Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from dissertation:
In the State of Kelantan, the ideal of having the governing but this is inadequate. The PAS-led
Firstly, the realities that are related to external factors, from outside the Party, and secondly to internal factors, from within the Party and the PAS-led government themselves. In the former, one witnessed the role of This was especially evident through its Federal Development
Department that was established in the State, in interrupting the endeavors undertaken by the PAS-led government. In the latter, PAS is suffering from at least five realities, that is, leadership identity crisis, lack of practical experience and expertise, the existence of unmotivated civil servants, absence of either a blueprint or a proper operational guideline and its refusal to welcome help from other sympathized Islamic movements. Consequently, Beside these shortcomings, the Kelantanese
have certainly proven to be at least an attempt to determine their own lifestyles according to their character which culminates in the existence of the beauty of Islam
already partly felt in the State, with relatively more peacefulness, tranquility and friendly atmosphere (ibid., 235-236).
In Ufen's study, Malaysia's electoral authoritarian system has been increasingly coming under increasing pressure. The indicators of this have been the metamorphosis of the opposition forces since
1998. Particularly, the results of the 2008 parliamentary elections indicated this.
In the years 1957 until 1998, political party opposition in Malaysia was fragmented. The initial transformation of the political parties in the radical opposition began at the height of the 1997 Asian financial crisis. This came after a major conflict within the ruling United Malays
National Party in 1998. However, the regime was able to weaken the opposition, resulting in its poor performance in the 2004 elections.
Afterwards, in a second transformation that has continued until the present This article argues that the increase in the strength and cohesion of political party opposition since 1998 has been caused mainly by five combined factors. These include the Party (Parti Islam SeMalaysia). Consequently it has become conceivable that the country of Malaysia will incrementally democratize itself in a protracted transition.
Although the 1999 and 2008 elections were not foundational, they have been transitional. They may not have inaugurated a new democratic regime,
The assertiveness of an Islamic ethos in parts of the world since the time of the 1970s was witnessed in many countries (especially those with largly Muslim populations. Malaysia is not exceptional in this regard. The religion is becoming more and more dominant in Malaysian society. Hussain Mutalib's study assesses the Islamisation process in Malaysia, with reference to two key issues. Firstly, he considers whether or not the contemporary Islamic developments there signaled the beginnings, if not the inevitable path of Malaysia becoming an Islamic state. Second, the feasibility and relevance of such a political option for the governing of Malaysia is examined (Mutalib 1993, 17).
To sum up, the jury is out as to whether or not Islam will have a chance to integrate itself into Malaysian society. Islam is casting a larger and larger footprint in Malaysian society and is infiltrating government organizations in a possible unrecoverable manner. Unfortunately, political Islam may be the final stop along this political journey.
Aziz, Azmi and a.B. Shamsul. "The religious, the plural, the secular and the modern: a brief critical survey on Islam in Malaysia." Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 5 (2004): 341-356.
Harding, Andrew. "The Keris, the Crescent and the Blind Goddess: The State, Islam and the Constitution in Malaysia." Singapore Journal of International & Comparative Law 154
Singapore Journal of International 6 (2002): 154 -- 180.
Mabry, Tristan James. "Modernization, nationalism and Islam: an examination of Ernest Gellner writings on Muslim society s with reference to Indonesia and Malaysia." Ethnic and Racial
Studies Volume 21 (1998): 64-88.
Mutalib, Hussain. Islam in Malaysia: from revivalism to Islamic State?. Kent Ridge, Singapore:
Singapore Univ. Press, 1993. (accessed February 27, 2012).
Salleh, Muhammad Syukryi. "Establishing an Islamic State: Ideals and Realities in the State of Kelantan, Malaysia." Southeast Asian Studies 2 (1999): 235-255.
Samad, Abdus. "Performance of interest-free islamic banks vis-a-vis interest-based conventional
Banks of Bahrain." IIUM Journal of Economics and Management 12 (2004): 1-15.
Shamsul, a.B. "A History of an Identity, an Identity of a History: The…[continue]
"Democracy And Islam In Malaysia" (2012, February 27) Retrieved October 28, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/democracy-and-islam-in-malaysia-54582
"Democracy And Islam In Malaysia" 27 February 2012. Web.28 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/democracy-and-islam-in-malaysia-54582>
"Democracy And Islam In Malaysia", 27 February 2012, Accessed.28 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/democracy-and-islam-in-malaysia-54582
Yet it is somewhat biased, due to the author being a strict fundamentalist. Said, Edward. "The Clash of Definitions." Emran Qureshi & Michael a. Sells, eds. The New Crusades: Constructing the Muslim Enemy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003, 70-80. This essay presents a very divergent viewpoint as compared to that of political theorist and practitioner Samuel P. Huntington whose views on the "Clash of Civilizations" is now being questioned and
Freedom of Association in Malaysia When one talks about the foundation of a powerful civil society, freedom of association is very important for the foundation along with the rule of law, freedom of religion, freedom of expression and free and competitive elections. Freedom of association is also an important part of the pluralistic democracy (Tekle, 2010). The previous communist countries of the Central and Eastern Europe which had been, in the
The armed activities of resistance or assault committed in these contexts tends to drive a view of Islam as a radical force counterintuitive to the philosophical aims of western capitalism. As Malik (2004) contends on this point, "it is not surprising that islamophobic authors frequently resort to the concept of secularism which they say needs to be defended against an increasing influence of political Islam in Europe." (Malik, 148) It
Under it, conversion to Islam was irreversible and only Malay and Islamic cultures were recognized and in disregard of the fact that about half of the total population in the peninsula was non-Malay and non-Muslim. Although the privileges and favors given to the Malays were to help bring them to the same economic productivity level as the Chinese, the government policy of discrimination did not appear likely even if the
Seize the Moment -- Richard Nixon Nixon's Life and Legacy The book by Richard Nixon, Seize The Moment, was published eighteen years after Nixon had resigned the presidency of the United States. The former president was caught up in a cover-up of the Watergate scandal in 1973, and even though he had asked for the resignation of his two top aides, as the investigation into the botched burglary at Watergate continued it
Social dynamics, meanwhile, look into the prevalent perception of JI's society and the international viewpoint on radical Islamism. Lastly, the political dynamics centers on the viewpoints supporting and opposing JI activities, specifically its linkage with Al-Qaeda. Religious dynamics Explicated earlier is the ultimate goal of JI in establishing itself as an Islamic militant group: to create an Islam-centered social order, starting specifically in Indonesia. Jones' (2005) analysis of the history of
relationship exists between difference of religion and the occurrence of civil wars within societies. The relationship between religious groups to society can be defined against the backdrop of war. Powerful emotions surround both conflict and military conflict (Yinger, 1946). A direct relationship has been recognized for several year regarding religion and violence. Students of organized religion "have frequently pointed out the ease with which most church leaders shift, at