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It must be acknowledged that today, managing people, or the personnel of an organization, is one of the most important aspects of an organization and its management, and this is crucial to achieving whatever objectives the firm has in mind for its future. (Human Resources Management) The book entitled 'Human resources management in a Business Context' talks about how in today's work environment, dealing with people in an effective way is one of the major challenges facing a business organization. (Human Resource Management in a Business Context)
The field of HR is today combining the various activities and the processes of Human Resources Management, Organizational Development, and also of Knowledge Management. Today, managing learning at a group level, and at an organizational level, and at an individual level are all keywords to effective HR. this would help in cross-sector collaborative working relationships within the organization, and also, more…
Future Work Environments with Principal Liability for Employer Being Misconduct of Employees -- Homecare Business
This work will examine a legal or ethical issue or situation that relates to the business, government or society in the area of employment relations and the employer's liability for the misconduct of employees.
The Ethics and Sustainability Discipline
The Ethics and Sustainability Discipline is reported to be of the nature that "deals with organizational and personal values and their expression in decision making and behavior." (Society for Human esource Management, 2011) Ethics is reported to be defined being "...rules of conduct or moral principles that guide individual or group behavior. The focus in business ethics is on awareness of organizational values, guidelines and codes, and behaving within those boundaries when faced with dilemmas in business or professional work." (Society for Human esource Management, 2011) H professionals are reported to be in a strategic position…
Ethical Employees -- A Growing Force. 27 Dec 2002. Management Issues. Retrieved from: http://www.management-issues.com/2006/8/24/research/ethical-employees-a-growing-force.asp
Introduction to the Human Resources Discipline of Ethics and Sustainability (2011) Society for Human Resource Management. Retrieved from: http://www.shrm.org/hrdisciplines/ethics/Pages/EthicsIntro.aspx
Federal Register, Vol. 68 NO. 152. (1998) 7 Aug. Retrieved from: http://oig.hhs.gov/authorities/docs/cpghome.pdf
Google's work environment is actually quite famous -- a place where creative people gather and work in a relatively free environment. Employees are allotted company time to work on individual, personal projects. They sell the company on things like "do cool things that matter," diversity, innovation. The company offers fairly generous benefits, for example, and it takes a slightly different approach to hiring.
Google employees are motivated intrinsically, as evidenced in "do cool things that matter," which implies that the average Google employee wants to do things for internal reasons. A further implication is that teamwork is important because most projects involve teams. Indeed, the company usually interviews you with four or five of its employees. This is because it is understood that you have to work well within the company's culture, which is driven by people who are comfortable with ambiguity, internally-driven and have varied skill sets.
Sapong, E. (2013). Wegmans ranked among best places to work for 16th straight year. Buffalo News. Retrieved October 23, 2013 from http://www.buffalonews.com/article/20130116/Business/130119365
Trevino, A. (2009). George C. Homans, the human group and elementary social behavior. InFed. Retrieved October 23, 2013 from http://infed.org/mobi/george-c-homans-the-human-group-and-elementary-social-behaviour/
REI. (2013). REI is a great place to work. REI. Retrieved October 23, 2013 from http://www.rei.com/about-rei/100-best-companies.html
Conflicts Within the Work Environment
Police Officers are public servants to society. Similar to fire fighters, teachers, and to a certain extent, congressmen, they take pride in serving others. It is by this mandate that officers have both a duty and obligation to defend all residents within their given jurisdiction. This honor is not without its tribulations as many questionable activities are conducted within the daily activities of an officer (1). Prior to my admittance to the University of Phoenix, I have experienced many work place dilemmas in my many years with the police department. These dilemmas, without question, tested my fortitude and emotional intelligence as an officer. Further, these tribulations helped to create a stronger more adept individual in regards to value conflicts and its subsequent mitigation.
First, I believe it prudent to discuss the implications of value conflicts within the work environment before I divulge my personal experiences.…
1) Jacksonville and police union agree to drop unfair labor cases Galnor, Matt. McClatchy - Tribune Business News [Washington] 14 Sep 2010.
2) Police union president: 'We may be wrong' on labor complaint against chief.O'Malley, Denis J; Burton, Jeremy G. McClatchy - Tribune Business News [Washington] 21 Apr 2011.
extroverted intuition personality on the work environment. This is accomplished by conducting a literature review, creating a self-assessment tool for identifying these individuals and answering questions as to how this can be applied to a specific firm. Once this occurs, is when we can see how testing can help all companies find the right managers that will assist them in reaching their long-term objectives.
Over the last several decades, many employers have been using personality assessments as way to understand the thoughts and feelings of staff members. Part of the reason for this, is because this has often been used as a tool that will effectively assess the underlying strengths and weaknesses in the personality of select individuals. Once this takes place, is when mangers can be able to use this information to predict how well someone will succeed in a particular job. This is the point that they can…
Career Tests. (2011). Psychology Today. Retrieved from: http://psychologytoday.tests.psychtests.com/
Basson, J. (2006). The Relationship between Personalities. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 32, 2, 57 -- 64.
Blass, E. (2008). Future Skills and Current Realities. Futures, 40, (9), 822 -- 833.
Chauhan, D. (2005). Personality at the Workplace. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 41, (3), 357 -- 375.
Sexual Harassment: he difference between 'quid pro quo' and a hostile work environment trick question: Which one of these scenarios constitutes sexual harassment? Imagine a work environment where a woman is told, 'you're not going to get this promotion/raise/stay in your current place of employment unless you sleep with me,' by her boss. Essentially, she is told, quid pro quo, she must exchange sexual favors for potential job and financial advancement and security. Of course, this is sexual harassment. But, now, imagine a different workplace scenario. No quid pro quo offer is made to the employee in question. However, daily this employee is subject to sexual innuendos and jokes by her boss. Pamphlets with expressly sexual references and content 'find their ways' to her in box. It's all a joke, her boss says, when she asks him to stop with such verbal and paper material. 'Why is she being so…
There are certain differences beyond the nature of the allegations in the two scenarios. First of all, 'quid pro quo' is not only more easily proved if it is explicitly made to the employee, it is also far less common. In today's more politically correct, legally aware times, only the most dinosaur-like boss usually will make such an overt offer. Also 'quid pro quo' tends to come at the beginning of an employee's contract or term of employment, unlike the constitution of a hostile work environment, where usually the employee has already accepted some position in the organization, and has been there for some period of time, however short a duration.
However, the creation of a hostile work environment, just as with a quid pro quo scenario, requires some concrete evidence that the harassment has occurred. Also, "while quid pro quo harassment is more typical of the sexual harassment scenario. It is also as constitutionally unprotected as any other form of threat or extortion. Hostile or abusive work environment, according to the law, is generally based on race, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, veteran status, or, in some jurisdictions, sexual orientation, political affiliation, citizenship status, marital status, or personal appearance. It has more recently been expanded to include other forms of work environment harassment for instance offensive physical touching or vandalism and discriminatory job assignments." Also, unlike quid pro quo cases, in hostile work environment cases "there need not be direct economic harm, in fact the threat of a concrete action may be sufficient as long as there is ample evidence regarding both malice and frequency of this unwelcome conduct." ("Hostile Work Environment," 2004, Issues NY, ( http://issuesny.tripod.com/home/id49.html )
The most famous current case regarding sexual harassment is perhaps that of disgraced Governor James McGreevy's, whose consensual relationship with a male staff member allegedly spiraled into the creation of a hostile work environment, which made it impossible for the individual in question to perform the tasks of his office. This also highlights how women and men can be the targets of harassment in the workplace. Similarly, Anita Hill alleged that Chief Justice Clarence Thomas created a hostile work environment for her when he overly discussed pornography -- as did a rather infamous case of a woman who claimed that a recapitulation of dialogue from a "Seinfeld" episode by male colleagues was directed against women in a harassing fashion.
For this reason, it seems strange that employers still use personality tests to gauge the effectiveness of potential employees. A better method that has gained popularity lately is the audition method. In this method, potential employees work at a job for no pay for a certain amount of time, after which employers decide whether or not they are a good fit. While some may not be willing to work in such a situation, it is a good way to see how a worker will actually play out in the workplace. Still another way to test potential employees' skills in job related tasks, performance testing, can be an affective alternative to the audition method. Thus, while employers obviously have to evaluate job candidates, and personality is an important part of work environment, personality tests seem like they would not give the employer the picture of the candidate that will help him…
Hostile ork Environments
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission vs. Xerxes Corporation
Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, EEOC vs. Xerxes Corporation, no. 10-1156, April 26, 2011. Appeals court review of district court summary judgment as it pertains to a charge of a "hostile work environment on the basis of race." The case examines whether the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission provided sufficient evidence to meet the evidence standards, under Title VII of Equal Employment Opportunity, that a jury would find harassment based upon four key questions (2011, p. 16):
Harassment is unwelcome.
Harassment is based upon race.
Harassment was pervasive or sufficiently severe to alter the conditions for employment and create an abusive atmosphere.
Basis for imposing liability.
