Developmental Behavior Analysis and Motor Development
Developmental Behavior Analysis
Motor development and developmental behavior analysis is an important behavior related concept and much of the profound work on this field has been done by John. B. Watson. Behaviorism which can also be termed as learning perspective is regarded as a philosophy of psychology. The main concept of behaviorism is that all actions that are shown by the organisms and the human beings are to be termed as behaviors. The second important fact argued by Watson's theory of Behaviorism is that all kinds of psychological disorders must be treated by making sure that the behavioral patterns are altered or the environments of the subjects are changed. One of the main facts that can be seen in these theories is that more stress has been given to the environment for better behavior development. Thereby environment can play more important roles in the development of behaviors.
Sometimes mentioned as the Behaviorism Manifesto, Watson published an article in 1913, "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It." The article highlighted some of the major features of his theory of behaviorism (Brucker, 1980, p. 189). It believes that the explanation of behaviors is based on their scientific explanation rather them being linked to the psychologies of hypothetical constructs. Most of the facts argued by Watson in his theory of behaviorism is based on an extensive research conducted by him in the field of child psychology. Child psychology was advanced with an introduction of natural sciences, which were more based on methods of objective research in which observable and measurable behaviors could be taken into account. Motor development in accordance to Watson is more of a conditioning process. Watson has mentioned some of the most important preprogrammed reflexes that are exhibited by the infants...
An important fact that can be learned from his viewpoint is that experience and practice can help condition these reflexes.
One of the most important researches in the field of motor development and developmental behavior analysis has been conducted by Esther Thelen. Thelen's research supports the fact argued by Watson that all the behaviors learned by the children are based on their experiences. Chaos theory by Thelen supports Watson's view on motor development and developmental behavior analysis. She argued that there is a great difference in the dynamic systems theories and conventional approaches where the standing of conventional approaches is lesser. Dynamic theories as argued by Thelen make use of an understanding of an overall system and the interaction of the parts is taken into consideration (Savelsbergh, 2005, p. 244). It has been argued by Thelen that the development of mind cannot take place in the absence of life experiences and body. Her research clearly showed that the walking and steeping reflexes in the children ward off as they gain weight but if these infants are placed in the water, the stepping and walking reflexes are restored. Before the revolutionary work of Thelen surfaced, the terms of stages and phases was used by the conventional scientists. They used to believe that behaviors of the children and infants are more dependent on the maturity of parts of the brain. But the studies conducted by Thelen showed that the behavioral development and the reflex development in the children and infants is more dependent on a number of factors that include an exposure of the environment as well as the physical changes that take place in the bodies of the children. Major stress was given by Thelen on the physical therapies for the babies rather the physical therapies that tragedy children of specific ages. From here, it can be seen that behaviors and experiences have great effect on the reflexes (Thelen, and Fisher, 1982, p. 770).
It is important to highlight that motor development also depends on physical situation. A number of researches and studies have shown that physical stimulation has important roles to play in motor development in infants and children. Infants deprived of physical stimulation exhibit delayed motor responses. The current research has also shown that training children suffering from Down's syndrome can help children in learning steeping and walking in an efficient manner. In these cases, one of the most important models that have been developed to study motor development is the behavioral development model. The main techniques used in the model…
Motor Processes in Sport Tom is an 18-year-old goalkeeper who recently moved up in class from youth to adult football. He was an early maturer and has a history of being more advanced in soccer than his peers but now a weakness is exposed. He never learned to kick with his left foot and this has been a problem at this level. The current paper discusses the proposed reasons for his
The central nervous system is impaired generally producing retardation as well as accelerating the accretion of neurotic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. Chromosome 21 mutations have been implicated in Alzheimer's disease but the specific gene related to Down Syndrome is yet undetermined. E. Developmental Psychological Aspects of Aging The study of developmental psychology is focused on the changes of individuals over passage of time as well as the
Other Medical Issues While neurological issues delays are primarily responsible for the functional developmental delays in children other complications can also affect the development of a preterm child. These problems include: cardiovascular complications; respiratory problems such as respiratory distress syndrome or chronic lung disease; a number of severe metabolic and gastrointestinal problems that can result in delayed growth and other problems; immune system problems, such as susceptibility to infections or diseases
Activities to Reduce Inappropriate Behaviors Displayed by Children With Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities The purpose of this dissertation study is to test the effectiveness of an everyday activities-based protocol (Holm, Santangelo, Fromuth, Brown & Walter, 2000) for managing challenging and disruptive behaviors of 13- to 23-year-old residential students (male and female) with Autism who live at Melmark Homes, Inc., of southeastern Pennsylvania, and attend school or adult day programs.
Human Behavior Social Environment Child This paper begins with an observation of a 4-year-old boy at the train station setting. The surrounding company is the family that consists of father, mother, a son, and three-daughters. The goal of the observation is to establish the boy's entire behavior together with his reaction to punishment and reinforcement. The method used was the Systematic Observation consisting of event sampling and specimen record that lasted for
Computer programming also allows the student unlimited control of stimulus presentations. Computer-based reinforcers can also immediately follow responses. And computers allow concurrent or "cooperative" use (Goldsmith & LeBlanc). Virtual Reality This creates a three-dimensional, computer-generate environment, where people can behave and interact (Goldsmith & LeBlacn 2004). It has been shown effective in treating phobias, burn pain during wound care as adjunct therapy; self-mastery of wheelchair use by children with cerebral palsy;