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"Real-time" communications is expedient as well as efficient which are two desired elements in the industry. The pursuit of foreign markets by the United States as well as those of the European and Latin American markets is causative factor in globalization. The companies that compete throughout the world are seeking methods for integration of all aspects of their corporation. Furthermore, companies sue 'international growth strategies for the express purpose of "acquiring suppliers of vital resources." (Abboushi, 1999) Expansion can also be accounted for due to the fact that companies in the United States seek expansion on an international basis because they are unable to obtain certain products in the United States.
II. Necessity: Policy Results
Another viewpoint is that globalization most likely arose out of necessity of some type. One example of the idea presented may be found in the Scandinavian Acta Sociologica in a work entitled" the Future of Advanced Welfare States in the Knowledge Economy" states that a new model of welfare, employment and economic governance has been developed and is based on universal access to fax-financial social services and social insurance, full employments secure by expansive macro-economic policies and active labor market policies, highly organized labor markets, corporatist interest meditation..." (Benner, 2003)
This work has clearly shown that, as stated in the first sentence of this work, globalization formed as a result of interdependency between markets across the globe. Furthermore it is a system that is driven by the profits that are realized through globalization. It is stated in the MIT Press Science & Technology Summer publication of 2003 that:
Globalization is an ever-increasing force. Its consequence for the United States and other countries are not fully understood. It is driven by the profitability it affords companies and as such globalization is insensitive to its effects on individual countries. Profit flows into certain pockets, while wages flow into others.
III. Effects of Globalization
Politicians and scholars, scientists and teachers with many differing opinions have noted the results of the effects of globalization. However, the statistics are not based on opinion but upon factual data. For instance, it is stated by Shapiro & Gomory, 2003 that "Forty-percent of today's university students are foreign students." Next stated in the same work of Shapiro & Gomory, 2003 is that:
The competition of foreign students for positions in U.S. graduate schools has also contributed to making scientific training relatively unattractive to U.S. students, because the rapidly increasing supply of students has diminished the relative rewards of this career path. For the best and brightest from low-income countries, a position as a research assistant in the United States is attractive, whereas the best and brightest U.S. students might now see better options in other fields. Science and engineering careers, to the extent that they are opening up to foreign competition (whether imported or available through better communication), also seem to be becoming relatively less attractive to U.S. students (see "Attracting the Best and the Brightest," Issues, Winter 2002-03)" (Shapiro & Gomory, 2003)
It is clear that globalization has many causative factors, which are interconnected, just as the countries that are a part of the globalist society. Globalism is not slowing but is targeted for more growth as shown in a survey conducted by Pricewaterhouse Coopers which found that approximately 50% of the fastest-growing companies plan an international acquisition over the next three years."
Garrett, Geoffrey (2000) the Causes of Globalization 2000 April [Online available at http://www.yale.edu/leitner/pdf/2000-02.pdf
O'Rourke, Kevin, H. (2002) Europe and the Causes of Globalization 1790 to 2000
Benner, Mats (2003) the Future of the Advanced Welfare States in the Knowledge Economy" Scandinavian Sociological Association 2003 Vol. 46, No. 2 132-149 (2003)
Gomory, Ralph E. (2003) Globalization: Causes and Effects Online [available at www.findarticles.com//articles/mi_qa3522/is_200307/ai_n9293477/print
Robinson, William I. (2004) a Theory of Global Capitalism: Production Class, and State in a Transnational World; International Journal of World Peace 2004 June 1 a Book Review (Gray, Kenneth R.) John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD 2004.
Abboushi, Suhail (1999) International Growth Strategies: Purposes, Motives and Risks (1999) Global Competitiveness Magazine
Beyeler, Michelle (2003) Globalization, Europeanization and Domestic Welfare State Reforms; Global Social Policy Vol.3, No.2,…[continue]
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