9-11 Commission Term Paper

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9/11 Commission

9/11 brought considerable changes to the United States in terms of policy building and immigration laws. It was an even that should have never taken place. During the Clinton administration, U.S. Embassies were bombed by Al Qaeda to which President Clinton responded by cruise missile attacks and the CIA hired assassins to kill Bin Laden. Clinton also pressurized the Taliban to expel Bin Laden but it was of no use. In the year 2000 Clinton tried to get Bin Laden expelled again and efforts were made with the opponents of Taliban, the Northern Alliance to gather intelligence to kill Bin Laden. The CIA proposed the use of the unmanned reconnaissance aircraft to gain better intelligence data on Bin Laden. Towards the end of the year there was an attack on the U.S.S. Cole but there was no hardcore evidence that Bin Laden had given the order. The CIA labeled its findings as preliminary judgment and thus the Clinton administration could not initiate a military attack. CIA's lack of evidence hindered the process and the Clinton administration had to wait till more evidence appeared thus the actions which President Clinton were very limited and constrained to only diplomatic pressure.

Soon President Bush took control of the presidential office but the matter of USS Cole was still pending. He accepted that the attack on the U.S.S. Cole was ordered by Bin Laden and…

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9/11 brought considerable changes to the United States in terms of policy building and immigration laws. It was an even that should have never taken place. During the Clinton administration, U.S. Embassies were bombed by Al Qaeda to which President Clinton responded by cruise missile attacks and the CIA hired assassins to kill Bin Laden. Clinton also pressurized the Taliban to expel Bin Laden but it was of no use. In the year 2000 Clinton tried to get Bin Laden expelled again and efforts were made with the opponents of Taliban, the Northern Alliance to gather intelligence to kill Bin Laden. The CIA proposed the use of the unmanned reconnaissance aircraft to gain better intelligence data on Bin Laden. Towards the end of the year there was an attack on the U.S.S. Cole but there was no hardcore evidence that Bin Laden had given the order. The CIA labeled its findings as preliminary judgment and thus the Clinton administration could not initiate a military attack. CIA's lack of evidence hindered the process and the Clinton administration had to wait till more evidence appeared thus the actions which President Clinton were very limited and constrained to only diplomatic pressure.

Soon President Bush took control of the presidential office but the matter of USS Cole was still pending. He accepted that the attack on the U.S.S. Cole was ordered by Bin Laden and the Bush administration, not wanting to wage military action, started to devise a plan to eliminate Al Qaeda in about three to five years. He was briefed that Al Qaeda is planning more attacks but the report stated that the attacks were to be carried out overseas and not on American soil. As a result security measures were being taken overseas rather than within the United States. Diplomatic steps were being taken and pressure was to be put on the Taliban and on Pakistan to expel Bin Laden from Afghanistan. Moreover information about the use of unmanned reconnaissance aircraft was conveyed and measures were being taken to arm it with a missile so as to kill Bin Laden. Approval from Bush was required and he was to sign the approval on September 11, 2001, the day when the tragedy occurred and millions died.

Lack of intelligence on Bin Laden's location and whereabouts delayed actions that could be taken by the two administrations. Clinton also faced the problem of not enough evidence regarding the U.S.S. Cole otherwise he would have utilized other measures. Bush was planning to eradicate Bin Laden and as the threat was regarding attacks to occur overseas; his plans did not include any direct military action on Bin Laden or the Taliban who had given him shelter. These factors limited the decisions and action that the two administrations took.

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