Evaluate three programs related to OSHA and employers' obligation to follow or participate in them.
The Occupational Safety & Health Administration has a mission to "assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance" (OSHA, 2014).
One of the outreach programs is with the construction industry, an industry that has a history of being one of the more dangerous businesses for worker safety. There are 10-hour and 30-hour classes that OSHA runs for its authorized trainers in the industry. The ten-hour class is "intended for entry level workers," while the 30-hour class is intended for "supervisors or workers with some safety responsibility." The program includes tips on the "recognition, avoidance, abatement and prevention of safety and health hazards" (OSHA, 2014). There is also information about workers' rights and filing complaints. This program is strictly educational in nature. It applies only to companies in the construction industry -- there are similar programs for several other industries -- and participation in the program is voluntary. OSHA has enforcement mechanisms for companies and job sites that do not follow its rules, but it is not compulsory that anybody from the site takes these courses. It is, however, valuable for them to do so .
Another OSHA program is recordkeeping. One of the areas where companies run into trouble with OSHA is when they do not keep proper records of incidents at their work sites. There are some exceptions to the rules outlined, but most companies must abide by OSHA rules with compliance is compulsory for all companies over which OSHA has enforcement authority. There are limited exemptions for small companies with fewer than 10 employees, and for partially-exempt industries, which include retail, services, finance, insurance and real estate. Other industries receive no such partial exemption, by the nature of their work -- transportation, manufacturing, communication, electricity, oil and gas, mining, agriculture and wholesale trade.
A third OSHA program is the statistics program. One of the ways that OSHA tracks safety and workplace health in the United States is by gathering statistics on incidents that have…
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