At the moment Latino students find it easy to seek for help from their family members and find so difficult to find the same help from members outside the family such as friends or the community. Since there is a great disparity between the Latino culture and the expectations of the United States educational system it is obvious that the Latino students require assistance to help them cope with this new culture which they can only get from those who are familiar with the new system; the Whites. Even though there are counseling services it has been noted that Latino students either underutilize them or never use them at all due to the lack of knowledge of their existence or not knowing the means of accessing them. This lack of access to such vital services can prevent them from gaining from the educational opportunities and ultimately leads to underachievement and high rates of dropout which makes formulation of programs that address the specific needs of these students necessary and these programs should cover both the students and their families. The best institutions that can assist these Latino students and their families are schools since the school counselors are in the best position to attend to their specific needs at the appropriate time.
In addition to the aforementioned programs, there are other programs that can be used to assist Latino students; one of such programs is the Submersion program which is characterized by lack of any exceptional program design. As they are known through history, they are classrooms where those students who are not native English speakers either 'sink or swim'. The other program is English as a Second Language (ESL) program which provides students with exceptional ESL instructions. These instructions are designed in such a way that they much their proficiency level and mostly offered by a resource teacher within some part of the day. In this program instructions are exclusively given in English and no native language is used (Arce, 2004).
The last program as pointed out by Arce (2004) is one known as Partial immersion or sheltered English programs which is closely related to the previous one only that it offers ESL under shelter and takes most part of the day. Unlike ESL program in this program the native language is sometimes used for purposes of clarifying some ideas or subject matter and this is mostly offered by paraprofessionals.
This is the reverse of the idea in bilingual education which recognizes diverse cultures and languages and equates them to American culture and language. Therefore, in order to succeed in implementing the above discussed programs a lot of work has to be done which include convincing the Americans to accept and appreciate other cultures, only then will Latinos have an equal opportunity in any sector in the United States of America.
Finally, in 1959, the last Mexican-American holdouts in Chavez Ravine were forcibly removed from their homes by police, and the bulldozers were brought in to clear all remaining buildings, according to the PBS report. Los Angeles Times reporter Dan Lai wrote in his blog on April 20, 2010: "[Chavez Ravine] is a story of broken promises, wicked land deals, slimy business proceedings, highly questionable political wrangling, mayoral lies, forcible evictions, eminent
Latino community leaders want to achieve equality in the United States for Latino-Americans and immigrants, but they want to preserve their cultural uniqueness and traditions in the same way that other immigrant groups have done in America. While the academic opportunities that are now open to Latinos in America are encouraging, and the career opportunities that are becoming available through alternative dispute resolution is helpful, Latinos are still struggling,
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Immigrant Experience And Its Psychological Toll Information Competency & Library Use San Francisco, CA The theoretical framework centers of the immigrant experience and how it changes the individual while navigating his or her new society. The topic statement seeks to explore these phenomena by focusing on the psychological experience and its relationship to violence and economics. The idea that the action of immigrating is profoundly disruptive on ideas of self-worth, identity and economic
273). And Vela-Gude's article offers several of the main points of this paper's research; the services must be ready, and the counselors must be thoroughly informed and knowledgeable about the cultural implications as well as the academic realities facing those Latino students (2009). Racism Against Latinos This paper alludes to the high number of Latinos in California and Texas, but according to the Southern Poverty Law Center's research, the South is home
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