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robots is becoming more and more widespread throughout the world today. It is interesting to look at how currently available robotics devices can be used to clean the house and now the lawn, as well as the benefits and disadvantages of using robots instead of casual labor.
hen it comes to mowing the yard, a robotics device such as the RoboMower® can be used. This is a "fully automatic lawn mower, designed to mow the lawn completely by itself, with to touch of a button. It is designed for the consumer lawn and can handle any garden that a traditional gas or electric walk mower can handle, irrespective of the shape and slopes of the garden, obstacles and type of lawn (http://www.friendlyrobotics.com./)."
The same company manufactures a vacuum cleaner aimed at easing household cleaning. This vacuum has "properties which automatically adapt to the type of surface being…
(Friendly Robotics. (accessed 17 November, 2004).
That being said, until a robot or computer has the capability of adding to its information on its own (or learning and developing without the aid of human interference), the idea of artificial intelligence is fictional.
David Chalmers writes in his paper ("How Can We Construct a Science of Consciousness?") that it has become possible to think that we are moving toward a genuine scientific understanding of conscious experience. In the paper, Chalmers compares both third-person data and first-person data and talks about how both need some sort of explanation. Based on this paper and others I've read by Chalmers, I believe he would be in support of robotic consciousness to a certain extent. Chalmers often remains subjective in his findings and in the information he presents.
Australian Philosopher David Armstrong, however, strongly defends the identity of mental events and argues the objective of reality in relation to scientific realism.…
Robots: The future or elder care?" Heather Kelly begins by considering the situation faced by many people today: They are aging and in increasing need for assitance or at least for companionship. At the same time, people willing to be trained in caring for the elderly are exponentially diminishing in number. The author points out that, by 2050, 16% of the global population will constitute elderly people. To avoid a crisis in care, Kelly mentions that researchers have begun to look toward technology to help care for the expected increase in elderly people. In addition to automated homes, the author specificially considers the potential of robots to provide services such as detecting distress or simply providing companionship.
Kelly names a number of interesting benfits such robots may hold. They could, for example, play an important role in maintaining sharpness of mind in their owners by offering games, daily chatting, or…
medieval automatons to the first humanoid robot ELEKTRO, from Isaac Asimov's pioneering research to the use of robotic arms in surgery, robotics have been one of the most important areas of applied science throughout history. Robots are being used in almost every industry, allowing the economy to shift towards one that is more service-based and information-oriented. In fact, some recent advancements in robotics shows that artificial intelligence can be combined with the more mundane features of the automaton to create genuinely powerful and intelligent machines that can make decisions and think critically and possibly even creatively. Although it seems like science fiction, robotics remains one of the most important areas of scientific inquiry because these tools have the power to improve medicine and health care, to all types of transportation and communication services, and to advance understanding of the human mind and brain.
The historical background of robotics shows that…
Boucenna, Sofiene, et al. "Learning of Social Signatures Through Imitation Game Between a Robot and a Partner." IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development, Vol. 6, Issue 3, pp. 213-225. 29 April, 2014.
Ford, Martin. Rise of the Robots. New York: Perseus. 2015.
Lin, Patrick, Abney, Keith and Bekey, George A. Robot Ethics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
McNickle, Michelle. "10 Medical Robots that Could Change Healthcare." Information Week. Retrieved online: http://www.informationweek.com/mobile/10-medical-robots-that-could-change-healthcare/d/d-id/1107696 ?
Robots" a Review of Sherry Turkle's book "Alone Together"
Sherry Turkle's book "Alone Together" relates to the contemporary society and to how it has come to be shaped by its relationship with technology. The online environment, as she describes it, is a confusing place where people take on identities that they feel are characteristic to them. Even with this, this gradually makes it difficult for them to be able to comprehend human emotions and they come to replace these respective feelings with ideas they believe to be perfect for their state of mind and the circumstances they are in at the moment when they communicate with each-other.
Jonah Lehrer's essay "We Robots" provides insight on Turkle's book "Alone Together" and to how the writer changed her opinion with regard to the digital age in a fifteen-year period. Lehrer makes it possible for readers to understand matters from Turkle's perspective by…
It is certainly problematic to discuss with regard to the effects technology has on our lives. While Facebook is often categorized as an environment robbing people of their ability to interact in the real world, Lehrer emphasizes the results of a study that showed otherwise. "A 2007 study at Michigan State University involving 800 undergraduates, for instance, found that Facebook users had more social capital than abstainers, and that the site increased measures of "psychological well-being," especially in those suffering from low self-esteem." (Lehrer) This shows that Facebook can actually play an important role in making people gain a complex understanding of social relations and that it can improve their ability to interact with each-other. Many individuals are likely to refrain from using Facebook solely based on rumors with regard to its effects. These people practically refuse to get involved in online social networks without actually understanding what they are all about.
Turkle is right to a certain degree in saying that "we expect more from technology and less from each other." However, it is probable that she attempted to address the problem from a perspective involving the 1995 optimistic individual who expected something else from the internet. The fact that the world did not evolve as she expected it would evolve does not necessarily mean that society suffers as a result of the online environment.
There are several aspects that need to be addressed when considering the online environment and people's tendency to take on particular attitudes as a result of becoming involved in it. When regarding thing strictly from a sociological perspective, it would be wrong to provide a verdict in the present, as the limited information existing with regard to the topic makes it impossible for someone to have a general understanding of it. Turkle simply looks at the negative part of the matter and thus has a biased opinion concerning it.
Industrial obots clearly defines and outlines the general characteristics of an industrial robot. This paper also highlights the technical parts of an industrial robot and how with the help of these parts a robot is able to perform a number of tasks. This paper also species the use of robots in manufacturing.
In 1961, the automatons at General Motor Corporation made a promise of giving the world a flexible automation with high microprocessor power and artificial intelligence. This resulted in full potential industrial robots. The history of robots can be traced back to the 1920s when Karel Capek depicted the world to comprise of millions of intelligent machines that were designed to be perfect and tireless workers. Many people misunderstand what an industrial robot is. They often confuse terms such as remote-controlled, automations and numerical controlled with the term industrial robot. This is due in part to false impressions created…
Industrial Robots Learn All The New Moves. Automation Dartford, England. 1 Oct. 2001.
Kahaner, D.K. Robots And Use In Japan Industry. 28 Feb. 1991. Available on the address http://www.atip.org/public/atip.reports.91/robots.html . Accessed on 19 Mar. 2004.
Mintchell, Gary. Industrial Robots Fast, Nimble At 30. Control Engineering. 1 Nov. 2002.
Teresko, John. Robots Revolution. Industry Week. 1 Sept. 2002.
In fact, in Japan, robots are changing the way people live, work, play and even love, which has led Japan's government to establish a committee to establish safety guideline for the keeping of robots in homes and offices (Faiola; Yamamoto).
However, according to the Daily Yomiuri newspaper, Japan's NEDO institute, which coordinates national science and research development, found it far too difficult to set a single standard to cover the variety of robots, but the panel did ensure that the design of robots at the orld Expo would not harm humans (Faiola; Yamamoto). As interaction between machines and humans in the household becomes more commonplace, safety has become the focus for domestic robot makers (Faiola; Yamamoto).
In January 2005, officials predicted that every household in Japan will own at least one robot by 2015, if not sooner (Faiola; Yamamoto). The year 2005 was dubbed the unofficial "year of the robot"…
Hirohisa, Hirukawa. "Walk this way: humanoid robots are here to stay." Look Japan.
August 01-2003. Retrieved September 21, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
ROBOT PALS: Once an SF Dream, Now a Reality." February 1-2001. Trends in Japan.
