Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
(Walton) "Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) and Ultra-Wide Bandwidth (UWB), new data transmission protocols, make online connections so much cheaper, faster and easier to use that it's possible to simultaneously cut costs and improve employee productivity by converting offices to wireless connectivity." (Johnston)
WiMAX proposes challenges to providers of DSL, as well as, cable-modem service as its design can accommodate varying ways to transmit data. One: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/ip-telephony.htm" Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) enables individuals to use a broadband Internet connection to "phone" long-distance and internationally. (Grabianowski and Brain) Some experts foresee a close race for fixed WiMax broadband services to win over other broadband technologies. Others who study this issue contend, however, as WiMAX can provide the bandwidth, identical to fiber alternatives, including, DSL, at a fair, marketable expense, it can convinces competitors' customers to switch to their fixed wireless version of services. Even though controversies exist as to whether WiMAX can compete with cable, DSL and 3G, criteria to be considered includes that a normal "hot zone," or "cell" may include an area of 1-6 miles. WiMAX, on the brighter side,.".. features a more bandwidth-efficient radio technology that can support data rates up to 100 Mbps in the same 20-MHz channel that 802.11a and g wireless LANs use to deliver 54 Mbps. Most importantly, the 802.16 access protocol is designed for carrier services and can scale to hundreds of simultaneous users." (Finneran) Finneran contends that DSL services, as well as cable, which have been providing services longer than WiMAX, are currently available to approximately 80% of individuals in the United States. Their technology reportedly focuses on the end user, while WiMAX's marketing focus will at first target equipment providers and carriers. In time, however, because WiMAX will not have to run cables, its costs could prove less expensive than fees currently charged for high and low speed Internet subscriptions. WiMAX could win against competitors as it could also potentially provide high-speed services in rural and suburban areas now serviced by the dial-up modem handshake with traditionally slow connections and time-dawdling downloads; areas considered too costly to wire by telephone and cable companies. Mathias, and Phifer believe: "There's little doubt that this WiMAX application will replace proprietary fixed wireless broadband over the next decade."
Just as dates projected for WiMAX to be able to provide full services differ and as reports regarding specifications of services are frequently diverse, experts also regularly disagree regarding WiMAX's future. Johnson, however, appears to state what many foresee for WiMAX:
we are betting on its success and see the global market for WiMAX exceeding $1 billion in five years."
If in its endeavors, WiMAX continues to find viable needs and fills them, WiMAX may just do what it's expected to do; perhaps even more, with faster than average speeds, in infinite locations.
Accelerating WiMAX System Design with FPGA's." Retrieved on May 22, 2006 at http://www.altera.com/literature/wp/wp_wimax.pdf.(2004).
Bielski, Lauren. "Breakout Systems and Applications Give Bankers New Options." ABA
Banking Journal 97.6 (2005): 61+.
Courtney, M. "A tale of two WiMax rollouts." Computing, May 2006. Retrieved May 27, 2006 at http://www.computing.co.uk/itweek/comment/2152774/tale-two-wimax-rollouts.
Finneran, Michael. "WiMax Hits the Road: The Next Major Wireless Standard Will Provide
Fixed Broadband and Mobile Access. Can It Compete with Cable, DSL and 3G?." Business Communications Review June 2004: 30+.
Grabianowski, Edward and Brain, Marshall. "How WiMAX Works." Retrieved on May 27, 2006 from: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/wimax.htm (2006).
Johnson, Emmy. "Assessing WiMAX Possibilities: Fixed Versions Are about to Deploy, While Mobile Specs Are Nearly Complete." Business Communications Review Sept. 2005: 53+.
Johnston, Randolph P. "A Tour of Tomorrow's Technology: Don't Let the Future Sneak Up on You." Journal of Accountancy 200.4 (2005): 95.
Kukec, Anna Marie. "WiMax Effort Has Motorola, Intel Working on Same Job." Daily Herald
Arlington Heights, IL) 14 Nov. 2005: 1.
Mathias, Craig J., and Lisa Phifer. "The Evolving Wireless Landscape: We're Closer Than Ever to Achieving True Wireless Broadband. Here's How We'll Get There." Business
Communications Review Apr. 2005: 18+.
Thelander, Michael, W. "Opportunities and Challenges in a Wireless World." July 2005: 4.
Retrieved on May 27, 2006 at http://www.cdg.org/resources/white_papers/files/WiMAX%20July%202005.pd
Walton, Marsha. " Is 'Wi-Fi on steroids' really the next big thing?" March 2006. CNN International.com. Retrieved on May 28, 2006 at http://edition.cnn.com/2005/TECH/10/17/wireless.wimax/index.html.
WiFi on Steroids." (2006) Wikipedia. Retrieved on May 23, 2006 at…[continue]
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150). Already, the major telecommunication companies are adopting WiMAX into their business plans. "U.S. operator Clearwire plans to launch 2.5GHz WiMAX services this year. The company's Xohm service aims to start operations in Baltimore in September, followed by Chicago and Washington, D.C., before year-end" (Lemon 2007, p1.). Computer giant Intel is adding WiMAX as an option to its Centrino 2 laptop chip platform in 2008 and making them available in those
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