Psychology of Learning and Obesity A-Level Coursework

Excerpt from A-Level Coursework :



Latent learning; this is the type of learning that takes place oblivious of the reinforcements that are applied though these reinforcements can be useful later on in the process of learning. It is the education that is instantly expressed in a response that is obvious. Here, an organism may be learning but the information learnt is not instantly expressed (Robert Jensen, 2006). For instance, a child may watch the elders set the table and they may not instantly set the table but will store that knowledge and information till the day and time that they will need it.

Insight learning; this is the understanding that one has even without much effort or many trials and errors. This type of learning allows the person to be able to form associations between events and objects that can help them solve new challenges that may come their way (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011 ). This can happen when one learns the basic tricks that can allow one to solve several other problems like one knowing the rave of an engine that may suggest the car needs checkup in specific areas and not some areas.

Learning sets; is a group of people, usually between four to seven people who are teamed up together and usually come together in a regular basis with the aim of discussing the issue that are concerned with their learning needs and the social needs.

Transfer of learning; refers to the situation whereby the learnt skills and knowledge is carried and applied to the actual situation like to the work environment. This is achieved through ability to recognize common features among concepts, principles, or skills, consciously link the information in memory and to see the value of using what was learned in one situation in another (David N. Perkins, 1992).

Negative transfer; occurs when the process of learning and application in one situation interferes with the learning process in another situation. For instance, when learning about the fight for liberation among the African countries keeps confusing the student with the fight to end slave trade among these African countries and distorting the facts that the student has for these two events. On the other hand, positive transfer refers to the situation where the previous learnt things and previous events that are connected to the learning all work to help the better learning of the current knowledge being acquired. This is the most common kind of learning for instance the basic arithmetic that one learns at the elementary school will help make learning more complicated mathematics or physics easier than it could have been if the person never had elementary level of education.

References

David N. Perkins, (1992). Transfer of Learning. Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://learnweb.harvard.edu/alps/thinking/docs/traencyn.htm

Encyclopedia Britannica, (2011 ). Insight in Learning Theory. Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/289152/insight

Gonzalez, J.J. (2002). Modeling Erosion of Security and Safety Awareness. Proceedings of the Twentieth International Conference of the System Dynamics Society July 28 - August 1, 2002 Palermo, Italy, Vol., 200. Retrieved on April 10, 2010 from www.ikt.hia.no/.../Modeling%20Instrumental%20Conditioning%20(HICSS'36%20pap

Jeffry Ricker, (2011). What is Stimulus Generalization & Discrimination? Retrieved December

7, 2010 from http://wwwi.scottsdalecc.edu/ricker/psy101/readings/section_5/5-11.html

Kendra Cherry, (2011). Introduction to Operant Conditioning. Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/a/introopcond.htm

Michael D. Breed, (2001). Observation Learning. Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://www.animalbehavioronline.com/observationallearning.html

Ormrod, J.E. (1999). Human learning (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://teachnet.edb.utexas.edu/~Lynda_abbot/Behaviorism.html

Robert Jensen, (2006). Behaviorism, Latent Learning, and Cognitive Maps: Needed Revisions in Introductory Psychology Textbooks. Association for Behavior Analysis International. Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2223150/

Sources Used in Document:

References

David N. Perkins, (1992). Transfer of Learning. Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://learnweb.harvard.edu/alps/thinking/docs/traencyn.htm

Encyclopedia Britannica, (2011 ). Insight in Learning Theory. Retrieved December 7, 2010 from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/289152/insight

Gonzalez, J.J. (2002). Modeling Erosion of Security and Safety Awareness. Proceedings of the Twentieth International Conference of the System Dynamics Society July 28 - August 1, 2002 Palermo, Italy, Vol., 200. Retrieved on April 10, 2010 from www.ikt.hia.no/.../Modeling%20Instrumental%20Conditioning%20(HICSS'36%20pap

Jeffry Ricker, (2011). What is Stimulus Generalization & Discrimination? Retrieved December

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