Applications Affecting The Success And Term Paper

Length: 5 pages Sources: 6 Subject: Teaching Type: Term Paper Paper: #83557487 Related Topics: College Application, Exceptional Children, Bilingual Education, Neuman Model
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Amato & Baca (1989) note that throughout history bilingual education has shifted multiple times, from "nonbiased native-language assessments" to specific services directly related to a student's special needs and bilingual ability (168). Many consider the field of bilingual special education one that is emerging and growing. Baca & Cervantes (1989) note a need for a bilingual special education "interface" exists that incorporates training for special education students and teachers (168). Amato & Baca (1989) observe that certain teacher competencies are clearly necessary for bilingual special education teachers, competencies that must be more clearly defined. Neuman & Roskos (1997) and other researchers including Gonzalez-Bueno (2003) suggest promoting literacy among bilingual special education students should be a primary concern for educators. They suggest use of a bilingual alphabet will help facilitate this process.

Jackson-Maldonado (1999) suggests that multiple factors may impact bilingual special education student's ability to excel including student's socio-economic status and exposure to second language early on in their education (35).

Jackson-Maldonado (1999) also note that many of the assessment instruments used previously for Spanish-speaking children are based primarily on a population consisting of "English speaking, middle class children" whose exposure to resources and social groups or peers is often higher than that of bilingual special education students. There is ample evidence suggesting a greater need exists for evaluating the implications of testing modalities specifically designed for bilingual children (Jackson-Maldonado, 1999). The more information that researchers gather about bilingual children in varying settings and contexts the more likely researchers will be to appropriately identify the unique needs and challenges this population faces. The more information researchers begin to gather about the development of bilingual children in various contexts, the better capable researchers will be to "reinforce theoretical issues of language and cognition" to successfully assess children in a culturally specific manner (Jackson-Maldonado, 1999, p. 35).


The methods employed to direct this study will include observational analysis and study of special education teacher training programs combined with surveys of student outcomes. These surveys will come from a population of two separate educational entities with bilingual special education programs in place.

Theoretical Framework & Data Collection

Five bilingual tests have been carefully examined for their usefulness and efficacy in assessing bilingual education children. These according to Jackson-Maldonado (1999) include the BINL or Basic Inventory of Natural Language presented by Herbert in...


Norms to be used for comparison in this study will include those provided by the IDHC, a publication presenting answers to common problems faced in bilingual educational settings (Jackson-Maldonado, 1999).

Data collection will come in the form of reports from parents, bilingual student's language samples and careful review of bilingual students' achievements as they participate in various educational programs.

The researcher will ask the question as to whether interaction with children and observation of children result in similar outcomes and data collection, as compared with experimental measures, which may include observation of teachers using specific tools including infusion programs to assess whether they result in similar data (Jackson-Maldonado, 1999).

Data collection will be gathered from educational facilities and parental reports generated electronically and delivered to parents by special education teachers with a complete explanation of the purpose of the study and expected outcomes. Data to be collected will include information on participant's socio-economic status and accesses to primary or second-language contacts are readily available for students in need.


Amato, C. & Baca, L. 1989. Bilingual Special Education: Training Issues. Exceptional Children, 56.2, 168.

Correa, V.I., Figueroa, R.A. & Fradd, S.H. 1989. Bilingual special education and this special issue. Exceptional Children, 56.2, 174+

Gonzalez-Bueno. 2003. Literacy activities for Spanish-English bilingual children. The Reading Teacher,…

Sources Used in Documents:


Amato, C. & Baca, L. 1989. Bilingual Special Education: Training Issues. Exceptional Children, 56.2, 168.

Correa, V.I., Figueroa, R.A. & Fradd, S.H. 1989. Bilingual special education and this special issue. Exceptional Children, 56.2, 174+

Gonzalez-Bueno. 2003. Literacy activities for Spanish-English bilingual children. The Reading Teacher, 57(2); 180

Jackson-Maldonado. 1999. Early language assessment for Spanish-speaking children.

Cite this Document:

"Applications Affecting The Success And" (2007, May 04) Retrieved October 16, 2021, from

"Applications Affecting The Success And" 04 May 2007. Web.16 October. 2021. <>

"Applications Affecting The Success And", 04 May 2007, Accessed.16 October. 2021,

Related Documents
Application Goal Statement for Masters in Clinical Research Administration...
Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Medicine Paper #: 16490865

At ____, I served for a year as Editor in Chief for the North American Students Association (NASA), two years as NASA Vice-President for the UAG Student Body, and three years as class president. I was also elected by university officials to represent the UAG at the National AMSA Conventions in Washington DC, and Chicago, IL. I was fortunate enough to receive medical accreditation at the federal level and to

Understanding the Factors Affecting the Success of Credit Risk in...
Words: 3237 Length: 11 Pages Topic: Finance Paper #: 41178734

Introduction The banking business sector is enormously impacted by the perceptive and imperceptive factors in an intensely competitive environment. In recent times, this competition has stiffened all the more with the advancement of globalization. In each regard of their business operations, banks ought to take effective measures in order to diminish risk by pinpointing the prospective causes based on real-world circumstances. Imperatively, the banking sector is deemed to be a significant the Determinants of Success
Words: 5385 Length: 11 Pages Topic: Engineering Paper #: 34149910

Return to Table of Contents or go to next section of interim report. Date created: August 29, 2006 Last updated: September 11, 2006 NISTIR 7323 - the Determinants of Success in R&D Alliances Part 2 - Theoretical Perspectives on R&D Alliance Success The theoretical perspectives underpinning hypotheses tested in this study are derived from both our review of prior literature on R&D alliance success, and from our exploratory interviews with participants in R&D alliances that

Application Project Case Study
Words: 2289 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Healthcare Paper #: 97111304

Nursing As technology becomes more sophisticated the effects of new technologies affect all aspects of our lives. Technological advances affect many different occupations as well, especially the field of health care. As a result the advancements in technology have impacted the field of nursing as well. For instance, advances in technology affecting the nursing affects almost every aspect of the field including daily routine tasks such as charting. The use

Success Strategy Employed by Southwest Airlines
Words: 3353 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Transportation Paper #: 62359590

Southwest Airlines began as an ambitious company by offering flights from Love Field Airport Dallas to Houston and San Antonio. It began modestly with just three planes and three Texan destinations and currently owns hundreds of planes and flies millions of people to many cities. Even though Southwest was operating in a sector of the economy that was known at that time for its bankruptcies and huge financial losses, the

Application of Financial Statement
Words: 983 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 69252774

Financial Statement The four financial statements are the balance sheet, income statement, statement of cash flow, and statement of owner's equity. Briefly, the balance sheet is comparison of assets to liabilities and equity. This statement is indicative of a company's position at a specific time. The income statement is a record of a company's operations over a given period of time. It shows a company's expenses, losses and revenues and