In fact,
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Illegal Immigrants in the U S

Words: 2196 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39582268



So who is an American and what an America can or cannot do are questions which are critical to the issue of legalizing immigrants. Does being an American mean you cannot show allegiance to any other country? The images of people raising and waving Mexican flag had enraged many but it need not have. It should be accepted that people who come from different countries would forever hold in their hearts a deep respect and love for their homeland. However to put the interests of home country ahead of your adopted country or to work in a way that benefits the home country but not the new country would definitely cause serious concern. It would be definitely foolish to direct or guide the behavior of illegal immigrants regarding countries and allegiance, but they should be expected to not work against the interests of their adopted land. That is fair and…… [Read More]

References

Johnson, Leahy Colleen. Growing Up and Old In Italian-American Families, page 223, 1985

Michael T. Lempres. "Getting Serious about Illegal Immigration." National Review 46.3 (1994): 52.

Ted Hayes. "Illegal Immigration Threatens U.S. Sovereignty, Economy and Culture." Insight on the News 16.36 (2000): 46.

Michelle Malkin. "Dismissing the Dangers of Illegal Immigration." Insight on the News 18.32 (2002): 46.
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Crossing Aegean Crossing the Aegean An Appraisal

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94707700

Crossing Aegean

Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey is Volume 12 in a Berghahn/Oxford University Press series on forced migration. The series addresses modern and post-modern population migration issues from a cross-disciplinary perspective. Like the other issues in the Studies in Forced Migration series, Crossing the Aegean is a collection of scholarly essays offering nuanced approaches to the delicate subject matter. Edited by enee Hirschon, the book is divided into three core sections. The first provides crucial background information and a general overview. The overview covers the geography and history of the region since ancient times, as the Greek empire did indeed span the Aegean Sea to link what are now two distinct nation-states. Background information provides more of a modern historical perspective, including issues related to the rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire. The background information does provide the…… [Read More]

Reference

Hirschon, Renee. Crossing the Aegean. New York/Oxford: Berghahn/Oxford University Press, 2003.
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Ship Called the Mv Sun Sea Carrying

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98231630

ship called the MV Sun Sea carrying 490 asylum seekers from Sri Lanka, was intercepted off the B.C. coast. The arrival of these Tamil migrants sparked a controversy as to how Canada should receive Tamil and other potential refugees fleeing Southeast Asia. On one side of the controversy, Canadian officials voiced concern that the migrants could be criminals and terrorists, and should not be allowed to enter Canadian borders. On the other hand, these accusations could have been utterly baseless, originally espoused by the Sri Lankan government for the purpose of deflecting international attention from their human rights abuses. Indeed, screenings of 76 Tamil migrants who arrived from Sri Lanka in October 2009 revealed that all were eligible to claim political refugee status, despite rumors that they might have had criminal ties. The recent debate regarding whether to accept the Tamil migrants on the MV Sun Sea was reminiscent of…… [Read More]

Human rights organizations have reported that in spite of official denials throughout the 1980s through the present, the government has initiated political killings, abductions, and armed clashes with the Tamils. Currently, the UN is investigating thousands of unresolved disappearances of innocent civilians there. The separatist resistance group, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), which formed in opposition to government repression, have also violated human rights and engaged in terrorist acts, mostly within Sri Lankan territory. Nonetheless, it is dangerous and irresponsible for the Canadian government and media to espouse speculative rhetoric that Tamil migrants are terrorist or have links to al-Qaeda.

Like the Tamils of Sri Lanka, the Ghadar was an organization founded by Punjabi Indians in Canada with the aim to liberate India from oppressive British colonial rule. The movement began with a group of immigrants who settled in Canada. It is important to note that migrants and migrants from Southeast Asia have been an integral part of Canada's culture and history for over a century, although they have faced long-standing resentment and prejudice from our white majority. For example, around the time of the 1914 arrival of the Komagata Maru at Vancouver, which carried Indians escaping the oppression of British colonial rule, British Columbia passed stringent laws discouraging Indians from immigrating to Canada. Indians were also denied the right to vote, prohibited to run for public office, serve on juries, and were not permitted to become professionals. Many race-based laws were enacted against Japanese and Chinese nationalities, who were also immigrating in large numbers to abandon challenging circumstances at home. At the same time, however, massive numbers of white European immigrants were welcomed into Canada. White Canadians seemed to specifically fear that darker-skinned people would take their jobs, a fear that may remain today.

However, there is one example of white refugees who were refused entrance into Canada pursuant to anti-Semitic fear in the years leading up to World War II. Approximately 900 German Jews fleeing persecution on 1939 the ship, St. Louis, were forced to return to Europe, where most of the passengers were later killed in Nazi concentration camps.
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Health and Medical Services in Bella Vista PA a South Philadelphia Neighborhood

Words: 1172 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51389471

Community/Organization of Interest:

Health and medical services in Bella Vista, PA, a South Philadelphia neighborhood

The cultural perspective

Bella Vista, PA, a South Philadelphia neighborhood, is a largely Italian-American ethnic enclave dominated by white, working-class residents. Although recent scholarly literature has focused upon the deficit of healthcare knowledge and services in lower-income nonwhite populations, deficits in knowledge and willingness and ability to access vital resources to improve their health still persist across population groups. For example, one study of non-Hispanic and Hispanics found that there were high levels of systemic barriers to obtain colorectal screening, including: scheduling and financial barriers; fear of diagnosis and pain; and lack of motivation amongst all study participants (Green et al. 2008). Culturally and psychologically in many communities, there is often an unwillingness to seek medical treatment in the form of screening. Even though Bella Vista is not a poor community cultural attitudes towards healthcare…… [Read More]

