Genetics and Development
Genetics is a scientific discipline that deals with how individuals inherit their physical and behavioral attributes. Generally, genetics is a branch of biology that deals with the science of heredity, genes, and differences in living organisms. It's the process with which a child inherits traits from his/her parents and the molecular organization and function of genes. The question of what determines the development of a child has been an issue that has attracted considerable concerns and debates across educators, biologists, and psychologists. This issue has attracted huge concerns because it's impossible to explain each and every factor that eventually determines who a child becomes. Notably, the development of a child involves a mix of various influences such as parenting, genetics, individual experiences, family relationships, friends, and school. One of the most important influences on a child's development and growth is genetics, which primarily is the process of traits inheritance from parents to offspring.
Child growth and development is a process that consists of some building blocks, which are components that combine in an infinite number of ways (Cherry, n.d.). As a result of the variations of building blocks in a child's development, educators, psychologists, and philosophers have been constantly engaged in the debate of nature vs. nurture debate. Many researchers agree that child development is a complex interaction between his/her genetic background (nature)...
In essence, some developmental aspects are strongly affected by biology whereas other aspects are influenced by environmental factors. From the onset of an individual's life, biology provides the platform for his/her path through physical and mental development. This biological platform consists of hereditary and environmental influences that shape the child to what he/she eventually becomes.
Role of Genetics in Development:
As previously mentioned, genetics play a crucial role in the growth and development of a child since it deals with how an offspring inherits physical and behavioral characteristics. A person's genes contain the genetic information that controls various characteristics like the color of hair and eyes. Genes, which are inherited from parents, are basically single units of genetic material that is found inside chromosomes. While every cell in a human body contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, one of every pair of chromosomes is in inherited from each parent. This implies that every individual have two copies of each gene in every cell with only one exception i.e. X and Y chromosomes, which determine the sex of a child. In essence, babies with X and Y chromosomes will be male while those without a Y chromosome will be female, which means that males only have one copy of every X chromosome gene ("Genetics: Introduction," 2012).
The role of genes in the development of a child can be attributed to when parents pass down genes to the child. This process begins…
Hence, genetic factors underlie the stability or continuity of psychological traits. Gene Development Mutations play a vital role in genetics, although they cause different disorders living things. Sometimes heredity causes disorders that affect the normal genetic development. Genetic processes control how humans develop from a single cell to adult human beings. Genes control the nervous system cells, and re-growth of skin and hair cells. Genes make humans dynamic organisms capable of
The following images show certain disorders that result due to mutation. Children born from the same family members' shows higher similarity index regarding the genetic disorder number inclusive of the Indian community (Cummings, 2010, pg 333). Curbing gene disorders Stoppage of varying types of disorders is possible through learning in consideration of human development the number of genes contained in a single genome, their respective location and the establishment of functions
Aggression from a Heritability Perspective There is a social bias against the idea of aggression, so that many people conflate the ideas of aggression and violence, so that they cannot separate them. This suggests that aggression is negative, which is not necessarily the case. The result has been that suggestions that aggression is somehow genetic have been morphed into the notion that people carrying those genes must somehow be inferior
Canine Behavior: Genetics vs. Environment The debate over nature vs. nurture as it applies to learning dates back over a hundred years. Certainly, during much of the 20th century, the distinction between learned and inherited behavior appeared much clearer than it does today. The concept that any type of behavior was either learned or merely developed without learning seemed a rationale and straightforward belief. Research based on these expectations caused
Schizophrenia is considered to be one of the most sever psychiatric disorders. The incidence of the condition each year is approximately 15 in every 100,000 people, and the lifetime risk of developing schizophrenia is 0.7% (Tandon et al., 2008). Family history and genetics have been identified as contributing to the development of schizophrenia in 80% of cases (Tandon et al., 2008). Some environmental factors associated with increased likelihood of the
The nature principle tells us that people will be what they will be, regardless of external factors that went into their prenatal development. The nurture principle states otherwise, and demands that we judiciously examine the inputs that are going into the body of the mother, which go into the body of the developing baby. Detrimental neurobiological effects can arise from substance abuse, such as alcohol, which can result in