The district court initially granted a summary judgment in favor of Xerxes Corporation, that the firm operated with adequate procedures and policies to curtail harassment. Furthermore, management responded with disciplinary action where applicable and retraining…
Cole, B.L. (2012). Is Your Company Prepared to Respond Promptly to an Employee Harassment Claim? Retrieved December 8, 2012, from Avvo Website: http://www.avvo.com/legal-guides/ugc/is-your-company-prepared-to-respond-promptly-to-an-employee-harassment-claim
EEOC vs. Xerxes Corporation, 10-1156 (Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals April 26, 2011).
Janson, E.J., & Sloane, R. (2011, May 7). How Fast is Fast Enough? Fourth Circuit Examines Employer's Response To Racially Hostile Work Environment Allegations. Retrieved December 8, 2012, from The Workplace Class Action Blog: http://www.workplaceclassaction.com/class-action/how-fast-is-fast-enough-fourth-circuit-examines-employers-response-to-racially-hostile-work-environm/
Results-Oriented ork Environment
Is the concept of ROE (a results-oriented work environment) really feasible in a global marketplace? Is it a threat to teamwork or is it the reality of a 24/7 world with guild barriers between work and private life?
The results-oriented work environment (ROE) model has gained a significant amount of attention in recent years and many companies have tried to implement it at different levels. The primary tenet of the ROE model focuses on the fact that employees should be paid for results as opposed to the number of hours worked. This strategy can empower employees to design their own schedules and be responsible for their own performances. This also frees the responsibilities of the management team so that they can focus more of their time on value creating activities as opposed to having to micro-manage employees' schedules and daily activities. The employees also can be…
Bhasin, K. (2013, March 18). BEST BUY CEO: Here's Why I Killed The 'Results Only Work Environment'. Retrieved from Business Insider: http://www.businessinsider.com/best-buy-ceo-rowe-2013-3
Enyclopedia of Business. (N.d.). Flexible Work Arrangements. Retrieved from Enyclopedia of Business: http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/small/Eq-Inc./Flexible-Work-Arrangements.html
Kerrigan, H. (2012, April). Results-Only Work Environment Goes Public Sector. Retrieved from Governing: http://www.governing.com/topics/public-workforce/gov-results-only-work-environment-goes-public-sector.html
Demand for More Work Flexibility
As times change, the workforce of today and tomorrow will be different than of the past. Work conditions and standards alter according to demand and evolution of the human resource department. With need for quality human capital within companies, HR managers have to respond to the professional and personal needs of employees to keep turnover rates low and retention high. This may mean creation of flexible staffing schedules and work hours. By companies implementing policies that allow flexible work hours, employees can benefit and maintain a higher level of satisfaction at work.
Research into emergence of family and work balance problems within the United States, opening with history of such issues in the 1960's. Four key areas will be examined:
History of family/work balance
Changing needs of present and future employees
New issues companies face
Programs implemented by companies to handle demand for flexible work…
Cultures in the Workplace
Kouzes and Posner (2012) state that leaders ensure individuals know they are taken into consideration and not being ignored (p.318). There are several different means of enhancing this kind of celebratory culture given the varying best practices regarding how leaders need to demonstrate awareness of the needs of followers. One of the major ways of paying attention to follower needs and showing that followers are not taken for granted is through creating community. With regards to creation of community, the leader should demonstrate awareness of how celebrations are carried out based on cultural beliefs. Celebrations that are conducted based on cultural beliefs are particularly significant when the working environment is made of various cultures as they are in the modern world. This process would require the identification and establishment of best practices on the issue in order to promote inclusion and diversity in the workplace as…
Kouzes, J.M., & Posner, B.Z. (2012). Celebrate the Values and Victories. In The leadership challenge (5th ed., Chapter 11). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Taube, A. (2014, October 21). Why Zappos CEO Tony Hsieh Sits At The Same Size Desk As
His Call Center Employees. Business Insider. Retrieved January 29, 2015, from http://www.businessinsider.com/zappos-ceo-hsieh-sits-at-same-desk-as-call-center-workers-2014-10
The case of Otto May Jr. illustrates the extent of an organization’s ethical responsibility to its employees. Just as an organization is legally required to create and maintain a safe physical working environment, an organization is similarly expected to create and maintain a safe psychological and social environment. Chrysler’s organizational culture at the time of May’s employment epitomizes the concept of the “hostile work environment.” The United States Equal Opportunity Commission (2018) explicitly defines the hostile work environment in terms of harassment of employees, noting situations in which the employer is to be held liable. Business leaders should focus less on the legal or fiscal ramifications of harassment suits, and more interested in creating an organizational culture and climate that promotes employee success and empowerment. Companies like Chrysler risk losing star talent if they continue to tacitly condone harassment or perpetuate hostile work environments due to weak leadership.
Standard Chartered Bank in America Houston, Texas
Standard Chartered Bank is a multinational bank with several branches across the world offering different financial services in different regions. The bank is headquartered in New York City with operations in New Jersey, Florida, Houston Texas and California. The bank has been in operation in the U.S. since 1902 and has been employing thousands of the Americans. Its main focus in the U.S. is whole sale banking where it offers products and services in trade finance, treasury, foreign exchange and interest rate products, cash management, commodity finance and structured import and export financial services (Standard Chartered Bank, 2008).
My position at Standard Chartered Bank as my new company will be the Marketing Manager based in Houston. The job description will be to develop and maintain marketing strategies for the branch. I will be required to conduct market research establish what the…
Jeanne S., Melinda S., Lawrence R., & Robert S., (2012). Stress at Work. Tips to Reduce and Manage Job and Work place Stress. Retrieved May 12th, 2012 from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/work_stress_management.htm
Jennn Fusion and Demand Media, 2012. Motivation & Goal Setting Theory. Retrieved May 12th, 2012 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/motivation-goal-setting-theory-1187.html
Karen C. Kaser & Madeline Johnson, (2011). Removing Communication Barriers Through Course Instruction. Retrieved May 12th, 2012 from http://businesscommunication.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/2011-ABC-10-KASER.pdf
Standard Chartered Bank, (2008). Wholesale Banking. Retrieved May 12th, 2012 from http://www.standardchartered.com/us/fast-facts/en/
Work Life Balance - the ole of HM
Human resources management come with massive demands chiefly in light of the fact that it involves dealing with people, a task that is complex in itself. To enhance organizational growth, pleasure on the part of workforce is very crucial. This is a necessity that human resources sectors in organizations have to grapple with on a day-to-day basis through the initiation and implementation of means of achieving workers satisfaction and overall performance (Frame & Hartog, 2003). Creating room for work life balance constitutes come of the mechanisms that employers use in achieving this goal (Clutterbuck, 2003). Work life balance is a concept whose relevance in the organization and more so in the world of advancing technology holds a lot of water. It brings to both parties in the business environment numerous benefits (Ehnert, 2009). The concept has a wide range of practice ranging…
Avgar, Ariel C., Givan, Rebecca Kolins and Liu, Mingwei, A Balancing Act: Work -- Life Balance and Multiple Stakeholder Outcomes in Hospitals (December 2011). British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 49, Issue 4, Pp. 717-741, 2011
Business: The Ultimate Resource. (2003). Beijing: Citic Publishing House
Cascio, W.F. (2010). Investing In People, Electronic Resource, FT Press
Cieri HD, Holmes B, Abbott J & Pettit T (2005), Achievements And Challenges For Work/Life Balance Strategies In Australian Organizations, The International Journal Of Human Resource Management16 (1)
The worker on a fast line such as a candy cane maker has little control over their environment. They must perform more like machines themselves. The welder on an auto manufacturing line may have more control over their environment. For instance they may make the welds necessary and then press a button to send the car on down the line. They control how fast the line moves. However, it is much more important for the welds to be performed correctly. If an imperfect candy cane goes out, the consequences are less serious than if a car frame is welded incorrectly. This is the different amounts of control that a worker has in the speed of production.
More experienced welders would be able to make the welds faster than inexperienced welders. However, speed is not the most important element when welding automobile frames. They must be done right, even if a…
Feirer, M. (2002). Prototypes in Industrial Design: Once a Design Goes Digital, All Sorts of Things Are Possible. The Technology Teacher. 61 (5): 24.
Fitzgerald, G., Leven, F., Riedel, J., and Toenshoff, B. (2003). The Design of Computerized Practice Fields for Problem Solving and Contextualized Transfer. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. 12 (4): 377.
Garmire, E. (2002). The Engineering Design Method. The Technology Teacher. 62 (4): 22.
Polakoff, J. (1990). Computer Integrated Manufacturing: A New Look at Cost Justifications Journal of Accountancy. 169 (3): 24.
Coaching management styles work best for Generation Xers, complete with prompt feedback and rewards for results (Eisner, 2005). They use a team of people to support their own personal individual efforts and bring a talent for problem-solving to the workplace (Smola & Sutton, 2002).
Generation Y looks for management that will further their professional development. This young generation performs best when working for and with those who hold the same values. As they often were involved in decisions in the home, from an early age, they often expect to have decision making capabilities in their professional lives as well. For this reason, an inclusive management style works best for this generation, with feedback on their performance. When treated professionally and given challenging work that fits their skills, Generation Y performs best (Eisner, 2005). Armour (2007) notes that like Generation X, Generation Y have high expectations of their employer and their…
Adams, S. Jan 2000, "Generation X: How understanding this population leads to better safety programs," Professional Safety vol. 45, no. 1, p. 26.