References

Breen, T. (2013). Overview of the 2013-2014 Medicaid payment increase for primary care services. The Advisory Board Company. Retrieved:

http://www.advisory.com/research/physician-practice-roundtable/members/expert-insights/medicaid-payment-increase-for-pcps

Brown, E.R. (et al2004). Effects of community factors on access to ambulatory care for lower-

income adults in large urban communities. Inquiry - Excellus Health Plan, 41(1), 39-56.
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Quang's Freedom in November I

Words: 1367 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72810704

I set up my practice at once. So many maladies among citizens of this town were directly related to the spiritual imbalance in the forest. Little puk-wudgees caused much havoc among the townsfolk. Oh, at first the people of Freetown had little faith in my medicine, but over time they came to appreciate that I was perfect for their unique corner of the world.

Theirs was a land haunted. People came to me when the ghosts in their attic began to make noise; when they saw lights above the forest at night; when they saw a creature from the corner of their eye. This was life as normal in Freetown. Everybody who lived there simply accepted it, without becoming creepy like such a town would seem on television. But I helped them. I helped them learn the reasons why spirits acted the ways they did. I taught them how to…… [Read More]

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Charlie Wilson's War in the

Words: 1491 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6488133

But by doing so, Zia and ilson gained the most powerful ally one could want when it came to appropriations. ith Doc Long's support, ilson was able to obtain $40 million from the Defense Appropriations subcommittee; a group of eleven elected officials who meet behind closed doors and decide how to spend billions of dollars. And since the recommendations from the committee have to be voted on by the full House without the specifics of where the money is being sent, Charlie ilson was able to appropriate the money without any public knowledge. This was important because the participation of the United States in the arming of Afghan mujahideen had to be kept a secret or else it risked direct war with the Soviet Union.

Part of Charlie ilson's ability to convince the other members of the U.S. House of Representatives to vote for his appropriations was the fact that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crile, George. Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert

Operation in History. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 2003. Print.

Grau, Lester, and Michael Gress. The Soviet Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost. Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas, 2002. Print.

Sperling, Godfrey. "Mondale in '84, He May Run if Jimmy Carter Doesn't." the
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Kosovo War

Words: 2552 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27675563

strategy executed by the United States (U.S.) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) met the criterions for a just war as defined below. Both the U.S. And NATO did not fight this war in order to overthrow the Yugoslavian government nor to give the Kosovo Albanians a country of their own. ather, the war was fought to stop the needless ethnic violence against the Albanians living in Kosovo and allow the return of all refugees, and that is just what both the U.S. And NATO did during this military operation. The U.S. And NATO had no intention of any major military operation, they only wished to use the minium force required in order to achieve their stated goals. This paper examines the strategy formulation, coordination, and execution, that lead to NATO's war to save Kosovo. How the U.S. And NATO reached their goal could not be described as perfectly…… [Read More]

References

Yugoslavia: Travel Guide, n.d. [cited 12 December 2004] Available from World Wide Web: http://sg.travel.yahoo.com/guide/europe/yugoslavia / history.html

Elshtain J.B. "The third annual grotius lecture: Just war and humanitarian intervention." American Society of International Law: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting.( 2001) 1-12

Please replace this with the proper citationr, e.g. (W.U. 1987 4)

Need reference for W.U.
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Diner Gjerde and Takaki Looking

Words: 2865 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80953537

These years would come to define the modern American woman as a counterpoint to her sheltered Victorian counterpart.

4. Looking at the number of immigrants by region of the world from 1925 to 1981 and 1982 to 2005, as noted in the 2005 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, and at the number of asylees and refugees arrived and granted asylum, and deported aliens. From which regions and countries in the world do most recent new Americans come from, and in what proportion? Quantify the changes? hat political and social reasons could be the reason for such changes? hat impact might these changes in immigrant origins have on American society and culture?

The first waves of immigration to sweep through the United States during the 20th century would be European in origin. At a time when much of Europe would be fractured by conflict, poverty and political strife, the United States would…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Diner, H.R. (1983). Erin's Daughters in America: Irish Immigrant Women in the Nineteenth Century. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Gjerde, J. (1988). Major Problems in American Immigration and Ethnic History, Houghton Miflin Company.

Hooker, C. (2004). Ford's Sociology Department and the Americanization Campaign and the Manufacture of Popular Culture Among Assembly Line Workers c.1910 -- 1917. The Journal of American Culture, 20(1), 47-53.

Takaki, R. (2008). A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America. Back Bay Books.
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Global Warming The Reality of

Words: 3440 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59531751

" (Impacts of sea level rise) In these areas, such as India and Indonesia, even a small increase in sea level could result in forced migration with resultant economic hardship. The point should also be reiterated that in our interconnected world, the economic and social problems of one area or region have an impact on other countries. This is also related to the fact that many of the suugested means of dealing with global warming would contradict and even negate economic policies that many industrialized nations already have in place. This aspect will be expanded on in the following sections.

3.

Political Issues

The response from governments to the problem and reality of global warming has not always been positive or enthusiastic. The Reagan administration and the First Bush Administration in the United States tended to be politically optimistic about the global environment. Governments in developed countries have in general…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alberts S. Obama boosts hopes of climate deal. 24 November, 2009.



Balaam David N. And Veseth M. Introduction to International Political Economy.

