Worlds of Criminal Justice and Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

"(Bonnie et al.)

For many the ability of a client to participate in pleading insanity is controversial. Many contend that this ability shows that the person is rational and should be punished accordingly. While others argue that, the ability of a person to know that they are insane does not make them sane. In either case, the insanity plea remains as a controversial subject.

Within the realm of psychology, the issue of insanity has always been a topic of interest. Psychologists have long asserted that there are various mental conditions that render individuals insane. These conditions include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and even certain forms of depression. Psychologists contend that these conditions can make an individual unable to rationalize.

A book entitled Court-Ordered Insanity: Interpretive Practice and Involuntary Commitment explains that many cases involve the hospitalization or commitment of the client. In these cases, the book explains that the client mental problems make it difficult for them to operate in a normal prison environment. In such cases, the criminal is placed in a facility so that they can get the proper treatment. (Holstein 1993)

The book also asserts that courts have preconceived notions about the mentally ill. The author explains that as court personnel impute mental illness, they implicitly structure their interpretations of patients' behavior more generally. That behavior, viewed as a product of mental illness, then serves to further document the presence of the illness itself. Thus, descriptions of patients as mentally ill and subsequent interpretations of their behavior stand in a fundamentally dialectical relation to one another. The underlying pattern -mental illness -- provides the basis for interpreting actions in a meaningful, distinctive way. The actions, so interpreted, in turn serve to document, substantiate, and sustain the underlying pattern." (Holstein 1993)

The journal Teaching Psychology asserts that there is also a distinction to be made between defendants that plead "not guilty by reason of insanity" and those that plead "guilty but mentally ill." (Fass 1999) the article asserts that the former indicates that the client is not guilty of the crime because they are insane. The latter describes an individual that acknowledges their guilty but believes that their behavior was exacerbated by an existing mental illness. (Fass 1999) These distinctions are important to make because they can carry very different sentences


The purpose of this discussion was to provide detailed information about the insanity plea and its purpose in the criminal justice system. We found that the insanity plea is often used when an individual does not have the ability to rationalize. We also found that it is a controversial subject within the realm of criminal justice.

We also investigated how the insanity plea relates to psychology. Our investigation suggests that the insanity plea can be used in case where clients have been deemed schizophrenic, bipolar or diagnosed with certain forms of depression. We concluded that the insanity plea is necessary in cases where people are not rational due to insanity. We also found that the insanity plea could be abused by those that do not want to take responsibility for their actions.


Bonnie, R.J., Poythress, N.G., Hoge, S.K., Monahan, J., & Eisenberg, M. (1996). Decision-Making in Criminal Defense: An Empirical Study of Insanity Pleas and the Impact of Doubted Client Competence. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 87(1), 48-62..

Ellias, R. (1995). Should Courts Instruct Juries as to the Consequences to a Defendant of a "Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity" Verdict?. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 85(4), 1062-1083.

Fass, M.E. (1999). A Forensic Psychology Exercise: Role Playing and the Insanity Defense. Teaching of Psychology, 26(3), 201-203.

Mackay, R.D. (1995). Mental Condition Defences in the Criminal Law. Oxford: Oxford University.

Manchester, J. (2003). Beyond Accommodation: Reconstructing the Insanity Defense to Provide an Adequate Remedy for Postpartum Psychotic Women. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 93(2-3), 713+.

Rye, J.A., Strong, D.D., & Rubba, P.A. (2001). Global Warming and Ozone Layer Depletion: STS Issues for Social Studies Classrooms. Social Education, 65(2), 90.[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Worlds Of Criminal Justice And" (2004, November 08) Retrieved October 22, 2016, from

"Worlds Of Criminal Justice And" 08 November 2004. Web.22 October. 2016. <>

"Worlds Of Criminal Justice And", 08 November 2004, Accessed.22 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Criminal Justice Changes Criminal Justice

    The future technologies will assure authentication along with evidence. Another advancement that will assist to recognize the criminal is the "Face Software" that will help to create the image of the suspected criminal and it will be a great help for the police department. DNA profiling and fingerprinting is also under process for the purpose of identification of the criminals. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is the fluid present inside the

  • Criminal Justice Drumming My Hands on the

    Criminal Justice Drumming my hands on the desk before me, I finally spoke. "You're right, you're absolutely right." My academic advisor patiently raised a single eyebrow. "What? You thought I would steer you wrong?" I didn't believe her when she called me; I definitely thought she would be joking. Yet as I gazed at the piece of paper, reading for the third time the letter addressed to me, I had to admit,

  • Criminal Justice Trends the Trends of the

    Criminal Justice Trends The trends of the past, present and future that outline the borders connecting the criminal justice system components and their links adjoining the society is, beyond doubt, an authentic relationship that the law and society have established. Criminal justice has been affected by various trends in the times gone by. This is because trends keep changing with the passage of time. Therefore, it is exceedingly important for the

  • Criminal Justice System Normally Refers to the

    Criminal justice system normally refers to the compilation of the prevailing federal; state accompanied by the local public agencies those pacts with the crime problem. These corresponding agencies procedure suspects, defendants accompanied by the convicted offenders and are normally mutually dependent insofar as the prevailing decisions of the single agency influence other supplementary agencies (Cole & Smith, 2009). The fundamental framework of the underlying system is normally granted through the

  • Criminal Justice System

    Criminal justice system is comprised of elaborate pieces of a huge puzzle. The age of "Order," CSI, and various other TV programs has actually all however removed the genuine components of the puzzle that bring about the arrest of the suspect. Prior to being employed, one is enlightened on how this works; he ought to be warned of the jobs that everyone plays and at exactly what phase they are

  • Criminal Justice it it Is Becoming Very

    Criminal Justice IT It is becoming very clear how much of an impact the newest technological advances have on the world. For example, consider how quickly the information spread via the social media about Osama bin Laden's death. Technology innovations are also greatly impacting the criminal justice system in the U.S. By providing significant improvements in the way that agencies find, process, share and utilize information. With the present speed of

  • Criminal Justice Administration Mainly Focuses on Crime

    Criminal justice administration mainly focuses on crime prevention and punishing any illegal activities. Criminal justice administration is wide and it entails law enforcement and the judicial administration. Some of the jobs that relate to criminal justice administration include; security coordination, juvenile delinquency administration, law enforcement and being a courtroom official. Additional crime is also part of criminal justice administration. This field entails terrorism prevention, immigration policies and social policies. Other

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved