Effects Of International Drug Trafficking Essay

Length: 2 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Evolution Type: Essay Paper: #42936213 Related Topics: Drug Cartel, War On Drugs, Illegal Drugs, Drug Addiction
Excerpt from Essay :

International Drug Trafficking

One of the most prominent international issues regarding drugs is the ways in which these substances are illegally moved across borders. It was originally believed that the drug trade could be adequately controlled by enforcement. However, after roughly forty years of the failure to win the "war on drugs," it is becoming undeniably obvious that enforcement is not the effective solution to this situation. The role of globalization in the international community has worked to facilitate the exchange of information and goods, including the illicit drug trade; illegal markets have reached a level of complexity that no one previously thought possible and the value of the illegal drug market is valued at over five hundred billion dollars a year (Jenner, 2011). This hidden market has created innovative methods of subverting any effects of increased international enforcement and in many cases uses violence to ensure local compliance.

The drug laws vary widely around the world. Some power of the drug cartels in countries such as Mexico by disrupting their networks and killing or capturing their leaders. The pinnacle of that strategy was the capture of Mexico's most powerful trafficker, Joaquin Guzman Loera, better known as El Chapo, who escaped in spectacular fashion last month from a maximum-security prison (Neuman, 2015). However, these efforts often have little lasting effect as drug rivals often fill in the gaps and maintain the production and trafficking of the illegal drugs. Often when one leader is captured or killed, what results is a bloody struggle in the aspiring leaders to fill this gap which can have disastrous consequences for the…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Ahmed, A. (2015, August 29). Young Hands in Mexico Feed Growing U.S. Demand for Heroin. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/30/world/americas/mexican-opium-production-rises-to-meet-heroin-demand-in-us.html?_r=0

Drug Policy Alliance. (N.d.). Drug Laws and Drug Enforcement Around the World. Retrieved from Drug Policy Alliance: http://www.drugpolicy.org/drug-laws-and-drug-enforcement-around-world

Felbab-Brown, V. (2012, August). Organized Criminals Won't Fade Away. Retrieved from Brookings: http://www.brookings.edu/research/articles/2012/08/drugs-crime-felbabbrown

Jenner, M. (2011). International Drug Trafficking: A Global Problem with a Domestic Solution. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 901-927.
Neuman, W. (2015, August 12). As Drug Kingpins Fall in Mexico, Cartels Fracture and Violence Surges. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/13/world/americas/as-mexico-arrests-kingpins-cartels-splinter-and-violence-spikes.html?ref=topics


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