London: Prentice Hall, 1995
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George Washington University's Sonography Bachelor's

Words: 511 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78388281



Nevertheless, my passion for medicine remained which led to applying to the Technology Institute of Pharmacy at the university. Unfortunately, due to conditions beyond my control, I requested a transfer to the Nursing Institute at the university, yet because of my brother's failing health, I was forced to remain at home to care for him. Things changed in 2001, when I came to the U.S., knowing that I had a much better chance there to fulfill my dreams of becoming a medical specialist. Soon after, I registered at Northern Virginia Community College to major in science and after working full-time to pay for my studies, I am now in my last semester at NVCC, aiming for an Associate in Science which hopefully will open the door to pharmacy school. Overall, by obtaining a pharmacy degree, I could not only help people in the U.S. But also my own people in…… [Read More]

My initial interest in pursuing a degree in the medical field came about when my brother developed a very serious disease. This event prompted me to wonder about his medical future regarding treatment in the form of surgery or chemotherapy, and due to the fact that we were living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where I was born and raised, the prospects of my brother finding adequate treatment and care for his disease were rather poor. As a result, I decided to create the foundations for a career in medical science. Part of this required that I take the Ethiopian School Living Examination. In 1994, after competing against 167,000 other high school graduates, I received a passing score which made me eligible to attend Addis Ababa University; however, since Ethiopia follows the command economy, I ended up in social sciences rather than in my chosen field of medicine.

Nevertheless, my passion for medicine remained which led to applying to the Technology Institute of Pharmacy at the university. Unfortunately, due to conditions beyond my control, I requested a transfer to the Nursing Institute at the university, yet because of my brother's failing health, I was forced to remain at home to care for him. Things changed in 2001, when I came to the U.S., knowing that I had a much better chance there to fulfill my dreams of becoming a medical specialist. Soon after, I registered at Northern Virginia Community College to major in science and after working full-time to pay for my studies, I am now in my last semester at NVCC, aiming for an Associate in Science which hopefully will open the door to pharmacy school. Overall, by obtaining a pharmacy degree, I could not only help people in the U.S. But also my own people in Ethiopia. While a student at NVCC, I served the Ethiopian Community Development Council by providing outreach services for refugees seeking health assistance.

In conclusion, my personal desire is to expand and enhance my knowledge in the pharmacy field and thus be able to provide my services to communities in the U.S. And abroad, particularly in Ethiopia. Therefore, I am looking forward with much relish to participating in GWU's Sonography Bachelor's Program.
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Social Work the Objective of

Words: 1546 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69852034

Racism, nativism, and exclusion: Public policy, immigration, and the Latino experience in the United States. Journal of Poverty 4, 1-25.

Shacknove, a. (January 1985). Who is Refugee? Ethics 95, 274-284.

Said, E. (1993) Culture and imperialism. www.zmag.org/zmag/articles/barsaid.htm.

Platt, a.M., & Cooreman, J.L. (2001). A multicultural chronology of welfare policy and social work in the United States. Social Justice 28, 91-137.

Reisch, M. (1998). The sociopolitical context and social work method, 1890-1950. Social Service Review, June, 162-181.

Carlton-LaNey, I., & Hodges, V. (2004). African-American reformers' mission: Caring for our girls and women. Affilia, 19, 3, 257-272.

Gordan, L. (2002). If the Progressives were advising us today, should we listen? Journal of the Guilded Age and Progressive Era 1, 1-8.

Gordan, L. (1991). lack and white women's visions of welfare: Women's welfare activism, 1890-1955. Journal of American History, Sept. 559-590.

Williams, L.F. (2003). An assult on white privilege: civil rights and the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Takaki, R. (1993). A different mirror. In a different mirror: A history of multicultural America (pp 1-170. New York, NY: Little, Brown & Company.

Kilty, K., & Haymes, M. (2000). Racism, nativism, and exclusion: Public policy, immigration, and the Latino experience in the United States. Journal of Poverty 4, 1-25.

Shacknove, a. (January 1985). Who is Refugee? Ethics 95, 274-284.

Said, E. (1993) Culture and imperialism. www.zmag.org/zmag/articles/barsaid.htm.
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Freedman's Bureau The Freedmen's Bureau Was Founded

Words: 982 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59568223

Freedman's Bureau: The Freedmen's Bureau was founded by the U.S. Congress in 1865 and its purpose was to help African-Americans make the difficult transition from slavery to freedom (ormser, 2002, p. 1).[footnoteRef:1] Thesis: The Freedman's Bureau had enormous responsibilities which it carried out very well given the roadblocks and challenges it faced. Among those responsibilities was the supervision "and management of all abandoned lands, and the control of all subjects relating to refugees and freedmen…" (ormser, p. 1). [1: ormser, Richard. "The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow / Freedmen's Bureau (1865-72)." KCET. Retrieved December 30, 2012, from http://www.pbs.org. ]

The Freemen's Bureau was asked to accomplish some difficult tasks -- especially in the South, where most people did not want to give any rights to blacks -- to basically give a helping hand to freed blacks and ease them into society without rancor or violence. The Bureau was to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

KCET. 2008. Dred Scott's fight for freedom. KCET. Retrieved December 30, 2012, from  http://www.pbs.org .

Wormser, Richard. 2002. The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow / Freedmen's Bureau (1865-72). KCET.

