Child Abuse: Child Abuse Reporting Describe Some Essay

Length: 8 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Children Type: Essay Paper: #42807381 Related Topics: Child Observation, Child Abuse, Spanking, Divorce And Children
Excerpt from Essay :

Child Abuse: Child Abuse Reporting

Describe some questions or observations you might make to determine if a child abuse report is in order

The California Child Abuse Reporting Law imposes upon mandated reporters a duty to make immediate reports to the relevant agencies in case they suspect or are aware of a neglectful or abusive situation involving a child in their care or one that they interact with in the course of their work (McCulloch, 2012). In their report, the reporter is required to provide as much information as they possibly can about the affected child's situation including the extent and nature of their injuries, conditions in the child's home environment, their age, name, addresses, as well as the addresses and names of the person(s) responsible for the child (McCulloch, 2012). In the State of California, such a report must be filed at the sheriff's department, any police department, the county welfare department, or any probation department designated by the county to receive such reports (McCulloch, 2012).

There are a number of red flags/observations that a reporter could look out for if they suspect a case of child abuse and think that a child abuse report could be in order. First, if the child's home environment is within reach, they could look out for environmental indicators of abuse or neglect such as extreme filth or dirt; toxins, medications or dangerous weapons placed within the reach of children; hazardous conditions such as animal waste, faulty electrical features and broken windows; and choking hazards left within children's reach (McCulloch, 2012). These are obvious signs of neglect by the child's parent or caretaker, placing the child at a high risk of physical injury.

In addition to environmental indicators, the reporter could observe the parent's or caregiver's behavior or attitude towards the child. This would be the first step towards knowing whether the child's caretaker is the same person responsible for the abuse (McCulloch, 2012). Signs to look out for in this case would include an apparent lack of understanding for the child and what they are capable (or not capable) of doing at their age. The reporter could assess the caretaker's expectations of the child to determine whether or not they are realistic. Alternatively, they could take note of their attitude(s) towards childrearing, or the manner in which they refer to the child in public (McCulloch, 2012). Unrealistic expectations of a child, rigid attitudes about childrearing, constant belittling of a child (for instance constantly referring to them as 'beyond control', 'evil' or 'bad') could be red flags that the child is being abused by the very person to whom their care is entrusted; and the reporter is obliged to report the same to the relevant authorities as soon as possible (McCulloch, 2012).

Valuable information such as that touching on the punishment techniques used by the caretaker may be difficult to obtain through observation. In such a case, the reporter could establish a personal relationship with the affected child and then obtain the same through questioning and interviewing them (McCulloch, 2012). Extreme punishment techniques such as the use of whips or belts, withholding meals, and locking a child for prolonged periods in the closet are sufficient indicators that the child is being abused by their caretaker (McCulloch, 2012). In this case, physical indicators such as bruises and injuries on the child's body would also serve as positive indicators of abuse.

The kind of relationship that exists between the affected child and their parents could also help in establishing the risk of abuse (McCulloch, 2012). Coercive or limited child-parent interactions and instability issues such as divorce, separation or domestic abuse are all risk factors for child abuse (McCulloch, 2012).

Finally, the reporter could observe the child for physical and behavioral indicators of abuse (McCulloch, 2012). These indicators vary with the different forms of abuse and are, therefore, an efficient way of determining the specific kind of abuse to which a child has, or is being subjected.

For physical abuse, for instance, key physical indicators would include burns and scalds; unexplained bruises and broken bones; bruises with distinctive outlines or patterns; and injuries to the genitalia, face, ears, back, or buttocks (McCulloch, 2012). The likely behavioral indicators in this case would include fear of going home, fear of parents or caretakers, withdrawn behavior, wariness...

...

Behavioral red flags, on the other hand, could include sexualized behavior, extreme defiance or compliance, changes in sleeping, eating or toileting patterns (for instance fecal soiling or bedwetting), and withdrawn behavior (McCulloch, 2012).

For the case of neglect, the signs are more obvious -- physical indicators would include malnourishment, developmental delays, unattended dental or medical conditions, poor hygiene, and inappropriate dressing for the weather (McCulloch, 2012). Behavioral red flags, on the other hand, could include delinquent behavior and social maladjustment, low self-esteem, suicidal attempts, self-mutilation, depression, and anxiety (McCulloch, 2012).

These are all possible indicators of child abuse, and since the reporter's role is to report and not to investigate, they are required to file their reports once they make any observations that present a reasonable suspicion.

Question 1b: If you are unsure about whether or not to report, whom might you consult to help you decide?

At times, a mandated reporter may have a reasonable suspicion of abuse, but may be unsure about whether what they have heard or seen really qualifies as abuse based on the state's definition of the same. One of the greatest sources of the dilemma is the effect of culture. Culture is influenced by a variety of factors including language, nationality, religion, age, gender, race, and so on. In turn, culture influences people's ideas and attitudes about what constitutes child abuse. This may become evident in the different attitudes and perspectives that people hold about childrearing (McCulloch, 2012). Some families, for instance, may have a rather relaxed attitude towards nudity, family sleeping, and children upbringing, and a reporter may mistake this for child abuse. Other families may consider corporal punishment and spanking an acceptable way of disciplining children, yet a conservative reporter could mistake this for abuse. Rather than use their own pre-existing beliefs to judge others, a reporter could consult with other people who share the same culture, or with the child protective agency closest to them to determine whether their observations indeed qualify as child abuse (McCulloch, 2012).

