Dvorak occasionally said he simply wished to convey the elemental feelings ordinary people for their native art and resented his musical project being used to serve politics: "But what have we two to do with politics? Let us be glad that we are privileged to serve our beautiful art alone" (Hollander 317).
Dvorak vacillated between the importance of politics in the context of art. At the time of the composition of Symphony No.5 in F Major, Op.76. "the composer was faced at that time with the tempting prospect of writing German operas for Dresden and Vienna -- offers that caused him serious misgivings, because if he responded he feared he would be betraying the Czech national cause" (Clapham 1961, p.105). But eventually he returned to the nationalist source of his original inspiration: "The main theme of the symphony was inspired by witnessing the arrival in Prague of an express train from Budapest" (Clapham 1961, p.107).
While it might be argued that Dvorak was presenting his somewhat sentimentalized version of the common people in his compositions, it should be stressed that at very least he believed that he was presenting an 'authentic' portrait of Czech ordinary life, that would still be recognizable to the people who produced the tunes. He composed for popular enjoyment as well as to educate his listeners about their heritage. Dvorak also said that he was looking for inspiration everywhere: "An American reporter once told me that the most valuable talent a journalist could possess was a 'nose for news'. Just so the musician must prick his ear for music. Nothing must be too low or too insignificant for the musician" said Dvorak (Clapham 1966, p.863).
However, the inspiration for Symphony No. 5, some say, was even more prosaic: "Symphony No. 5 owes its genesis to a fortuitous series of events in the composer's life. At age 32, his lady friend informed him that she was pregnant, and the two were hastily married; having poor financial prospects, Dvorak did what any penniless composer of today would do: he applied for a grant" (All Music Guide, 2009). The monetary rationale behind the Symphony is substantiated by its out-of-order numbering scheme, which was...
5 "opens in a leisurely manner with an arpeggiated theme for two clarinets; this opening idea returns to dominate the development section, and the movement closes with a peaceful coda." Although the Symphony opened gently in the performance I attended, this leisurely quality was still able to hold the attention of the audience. The second movement, the "Andante con moto" was the most haunting section of the piece, followed by the most dance-like Scherzo which has been described as "a vivacious, colorfully scored movement full of delightfully unexpected contrasts" (All Music Guide, 2009). All three works were very linear and straightforward, whether slow or fast. The only strikingly discordant section was that of the Finale, which I later discovered deliberately used a minor key to create a contrast when the ending shifted to tonic key of F major. "Reminiscences of the opening theme of the first movement conclude the Finale, which is not only the finest movement of the work, but one of Dvorak's most outstanding symphonic movements" (All Music Guide, 2009). Even when using atonality, Dvorak was always concerned in creating a 'satisfying' end for his audience, a gesture that is again consistent in his resistance to the division between common, popular music and high art.
Clapham, John. "Dvorak and the American Indian." The Musical Times, 107. 1484 (Oct., 1966),
863-867. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/953317 Accessed: November 28, 2009
Clapham, John. "Dvorak's Symphony: The Creative Process." Music & Letters, 42. 2
(Apr., 1961), 103-116. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/731518
Accessed: November 28, 2009
Hollander, H. "Dvorak the Czech." Music & Letters, 22. 4 (Oct., 1941), 313-317. Stable URL:
http://www.jstor.org/stable/727708 Accessed: November 28, 2009
Sandow, G. "Classical vs. Popular." Art Journal. October 11, 2006. Accessed:
November 28, 2009
Symphony No. 5. All…
He has a name; he is the Capitalism of private property and the Capitalism of the state" (Sigmund 85). The social, economic, and political undertones of Liberation Theology are not hard to see. While representing themselves as activists, their goal places primacy on the economic rather than the spiritual. Nonetheless, Liberation Theologians have established "ecclesial base communities," which have been growing since the 1970s: "These are 'small, grassroots, lay groups
Certainly, the best counseling is proactive and for one to really keep up with a situation is to stay ahead and to be able to anticipate how events will develop as the pastor gains more experience. As the book title implies however, even the best training can not always prepare the pastor for every possible emergency situation. For instance, terrorism and disaster types of situations have evolved since the
The author makes it quite clear what he thinks the church should accomplish in the lives of its members and in the community. He writes, "Churches should be supportive, extended family for everyone who wishes this, including those who live alone and those who are married or live in other committed relationships" (Clinebell 277). It is refreshing that he includes everyone, regardless of their marital arrangements, which shows he is
Paul, believed that all things material were acceptable as long as they were given proper thanks for. This really puts the idea of dualism in the marriage status and of the superiority of any of the two approaches on a very clear perspective: marriage, including for the clergy, has been regarded as something sacred in the Scriptures and, as a consequence, there is nothing more superior about leading a
Pastoral Counseling A career as a pastoral counselor is fraught with several challenges but they are all offset by the many rewards. The primary challenge will be combining Christian ethics with modern psychology and therapy. I would like to specialize in pastoral counseling which focuses on youth who are wards of the state and have grown up in either foster homes or other group homes. Working with young people from troubled
Pastoral Counseling Guidance for Those Who Wish to Guide For individuals who wish to use online educational pastoral opportunities to gain skills and expertise so that they can go on to serve the counseling needs of undergraduate students face a number of challenges. This does not mean that this is not a valid and appropriate method of learning, merely that those engaged in any form of distance learning that leads to accreditation