Retrieved December 30, 2012, from
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Inequalities Are Made and Remade South Wales

Words: 1093 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49286940

Inequalities Are Made and emade South Wales

The objective of this work is to examine the way that inequalities are made and remade in South Wales. As this study will relate, there are inherent inequalities in South Wales both historically and traditionally. The work of Winckler (2009) entitled "Equality Issues in Wales: A esearch eview" that statistics on equality in Wales is based on measurements relating to race, gender, disability, age, sexual orientation, and religion. The report states that there are 10,000 refugees and 2,500 asylum seeker in Wales, in addition to 2,000 Gypsy Travelers. Men are outnumbered by women. 29% of the population is 60 years old or older. An approximate 27% of the adult population is disabled.

Poverty and Social Exclusion

Winckler states that sufficient evidence exists to make the conclusion that ethnic minority groups along with individuals who are disabled and children and young people as well…… [Read More]

References

Moore, H. And Jorm, L. (nd) Measuring Health Inequalities in New South Wales. NSW Public Health Bulletin. Vol. 12 No. 4.

Regional Inequalities in Wales (2011) Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research. Data and Methods. WISERD. Retrieved from: http://www.wiserd.ac.uk/research/quantitative/regional-inequalities-in-wales/

Winckler, V. (2009) Equality Issues in Wales: A Research Review. Equality and Human Rights Commission. Spring 2009. Research Report 11. The Bevan Foundation.
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Political Science History

Words: 6252 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80408978

conservative intellectual movement, but also the role of William uckley and William Rusher in the blossoming of the youth conservative movement

Talk about structure of paper, who not strictly chronologically placed (ie hayek before the rest) - in this order for thematic purposes, to enhance the genuiness of the paper (branches of the movement brought up in order of importance to youth conservative revolt) For instance, Hayek had perhaps the greatest impact on the effects of the movement - uckley and Rusher. These individuals, their beliefs, their principles were extremely influential in better understanding the origins, history, and leaders of American conservatism.

Momentous events shape the psyche of an individual as the person matures. A child grows up in poverty vows to never be like his parents, and keeps this inner vow to become a millionaire. A young woman experiences sexual trauma as a teen, and chooses a career that…… [Read More]

Bibliography

George Nash, The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945 http://www.nationalreview.com/22dec97/mcginnis122297.html. National review online The Origins of Conservatism George Mc Ginnis

Volume Library #2, p. 2146

Schneider, Cadres for Conservatism

McGinnis, National Review Online
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What Are the Effects of September 11 on the Muslim Population in Toronto

Words: 2509 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62132986

eptember 11 on the Muslim population in Greater Toronto area

This is a paper that analyzes the effects of eptember 11 on the Muslim population of Toronto. It has sources.

The following is a study that reveals the effects of the terrorist attacks of eptember 11 on the Muslim population in Greater Toronto area. As there has been severe impact on western societies ever since the disaster, it is worth exploring the how Muslims are being treated in places like Toronto Canada. First of all, this area is an interesting one because it is an immediate neighbor of the United tates. econdly, Canadian society is based on democratic principles. Both these factors are strong influences on the manner in which citizens of Canada are treated in relation to the religious beliefs. It may be assumed through reports and accounts that come through the media that there are some individuals who…… [Read More]

Sources:

Roach, Kent. September 11: consequences for Canada, 2003.

Kassam, Karim-Aly. Melnyk, George and Perras, Lynne. Canada and September 11: impact and responses, 2002.

Daniels, Ronald. The security of Freedom: Essays on Canada's anti-terrorism bill, 2001.

McGowan, Rima Berns. Muslims in the diaspora: the Somali communities of London andToronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.
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Motivations for Pursuing a Career in Medicine

Words: 583 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67078020

Motivations for Pursuing a Career in Medicine

It is in my opinion that people strive and compensate for what they perceive they do not have: one tries to gain strength to overcome his or her weakness. My motivations for pursuing a career in medicine take root from my experience as a young adult in Yemen, my native country. Being an underdeveloped country, we were literally impoverished and not given the proper and basic social services that people should have, especially the women sector. In a country where female genital mutilation is practiced, I became witness to the harsh realities that women have to go through in their attempt to follow the society's norms and traditions, whether it adversely affects their lives and health or not.

Exposure to the needs of the people, especially those who cannot afford medical services provided for by hospitals in my country, made me realize that…… [Read More]

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The Trump Travel Ban

Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54099459

Not many things in recent history have brought as much controversy as the Trump Administration travel ban. Some have seen this ban as unfair and demonstrating the ugly side of the United States and its Government. There are reasons for this. The travel ban is cruel and inhumane, the Government should not support a travel ban because no one should be profiled due to race or religion, travel is a human right, and the U.S. is a safe place for refugees.

The travel ban provides much cause for concern because of the potential legality of such an extreme measure. Half a century ago, the American Government chose to outlaw the discrimination seen in the Trump travel ban. “More than 50 years ago, Congress outlawed such discrimination against immigrants based on national origin.” (Bier) Additionally the travel ban puts the United States in a bad light, as other countries may see…… [Read More]

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Social Exclusion on the Health

Words: 3377 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25553482

Colic's (2005) argument is that there is a very strong correlation between porr housing and an individual's physical ill health. He goes further to point out that six out of every ten homeless individuals do suffer from a certain form of mental distress. About 20% of this lot have severe mental illness. In a nutshell, social exclusion gives rise to a direct form of social and economic consequences that include poor housing and limited financial resources.

Dunn (1999) studied the link between social exclusion and mental health. His concluded that the correlation was rather strong and was in congruence with what other authors have documented. It has been acknowledged that unemployment affects persons who have long-term mental disorders in a way that is far greater as compared to the other persons with disability. A total of only 13% are employed as opposed to the more than a third of individuals…… [Read More]

References

Burnett, R. (2004) To reoffend or not to reoffend? The ambivalence of convicted property offenders in Maruna and Immarigeon, After Crime and Punishment.