They could also consult other mandated reporters within their reach to obtain different perspectives on whether what they have observed warrants reporting. Other mandatory reporters, preferably those who have served in the role of reporter for a considerably long period, could provide crucial insight based on whether they would report the same if they were in the reporter's situation. These reporters, according to the California Penal Code (PC) Section 11165.7, could include clergy members, any custodian of clergy records, educators (including teachers and teachers' aides) and law enforcement officers (including employees in welfare, probation, sheriff's and police departments) (McCulloch, 2012). The idea is that these may have handled similar cases in the past, and may even have vital information on the affected family's history in relation to child abuse.

A reporter may at times be unsure about whether a child's physical indicators of abuse are a cause for alarm (McCulloch, 2012). Young children spend most of their time playing, and accidental injuries in the form of bruises, grazes or burns may be almost inevitable. Medical professionals could be consulted in such cases to help the reporter decide whether the physical injuries present on a child's body are as a result of abuse (McCulloch, 2012). A practitioner will often conduct an examination to determine whether the injuries present follow a distinctive pattern or outline. Bruises, for instance, that have a clear outline of a hand, cord, or belt with no identifiable and obvious pattern are less likely to have resulted from accidental play (Corby, Shemmings & Wilkins, 2012). Moreover, injuries in areas such as the genitalia, the buttocks, the cheeks, the abdomen and the ears, which are not commonly bruised accidentally, could be indicators of abuse (Corby, Shemmings & Wilkins, 2012). Additionally, whereas skull fractures qualify as common accidental injuries, serious fractures such as those to the metaphyseal features and the ribs are more likely to have been inflicted (Corby, Shemmings & Wilkins, 2012). A medical practitioner would help a reporter understand this and decide on whether their observations warrant reporting.

Mental health professionals could also provide crucial insight, particularly in regard to whether a child's behavioral patterns ought to be taken as a cause for alarm. They could provide information on whether a child is suffering from abuse-related depression, or whether they just have an introverted personality. Further, they could provide insight on whether…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2013). Making and Screening Reports of Child Abuse and Neglect. The Child Welfare Information Gateway. Retrieved 20 June, 2015 from https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/repproc.pdf

Corby, B., Shemmings, D. & Wilkins, D. (2012). Child Abuse: An Evidence Base for Confident Practice. (4th ed.). Berkshire, UK: McGraw Hill

DCFS. (2015). Resources for Parents. The Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services. Retrieved June 22, 2015 from http://lacdcfs.org/forparents/index.html

McCulloch, L. (2012). The California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Law: Issues and Answers for Mandated Reporters. Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego. Retrieved June 21, 2015 from http://mandatedreporterca.com/images/pub132.pdf
http://www.childsworld.ca.gov/res/pdf/CPSEmergNumbers.pdf


Cite this Document:

"Child Abuse Child Abuse Reporting Describe Some" (2015, June 25) Retrieved January 16, 2022, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/child-abuse-child-abuse-reporting-describe-2151464

"Child Abuse Child Abuse Reporting Describe Some" 25 June 2015. Web.16 January. 2022. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/child-abuse-child-abuse-reporting-describe-2151464>

"Child Abuse Child Abuse Reporting Describe Some", 25 June 2015, Accessed.16 January. 2022,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/child-abuse-child-abuse-reporting-describe-2151464

Related Documents
Child Abuse: Child Abuse Reporting Who Are
Words: 2711 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 26430161

Child Abuse: Child Abuse Reporting Who are some of the individuals who are mandated to report suspected child abuse? What are some of the conditions under which mandated reporters must report? The California Child Abuse and Reporting Act (CANRA) places upon community members the responsibility to report suspected cases of child abuse involving children in their care, or those with whom their interact in the course of their work (McCulloch, 2012). The

Child and Elder Abuse Child Abuse the
Words: 1099 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 39305063

Child and Elder Abuse Child Abuse The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) publishes a website called healthychildren.org. -- and the section called "What do I need to know about child abuse?" provides excellent information on the particulars of child abuse. The Healthy Children site points out that child abuse "…is common," and hence, with all the reports on television and in the newspapers about children being mistreated, it should cause parents, guardians,

Child Clinical Intervention
Words: 4968 Length: 15 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 22373768

Child Clinical Intervention Part I Child Abuse Physical abuse of children occurs throughout every social strata, although there may be an increased incidence among those living in poverty. Abuse often occurs at moments of great stress, and the perpetrator strikes out in anger at the child. The perpetrator may also have been abused as a child and may have poor impulse control. Because of the relative size and strength difference between adults

Abused and Exploited Children Child Abuse Is
Words: 1167 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 27174022

Abused and Exploited Children Child abuse is one of the most unfortunate realities of our society. In a world marked by progress, it is sad that there are still many households where young children are being subjected to violence both physical and otherwise. Child abuse is defined as any non-accidental harm or injury to a child caused by an adult. Despite the presence of numerous child protection services and agencies, children

Child Abuse Maltreatment Limited an Age Occur
Words: 816 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 48382238

Child abuse maltreatment limited an age occur infant, toddler, preschool, school-age years. Choose age groups (infant, toddler, preschool, school age) discuss types abuse age. Discuss warning signs physical emotional assessment findings nurse child abuse. Reporting suspected child abuse: The nurses' dilemma Accusing a parent or other relative of child abuse is a serious allegation, and nurses are understandably often reluctant to take such a step. Common signs of child abuse in school-age

Child Abuse Case Study
Words: 2223 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 28222043

Child Abuse Reporting The author of this report has been asked to create a report surrounding the subject of child abuse, what is legally required from an agency standpoint it comes to the same, confidentiality rules and so forth. The pertinent questions that will be asked are centered on a case study where an eleven-year-old boy reveals that he has been subject to words and behavior and the latter of those