Retrieved September 21, 2006 at http://web-japan.org/trends00/honbun/tj010204.html
Before this research was conducted, it could have been possible that none of the identified factors would actually affect peoples' perceptions, or that people would have drastically different experiences based on distance, specific companion robot functions, and the type of behavior exhibited by the companion robots. It was only through experimentation, the next step in the scientific method, that answers to these questions were achieved.
All experiments must control certain variables; in the experiment regarding distance between the companion robots an human subject, all other factors in the relationship were controlled, and it was determined that most people kept a standard social distance form the robots, while a large minority took up closer positions indicating a less social relationship (Walters et al. 2005). By controlling some variables and measuring a wide array of independent and uncontrolled variables, other researchers determined that there were many factors influencing the perception of companion…
Dautenhahn, K., Walters, M., Woods, S., Koay, K., Nehaniv, C…. & Simeon, T. (2006). How may I serve you?: a robot companion approaching a seated person in a helping context. Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGCHI/SIGART conference on Human-robot interaction: 172-9.
Dautenhahn, K., Woods, S., Kaouri, C., Walters, M., Koay, K. & Werry, I. (2005). What is a robot companion - friend, assistant or butler? IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: 1192-7.
Ohkubo, E., Negishi, T., Oyamada, Y., Kimura, R. & Naganuma, M. (2003). Studies on necessary condition of companion robot in the RAA application. IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation 1: 102-6.
Tani, J., Ito, M. & Sugita, Y. (2005). Self-organization of distributedly represented multiple behavior schemata in a mirror system: reviews of robot experiments using RNNPB. Neural Networks 17(8-9): 1273-89.
The popular concept of robots has been colored by stories of mythical mechanical beings dating back to antiquity, and fictional robots (remember "R-2 D-2?") depicted in popular science fiction movies such as the Star ars. Robotics, however, is a serious technology that deals with the design, construction and operation of robots that are used in numerous applications ranging from industries that require accurate and repetitive tasks (such as the car and computer manufacturing industries), dangerous tasks such as diffusing of bombs, and other chores that cannot be performed by humans, e.g., carrying out research on far-away planets, or walking inside live volcanoes. These present-day applications of robotics are bound to grow in future with the development of state-of-the-art technologies such as ever-faster computers, artificial intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology. In this essay we shall examine the subject of robotics in detail. hile doing so we shall see what robots are…
Battles without Troops." Article in Newsweek International: Special Issue. December 2001-February 2002. pp. 38-40
Bekey, George A. "Robot." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003. CD-ROM Version.
Dowling, Kevin. "What is Robotics?" 1996. Robotics: Frequently Asked Questions. February 24, 2003. http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/robotics-faq/1.html
Nanotechnology." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003. CD-ROM Version.
We are also often unaware of the manner in which social forces such as economics, politics, and research professionals shape our technological advances. This is also evidenced in our response to technology that malfunctions; we oftentimes do not seek to understand how to fix it and instead will call in a professional to do so (Bijker, & Law, 1992). This does not make us any more knowledgeable about our own technology, its workings, or its design. One must question if this is due to a lack of knowledge or a purposeful desire to remain uninformed as to not have to face the give and take relationship between technological advances and the good of society.
Technology is not pure and while it provides us with opportunities to function in ways that we have never done before it also has negative aspects that cannot be ignored (Lawson, 2010). While it is difficult…
Asimov, I. (1968). Robot visions. London: Grafton Books.
Bijker, W.E. & Law, J. (1992). Shaping technology, building society: Studies in sociotechnical change. Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Lawson, C. (2010). Technology and the Extension of Human Capabilities. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 40(2), 207-223. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5914.2009.00428.x.
Smith, W. (Executive Producer), & Asimov, A., Goldsman, A., Seitz, H., Vintar, J.
As Isom points out, this timeline "is oviously not an exhaustive history" ut it does cover a wide range of times and places in which roots played major roles. Isom also includes seventeen additional we links and timelines on rootic history.
Williams, Mike. (Novemer 2002). "History of Rootics." Internet. Retrieved at http://www.su.edu/we/MAWILLIAMS/history.html.
This wesite, developed y root fanatic Mike Williams of Ball State University, contains much information of roots and rootics. He egins with an introduction and then covers rootic history, how roots work, the uses of roots, the impact of roots and the future of rootic technologies. Williams also provides a complete list of roots and rootics at various universities throughout the world and ends with a concise reference/iliography list with appropriate we links.
bibliography list with appropriate web links.
personal predictions on what computers will look like and accomplish in 35 years. This prediction will be based upon a large take over by computers in the near future which will exponentially increase the power of artificial intelligence.
In the very near future computers will take over society and run the daily happenings of every single person wishing to consent to this new lifestyle. Not all of the new society will come along, as new more primitive societies will be developed with no reliance on artificial intelligence or computer power. There will also be small remnants of a middle class where some of the new computing power will be used in combination with some older computer technology.
Essentially computers will become invisible to the naked eye as nanotechnology will afford design models to be extremely small. This invisibility of the computing power will have helped the artificial sources of intelligence…
obot Cleaning Machine
Business Plan for a Cleaning obot
Here at Top Not Cleaning Solutions we have a specific position of techniques, beliefs, and regulations for controlling a certain order when we make business decisions such as the idea that developing a new cleaning robot that the committee would like to propose which is the new plan to build, test, and market the new Bot2000. The purpose behind the new Bot2000 is to offer a more competitive machine that has all of the features of our current in home Bots500, and we believe by adding what the Bot1000 does for industries can attract different types of consumers. The buyers who need these cleaning solutions for their homes and businesses will be one of the target consumers as well as people, especially mothers who would like to do a more detailed cleaning of their homes, as well as people who own…
.LogisticsBureau. (2007). Welcome to logistics Bureau supply chain & logistics management consultants. Retrieved from http://www.logisticsbureau.com/
MarketingTeacher.com. (2011). Marketing mix: what is the marketing mix? Retrieved from http://www.marketingteacher.com/lessonstore/lesson-marketing-mix.html
a. Specify the main OBJECTIVE(S) for which you design your robot. This objective should be relevant to your application domain and it should be feasible using the robot assigned to you. Motivate your objective and argue why the robot assigned to you is suited to reach that objective.
The objective I have in mind for “pepper” is to provide travel destination details to the customers who come to my travel agency for information. Instead of my personal input on clients who primarily only want information and don't necessarily want to make travel plans immediately, “pepper” can allow them to be well-informed of all our travel plans through an interactive and fun way. I can teach “pepper” to access our online database and memorise the details of all the travel plans we offer and the fact that he is connected to the internet can allow customers to view the ratings of…
1950, I, Robot is sometimes referred to as a novel, but it is a collection of short stories written over a ten-year period, all but one having appeared in Astounding magazine. There are several characters that do appear in most of the stories, and Asimov had also written connecting passages in order for them to have a more cohesive and episodic flow. The book tells the history of U.S. Robots and Mechanical Men.
In one of the stories, "Little Lost Robot," it is Susan Calvin who is called upon to find the solution. In her first venture away from Earth she travels to HyperBase, where robots and human engineers are endeavoring to create a "hyperatomic" propulsion system in an effort to launch the first interstellar voyages. Due to hazardous radiation conditions necessary for the project the robots' adherance to the Three Laws have been supressed, since before they had been…
Final results reveal far better efficiency in the worksheets for sessions wherein the robot gazed away from, when compared with the session it gazed in the direction of the child, because the child had been entering the worksheets. This had been the situation particularly for the much more tough worksheet elements. These results emphasize the require for cautious execution of social robot conducts to prevent disadvantageous outcomes. Based on Herberg, Feller, Yengin and Saerbeck (2015), outcomes recommend that raising a robot tutor’s interpersonal conducts doesn't inevitably improve children’s studying habits, however at times can in fact hinder children’s learning efficiency. Children success-rate worsened in worksheet words translation activities the moment the robot tutor got involved in watchful conducts, as opposed to when it gazed away. In the worksheets for Latin translation, this kind of watchful drawback impact tended to happen mainly on the more tough elements, with the simpler elements…
The person with the greatest responsibility for the death of Bart Matthews was Ray Johnson. Johnson contributed to the death of Matthews in several ways. The most important of these was ordering the tests to be faked by Yardley. Johnson was in a position of authority over Yardley, and therefore bears a higher degree of responsibility for the outcome of the faked tests. If the tests had not been faked, the error would have been discovered by Yardley or somebody else. Indeed, Johnson seemed to know about the error. Johnson also went around the project head Mr. Reynolds to fake the tests, under the assumption that it was more important for the project to be completed on time than completed correctly. He also incorrectly assumed that a fall back (the interface) would be sufficient to prevent a worst-case outcome. He had no basis for that assumption.