Burnett A and Peel M (2001) Health needs of asylum seekers and refugees British Medical

Journal 322:544-547 (link to www.bmj.com)

Colic, P., (2005). Refugees and Employment: The effects of visible difference on discrimination. Perth: Murdoch University Press.
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Life That What Once May Have Been

Words: 1803 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27429012

life that what once may have been a derogatory word for something may have, over the years, come to mean something entirely different, and in a similar fashion, what was once a term of endearment or something commonplace may have evolved through the years, into something that would have derogatory connotations. (World Wide Words) For example, when one interviewer asked an American about the origin of the word 'Bozo', he had to refer to a Dictionary, and what he was about to discover amazed him. This was because of the fact that most Dictionaries tended to avoid the word Bozo for some reason or another, giving a vague and uncertain 'origin uncertain' as the explanation. As a matter of fact, the term Bozo seems to have initially appeared in the year 1916, and one of the first meanings for the word probably meant 'man' or a 'fellow'. Later on, it…… [Read More]

References

Is Refugee a Racist Term, Jesse Jackson seems to think so. 6 September, 2005. Retrieved

From http://www.metafilter.com/mefi/44884 Accessed 21 September, 2005

Morse, Caroll Andrew. No Refugees in America. 7 September, 2005. Retrieved From

http://www.techcentralstation.com/090705J.html Accessed 21 September, 2005
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Language Barriers Among the Karen People

Words: 4083 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38498576

GAP stands for Guadalupe Alternative Programs and stands to serve St. Paul's Latino youth living on the West Side for the last fifty years. Programs like GAP have existed to promote the wellbeing of St. Paul's, Minnesota's Latino student population by offering services like counseling, educational programs, emergency resources, and job assistance (GAP, n.d.). While GAP still assists the Latino student population, times have changes and the Latino population has decreased, opening GAP services to diverse ethnic backgrounds. This has led to a recent issue of understanding the needs of the current population of GAP students.

The current population consists of English language learners, refugees (Karen refugees), and low income students. Social work interns at GAP recognized external factors that may affect GAP students. This has led to the desire to promote wellness among the current student GAP population. This research study is meant to provide an understanding of what…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Working Within the Community

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12726018

Working Within the Community

Preparing My Department and The Community at Large for The Challenges That Will Be Caused by This esettlement. Actions and How to Would Carry Them Out

Intensifying efugee Protection, Assistance and Support to Host Communities

efugee Governance and Capacity Building

The police will be required to carry out the coordination and registration of fresh asylum-seekers; refugee status determination; refugee population and maintenance of data on asylum seeker; issuance of vital documents that confirm status; co-ordination and management of the refugee camps; and, provision of very secure arrangements for significant protection issues. Under certain circumstances where this is beyond what the police can handle, they can get the social service department involved.

Partnership

It suggested that the Government, the police and every other relevant partner should make up their mind on coordination mechanisms for strengthening protection delivery. This should involve counseling process where refugee communities will be…… [Read More]

References

UNHCR. (1997, January 6). Social and economic impact of large refugee populations on host development countries. Retrieved from United Nations High Commission for Refugees:

http://www.unhcr.org/3ae68d0e10.html.

UNHCR. (2005). Strengthening Refugee Protection, Assistance and Support to Host Communities in Kenya and Comprehensive Plan of Action for Somali Refugees. Nairobi: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Strengthening Protection Capacity Project.
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Deportation of Cubans Immigrants Seeking

Words: 1979 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22289027

The absolute deprivation of basic human liberties makes it abundantly clear that all people in Cuba are potential political prisoners, because they are either virtually imprisoned by the country's restrictive laws, or face the threat of real imprisonment by acting out against the country. Moreover, to encourage Cubans to evade U.S. military and police forces in order to gain access to U.S. political asylum only encourages human trafficking and other dangerous practices. Instead of deporting Cubans or forcing them to seek asylum in a third country, which may have more restrictive definitions of what it considers a refugee, the United States should grant asylum to Cubans fleeing political persecution.

Works eferenced

Amnesty International. "Six Years in Prison in Cuba for 57 Activists: Supporters Face Ongoing

Harassment." Amnesty.org. 2009. Amnesty International. 23 Jun. 2009 .

Buckley, Cara. "Anti-Castro Pilots' Kin Meet." Cubanet.org. 2004. Cubanet. 23 Jun. 2009

.

Cubana. "Cuba Detains…… [Read More]

Referenced

Amnesty International. "Six Years in Prison in Cuba for 57 Activists: Supporters Face Ongoing

Harassment." Amnesty.org. 2009. Amnesty International. 23 Jun. 2009 .

Buckley, Cara. "Anti-Castro Pilots' Kin Meet." Cubanet.org. 2004. Cubanet. 23 Jun. 2009

.
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International Rescue Committee Is a

Words: 1904 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16008088

On the other hand, the International Rescue Committee focuses on promoting human rights as one of the core of every innovative programs carried out by the organization. This major focus on human rights through the restoration of safety, hope and dignity to millions of refugees is one of the major relations of this organization with the ISCOR major at San Diego University.

