Brazil's Old, Or First, Republic Essay

This "new" middle-class was frustrated with its lack of participation or even access to Brazil's politics. They began a movement and demanded a place in the nation's government. Organized unions and strikes by various groups and dissidents encountered intense repression from the government. Propping up Brazil's Inequalities

There existed a "two-faced" political system in Brazil that took shape at the beginning of the twentieth century -- a "Jekyll and Hyde" government. First, there existed, supposedly, the official system of the constitutional United States of Brazil; then there was the actual system of unwritten agreements among local bosses, or, as they were referred to -- the colonels. Coronelismo it was called, and it stood up for autonomy of the individual states. By another name it was labeled the "politics of the governors." Under it, the local "patron-client networks" chose the state governors, who in turn selected the president.

The wealthier and more populated states exploited the system and exchanged the federal presidency between them for decades. The system fused the state authority groups around the rich, elite families that had been original members of the monarchy.

These oligarchies controlled the economy, the government,...

...

Records show that, during the 1920's, only 2% - 4% of the population of the country could vote.
Popular Response?

It must first be remembered that the Brazilian republic was not born of popular uprising against a suppressive "foreign" government as was the United States. As a matter of fact, the regime formed in the 1890's could not risk immediate popular elections. It was birthed of military force and maintained itself by military force. This new federal republic was, at best, unstable.

Secondly, the control of the state-level government was completely in the hands of the oligarchies, or "patron-client networks." These groups, controlled mostly by the coffee-growers, made agreements among and between themselves and, as mentioned, controlled who was elected president of the country.

But, let's not forget that it was the working class, combined with disillusion in the junior ranks of the military that swept GetulioVargas to power in 1930. Both groups, disgusted with government corruption in support of coffee growers during the Great Depression, rebelled.

Once in power, Vargas, popular, charming, and ruthless, based his power in the new urbanized working class that had helped bring him to power.

Sources Used in Documents:

Secondly, the control of the state-level government was completely in the hands of the oligarchies, or "patron-client networks." These groups, controlled mostly by the coffee-growers, made agreements among and between themselves and, as mentioned, controlled who was elected president of the country.

But, let's not forget that it was the working class, combined with disillusion in the junior ranks of the military that swept GetulioVargas to power in 1930. Both groups, disgusted with government corruption in support of coffee growers during the Great Depression, rebelled.

Once in power, Vargas, popular, charming, and ruthless, based his power in the new urbanized working class that had helped bring him to power.


Cite this Document:

"Brazil's Old Or First Republic" (2009, April 30) Retrieved April 23, 2024, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/brazil-old-or-first-republic-22318

"Brazil's Old Or First Republic" 30 April 2009. Web.23 April. 2024. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/brazil-old-or-first-republic-22318>

"Brazil's Old Or First Republic", 30 April 2009, Accessed.23 April. 2024,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/brazil-old-or-first-republic-22318

Related Documents

Yet another paradox in the legacy of Vargas became manifest -- while before Nazi Germany had maintained a close connection with Brazil, helping to modernize the army and Brazil's industry, Vargas used his new, singular authority to turn to the United States for support. Brazil became an important supplier of raw materials to the U.S. during World War II, in exchange for American investments in Brazil's infrastructure. The U.S. helped

Brazil
PAGES 15 WORDS 4442

Brazil Early History and Discover Current artifacts, including cave paintings, suggest that human beings inhabited Brazil more than 300,000 years ago. European explorers found only a small indigenous population when they arrived in the land, but archaeological records indicate that there were large settlements in other areas, which could have been substantially reduced by smallpox and other diseases brought in by the European explorers. These early indigenous inhabitants were classified into a sedentary

Police Reform in Post-Authoritarian Brazil A majority of new democracies entail an unbelievable illogicality of an immensely feeble citizenship coalesced with a stern description of the constitutional guarantees. In order to explicate this disparity it would be prudent to contemplate the significance of political institutions regarding representation of citizen, which were prevalent subsequent to the military establishments attributed as troublesome and a majority of the new restrictions. A few defined in

Western Civilization The old Persian road ran from Sardis to Susa. What was the approximate distance from Sardis to Susa? In Miles? It was approximately 1,500 miles from Sardis to Susa. In what 20th century countries did the Greeks have the most colonies? The Greeks possessed the largest number of colonies in the modern countries of Italy and Spain, with some in France and North Africa. In what 20th century countries were the following cities

Countries Spain Has a Long
PAGES 6 WORDS 1866

Traditionally, Italians are very proud of their cooking, and eat their main meal at midday. These meals generally included pasta with either meat or fish. This is often preceded by an appetizer known as antipasto, which would include cold meats and vegetables. Like Spain, Italian food also differs by region. The north for example features flat, ribbon-shaped pasta, while southern citizens favor macaroni with tomato sauces. Recreation and religion are both

Mbuti tribe will Analyze and evaluate the impact that the primary mode of subsistence of the Mbuti tribe culture and thus will describe the following aspects of their culture as well. This paper will delve into things such as their beliefs system and their values; their kinship with each other and their neighbors as well. The tribe which will be discussed in this paper lives in a small rain forest