North Korea's Provocation to the U S South Term Paper
- Length: 12 pages
- Sources: 12
- Subject: History - Asian
- Type: Term Paper
- Paper: #73667020
Excerpt from Term Paper :
North Korea's provocation to the U.S., South Korea and Japan with the help of their nuclear weapons, media and foreign policy.
"The most critical thing in the war of North Korea is to teach everyone of our nation to hate U.S. imperialism, or else, all of us will be unable to defeat them who are boating about their technological superiority." These are the famous words of the leader of North Korea who had instigated the hatred for U.S. And its allies in the North Koreans. The beliefs and ideology of North Korea is entirely different from Unites States of America, Japan and South Korea and there have been many issues in the past amongst these nations. The conflicting national interest and the pursuit for technological superiority is a major threat to the world development and world security.
The rise of the nuclear technology has meant a greater threat of wars and destruction. North Korea on purpose has been stating many allegations and threats against U.S., Japan and South Korea. North Korea seems to be provoking a war against them. There are many complications understanding why they are doing so. The paper will help in analyzing the various dimensions of North Korea's statements and actions. There are many proposed solutions to this issue but yet none of the suggested solutions have made any difference, in fact the situation has gone pretty worse with the passage of time and recently the situation is in a critical phase.
Korea was liberated from Japan after the Second World War. It has been a divided country since then. It is reported that U.S. brought in the atomic weapons to Korea way back in 1956. This decision was condemned by the United Nations in 1957. North Korea had responded by strengthening its military forces and developing strategies to face South Korea and U.S.. In 1963, North Korea found an ally in the form of Soviet Union. Soviet Union helped the North Koreans in developing their nuclear program which included the training of the nuclear scientists. China was also approached by the North Koreans to aid them in their pursuit for a massive nuclear program, but China refused.
The major trigger for the nuclear program of North Korea was provided by the suspected and expected alliance of U.S., Japan and a few other nations which could have turned out to be a major threat to the North Korean sovereignty. Kim IL Sung had doubts over their allies Soviets that they probably would not back them up in case of an attack from any of the threats. There was an army of 700,000 and 200,000 police men were also present there to back the army in the mid 1960s. The lack of trust in the Soviets was increased by their betrayal of the Cubans during the times of the Caribbean crisis. However Soviet Union kept on providing them with their support through technological transfers, despite the possibility that North Koreans could provide China with the same technology which was not acceptable to the communist regimes.
As the Soviet Union collapsed, the leaders of North Korea knew very well that now the needed to make adjustments in their policies and processes. They started to formulate new set of ties with the Americans. The two countries had a pact of non-aggression since the beginning of the century. On the other hand U.S. rejected the call for the bilateral ties. They wanted to have ties between the six countries which included Russia, Japan, South Korea and China. The American stance on North Korea was that they had not been loyal with their previous agreements therefore they did not accept any offer of talks. This initiated a diplomatic stalemate.
In the recent years North Korea has continued to provoke its threats continuously through statements and actions. In 2006, North Korea conducted successfully a nuclear test. The test was confirmed by the American and Japanese Geological authorities. In the same year the North Korean newspaper, "Minju Joson" had put serious allegations on South Korea of making plans to attack North Korea. They claimed that South Korea has made new kind o weapons to specifically target North Korea. The newspaper also reported U.S.'s involvement in the scheming against North Korea. There were continuous allegations and U.S. had denied a number of times.
In 2009, North Korea had conducted another nuclear test at the same location where the first test was performed. It is reported that the test weapon had the same power which the atomic bombs possessed which were used in the 2nd world war. These tests were confirmed by South Korea and Russia. In 2011, a Pakistani scientist claimed that North Korea had gained the nuclear technology by bribing Pakistan's military officials. However he did not provide any proof to the claim that he made.
North Korea has effectively used their foreign policy as a tool for provoking their enemies. Since the start of the 1980s decade, the foreign policy has been closely monitored by its enemies due to their nuclear program. North Korea has been operating smartly and has maintained good relations with the other powerful nations such as Russia and China, while they have been continuously posing threats to the enemies of their state which are USA, Japan and South Korea.
Relations with United States of America
The negotiations began in the year 1993 to resolve the nuclear programs of North Korea and yet the negotiations have not led to any conclusion. The long duration of the negotiations is reflecting the intensity of the issue. Not a lot is known about the intensity of nuclear plans of North Korea. One thing is for sure that the negotiations made for such a long time have not provided any solutions. In the year 1994, an agreement was reached to freeze all the nuclear activities in the North Korea, although there were suggestions to completely demolish the program. This agreement was abandoned through CVID (Comprehensive Verifiable and Irreversible Dismantlement) which was brought in by the Bush administration. The goal to dictate terms in North Korea by the U.S. was unrealistic because the North Koreans refused completely to be dictated by some other country unlike many other countries which had allowed U.S. To interfere in their internal affairs.
The negotiations which failed indicated that a fixed goal cannot be achieved and establishing a political security is going to be an extremely tough job. The economic relations have also suffered a great deal due to these failed negotiations. North Korea's approach has been to tackle the situation with technical approaches and military approaches, as they have been obtaining a provocation strategy for the past few years.
The nuclear dilemma has been worsened by the negotiation process which has been going on for the past many years. The changes in the policies with the changing faces of the American politics has also hindered the progress of the negotiations as after every election there has been a shift in the policies and strategies while carrying out negotiation. The approaches by Clinton, Bush and now Obama are also quite different from each other.
After the 9/11 attack, George Bush termed North Korea as a part of the "Axis of Evil," yet he stated that he didn't want to take any immediate military action against North Korea. In 2006, John Feffer stated that the agreement made in 1994 was flawed agreement and under the current circumstances U.S. didn't want any sort of agreement with North Korea. The diplomatic efforts are hard to be carried out because of the complicated relations between the other nations of the region. None of the nations want North Korea to possess nuclear energy however they all are varies of the fact that a possible attack on North Korea can have a severe impact on their country as North Korea can start counter strikes. China and South Korea also know that they can face severe consequences economically also which can be there as a result of collapse of North Korea.
The Obama regime had been continuously trying to reach for solutions peacefully through negotiations. There have been several visits of leaders of the two countries but any solid solution is yet to be developed. In 2012, North Korea had announced that they will not conduct any other nuclear tests and will suspend the enrichment of Uranium. This led to some improvements in the bilateral ties. U.S. had welcomed this move and were waiting for time to pass in order to judge the commitment of North Korea, and it did not last even two months as in April North Korea had conducted a missile test which ended in a failure, since then U.S. has abandoned all the food aid which they were promised.
Relations with South Korea
The relationship with South Korea has been traditionally been of hatred due to the past differences. North Korea has been threatening South Korea for a number of years. South Korea on the other hand has the support…