History Of Probation and Parole
The modern day probation and parole has its roots in the English criminal law during the middle ages. During this time, harsh punishments were handed down to offenders indiscriminately; both adults and children were punished alike. There were cases of flogging, mutilation, branding, and even execution as forms of punishment. These were deemed too harsh punishments and created discontent hence other alternative methods like buying Royal pardon were introduced. Activist judges also started applying some of the most lenient punishments within the provision of the law as a way of giving the offenders reprieve. With time, the courts started using the method of 'binding over for good behavior' which was a temporary release during which the offenders were allowed to push for lesser sentences of pardon. At this point, though in a controversial environment, some courts began suspending the sentences.
The trend radically changed in 1841 when John Augustus, who is considered the...
Upon securing his bail, the drunkard was ordered to return for sentencing in three weeks time. Augustus worked with the drunkard and upon retuning for the sentencing, the judge was pleased at how transformed the common drunkard was. This started the 18-year career in probation volunteering by Augustus and he not only worked with drunkards but several other types of offenders. He provided bail for hundreds of offenders and worked with them to reform them, which proved a big success with only 10 offenders out of 1,946 forfeiting their bonds, a big success my any measure. Consequently, the first probation statute was enacted in Massachusetts in 1859. After this, probation spread gradually throughout the U.S. The establishment of the juvenile courts in 1899 in Chicago saw the establishment of probation as part of the correction efforts in all the juvenile courts hence increasing the popularity of the courts. This developed to the current provision of all courts having probation for both children and adults (NYC Department of Probation, 2015).
The trend of the current probation officers working closely with the offenders with the aim of helping tem reform out of the jails and integration into the community traces its history to 1870 when Frederick Reiner donated 5 shillings to the Church of England to help in breaking the cycle of offence after the other and subsequent sentencing after another.…
Community Corrections as a Social Service With around 2 million Americans incarcerated in the nation's prisons and jails at a cost of tens of billions of dollars each year, policymakers are scrambling for alternative solutions and many have identified community corrections as a viable option. Using parole and probations programs, community corrections provide a valuable social service to the country by giving juvenile and adult offenders the opportunity to rejoin mainstream
Parole Board Decision for Robert Thomas Elton The objective of this study is to examine the possibility of parole for Thomas Robert Elton, an individual presently incarcerated for the commission of crimes and specifically the offenses of Burglary and Murder. Description Robert Thomas Elton DOB -- 05-30-1955 Offense(s) -- Burglary, Murder I, previous property offense Recommendations of Other authorities -- Psychiatrist Recommends Parole Facts of the Case (1) Robert Thomas Elton was sentenced to Life in Prison on
This program experience, concurrent with my faith-based experience developing an additional residential treatment program provided the core of my personal and professional learning of both direct patient care and cemented my belief in the need for such programs to exists and grow to better meet the needs of the growing drug problem in my community and many others. Upon completion of the position of Director of Residential Programs for the
Career as a Probation Officer Right for You? One of the most challenging and potentially rewarding careers in criminal justice is that of a probation officer. Probation officers are on the front line in working with and monitoring released offenders in an effort to prevent them from committing new crimes and being reincarcerated. By helping to keep offenders out of prison, probation officers can improve the quality of the lives
Parole List and explain the goals and purposes of parole. Parole is the conditional early release from prison or jail, under supervision, after a portion of the sentence has been served. This practice assumes that the offender successfully demonstrated conformity to the rules and regulations of the prison environment and shows an ability to conform to society's norms and laws. During the 1870s Zebulon Brockaway is credited with the passage of the
minds of the researchers. It is hoped that these studies also provide information that assists in addressing issues that need to be addressed. In this particular case a study is proposed to assist the researcher(s) in understanding exactly how prevalent drug use is amongst parolees and, perhaps more importantly, why is it so prevalent. It is hoped that by understanding the extent of the problem, as well as the