Academic World, for Example, Certain Term Paper

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Another problematic paradigm in qualitative study is standards. The standards to which a study is held are often applied only after the completion of the project, when it is too late to make changes to decisions and problems experienced in the field. Reviewers are disconnected from the research process, and can therefore not truly assess the quality of the process used to arrive at the conclusions of the study. Hence the standards may be set at a level that is too high or too low to truly indicate the value of the study for the academic world (Morse et al.).

To remedy this, Morse et al. suggest the process of verification. This is a process by which each step of the research process is investigated for its quality and rigor before being built into the final product. Hence any mistakes relating to the process can be eliminated before it is an inextricable part of the research process, on which all other parts are also built. While the research is ongoing, therefore, the process of verification is used to test the reliability of each step. This can be done in a number of ways, including contextualization and peer review.

In conclusion, Human Relations is a qualitative field, which makes it difficult to determine reliability and validity in very specific terms. Nevertheless, qualitative study is a worthy direction of academic study, as it describes the nature of humanity in their relationships to each other. The qualitative researcher therefore needs to inherently have the creative ability to describe the study of humanity in such a way that satisfies both the requirements of the study itself, as well as the requirements of validity and reliability in the academic world. This should be done in such a way that the rigor of the study is demonstrated, even while subjectivity is an inherent part of the process.

Sources

Cano, Virginia. Reliability & Validity in Qualitative Research. http://www.qmuc.ac.uk/psych/Rtrek/study_notes/web/sn5.htm

Colosi, Laura. (1997). Reliability and Validity: What's the Difference? http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/tutorial/Colosi/lcolosi2.htm

Golafshani, Nahid. (2003, Dec 4). Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report, Vol 8, No. 4. www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR8-4/golafshani.pdf

Morse, Janice M., Barrett, Michael, Mayan, Maria, Olson Karin & Spiers, Jude. (2002, Spring).

Verification Strategies for Establishing Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research. International Journal for Qualitative Methods, 1(2). www.ualberta.ca/~iiqm/backissues/1_2Final/pdf/morseetal.pdf

Neill, James. (2006, Jul 5). Analysis of Professional Literature: Qualitative Research. http://wilderdom.com/OEcourses/PROFLIT/Class6Qualitative1.htm

Tomofumi Oka, and Shaw, Ian. (2002, Spet 21). Qualitative Research in Social Work. http://pweb.sophia.ac.jp/~t-oka/papers/2000/qrsw/qrsw.html

Trochim, William K. (2006). Qualitative Validity. Research methods. http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/qualval.php

Sources Used in Document:

Sources

Cano, Virginia. Reliability & Validity in Qualitative Research. http://www.qmuc.ac.uk/psych/Rtrek/study_notes/web/sn5.htm

Colosi, Laura. (1997). Reliability and Validity: What's the Difference? http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/tutorial/Colosi/lcolosi2.htm

Golafshani, Nahid. (2003, Dec 4). Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report, Vol 8, No. 4. www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR8-4/golafshani.pdf

Morse, Janice M., Barrett, Michael, Mayan, Maria, Olson Karin & Spiers, Jude. (2002, Spring).

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