Finally, the third major relation of the organization with the ISCOR major is that it serves as an opportunity where graduates of the program can apply their knowledge in helping IRC to accomplish its mission. This is largely due to the fact that students completing the major are prepared for careers that relate to international security and conflict resolution. Since the International Rescue Committee hits the ground in places with conflicts across the globe, graduates of this program can be used to help provide a way from harm…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Graubart, Jonathan. "Program Information." San Diego State University: International Security and Conflict Resolution. San Diego State University, 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"History of the International Rescue Committee." International Rescue Committee: From Harm to Home. International Rescue Committee. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"International Rescue Committee." Idealist.org. Action Without Borders, Jan. 2011. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"International Security and Conflict Resolution." San Diego State University: SDSU 2011-2012 Catalog. San Diego State University. Web. 15 May 2011. .
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Immigration Policy

Words: 2252 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95587742

et Foot Dry Foot Policy

History of Cuban Immigration

Opposition to wet foot dry foot

Fidel Castro

Haitian American Activist

Elian Gonzalez

Recent Haitian Immigrants

Human Right Advocates

immigration policy has long been the center of much debate. In recent months the treatment of Haitian immigrants has come into question. Many in the Haitian American community question why Cuban immigrants are granted asylum while Haitians and other immigrants are deported. The purpose of this discussion is to explore the immigration policy of wet foot dry foot and to determine why this policy is such a controversial topic.

Defining the wet foot dry foot policy

The wet foot dry foot policy was enacted in the late 90's and permitted under the 1966 Cuban adjustment act the policy allows an individual who flees Cuba the right to stay in the United States if there feet touch the shore or the soil. ("et…… [Read More]

Works Cited

US immigration policy branded 'racist'." BBC News. January 3,2000.  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/589848.stm 

Castro, Max. The New Cuban Immigration in context. http://www.miami.edu/nsc/publications/Papers&Reports/CubanImmigration.html

Cuba calls for protests denouncing U.S. immigration policy." CNN News. September 22, 2000. http://www.cnn.com/2000/U.S./09/22/cuba.migration/

Fletcher, Pascaw. "Castro Blasts U.S. Immigration Policy for Cubans." http://immigration.about.com/library/news2000/blcastro0308.htm
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Global Immigration Russia This Is

Words: 1812 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92371635

Euromonitor.com. 17 May 2009 .

Chekalin, Alexander. "Press Service - Speech by First Deputy Minister of the Interior Militia." 8 August 2006. Ministry of the Interior, Russian Federation. 17 May 2009 .

Dzieciolowski, Zygmunt. "Russia's immigration challenge." 15 June 2007. Opendemocracy.net. 17 May 2009 .

Matthews, Owen and Anna Nemtsova. "The Kremlin Vigilantes." 14 February 2009. Newsweek. 17 May 2009 .

Monacelli, R. "Russia: Population, Immigration and the Economy." 19 February 2009. Institute for the Study of Conflict, Ideology, Policy. 17 May 2009 .

Schwirtz, M. "For Russia's Migrants, Economic Despair Douses Flickers of Hope." 9 February 2009. New York Times. 17 May 2009 .

Yasmann, V. "Russia: Immigration Likely to Increase, Mitigating Population Deficit." November 2005. Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty. 16 May 2009 .

Attachment 1

RUSSIAN IMMIGRATION STATS:

Top Stats

All Stats

Just Stats



immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population

8.483

immigrant population >…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Banjanovic, Adisa. "Russia's new immigration policy will boost the population." 14 June 2007. Euromonitor.com. 17 May 2009
population>.

Chekalin, Alexander. "Press Service - Speech by First Deputy Minister of the Interior Militia." 8 August 2006. Ministry of the Interior, Russian Federation. 17 May 2009 .

Dzieciolowski, Zygmunt. "Russia's immigration challenge." 15 June 2007. Opendemocracy.net. 17 May 2009 .
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Palestinian and Israeli Conflict in

Words: 3918 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95383822

These settlements make sure that the state of fragmentation and insecurity of the Palestinians continues and thereby hinders the economic, social and political development of the Palestinians. The total number of such settlements in the West bank, Jerusalem and the Gaza strip are 205, with the vast majority of them in West bank and Jerusalem. "These settlements have led to the more than 403,249 settlers in the West bank and Jerusalem itself." (Israeli Settlements on Occupied Palestinian Territories) Israel continues to expand the number of these settlements from time to time as well as the bypass roads connecting them. These new bypass roads as well as the expansions to the existing bypass roads add to the disruption of the Palestine economy, autonomy and society.

The Israeli settlements also have a negative impact on the access of the Palestinians to natural resources like water and arable land. This problem is likely…… [Read More]

References

Definition of Zionism." Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved at  http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Zionism/zionism.html . Accessed on February 16, 2005

Boling, J. Gail. (January 2001) "Palestinian Refugees and the Right of Return: An International Law Analysis" Retrieved at http://www.badil.org/Publications/Briefs/Brief-No-08.htm Accessed on February 17, 2005

Israeli Settlements on Occupied Palestinian Territories." The Palestine Monitor.

