Haiti and Dominican Republic Future Political-Economic Integration Essay
- Length: 20 pages
- Sources: 2
- Subject: Economics
- Type: Essay
- Paper: #38573829
Excerpt from Essay :
Haiti and Dominican Republic: Future Political-Economic Integration
Haiti Dominican Republic, a future political economic integration
Domestic and regional political processes and competition between different interest groups aid in the explanation of change and development processes or lack of the two in Haiti. Political economy and analytical frameworks contribute in making links between the underlying factors and the impact of development in a public manner. Each country has bodies charged with the aim of promoting political and economic integration with an aim of achieving positive results and limiting the negative impact
A combination of political and economic integration promotes sustainability of a country or nation by generation of higher income and facilitation of clean energy. It also promotes peace and harmony in the country and between the country and its neighbours. However, economic integration may cause degradation of natural resources because of exploitation and bring inequity in the region. All that determines the outcome of economic and political integration are the policy enacted to guide and guard the process. Development and enactment of effective environmental policies may bring both negative and positive impact of Haiti Dominican Republic integration. This indicates that economic and regional integration highly promotes sustainable in Haiti and its neighbouring countries. To ensure a successful or a positive impact political and economic integration, there are certain approaches, which are deployable. The approaches are as discussed in this work
Political economy approach
There are a number of political and economy approaches and conceptual approaches at the disposal for political and economic integration. These approaches may have different factors or details, but they have quite a number of vital features in common. The main aim of these approaches is to explore the outcome of the underlying causes of positive or poor development impact. A number of the available approaches focus on the interest and incentives that face significant political and economic actors. These assessments help to uncover and understand political will and the availability of certain choices of policy. It also helps to uncover the groups, elites, and leaders involved in economic and political integration. The approaches also uncover the factors such as institutions, culture, and religion among others involved in the process of integration. They focus on the implantation arrangements to put in place for the facilitation of the integration process and maximizing the positive effect of the same process
A number of the political economy approaches refer to the interrelation between three factors, which interact together and influence the development and changes in a number of ways.
These factors include the following:
Foundational and structural features: These factors shape the character of the state or country and its political system. They may include a history of the state formation, geography, and state revenue sources. These factors change slow with time but have enormous significance on the stability of a state.
The interplay between formal and informal institutions: Institutions are the backbone of the game. They set out the rules followed in the game for integration purposes. Rules can are open to change and formalization on the contrary, the case of the formal institution, only understanding the rules is required. An individual focuses to understand the interaction of the formal institutions with the formal ones such as cultural and social norms. These factors can be confusing since they are invincible and maybe lightly taken into consideration. This calls for attentiveness and focus when dealing with these factors
Since both the formal and informal rules of the game plays a significant role in shaping and mediating political and economic interactions and the creation of incentives or obstacles, this makes the process of integration crucial and for development. It also affects the potential of these factors to work collectively as at team.
These policies and approaches have applied and recorded success in a number of countries in southern Asia; this makes them practicable in Haiti. Researchers have applied these concepts in some areas resulting in a number of insights that may speed up and enrich the concept and idea, which may enrich the discussion or debates concerning regional integration. Some of the applicable concepts and ideas in the discussions include the ones discussed below in this section. Politics is to be taken as a contestation and bargaining power interest groups over rights, access and uses of resources. This implies that politics acts as the bridge between rights and democracy and is vital for development processes. Bad governance means poor politics and hence low development process. The nature of political knowledge and the political and economic elites plays a vital role in the integration of a country. This implies that individuals who have majored in the political and economic field are the ones who spearhead the integration process
A nation with many intellects in this field has the higher chances of speedy integration process than the ones having few or no intellects in the political field. There is urgency and need to identify and allocate more roles in of the sub-groups and sub-sectors in the integrations process. Allocating specific roles for the sub-groups in the integration role makes it much easier for one to notice the groups that fight for the integration process and the ones dragging the process. This makes it easier for implementations and correction in such areas for the betterment of the process. Dividing roles for different sub-groups also makes it easier to track the performance level and progress of each sector in the integration process. The economic processes that bring about the distribution and generation of wealth are significant for economic and political integration. This means that activities that monopolise distribution and generation of funds and resources are undermining factors for the integration process. Activities that do not generate funds also slow down the process of economic and political integration. This calls for Haiti to invest in activities that generates funds and distributes the same equally. The way by which a state or nation generates its revenues and the nature of the revenues is also crucial and have an impact on the integration process
The natures of the revenues include taxes, rents, unearned income including donor aid among other forms of revenues collected in the state. A nation, which has low revenue collection, has poor or slow political economic process and vice versa. Reforms in the institutions of a country also dictate the process of political economic integration. Poor reforms initiative implies poor integration while speedy, transparent and well-monitored policy reforms processes make the process of political economic integration faster. Impact of the global and regional drivers on the domestic political economy also dictates the process of integration. In cases where the impact of the global and regional on the local political economy is negative, the integration process becomes slow and vice versa. A number of external interventions and interruptions that bases on assumptions concerning modification or renovation processes fail as outside actors repeatedly ignore these political economy underpinnings
Political and economic integration is a vital factor in the development and stability of a country, and it deserves treatment with the attention and seriousness it requires. Political economic integration in Haiti has the objectives as discussed in this section of this work.
To dismiss the prevailing logic of best practice and replace it with the analytical approach. This process aims at prioritizing the analytical approach over the common normative practice approach. This initiative aims at bringing about more scrutiny since it involves analysis of the entire approach resulting in a more informed and results-based feedback.
It aims at creating awareness on the roles of regional and global community on the domestic political and economic integration process. This involves the creations made by the global and regional collaborates on the domestic integration process and may involve economic and political contributions.
To create awareness on the potential and importance of learning, by switching the normative approach with the analytical approach, this process ensures that people adapt to change, embrace learning, and value the importance of learning.
Another objective is to create awareness and space for dialogue in the process of integration. This brings about uniformity and combined workforce, which results in the realisation of the target.
All these 'objectives revolve around the realization of a positive impact of political economy integration in Haiti.
The regional organization of Haiti and Dominican Republic appear in a way that the citizens from both the countries could easily access the other country. In addition, the borders were open to citizens from both countries due to labor purposes. Some citizens worked across the borders therefore there was no reason to lock up the boundaries. The adjacent location of the two countries contributes greatly to the economy of both countries. The two countries depend on each other mutually ranging from the relationship in the trade and labor sector. The Dominican Republic mostly supports Haiti by providing the relief food. This is because Haiti is poorer than the Dominican Republic therefore the Haitians mostly worked as…