¶ … Formation of Self I believe that this concept directly relates to what Singer was stating about the importance of waking and nighttime dreams.
The central unifying theme for the readings analyzed for this particular assignment is the effects of culture on the individual. Moreover, culture specifically affects a number of crucial cognitive, emotional, and motivational factors for people (Markus and Kitayam, 1991, p. 225), as they pertain to an individual's perception of (his or her) self. Some of the facets of culture include "a distinct language; a distinct customs…and distinct beliefs" (Galotti, 2007, p. 574). Personally, I can identify with many of the concepts introduced in the readings pertaining to what essentially is how an individual defines his or her self. I am fairly fiercely attached to my own individuality, and was pleased to read a number of works which essentially discussed varying factors that contribute to individuality. However, it is somewhat of a paradox to consider the fact that culture specifically contributes to individuality, since one of the precursors of culture is that it must be practiced by multitudes or groups of people. Still, there are several different varying cultures within the world, continents, countries and states -- which means that even though culture represents a consensus of group values, there is still plenty of room for individuality.
I have to admit that because of my fondness for my own individuality, I was particularly taken with the introductory remarks in the article by Singer "Daydreams, the stream of consciousness, and self-representations" (p. 141-142). A lot of the importance that he attaches to dreams, both waking and daydreaming and those of the conventional nighttime variety, I impute to in my daily life. I agree with the point that there is a definite correlation between one's waking dreams or thoughts and nighttime dreams (Singer, 1998, p. 141) and that these thoughts -- which are pure, and come from within an individual and are not directly related to external stimuli -- eventually are responsible for galvanizing an individual into action to make them a reality. The fact that consciousness is limited (Furuya, 2013, p.7 ) and that the unconscious mind can continue what began as conscious thoughts contributes to the relationship between waking dreams and nighttime dreams. There is a ...
Nonetheless, it is critical to understand the role that culture and the community play in shaping the specific aspirations and thoughts that individuals have. There are many pronounced cultural differences that denote different concepts for the construct of the self. For instance, the culture found within Westernized Europe in the United States embraces aspects of individuality in such a way that is not found in other parts of the world including Asia, Africa, and certain areas of Latin America (Markus and Kitayama, 1991, p. 225). As such, the identity of the self is intrinsically related to others in distinct ways. In the former areas, cultural mores of uniqueness and virtues ascribed to it are celebrated, transmitted, and play a substantial role in the dreams and thoughts of people. In the latter areas, the self is valued as it directly relates to others and to the community in general. The significance of these facts is that as a result of these varying cultural memes, individual conceptions of the self pertain more to autonomy within America and more to community and harmonization with others in most other parts of the world save for Western Europe.
From a cognitive perspective, then, there are many different effects to which these cultural distinctions contribute. Additionally, it is increasingly arduous to separate certain cognitive processes from their emotional output and their result as motivational factors as well. This notion -- as applied to culture -- is elucidated within Schrauf and Hoffman's article (2007), and is evinced within separate applications of "revisionism in memory" (p.895) between immigrants and non-immigrants. Research indicates that the accuracy of memory is flawed anyway (Furuya, 2013, p. 6). The basis of the research performed within this article is the fact that people tend to cling to their happier memories and forget those that are viewed more negatively, which is aligned with the notion of "distorted cognition" that can influence other psychological conditions such as depression (Mineka and Sutton,…
I believe that this concept directly relates to what Singer was stating about the importance of waking and nighttime dreams.
Clinical Psychology Dissertation - Dream Content as a Therapeutic Approach: Ego Gratification vs. Repressed Feelings An Abstract of a Dissertation Dream Content as a Therapeutic Approach: Ego Gratification vs. Repressed Feelings This study sets out to determine how dreams can be used in a therapeutic environment to discuss feelings from a dream, and how the therapist should engage the patient to discuss them to reveal the relevance of those feelings, in their present,
Bringing up the aspects of personhood that help create identity can help start a dialogue and encourage critical and creative thinking in the class. Teachers can raise issues related to race, class, gender, religion, and power in a sensitive, culturally competent manner and then perhaps create lessons that encourage students to explore their own backgrounds and identities. However, when individual students or a group of students are unaware of
Philosophers of Ancient Greece Ancient Greece offers a plethora of great thinkers all of whom contributed greatly to understanding the mysteries of natural and unnatural phenomena. From the Pre-Socratic era to the Classical Age of thought, we come across various schools that painstakingly define the workings of the mind, soul, matter and the whole universe. This paper aims to outline the philosophical beliefs of the spearheads of Greek thought and compare
Instead, by transferring budgetary control to the Director of National Intelligence, IRTPA forced the various intelligence agencies to unite under a single, coherent leadership, if only to ensure the continued flow of funds towards their respective projects. As with any government endeavor, the inertia of the Intelligence Community is maintained only so long as ample funds are continually available, so by tethering intelligence agencies' funding to inter-agency cooperation coordination,
It will use historical evidence to examine the role of the church is a spiritual entity. It will examine the role of the church as a political entity throughout changing political landscapes. It will explore the role of the church as a social service provider with regards to the importance of this role in helping black people to redeem themselves in light of historical cultural atrocities that they have
From this came our insistence on the drama of the doorstep" (cited by Hardy 14-15). Grierson also notes that the early documentary filmmakers were concerned about the way the world was going and wanted to use all the tools at hand to push the public towards greater civic participation. With the success of Drifters, Grierson was able to further his ideas, but rather than directing other films, he devoted his time