Alexander, L. & Moore, M. (2007). Deontological ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-deontological/
Sinnott-Armstrong, W. (2011). Consequentialism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/consequentialism/
There is a problem with clarity in the question – I've been assigned a robot, and the question accepts that, but the question asks "for which you design your robot." The robot has already been designed, so the question is nonsensical. There is also the claim that terms in capital letters are defined in Looijie – this is also false. Those terms are used in that paper, and form the basis of it, but they are not explicitly defined in that paper. The instructor clearly is not very good at English and this is going to put the paper at risk because of it.
1. The main objective for which Sanbot designed the Elf appears to be for "Hi-level (sic) scenarios in the hospitality, retail and public service…" The sentence is not completed – Sanbot needs a copywriter in the worst way. There is no other information about…
Dennis Hong: My Seven Species of Robot
In this video, Dennis Hong uses most of the speech to introduce each type of robot, its dynamics, and its functions. He is quite detailed about how the robots manage to move. For some, Mr. Hong offers information about its creation process and the various stages of prototype in their development.
Mr Hong ends the video by explaining his creative process. When he wakes up early in the morning, for example, he closes his eyes, opens them, and writes down his impressions. Occasionally, he has a good idea, which he then uses in his work. He also mentions, however, that creativity is only effective when combined with the tools that can be gained from study and hard work. Finally, he mentions one of the most important ingredients of his and his students' work as having fun.
The STriDER, or Self-Excited Tripedal…
Artificial Intelligence / Robotics
Robot Outline Name: Complitar (aka the LoveBunny 3000).
Personal Statement: Greetings, human. I am the LoveBunny 3000, and I offer advice on relationships and also sex. You are here gazing at my glass containment because you are troubled in your relationship, or you seek advice for how to drive your lover wild, or perhaps you just need concrete advice for how to find a lover -- although in these days of social media and nonstop connectedness, if you can't find someone to sleep with you, you're doing it wrong. And that's where I come in. You can ask me any question pertaining to the relationship genre.
My form is that of a classic automaton -- a spooky sort of robotic doll that performs certain functions within a limited and circumscribed physical field. Some may recognize my appearance from a standard fairgrounds type fortune-teller or more specifically…
Baley was capable enough, efficient enough, but he lacked something that Enderby had. Enderby fit the administrative machine perfectly. He was one of those persons who was born for a hierarchy, who was just naturally comfortable in a bureaucracy" (Asimov 37). Enderby worked within the status quo, he did not challenge the closed-minded ways of society within the caves of steel. On the other hand, Baley at his best moments was much more capable than Enderby. However, he represented change and a challenge to the social order.
Moreover, there is a certain uneasiness that Baley experiences in front of Olivaw that shows his overall lack of confidence in himself and his abilities. Baley is afraid that Olivaw might surpass him in terms of his ability to solve crimes and prove himself as a good officer. To a certain extent, Baley is afraid of being outshined by a robot. If this…
Asimov, Isaac. The Caves of Steel. Random House. 1991.
esults and acceptability of the item for key stakeholders
Da Vinci is a lucrative product that has immense contributions to the delivery of health services in many health centres globally. The effectiveness of the product lies on its new entry into the modern market. Da Vinci production and use have enlightened the public and hospital fraternities on new approaches of managing surgery operations. The resultant effects that are going to be felt after using the product are more increasing and beneficial than using the old mechanisms. The innate objective of the tool will improve on delivery of surgery services in ways that are more safe, effective, and affordable to the public. Da Vinci was first introduced as a safe way of improving surgery operations in the hospitals. Moreover, the use of the product had not been made public. Now that the machine will be available in many health…
Athanasiou, T., Debas, H.T., & Darzi, A. (2009). Key topics in surgical research and methodology. Berlin: Springer.
Bahouth, M.N., Bahouth, M.N., Blum, K., & Simone, S. (2013). Transitioning into hospital-based practice: A guide for nurse practitioners and administrators. New York, NY:
Springer Pub. Co.
Gitman, L.J., & McDaniel, C.D. (2009). The future of business: The essentials. Mason, OH:
The first product that will be discussed are the nano-Spiders, created by a group of scientists from Columbia University. These are microscopic robots that are made out of human DNA. The reason they are made out of DNA is that their main purpose is to travel around the human body and be able to identify potential health problems, whenever they exist.
The robot moves along the DNA track because it has been pre-programmed by the scientists to reach a certain goal. This could only have been done by using advanced information technology. ecause of this technology, the robot, which is in the form of a spider with four legs, can go along a certain path that has been programmed by the scientists, to reach the final destination. The legs are made of "enzymatic DNA"
, while the body is formed of a certain protein.
The current prototype is…
1. Daily Mail Reporters. May 2010. Meet the nano-spiders: the DNA robots that could one day be walking through your body. The Daily Mail. On the Internet at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1278133/Meet-nano-spiders-The-DNA-robots-day-walking-body.html . Last retrieved on September 26, 2013
2. Japanese latest invention: the dental training robot that can "feel pain." Mail Online. On the Internet at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-498530/Japans-latest-invention-The-dental-training-robot-feel-pain.html . Last retrieved on September 27, 2013
3. Realistic female robot created to feel pain. The Inquisitir. On the Internet at http://www.inquisitr.com/122256/realistic-female-robot-created-to-feel-pain/ . Last retrieved on September 27, 2013
Daily Mail Reporters. May 2010. Meet the nano-spiders: the DNA robots that could one day be walking through your body. The Daily Mail. On the Internet at
Picard: Like this hearing.
With this acknowledged, Maddox admits Data is intelligent, but lacks self-awareness and consciousness.
Picard: What about self-awareness? What does that mean? Why am I self-aware?
Maddox: Because you are conscious of your existence and actions. You are aware of your own self and your own ego.
Picard: Commander Data. What are you doing now?
Data: I am taking part in a legal hearing to determine my rights and status. Am I a person or am I property?
Picard: And what is at stake?
Data: My right to choose, perhaps my very life.
Really, then, we see that if Data has information about his own beliefs and can extrapolate those consequences, he must then be self-aware and therefore, closer to being human.
Picard: Now tell me Commander [Maddox], what is Data?
Maddox: I don't understand.
Picard: What is he?
Maddox: A machine.
Picard: Are you…
Star Trek: The Next Generation. "Measure of a Man."
Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PM1DidyG-I
Capek, K.R.U.R. Retrieved from:
Retrieved from: Http://wbooks.adelaide.edu.au/c/capek/karel/rur/
For example, before Newton, gravity was not considered a reality because the force of gravity itself cannot be perceived via the senses. The scientific method corrects for sensory shortcomings. However, philosophers must endeavor to think beyond that which the senses deliver.
