Brief History Review of World War Two Term Paper

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History of World War II: American Involvement and Social Effects of the War on America

Many people think that the United States' involvement in World War II did not actually begin until Japan infamously attacked the American navy base at Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941. However, in truth, even before the Pearl Harbor attack by the Japanese, the American President, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) and other U.S. military, industrial, and economic leaders had taken initial steps to mobilize the nation into a wartime economy. In terms of both mobilization at home and social effects of the war, the onset of World War II contributed greatly to changes, many of them permanent, in American society and the American way of life.

In the build-up to the war, American factories were offered economic rewards by the government for adopting wartime production modes and practices. Consequently, United States industry focused increasingly on military-style production. For example, factories like Ford Motor Company, once dedicated solely to automobile production, also begin large-scale manufacturing of tanks and various other combat tools and weapons.

The United States government also correctly anticipated that millions of able-bodied American men (and women) would soon be needed for battle overseas. Toward that end, the passage of the 1940 Selective Service and Training Act paved the way for myriad American draftees to be trained for battle, and then shipped off to war.

In terms of social effects, the onset of World War II changed many aspects of American life, often permanently. For example, although African-Americans had always fought in wars, from the Revolutionary War on, World War II was the first war in which African-Americans were fully integrated into all branches of the U.S. Armed Services. Women also served in the American Armed forces during World War II, although in auxiliary forces rather than in active combat. However, the biggest change for women during this time was that now, with so many men off fighting in the war, great numbers of women were now needed to replace them in factories…

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