9). The researcher go on to note that criminological research is distinctive in that it combines sociology and psychology in interesting ways to explore abnormal behaviors or those that deviate from the expected norm. It is vital in crime to measure it accurately, so this suggests a review of statistics should show whether young children coming from oppressive homes or those lacking direction are more likely to turn to crime than others (Carrabine, Iganski, Lee et al., 2004: 10). Statistics suggest early sociologists believed and confirmed with statistics that crime was a key concern related to youth "delinquency and youthful gangs and crime" suggesting crime is "bound up with conflict" that often includes tension and stress associated with interacting with people in society (Carrabine, Iganski, Lee et al., 2004:45). Social pathologies do exist among individuals that suffered or were raised with little formal guidance and structure (Ashworth, 2003).
Variables that would be important to consider explaining the occurrence of crime would include the age when the indicted first committed crime (Ashworth, 2003) as well as their socio-economic status, age, familial status and physical and mental health (Ashworth, 2003). Other important variables to explore would be the incumbents perceptions of their youth and reports of their experiences as youths from the criminal and from the family members of the individual studied. The personal theory proposed assumes that the psychological and early sociological methodologies of inquiry would enable the researcher to explore in more detail what social processes and what psychological processes contribute to criminal behavior or deviant activity, whether exemplified in youth or as young adults.
Ashworth, a. (2003) 'Is Restorative Justice the Way Forward for Criminal Justice?' In E., McLaughlin, R. Fergusson, G. Hughes and L. Westmarland (Eds) Restorative Justice: Critical Issues, London: Sage.