Morality, Philosophy, and Technology
Discussion 1: Human/Robot Interface
Current robotics technologies depend on strong human controls; no android exists that can survive independently of a human being either for its creation or for its sustenance. No android can therefore be considered alive in any reasonable definition of the word. Therefore, robots are dependent on humans. Robots do not make decisions; humans make decisions and program robots to execute those decisions. In the same way that a human being operates an automatic weapon to kill another person, so too does a human being operate a robot to kill another person. Therefore, human beings are always responsible for the actions carried…
all-E's appreciation for the world and his Eden-like naivete (versus the terrible knowledge brought about by Eve's discovery of the living plant that will bring back humanity), shows how false and world-weary the humans have become in their consumerist bubbles.
There is one particularly marked difference between all-E and the traditional Christian vision of divine grace offered in the Bible, thought. The concept of salvation is usually conceptualized as ascending to heaven and losing one's ties to the earth. For all-E, however, the only grace comes when human beings and the robot return to the planet and reconnect with the ability to move in an earthbound way and to love the earth, as embodied in the tiny planet that still survives and leads them there.
French, Phillip. "all-E." The Guardian. 20 Jul 2008. 6 May 2014.
Genesis. Bible Gateway. 6 May 2014.
Murphy, M. "Anatomy of…
French, Phillip. "Wall-E." The Guardian. 20 Jul 2008. 6 May 2014.
Genesis. Bible Gateway. 6 May 2014.
The same goes for same -- sex marriages of men. In regards to these, Ralph edgwood has pointed that "while the argument in favor is compelling, its opponents have a point." (2012) by that, he meant that, whereas those who favour such marriages often point to legal rights, the ones on the other side seem to have a stronger argument to favour their position: that marriage is inextricably traditional and "imbued with social meaning." However, it is our opinion, that marriage faces two extreme fates: it is either going to be defended as fundamentally traditional to such an extend that we will have no other choise but to return to its initial context or, secondly, it will lose its traditional value and social meaning. It is possible that same -- sex marriages will eventually be accepted by society and allowed everywhere, while it may also lose its religious affiliation, meaning…
Choi, Charles Q. "Forecast: Sex and Marriage with Robots by 2050." LiveScience, 12 Oct. 2007. Web. 21 June 2013. < http://www.livescience.com/1951-forecast-sex-marriage-robots-2050.html >
Conger, Cristen. "Are married people happier than singles?" HowStuffWorks.com, 01 June 2009. Web. 21 June 2013.
DePaulo, Bella. "Living Single: The Truth About Singles in our Society." Psychology Today, 15 March 2013. Web. 21 June 2013.
"Marriage and Divorce." (Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology). American Psychological Association. Web. 21 June 2013. < http://www.apa.org/topics/divorce/>
Allen is saying that all of the wonders of technology can never replace tow people connecting and trusting each other. I completely agree with these concepts and given Mr. Allen's wit and comedic sense, am thankful it was made. Finally any film made during a specific period of time can't help but reflect the values of society at the time. The open discussions about sexuality and sex make light of society's open and free attitudes about these areas of the human experience in 1973.
Why Sleeper is a Classic
Sleeper will always be a classic because it combines Mr. Allen's slapstick and vaudevillian comedic approaches while integrating his favorite music, which is jazz and ragtime. In addition the triumph of the human spirit and human emotions, as chaotic and mercurial as they can be, will always be superior to technology. The use of technology as a means to coerce and…
George O'Har. "Technology and Its Discontents " Technology and Culture 45.2 (2004): 479-485.
..hile older children and adults understand the inherent bias of advertising, younger children do not, and therefore tend to interpret commercial claims and appeals as accurate and truthful information," said psychologist Dale Kunkel, Ph.D., Professor of Communication at the University of California at Santa Barbara and senior author of the task force's scientific report. (Kunkel, et.al, 2004)
The Lego ads, when seen by younger children who "do not understand persuasive intent in advertising," might feel as if the balance of the world really does hang in their hands -- and an older child might be confused by the overlapping techniques of advertising, which blur the lines between advertising with a persuasive ulterior motive to encourage consumption, and entertainment in the form of cartoons. This confusion might be another reason for the greater efficacy of movie and product tie-ins with children's advertising."(Briesch, Bridges, & Kim, 2004) This fact is seconded by…
Briesch, Richard, Eileen Bridges, & Chi Kin (Bennett) Yim. (Nov 2004) "Advertising
Decisions and Children's Product Categories." SMUCox. Retrieved 6 Dec 2006 at http://www.cox.smu.edu/article/research/research.do/114
Campbell, Margaret & Amna Kirmani. (2000). Consumers' Use of Persuasion
Knowledge: The Effects of Accessibility and Cognitive Capacity on Perceptions of an Influence Agent." Journal of Consumer Research. Vol. 27. Pp.69-83. Retrieved 6 Dec 2006 at http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/resolve?id=doi:10.1086/314309&erFrom=8138845525183247928Guest
" Turkle claims that "our fragile planet needs our action in the real," which is exactly what the little girl was trying to point out. Her appreciating the animatronic animals more than the real ones is a product of technology saturation.
Technology has become an annoyance: we all experience the "sense of encroachment of the device" on our personal time and it is difficult to cut ourselves off from the world. Yet technology is a blessing. Turkle points out that the shy and inhibited are hiding behind their virtual selves. Indeed they are: to their advantage. Many readers would agree that technology has allowed the shy and socially awkward to engage socially with others without having to sweat or take anxiety medication.
Being constantly connected with the world is a choice we make. Technology is not deadening us to the world, as Turkle implies. Quite the opposite: technology is enhancing…
.....humans interact with technology in increasingly sophisticated and meaningful ways, the ethical and philosophical questions posed by artificial intelligence start to become more pressing than ever before. The science fiction genre has promoted as ambivalent a relationship between humans and technology as scientists and futurists have. Both the potential benefits and drawbacks of artificial intelligence have been explored, asking human beings involved in the development of AI technology to consider the ramifications of their work. For example, Nick Bostrom has indicated the need for developers of artificially intelligent systems to work with cognitive scientists to mitigate risk by programming AI from the beginning to act only in the best interests of humans (Shead 1). However, the assumption that AI will somehow eventually need or want to compete with human beings with the potential to overcome or conquer human beings is just that: an assumption. It is a flawed assumption because…
Going beyond this, Benjamin is talented in many other areas as well, which is testament to his exceptionalism. He was a team leader during the 2009 World Robot Olympiad, representing Taipei City and Taipei County. He demonstrated outstanding leadership and I felt that they took a very creative approach to problem-solving. Although they did not win, I found their effort to be truly special.
He is also a swimmer, and takes the same dedication to that pastime as to all of his other endeavors. He performs all four disciplines -- freestyle, backstroke, butterfly and breaststroke -- which I feel suits his character very well. He is just an incredibly well-rounded young man.
Each year in September we hold what is known as a "Basic Competency Test" for all 8th grade students who are entering high schools here in Taiwan. Benjamin scored 99% on this exam. He has already been accepted…
Potentially, this changes the way profit is used to build a larger network of computer users who now wish to harness the power of technology to develop a new world.
Chapter: 9 Socioeconmics
Berlin Wall Falls/Soviet Union Collapses
Citation: Koeller, D. (2003), Fall of the Berlin Wall. WebChron.
Tags: Political innovation, political/social upheaval, modernism in Europe
Summation: By the end of 1989, the Soviet-backed regimes of Eastern Europe no longer existed and the Berlin Wall, the quintessential symbol of the Cold War, had been decimated. This dissatisfaction with communism as practiced Soviet style was now being openly criticized, even in the ussian epublic, the so-called "homeland of communism." Extreme vocal critiques came first from the outlying republics and the ethnic minorities, many of who had been living in a tradition of autocracy for centuries. Gorbachev's message of change and openness, despite the appeal in the West, stripped the…
1972 in Review." (January 1973). UPI.Com.