Retrieved at http://www.palestinemonitor.org/factsheet/settlement.html. Accessed on Isseroff, Ami. "Israel and Palestine: A Brief History." MidEastWeb. Retrieved at  http://www.mideastweb.org/briefhistory.htm . Accessed on February 16, 2005
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Cultural Differences of Adolescent in the United States

Words: 4157 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66223470

Cultural Differences of Adolescent in the United States

The United States, ever since the time when its history began, has been an accumulation of different cultural patterns who took refuge here for independence in expressing the thoughts. esiliency or adaptability is featured as a phenomenon of fruit yielding adaptability in spite of difficult or intimidating surrounding. In this paper we shall analyze the cultural differences among adolescents in the country. In 1996 Gordon discovered that adaptable young men have concrete self-confidence in their realizing capabilities and concrete sentiments of association in the school surrounding as against their non-adaptable associates. Consistently Arellano and Padilla in 1996 discovered that cooperative families and tutors saved students from vulnerable educational surroundings. Again Liebowitz, Catellani, and Cuellar in 1999 discovered the relatively important foreseer of sexual attitude to be the persistence of morals existing betwixt the young men and their family. Outcomes threw light on…… [Read More]

References

Brook, J.S; et al. (1998) "Drug use among African-Americans: Ethnic identity as a protective factor." Psychological Reports- 83:1427-1446

Brook, J.S; Whiteman, M; Balka, E.B; Win, P.T; and Gursen, M.D. (1998) "Drug use among Puerto Ricans: Ethnic identity as a protective factor." Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences- 20(2): 241-254

Carlin, J.F. (1979) "The Catastrophically Uprooted Child: Southeast Asian Refugee Children." In Basic Handbook for Child Psychiatry- Volume I, edited by J.D. Noshpitz et.al. New York: Basic Books.

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. (2001) "HIV / AIDS Surveillance Report"- 13(2):144.
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UK Immigration and European Convention

Words: 8560 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4227806

In the event that the analysis of records of telephone, e-mail and internet use was considered to amount to an interference with respect for private life or correspondence, the Government contended that the interference was justified. First, it pursued the legitimate aim of protecting the rights and freedoms of others by ensuring that the facilities provided by a publicly funded employer were not abused. Secondly, the interference had a basis in domestic law in that the College, as a statutory body, whose powers enable it to provide further and higher education and to do anything necessary and expedient for those purposes, had the power to take reasonable control of its facilities to ensure that it was able to carry out its statutory functions. It was reasonably foreseeable that the facilities provided by a statutory body out of public funds could not be used excessively for personal purposes and that the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

ECHR Case Law - Copland vs. United Kingdom European Court of Human Rights - Council of Europe Copland vs. United Kingdom 3 April 2007 Violation of Art. 8 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Legile Inernetului (2009) Online available at http://www.legi-internet.ro/english/jurisprudenta-it-romania/decizii-cedo/copland-vs.-united-kingdom-echr-case-law.html

Vermeulen, Mathias (2009) UN Special Rapporteur Releases Report on the Role of Intelligence Agencies in the Fight Against Terrorism. 27 Feb 2009. Online available at http://legalift.wordpress.com/2009/02/27/un-special-rapporteur-releases-report-on-the-role-of-intelligence-agencies-in-the-fight-against-terrorism/

Recent Case Law on Asylum and Immigration (2008) Migration Watch.

UK ASYLUM LAW and PROCESS in the human rights law [3.1.6] section of the guide: 3.1.6|1 the IMPACT of HUMAN RIGHTS LAW; and 3.1.6|2 USEFUL RESOURCES (ICAR) 2008. Online available at http://www.icar.org.uk/7013/31-law-and-process/316-human-rights-law.html
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Immigration the United States Is

Words: 1929 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29790676

Advocacy groups, whether private or government-sponsored, ease transition from home to America but being uprooted poses severe psychological and sociological problems that are not easy to fix.

The United States remains one of the only nations to openly welcome immigrants as a national policy; Canada is another. For centuries the United States has relied on immigrant labor to fuel industry and add nuance to the nation's cultural fabric. The United States is no longer viewed as a melting pot because of the increased pride among immigrants in their native cultures and languages. Balancing assimilation with preservation of culture is still the most difficult task for immigrants, many of whom hope for a more stable life in the new world while still retaining the values and lifestyles of their ancestors.

Refugees continue to hold a unique social, economic and political status in the United States. As Tumulty notes, the Hmong assimilated…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Branigin, William. "Immigrants Shunning Idea of Assimilation." The Myth of the Melting Pot. Washington Post. May 25, 1998. Retrieved Jun 14, 2008 at  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/meltingpot/melt0525a.htm 

Clemetson, Lynette. "Bosnians in America: A Two-Sided Saga." The New York Times. April 29, 2007. Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/29/us/29youth.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&adxnnlx=1213585920-/U4w96yxQS4h7/bEHNl%20Ug

Federation for American Immigration Reform. "How Mass Immigration Impedes Assimilation." Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.fairus.org/site/PageServer?pagename=iic_immigrationissuecenters641a

The Great Immigration Panic." The New York Times. June 3, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/03/opinion/03tue1.html
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The Relationship Between Treaties and Australian LAW1

Words: 1723 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38275458

Treaties and Australian Law

A treaty is an agreement that takes place among States (countries) which is binding at international law. In some cases, international organisations can be parties to treaties. An agreement between an Australian State or Territory and a foreign Government will not, therefore, be a treaty. Even if a document is agreed between two or more sovereign countries, it will not be a treaty unless those countries intend the document to be binding at international law. With that said, this paper will discuss the statement in regards to Campbell JA in Samootin v. Shea [2012] NSWCA 378 and will also give particular examples of treaties ratified by the Australian government which have become part of domestic or municipal law.

ackground

Just to give a little synopsis, the Campbell JA in Samootin v. Shea [2012] NSWCA 378 was a judgement that occurred in 2010. It started in 2001,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anon., 2012. Supreme Court of New South Wales - Court of Appeal. [Online]

Available at: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/nsw/NSWCA/2012/378.html

[Accessed 9 April 2016].

