Cancer Screening Programs Term Paper

Length: 5 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Healthcare Type: Term Paper Paper: #45816888 Related Topics: Cancer, Mammography, Colon Cancer, Prostate Cancer
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Promoting Positive Health Behaviors

Evaluating the Every Woman Matters program and other cancer screening programs

Cancer rates continue to escalate in the U.S.: cancers of the breast, cervical, prostate, and colon are on the rise and despite improvements in screening and treatment, early detection efforts must be improved to reduce healthcare costs as well as to promote healthier lifestyles. Particularly amongst the very poor, screening for cancers is problematic. Often there is a lack of education and access to venues for screening and the poor do not have the financial resources to take time off from work to see physicians for non-emergency care. With these factors in mind, a number of pilot programs have been instituted to expand access to cancer screening for high-risk populations.

Every Woman Matters (EWM)

The Every Woman Matters program was designed to improve the health of low-income woman through increasing access to breast and cervical cancer screening, both of which have been linked to significantly improving positive health outcomes for women. "Eligible women receive a clinical breast examination, mammography, and Papanicolaou smear test at reduced or no cost" (Backer et al. 2005: 401). A qualitative study by Backer (et al. 2005) conducted studies of seven different practice settings offering such services as part of the EWM. All practices that were part of the study set different health-related goals. However, due to a failure of administrative support and physician follow-through, a minority of the participating practices realized their objectives. Overall, the EWM program was determined to be a failure.

According to the results, in Practice 1, "the staff displayed an ability to work as a cooperative team toward goals that they saw as benefiting both themselves and the practice. This was due in large part to the office manager who led the effort, despite a lack of physician leadership" (Backer et al. 20005: 403). But in Practice 2, the physician's staff did not share his enthusiasm for primary care. There was tension between the hospital that owned the practice and clinic staff regarding

...

In Practice 3, administrative problems stymied care delivery because the nurse manager was overwhelmed. Her responsibilities exceeded her capabilities "and her managerial and leadership skills were underdeveloped" (Backer et al. 2005: 404). This practice also failed to meet its goals.

Interestingly enough, in Practice 4: "The practicing physician's behavior changed very little and he was minimally involved with the change plan. The support staff (primarily the clinic manager) embraced the plan for change with enthusiasm and efficiency, from its development to final implementation" and the practice was successful in meeting its goals (Backer et al. 2005: 405). The lack of physician involvement was less significant than the staff's commitment. However, Practice 5's example showed how a physician's poor leadership could actually inhibit the achievement of meaningful goals. In this instance, the physician's chronic tardiness when seeing patients resulted in a backlog: combined with poor leadership, this became a prescription for disaster. The physician was enthusiastic but disorganized and preventative care was not clearly articulated as a priority (Backer 2005: 405). Practice 6, in contrast, was stymied by the unproductive relationship between the nurse manager and the physician. Once again a failure of leadership and miscommunication resulted in improper care delivery. In Practice 7, although progress had been made in reaching goals, "the office manager and staff passively resisted any efforts to include them in the change plan. The lead physician, although unwilling to drop out of the project, did little to encourage or facilitate staff participation" (Backer 2005: 406).

Although the practices had somewhat different goals and levels of success, certain unifying themes were evident between all seven. Those which were most successful had a 'champion' or a single figure who was instrumental in promoting the success of the venture. Unsuccessful practices, in contrast, had little leadership or leadership dominated by persons who were resistant to change. There had to be a strong sense of vision and mission to create teamwork. Overall, the support staff was more critical than physicians in terms of acting as architects of change (Backer 2005: 406). Newer and less focused practices changed to a greater extent than did those…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Backer, E. (et al. 20005). Improving female preventive health care delivery through practice change: An every woman matters study Journal of American Board Family Practice,

18:401 -- 8.

Black corals: A gem of a cancer screening program in South Carolina. (2012). The Community

Guide. Retrieved from: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/CG-in-Action/CancerScreening-SC.pdf


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