Armour, S. 7 June 2007, "Generation Y: They've arrived at work with a new attitude," USA Today, [Online], Available:http://usatoday.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&title=USATODAY.com+-+Gen... [27/10/09].
Chen, P. & Choi, Y. 2008, "Geneartional differences in work values: A study of hospitality management," International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 595-615.
Eisner, S. Autumn 2005, "Managing Generation Y," S.A.M. Advanced Management Journal vol. 70, no. 4, p. 4.
Work - Family Conflict
It has been the traditional division of labor between men and women that men would be the bread -earners of family and that women would cater to managing the household responsibilities as women have to take care of children. The work within the family was extended and decreased accordingly since it was an unpaid labor. ut as developments took place women started to work outside their homes. As a result of both working parents the family and work conflict started to emerge. As a result the families of the present age are being affected by several responsibilities of work, family and community on individuals.
The conflict between work and family is due to the depression, stress and anxiety, which occur as a result of the divergent responsibilities. These divergent responsibilities make it extremely difficult in taking care of these responsibilities. Developmental Psychologists and work-family sociologists have…
Frone, Michael R., Yardley, John K. And Markel, Karen S. 1997 Developing and testing an integrative model of the work-family interface. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50(2): 145-167.
Frone, M.R., Russell, M., & Cooper, M.L. (1992). Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict: Testing a model of the work-family interface. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 65-78.
Kahn, R.L., Wolfe, D.M., Quinn, R.P., Snoek, J.D., & Rosenthal, R.A. (1964). Organizational stress. New York: Wiley.
Greenhaus, J.H., & Beutell, N.J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management review, 10, 76-88.
ather than being idle and receiving public benefit, individuals of working age typically prefer completing useful work. Mark P. Altieri, an associate professor of accounting at Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, and Jason A. othman, (2006), an associate at Wickens, Herzer, Panza, Cook and Batista, note a number of enhancements to WOTC in the article, "Surviving Katrina: Tax breaks for victims of the costliest catastrophe in American history."
According to Altieri and othman (2006), in regard to the WOTC - general law, under IC section 51, the WOTC provides motivation for employers to hire economically disadvantaged individuals. These disadvantaged individuals include qualified ex-felons, food-stamp recipients, veterans, summer youth employees, as well as individuals who receive certain welfare benefits (Altieri & othman, ¶ 23). Altieri and othman explain that in the past, the WOTC -- Katrina was expanded to embrace individuals whose principal residence on August 28, 2005, was located in…
Altieri, M.P., & Rothman, J.A. (2006). Surviving Katrina: Tax breaks for victims of the costliest catastrophe in american history. Journal of Accountancy, 201(2), 58+. Retrieved June 1, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013771777
Anonymous. (2008). Special tax credit aids Paulding Co. development. Toledo Business Journal.
Telex Communications, Inc. Retrieved June 01, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1619413051.html Battersby, M.E. (2009). The Memorial Day tax surprise. Metal Center News. Sackett Business
Environment Affects Nurses
Over and again, literature reviews show the consistent relationship and association between nurse working environment and patient outcome as well as superior nurse performance (Aiken et al., 1999; Aiken et al., 1994; Lake, 2004). Better environments result in better nurse care as this case model shows. The case model was based on the study popularized in our institution that was directed by Aiken et al. (2008) who sought to examine whether better hospital nurse care environments were associated with lower patient mortality and better nurse outcomes irrespective of nurse education and the quality and quantity of nurse staffing.
In 1999, the researchers had sampled 168 hospitals, which was 80% of the 210 adult acute care hospital in Pennsylvania in 1999. 60 nurses from each hospital completed the survey, with half of the hospitals having more than 50 nurses who responded. Other nurses who worked outside the hospitals…
Aiken LH. (2005) Extending the magnet concept to developing and transition countries. Reflect Nurs Leadersh.31(1):16 -- 18
Aiken L.H. et al. (2008) Effects of Hospital Care Environment on Patient Mortality and Nurse Outcomes J. Nurs Adm. 38(5): 223 -- 229.
Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Lake ET, Sochalski J, Weber AL. (1999). Organization and outcomes of inpatient AIDS care. Med Care.;37:760 -- 772.
Aiken LH, Smith HL, Lake ET. (1994). Lower Medicare mortality among a set of hospitals known for good nursing care. Med Care.;32(8):771 -- 787
habits of earlier generations and those of our current generation. Just as music and slang change from generation to generation, so do work habits. The work habits of earlier generations differ greatly from the work habits of the current generation, and the current generation will need to catch up in work attitude and social skills if American products and services are to remain at the top of the world market.
The older generations of workers today have a work ethic that is rooted in responsibility and dedication (for the most part). Many of these workers expected to be at their jobs until they retired. They give the company their loyalty because they expect the company to be loyal to them. Today, these work habits seem old-fashioned to many, but they are the ethics of generations who were raised at a slower pace, and when there were distinct guidelines about the…
Jamrog, Jay J. "The Coming Decade of the Employee." Human Resource Planning 25.3 (2002): 5+.
Sago, Brad. "Uncommon Threads: Mending the Generation Gap at Work." CenterOnline.org. 2000. 6 Aug. 2004. http://www.centeronline.org/knowledge/article.cfm?ID=841&ContentProfileID=122864&Action=searching
Cross-cultural comparison on work value between U.S. And China
A value is "what a person consciously or subconsciously desires, wants, or seeks to attain" (Locke, 1983). Peterson and Gonzalez (2005) say values "are motivational forces," and "influence the role work plays in people's lives." Dawis (2005) asserts that each person (P) has requirements that need to be met, most through their environments (E). In fact, Dawis claims that "Many of P's needs in adulthood can be met at work." The ones that matter most to P. are E's ability to deliver rein forcers (e.g., pay, prestige, and working conditions) that satisfy P's needs. Similarly, E has parallel and complementary requirements that can be met by P. And make P. A satisfactory worker. Thus, understanding work values has a benefit for both individuals (as they look for work environments that support their values), and also for organizations (if they…
Bernstein, Paul. (1997). American Work Values: Their Origin and Development. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Cappelli, P., Bassi, L., Katz, H., Knoke, D., Osterman, P. And Useem, M. (1997). Change at Work. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dawis, R.V. (2005). The Minnesota theory of work adjustment. In Brown, S.D. & Lent, R.W. (Eds.) Career development and counselling: putting theory and research to work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Farber, Henry S. (1997). "Changing Face of Job Loss in the United States, 1981-1995." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1: Microeconomics: 55-128.
Nothing is really work," states an old adage, "unless you would rather be doing something else."
In today's times of economic uncertainty, rapid employee turnover and more trade union disputes, the issue of worker satisfaction has become even more important. In addition to salary, many workers point to the need for a good quality of worker life. They need to feel that their personal needs are being met in their professional careers.
This paper examines factors which relate strongly to worker satisfaction. These factors include greater communication, opportunities for advancement and a sense that their work is "meaningful." In the last part, the paper also makes suggestions regarding how employers can both ensure motivation on the job and address factors that give rise to job dissatisfaction.
The question of employee satisfaction has come to gained greater attention especially in this new century. A survey commissioned by the Pitney…
Bodek, Norman. "The quality of work life." Industrial Engineer. March 2003. Proquest Database.
Giving employees meaningful work is the best way to keep them." New Hampshire Business Review. December 1, 2000. Proquest Database.
Greater expectations." People Management. September 11, 2003. Proquest Database.
In the midst of an economic downturn that has been compared to the 1929 Great Depression, the United States' unemployment figures are far too high. "The unemployment rate rose from 9.8 to 10.2% in October, and nonfarm payroll employment continued to decline (-190,000), the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The largest job losses over the month were in construction, manufacturing, and retail trade." (Bureau of Labor Statistics) The ten percent mark seems high but it has not matched the Great Depression high at over twenty five percent, yet. Obviously, getting and maintaining a job is very important objective right now. Some management teams around the nation have successfully implemented various solutions to the problem of high levels of layoffs and job elimination during this current financial meltdown. The underlying goal is to try new approaches that will keep workers employed and companies operating in a fiscally…
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2009). "Employment Situation Summary." Retrieved on December 1, 2009, from United States Department of Labor at http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm .
Kirrane, Diane E. (1994). "Wanted: Flexible Work Arrangements." Association Management. November.
Leveen-Sher, Margery. (1996) "Flexibility Is the Key to Small Business Benefits." Washington Business Journal. February 16.
Research. (2009). Edited by Susan Albin., Joseph Hartman. Industrial Engineer: IE; Dec., Vol. 41, Issue 12, p48-50, 3p, 3 color
email in the business setting and its use for the purpose of communication. The writer takes the reader on an exploratory journey through the uses of email in the business world for communication and presents an overview of the positive and negative aspects of its use. There were four sources used to complete this paper.
The technological explosion of the last few decades has taken mankind to heights never before dreamed possible.
Today, with the click of a mouse one can manage their own stocks, plan and purchase vacations, chat with others around the world and make purchases of anything they want or need. Another positive advent stemming from the technological boom is the invention of email. Electronic mail is the process by which one can send message to another or many others with the click of a mouse. With the invention of email many problems that were an everyday…
Author not available, USA.NET Plans to Deliver Email Service for Wireless Phone Users., Business Wire, 07-15-1999.
