Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Locking up petty thieves and drug users (the overwhelming majority of them black and Latino males) for 25 years to life without the possibility of parole is a blatant violation of the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment."
Summary and Conclusion
Changes are needed in order to address the critical problem of overcrowding in U.S. Prisons and as well the fact that there are so many non-violent offenders housed with hardened and violent criminal individuals is as well a problem in the present structure of the prison system. Only legislation of this law into a modified workable solution will address all the relevant issues brought on by the "Three Strikes" law.
Ehlers, Scott, et al. (2004) Still Striking Out Ten Years of California's Three Strikes Law 2004 September:
According to this work written and published in 2004: " the ten-year anniversary of the signing of the AB 971 "Three Strikes and You're Out" law has arrived.
California's "Three Strikes" Law (2004) Philanthropy News Digest 2004 Mar 9 Justice Policy Institute Online at http://www.justicepolicy.org/article.php?id=423:
According to the Justice Policy Institute report the "Three Strikes" law has contributed to large increases in the state's prison population, inmates added resulted in approximately $8 billion for incarceration of these individuals and $4.7 billion represents the individuals who were non-violent offenders.
Dunphy, Jack (2003) National Review Online "Three Strikes and You're Still Out" National Review Online at; [www.nationalreview.com/dunphy/dunphy0306 03.asp:
In 2003 the Supreme Court ruled, "California's 'three strikes' law does not violate the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment." (Dunphy, 2004) at issue through the appeals process were the questions of whether or not the sentences imposed on Andrade and Ewing were disproportionate to the crimes for which they were convicted, and whether or not federal courts should have the authority to override a state's lawfully enacted statute governing the sentencing of recidivists.
Greenwood, Peter W. et al. (1994) Three Strikes and You're Out: Estimated Benefits and Costs of California's New mandatory-sentencing Law" Rand!994:
Documented analysis of the "benefits and costs of California's new "three-strikes" law mandating lengthier sentences for repeat offenders" and accompanying alternate sentencing laws are presented.
The Impact of the "Three Strikes and You're Out" Law on California's Justice System (1996) California: Legislative Analysts Office - Handouts Online at: www.lao.ca.gov.handouts/pre_1999/ho022096_2_strikes_impact.html]:
Three stated facts about "Three Strikes" after two years are stated to be that impacts have varied substantially among the counties; counties have responded in a number of ways to the impacts of the "Three Strikes"; Impacts on state prisons are starting to be felt and are likely to be very substantial; Magnitude of the impact on crime is unclear.
Kasindorf, Martin (2002) Three-Strikes Laws Fall out of Favor" USA Today Report. Online [available at www.usatoday.copm/news/nation/.2002/0228 / usat_three_strikes.htm]:
Stated in the report is that the laws, which were adopted, by Congress as well as 265 states during the 1990's were now shunned by prosecutors who opted instead for "less drastic habitual-offender laws or for charging recidivists with parole violations."
Hutchinson, Earl Ofari (2004) Needed Reform of the Three Strikes Law Faces - Los Angeles Business Journal 2004 Oct 4 Online available at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m5072/is_40_26/ai_n6256433:
The three strikes law in California is the only version of the law in any of the states where a third non-violent or non-serious offense is treated as a serious felony in the sentencing process. The new law called Proposition 66 will focus on the modification of the three strikes law to bring new meaning in that third offenses of non-serious crimes would not count as a third strike under the three strikes law.
King, Ryan S. And Mauer, Marc (2001) Aging Behind Bars: "Three Strike" Seven Years Later 2001 August the Sentencing Project www.sentencingpr oject.:
The Sentencing Project conducted an analysis, which found that "three strikes sentencing will contribute substantially to the aging of the prison system." (Ryan & Mauer, 2001) Between the years of 1994 and 1998 the average age of the third strike inmate was 36.1 years of age. In the first five years after the law was first enacted number of those above the age of…[continue]
"Three Strikes Law Criminal Justice" (2005, March 21) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/three-strikes-law-criminal-justice-63459
"Three Strikes Law Criminal Justice" 21 March 2005. Web.21 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/three-strikes-law-criminal-justice-63459>
"Three Strikes Law Criminal Justice", 21 March 2005, Accessed.21 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/three-strikes-law-criminal-justice-63459
Three Strikes Law There are numerous problems associated with the prison system in the state of California. More than a few of these problems are directly caused by the state's infamous Three Strikes legislation -- in which individuals who receive three felonies are sentenced to 25 years to a life term in prison. In codifying the problems related to the state's prison system as identified by the essay written by the
Three Strikes Law on the African-American Community Three Strikes legislation, which imposes sentencing enhancement on repeat offenders, often culminating with mandatory life sentences for third-time offenders, has gained popularity throughout the United States. The legislation began in California, where two highly publicized murders committed by convicted felons prompted an outcry against allowing recidivists to return to the community. California did see a decrease in crime rates following its institution of
Therefore, by increasing the costs of imprisonment by the three strikes law, it is intended that there will be less crime. Marwell and Moody express several difficulties with the laws in the 24 states: Criminals are not always aware of the laws, at least not initially; repeat criminals can be expected to serve substantial prison terms even in the absence of the laws; almost all of the states already
Three Strike Law: The Three Strikes Laws are policies in the criminal justice system that target repeat criminals and are enacted by many states. Following three distinct offense convictions or strikes, offenders are locked out of society by being sentenced to life imprisonment. The reason behind the Three Strike Law is that offenders who commit crimes repeatedly are likely to pose a serious threat to the society and should be
Stratified sampling will allow the research team to take these prejudices into account when examining the data so as to avoid any skewing resulting from prejudices. The potential population in this study is clearly defined. Although the effect of the three strike rule on the general public cannot be completely disregarded, it is more likely that the general public is more greatly affected by generalized criminal statutes to govern their
California Three-Strike Law In California, there is a serious attempt of controlling crime. Various laws have been enacted to control the criminals who are repeatedly being caught for serious crimes. Penal Code 1170.12 (Proposition 184) was one such law passed by the citizens in March 1994 to deal with the criminals. The Penal Code is popularly known as "Three Strikes and you are out." It all started when Mike Reynolds drafted
legislation, lawmakers need to focus on the public good, the possible repercussions of their actions, and most importantly, the "fairness" of their legislation. These three tenets seem to have been disregarded when California passed its 3-strikes law in 1994. The law has not only failed to serve the public good (both financially and in terms of crime), but it has created a dynamic within the criminal justice system that