Retrieved from: http://www.upi.com/Audio/Year_in_Review/Events-of-1972/1972-Election/12305688736666-2/#title
Butterworth, T. (May 24, 2007). Fifteen People Who Changed The World. Forbes.
Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/2007/05/23/people-changed-world-tech-07rev_cz_tb_0524changers.html
The NIH (2014) defines robotic surgery as "a method to perform surgery using very small tools attached to a robotic arm", wherein the surgeon operates the robot. Robotic surgery was developed to enable the performance of surgical procedures through smaller cuts than open surgery. The robot is capable of smaller, more precise movements that would be possible with a human arm. It is also much easier for the surgeon to work with the surgical tools than would be possible with, say, an endoscope. The NIH notes that robotic surgery is used for an increasing range of procedures, including coronary artery bypass, cancer excision, gall bladder removal, hip replacement, hysterectomy, kidney transplants and pyloroplasty (NIH, 2014).
The minimal invasiveness of robotic surgery means that there is lower risk to the patient during the course of the surgery, and that the post-surgery healing time is lower, and less risky as…
Michael Cooley (1972) has suggested that the drawing office has been downgraded in importance as a result of the finer division of labor in engineering that began in the 1930s. He described how the creative design element had become increasingly separated from the work of executing drawings. The fragmentation of shop floor jobs was, according to Cooley, paralleled by fragmentation of the job of the designer/drafter. Until the 1930s, drafters in ritain were responsible for designing a component, stress testing it, selecting materials for it, writing the specifications, and liaising with the shop floor and customers. ut starting in the 1930s, these functions were progressively broken down into separate jobs and taken over by various specialists, such as stress testers, metallurgists, tribologists, methods and planning engineers, and customer liaison engineers, leaving drafters with only the job of drawing (3D Systems Corporation, 2001).
In effect, in the ritain of the 1930s,…
3D Systems Corporation. 2001, 3D Systems. Retrieved Nov 3, 2011. from the World Wide Web: www.3dsystems.com/
Brown, Richard D. 2009, Knowledge Is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700 -- 1865. New York: Oxford University Press.
Chandler, Alfred D. Jr., 1977, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Cooley M. 1972, Computer-Aided Design-Its Nature and Implications. Richmond, Surrey: AUEW/TASS.
freshman students, who may be have taken this subject as a major or have opted for a course in any computer-related field such as rtificial Intelligence.
Robotics is a branch of engineering that deals with the conception, design, manufacture and operation of robots. This field is a combination of electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and bioengineering. The first person to coin the term 'robotics' was Isaac simov, author of science fiction books in the 1940's. This term was used in a short story, where simov used three principles to illustrate the behavior of robots as smart machines. The three principles are as follows:
Robots must never harm human beings.
Robots must follow instructions from humans without violating rule 1.
Robots must protect themselves without violating the other rules.
robot is defined as follows:
reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions…
A robotics - a what is definition, http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/0,sid9_gci520361,00.html
Robot Institute of America, 1979
The Author of Robots Defends Himself - Karl Capek, Lidove noviny, June 9, 1935, translation: Bean Comrada
" (Johnson, 2005) the notion of ruling against the defendant in all identity theft or related cases may establish the wrong precedent for future cases. "On the other hand, if liability is too readily assessed, it will have the power to bankrupt valuable enterprises because of the often vast numbers of potential plaintiffs and consequent extensive resulting damages." (Johnson, 2005)
Internet security and identity theft is a very pervasive problem globally. In fact, most every nation with a web presence must deal with the same issue of hackers breaching server security or web browser security and stealing identities or other destructive behavior with malicious intent. The United States has a much more serious issue in this realm, however, when compared to countries within Europe, Asia, Africa, ussia, and South America. Although the threat remains global and can affect any nation at any time, the probability of identity theft in America…
Anthes, G. (2010) Security in the Cloud. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(11), 16. Retrieved December 14, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2198161791).
Babcock, C. (2010) Cloud Computing Differences Between U.S. And Europe. Information Week. Retrieved from: http://www.informationweek.com/news/government/cloud-saas/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=224202598
2009. New Straits Times. Cyber security challenges. Retrieved from: http://www.lexisnexis.com.rlib.pace.edu/lnacui2api/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T10848791436&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T10848791439&cisb=22_T10848791438&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=151977&docNo=13
Campbell K., Gordon L., Loeb M., Zhou L. The economic cost of publicly announced information security breaches: empirical evidence from the stock market. Journal of Computer Security Vol.11 Number 3/2003 pgs 431-448
"New Generation Robot Project"
Projected Baseline Costs
EV Cost Parameters
Monthly Data of EV/PV/AC
RAMBOTICS Corporation is working on an exciting new project that is referred to as the "New Generation Robot Project." The project charter has scheduled the project kickoff to be on the 1st of January, 2016. However, this analysis represents an overview of the project's status report after the project has been managed for roughly eight months after fast-forwarding to August 2016.
The project has activities that fall within one of nine different categories (illustrated below). The project works its way through the robot's electronics, components, and software before attempting to design the robots body and finalizing an overall design.
A Electrical Design
IRobot (Nasdaq: IRBT) company designs and markets robots for a variety of markets (manufacturing is outsourced). The company markets cleaning robots to consumers, but also has a variety of products aimed at the police, military and undersea research markets as well. The retail business is conducted through national retailers and the company's online store. It markets to government, the military and institutions through those institutions' purchasing processes. Among the more well-known of iRobot's products are its bomb-disposal robots, the Roomba vacuuming robot and its Seaglider unmanned underwater robot.
iRobot has a wide range of strengths. The firm has a unique market position. There are few competitors in the household robot niche. Although iRobot's products are still limited in terms of functionality, they are ahead of the competitive curve, giving iRobot some first mover advantages in this nascent industry. iRobot faces more competition with respect to military and research robots but…
Financial statements from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved April 16, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=IRBT
Weiner, Tim. (2005). New Model Army Soldier Rolls Closer to Battle. New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2009 from http://www.nytimes.com/2005/02/16/technology/16robots.html?_r=1&pagewanted=1
iRobot Corporation 2008 Form 10-K. Retrieved April 16, 2009 from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/IRBT/615109736x0x287542/b2538720-118b-4411-8114-15da2107f4aa/iRobot2009ProxyAnnualReport.pdf
Kubrick himself suggested the baton be passed onto Spielberg due to that director's unique abilities.
The play was originally-based Brian Aldiss's short story "Supertoys Last All Summer Long," on which a.I. is based, in 1983 (Corliss 1-3). In the Kubrick formulation, the world is a lot darker and Gigolo Joe is much more aggressive. According to Corliss in the "Joe was much more aggressive, more twisted." Here he is, in Spielberg's word, David's "scoutmaster." Spielberg did this to solve many of the problems Spielberg had with the text, Joe being one of the biggest problems. By softening things and making them more human and less dark, he provided solution to the problem (Ibid 1). The Flesh Fair and Rouge City are vintage Kubric and remained a part of the body of the work. Garish scenery completes this menagerie Spielberg identifies himself with the abandoned child (ibid 2).
It is the…
Corliss, Richard. Time 17 June 2001: 1-3. Web. 3 Nov 2010.
In this case it is a robot the outcast one that has to overcome the misgivings of the world around him. This would become to model of many other robot stories of our time, about the eternal battle between humans and machines, and the myth that humans can create machines powerful enough to destroy them. However the story has a bit of reality in it, since humans do use robots to do the house work. Only that they still haven't created one that would perform all activities together, but design one specific robot for each task. They don't look human-like, perhaps, especially to avoid this kind of emotional conflict between machines and their owners.