Author not available, Critical Path Selected by Intranets.com for Business-to-Business Internet Messaging Solutions., Canadian Corporate News, 04-17-2000.
Author not available, KVS: KVS outlines five steps for enforcement of email management policies and calls for legal clarification on retention and deletion of emails; Enron fiasco highlights need for enforcement technology., M2 PressWIRE, 01-31-2002.
Author not available, The Evils of Email -- Lansoft's New Service MailWatch Helps Exorcise Evil Emails., Business Wire, 07-19-1999.
Will either of their grievances be heard in court? Why?
Becky's case has a very realistic possibility of being heard in court. This is from releasing her at a time when she was experiencing complication during her pregnancy. In this situation, she can claim that the company did not abide by the different provisions of the law through terminating her employment (after she asked and was initially granted maternity leave). This surpasses the arbitration clause in her employment contract by directly violating the Family Leave and Medical Act. (Cihon, 2013)
Under the law, she can take up to 12 weeks off without having fear of retribution, demotion or suspension. However, in order to be eligible, she must request leave with 30 days prior notification to her employers. Evidence of this can be seen with guidance provided to employers from the Department of Labor which states, "Employees must comply…
Cihon, P. (2013). Employment and Labor Law. Mason, OH: Southwestern.
The Family Medical Leave Act. (2014). DOL. Retrieved from: http://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/compliance/whdfs28.pdf
Environment is something all people and all cultures share. Nature knows no international boundaries or religions. On the contrary, nature is the universal constant binding people together. A healthy relationship with the environment can promote intercultural dialogue and cross-cultural communication because of the universal need for and appreciation of nature. Nature is "healing," and it impacts human well-being (University of Minnesota). Although individuals and societies will have different attitudes, beliefs, and goals related to environmental stewardship, it is possible to discover shared values and work towards a new vision for the future.
Individuals and communities have responsibilities to protect, serve, and conserve the environment. As individuals change their attitudes toward nature, each person can work towards shifting social norms related to consumerism, materialism, and overconsumption. Likewise, individuals can alter their relationship with nature by promoting appreciation and affection for the beauty in all things. As the Canadian Conference of Catholic…
Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. Our relationship with the environment: The need for conversion. Retrieved online: http://www.cccb.ca/site/images/stories/pdf/enviro_eng.pdf
University of Minnesota. What is our relationship with nature? 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/enhance-your-well-being/environment/nature-and-us/what-our-relationship-nature-0
Environment Science education and its effect on Students' Improvement
Does the current curriculum actually improve the student's decision making regarding environmental issues?
Sample Size and Sampling Method
Time Frame for the Study
Scope and Limitations
Current Environmental Science Curriculum
Is the current curriculum design actually improves the decision making regarding environmental issues?
For years it has been a tough job to implement the appropriate environmental education in the colleges. esearch in the field has pointed out several challenges in the creation of effective environmental curricula. esearchers also examined different strategies being used for the promotion of student awareness as well as fostering them to engage in the ever changing circumstances. The empirical research studies have made it clear that just acquiring the information on the environment science and ecology is not enough to motivate students to practically participate in environment protection. For the motivation there is a need…
Balgopal, M., & Wallace, A. (2009). Decisions and dilemmas: Using writing to learn activities to increase ecological literacy. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(13), 13 -- 22.
Balgopal, M., & Wallace, A. (2009). Decisions and dilemmas: Using writing to learn activities to increase ecological literacy. Journal of Environmental Education, 40(13), 13 -- 22.
Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Biriukova, N. (2005).The formation of an ecological consciousness. Russian Education and Society, 47(12), 34 -- 45.
Operations and Supply Chain Management. Upper Saddle iver, NJ: McGraw Hill Higher Education. 13th Edition.
Wayne Norman, Chris McDonald. (2004). Getting to the Bottom of the "Triple Bottom Line." Business Ethics Quarterly, 14(2), 243-262.
L Wang, L Lin. (2007). A methodological framework for the triple bottom line accounting and management of industry enterprises. International Journal of Production esearch, 45(5), 1063.
5. Explain why the need to focus capacity on a fairly limited set of production objectives is the key to successful production
There are many factors that favor setting a limited number of production objectives to ensure a successful manufacturing strategy attains its objectives. The most critical are the many effects of manufacturing goals and objectives on the supply chain relationships and the many interrelationships in the supplier base (Jacobs, Chase, 2010). The greater the number of production objectives, the greater the corresponding complexity throughout any supply chain, impacting pricing,…
Ken Kono. (2005). Planning Makes Perfect. Marketing Management, 14(2), 30-35.
Florian Strehle, Bernhard R. Katzy, & Tony Davila. (2010). Learning capabilities and the growth of technology-based new ventures. International Journal of Technology Management, 52(1,2), 26-45.
Jacobs, Robert, & Chase, Richard. (2010). Operations and Supply Chain Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: McGraw Hill Higher Education. 13th Edition.
Wagner, S. (2010). Supplier traits for better customer firm innovation performance.
In the context of Charters Schools, distributed leadership that connects organizational features (culture, business practices, motivation etc.) provides a greater opportunity for members to learn from one another. An increased participation in decision making is another characteristic of effective organizations that may be identified in the organizational structure of Charter Schools USA. An increased participation in decision-making leads to a greater commitment to organizational goals and group strategies are free to develop. Such form of leadership allows the increase in self-determination, and the members may anticipate and respond to the demands of the organization's environment.
Another important issue that makes Charter Schools USA effective is the use of 360 degree appraisal of performance, which involves a group of people who interact with the employee in many different ways and are able to rate his performance. esearch and practice has already proved the effectiveness of the feedback from multiple sources and…
About Charter Schools USA, Retrieved at http://www.charterschoolsusa.com/about.html
Campion, M.A., Medsker, G.J., & Higgs, a.C. (1993). Relations between work group characteristics and effectiveness: Implications for designing effective work groups. Personnel Psychology, 46, 823-850.
Peterson, K. (1995) Critical Issue: Building a Committed Team, Retrieved at http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/leadrshp/le200.htm
Leithwood, K., (unavailable year), Educational Leadership, a review of the research, Retrieved from www.temple.edu/Lss/pdf/ReviewOfTheResearchLeithwood.pdf
As Moore and Anderson emphasize, "Another driver is that distance education students have as much right to expect effective library services as traditional on-campus students. Therefore, services have been enhanced to ensure easy access and equitable delivery of resources and services" (p. 384).
Clearly, then, although the mission of many university libraries to provide the resources and tools students need to achieve successful academic outcomes has not changed in substantive ways in recent years, technological innovations have demanded that they transform the manner in which they achieve these missions. A survey of university librarians conducted by Moore and Anderson (2003) determined that, "y far the major thrust of the libraries surveyed was the inclusion of information literacy skills into the curriculum, either imbedded into the discipline-specific information or as assessable tests within foundation or first-year subjects" (p. 382). The provision of these types of services, Moore and Anderson suggest, may…
Droege, S.B. And J.M. Hoobler. 2003. "Employee turnover and tacit knowledge diffusion: A network perspective." Journal of Managerial Issues, 15(1): 50.
Finnegan, R.P., F.D. Frank and C.R. Taylor, C.R. 2004. "The race for talent: Retaining and engaging workers in the 21st century." Human Resource Planning 27(3): 12.
Milgate, Michael a. 2004. Transforming Corporate Performance: Measuring and Managing the Drivers of Business Success. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Phillips, Jack J. 2005. Investing in Your Company's Human Capital: Strategies to Avoid Spending Too Little -- or Too Much. New York: AMACOM.
Work First Family Assistance Program
Welfare states are recognized by their efforts to help the citizens in leading a better life. Such states also help citizens rise to the point where they are able to lead a stable financial life. There are many programs currently running in America at state or federal level that help the citizens in one way or the other to be able to maintain basic operations of live. One such program is Work First Family Assistance. The Work First Family Assistance Program is an initiative by North Carolina that helps needy families and gives them funds. The program offers funds to the custodians for the dependent family members. These payments are normally made on the monthly basis. The assistance program supports only those citizens that can fulfill the criteria of the program. While every one-out-of five citizen of the state of North Carolina is potentially affected…
Department of Social Services, (2013), Retrieved from:
How to Find Financial Aid and Advice, (2011), Retrieved from:
http://www.aacr.org/home/survivors -- advocates/information-about-support-groups,-clinical-trials,-financial-help-and-fundraising/how-to-find-financial-aid-and-advice.aspx
(Consensus Decision-Making: g8-binder.emmett)
According to laboratory studies undertaken by Professors Martin Kocher and Matthias Sutter reported in the Economic Journal, it was revealed that teams definitely surpass individuals in arriving at economic decision-making. The two researchers demonstrate that the type of decision maker- an individual or a team makes a vital difference in an interactive economic environment, regardless of it being the investment and marketing strategies of companies and funds managers or the budget and monetary policy-making of governments and central banks. Small teams take efficient decisions compared to decisions taken at the individual level as they work better at processing information and better at other decision-makers choices. The mounting relevance of teams in firms, consulting and decision-making in general makes these findings very pertinent. (Teams Make Better Decisions than Individuals)
Consensus in its true sense implies fulfilling the needs of everybody. Consensus decision-making is planned to negate the responsibilities…
Bradley E, Wright; Rohrbugh, John. 1999. Evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of group decision-making processes: A Competition Values Approach. Group Facilitation. Winter. Retrieved at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3954/is_199901/ai_n8830418Accessed on 28 may, 2005
Consensus Decision-Making. Retrieved at http://g8-binder.emmett.ca/process/consensus.html. Accessed on 28 may, 2005
Consensus decision-making. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consensus_decision-makingAccessed on 28 may, 2005
Huitt, W. 1992. Problem solving and decision making: Consideration of individual differences using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Journal of Psychological Type. Vol: 24; pp: 33-44. Retrieved at http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/papers/prbsmbti.html . Accessed on 27 may, 2005
Taylor had faith that the best man for the job is to be chosen. He is required to possess the physical and intellectual qualities to attain the required output. However, it was up to the management to make it sure that the right people were chosen and trained. This forms the foundation for the quality circles.
