Managing Quality Safety and Risk Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

He or she is also entitled to proper medication to deal with the disease.

It's not just the responsibility of medics to offer health care but the family members of the sick too play a very important role in caring about health. By accompanying the sick person to hospital and administering the prescribed medicine at home. As well, family members offer support by praying and giving the sick member company. Did you know that even loneliness is a health hazard.

Quality health care is individual responsibility. Every individual is supposed to make sure they have the best health always. Contagious diseases should be avoided at all costs, however, should we contact them then we should care for ourselves. A sick person should maintain bodily cleanliness and eat the right foods. Ones health should not also cause harm to neighbors at home and in public. Global concerns are also rising quickly to manage health conditions caused by global changes. For example airborne diseases which have cropped up at alarming rates such as the recent swine flu was dealt with the moment it was discovered. However, some which are contagious have taken millions of lives.

Quality health is ensuring that every individual gets the best medication through advanced scientific methods of discovering the illness and good medicines for patients. The discovery of ARVs for HIV positive persons shows that the world is achieving greatly in its quest to meet the needs of patients globally. Research is on and stubborn diseases such as cancer will soon have medicine to deal with them.Quality health care are giving every one the benefit of advanced treatment for all illnesses. Medical practitioners who are qualified should be employed in both urban and rural hospitals. If one must undergo surgery then a surgeon is available even in the middle of the night to carry out the operation. Quality medicines should be readily available to suit needs of patients. Equipment should be enhanced in all hospitals to maximize health care. Everyone needs a clean environment to live in. A Residential apartment which is well spaced and cleaned offers fresh air for life. A mosquito free environment, a well slashed compound, good sewage systems and clean water -- all these offer quality health.

Discussion of the relative benefits and drawbacks of "checking" versus and "trusting" in health care provision

The health care system must be appropriately managed in order to ensure that there is high quality in the level of services that are provided to the patients. There are certain benefits of checking and trusting in the health care system. In order to ensure that the quality of health provided at the health care facilities match the standards that are required while improving the bar through the incorporation of new technology, it is important to ensure that the system is checked for any errors and deficiencies.

The checking of the health care system requires the use of various strategies such as the primary health care approach (WHO,1978). This involves the nomination of community participation as one aspect of it. This is because the approach involves the use of a social-environment model that encourages the various participants to be involved in a collective action for the sake of improvement of the health care services (Labonte, 1992).This in view of the fat that individuals can only participate fully in programs that involve research on programs and services that have a direct influence on their lives/health if their opinions are considered and taken into due account.

Patients can play an important role in the reduction of patient safety incidents. This is by contribution of patients at most stages as in helping avoid medication errors and monitoring of adverse events. Patients can be engaged in the safety of the care delivered to them; however, it should not be taken to mean that the patients should carry the ultimate responsibility for the safety of the care that they receive.

Identification has been made internationally to empower patients to take an active role in their own health as a key factor in the drive to improve health services for them. But to all these, patients can only function as a 'safety buffer' which is often the very last one in addition to those already in the health care system as the responsibility for delivering care should remain in the hands of health professionals as in the demographic characteristics which states that patients involvement with the process of healthcare delivery has been found to vary according to the patient's age, sex and education.

According to age, younger patients tend to want more involvement than older patients. As to sex, female patients prefer a more active role than male patients. According to education, it is stated that highly educated patients opt for more engagement than the less educated people. Suggestions to these effects are the results of differences in health literacy; in general, patients who are younger and those who are more / highly educated tend to have a greater capacity for obtaining processing and comprehending basic health information.

Baum has summarized four types of community participation (Baum,1998) which differs in the extent to which participation involves power which is transferred to communities from states or experts such as consultation as a means ask for opinion and reactions to plan for service and policies from people. The consultation is limited, and usually controlled by the organizations initiating consultation and initiated by organizations outside the community. A defined end can also be achieved by the use of participation. And it is initiated by organizations outside the community such as establishment of panel for priority setting in health services. When people are actively involved in determining priorities and implementation, substantive participation occurs. But when the initiative is externally controlled. Although people outside the community may initiate it, this type of participation may lead to structural participation over time. If the initiative becomes developmental it may involve a shift in power to the community. Examples include self-help groups initiated by a community health center's staff and community heart health programs working with local agencies

Bibliography

Baum F (1998).The new public health: an Australian perspective, Oxford University Press,

Melbourne.

Mannion R, Konteh F, Davies H (2008) Measuring culture for quality and safety improvement: a national survey of tools and tool use, Quality and Safety in Health Care (in press).

Mannion R, Davies H, Marshall M (2005) Cultural attributes of 'high' and 'low' performing hospitals. Journal of Health Organization and Management 19(6):431-9.

Labonte R (1992) 'Heart health inequalities in Canada: Models, theory and planning,' Health

Promotion International, 7(2): 119-128.

Wadhwa, S (2002) Customer Satisfaction and Health Care Delivery Systems: Commentary with Australian Bias . The Internet Journal of Health.Volume 3 Number 1

http://www.ispub.com/ostia/index.php?xmlFilePath=journals/ijh/vol3n1/bias.xml

Webster (2010). Healthcare

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/healthcare

World Health Organisation (1978) Primary Health Care "Health for all" series no 1 International

Conference of Primary Health Care, Alma Ata, USSR, World Health Org/UNICEF Geneva.

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