Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
In a number of letters written by Caesar to Roman writer and historian Cicero, one finds that Caesar admitted "no hope of delivering booty except slaves" from Britannia and confirms "his failure to acquire booty and reports that he is only returning home" to Rome with hostages and the promise of tribute (Arnott, 232). Therefore, Caesar's two excursions into Britannia were miserable economic failures and did not live up to Rome's financial expectations which before the excursions were seen as being a matter of fact.
In essence, Caesar's excursions into Britannia in the early years of the 1st century B.C.E. And all subsequent excursions in the early years of the 1st century a.D. were based upon one simple quest -- that Britannia could be heavily exploited by the Roman Empire and thus result in the acquisition of many natural resources which Rome required for its citizens in order to maintain their elegant and lavish lifestyles. For obvious reasons, the citizens of mighty Rome regarded Britannia as a very valuable and desirable commodity, especially after discovering that the Greek historian and geographer Strabo (63 B.C.E. To 24 a.D.), just prior to Caesar's first expedition, was overflowing with many agricultural products, such as corn and grain, and possessed a wealth of natural resources like gold, silver and iron, along with a number of minerals.
Strabo also spoke of Britannia's natural waterways and ports and its many pastures which in his eyes offered "enormous profitability related to financial revenues" (Frere, 258). Thus, for Rome and its citizens, Britannia had much to do with huge profits and served as one of the most desirable prizes related to the expansion of the Roman Empire. Besides the abundance of gold, silver, iron, lead ore, copper, tin and timber, Britannia also possessed a huge amount of stone, such as limestone, granite and basalt, which the Romans utilized for the construction of their homes, temples, bridges and wharves. In addition, Britannia held an almost unlimited amount of timber which could be used for fuel, not to mention enormous deposits of coal.
Unfortunately, Caesar did not gain possession of any of these material goods in any great number, perhaps because of the Celtic desire to oust the Romans at all costs which greatly interfered with Caesar's ability to collect and gather together enough booty to take back to Rome as evidence of his power and influence. But after the death of Julius Caesar, the Roman Empire did manage to subdue Britannia and its Celtic people and placed much of the island, approximately south of present-day Scotland and down to the Atlantic coastline, under Roman rule and control.
Thus, by 47 a.D., "the whole of southern Britain was safely under Roman control" which allowed for the construction of a gigantic raised road "with a ditch on either side, defining the northern edge" of Roman Britain ("History of Roman Britain," Internet). Also, at about the same time, the city of London came into being and quickly developed into one of the busiest centers of Roman trade in the entire western world.
In conclusion, the proposition that Britannia was an "economic lame duck" may have been a true statement when Caesar first entered Britannia, but by the 400's a.D., Britain had become one of the wealthiest Roman occupations in history, for according to some ancient sources, the people of Britannia, i.e., the Romano-British, were experiencing great prosperity and had been, for the most part, converted to Christianity, doing away with their ancient pagan religions, except of course for the Druids. However, as Arnott reminds us, relations between the Romans and Britannia's barbarians remained extremely fragile if not downright hateful despite all that had been accomplished by the Roman Empire by the 5th century a.D.
Arnott, Peter. The Romans and Their World. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1970.
Frere, Steven S. Britannia: A History of Roman Britain. London: Constable Press,
History of Roman Britain." History World. 2008. Internet. Accessed October 11, 2008 at http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac71.
Potter, T.W. Roman Britain. London: The British Museum, 1997.[continue]
"Roman Britain The Roman Empire" (2008, October 19) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/roman-britain-the-empire-27494
"Roman Britain The Roman Empire" 19 October 2008. Web.4 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/roman-britain-the-empire-27494>
"Roman Britain The Roman Empire", 19 October 2008, Accessed.4 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/roman-britain-the-empire-27494
Roman World Rome, whose beginning can be traced in 753 B.C., is the capital city of Italy. Initially, kings ruled the city; however, the last king, Tarquin the Proud, was overthrown. Rome, then, became a republic for the next four hundred years. During this time, the republic was ruled by a Senate. The people to do different jobs in the senate were called Senators (Buckleitner, 58). However, not everyone was
E. The voices who argue that America should and could be an imperial superpower, but lacks sound practical judgment. The thesis of this paper is that the history of the Roman Empire can be matched to that of the United States in terms of economy, political power, as well as aspirations. In this sense, present day America is very similar to fourth of even fifth century Rome; this poses one stringent
British History: Britain is a country that has been shaped by turmoil and several significant events that have taken place in the nation's history. While some of the events have also had significant impact on other countries, Britain has mainly been shaped by events that have occurred within the country. Generally, British history is characterized by a variety of individuals occupying a wide range of regions. In some cases, the
Roman Republic, which took place over a century from the end of the Punic Wars in 146 BC to the establishment of autocracy and military dictatorship under Julius Caesar after 45 BC, and then Octavian-Augustus from 31 BC, one of the most important questions would be: what were the main causes for its failure? There are no simple answers to that, of course, although almost certainly socioeconomic factors were
Ottoman Empire In 1683, when the Ottoman forces were besieging Vienna, the empire reached its high-water mark and then began its slow, steady decline after suffering a major defeat in this battle. Only very gradually did Europeans come to perceive it as the Sick Man of Europe, however, since it was still formidable enough to play an important role in the defeat of Russia in the Crimean War of 1854-56. This
Carthage Empire The origin of the Carthaginian Empire can be traced back to 814 BC, North Africa where Carthage was situated towards the east of Lake Tunis where we can locate Tunisia today. Carthage was basically founded by Phoenician settlers which came from Tyre city which is now known as Sur in Lebanon. Queen Dido was credited with being the founder of this city and since the establishment of this empire;
The artworks prevalent during the early Middle Ages in many ways stand between these two extremes. The art of this period was one that was both religiously inclined but also celebrated the human form and human nature that was to become so prominent in the Renaissance. In many ways much of early Medieval art was similar to the abstract and decorative art that we find in Islamic examples. An example