Operatives congregate to deliberate on work related difficulties, prove into the reasons and solutions and take appropriate action. However, for this to work effectively, the involved operatives must be trained. Third one is to bring together the science of work and scientifically chosen and skilled personnel. The students are to visualize an anticipation of MacGregor here. What Taylor was actually, anxious to eliminate was the managerial mental block. Management, he discovered opposed his philosophy due to the fact that they visualize higher hourly rates of pay. What they did not visualize was the potential…
An overview of Management Theory. http://www.kernsanalysis.com/sjsu/ise250/history.htm
Amsden, Robert. T; Feratt, Thomas. W; Amsden, Davida. M. 1996. TQM: Core Paradigm Changes - Total Quality Management. Business Horizons. November-December. Vol: 11; No: 1; pp: 41-45
Boje, David. 2000. Modern Leadership Theory and Sweatshops: In and Out of the Box. December 21. http://cbae.nmsu.edu/~dboje/teaching/338/modern_leadership_theory.htm
Fayol (1841-1925) Functions and Principles of Management. http://www.brunel.ac.uk/~bustcfj/bola/competence/fayol.html
Work Disability in Small Firms Chapter II
Work disabled ChII Lit Review
Review of Literature Demonstrates Information Gap and Identifies Methods
This chapter justifies the problem statement and research questions, and locates the results among existing research. Copious data and analysis describes pronounced unemployment for potential workers with disabilities and lower income where workers with disabilities are employed, compared to the general U.S. workforce, extensive policy intervention notwithstanding. Fewer studies focus on workers or potential workers with disabilities in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Georgia metropolitan statistical area, and even at the national level, very few juried reports describe productivity and job satisfaction for workers with disabilities in firms smaller than fifteen employees. Firms with fewer than fifteen employees are exempt from compliance with Title I of the ADA, but stimulating employment for workers with disabilities in these firms may improve economic self-sufficiency for this historically disadvantaged population. Conversely, if productivity and…
Policy disincentives probably affect productivity, satisfaction and employment.
Where consensus agrees is around a strong disincentive to work if medical costs covered by Medicaid exceed the level of income qualifying them for SSDI reimbursement. As numerous experts, administrators and disability employment program consumers testified to the 111th U.S. Congress in 2009 (U.S. Congress, 2011), once an individual earns more than a threshold that qualifies them for Medicaid coverage, they have to pay their medical costs out of pocket, and if those costs are more than the new earnings plus the SSDI transfer income, then the result is negative earnings plus often considerable effort and expense getting to work along with the labor of work itself. The result, not surprisingly, is often that potential workers with disability live off $674 per month income support in order not to lose Medicaid eligibility by earning more than qualifies them for federal health care coverage, i.e. $940 in one month (C. Bates-Harris, qtd. In U.S. Congress, 2011, p. 23-25), if total earnings become less or negative covering medical costs out of pocket, especially given exclusion from insurance for the pre-existing condition that justified Medicaid coverage in the first place before the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). PPACA made such exclusion illegal, but the results are still too new for empirical analysis as yet. The perverse incentive generated by high-enough out-of-pocket medical costs meant that a potential worker with disability had to go from earning little enough to qualify for Medicaid, to enough that they could cover those costs out of pocket and also the foregone monthly income transfer. This might often mean many thousands of dollars per year or month if disability required ongoing medical attention, a situation experts often call the "Cash Cliff" (Tremblay, Porter, Smith and Weathers, 2011, p. 19) due to the abrupt income threshold.
Extensive testimony to Congress (2011) described problems within SSDI programs themselves. Income verification requirements where employment was successfully accomplished, for example, resulted in overpayment and then reversal of awarded transfers that left workers with obligations to reimburse SSDI for in one case $115,000 where a worker with psychiatric disability had benefits retroactively revoked for the prior six years, for "sporadically, very occasionally exceeding the substantial gainful activity level by small amounts, due to his disability, and there is no dispute that he reported his work attempts" (Landry, Anderson, Lacava and Bronstein, qtd. In 111th Congress, 2011, p. 88). Another was overpaid $60,000; another over $56,000; none of these individuals have worked since, which their program administrators attributed to their
Elderly individuals are also "more likely to take prescription medicines that impair the body's ability to regulate its temperature or that inhibit perspiration" (Heat stress in the elderly, 2009, CDC).
hat levels of prevention are warranted in the situation? hat might a community health nurse do to intervene?
The immediate concern is removing the residents to a safer area during oppressively hot days with bad air quality. For residents who wish to exercise, arranging for transport to a local cooling center where they can exercise is one option. For round-the-clock care, however, the unit overall must be maintained with a proper air conditioning and ventilation unit. The community health nurse must stress that this is to be done ASAP, otherwise the nurse will report the facility for health code violations. Until the unit is repaired, the nurse can provide supportive instruction to help residents deal with the heat, such as…
Asthma and the elderly. (2009). therubins.com. Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.therubins.com/illness/asthma.htm
Heat stress in the elderly. (2009). Center for Disease Control (CDC). Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/elderlyheat.asp
Heatstroke and the elderly. (2009). North Shore - Long Island Jewish Health System.
Retrieved March 24, 2009 at http://www.nslij.com/body.cfm?id=1231
Still, it is not unimaginable, within a lake as large as Victoria that they might also divide into separate populations along very subtle lines of variation -- like mating behaviors or feeding preferences.
This sort of interpretation of the situation in Lake Victoria, however, rests upon the notion that the species of cichlid found there evolved from a single ancestral species. Yet, even Meyer acknowledges that this might not be the case: "Within the past decade, however, morphology has increasingly emphasized the view that the flock may be polyphyletic." Put differently, it is possible that the species of cichlid that have evolved in Lake Victoria came from a group of distinct, but closely related, fish that colonized the region several thousand years ago. If this is the case, then the scientific importance of the Victorian cichlids would be somewhat diminished, because a less explosive series of adaptive radiations could explain…
Goldschmidt, Tijs. 1998. Land-Use Changes and NIS in Lake Victoria. Bright and Lodge, 1998.
Kolar, Cynthia S. And David M. Lodge. 2000. Invasive Species in a Changing World. Washington D.C.: Island Press.
Meyer, Axel et al. 1990. Monophyletic Origin of Lake Victoria Cichlid Fishes Suggested by Mitochondrial DNA Sequences. Nature, 347.
Office of Protected Resources. 2005. Endangered Species Act of 1973. NOAA Fisheries. Available:
Work-related stress is a prevalent concern that affects both workplace performance and the overall health of workers. Workplace stress is a major source of complaint for the millions of workers experiencing the physical, emotional, and mental strain associated with job demands. Understanding the sources of job related stress involves the examination of the work environment and the individual's response to job tasks. Some regard work stress as a product of the work environment alone, while others believe it is strictly caused by internal factors specific to the worker (Furnham, 2012). Environmental sources of stress range from management's use of authority and excessive workloads, to inadequate resources needed to perform the job successfully (Walonick, 1993). Internal sources such as fear of inadequacy and guilt are considered by some to be independent of the work environment. Work stress is responsible for a range of symptoms, from gastrointestinal disorders to lack…
Furnham, A. (2012). The psychology of behaviour at work. (2nd ed., pp. 354-380). New York,
NY: Routledge Press Inc.
Walonick, D. (1993). Causes and cures of stress in organizations. Retrieved from http://www.statpac.org/walonick/organizational-stress.htm
Organizational Environment Starbucks
In-depth Analysis of Organizational Environment - Starbucks
Starbucks Organizational Culture and Environment
Global Perspectives of Starbucks
Social esponsibility embraced by Starbucks
Starbucks Planning Process
Decision Making Process of Starbucks
Starbucks Corporate Strategy
Organizational Structure of Starbucks
Starbucks uses a mechanistic structure as a contemporary design
Starbucks Organizational Culture and Environment
Starbucks Corporation is considered as one of the leading coffee house chains that offer best quality coffee to its customers. This retail corporation is based in the United States, initiated in the early years of the decade of 1970. Due to its popularity, the company rapidly expanded to various locations around the globe. The vision, goals and strategies designed clearly indicated the fact that the owners did not believe in having growth that can abate the corporate culture, therefore, the corporate culture was considered to be one of the integral aspects for the company. The mission statement…
Anthony, W.P., Gales, L.M., & Hodge, B.J. (2003). Organization Theory: A Strategic Approach. 6th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
BCG. (2012). Howard Schultz on Global Reach and Local Relevance at Starbucks - An Interview with the CEO. bcg.perspectives. Retrieved from: https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/videos/leadership_management_two_speed_economy_howard_schultz_global_reach_and_local_relevance/
Behar, H. (2007). It's Not About the Coffee: Leadership Principles from a Life at Starbucks. USA: Portfolio.
