Of the top 150 medications that are sold by prescription in the U.S. 118 of these are medications that are either "derived from or modeled on naturally occurring substances." (SEAM Global, 2005) Some of the medications that count on habitat presently being destroyed are "aspirin, morphine, vincristine, taxol, digitalis, and most antibiotics."(SEAM Global, 2005)
VI. Internet/Networking: Role Played in Preservation
Through global and subglobal assessments of the ecosystem and monitoring of data in relation to global changes information may be shared from one region to another and earlier attempts made in changing, slowing or altogether avoidance of more extreme conditions. As stated on the web page of "GreenFacts.org": "Some ecosystem problems have been reduced by innovative local responses...Therefore institutions are needed at multiple levels to strengthen the adaptive capacity and effectiveness of sub-national and local responses. (GreenFacts.org, 2005)
VII. Globalization and Changes in Production
Changes have been seen in the production of goods since the move of globalization began. For example food once produced on farms is now mass produced with livestock crammed and jammed as close as they can possibly be fit into cages and pens. Steroids are shot into these tortured animals which are often given antibiotics to keep them from dying from the poor conditions. Production of clothing and other types of goods have been moved to underdeveloped countries where cheap labor is shamelessly had and children are often hired as workers and exploited in the poor conditions with low pay.
VIII. The World Trade Organization (WTO)
The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the body of trade laws is backed by an "powerful enforcement mechanism" (Dawkins, 2005) Its' dispute settlement body can require national governments to change national and local laws that interfere with a foreign company's right to trade or face sanctions." In other words is the World Trade Organization, in a dispute agrees that the laws of trade in one country hinders another countries trade, then the country who is 'hindering trade' can be forced to "reform that law or forfeit millions of dollars of export revenues." recent case that will likely set a legal precedent is the request of the U.S. Of the WTO Dispute settlement body in the determination whether or not the EU regulations of genetically engineered food and seed imports are an illegal barrier to trade because they are not scientifically justified."(Dawkins, 2005)
IX. Global Linkages
Today's consumption patterns are extremely unsustainable and as well they are inequitable in nature. While only 1/5 of the world's population is composed by the riches countries of the world, 45% of the total meat consumption is credited to these countries along with 58% of energy use, 84% of paper use and 87% of the total vehicles owned world wide are vehicles in these rich countries. The poorest 1/5 of the world population which equals approximately 1 billion people lack food, shelter, housing, water and sanitation as well as access to electricity.
X. Environmental Activism's Evolution
Activism in years gone by meant appearing at public places, assembling for rallies and protests and other publicly attended events. However, today in the Internet age it is possible to create waves without ever leaving home. In the privacy of one's own home the activist can write the President of the U.S. And send it and it be received by the President on the very same day. The Internet has brought the activist the benefit of being able to protest from afar, to join with others of the same mind and in a coordinated effort to make a difference in the world.
XI. Sustainability Explained
Sustainability is a terms which means that the individual human being is sustained or provided for by a set amount or measurement acreage of land. Yet, there is not enough land in existence today to sustain the population of the earth at the rate of consumption presently being witnessed. The approach of late is one which is systematic in nature and emphasizes the need to:
Make goods and services serve sustainable development: meeting basic needs, improving quality of life, raising efficiency, and regenerating the environment.
Reform the underlying patterns of demand, such as market forces, demographics, social and cultural values, technology, regulations and infrastructure.
Use the demand side to lever long-term social, economic and environmental benefits in use and along the product chain.
Influence the purchase, use and disposal choices made by corporations and public authorities, not just individual consumers.
Identify innovative political, cultural and market approaches to comprehending and changing complex patterns.
A seven point agenda in achieving the global shift are shown in the Chart labeled Chart 1.0 below:
It is clear that patterns of consumption, of land development, pollution, waste, genetic modification of food products, and this to list only a few of the many destructive practices of the world today that all nations of earth are in serious danger of coming to understand through experience the dismal existence that has been forced upon the underdeveloped countries of the world for many generations. It is clear as well that should the world continue without amending the present practices in use of fossil fuels and other wasteful practices that sustainability will only be a topic for the few organisms remaining after the extinction of mankind and all higher life forms upon the earth. Some plan of action for addressing the problems in terms of the environment, ecology, and the state of existence of those in countries that lack food, shelter and proper healthcare are urgent in nature. It is time that the people of the world awake from the blissful stupor of over-consumption and over-indulgence and demand that those in leadership positions support the efforts of those who have already initiated plans for addressing these problems and that these leaders are required to seek solutions while in their positions in office.
Globalization's Effects "A World Connected" Online available at http://www.aworldconnected.org/article.php/231.html
Shah, Anup (2005) Effects of Consumerism 2005 April 18 Online available at http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Consumption/Effects.asp
Globalization: Negative Effects of Development (2005) Walon Laboratories Online available at http://whalonlab.msu.edu/Student_Webpages/2003_EC_Projects / Globalization/page_6.html.
Robbins, Richard H. Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism. Allyn & Bacon. Copyright: 2002.
Union of Concerned Scientists: Global Environment: Invasive Species Online available at: www.ucsusa.org/global_environment/invasive_species/index.cfm.
The Loss of Biodiversity and Its Negative Effects on Human Health (2005) SEAM Global Online available at http://seamglobal.com/lossof
Facts on Ecosystem Change (2005) Ecosystem Change Summary Page Online GreenFacts ORG available at: www.greenfacts.org/links/webmaster/summary-page/ecosystem-change.htm.