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9). The researcher go on to note that criminological research is distinctive in that it combines sociology and psychology in interesting ways to explore abnormal behaviors or those that deviate from the expected norm. It is vital in crime to measure it accurately, so this suggests a review of statistics should show whether young children coming from oppressive homes or those lacking direction are more likely to turn to crime than others (Carrabine, Iganski, Lee et al., 2004: 10). Statistics suggest early sociologists believed and confirmed with statistics that crime was a key concern related to youth "delinquency and youthful gangs and crime" suggesting crime is "bound up with conflict" that often includes tension and stress associated with interacting with people in society (Carrabine, Iganski, Lee et al., 2004:45). Social pathologies do exist among individuals that suffered or were raised with little formal guidance and structure (Ashworth, 2003).
Variables that would be important to consider explaining the occurrence of crime would include the age when the indicted first committed crime (Ashworth, 2003) as well as their socio-economic status, age, familial status and physical and mental health (Ashworth, 2003). Other important variables to explore would be the incumbents perceptions of their youth and reports of their experiences as youths from the criminal and from the family members of the individual studied. The personal theory proposed assumes that the psychological and early sociological methodologies of inquiry would enable the researcher to explore in more detail what social processes and what psychological processes contribute to criminal behavior or deviant activity, whether exemplified in youth or as young adults.
Ashworth, a. (2003) 'Is Restorative Justice the Way Forward for Criminal Justice?' In E., McLaughlin, R. Fergusson, G. Hughes and L. Westmarland (Eds) Restorative Justice: Critical Issues, London: Sage.
Carrabine, Eamonn; Iganski, Paul; Lee, Maggy; Plummer, Ken; & South,…
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Since, by definition, delinquency areas are characterized by a concentration of delinquents and criminals in a small geographical area, the chances would be slim of a child growing up in such a setting and not coming into contact with values and behavior that supported criminality (Shoemaker 2009). The responsibility of a vice principal is not simply to punish bad behavior, but it is also to try to understand the reasoning for
Therefore, in response to criminal actions, the rules and laws of a system are developed. It is their presence that represents the glue of the social parts. One shortcoming of this theory however is the fact that it cannot explain the motivation behind the actual existence of criminal behavior. It tends to perceive the society as a whole, through statistics and factual dates and tries to predict its evolution. Durkheim
Criminology M8D1: Assessing criminological theories According to Bernard (2010), individual differences between people are a factor that can explain why some people commit crime while other does not. Individual difference between people leads to some people to be aggressive and engage in rule-breaking behaviors in society. These unruly behaviors according to may be as a result of genetic factors that are different in all people. There is a strong connection between genetics
This is the foundation of the psychiatric classification of antisocial personality disorder. Robins also thought that antisocial personality is evident early in life and that it tends to persevere from childhood to adulthood, with dissimilar behavioral demonstrations (Farrington, 2002). Normally, psychological theories often comprise motivational, inhibiting, decision-making, and learning processes. The most ordinary motivational notion is that individuals, particularly kids are naturally self-indulgent and self-centered, looking for pleasure and staying
VI. DURKHEIM'S ANOMIE Another theory in criminology is known as 'Durkheim's Anomie' which was conceived by Emile Durkheim, a French sociologist who first introduced the anomie in the work entitled: "The Division of Labor in Society" in which the anomie was utilized in provides a description of a "condition of deregulation that was occurring in society." (Criminological Theory, 2001) This anomie was used to describe how that the mores' of behavior
These studies are in relation to some several factors. These include rehabilitation of offenders, historical studies of crime and critical inquiry of crime. Others include studies of reforms of crime control and studies of linking crime control to public policy. Pratt suggests that the relevance of criminology is that it gives solutions as to how people can prevent a rise of criminal cases in society. People desire to protect themselves
" One study examined 595 participants, who filled out questionnaires for the research and concluded that social bonding issues play a part in social deviance including the use of drugs and alcohol (Pawlak, 1993). Relating Theory to Social Issue Relating the two criminology theories to the current social issue of adolescent substance abuse, is relatively easy to do. In each of the theories, studies have been conducted to ascertain the amount, if any,