SeaZone. (2012). Successful Application of Organizational Behavior: Starbucks - Achieving Success the Starbucks Way. Yahoo Voices. Retrieved from: http://voices.yahoo.com/successful-application-organizational-behavior-2435551.html?cat=3
esearch company work ( school attending) write a paper: 1. Discuss apply negotiation strategies address potential conflicts workplace. 2. Determine evidence-based management applied work environment researched.
Negotiation strategies addressing potential conflicts in the workplace
In conventional parlance, negotiation implies the process of one party conferring or talking with another party with the hope of arriving at a particular settlement on some matter. In whichever respect, negotiation has the element of two parties coming together and trying to understand each other. However, for a negotiation process to be successful, particular requisites or strategies must be applied effectively. One of the most critical strategies is to understand emotions of each other. Inasmuch as feelings might be strong, it is advisable to recognize and understand the emotions of one another so as to give each other the liberty to speak their mind regarding the issue in question. Incase emotions are not…
Raiffa, H. (2006). The art and science of negotiation. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Tirole, J. (2008). The theory of industrial organization. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Williams, C. (2009). Effective management. Mason, Ohio: Thomson/South-Western.
OGANIZATIONAL PHILOSOPHY AT WOK: TECHNOLOGY & ETHICS
Digital and information technology allows for new opportunities for education, including at the professional level. More and more, human resources use technology to assist in the modification and development of company culture. 21st century organizational leadership can be characterized by the realization that a clearly defined and strongly present organizational culture is key to success. Some of the most successful organizations are ones wherein their culture is adaptable and flexible. These same companies understand the importance and value of smooth transition and effective implementation of organizational change as well as promotion of organizational culture. Human esources is a department that is integral in the development and sustainment of the organizational culture. Human esources is additionally a depart that can facilitate organizational change(s). Human esources professionals should take the time to educate themselves and learn the ways in which technology can supplement…
Dewett, T., & Jones, G.R. (2001) The role of information technology in the organization: a review, model, and assessment. Journal of Management, 27, 313 -- 346.
Heracleous, L., & Barrett, M. (2001) Organizational Change as Discourse: Communicative Actions and Deep Structures in the Context of Information Technology Implementation. The Academy of Management Journal, 44(4), 755 -- 778.
Jin, K.G. (2007) Information Technology Professionals' Perceived Organizational Values and Managerial Ethics: An Empirical Study. Journal of Business Ethics, 71(2), 149 -- 159.
g. In U.K.), organizations are tempted to use positive discrimination for corresponding to contemporary requirements. This implies hiring disadvantaged applicants regardless of their professional competency. For instance, last year, UK's Gloucestershire Police and Avon and Somerset police confessed to have rejected white men for hiring women and ethnic minorities in order to meet Government requirements (http://www.workplacelaw.net/display.php?resource_id=8292&keywords).This is an extremely negative phenomenon as it succeeds in increasing the gap among different groups. Therefore, when encouraging such a strategy, authorities should pinpoint the rationale behind it and should organize conferences and workshops debating this issue.
Piturro, Marlene. 2007. Recruiting and Managing a Diverse Workforce. http://www.vault.com/nr/newsmain.jsp?nr_page=3&ch_id=402&article_id=19018&listelement=3&cat_id=1102 (Accessed March 8, 2007).
Price Eboni, Gozu Aysegul, Kern David, Powe Neil, Wand Gary, Golden Sherita, and Cooper Lisa. 2005. The Role of Cultural Diversity Climate in Recruitment, Promotion, and Retention of Faculty in Academic Medicine. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1490155#N0x914e898.0x9306d20 (Accessed March 8, 2007).
usinesses doubt the benefits of…
Piturro, Marlene. 2007. Recruiting and Managing a Diverse Workforce. http://www.vault.com/nr/newsmain.jsp?nr_page=3&ch_id=402&article_id=19018&listelement=3&cat_id=1102 (Accessed March 8, 2007).
Price Eboni, Gozu Aysegul, Kern David, Powe Neil, Wand Gary, Golden Sherita, and Cooper Lisa. 2005. The Role of Cultural Diversity Climate in Recruitment, Promotion, and Retention of Faculty in Academic Medicine. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1490155#N0x914e898.0x9306d20 (Accessed March 8, 2007).
Businesses doubt the benefits of an ethnically diverse workforce. 2007. http://www.workplacelaw.net/display.php?resource_id=8292&keywords (Accessed March 8, 2007).
Cendant embraces diversity as a corporate way of life: Company aims to achieve a workforce that reflects its customers and markets. 2003. Human Resource Management International Digest 11: 12-15.
If the economy has not grown, it is certainly not the result of poor monetary policy response, given that the Fed's policies under normal conditions would have resulted in significant economic growth. Fiscal policy, therefore, has clearly been inadequate. Indeed, little of his has been attempted in recent years and the current path of "sequestration" is contractionary.
The product that I have selected is headphones. The global market for headphones can be difficult to reach, since the retailers are going to be different for each country. Thus, the strategy for going global has to involve going to one country at a time. Exporting is the best method of market entry in this situation, because the company does not need to set up a subsidiary in any country until the country has proven receptive to our headphones. e are simply selling to importers, who handle the rest of the…
Friedman, M. (1970). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved May 5, 2013 from http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html
Clark, M. & Saade, R. (2010). The role of small business in economic development of the United States. Working Paper. Retrieved May 5, 2013 from http://www.sba.gov/advocacy/7540/12143
Weisbrod, B. (1988). The nonprofit economy. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA.
Riley, G. (2012). Fiscal policy effects. Tutor2U.net. Retrieved May 5, 2013 from http://www.tutor2u.net/economics/revision-notes/a2-macro-fiscal-policy-effects.html
Safety and Heath in it Environments
Applied Business esearch: The need for Safety and Health Standards in Hazardous Working Environments in the Information Technology
Businesses including IT firms are flooded with IT tools like microcomputers, photocopiers, digital surveillance tools, internet, among others. There is mounting evidence from a review of literature that in the IT work environment, especially the IT industry, present hazardous working environments to workers. Workers in these environments also undergo stress from the lack of knowledge of the tools, the lack of, or reduced human contact. Information technology tools also create electrical and fire hazards, which threaten the safety of employees. Employees also suffer from health issues like bleary-eyes from bright screens and monitors of IT tools. The research proves the need for increased safety and health measures in these environments. In the end, the research creates knowledge in the business community of the importance of increased…
Fraihat, H.M. (2003). Taxonomy and remedy of work hazards associated with office information systems. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 3(1), 127-127.
Information Resources Management Association (1994). Managing Social and Economic Change with Information Technology. Proceedings of the Information Resources Management Association International Conference, May 1994. IDEA Group Publishing.
Jones, L.K. (1996). A harsh and challenging world of work: Implications for counselors. Journal of Counseling and Development: JCD, 74(5), 453-453.
Koreneff, I. And Sims-McLean, K. (2005). Excel. Glebe, NSW: Pascal Press.
Central to Kreitner & Kinicki's (2004) suggestions are the concept of organizational management, the idea that organization's routinely work to "employ, educate, serve, inform, feed" and look after the well being of their employees. These concepts can be easily integrated into goal setting practices to ensure the greater good of the organization and to ensure maximum effort and profitability from each member of the organization. An organization as defined by the authors includes a system of "consciously coordinated activities" among two or more people or groups that results in organizational achievement and success (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2004). Managers must consider this when working to set goals and achieve profitable organizational outcomes.
For efforts at goal setting to succeed, feedback is not the only key success factor. As a manager it is important to instill certain concepts into employees as suggested by the readings. These include the notions that work is…
Kreitner, R. & Kinicki, A. (2004). "Organizational Behavior." New York: McGraw Hill
AFLAC 100 companies work . We investigate firm's human resource polices discuss special organization. What H polices make excellent place work ? Identify discuss .
Human esources Policies
Human resources represent the most important resource that companies can use. The value they contribute with to the products and services of the company allows them to create competitive advantage and determines their success. In other words, companies' activity depends on the human resources they recruit, select, train, motivate, and manage. In order for the personnel to perform on high quality standards, it is important to develop and implement proper human resources strategies. These strategies must be based on identifying the type of personnel of each company, their needs, their stimuli, and to develop techniques that are able to motivate them into improving their work.
The policies in different companies regarding their human resources vary in accordance with the size of the…
1. Shen, L. (2009). Aflac Profit Rises 20% on Japanese Currency Strength. Bloomberg. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=conewsstory&refer=conews&tkr=AFL:U.S.&sid=aAKpYxJb6IRU .
2. Jackson, S. et al. (2009). Managing Human Resources. Cengage Learning. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=gpimdMwZuwsC&pg=PA65&lpg=PA65&dq=implications+for+hr+policies&source=bl&ots=c7k_i7AnIf&sig=bWBkub9KU05FchNeXc4lerdxB9c&hl=ro#v=onepage&q=implications%20for%20hr%20policies&f=false .