The story was written in 1951, when the world's image of robots was much different than it is today. In spite of all the technologic and scientific advances made by that period, in the mid 20th…
1- 'The complete robot" by Isaac Asimov, 2000, BBC Home, Accessed January 18, 2007, http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A455898
2- "Satisfaction Guaranteed, Robot Story," 2002, Accessed January 18, 2007, http://homepage.mac.com/jhjenkins/Asimov/Stories/Story234.html
3- "Satisfaction Guaranteed," 2006, Wikipedia Accessed January 18, 2007, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satisfaction_Guaranteed
It is essential fo company manages, safety pactitiones and manufactuing enginees to be infomed of and gain sufficient knowledge about cuent eseach developments in this field and implement safety stategies as well as systems to minimize occupational health and safety isks. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Active and pocedual isk management stategies ae impotant elements in any manufactuing unit. Active isk management efes to implementing intelocks, alams and mitigation systems that can detect a hazad and immediately shut down o set the system into a safe position. Pocedual isk management efes to implementing safety checklists, opeato taining, standad opeating pocedues and seveal such people dependent management systems. Ceating "inheently safe design stategies" in a manufactuing unit would involve fou key stategies. These ae minimizing, modeating, substituting and simplifying systems. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Despite all safety guidelines, accidents still occu mainly as a esult of human complacence…
references and further reading you must purchase this article.
Ellacott, Michael V; Reed, Sue. Review: Development of Robust Indoor Air Quality Models for the Estimation of Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in Buildings. Indoor and Built Environment, vol. 8, no. 6, 1999. pp: 345-360.
Falzon, Pierre. Enabling safety: issues in design and continuous design. Cognition, Technology & Work, vol.10, no. 1, Jan 2008, pp: 7-14.
Fleming, Mary Louise; Parker, Elizabeth. 2007. Health promotion: principles and practice in the Australian context. Ligare Book Printer, Sydney.
International Labour Organization. Occupational safety & health. 2009. Retrieved 12 November, 2009 from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/sectors/mee/safety.htm
Future of CNC Machines (Computer Numerical Control)
Size of CNC Machines in the Future
Price of CNC Machines in the Future
Use of CNC Machines in the Future
Precision of CNC Machines in the Future
Use of Nanotechnology in Improving CNC Machining
Economy of CNC Machines in the Future
Maintenance of CNC Machines in the Future
Skills Level of CNC Machine Operators in the Future
Future of CNC Machines (Computer Numerical Control)
Size of CNC Machines in the Future
It appears likely that CNC machines will be smaller and more compact in the future, as evidence in a report entitled "Modular Desktop CNC Machine." Reported is a new prototype, which is "26" by 20" with a useable cutting area of 18" x 12." It is designed using only the best linear motion components and is made to be as robust as possible." (Kickstarter, 2012) The design of the frame…
Anderberg, S. And Kara, S. (nd) Energy and cost efficiency in CNC machining. Life Cycle Engineering & Management Research Group, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia The 7th CIRP Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing.
Anderberg, S., Beno, T. And Pejryd (nd) Energy and Cost Efficiency in CNC Machining from a Process Planning Perspective. The 9th Global Conference on sustainable Manufacturing. Retrieved from: http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:445222/FULLTEXT01
CNC Machine will be the future way to go green (2011) Machinery China. 17 May 2011. Retrieved from http://machinerychina.wordpress.com/2011/05/17/cnc-machine-will-be-the-future-way-to-go-green/
CNC Machining Companies (2009) Retrieved from: http://www.cncmachiningcompanies.net/144/applications-of-precision-cnc-machining-in-the-world-today/
Pike iver Technical Case Study
Pike ivera Technical Case Study
The strategy of PCM management was to outsource most aspects of the mine design (including the mine electricity supply and ventilation) and the operation of the mine (including constructing the mine, extracting the coal, and financial, environmental and safety processes). Drawing on strategic management principles, explain why this management strategy would have been adopted and explain the problems of this approach.
Drawing on the strategic management principles, this strategy would have been adopted because PCM's long-term mine plan had been to mature roadways to the north-west corner of the mine, and then once that has been done, establish a second intake and create hydro mining in that area, and for mining to retreat back to pit bottom over the life of the mine -- about 19 years. The plan would have been adopted because the second intake, had it been…
Davidson, N. (2013, April 5). Pike River: Lessons for directors and senior leaders. Retrieved from http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:zgUIa23xQJgJ:www.zeroharm.org.nz/assets/docs/case-studies/Pike-River-Case-Study.pdf+&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us
MacFie, R. (2013, October 2). Tragedy at Pike River Mine. Retrieved from http://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/news/west-coast/9407313/Book-Excerpt-Tragedy-at-Pike-River-Mine
New Zealand Parliament Hansard. (2006, November 6). Retrieved from Urgent Debates -- Pike River Mine Disaster -- Release of Report, Government Response, and Ministerial Resignation.: http://www.parliament.nz/en-nz/pb/debates/debates/50HansD_20121106_00000008/urgent-debates - -- -pike-river-mine-disaster -- release-of-report
Royal Commission into the Pike River Coal Mine Tragedy. (2010, October 5). Retrieved from Commission's report- Volume One.: http://pikeriver.royalcommission.govt.nz/ Volume-One-What-Happened-at-Pike-River
Robotics: How Close Are e to Creating a Bionic Man?
hile the creation of a 'bionic man' similar to the Six Million Dollar Man of the 70s television series or the gun-slinging robot of estworld may still be the realm of popular sci-fi, technology has developed to a stage where we are closer to such a possibility than ever before. Some of these technologies include robotics, the development of organic polymers that could be used as artificial muscles, nano-technology, and artificial intelligence (AI). In this paper we will review the latest developments in the relevant technologies to find how close we are to developing a 'bionic man.'
Apart from the availability of the required technology, one of the factors that would eventually determine if (or how soon) we are able to develop a bionic man is -- the urgency or need for such a development. This is because technology does…
Barnes, Peter. "Bionic Limbs for Amputees." September 23, 2002. Tech TV Website. October 1, 2002. http://www.techtv.com/news/scitech/story/0,24195,3400267,00.html
Battles without Troops." Article in Newsweek International: Special Issue. December 2001-February 2002. pp. 38-40
Bekey, George A. "Robot." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2002.
McCarthy, John. "What Is Artificial Intelligence?" Stanford University: Computer Science Department Website. July 20, 2002. October 1, 2002. http://www-formal.stanford.edu/jmc/whatisai/whatisai.html
Available at http://www.forbes.com/2006/08/17/robot-egang-history_06egang_cz_ec_0817robotintro.html
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FID Technology in the Military
adio frequency identification (FID)
adio frequency identification (FID) is a term used to refer to an electronic system that transmits in form of serial numbers that are distinct, the identity of a person or an object in a wireless manner with the aid of radio frequencies. The FID is categorized under the wider automatic identification technologies category (Association of Automatic Identification and Mobility, 2011). The FID are intelligent bar codes that are connected to a networked system and can communicate back and forth with it.
The FID is nowadays used all around us, from the supermarket items to the pet ID tags, toil booths, gas stations and several security items. Unlike the predecessor UPC bar-code, the FID does not require any contact or line of sight in order for communication to be enabled between the tagged item and the centre of the system. The data…
Army of Robots, (2011). Development of Military Robots. Retrieved September 10, 2010 from http://www.armyofrobots.com/discussion-development-military.html
Association of Automatic Identification and Mobility, (2011). Technologies: RFID / What is
RFID? Retrieved September 10, 2010 from http://www.aimglobal.org/technologies/RFID/what_is_rfid.asp
Brian F, (2011). Pros and Cons of RFID Technology. Retrieved September 10, 2010 from http://ezinearticles.com/?Pros-and-Cons-of-RFID-Technology&id=522015
Outsourcing ensures that the development as well as the startups of the businesses is faster and improved.
