Homeland Security Effects of Terrorism Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Beginning in October of 2005, organizational arrangements for emergency management functions on a federal level were put into place, in the reorganization begun by Secretary Chertoff.

Pros and Cons about the Homeland Security Program

There are good things about the Homeland Security Program in the U.S. A list of positives would include the fact that some safeguards must be implemented in order to keep the country safe. Local and national law enforcement efforts to this effect might keep thousands or millions of people in the U.S. from being wounded or killed. Counterintelligence efforts, legal or otherwise have turned up some plots by terrorists to wreak havoc, though the equal potential for abusing this privilege is omnipresent. Likewise, the prosecution of terrorists has instilled an awareness and deterrence of like crimes, though the potential for abuse has been raised as a legal issue. The people have come to rely on the agencies of FEMA and Homeland Security to help them when a national disaster, environmental or otherwise, has struck. Terrorists have been highly profiled, giving the public an opportunity to become aware and to report any threatening actions by those who might wish to harm or hurt individuals, communities, states or the country of the United States.

On the other hand, some civil rights have been trodden upon by government agencies in their zeal to pursue ephemeral terrorists, raising the legal issues of how much the Constitution of the U.S. protects citizens' privacy and rights to free speech and to bear arms. Religious groups and foreign nationals have been blacklisted or discriminated against in a nation which prides itself on tolerance. Abuse of the rights of citizens in the U.S. By law enforcement can only lead to disaster and decay of national morale (Messerli, p. 1).

The Homeland Security Program, as it stands has both good and bad elements, and though the citizens of the United States need to trust both their local law officials and the federal government to help them counter terrorism, much policy and reorganization work still remains to be done.

References

Center for Defense Information. (2001). Organization for Homeland Security: issues and options. CDI Terrorism Project. 21 Dec 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2008 at http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/homelandsecurity.cfm.

Committee on Homeland Security. (2007). Homeland Security failures: TWIC examined. U.S. House of Representatives. 31 Oct 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2008 at http://homeland.house.gov/hearings/index.asp?ID=98.

Grant, a. (2007). Remarks at the 2007 Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism Law Enforcement Conference. U.S. Department of State. 15 Jun 2007.

Hall, M. (2004). Ex-official tells of Homeland Security failures. U.S.A. Today. 12 Dec 2004.

Hogue, H.K., and Bea, H. (2006). Federal emergency management and Homeland Security organization: historical developments and legislative options. CRS Report for Congress. 1 Jun 2006. Retrieved April 29, 2008 at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL33369.pdf.

Messerli, J. (2007). Should we sacrifice some of our civil liberties to help fight the war on terror? Balanced Politics. Retrieved April 29, 2008 at http://www.balancedpolitics.org/civil_liberties.htm.

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