3. Our Approach to Social Responsibility (2011). Nordstrom. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from http://shop.nordstrom.com/c/nordstrom-cares-approach .
4. Strategic Partnering Puts Aflac HR at the Business Table (2005). HR. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from http://www.hr.com/en/communities/organizational_development/strategic-partnering-puts-aflac-hr-at-the-business_ead38odr.html .
Sociology of Work
It has become a generally acknowledged fact nowadays that a new global economy is coming into view. This innovative international economy is distinguished "by the transnational flow of capital, goods, services and labor; by greater national specialization and increased competition across borders; and by the use of new technologies" (O'Toole & Lawler III, 2006). Moreover, it has completely disturbed the long-established ways of business responsibilities and operations.
The United States of America has aimed a position for itself at the zenith of the world market in order to seek a competitive advantage. This paper discusses the changes in the American workplace, the practices and policies that are required by the United States to ensure the continuation of being the world's leading economic power. It also discusses how the contemporary adaptations in the American workplace have affected the employees and their families.
Changes in the American Workplace
Greenberg, E.S., & Grunberg, L. (n.d.). The Changing American Workplace and the Sense of Mastery: Assessing the Impacts of Downsizing, Job Redesign and Teaming. In University of Colorado Boulder. Retrieved December 6, 2012, from http://www.colorado.edu/ibs/PEC/workplacechange/papers/WP_006.pdf
Gregory, R.F. (2001). Age Discrimination in the American Workplace: Old at a Young Age. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Retrieved December 8, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/119755434/age-discrimination-in-the-american-workplace-old
Leberstein, S., & Christman, A. (2012). Occupy Our Occupations: Why "We Are the 99%" Resonates with Working People and What We Can Do to Fix the American Workplace. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 39(4), 1073+. Retrieved December 8, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-301181023/occupy-our-occupations-why-we-are-the-99-resonates
Meeting the Challenges of Tomorrow's Workplace. (2002, Aug. - Sep.). Chief Executive (U.S.), 1, 1+. Retrieved December 8, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1P3-172617441/meeting-the-challenges-of-tomorrow-s-workplace
Moreover, the strong correlation between confidence in peers and communication/problem understanding demonstrated that it is the confidence and ability of these co-workers that encourage members of self-managing teams to gather new information and knowledge, so that they may create useful decisions in relation to problem solving. Confidence in peers resulted in a negative, not positive, impact on organization and negotiation. This suggested that confidence in peers has a negative effect in the process of organizing the dissemination of knowledge in self-managing teams. Thus, it is imperative for team members to trust their peers and management and, in doing so, create and share new knowledge and further the organization's opportunity to offer best solutions to clients. Present research lacks the empirical evidence supporting the relationship between interpersonal trust and knowledge acquisition. Especially, academicians and practitioners are interested in studying whether "interpersonal trust" advances the follower's knowledge acquisition practices -- knowledge sharing…
Abbott, J.B., Boyd, N.B, and Miles, G. (2006) Does Type of Team Matter? An Investigation of the Relationships Between Job Characteristics and Outcomes Within a Team-Based Environment. The Journal of Social Psychology
Attaran, M. And Nguyen, N.U. (1999) Succeeding with self-managed work teams. CT Industrial Management. 41(4). 24-29
Brannick, M.T. And C. Prince. An overview of team performance measurement. In Team performance assessment and measurement-Theory, methods, and applications, ed. M. Brannick, E. Salas and C. Prince. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Brannick, M.T., E. Salas and C. Prince. 1997. Team performance assessment and measurement: Theory, methods, and applications. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Advocacy Strategy: Anti-Violence ork
Anti-violence work is really about helping a lot of women discover their strong areas and their they consider the truth for their lives. Most women contemplate should they stay, should they go or even if they need to go, whatever it maybe the movement is to make sure that women are safe. The author makes the point that it is so much easier doing the work over the years because it has given her the confidence needed with the gained experience. This essay discusses the issue of how the anti-violence work needs some support and help in aiding violence against women. Also finding solutions to violence and abuse on a level that is broader and societal.
Critique of an Advocacy Strategy
Domestic Violence denotes to the use of emotional or physical force or danger of physical force, which does comprise of sexual violence in close…
Arvay, M.J. (2001). Secondary Traumatic Stress and Trauma Counselors: What Does the Research Say?." International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 15-17.
Brzozowski, J.A. (2004). Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile. Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.
Figley, C.L. (2002). Treating Compassion Fatigue. New York: Brunner-Routledge,.
Martin, S. (2006). Bearing Witness: Experiences of Frontline Anti-Violence Responders. Canadian Woman Studies, 11-15.
Flex Work Literature eview
Gone are the days of single-income households being the norm. The costs and other economics of today basically mandate that many families have both parents working and this leads to the need for day care, school transportation plans and other arrangements for things like doctor visits and school events. This can present a challenge if neither parent has a workplace situation has a job that is forgiving and understanding and allows for somewhat frequent (if not very frequent) quick breaks and extended lunch periods to deal with family affairs. Combine that with the fact that many employers are actively or hostilely resistant to flexible work arrangements under the auspices that it allows for or even encourages waste and misuse of time, then the problem is exacerbated even more. However, the author of this paper would assert that employers should be as understanding as they reasonably can…
Kolhatkar, S. (2013, February 28). The Excessive Uproar Over Marissa Mayer's Telecommuting Ban - Businessweek. Businessweek - Business News, Stock market & Financial Advice. Retrieved October 9, 2013, from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-02-28/the-excessive-uproar-over-marissa-mayers-telecommuting-ban
Moen, P., Kelly, E.L., & Hill, R. (2011). Does enhancing work-time control and flexibility reduce turnover? A naturally occurring experiment. Social Problem,58(1), 69-98. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/sp.2011.58.1.69
Wong, V. (2013, July 09). At Best Buy, flex time failed to boost family time. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-07-09/at-best-buy-flex-time-failed-to-boost-family-time
In ode to coect this mistake the best method is to povide an addendum. Students will engage in constant coopeative wok envionments that tests thei ability to accept and undestand diffeing cultues.
Objective 2: The objective is clealy stated fo students and the conditions ae given. This makes the task easy fo the students to follow. Thee ae limited conditions fo this objective. Objective doesn't lend to a vaiety of methods, as thei numbe ae only 3 specific seach stategies and 5 efeences to be used. This estiction povides fo a limited ability of students to compehend a shift within the diect context of seach.
Rewite fo Objective 2: Students will lean how to use specific seach stategies to conduct eseach on the Intenet and find efeences fo a specific topic.
Objective 3: The objective is clea and compehensible. The conditions ae povided. The method doesn't lend to a vaiety…
references for a specific topic.
Objective 3: The objective is clear and comprehensible. The conditions are provided. The method doesn't lend to a variety of methods.
Rewrite for Objective 3: Students will identify the causes of the U.S. Civil War and their impact on the outcome of the war by completing a cause and effect chart.
Objective 4: The objective is clearly stated, but no conditions and criterions are given. There are a many different types of food chains that could be investigated.
Rewrite for Objective 4: Students will become familiar with the food chain of sea creatures.
Scenario Background -- Jack Parks is the benefit manager for a division of USA Motors. He is concerned about the level of absenteeism and the "paid absence" agreement negotiated a decade ago. The theory was that by giving workers a full week of paid absence against which they could charge personal absence, they would be encouraged to plan ahead and let supervisors know when they might be gone so that staffing could remain consistent. In reality, workers discovered that by not charging off any paid absence days they could receive a full week's pay in June when the company paid unused benefit hours. Workers had, in fact, come to think of it as a bonus that coincided with summer vacations when USA shut down for inventory in the summer. Parks believes that he can control this abuse of a benefit by a series of percentile deductions on future…
Absenteeism Control Programs. (2005). Performance Development International. Retrieved from: http://www.pdii.net/hrservices_Absenteeism.aspx
Kole, M. (January 8, 2010). Trying to Understand Union Mentality. Kole Hard Facts of Life. Retrieved from: http://kolehardfacts.blogspot.com/2010/01/trying-to-understand-union-mentality.html
McClenney, M. (1992). A Study of the Relationship Between Absenteeism and Job Satisfaction. Applied Research Projects, Texas State University, 241. Retrieved from: http://ecommons.txstate.edu/arp/241/
Treble, J. And Barmby, T. (2011). Worker Absenteeism and Sick Pay. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sociotechnical Systems Work Approaches
The objective of this study is to examine and assess sociotechnical approaches from two perspectives and specifically the historical perspective in regards to evolution of management styles that support and enable a sociotechnical approach and stages of innovation explaining how Rogers' diffusion of innovation informs the implementation of, or lack thereof, sociotechnical system
It is reported that socio-technical systems is a work that sprung from the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations in England and involved the exploration of methods for productivity improvement while raising morale in organization via use of 'action research'. (abson Education, nd, p.1) The primary assumption of socio-technical systems is that organizations 'consist of the relation between a nonhuman system and human system." (abson Education, nd, p.1) The socio-technical view holds that both of the systems must be given consideration "when jointly optimizing the two." (abson Education, nd, p.1) It was additionally explored…
Checkland, P (1981). Systems thinking, systems practice. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons
Nathanael, D. (2002) Socio-technical Systems Analysis: Which approach should be followed? In Cognition, Culture & Design, S. Bagniara, S. Pozzi, A. Rizzo & P. Wright (Eds.), Sienna: Instututo di Sienze et Tecnologie dela Cognizione, 2002, pp. 137-142. Retrieved from: http://ergou.simor.ntua.gr/Docs/Nathanael&Marmaras&Papantoniou&Zarboutis_ECCE11.pdf
Schatz, S. And King, FB (nd) Implementation of Innovation: Evolving Models for Soci-Technical Diffusion of Innovation and Changing Practice. University of Hartford Retrieved from: http://uhaweb.hartford.edu/schatz/paper/implementinnovation.pdf
Simon, H.A. (1976). Administrative behavior. NY: The Free press, 3rd edition.