Outsourcing in Foxconn
Foxconn is one of the world's leading and most famous electronic manufacturing service providers. One of the most recent outsourcing-based moves that have been made by Foxconn includes terminating more than a million employees and replacing these with robots (Brown and ilson 88). The main reason that was given by the representatives of the company was that more than 1.3 million employees were responsible for doing repetitive tasks in the manufacturing sections and the tasks were mind numbing based on which more errors were being seen in the performance of the employees. On the other hand, in the modern days, the manufacturing is a costly plan and when it comes to paying salaries and wages to more than a million employees, it is beyond being affordable. Thereby in the modern…
Bragg, M. Steven. Outsourcing: a guide to-- selecting the correct business unit-- negotiating the contract-- maintaining control of the process. Edition 2. John Wiley and Sons, 2006.
Brown, D. And Wilson, S. The black book of outsourcing: how to manage the changes, challenges, and opportunities, Wiley Desktop Editions. John Wiley and Sons, 2005.
Burkholder, C. Nicholas. Outsourcing: the definitive view, applications and implications. John Wiley and Sons, 2006.
Corbett, F. Michael. The Outsourcing Revolution: Why it Makes Sense and How to Do it Right, Kaplan Financial Series. Kaplan Publishing, 2004.
The worker on a fast line such as a candy cane maker has little control over their environment. They must perform more like machines themselves. The welder on an auto manufacturing line may have more control over their environment. For instance they may make the welds necessary and then press a button to send the car on down the line. They control how fast the line moves. However, it is much more important for the welds to be performed correctly. If an imperfect candy cane goes out, the consequences are less serious than if a car frame is welded incorrectly. This is the different amounts of control that a worker has in the speed of production.
More experienced welders would be able to make the welds faster than inexperienced welders. However, speed is not the most important element when welding automobile frames. They must be done right, even if a…
Feirer, M. (2002). Prototypes in Industrial Design: Once a Design Goes Digital, All Sorts of Things Are Possible. The Technology Teacher. 61 (5): 24.
Fitzgerald, G., Leven, F., Riedel, J., and Toenshoff, B. (2003). The Design of Computerized Practice Fields for Problem Solving and Contextualized Transfer. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. 12 (4): 377.
Garmire, E. (2002). The Engineering Design Method. The Technology Teacher. 62 (4): 22.
Polakoff, J. (1990). Computer Integrated Manufacturing: A New Look at Cost Justifications Journal of Accountancy. 169 (3): 24.
First coming to theaters in 1984, The Terminator was a movie that captured audiences and enveloped them in a world of unknown- robots, intelligence, destruction and the future. The cyborg assassin in the movie fostered society's greatest fear- technology that developed so rapidly that people would not be able to control it. ut to what end could this scientific fantasy movie become a reality? Could the laptops that people use everyday suddenly be able to think, act and even cause the destruction similar to that in the blockbuster movie? As technology develops at a rapid pace in modern day society, it solicits the all important question, can computers think?
Foremost, an understanding to the term and concept of thinking must be established as a foundational framework to move forward with the dilemma of computers being able to think. There are two different components to the concept of thinking:…
Barnett, Emma. (2009, June 23). A robot displaying human emotion has been unveiled. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/news/5612292/A-robot-displaying-human-emotion-has-been-unveiled.html
Skirry, Justin. (2008, September 13). Rene descartes (1596 -- 1650): overview. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/descarte/
The age of intelligent machines; can computers think?. (2001, February 21). Retrieved from http://www.kurzweilai.net/the-age-of-intelligent-machines-can-computers-think
In spite of research gaps, medical robotics is a growing trend in the United States.
Advances in Medical Robotics (Diana, 2011)
Hybrid Assistive Limb 5 (HAL5) is an artificially powered ecoskeleton that helps double the amount of weight someone can carry unaided.
DaVinci Si HD Surgical System performs minimally invasive surgery through superior visualization and greater precision, with incisions of one to two centimeters causing less pain and speedier recovery. It reduces the hospital stay to one half and costs one third less.
Sofie incorporates force feedback allowing a surgeon to feel the pressure they apply making sutures and pushing tissue aside. Sofie is expected to develop in five years.
Cyberknife Robotic Radiosurgery System is a non-invasive alternative to surgery for treatment of cancerous and non-cancerous tumors.
Nursebot is designed to specifically help elderly deal with daily activities allowing them to live at home.
RIA is designed to…
Davies, B. (2006). Essay: Medical robotics -- a bright future. The Lancet, vol 368, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69929-7, S53-S54.
Diana, a. (2011, Jan 29). 12 Advances in Medical Robotics. Retrieved from InformationWeek Healthcare: http://www.informationweek.com/healthcare/patient/12-advances-in-medical-robotics/229100383
Huang, G.P. (2006). Robotics and clinical research: Collaborating to epand the evidence-based for rehabilitation. JRRD, 43(5), xiii-xvi.
Seaman, a. (2013, Jan 4). Racial gaps in access to robotic prostrate surgery. Retrieved from Yahoo Health: http://health.yahoo.net/news/s/nm/racial-gaps-in-access-to-robotic-prostrate-surgery
Computers are being used in applications that gauge the pollution in the air and water and other areas of the earth environment. These applications are useful in determining the source of the pollution and in assisting in informing researchers what might be done to reduce such pollution.
Air Pollution Emission
One such application in computing pollution is described in the work of Emad, Sayed, and Kassem (nd)[footnoteef:1] who report that smoke is one common source of air pollution. Specifically stated is that the "rising process of smoke depends on atmospheric ambient, meteorological conditions, emission parameters, such as the atmospheric stratification, initial emission momentum and temperature, wind direction and speed as well as turbulent behaviors, and so on." (Emad, Sayed, and Kassem, nd, p.1) The smoke dilution process and scope are of great interest to environmentalists since regional air quality is affected critically by dispersion of pollutants. eported as…
Emad, AA., Sayed, M.E., and Kassem K.O. (nd) Computer Simulation for Dispersion of Air Pollution Released from a Line Source According to Gaussian Model. Canadian Journal on Computing in Mathematics, Natural Sciences, Engineering & Medicine Vol. 1, No. 3, April 2010. Online available at: http://ampublisher.com/April%202010/CMNSEM-1004-013.pdf.
Hemann, J. And Granger, B. (nd ) Parallel Computing with IPython: An Application to Air Pollution Modeling. Available online at: http://conference.scipy.org/scipy2010/slides/josh_hemann_airpollution_acrobat.pdf
Maringanti, Chetan and Chaubey, Indrajeet (nd ) High Performance Computing Application to Address Non-Point Source Pollution at a Watershed Level. Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Purdue University. Online available at: https://engineering.purdue.edu/ecohydrology/Chetan/ASABE2009.pdf
Swarms of Tiny Robots to Monitor Water Pollution (2002) Daily University Science News. UNISCI online available at: http://www.unisci.com/stories/20021/0114026.htm
Science Fiction Stories -- Comparisons / Contrasts
all-E & Blade Runner -- Utopia vs. Dystopia
The two well-known science fiction films that are critiqued in this paper -- all-E and Blade Runner -- will be critiqued and contrasted as to the following dichotomies: utopia and dystopia; technophobia and technophilia; and futurity and nostalgia. Thesis: these films both delve into the potentially disastrous environmental future for the planet, and each in its own way provides an alternative future.
all-E and Utopia: This ravaged planet is no utopia in the traditional sense, for sure, but all-E has evolved over the past 700 years; some kind of mutation perhaps is what has allowed him to survive in a highly radioactive environment. To survive alone with the exception of a cockroach (which is one of the few species that can survive horrendous polluting events like radiation) is proof of his survivability. After all, utopia…
Bennett, Jane. The Enchantment of Modern life: Attachments, Crossings, and Ethics.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2001.
Brooker, Will. The Blade Runner Experience: The Legacy of a Science Fiction Classic. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.