Australian Human Rights Commission, 2015. Australia's commitment to children's rights and reporting to the UN. [Online]
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Moral Panic Over Asylum Seekers

Words: 1967 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21109509



Social control can be maintained through proper guidelines and laws. If there will come a time that the multicultural society of Australia may be in need of change, there is always a room for social construction and re-construction as this is always part of the country's initiatives to develop and grow as a country for the people and by the people.

Conclusion

It appears that the Australian government is currently having an exaggerated moral panic over its asylum seekers. Based on a number of reports, this moral panic is just used as part of the propaganda of the new government to get the attention of the people. In fact, neither deviance nor lowering social control is not a problem and should not be considered as one.

Australia has been known for its humanitarian programs for asylum seekers from the very beginning. It was once the refuge of migrants wanting to…… [Read More]

References

Australian National Audit Office. (2001). Management Framework for Preventing Unlawful Entry into Australian Territory. Report No. 57.

Canberra: Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs. (2001). Refugee and humanitarian issues: Australia's response.

Jewkes, Y and Letherby G. (2002). Criminology: A Reader. SAGE Publications Ltd.McMaster, Don (2002). "Asylum Seekers: Australia's Response to Refugees." Melbourne; Melbourne University Press, pp 60

Picketing, Sharon. (2001). "Common Sense and Original Deviancy: News Discourses and Asylum Seekers in Australia," Journal of Refugee Studies, 14(2): 169-86.
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Graph Albendazole Therapy and Enteric Parasites in

Words: 945 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77254455

Graph

Albendazole Therapy and Enteric Parasites in United States -- Bound efugees

Steven J. Swanson, M.D., Christina, . Phares, PhD., Blain Mamo, M.P.H., Kirk E. Smith, D.V.M., PhD., Martin S. Cetron, M.D., and William M. Stauffer, M.D.

New England Journal of Medicine 2012; 366: 1498-1507

This article details a review of data collected for refugees from Africa and Southeast Asia immigrating to the United States from 1993-2007. The data looks at parasites in refugees before and after a mandate by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1999 that all refugees bound for the United States receive a single dose of a drug called albendazole (600 mg) that targets and kills many intestinal parasites.

Plot-Chart

The article presents data in a figure labeled Figure 1 on page 1503. The chart is shown below:

The data in the chart in Figure 1 depicts graphically information contained within Table 3 on…… [Read More]

References

Swanson, S.J.; Phares, C.R.; Mamo, B.; Smith, K.E.; Cetron, M.S.; Stauffer, W.M. Albendazole Therapy and Enteric Parasites in United States -- Bound Refugees. (2012) New England Journal of Medicine 366: 1498-1507.
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Edkins Campbel and Malkki All

Words: 1494 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39780750

(1996) This separation of individuals and groups from the wrongs that have been perpetrated against them in the rhetoric and reality dehumanizes them to a degree and allows discourse on redress and resolution to falter.

Having discussed the main premises of these three, for lack of a better word, philosophers one must now look to Nyers, who discusses the political nature of the status of "refugee" and how in the modern, post 9-11 atmosphere many states have opted to lay a veil of security across international border crossing and refugee status. In the post 9-11 atmosphere it has become common place to "detain" and "deport" those who are seeking political asylum when they come from places of security risk. In short the current situation, cumulative of the highly political and state sponsored international humanitarian body that seeks to divorce individuals and groups from the wrongs that have been done to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Campbell, David. 1998. Why Fight: Humanitarianism, Principles, and Post-structuralism. Millennium 27. 497-521.

Edkins, Jenny. 2003. Humanitarianism, humanity, human.. Journal of Human Rights. ( June) 2(2). 253-258.

Malkki, Liisa H. (1996) Speechless Emissaries: Refugees, Humanitarianism, and Dehistoricization. (August) 11(3). 377- 404.

Nyers, Peter (2003) Abject Cosmopolitanism: The Politics of Protection in the Anti-Deportation Movement. Third World Quarterly. (December) 24(6). 1069-1093.
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Darfur in 2003 Horrific Violence

Words: 2617 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34102014

Afterward, the soldiers dismembered her father in front of her. In another case, a woman reported repeated rapes in front of her nine-month-old daughter. When the daughter cried, soldiers beat her with rifles (Bureau of Democracy, 2004).

While there is no question about the humanitarian crisis in Darfur, we must now examine whether that crisis amounts to state terrorism. According to Oliverio (1997), state terrorism is "associated with the issues of control of territory and resources and the construction of political and ideological domination (52). There are two essential elements that terrorism require to term it state terrorism. First, the state must reinforce the use of violence as an effectual, practical, and extenuating factor for managing conflict of ideas. Secondly, this view must be reinforced by a "culturally constructed and socially organized process" (Oliverio, 1997, 53).

Prendergast (2004) classified the situation in Darfur as state terrorism based on these factors.…… [Read More]

References

AP. (April 11, 2007). Hundreds killed in attacks in eastern Chad. Retrieved December 6, 2007 from Washington Post. Website:  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/10/AR2007041001775.html .

British Broadcasting Company (BBC). (2007). Sudan's Darfur conflict. Retrieved December 6, 2007 from International Crisis Group. Website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3496731.stm.

Bureau of Democracy. (2004). Documenting Atrocities in Darfur, State Publlication 11182. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govt Printing Office.

Gollust, D. (March 20, 2007). U.S. angry over Sudan leader's denial of role in Darfur atrocities. Voices of America. Retrieved December 6, 2007 from Voices of America News. Website: http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2007-03/2007-03-20-voa85.cfm?CFID=168052565&CFTOKEN=11639285.