New Work eward Systems
New, Improved, Innovative: Employee Work ewards
In the book First, Break All the ules: What the World's Greatest Managers Do Differently, authors Marcus Buckingham and Curt Coffman assert that employee satisfaction is not tied to compensation as tightly as the business world has imagined. Hard though it may be to belief, several key elements reportedly have stronger influence on employee morale and engagement with their work than wages, salaries, or bonuses. During their association with the Gallup Organization, Buckingham and Coffman, concluded that the answers to the following questions will help a manager identify the key influencers of employee motivation, morale, loyalty to the company -- and ultimately, staying power in a job or position:
Do I know what is expected of me at work?
Do I have the materials and equipment I need to do my work right?
At work, do I have the opportunity…
Buckingham, M. And Coffman, C. (1999). First, Break All the Rules: What the World's Greatest Managers Do Differently. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Burken, S. (2013). The year without pants: WordPress.com and the future of work. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass, an imprint of John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Katz, J. (2000). Geeks: How two lost boys rode the Internet out of Idaho. New York, NY: Villard Publishing.
Robbins, S. (2004). Is equity-based compensation a good thing? In "Working Knowledge for Business Leaders." Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Review.
Charles . Chesnutt was an American author and essayist who explored themes of race and society in his many works. In addition to these themes, Chesnutt explores the themes of ignorance in the short story "The Passing of Grandison" and in the essay "The Free Colored People of North Carolina." Although "The Passing of Grandison" is an allegorical/moral tale and "The Free Colored People of North Carolina" is an essay based upon statistics based upon the number of freedmen in North Carolina before the Civil ar and their contribution to society, Chesnutt is able to demonstrate that ignorance on the part of whites in the South lead to a loss of laborers, both skilled and enslaved.
In "The Passing of Grandison" there are two types of ignorance that are displayed by the characters. In the story, Col. Owens believes that he has treated his slaves so well that…
Chesnutt, Charles W. "The Freed Colored People of North Carolina." ChestnuttArchive.org.
Web. 23 May 2012.
-. "The Passing of Grandison." The Literature Network. Web. 23 May 2012.
Business managers work in varied fields from security companies to tech startups, to managing the careers of celebrities and sports starts. In essence, it is a person who has the ability and desire to drive and motivate the work of others to effectively and efficiently run a major business that will lead to the company generating a large profit and promoting a successful company brand and image. Searching for a proper candidate for interview was difficult. I need someone who was experienced in their field and also managed a company. I searched profiles in Linkedin because I felt I would easily be able to communicate with the person via email or message.
When searching for the appropriate person for this interview, I searched for someone who is a specialist in her area. She herself, is a specialist in electrical & mechanical BAU & MAC services. Furthermore, the company she works…
My Next Move (2013). O*NET OnLine. Retrieved from http://online.onetcenter.org
Learning that is imparted through an educational institution or training company within the workplace setting in known as Work-based learning (WL). WL is administered by an external teacher in professional capacity and supervised by an employee of the company where WL is imparted. An exhaustive literature review indicates that it was only after Moser report's shocking revelations, regarding lack of literacy, language, and numeracy skills in one out every five adults in ritain that U.K took expedited policy actions to introduce WL. WL is relevant for all adult and young learners and more pertinent for instruction of English as a second language (ESL). Since medium of interaction and business transactions in U.K is English, instruction of ESL is essential for empowering vast percentage of population that does not have requisite skills to compete in labor market due to lack of language skills. Increased use of computers and multimedia in teaching…
Anderson, RC & Freebody, P 1981. 'Vocabulary knowledge'. In J.T. Guthrie (Ed.),
Beck, IL, McKeown, MG & Kucan, L 2002. 'Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction'. New York: Guilford.
Becker, HJ 2000. 'Pedagogical motivations for student computer use that lead to student engagement'. Educational Technology, Vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 5-17. Viewed on 6 Mar 2013, [http://www.crito.uci.edu/tlc/findings/spec_rpt_pedagogical/ped_mot_pdf.pdf]
Brown, HD 2001. 'Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy'. (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
umors can be detrimental to any organization. There are four kinds of grapevine rumors that often lead to unnecessary gossip in any group setting. The first one is wish fulfillment and in this type of grapevine rumor, there is an identification of the hopes and wishes of the organization or company's employees. The second kind is bogey rumors. This second kind of rumor exaggerates the concerns and fears of employees.
The third is the wedge-drivers. These rumors are damaging, aggressive, and unfriendly; splitting and dissolving groups/allegiances. The last rumor is home-stretchers and these are based on anticipation of announcements or decisions. They serve the purpose of filling the gap in times of confusion or ambiguity.
esearch provides a figure for grapevine information accuracy and places it at an estimated 80% (Papa, Daniels, Spiker, & Daniels, 2008). This is because the basis of such rumors starts with a personal account that…
Levine, J. & Hogg, M. (2010). Encyclopedia of group processes & intergroup relations. New Delhi.: SAGE Publications.
OPM,. (2016). Hiring Reform. U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Retrieved 28 September 2016, from https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/human-capital-management/hiring-reform/#url=Security-and-Suitability
Papa, M., Daniels, T., Spiker, B., & Daniels, T. (2008). Organizational communication. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
Riccucci, N. (2015). Public personnel management. Routledge.
Motivating to Perform in the Workplace
Work Based Assignment
Worked Based Assignment M3.13 -- Motivating to Perform in the Workplace
Worked Based Assignment M3.13 -- Motivating to Perform in the Workplace
Like any other manufacturing or services industry, construction industry is also exposed to certain market challenges and a stiff competition among its participants. In order to stay competitive and ensure a sustainable future, construction companies have to strive for their continuous financial growth and high level of operational performance. The biggest part in the success of a company is played by its most precious asset -- the Human Capital. In a construction industry, human resource may be composed of personnel from various fields and specialties. Generally, a medium size construction company employs lower level laborers to highly experienced engineers in its development and construction projects. The number of employees and their tenure of employment depend upon the scale and…
London, M. (2003). Job feedback: giving, seeking, and using feedback for performance improvement. U.S.: Taylor & Francis
Robbins, S., Judge, T., & Sanghi, S., (2007). Organizational Behavior. 12th Edition. India: Dorling Kindersley (Pvt) Ltd.
Rounds, J.L. & Segner, R.O., (2011). Construction Supervision . Hoboken, N.J: John Wiley Publishers
internet has revolutionized the methods in which individuals obtain information. Americans and individuals in developed nations are especially prone to performing many of their more routine tasks on the internet. Individuals can now converse online, purchase goods online, pay bills online, and even access banking accounts online. These individuals seek convenience and ease of use in many of their routine transactions. With this increase convenience, consumers can engage in various activities with ease and comfort. Customers can access their account information from nearly any platform in the world. Also with the coming advent of cloud computing, seamless access to secure information, will be even more convenient. The same concept can be applied to news and it's subsequently subscription levels. Consumers want easy access to news in a manner that is convenient for them. The internet provides a platform for individuals to obtain news that is relevant to them in a…
1) Borden, David. "Editorial: Ignorance Leading to Suffering, Injustice and Death." Raising Awareness of the Consequences of Prohibition. Web. 10 Mar. 2012. .
2) Cross, the Red. "How to Help Japan: Earthquake Relief Options." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 21 Mar. 2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2012. .
Many patients epoted they pefe childen not visit so they could potect o shield childen fom the cisis associated with the ICU envionment.
The eseaches also identified citical illness as an impotant souce of disuption and stess fo family membes, and suggested that an open and moe flexible policy be adopted egadless. The eseaches suggest futhe studies ae necessay to detemine collaboative ways nusing staff and caegives could wok with families and patients to ceate a less stessful envionment fo childen's visitations. The study does point out nuses lack of time and ole secuity often contibute to poo attitudes about childen visiting adult patients. Positive inteventions howeve may be adopted to help impove elationships and the expeience childen have in the ICU envionment. This in tun may pomote moe holistic cae.
Aticle 4 - "The meaning of caing to nuses: an investigation into the natue of caing wok in an…
references of patients in the intensive care unit and in complex care medical unit." American Journal of Critical Care, 13(3): 194.
Wilkin, K., & Slevin, E. (2003- Jan). "The meaning of caring to nurses: an investigation into the nature of caring work in an intensive care unit." Issues in Clinical Nursing
Wilkstrom, A.C. & Larsson, U.S. (2003 - May). "Technology - an actor in the ICU: a study in workplace research tradition." Issues in Nursing.