Jenkins, Mary. "The Dystopian World of Blade Runner: An Ecofeminist Perspective. The Trumpeter Journal of Ecosphy. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://trumpeter.athabascau.ca .
Disruptive Technologies for the Military
Disruptive technologies are innovations that aid in creating new markets, eventually going on to disturb or even dismantle the current value networks and market, and to displace an older technology. Clayton M. Christensen, a professor at Harvard Business School, coined this term, now used frequently in technology and business literature for describing innovations that bring about improvements to any service or product, in ways not expected by the market (Lucas, 2012). The Professor first made use of the term in his best-seller "The Innovator's Dilemma" (published in the year 1997), wherein he classified new technologies into two groups: disruptive and sustaining. The former category refers to novel, inadequately refined technology, typically associated with performance issues, known only to some group(s), and normally lacking any proven practical use. Meanwhile, the latter category includes familiar technologies undergoing successive improvements. Disruption may be viewed from another perspective, if…
Brimley, S., FitzGerald, B., Sayler, S. & Singer, P.W. (SEPTEMBER 2013). Game Changers: Disruptive Technology and U.S. Defense Strategy, Center for American New Security
Christiansen, C. (1997). The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail, Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
FitzGerald, B., Sayler, K., Lynn III, W.J. & Stavridis, J. (JUNE 2014). Creative Disruption Technology, Strategy and the Future of the Global Defense Industry, Center for American New Security.
Fonseca, M. (03/02/2014). Guide to 12 Disruptive Technologies. IntelligentHQ.com digital, retrieved from http://www.intelligenthq.com/technology/12-disruptive-technologies / on 20 February 2016
Information technology is one of the major trends in today\\'s world, and it is changing every professional. It is imperative for healthcare leaders to understand the emerging information technologies, and how those technologies can transform the delivery of healthcare and the administration of healthcare institutions.
There are several different technologies that will transform the healthcare field in the coming decade. Already, we have seen the emergence of distance health care. While initially developed for rural communities, the increasing use of apps, ubiquitous high speed internet, and new applications of long-distance health care promises to shift more care to the home, including many diagnostic functions previously only available at healthcare facilities.
Artificial intelligence is the next wave in the development of healthcare decision-making systems. AI will advance such systems by imbuing them with the capacity to learn, to continually upgrade their knowledge, to build on what they learn. These systems…
Economic Concens in Film
Metopolis, Invasion of the Body Snatches and La Jetee span fou decades, although the latte two could be consideed examples of Cold Wa science fiction. Metopolis was set duing the Weima Republic, although cetain scenes wee eeily pophetic of Nazism, but in eality the city itself could also have been New Yok o any othe uban cente of the futue. Fo diecto Fitz Lang, the city was a symbol of Fodist mass poduction and mass consumption, with the wokes down below butalized by povety, hunge and dull, outine, obot-like jobs, while at the same time, the middle and uppe classes above wee also dehumanized by mindless hedonism and nihilism, o dull, confomist cleical and administative wold. Dehumanization was also a majo theme of La Jetee, in which the suvivos of a nuclea holocaust live undegound, lacking even the basic necessities of food, wate and medical cae,…
references to these. Only superficially does the world of Santa Mira still resemble an American town, since the main work of its residents had become production and distribution of seed pods, which they distributed to surrounding towns. In this work, they were like a totalitarian hive of worker bees or ants, having only the instinct to survive. Of course, they also had to eliminate any internal dissent by converting everyone in town to creatures like themselves, with Dr. Miles Bennell and his lover Becky Driscoll as the last human holdouts. They attempt to escape, with everyone in town pursuing them, although Miles loses Becky when she falls asleep and turns into one of 'them'. Only at the very end did Miles manage to convince the humans on the outside that they are in grave danger and that the authorities must be called in to deal with Santa Mira before this alien virus spreads completely out of control.
Both Body Snatchers and Metropolis have happy endings, even though these feel more than a bit contrived, while La Jetee is grim from start to finish. Civilization survives in the first two films, even though the real question might be whether such a society should have survived at all. Lang's vision of middle class charity and humanitarianism bringing about a reconciliation of capital and labor looks very unlikely given the extreme divisions presented between the underground and aboveground worlds in that film. Nazism restrained class conflict mainly by abolishing organized labor and leftist political parties, and using police state methods against all dissent, and history shows that the workers only received justice and a fair share of the social pie when they were politically well organized and able to vote. La Jetee does not even make a pretense that civilization is being saved, since what little of it survived the Third World War resembled an underground Nazi concentration camp, with prisoners experimented upon and exterminated to suit the needs of their overlords. Both of these films reflect grimmer European historical circumstances that Body Snatchers, which is certainly a disturbing and creepy film by American standards, but with a Hollywood ending in which the hero saves the day in the end. Although the world of the pod people in Santa Mira still looks like Middle America on the surface, they have all been infected by some alien virus that turns their town into a totalitarian police state run by zombies, robots and clone, lacking human individuality, desires and emotions. In fact, their all-American town was starting to look too much like something in Germany and Russia, which is why it hard to be destroyed in the end.
It shows that children, who we expect to be innocent and trusting, can have a very dark side, and that can be horrifying, although I wouldn't really call this a "horror" film, either. I would call this a psychological thriller with a twisted ending. This film doesn't have a lot of the elements of many horror films, although Rhoda could certainly be seen as a monster stalking her prey, anyone who has something she wants. The real focus of the film is her mother, Christine, who can't face what her daughter has done, or do the right thing, such as turning her in to the authorities. Instead, she blames herself, tries to kill her daughter with sleeping pills, and then tries to commit suicide. No wonder the daughter has problems!
Like the other films, this film has a message, too, and it has to do with children and what they're…
Still, there appears to be a fundamental contradiction within this particular point in this article, as there is in Turkle's. The following quotation from Slater's essay illustrates this point nicely. "How many people eat too much or don't eat enough or have some sort of a mental illness?" asks Thomas Gunderson, a health care analyst with Piper Jaffray & Co. "There's a big market out there." Yet as these devices proliferate, so too will the ethical issues that stick to them like barnacles… there continues to hover fears that DBS could…be used as a management device" (242). The paradoxical nature of both of these quotations, and the ideas that they represent, are fairly apparent. In the latter quotation, one of the marketing benefits of this form of brain surgery is that it can be used for a variety of ailments from too much weight, to too little weight, to mental…
Could this movie possibly fall into the category of a conspiracy; that any fictional parody of male behavior (which this surely is, at least in part) becomes in fact a parody of female behavior as well? Is that what irks feminists about the Stepford Wives?
And no matter what the answer to that question is, the "horror" aspects of this 1975 film were balanced, and even matched, by the ideological aspects. Whether one views the film as a statement on that cadre of men who are control freaks, or that element of the female gender hopelessly submissive to the whims and demands of men, the film has a strong ideological theme.
And moreover since ideology is part of the political world, and the political issues of the day seem to always creep into film, the Stepford Wives, as a feminist-themed film, is ideological. Feminists always have a fierce political agenda,…
Skal, David J. The Monster Show: A Cultural History of Horror. New York: W.W.
Norton and Company, 1993.
The reward for the effort of learning is access to a vocabulary that is shared by a very large population across all industries globally" (p. 214). Moreover, according to Bell, because UML is a language rather than a methodology, practitioners who are familiar with UML can join a project at any point from anywhere in the world and become productive right away. Therefore, Web applications that are built using UML provide a useful approach to helping professionals gain access to the information they need when they need it.
Overview of the Study
This paper used a five-chapter format to achieve the above-stated research purpose. Chapter one of the study was used to introduce the topic under consideration, provide a statement of the problem, the purpose of the study and its importance of the study. Chapter two of the study provides a review of the related peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning…
Ontology Definition Metamodel (ODM)