In fact, unless specified otherwise, it can be considered quite rude to come 'on time.'
Another common characterization of cultures is in terms of their 'orientation' -- whether they are present, future, or past-oriented. Mexican culture is often characterized as far more past-oriented than Anglo cultures. "Part of the difference may be related to cultural concepts of control over the environment, which may in turn be related to religious tradition. Mexico, for instance, is usually viewed as a fatalistic culture where the past is in control of the present and future. Americans, by contrast, have a greater sense of control over present and future events" (O'Hara-Devereaux & Johansen 1994). A lack of popular involvement in the government and sense of autonomy over bureaucratic government decisions can foster a sense of powerlessness, which may be reinforced by the strong, relatively homogeneous Catholic tradition of the nation, interwoven with folk customs.
Of course, this characterization should not be regarded as absolute, as there have been many popular uprisings within Mexico, and calls for greater social justice. The fact that so many Mexicans flee to seek work elsewhere because of a lack of opportunity in what remains a socially stratified country also shows impulses towards a more future-oriented worldview. Mexican farmers and other groups negatively impacted by NAFTA's free trade provisions between their nation and the United States have articulated a strong anti-globalization voice within the nation, demanding that the government continue to subsidize and protect historic, ancestral varieties of Mexican corn and bean from competition with the U.S. ("Farmers protest," CBC, 2008).
Still, despite evidence of a more radical worldview than the traditional 'fatalist' characterization might suggest it cannot be denied that Catholicism has played a strong role in Latin American culture since the days of the early missionaries, laced with a heavy dose of syncretism or blending with local cultures. 80% of its population is Roman Catholic. "Religious traditions and customs permeate the national consciousness, and Catholic imagery -- crosses, shrines, rosaries, and candles -- decorate every town. Like much of Latin America, Mexico practices a form of Catholicism fused with native traditions that places great significance on the Virgin Mary and the saints" ("Religion," Let's Go Mexico, 2011). This stands in profound contrast to the United States, with its...
On one hand, members of the clergy have encouraged marginalized individuals to speak up for their rights, but the religion is also viewed as a force of social reaction, channeling populist discontent with the promise of a life in the hereafter. "The division is one roughly between progressive, clergy influenced by liberation theology" and social justice concerns vs. more conservative clergy who "disagree with progressives in their views of the proper role of the church in contemporary Mexican society and of its preferred relation to the state (Norget 1997:1). Roman Catholicism often reinforces social norms, such as a patriarchal family structure, but it also has encouraged marginalized people to identify their struggle, with that of oppressed Biblical figures and given them hope in what has, until recently, been a fairly static Mexican class structure.
Mexico is thus a nation that is profoundly different from the United States, but it defies easy characterization. Its high-context orientation clearly marks it as distinct from the U.S.'s low-context social norms and institutions. However, despite its greater religious homogeneity, it is just as complex in its own manner as the United States, and when seeking to define its culture, it is important to avoid stereotyping what it means to be 'Mexican.'
"Mexican farmers protest." CBC. January 31, 2008. [March 27, 2011]
"Mexican social etiquette." Mexperience, 2011. [March 27, 2011]
Norget, Kristin. Progressive theology and popular religiosity in Oaxaca, Mexico.
Ethnography, January 1997. [March 27, 2011]
O'Hara-Devereaux, Mary & Robert Johansen. "Chapter 2: A Multicultural Perspective:
Transcending the Barriers of Behavior and Language." Excerpted from Globalwork:
Bridging Distance, Culture, and Time. Jossey-Bass, 1994. [March 27, 2011] http://www.csub.edu/tlc/options/resources/handouts/fac_dev/culturalbarries.html
"Religion." Let's Go Mexico. [March 27, 2011]
The documents we provide are to be used as a sample, template, outline, guideline in helping you write your own paper, not to be used for academic credit. All users must abide by our "Student Honor Code" or you will be restricted access to our website.
Cultural Awareness Cesar Cesar is a patient who presents with psychotic symptoms associated with acute trauma. A Mexican citizen, he has a criminal history in Mexico, but after being released from prison six years earlier he immigrated illegally to the United States. He has resided and worked illegally, and was recently arrested by the California Highway Patrol (CHP) for a traffic violation. Upon interviewing him the CPH detained him and requested that
Other religions that are practiced include evangelical religions (including Pentecostals, neopentecostals, and Pentecostal Roots) make up 1.71% of the population; other Protestant evangelical groups, 2.79%; members of Jehovah's Witness make up 1.25%, "historical Protestants" such as Presbyterians, Baptists, Methodists, Del Nazerenos, Mennonites, and others, comprise .71%; Seventh-day Adventists, 0.58%; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), .25%, Jews, .05%, and other religions, .31% (with 3.52% of respondents indicating
Cross-Cultural Tourist Research Cross-Cultural Interactions From the onset, it would be prudent to offer a concise definition of two of the terms that will be variously used in this text, i.e. cross-cultural interactions and culture. Culture, according to Hofstede (as cited in Bowe and Martin, 2007, p. 80), is "the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another." It, hence, has got
U.S. Cuba Culture Cultural Differences between the U.S. And Cuba The role of culture in society has become increasingly important as the United States continues to spread its influence around the globe. Developing a sense of cultural awareness represents a type of knowledge that can be useful in mitigating sources of conflict. In the military cultural factors have been a critical, yet mostly unexamined, aspect of missions conducted in Africa and the
Abstract This paper discusses all the facets and considerations inherent to a cultural identity essay. Namely, the paper describes the importance of cultural identity, the definition of cultural identity, and examples of cultural identity—both theoretical and literal examples in the world today. This paper seeks to show how one’s cultural identity is so much more than just a melee of one’s race, environment and heritage. Cultural identity is made up of
Introduction Every culture has its own unique set of values and ethics. For that reason, cultural approaches to teaching patients are important for the spread of health literacy, health promotion, self-care, and better preventative care (Jeffreys, 2015). Cultural competence is considered an essential part of nurse education, as it focuses on the need for nurses to possess culturally competent skills when dealing with diverse patients of different backgrounds. Having a cultural