My personal communication style is passionate but becoming more balanced. Presenting arguments in a calm and logical manner is one of the great challenges of human communication. The ancient Greeks articulated rhetorical strategies that used pathos, ethos, and logos to show how an effective argument is not just emotional but also logical and credible. In the past, I have reverted to emotional appeals too much when making a case. Academic writing has taught me the value of taking a step back from my emotions and considering other points of view.
I have learned that an academic argument can take on many different forms, but generally includes four main components. Those four components include the claim, the evidence, the counterargument, and the rebuttal (“English 122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument,” n.d.). The claim is my position, or my thesis statement. The evidence comprises the factual foundation for my argument, the logos component of the argument. The counterargument is where I can consider alternative points of view, and the rebuttal is where I respond to those opposing points of view using logic and reason.
A recent argument I experienced was related to healthcare, and the opposing views of insurance providers versus patients and healthcare workers. One side was claiming that the healthcare system needs to remain profit-driven in order to stimulate competition in a human rights and social justice ethics.
After reading course materials on rhetoric and effective arguments, the only concern I have is with how to keep my emotions out of verbal exchanges, when I do not have the time to take a step back and reflect like I do with most academic assignments.
After considering the information in this week’s instructor guidance and readings, I have selected the research topic on fake news. Why is “fake news” so hard to identify and what can be done to limit its influence in society? Propaganda has always been a pernicious problem, but now more than ever, consumers are lured by any argument they read online. Professional journalists, bloggers, politicians, celebrities, and private citizens are struggling to find validity and truth in information in the digital age.
After reviewing the library tutorials, I have identified ten keywords for my research, which include “fake news,” “media literacy,” “truth in journalism,” “journalistic integrity,” critical thinking,” “Fake news in…
Over the past few years, the phrase “fake news” has become a household word in the United States. Like the term “propaganda” during the Cold War era, “fake news” has come to connote the manipulation of the public through misleading or frankly false information. Fake news can be spread by anyone with a Twitter account or Facebook page, making it far too easy for fake news to proliferate. In fact,
THE ALLURE OF FAKE NEWS: Outline I. Introduction A. Thesis statement: Internet technologies enable the proliferation of fake news, and only education and awareness can curtail the influence fake news has on society. II. Body Paragraph A. Claim: Prior exposure to a fake news story makes a person more likely to believe in the veracity of the information. 1. Evidence: Just a one-time exposure to a fake news item on a social media platform like
Fake News: Knowledge Is Power With the election of Donald Trump, it seems that power might come from the absence of knowledge. As Barton points out, fake news was once a fringe effect but has now become a "a strategy for consolidating executive power," (1). Anti-intellectualism and the dumbing down of American, which Richard Hofstadter describes in his 1964 Pulitzer Prize-winning book Anti-Intellectualism in American Life, highlights the problem of when
Media Literacy and the CRAAP Test Media literacy is one of the most pressing needs in the current anti-intellectual, "alternative facts" American universe. The proliferation of fake news is in part due to lack of media literacy, and the inability to discern credible sources of information from untrustworthy ones. One of the tools that can be used to assess the quality of a media outlet or article is the aptly named
Thesis statement: Internet technologies enable the proliferation of fake news, and only education and awareness can curtail the influence fake news has on society. A. Claim: Prior exposure to a fake news story makes a person more likely to believe in the veracity of the information. 1. Evidence: Just a one-time exposure to a fake news item on a social media platform like Facebook increases the likelihood that a person will believe
Arguably, the raw data at WikiLeaks is far more powerful than anything that can be found in traditional media or satire news. The audience here must also acquire the tools necessary to properly digest the information, as an audience accustomed to uncritical digestion of mainstream media will be challenged by the raw information presented devoid of spin and context. Works Cited: Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8